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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 62. 

Elgin, 111., January 4, 1913. 

No. 1 


Nobel Peace Prize Unawarded. 
When, eleven years ago, the "Nobel Peace Prize" was 
instituted, for the express-purpose of encouraging the most 
notable efforts in the furtherance of peace, it was thought 
that each year some would surely be worthy of the hand- 
some prize offered. During the year 1912, however, the 
Norwegian Parliamentary Committee, entrusted with the 
awarding of the funds, has found no one to whom the 
splendid prize of $40,000 might rightfully be given. Evi- 
dently 1912 was a year of war, rather than of peace. In 
conformity with our recent Christmas message we may 
well pray that the Lord incline the hearts of the people 
to a greater degree of "peace and good will to all men." 

Is the Automobile to Blame? 
That the increasing use of automobiles has, to some ex- 
tent, tended to lessen church attendance in larger cities, 
is the verdict of many metropolitan pastors. Dr. Johns- 
ton Myers, of Chicago, frankly says: "In the midst of so 
much prosperity we are apt to become a godless people. 
Many who, a few years ago, walked to church, now ride 
past in automobiles, with considerable disdain." While 
there is, doubtless, some truth in the remarks quoted, it 
must be remembered that much .depends upon the indi- 
viduals concerned. As already stated in previous issues, 
many automobile owners in our own ranks manage their 
cars in such a manner as to become really helpful to the 
immediate community in which they live. They do not 
neglect the house of the Lord, and help many others to 
get there who otherwise would be unable. 

Good Use for Discarded Papers. • 
In most homes the religious journal is still in fairly 
good condition after every member of the family has had 
the opportunity of reading it, and there is no reason why 
it should not be passed on to others who might be bene- 
fited. We notice that ample provisions are made, by 
some of the denominations, for a more thorough utiliza- 
tion of religious journals, Sunday-school papers, lesson 
charts and pictures, and the like. Under the plan 
adopted, the home field - is thoroughly canvassed first, 
and distribution made to best advantage. Any surplus 
supply is at stated periods sent to certain designated 
distributing points on the frontier, whence they find their 
way -to many a lonely, cabin, blessing it with their mes- 
sage of love and cheer. This plan is a most excellent 
one, and any one is at liberty to give it his most hearty 


The "Golden Rule" Applied to Prisoners. 
After reading Bro. Yereman's recital of his distressing 
prison experience, as given on page 3 of this issue, it will 
probably be apparent to all that there is abundant room 
for the application of "Golden Rule" principles in the 
more humane treatment of prisoners. Recently Mont- 
pelier, Vt., has sprung into the limelight of public atten- 
tion, because of its evident success in dealing most com- 
mendably with its prisoners. During the last four years 
the inmates of that prison have been given the kind of 
treatment recommended by the Master in his great ser- 
mon, and the excellent results attained, in real reform 
work among the prisoners, are the best evidence that, 
after all, brotherly love to the fallen is the magic key to 
the hardest heart. But how slowly the world is learning 
the precious lessons of the Loving Christ, when they 
have proved their worth again and again! 

was unfolded. It became plain that the vindictive oppo- 
sition of labor leaders against employers of non-union 
labor knew no bounds. When the demands of the labor 
agitator could not be forced upon the contractor, dyna- 
mite was stealthily made use of to emphasize their threats. 
Thus the reign of terror continued until the recent in- 
vestigation. Dec. 2S thirty-eight of the labor leaders im- 
plicated, were found guilty. Now the transgressors reap 
as they have- sown. Law and order again triumph, as 
they always do in the end. 

Dancing in the Public Schools. 
Of vital interest to every Christian in the United States 
is the growing tendency, to introduce dancing into the 
public schools of our land. Judging by expressions in 
our various exchanges, the innovation is not confined to 
any particular State, but is found here and there from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific. In many places where the 
Bible" has been most energetically driven out, the dance 
has been most persistently introduced, and by and by 
there will be considerable truth in the charge of our 
Catholic friends, — that "the public schools are godless." 
It is. high time that all Christian people join forces on this 
important matter of ruling out dancing from our public 
schools, where such an innovation already prevails or is 
threatened. By all means let us get the Bible into the 
schools- and keep it there. It will have its influence upon 
uncalled-for innovations. 

Another Indictment of the Saloon. 
Christian County, Illinois, recently got a report from 
its grand jury that stamps an unusual and unlooked for 
indictment upon the iniquitous saloon. It says: "Re- 
"solved, That it is the sense of this grand jury that the 
one stupendous crime, facing the country, is the legalized 
liquor traffic. And further, that we deem it high time 
that this country dissolve partnership with this family- 
wrecking and soul-destroying business, as seven-tenths of 
our findings were caused directly or indirectly by the use 
of liquor." Think of it, — seven-tenths of the crime due 
to intoxicating drink! AH honor to the jury that had the 
courage to state the real facts, which, probably, could be 
. verified by other grand juries all over our land. Candidly 
speaking, is it not high time that this nation of ours, so 
greatly superior to many others, should "dissolve partner- 
ship" with the abominable, crime-producing traffic? 

Violence Must Cease. 
For some years our country has been shocked, every 
now and then; by the wanton destruction of bridges, 
buildings, etc., just completed or in course of construction. 
In each of the cases, dynamite or some other explosive 
was employed, but the actual perpetrators, while sus- 
pected, could not be discovered. When, however, the ex- 
plosion that wrecked the "Times" office at Los Angeles, 
Cal., brought the subsequent confession of the McNam- 
ara brothers, an opportunity was afforded the Federal 
authorities to look into the nation-wide evil of dynamite 
explosions. Oct. 1, 1912, just two years after the Los 
Angeles disaster, a large number of labor leaders, mostly 
belonging to the iron workers' union, were cited before 
the tribunal at Indianapolis, Ind., and for about three 
months a most searching, yet eminently fair, investiga- 
tion was entered into. As the trial progressed from day 
to day, a dark and forbidding record of deeds of violence 

An Anti-Cigarette Testimony. 
While, as a body, the Church of the Brethren is 
thoroughly convinced as to the evil tendencies of the 
cigarette, it is well to note the emphatic denunciation, 
recently given by Judge W. N. Gemmill, of the Chicago 
Court of Domestic Relations, in the following: "Many 
criminals, small and big, have the tell-tale yellow stains 
on their fingers. Nearly all the men and women who 
have lost the faculty of blushing, smoke cigarettes." 
These are words well worth pondering, and it might not 
be amiss to impress them most emphatically upon the 
rising generation. Many a boy falls victim to the vile 
cigarette habit before the parents are aware of the fact. 
"The word in season" will, therefore, prove of the great- 
est value, 

Discoveries at Rome. 
For some time Prof. Boni has been carrying on exca- 
vations on the Palatine Hill at Rome, and has just re- 
opened a house of the early imperial period. Judging by 
the inscription and other evidences, Prof. Boni is con- 
vinced that it was the residence of Tiberius Cicsar, and 
Julia, the daughter of Augustus. Of special interest to 
the present-day student of antiquity are the remnants of 
luxurious fittings that once graced the sumptuous apart- 
ments. The capricious, exacting character of Julia de- 
manded the best, and, her husband acceded to her wishes, 
A large bath, fitted with cold and hot water supplies, 
indicates that Rome, in that early day, had reached a high 
state of civilization. Later on, increased love of luxury 
and case brought on the final decay which scaled the 
doom of the great world empire. 

"The Right to Get Drunk." 

Strikes are entered into for all sorts of reasons, but 
of all reasons the most peculiar is that, alleged by the 
strikers on the Northeastern railroad in England, who 
ceased from work because they claim "the right to get 
drunk." It appears that an engineer was in the habit of 
becoming intoxicated when off duty. Refusing to give 
up the habit, he was discharged. At once his fellow- 
workmen took up his cause, and expressed their sympathy 
by striking, alleging that the penalty imposed on their 
fellow-worker was an invasion of their private privileges. 
They admitted that drinking while on duty would be 
wrong, but contended that, outside of that, a man should 
have a right to do as he pleases. The fact is that drunk- 
enness while "off duty" militates against efficiency while 
"on actual duty," rendering the position of the strikers 
altogether indefensible. No man, who has the highest 
interests of himself and others at heart, can afford to in- 
dulge his unlawful appetites to any extent whatever, with- 
out reaping the never-failing penalty that is sure to fol- 

Opium Issue Causes Friction. 

Owing to the stringent suppression of the sale of smok- 
ing opium in China, British opium merchants in Shanghai 
and Hongkong find themselves* saddled with large quan- 
tities of opium for which there is no possible sale. De- 
mands have been made by the British legation that the 
Chinese Government remunerate these dealers for their 
alleged losses, which the authorities have refused to do. 
The Chinese, very properly, point to the Chinese-British 
treaty of 1911, which empowers them to enforce anti- 
opium laws, and provides for the-ultimate suppression of 
the entire traffic. Whether Great Britain, in the conscious- 
ness of her power, will insist on compliance with her 
demands, remains to be seen. It is humiliating to western 
nations, however, to think that a country, professedly 
Christian, should insist upon a reimbursement of losses 
that are clearly the result of an unwise speculation on the 
part of her dealers. Surely, the greed for gain leads peo- 
ple into some peculiar straits, and often induces them to 
make very unjust demands, in open defiance of right and 

The Real Source of National Greatness. 
In these days, when the incessant clamor for additional 
military equipment, including three more "dreadnoughts." 
is in evidence on all sides, it is refreshing indeed to learn 
that there are defenders of the "meek and quiet spirit" 
also. When recently, Mr. James I. Hill, the railroad 
magnate, was present at the dedication of a new college 
building at Warren, Minn., towards which he had do- 
nated $50,000, he expressed himself in no uncertain lan- 
guage regarding the great value of Bible knowledge as 
an educational factor in the prosperity of every citizen. 
He adduced a number of reasons why Christian principles 
should he emphasized in the public schools of our land, 
and should serve in the adjustment of any possible differ- 
ences, — international as well as those of less magnitude. 
His address closed with these ringing words: "No nation 
can exist without a true Christ-spirit behind it, and laws 
that forbid teaching Christianity arc the weakest things 
in our Government. I hope to see the Decalogue in 
every school-room." These arc words of sober thought, 
well worthy of our most earnest attention. As suggested 
by Solomon of old, "Righteousness cxalteth a nation, but 
sin is a reproach to any people," so the closer we, as a 
nation, approximate to the teachings of the Bible and 
the "Prince of Peace," the greater will be our growth in 
the things really worth while, and the greater our true 


The Grind of Modern Industrialism. 
There was a time when zealous devotees of India's gods 
would willingly cast themselves beneath the wheels of the 
huge "Juggernaut" car, to be crushed into a shapeless 
mass, — all to show their intense loyalty to the gods whose 
favor they thus hoped to gain. Modern industrialism, 
too, has its victims, who, for the sake of the wages to be 
gained, are compelled to submit to the grind of the mod- 
ern "Juggernaut" that crushes out ol life all that is best. 
Dr. Max Schlcpp, of New York, in charge of the newly- 
established "department for the Study of Defective Chil- 
dren," assures us that the large number of feeble-minded 
children today is a direct result of the overwork and over- 
strain to which the mothers arc subjected in the factories. 
He claims that ten years in such places ruin a woman 
for marriage, physically and mentally. These statements 
are true, without the least question, but what is being 
done to remedy existing conditions? The legislative 
bodies of our various States arc remarkably quiet about 
any measure that would insure better conditions, and it 
would seem that the rank and file of the people will have 
to take the initiative in bringing about conditions by 
which women toilers are given an opportunity to earn a 
living without the costly sacrifice of health, strength and 
even life itself, now being exacted. Industrialism is an 
important factor of modern life, but neither the law of 
God nor man legalizes the deplorable sacrifice so fre- 
quently demanded. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 


v thyself approved un 
:ish.iTiiLil, ritllUly dl 

o fiod. a workman that nccdcth 
I the Word of Truth 

The New Year Chance. 

Selected by Paul Kobert Miller. Brooklyn. N. T. 
They do me wrong, who say I come no more 

When once I knock and fail to find you in; 
For every morn I stand outside your door 

And bid you wake, and rise to fight and win. 
Wail not (or precious chances passed away, • 

Weep not for golden ages on the wane! 
Each night 1 burn the records of the day— 

At sunrise every soul is born again! 
Dost thou behold thy lost youth all as past? 

Dost reel from righteous Retribution's blow? 
Turn then, from blotted archives of the past 

And find the future's pages white as snow. 
Art thou a mourner? Rouse thee from thy spell; 

Art thou a sinner? Sins may be forgiven; 
Each morning gives thee wings to flee from hell, 

Christ's church a star, to guide thy soul to heaven. 
Laugh like a boy at splendors that have sped, 

To vanished joys be blind and deaf and dumb; 
Let Repentance seal the dead past, with its dead. 

But hail and grasp every moment yet to cornel 
Though deep in mire, wring not your hands and weep; 

Christ lends his arm to all who say, "I can!" 
No side-tracked brother ever sank so deep 

But yet might rise and be again a man 1 

Death and the Future State. 


In the April issue of People's Pulpit, a Watch 
Tower publication, in a sermon on " Where Are the 
Dead?" are found these words: " In Eden it was God 
who declared, ' Ye shall surely die.' It was Satan 
who declared, ' Ye shall not surely die.' Notice, that 
the heathen, as well as the Christians, have accepted 
Satan's lie and have, correspondingly, rejected God's 
truth. Do they not all agree with the serpent's state- 
ment, 'Ye shall not surely die'? Do they not all 
claim that the dead are alive,— much more alive than 
before they died?" This, with similar statements in 
the sermon, was intended as a severe criticism of 
Christians who believe there is a principle, a part of 
man that never dies as the body does, and I am re- 
quested to write on the subject. 

" Note well the mistake made in assuming eternal 
torment, the wages of original sin, when the Scriptures 
explicitly declare that ' the wages of sin is death,' — 
not eternal torment." 

True, eternal torment is not the wages of original 
sin, for Christ took that sin away when he died on 
the cross (John 1 : 29), but that, by no means, proves 
that the penalty for one's own individual sins may 
not be eternal torment. 

Again, we do not believe Satan's lie further than 
it pertains to the spiritual part of man. Now hear 
Jesus; "Whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall 
never die. Believest thou this" (John 11: 26)? Is 
that Satan's lie or God's truth? Jesus asks if we be- 
lieve it. Yes, I do, but the Watch Tower calls it 
Satan's lie. True, the " wages of original sin is 
death," but the wages of individual sin, on the other 
hand, is the second death, whatever that may be. 

" If the penalty against us had been eternal torment, 
our redemption from it would have cost our Lord that 
price. He would have been obliged to suffer eternal 
torment." This does not follow, for if it did, since 
the penalty for sin is the second death, then Jesus 
must have suffered the second death for us. The 
deception here is in not discriminating between origin- 
al sin (Adam's sin) and individual personal sin. The 
former brought death from Adam to Moses (Rom. 
5 : 14) . Then, some brought death upon themselves 
by disobedience (Heb. 10: 28). But death, — physical 
death, — passed upon all men in consequence of 
Adam's sin (Rom. 5: 12), and so "it is appointed 
unto man once to die" (Heb. 9: 27). But all those 
who live in sin will die the second death, which has 
not been appointed to any one, only as he brings it 
upon himself by sin. 

Of Jairus' daughter it was said: " He took her by 
the hand and called, Maid, arise. And her spirit 
came again" (Luke 8: 54,- 55). Where had her 
spirit been? Was it dead? " The spirit shall return 
unto God who gave it" (Eccles. 12: 7). Then, does 
it die? Did Gbd say it would die, and did Satan say 
it would not? 

It is willful misrepresentation to charge that we 
believe Satan's lie, when we believe the spirit of man 
never dies. Satan never said the spirit would not 
die, and God never said that it would die as the body 
does. Again, "The dead know not anything" 
(Eccles. 9: 5). "-His sons come to honor, and he 
knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he 
perceiveth it not of them" (Job 14: 21). This may 
all be truly said of the body, but not of the spirit — 
the " inner man." 

" It is the Scriptures that tell us where the dead 
are, and their condition: that they are experiencing 
neither joy nor sorrow, pleasure nor suffering." But 
why not cite those scriptures? Jesus said to the peni- 
tent thief: "Today thou shalt be with me in Par- 
adise" (Luke 23: 43). Is not paradise a place of 
joy and pleasure? The tree of life is in the midst 
of the Paradise of God (Rev. 2: 7). Is there no joy 
or pleasure about that tree? Or is there more than 
one Paradise? Paul said, in 2 Cor. 5: 6-8, "Whilst 
we are at home in the body, we are absent from the 
Lord." We are "willing rather to be absent from 
the body, and to be present with the Lord." Did 
Paul think, when his spirit was absent from the body 
in death, he would be with the Lord and yet experi- 
ence no joy or pleasure? Again Paul says: "For I 
am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, 
and to be with Christ, which is far better (Why 
better, if we experience neither joy nor pleasure?) : 
nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for 
you" (Philpp. 1: 23, 24). Did Paul mean to say 
when he departed, died, he— his spirit— would die 
with the body, and while he would be dead, he would 
nevertheless be with Christ, not experiencing either 
joy or pleasure? What would Jesus want with a 
dead body in his presence? Or was Paul mistaken 
about this, and is the Watch Tower right? 

Failing to recognize the Bible distinction between 
body and spirit,— outward and inward man,— by the 
Watch Tower, is where all the confusion arises on 
this subject. Jesus said, in John 8: 51, "If a man 
keep my word, he shall never see death." Is that 
also one of Satan's lies? Or did not Jesus know? 
Now, we know the body dies, and unless man has 
a spirit in him that never dies, Jesus told the untruth. 
But we prefer to accept Jesus' statement, the Watch 
Tower to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

Another very great error of this whole Watch 
Tower system of teaching is, that a man can not do 
enough fheanness in this life to land him in hell. 
Listen, " Thus the more mean and more wicked a 
man or woman may be, the greater will be his or her 
disadvantage in the resurrection time, and the more 
he will then have to overcome, to get back to all that 
•was lost in Adam and redeemed by Christ." That 
is, they can be as mean as the devil may want them 
to be here, and in the resurrection (millennium) 
time God will give, them a chance to " rise up, up, up 
out of present degradation, mental, moral, physical." 
If this theory, that man will be given a chance 
after death to work his way back to God, to regain 
what was lost in Adam, be true, then Christ's redemp- 
tion was a farce. If it be not true that Christ " suf- 
fered for our sins, the just for the unjust, that he 
"might bring us to God" (1 Peter 3: 18), then his 
suffering was a farce, a tragedy for which there could 
be no possible excuse. 

This whole system of teaching bars the merit of 
Christ in our final salvation. It teaches that all will 
be resurrected because Christ died to redeem us from 
death, but no matter how mean and wicked he may 
be in this life, if he will just behave nicely during the 
millennium, he will come out all right in the end, and 
all the part Christ will have played, will be in raising 
him from the dead, and giving him then a chance to 
be saved on his good behavior during the millennium, 
the most absolute salvation by works doctrine now in 

existence. There is hardly a redeeming feature about 
the whole system, and it is evidently doing much harm 
in the world, by indulging sin in the vain hope of 
future probation, and no teaching could well be more 
pleasing to his Satanic majesty I 
River Bend, Colo. 

The Boy Problem. 


[Extracts from an Address Delivered Before the MinLsterium 
at Philadelphia. Pa.. Oct. 21. 1912.] 

There are several reasons why, what we consider 
as " The Boy Problem," exists. Chief among the 
things, influencing the life of the boy, may be put 
down, briefly, such forces as hereditary and parental 
influences, environments, associations; and last but not 
least, parental training. 

First the boy has back of him his physical nature, 
and as an hereditary endowment, contributing to it, — 
characteristics common to all boys, — are inborn 
inclinations inherited from a remote ancestry. 
He is the descendant of an ancestry not born or bred 
under present civilized conditions. Remove i what 
mankind has added to it by civilization, and the boy 
would be born as were his barbarous ancient an- 
cestors. This accounts for much of the boy's wild 
and barbarous propensities, his desire tartlestroy, to 
play the Indian, and to exhibit a delight in those 
things rather than in things of refinement and cul- 

We can not wholly set aside the theory of prenatal . 
influences. Too many are the evidences showing, at 
least in a physical way, the result of this influence. 
Birth-marks and deformities of many kinds attest it, 
but the extent to which it may affect the mental 
character and disposition, may not be so marked. 

Heredity acts much in humanity as it does in vege- 
tation. The wild flower, unaided by environment, 
tends to remaining a wild flower, but with the in- 
fluence of environment and cultivation, it develops 
into what the florist desires it to be. The associa- 
tions of the boy, the books he reads, the pictures he 
looks upon, the people with whom he mingles, — all 
leave their impress upon him and either aid or retard 
his proper development. 

The parental influence and training are too often 
sadly at fault. Much of the boy's training is left 
wholly to the public schools,— his method of think- 
ing as well as his trend of thought finds its initiative 
there. Then, again, where parental authority is ex- 
ercised, it is often injudiciously done. 

Before all these varied influences the boy stands the 
passive victim. The real problem, confronting- us, is. 
not so much the boy as it is how to develop in the 
boy proper, mature ways of thinking and doing, how 
to direct these ways, into right channels. Not that 
the boy should be made a man while he is yet a boy, 
but as he grows in years he grows into manly ways. 
We have accepted standards of right morally, — 
specifying what the boy shall do or not do religiously. 
We must train him for discipleship and, more, we 
must train him for membership in the church, in our 
church, the Church of the Brethren. I would say 
this the same way if I were a Baptist or a Lutheran, 
for if I believe in the doctrine of the church to which 
I belong, I want my children also to believe in it, 
and to be in that church. It is not too narrow or 
too sectarian to exclude all others', when it comes to 
training our children for membership in the Chris- 
tian church. 

The minister's work in the " Boy Problem " is not 
so directly with the boy as it is with the avenues 
through which the boy is influenced. First of all he 
should teach the parents. Parents are more often 
ignorant than careless. They often fail to recognize 
the pernicious influence that is working out the des- 
tiny of their boy. Then, in later years when it is 
too late, they waken up to find their children out of 
church relationship, or members of some other 
church, and then they wonder how it all happened. 
It takes no prophet to see the future of the church. 
All you need is to look at it now. Look in upon the 
Sunday-school and see the parents, — most all of 
them, — at home. Then look an hour later and see 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 

the parents in the church service and the children, — 
well, at least, they are not there. It is but a step more 
and the parents are in their graves, and the chil- 
dren, — well they, at least, are not in the church, and 
why not? Because their training ended with the 
Sunday-school, and that training was not sufficient 
to fit them for membership in a church whose services 
they seldom attended. 

But the minister should go farther in the solution 
of this "Boy Problem." He should teach the com- 
munity at large in morals, making right things pop- 
ular. He should teach as. to moral customs in dress, 
as to character of entertainments and amusements, 
as to wholesome environments, pictures in public and 
private places, literature in public and private libra- 
ries. His-teaching of religion should make it more 
popular, showing its wholesome and uplifting in- 

He should teach his church members the funda- 
mental doctrines of the church, showing the absolute 
necessity of possessing them. He should teach great- 
er respect for the church by pointing out its influence 
and usefulness. He should teach greater loyalty, i.e., 
devotion to and willingness to work for it, by showing 
what can be done by so doing. 

All this and much more should be done as ne- 
cessity requires or opportunity affords, so as to create 
such an atmosphere of incentive and environment in- 
to which the boy goes, as into an irresistible influence 
that will mould and shape his character, developing 
fight ways of thinking and doing, fitting him to oc- 
cupy the most honored place among his fellow-men, 
viz., membership in the household of faith. 
Royersford, Pa. 

At the Threshold of a Cell. 


Have you ever heard of a minister of the Church 
of the Brethren being put into prison? In all my ex- 
perience with the church T never did. I do not say 
there were none, but that I never heard of any. 
However, I have read of repeated imprisonments 
among the ministry of the early apostolic church, 
and, probably, I am safe in saying that I am the first 
minister, at least of modern times, to be enclosed 
within the walls of a prison in a city wherein some of 
the early Christians, and perhaps even Paul, at one 
time, endured imprisonment.* 

In modern times it is considered a disgrace to be 
placed in prison, and, indeed, if tire cause for in- 
carceration is the committal of some misdemeanor, it 
is a shame for any Christian to be found in such a 
place, but if, like Paul, we are chastised for doing 
good,' then we can well " glory in these light afflictions 
which work "for us a more eternal weight of glory." 

As I stated in my former communication, I had 
taken pity on a group of American Armenians whom 
I found on the streets of Piraeus, one evening, try- 
ing to make a purchase. The vendor did not know 
English and these men did not understand Greek, 
so, when they saw me, they asked me to help them 
out by talking Greek for them. I consented and as 
we were about through, a policeman came along and 
asked us to accompany him to the police station. 
These were war times, when Greece was suspicious 
of everybody. At the police station they searched 
the men, then asked them a few questions, and 
ordered all of us imprisoned. 

To this I objected, saying that I am an American 
citizen, and that they have no right to imprison me 
without the consent of my consul. I pulled out my 
passport, but they could not read English. How could 
I prove to them that this is a passport, and that I am 
the rightful owner of it? 

It is S P. -M. The nearest political representative 
of the United States is at Athens, six miles away. 
I could not prove my identity, so they proposed to 
imprison me with the rest of the men, who did not 
have American citizenship. 

I plead and begged that, since I had a mother and 


•Our brother, at the time of his wrltlns. did not, of course, 
recall the history of some of our early ministers, who were 
imprisoned in Germany, and a dozen or more who. in later 
years, were placed in prison at different times during the late 
war between the North and the South. — Ed. 

two sisters at the hotel, they allow me to go and in- 
form them of what had happened, and I would return 
to prison with the policeman who accompanied mc. 
But no, they would not hear to that. Then I asked 
them to let me write a note and pay them for taking 
it to my folks, but it was no use ; f might as well have 
saved my breath. A burly policeman pushed me 
along with the rest of the men, and in the darkness of 
the night we found ourselves at the entrance of a 
dungeon, from the other end of which the glimmering 
light of a candle was feebly trying to dispel the 
dense obscurity of this subterranean vault. Another 
push and we were inside. The key turned in the lock, 
the bolts were pushed into place, and for the first 
time in my life I was imprisoned in a cell. 

As I passed through the front chamber of this 
prison, the smell of human excreta was so strong that 
I had to hold my nose shut. There being no other 
place for attending to nature's calls, for weeks, the 
prisoners had been using the front compartment of 
their cell for this purpose, and the stench emanating 
from it was beyond description. I soon pulled out 
some newspapers from my pocket and lit one end of 
them from the candle which was burning in the inner 
compartment, so that the smoke and smell of burning 
• papers might, to a certain extent, counteract the 
stencil coming from the front room. This ameliorated 
the existing condition, until we gradually began to 
become accustomed to the stench. 

On looking about me I found that my fellow- 
prisoners consisted of three Greek priests, one Ar- 
menian merchant, one old beggar and a young tramp. 
The priests, being from Syria, were Greeks by nation- 
ality but could not speak the Greek language, as they 
speak Kurdish in their country. They told me that 
they were in Greece, trying to solicit funds from their 
fellow-believers for the erection of a church in Syria, 
but that the Greek Government suspected them of 
being spies, sent over by Turkey, so they put them in- 
to prison until they could prove their innocence. 

The merchant was an Armenian who had lived in 
Piraeus for eighteen- years, and had become a subject 
and citizen of Greece, lo, these many years, but as 
he was formerly from Turkey, they feared that he 
might be a tool of the Turkish Government, hence he 
was given orders to exile himself out of the country 
until the war was over, and for fear he might com- 
municate with others, they had imprisoned him until 
the ship that would take him away should arrive. The 
other two being of the tramp character, were put in- 
to jail to keep them out of mischief. 

I looked around the room to find a place to sit 
down but I found that all we had was the bare floor 
and that it consisted of rock, for the ground was 
paved with flagstones. The dimensions of this inner 
compartment were twelve by fifteen feet, and in it 
there now were eleven souls. The four American 
Armenians had been put in the same cell. The walls 
of the cell were of stone, and they were built two 
feet thick. It had a vaulted ceiling, at one end of 
which was a small window, barred with heavy iron 
rods. The night was cold, the walls were damp, and 
having taken no overcoat with me, I was chilly. To sit 
down in that filth was disgusting and to stand up was 
tiresome, so I began walking about the room. Another 
condition that made me prefer that form of exercise 
was the mental anguish I was enduring, on account 
of the worry which my mother would undergo over 
~my disappearance. Imagine being in a strange city 
with your son and he going out for a walk in the 
evening and not returning. As they told me, later 
on, mother wept bitterly and begged tile hotelkeeper 
to find me, but he did not know where I was. He 
tried to comfort her by saying that perhaps I had 
met some friends and went with them to some place 
of amusement, but mother replied that she knew I 
would not do such a thing. The hours went by. Eight 
o'clock became nine and nine became ten, and, finally 
succumbing to the pleadings of my mother, the hotel- 
keeper went out with my .sisters to hunt me. But 
when they returned at midnight, they had to report 
that they had found no trace of me. This made 
mother frantic. She paced the floor and spent the 
rest of the night in weeping and wailing. 

In the morning the search was resumed and finally, 
about nine o'clock, they found me in my cell. At first 
the walking helped to keep me from suffering from 
the cold, but gradually it grew colder, until I had to 
rub my arms and legs to keep up my circulation. 

In order to keep from being robbed by my fellow- 
prisoners, I asked that more candles be given us, so 
that we might have light all through the night. But 
I was informed that we had to furnish our own can- 
dles if we wanted light, and that the candle which_ 
was then burning, was furnished by one of the pris- 
oners. So I called the keeper of the prison, and, on 
paying him liberally, he gave us candles enough lo 
last us until morning. I also had him bring us some 
incense, so that we could occasionally burn it, and 
counteract the stench of the front compartment. But 
in spite of all the incense I could burn, the stencil 
was fierce, and by the time If was daylight, I could 
bear it no longer, so. I called the prison-keeper again, 
and offering him big pay, asked him to have that part 
of our cell cleaned. After getting me to raise my 
offer to a higher figure, he consented to have it done 
and by the time my sisters arrived, the condition of 
our cell was more endurable. 

But it was now daylight and the girls had found 
me, so my hopes revived. I immediately wrote a note 
on the back of one of my calling cards, informing the 
American ambassador at Athens that I had been im- 
prisoned without having committed any offense, and 
directed the girls to first go and tell our mother that 
1 was alive and safe, and then to proceed to Athens 
to the American embassy. In a few hours the girls 
returned with a representative of our embassy. This 
man took my passport and after learning the details 
of my arrest, went to see the chief of police nf the 
city of Piraeus. He soon returned from him without 
having received any satisfaction, but he told me not 
to worry, that I would be released without delay when 
the machinery of " Uncle Sam " was set to working. 
Although I had committed no misdemeanor and 
hence had no occasion to fear, still it being during 
the troublesome season of war, when the city was 
under martial law, I was somewhat discouraged, and 
the words of this representative of our beloved land 
of the stars and stripes, gave me much cheer. But 
I had many hours to wait yet! As I learned, later 
on, the ambassador called up the Minister' of Foreign 
Affairs, and he, in turn, called- up other officers, and 
by the lime they had gone the rounds and all the 
machinery of the judiciary set in motion, it was six 
o'clock in the evening before they released me. 

I had been in jail, and had been kept there twenty? 
two hours, and, oh, the horrors of those long hours ! 
The longest ones in all my life! I shall never for- 
get them. It was a rough experience, ami yet a 
valuable one. It was an uncoated bitter pill, a severe 
lesson, and yet it gave me a taste of what it means 
for the innocent to suffer. It made me realize, to a 
certain extent, what Paul, Peter and the rest suffered 
as accompaniments to their missionary work. 

There was great joy and thanksgiving in our rooms 
that evening. But mother was bedfast for days, and 
I was ill for several weeks. We both can show the 
scars left from that experience, but we are stronger 
spiritually for having had it. and we thank the Lord. 
Cmidia, Crete, Nov. 27. 

Our Prison Experience. 


Some years ago a friend and I concluded to pay a 
visit to one of the many prisons. I had several 
reasons for this strong desire. Two very prominent 
ones were, to see who was there, and to study the 
real conditions and the environments, so that I might 
be in a better position to warn others from the awful 
results of sin. 

After getting permission, and securing the proper 
official as a guide, we started. One of the first things 
that especially attracted our attention was the con- 
spicuous display of death-dealing weapons. These 
were prominent and at a convenient place, ready for 
use, should any of the inmates try to escape, or other- 
wise become unruly. The man in charge himself 
carried a weapon at a convenient place. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 


As we passed on we observed that everything was 
constructed for safety and security Those cod 
massive walls, with the immense steel doors, and the 
barred windows, high up in the walls, seemed to be 
a warning to those who are free, to beware of s.n 
and its results. Passing from place to place, our 
guide locked the heavy doors, that grated on their 
hinges, after us. As he turned those heavy locks, we 
were made to shudder. We fully realized that for 
the time being we were among those who were once 
free, once enjoying the open air and the beautifu 
sunshine. Many of these unfortunates were reared 
in »ood homes, some in Christian homes, but through 
disobedience to the laws of health, nature, of parents 
and of God, they had come to this end. We truly 
thought, " The way of the transgressor is hard. 

As we made our way from one cell to another, we 
tried to get in conversation with the inmates, but we 
found that those in the cells are not inclined to talk 
very much, more especially with strangers. General y 
they would shrink away from us, but it was plainly 
depicted on their countenance, that " a guilty con- 
science needs no accuser." 

Oh, the horror that must confront those people as 
they 'are confined to their respective cells, with 
scarcely a gleam of sunshine to cheer them, where 
friends seldom visit them, where they have an op- 
portunity to reflect upon their past evil life, their 
conscience all the while lashing them, so that, if in 
their power, many of them would end their miserable 

Finally we came to a young man who was in a 
somewhat talkative mood. He was yet young, scarce- 
ly out of his teens. After opening a conversation 
with him, we said, "This is certainly a hard lot for 
one so young as you." He said, " I know it is hard, 
but it is justice." Then he told us how he had been 
reared in a good home, but how he had disobeyed 
parents, how he started with a little sin, how it, 
at first, smote his conscience, but how he became 
hardened, and went from one degree of sin to an- 
other. He described how rapid the downward course 
was, and how it was right for the law to place him 
behind those bars. 

That was a scene we shall never forget! We 
wondered how many other parents have a dear boy 
out in sin, how many other young people are starting 
on the downward road, with possibly the same re- 
sults like this young man. Beware of the first little 

South English, Iowa. 

■ » ■ 

The Simple Life vs. the Mercenary Spirit. 


"Simple life" is a very elastic term, meaning 
much or little, as the user may desire, but in this 
series it means the proper life of the real Christian. 
Christian living means much more than mere imi- 
tation of Christ's example and formal obedience to 
his precepts. 

Through the incarnation and atonement God has 
come down to maii and become identified with him. 
"Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of 
flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of 
the same; that through death he might destroy him 
that hath the power of death, that is, the devil " (Heb. 
2 : 14) . In order to make possible a right life on the 
part of man, who had been wrecked by sin, God in 
Christ came down and became identified with man, not 
only to provide a proper model or example, but pre- 
eminently to give the dynamic, the ennobling power to 
do. The differentiating feature of the religion of 
Jesus Christ, is the giving of the power to do that 
which is required. All other religions do but mock 
man's impotency. They tell him much good to do, 
but leave him with the absolute inability to do. When 
Christ said to the man with a withered hand, " Stretch 
forth thine hand," he gave him the ability to do it. 
No doubt the man had tried many times before, but 
now a new dynamic entered his physical organism, 
which provided the vitalizing energy essential to ac- 

Likewise, when the man sick of the palsy was 
brought unto him, with his words, " Arise, take up 

thy bed and go thy way unto thine house," went the 
power to obey. On the other hand, there must be, 
on man's part, identification with God, in order that 
God might lead him to himself. The man must be 
made a partaker of the Divine nature. This he does 
in regeneration. By the sovereign act of the Holy 
Spirit he is born from above. By faith he appro- 
priates the efficacy of the atoning blood of the cross, 
and becomes identified with Christ in his death, burial 
and resurrection. This is symbolized in baptism. 

We therefore, see that the real Christian life is a 
community of life between the individual and God. 
The lines of God's life and man's crossed m the in- 
carnation of Christ. This crossing and union is aptly 
illustrated by Dr. Gordon. He tells of two saplings 
that grew side by side in his garden. One day they 
,„t crossed and their bark was broken, causing the 
intermingling of their lives. The weak sapling 
perished because the strong sapling had taken up its 
life into its own. " I and Christ grew side by side. 
My life was heavy with sin. One day the trees 
crossed the bark was wounded, the trees were united 
by faith, and the life of self and sin in me died, and 
the life of Christ grew until it was Christ who lived 
in me." 

Our Life as a Vapor. 


Our life, as a vapor, 

Is passing away, 
Our time it is hastening, 

And never can stay. 

So let us improve it 

By serving the Lord, 
By. e'er being faithful 

To him and his Word. 
And now as we've entered 

Another new year, 
Let us grow in God's service 

And live in his fear. 
—Selected by Sister Florence A. Fike. 
Rydal, Kans. 

When once this vital, living union is effected, the 
believer says, with Paul, " For me to live is Christ." 
The self life is no longer in control. He says, " I 
am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not 
I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now 
live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, 
who loved me, and gave himself for me" (Gal. 2: 

The mercenary spirit has no place in the life of the 
one who is living the proper life in Christ. By 
" mercenary spirit " is meant a life controlled by self- 
interest, having pecuniary advantage as its aim. This 
spirit is entirely foreign to Christ in every particular. 
His emptying himself of his essential glory and be- 
coming a servant,— even going to the cross, shows 
the principle which actuated his entire life. All who 
would live the simple or Christ life should exhibit 
this same spirit. 

God's identification with man meant sacrifice, — it 
meant the cross of Calvary to him. Man's identi- 
fication with God means sacrifice,— it means-the daily 
cross to him. It cost God very much to save man, — 
it cost man to live for God. God's salvation for man 
meant Gethsemane,— our life for God means suffer- 
ing. The denial of self and cross-bearing Christian- 
ity is not effeminate, but most intensely heroic and 
manly. If God thought it worth while to become 
identified with man, man ought to deem it a glorious 
privilege to become identified with God. If God 
considered it worthy of himself to let down his hand 
to us, we ought to put our hand gladly into his and 
allow him to use us in carrying forward his work in 
the world. We ought to feel honored that we can be 
".workers together with God." 

Identification with God should be the ambition of 
every one and the fruit of that relation will be: 

1. Love as the impelling motive of our obedience 
and service. Our lives will not be actuated by that 
sordid, low and legalistic motive which impels men to 

work for salvation, but that free, high and noble aim 
which glories in the privilege of spending and being 
spent in the service of a loving Father. The man 
who is depending upon his works for salvation, is 
possessed with a mercenary spirit. His motive in 
following Christ is a selfish one,— if he could get to 
heaven some other way which is easier, he would go 
that way. The simple life is the life of free, loving 
service for God, which is the expression of reciprocal 
love, and the highest joy. Any other life, though it 
required no sacrifice, would be hard. 

2. Altruism as the dominating spirit of the believer's 
relation to society and the state. The contention that 
the world owes him a living would be unknown to 
him. It will not be a question as to what personal 
benefits can he derive from society, but what can he 
contribute to the betterment of his fellow-men? He 
will not be seeking his own, but another's good. He 
will always be found serving, rather than being served. 
For Christ, whose name he bears, is the supreme ex- 
ample: "Even as the Son of man came not to be 
ministered unto but to minister and to give his life 
a ransom for many." To imitate Christ, then, in 
service to the humble, lowly and untaught of the 
earth will be his one controlling passion. This is the 
■ spirit of the true missionary at home and abroad. It 
is the spirit which enters into all benevolences which 
have God's approval and reward. Many, like the 
Pharisees, are sounding before them their trumpet,— 
they have their reward but not from God. 

3. A spirituality permeating and controlling his 
business life. To him the distinction between sacred 
and secular sinks out of sight. Everything, which Jus 
hands touch is sacred. " Holiness unto the Lord," is 
inscribed on all that he uses. It is high time that 
there be a revival along this line. Business should be 
free from the mercenary spirit. Business and religion 
should be truly wedded. Divorce here is fatal. God 
intended them to live in happy wedlock. Some men 
engage in business for the sake of making money. 
To them business is what Ruskin called " a great 
game " No higher aim actuates their activities than 
simply the making of a dollar, in order to make an- 
other dollar. Winning games is of no other value 
save to count. Many professing Christians spend 
their days and years, and waste their best energies in 
heaping up money with such sordid aims. To have 
money to look at, seems to do them good. Others 
engage in business simply to gratify the flesh— money 
of itself is of no value, but what it can buy,— fine 
houses, clothes, automobiles, high living, " globe trot- 
ting " etc. Still others, in order to provide comforts, 
etc ' for loved ones. This is very good but may be 
entirely selfish. The highest aim is that we might 
serve and glorify God in it all. It is God first,— our 
fellow-men afterward.- By making God first we will 
be looking to heaven while we serve on earth. By 
this means we enter into partnership with him. We 
are his stewards. When such a motive controls a 
man his office is just as sacred as the church. His 
activities through the weeks are as really acts of wor- 
ship for him as singing and praying on Sunday. 
When we thus work we can ask God to bless us in 
our business. The , farmer, merchant, professor, 
physician, should enter upon each day's duties by 
asking God's blessing upon him in their performance. 
Our main question, in regard to life's employment, 
should not be, What honor, favor or profit will accrue 
to me? but how can I best serve God and my fellows? 
It will be clearly seen from the foregoing that the 
simple life and the mercenary spirit are absolutely 
incompatible. If one is covetous, avaricious and 
mercenary, he is not living the life which Christ would 
have him to live. 
Lorisbnrg, Cal. 

Two Interesting Days at Liao Chou. 


Though we are about eighty miles or three days' 
travel from the railroad, about as far from Ping Ting 
Chou, and receiving and sending mail only twice a 
week, we have not felt much inconvenience by having 
such a " long lane," to keep in touch with the rest of 
you and the world. In fact, we have been so busy 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 

with the language, the repairing of our houses and the 
making of a little furniture, that we have had but 
little time to think of isolation, if such it is. A vision 
of the need here impels us on, and we are happy, 
hoping we can be of some use in this great field. 

The evening of Sept. 26 was an interesting one to 
us. It was the fifteenth day of the Chinese eighth 
month, and the moon was full. They have measured 
time by the lunar month for ages, — much as the Jews 
did, as recorded in the Old Testament. But since the 
republic has come into control, the foreign calendar 
has been adopted. Still, most of the people use their 
old way of counting time, and if we want to make 
ourselves clear, we -must translate our time into their 
lunar calendar. The new official, just appointed to 
the Liao Chcm district, used the new calendar at the 
. head of one of his first bulletins, and the old at the 
bottom. As the new officials want to be very loyal 
to the new regime, he was asked, by some of the re- 
tiring officials' men, where he happened to get the 
latter date. 

On the evening in question, their annual feast to the 
moon was observed. Every family shrine, as well as 
the rest of the gods, had incense burning before them, 
and many were honored with offerings of fruit or 
grain, or moon cakes and pies. In former days, when 
the people were a bit more religious, animals were 
often sacrificed. 

Early in the evening there was quite a stir. Bells 
were tolled, gongs were sounded, and various other 
sounds made, for part of the moon seemed to be 
vanishing. They made these noises to drive away the 
large wolf which, they suppose, was trying again to 
devour the moon. To us it was a beautiful partial . 
eclipse of the moon. As the eclipse began to wane, 
the noises gradually ceased. Think of a great nation 
at once worshiping the moon, and by their united 
efforts saving ( ?) it from annihilation ! Of course, 
Christianity is dispelling this ignorance, but when we 
hear of their leaders, supposedly Christian, still en- 
tering into their ancestral worship, as Dr. Sun Yat 
Sen did, on his visit to the tombs of the king at 
Nanking, last April, we sometimes wonder how long 
it will be till the mists will have been cleared away! 

The other day was the birthday of the republic, as 
far as Shansi is concerned. The outbreak at Tai 
Yuan Fu, Shansi's capital, was Oct. 28, ten days later 
than at Hankow, and that was the day observed here. 
Each province having its own day, is only another 
evidence that China is far from having a strong 
national spirit. The official of the Liao Chou dis- 
trict invited us to the yamen for the day's occasion. 
Songs were sung by the school-boys of the Govern- 
ment schools, and the soldiers stationed here. Obei- 
sance was made to a wooden tablet bearing the name 
of the leader of the band, sent from Liao Chou to 
Tai Yuan, to help break the power of the Manchus, 
and he was among those killed there. We wonder at 
their ignorance that they should worship the spirit of 
men, and. yet how much less is done in Christian 
countries, in memory of men who have served the 
nation well? 

Our purpose in going was realized when Bro. Hil- 
ton, Bro. Feng, and our language teacher were 
privileged to speak to the people gathered. It was a 
great opportunity fo witness for the true God and 
his Son, our Savior. Doubtless some heard the gospel 
story for the first time. Contrasts were made be- 
~ tween the present and 1900. They were shown how 
the missionaries have really helped China in de- 
velopment, and how most of the leaders of the re- 
public were Christian or trained by Christians. Their 
methods of government were contrasted with the 
Manchus. For example, the people have been asked 
to dispense with their queues. Had the old regime 
made the law, much of it would have been executed 
by force, whereas the present officials are trying to 
dispel their fears, that they may do it voluntarily. 
Some queue cutting has been done by force, but this 
is not the rule. They were told that the pennanence 
of their" republic depended on their trust and loyalty 
to the true God. The sins of the nation were also 
pointed out, and they also must be uprooted if the 
Chinese would be strong men. Among other things 

the present 

school system was given them by the 

One used a banner carried by the soldiers as a 
point of contact. It was a character meaning " obe- 
dience." Though liberty was granted to them by the 
new form of government, it could only be fully re- 
alized by obedience to the laws which their repre- 
sentatives would enact. That their children might 
become good citizens, they owed them as good an 
education as they could possibly give them. That 
they would become strong exponents for the right, 
they needed to learn the teachings of the Lord Jesus 

The official followed in words of hearty approval, 
urging the people to send their children to school. 
Some are kept out, for fear of losing their queues. 
He showed them its relation to the old dynasty, and 
then spoke of the uncomeliness of the queue. He 
then referred to the awful curse of the opium habit, 
and how the missionaries had befriended them in 
helping them to get rid of it. 

We are glad that the apathy, so prevalent formerly, 
is changed into welcoming the missionary. Will you 
not pray for us that we may, indeed, lead these be- 
nighted people into the larger liberties of the king- 
dom of Jesus Christ? 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China, Nov. 24. 

Our Next Annual Conference. 

Chairman of Committee of Arrangements. 

At the District Meeting of Northern Illinois and 
Wisconsin, held in Mount Morris, in 1911, the fol- 
lowing action was taken : 

"The Polo church asks District Meeting of Northern 
Illinois and Wisconsin to arrange with the Southern Dis- 
trict of Illinois, the three Districts of Indiana, the three 
Districts of Ohio, and the District of Michigan to hold 
the Annual Conference of the Church of the Brethren 
at some central point, such as Winona Lake, Ind., when- 
ever the Conference is to be held within the territory of 
these Districts. 

"The Committee of Arrangements shall consist of one 
member elected from each of these Districts. The Com- 
mittee shall have full power as to its own organization 
and work and shall report in full all finances to the sev- 
eral Districts. AH work of the Committee shall be in 
harmony with the rules and instructions from the Con- 
ference. Should there be a deficit, it shall be apportioned 
among and paid by these Districts in proportion to their 
several memberships. 

"Whenever five of these nine Districts shall agree to 
this plan it shall become operative, provided that the 
Northern District of Indiana is one of these five, and, 
provided further, that such Districts as do not see their 
way to enter into this arrangement shall not be deprived 
of having the Conference should they so desire. 

"We further ask that the District Meeting of Northern 
Illinois and Wisconsin appoint a Committee of three to 
negotiate with the other Districts and bring about the 
arrangements if possible. 

"Petition granted. Committee appointed by 
Meeting: Elders I. B. Trout,' John Heckman, D. 

On the strength of this action the committee ap- 
pointed conferred with all the State Districts of the 
Middle Conference District, comprising the States be- 
tween the Ohio and the Mississippi Rivers. The 
result was that every District entered into the coro- 
pact proposed by Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. 

The Annual Conference, held in the city of York, 
Pa., granted the Annual Conference for 1913 to 
Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, with the under- 
standing that the meeting be held at Winona Lake, 
Indiana, where it was held in 1910. 

According to the agreement, as given above, each 
State District appointed a member of the Committee 
of Arrangements, with the exception of Southern 
Illinois, which failed to make such an appointment. 
The Committee of Arrangements is made up as 
follows: J. Edson Ulery, Michigan, Onekama, Mich.; 
Tames Murray, Northeastern Ohio. Sterling, Ohio; 
G. A. Snider, Northwestern Ohio, Lima, Ohio ; Davki 
Hollinger, Southern Ohio, Greenville, Ohio; I 
Hoover, Southern Indiana, Middletown, Ind. 
Fisher. Middle Indiana, Mexico, Ind.; Henry 
Wysong, Northern Indiana, Nappanee, Ind.; and 1. 

B. Trout, Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, Lanark 
or Elgin, 111. 

This committee held its first meeting at Winona 
Lake, Ind., on Dec. 19, 1912, at which time the fol- 
lowing organization was effected: I. B. Trout, Chair- 
man; Henry Wysong, Secretary; G. A. Snider, As- 
sistant Secretary ; Frank Fisher, Treasurer. 

The regular time for the Conference, according to 
the rule, would be on Tuesday, May 13, 1913. This 
date seemed too early, for several reasons, to the 
Committee, hence the date was set for Tuesday, June 
3, as the most suitable time, all things considered. 
We believe that this date will accommodate the 
largest number of persons. 

The matter of lodging and feeding the people was 
considered, and committees of three each were ap- 
pointed for these duties. A fuller explanation of 
this will be gjven in the Gospel Messenger as soon 
as the plans are matured. 

We found that the residents of Winona Lake, and 
the management of the Winona Assembly are looking 
forward to this Conference, expecting it to be a time 
of great spiritual uplift, and it is the purpose of our 
Committee to endeavor to make the meeting one of 
the best we have ever had. In order that this may 
be done, the Committee desires the cooperation of 
every one interested in the welfare of the church and 
in the glory of God. We are willing to listen to any 
one who may have a suggestion to offer us, with 
reference to any phase of our duty, concerning the 
management of the meeting. We may not be able 
to act according to all the suggestions and advice 
received, but we will try lo do the best when all 
things are considered. Your suggestions and requests 
may be mailed to the Chairman or the Secretary of 
the Committee, or to any other member of the Com- 
mittee, as you may prefer. 

One of the most important actions of the Com- 
mittee was the granting, to the General Sunday-school 
Board, the privilege of conducting a Sunday-school 
and Bible Institute of a week or more, immediately 
following the Conference. We name this in order 
that our Sunday-school workers will plan to attend 
this Institute. 

D. Cul- 


How Readest Thou? 


Some read the Bible n order to know, more fully, 
their duly to God and man. Others read to be ready 
for argument. The lawyer, mentioned in Luke 10: 
26, read to tempt the Savior by asking a question. 
The lawyer was willing lo justify himself by saying: 
"Who is my neighbor?" This, was a strange ques- 
tion to ask, especially by a lawyer. This was done to 
entangle Jesus in his talk, more than for Bible knowl- 
edge. The Savior gave a parable, to explain to the 
lawyer his. duty towards his neighbors. Lawyers of 
today are anxious to entangle men, if an opportunity 
presents itself. Not only lawyers, but infidels have 
a delight to confuse Bible readers. 

While on my way to Santa Catalina Island, in the 
Pacific Ocean, a man on the vessel saw me. He 
wished to know if 1 was a professor of religion. I 
told him I was, anil a strong believer in (he Bible. 
He, with a grin on his face, said: " I treat the Bible 
as I would any other book— only as a history of 
some smart man." lie asked me if I believed the 
" Big Fish Story of Jonah." I said : " Most certainly, 
I do." He said he had been on the Pacific Coast 
many years, had seen many whales, but had never 
seen one large enough to swallow a man. He made 
fun of the whole story, and said he could never be- 
lieve such an incredible story as Jonah being swal- 
lowed by a whale. 

I saw that he wanted to entangle me in " The Big 
Fish Story," as he called it. 1 asked him if he ever 
read the Bible. He said he did. I asked him if he 
read Jonah 1: 17, as follows: "Now the Lord had 
prepared a great fish lo swallow up Jonah." This 
was a special fish to swallow Jonah. There was no 
other fish in the sea like that one. I asked him how 
deep the waters were where we were sailing at the 
time. He said :" Two hundred feet." I told him if 

(Concluded on Page 12.) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 

■'"-"■--"- — „ In order to complete' a full set of files, we would 

The Gospel Messenger be p^ * se CUr e ««« »f »». u, « .« 1 « of 

1 Messenger for 1912. Those willing to part with 

these issues will please let us hear from them. 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 

16 TO 21 South State Street, Elgin, Illinois. 


— > - - Orffi W. , H^Moo^ L ^ p , atc 

Cor»«pondine rflltora. 

H. B. Brumbaush ^Zn"lTl vt 

H. C. Early .7. . .Omaja, Cuba. 

Grant Maton, f . ^ . ^^ ■ £ E ^^ 

Advisory committee. 
S. N. McCann, G. w. Lentz, P. R. Keltner. 

With a view of getting as many papers as possible 
mailed before New Year, we go to press with this 
issue on Monday at noon. A number of reports 
from the churches must be held over until next week. 

Bro. T. H. Fike, of Middlebury, Ind., who is now 
ill the school-room, is arranging to devote May, June, 
July and August to evangelistic work,, and will be 
pleased to communicate with those desiring his serv- 

and not to any Individual connected with it. 

The queries intended for the Winona Conference 
will be published insi de of a few w eeks. 

Durlng a series of meetings at Milford, Ind., eight 
were recently added to the church. 

The late revival at Elkhart, Ind., closed with six 
entering the church, and two awaiting the rite of 

A revival at Garrison, Iowa, Bro. John Burton 
doing the preaching, closed Dee. 21, with fifteen con- 

versions. . . 

The address of Bro F. D. Anthony is changed 
from Waynesboro, Pa„ to 852 Thirty-seventh Street, 
Baltimore, Md. 

Bro J. A. Wright preached twenty sermons in 
the Guernsey house, Monticello, Ind., and seven came 
out on the Lord's side. 

An interesting revival meeting was held in the 
Chiques congregation, Pa., by Bro. Thomas Patrick, 
and six applied for membership. 

A series of meetings was held at Buena Vista, Va„ 
and eight were added to the church, Brethren S. G. 
Greyer and S. I. Flory doing the preaching. 

Bro. J. J. Scrogum, who has been soliciting in Indi- 
ana, in the interest of the Denver Mission School, gave 
us a short call on his way to his home at Fairfield, 


Before returning to his home at North Manchester, 
Ind., Bro. Jacob W. Rarick called at the Messenger 
sanctum, and we spent an hour together very pleasant- 

Eighteen addresses were delivered at Ephrata, Pa., 

by Bro. A. P. Snader, of New Windsor, Md., and as 
the fruits of the labors put forth six were added to 

the church. — - 

Our correspondent at Pioneer, Ohio, reports a 
series of meetings by Bro. Geo. L. Studebaker, at 
that place, with eleven baptized and one restored to 

This week Bro. D. L. Miller starts to Daleville, 
Va., and while in the State will deliver a number of 
addresses on " Church History," " Church Govern- 
ment," and kindred subjects. 

We were favored with a short call by Bro. Jacob 
Heller, of Decatur, Ind. He has been reading the 
Messenger a number of years, but this was his first 
visit to the House. 

Bro. F. E. McCune, of Princeton, Kans., ac- 
companied by a young Brother Witmore, of Iowa, 
called at the House a few days ago. They were on 
their way to Chicago, to attend Bethany Bible School. 

One of our evangelists, who gets around among 
the churches a good deal, says : " When I get into a 
church where the elder has been active in working 
the Messencer into the homes of his members, I am 
sure to find a live and active congregation. But 
when I reach a church where one seldom sees the 
church paper, then we find just the reverse. At such 
places one seldom finds real good working members." 

The revival at Morrill, Kans., with Bro. William 
Lampin conducting the services, proved to be a most 
fruitful meeting. Thirty-three were baptized and 
added to the church, and one was restored to fellow- 

We are asked to state that the feast at Zion, Fla., 
announced for Jan. 7, is near Phelps Railroad Station, 
Herndon being the postoffice. Those interested can 
communicate with Bro. J. H. McKillips, Herndon. 
He lives at the railroad station named above. 

We are glad to note that a number of churches 
are appropriating money to have the Messenger sent 
to their neighbors and others. 'There is no more ef- 
fectual way of doing mission work in this country, 
and the churches spending money for this purpose 
are certain to realize most satisfactory results. 

We take this method of thanking our friends for 
their greetings of the season. We would be pleased 
to write each one, but on account of their number 
this is hardly practicable. It is certainly encouraging 
to be kindly remembered by those whom we have 
served, in the editorial capacity, for so many years. 

Bro. T. R. Coffman, who has been the pastor of 
the Parkerford church for the past nine years, has 
accepted a call to the Pittsburgh church, and will be- 
gin work in his new field of labor sometime in 
February. After March 1 his address will be Green- 
field Avenue and Montclair Streets, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

In the Round Table Department, under the head- 
ing, "What a Little Lard Did," Bro. Sell mentions 
a little incident that will be recalled by some of our 
older readers. There are hundreds of other inci- 
dents that, if written up, would make interesting 
reading. Why not favor us with more of this kind 
of matter for the Round Table? 

On page five, this issue, Bro. I. B. Trout has 
something to say regarding the business, recently 
transacted by the Committee of Arrangements for 
the Winona Lake Conference. The committee is 
looking for a large attendance, and feel confident that 
ample accommodations can be provided for every- 
body wishing to enjoy the meeting. 

For next issue we have a good article on Russell- 
ism, by Bro. W. B. Stover, that will fill nearly two 
pages, and is sure to attract considerable attention. 
There is perhaps no one in this country who is doing 
more to unsettle the minds of people than Mr. Rus- 
sell. In his article Bro. Stover has much to say about 
his way of doing things, as well as about the things 

he does. — 

Bro. J. C. Funderdurgh, who has an orange grove 
at Eustis, Fla., one of the most favored sections of 
the Sunny South, was kind and thoughtful enough, 
to have a box of delicious oranges delivered at your 
office editor's door the day before Christmas. Acts 
of this sort make one feel like hying away to the 
genial clime, " where snows never come and the long 
summer is given." 

Now, since the long evenings afford splendid oppor- 
tunity for the holding of singing classes, let the lovers 
of song in each congregation make arrangements for 
efforts along that line. If you do not have an ample 
supply of "Kingdom Songs" or Hymnals, send an 
order to the House and we will give the matter our 
immediate attention. 

Bro. O. A. Fackler, of Erie, 111., called at the 
Messenger sanctum on Monday of this week, this 
being his first visit to our office. He was with us 
over Sunday, and gave two addresses,— one in the 
morning and the other in the evening. At the close 
of the morning address our Sunday-school officers 
and teachers for 1913 received their special instruc- 
tions and were installed. We have a good school, the 
attendance outnumbering the church membership 
almost two to one. In this respect ours is said to be 
the banner church of Elgin. 

The Brethren Teachers' Monthly, for January, 
calls attention to the Bethel Notebook Series, pre- 
pared to aid those who would secure a good under- 
standing of the Sunday-school lesson environments. 
The Notebook for the Old Testament History is be- 
fore us, and we observe that it contains a number of 
outline maps, along with directions for their use. 
There is also a brief outline of Old Testament History 
that will greatly aid the student in Sunday-school 
normal work. These aids are prepared by Bro. W. 
Carl Rarick, and published by the House. Price, 
fifteen cents per copy, or $1.52 per dozen. 

Baptized Months Baptized 
.:.... 469 October 623 

Accessions for 1912. 

In the way of accessions, the year 1912 has proved 
to be a very successful year for the Church of the 
Brethren. To Bro. Edgar M. Hoffer, of Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., we entrusted the task of keeping tab on 
the accessions reported in the Messenger, from week 
to week. The following is his report: 



February, 811 November Sol 

March, '. 558 December J!85 

A P ril *" Total 6,415 

Ma y „, Reclaimed during the 

June o-" ,_ 431 

July 397 year ' •■-■;■• 

August, . .'. 299 Total baptized and re- 
September ......448 claimed 6,836 

So far as we recall, this is the best showing for 
years, and over 1,000 better than for last year. Tak- 
ing the Brotherhood over, there were probably enough 
baptized and reclaimed,- and not reported, to bring the 
number of accessions up to 7,000. Reckoning our 
number at 90,000, and taking those baptized as a 
basis, we have an increase of over seven per cent. 
Some allowance, however, must be made for the loss 
caused by death and expulsion. For this we make 
a reduction of one-third, and this leaves a net gain 
of four and three-fourths per cent ; or, counting those 
reclaimed, a gam of nearly five and one-half per cent. 
Should the net gain continue, as reported for 1912, 
we ought to double our number in about twenty years. 
The report, as a whole, and as compared with pre- 
vious years, is encouraging. 

Judging from the pictures in the December issue 
of the Missionary Visitor which, by the way, is an 
Oklahoma number, it would appear that the churches 
in Oklahoma stand solid for the prayer-covering and 
simplicity in attire. The number also contains some 
interesting and valuable. reading. Our people in this 
part of the Brotherhood are wide-awake and in ear- 
nest about their religion. 

A Look Into 1913. 

While forgetting the things of the past, Paul's 
method was to reach forth to those things which were 
before. In a measure we do this every time we begin 
a new volume of the Messenger. Having finished 
the task assigned to us for 1912, we now enter upon 
the duties of another year. And while we may not 
be able to say in advance what is to be accomplished, 
still we have a purpose', and it is in the interest of 
this purpose that we are laboring. In the introduc- 
tion to the preceding volume we called attention to 
the^ importance of developing a higher order of 
spirituality in our services, and also to the necessity 
of developing our resources more fully. It was said 
that we are not getting the very best out of our 
people, nor are we accomplishing what we are capable 
of doing. But, leaving the suggestions made one 
year ago, we wish to call attention to another line of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 

However well a church may be rooted and 
grounded in New Testament doctrines and principles, 
there should be a steady growth. There should be 
a steady, upward move, with a view of attaining to 
a greater degree of efficiency. The very best that 
■we can do, in the way of growth and Christian at- 
tainments, will never be any too good for the cause 
we represent, hence the importance of having the 
highest possible aim. And in order that we may have 
something definite, we shall name a few points for 

While the ministerial problem is solving itself, we 
ought to plan for, a greater use of our ministers. All 
told, we have about 3,066 ministers, and at least two- 
thirds of them are capable of active and efficient 
work, but, aside from local regulations, we have no 
way of directfng this strong force. However, instead 
•of going to other denominations for plans, we sug- 
gest the wisdom of developing our own system until 
we succeed in formulating what we need. 

For local work we have elders, ministers and 
deacons. In most churches this official body is not 
organized for aggressive work, nor is it adjusted to 
the conditions brought about by the employment of 
pastors. It is a question in some congregations as to 
who is to govern, the elders or the pastor employed. 
In congregations where there are no resident elders, 
and the pastor himself is an elder, the problem prac- 
tically settles itself. But where the situation is the 
reverse, then there are conditions that must be reck- 
oned with. 

But what of the official board? In the time of the 

apostles there was, for each local congregation, an 
official board, composed of elders and deacons, or 
bishops and deacons. From the beginning of our 
work in this country this has been a prominent feature 
in the Church of the Brethren, and while it has been 
abused, in some localities, by the officials taking too 
much on themselves, it is quite evident that in some 
parts of the Brotherhood we are swinging to the 
other extreme, and are practically eliminating the 
board of officials. Having done this, everything in 
the way of church discipline and church management 
is left to the elder in charge, or to the pastor em- 
ployed. A similar policy, in all probability, led to the 
looseness, corruption and final downfall of the Seven 
Churches of Asia. It is the one-man policy, and has 
in it no greater strength, or no more wisdom and in- 
fluence than there happens to be in the one man, be 
he strong or weak, faithful or unfaithful, placed in 
charge of a given congregation. We feel confident 
that if we more fully develop what we have long con- 
ceived to "be the apostolic method, respecting the 
official boards of local churches, we will have solved 
practically every problem connected with local dis- 
cipline and local regulation. When properly organ- 
ized and trained, this board should constitute the 
balance wheel of each congregation. It should not 
attempt to rule the church, but through its elders and 
his assistants should help the church to care for itself 
and its interests. This board may serve as a safety 
committee in the selection and employment of pas- 
tors, so as to protect the congregation against unfaith- 
ful and inefficient pastors. So, instead of going else- 
where for a system by 'which to regulate certain parts 
of our church machinery, let us seek to develop what 
we have, and in the end we will find ourselves in 
possession of a system that has never yet been sur- 

With this part of our church machinery more effi- 
ciently developed, we shalll be in a position to utilize 
the eldership body of the District to better advantage. 
We believe that it is practicable to so organize the 
elders that they will serve every necessary purpose 
as a central force in a State District. This does not 
mean that the eldership of the District should ex- 
ercise disciplinary authority in the District, but as a 
central influence it should figure largely in seeing that 
every part of the District machinery is kept in motion. 
We feel confident that our churches are not getting 
out of this body the best there is in it, but this we can 
not expect until the system is more thoroughly dis- 
cussed and more fully developed. As we said con- 

cerning the local church regulations, we need not go to 
other religious bodies for a system. We need but to 
develop wisely what we already have. 

Another step in this development would be, in some 
way, to have the cogs of the District Mission Boards 
fit into the cogs of the General Mission Board, and 
we could then look for aggressive mission work all 
along the line. The plan creating the District Boards 
is wise and proper, but the different boards have no 
central force, each board being operated and stimu- 
lated by its own force. We feel sure that the General 
Mission Board and the District Boards need to get 

closer together. ■ — 

What we have thus far said, naturally leads up to 
the financial question, for with the growth of the 
pastoral system, the enlarging of our piission fields, 
and the growth of our educational work, it is evident 
•that we must raise more money to carry on these 
activities than we have been raising in the past. Con- 
sidering our early training along this line, our in- 
crease in giving is creditable, but is not up to what it 
should be. It is not a question of giving one-tenth 
of our income, but a question of giving liberally as 
the Lord has prospered us. It is a question that 
places giving on a higher plane than the tithing system 
employed under the Old Dispensation. The tithing 
system may have been good enough for those living 
under the Mosaic Law, but it is not good enough for 
those living under the Gospel. It is the better sys- 
tem that we are seeking to encourage. But, in 
order to bring about the proper conditions, we 
need teaching. Our people must be trained to 
systematic giving, not simply by a few addresses 
at Annual Meeting, or by a few articles in the 
Gospel Messenger and other papers, but by wise 
teaching in the congregations where the members live. 
This teaching must come from the pulpit, and those 
in charge of the churches are the ones to do the 
teaching. To obviate the necessity of begging for 
money, our people ought to be well trained in giving. 
It is humiliating to observe how much time must be 
spent to work believers in Christ up to the point 
where they will give even for a worthy cause. 

dead, the atonement, the Trinity, and future rewards 
and punishments. He is not questioned concerning 
trine immersion as the New Testament form of bap- 
tism, nor is he asked to present his views regarding 
the New Testament conditions of pardon. In fact, 
we never question him regarding his knowledge of 
any part of the Bible, or regarding his soundness in 
the faith. More than this, his mental ability and 
literary preparations receive no special consideration 
whatever. It seems to us that the time is here when 
this matter should be given some attention. 

In this age, when most churches are being swal- 
lowed up by the popular sentiment, is there not danger 
of our people losing their bearings? Ours is not 
merely a Protestant church, but it is a " protesting " 
church. All of these years we have not only been 
standing aloof from the sins and follies of the 
world, but we have * been protesting against the 
policy of other bodies, for their lack of faithful- 
ness in teaching and putting into practice the whole 
Gospel. We have protested against God's people 
running headlong into politics, and into practically 
everything else that is popular. We have pro- 
tested against the church becoming so fully iden- 
tified with the world that there remains very little 
difference between the children of the world and the 
professed children of God. Tn far too many in- 
stances our people are changing. Some of them are 
much closer to the world than they were years ago. 
The distinction between us and the world is not as 
marked as it once was. We are not saying that the 
Brethren have made no improvements, for we know 
that they have made some commendable advancement. 
Yet, is there not danger of us being swept from our 
moorings? For generations we have claimed to lie 
a separate people, not only contending for the whole 
Gospel, but maintaining that the distinction between 
the true people of God and the children of the world 
should be so clearly defined that the one might be dis- 
tinguished from the other. 

But the training of people to give involves another 
consideration of .equal importance. The money /do- 
nated for a good cause must be judiciously applied. 
When donors become convinced that the money they 
give for a charitable purpose is not being wisely em- 
ployed, they will lose confidence in those entrusted 
with their donations, and this will lead to a falling 
off in their offerings. What we are here saying ap- 
plies all along the line of expending money for church, 
educational and other worthy causes. If we would 
create a strong, healthy sentiment in favor of liberal 
and systematic giving, we must, at all times, have the 
full confidence of the donors. In fact, a loss of con- 
fidence here will wreck any enterprise depending on 
the charities of the public. Taking the country over, 
more intelligent attention is often given to the rais- 
ing of money for charitable purposes than there is to 
a wise and economical use of it. Not only so, but 
those who give would like to know how their money 
is employed, and for this reason all reports of re- 
ceipts and expenditures should be as simple -as pos- 
sible. We are emphasizing this subject for the reason 
that it has never been carefully considered through 
the Messenger, and yet it is a subject about which 
our people are doing a good deal of thinking. 

While we arc sounding no alarm, in this special 
message to the Messenger readers, it occurs to us 
that here is the danger line for us. Tf we would not 
lose our power for good, and our identity as a people 
distinct from the world, we must guard with sacred 
care that which has been committed to our keeping. 
The Church of the Brethren stands for well-under- 
stood principles, and we can not afford tn sacrifice 
any of these principles, for the sake of becoming 
like others. 

It occurs to us that, as we enter upon the work 
of another year, these questions should have 
some consideration. They do not embrace all the 
points to which we might call attention, but they 
happen to be questions that must figure very largely 
in the work of the future, and the sooner we begin 
taking them under advisement the better it will be 
for the cause we represent. 

We pass to another question or two. We would 
not encourage any change in our method of calling 
men to the ministry, but we would urge greater care 
in filling our pulpits. We call men to the ministry, 
and if they promise to comply with our rules, and 
conform to the order of the church, they are in- 
stalled and then permitted to form their own plans 
about preaching. , They are required to pass no ex- 
amination whatever regarding their Biblical and 
literary qualifications to represent the Church of the 
Brethren as ministers of the Gospel. We never ask 
a newly-elected minister whether he believes in the 
Divinity of Christ, the miracles of the Bible, the in- 
spiration of the Scriptures,, the resurrection of the 

A Church Home. 

A church home is a place where men and women, 
who have been converted, — " regenerated," " born 
again," who have become " new creatures in Christ 
J esuS| " — c an abide and grow to be mature children 
of God, or as nearly so as possible, considering the 
frailties of human nature. To the developing soul 
this means much more, perhaps, than many of us are 
inclined to appreciate. 

More fully to comprehend the importance of this 
subject, we must be able to discriminate,— to see that 
there is a difference between the newly-born child and 
the process by which it becomes such, and the living 
and developing into manhood or womanhood. Or, 
in other words, it is one thing to be born, and quite 
another thing for the child born, to be nurtured and 
raised up into the mature life. And as we study the 
subject, we soon begin to see that the first process is 
the lesser of the two. 

A child may be born anywhere, under most un- 
favorable conditions, and become a living soul, with- 
out becoming seriously affected by such conditions. 
But not so in reference to the developing and ma- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 

greatest possibilities and 

turing of the child to it 

What would have been our chances for life had 
we not had, when little children, the loving care of a 
devoted mother and the fostering concern of a de- 
voted father, under the roof of the place we so tender- 
ly called home? How sincerely we ought to thank 
God that, through his loving providence, it was our 
privilege to be nurtured and reared in such homes! 
Would it make any difference to us, had it been dif- 
ferent ? " Yes," you are ready to say, " all depends 
upon the difference that might have existed." All that 
we can now know is that our good fathers and moth- 
ers and good homes were essential to past and present 

As good fathers, mothers, friends and homes were 
so essential to our physical and moral nurturing and 
training, is it not more essential to our spiritual and 
eternal being, both for this life and in the life to 
come? Let us think, for a moment, what we might 
have been if, after we were born into the new life in 
Christ Jesus, we had been left without a church 
home, — without such home endearments, home helps, 
and home associations. It is simply unthinkable. 
Surely, we could not have lived and grown into a 
Christian manhood or womanhood, had we not been 
received into our Christian church home, because it 
was iirthis home that we received our spiritual food, 
the elements of strength and spiritual growth. . 

" But," you say, " is there any difference in so- 
called church homes?" There should not be, but un- 
fortunately there is a difference, just as there are 
differences in our earthly homes. Some are better 
than others, because they are headed by better fathers 
and mothers. 

Such homes are better in many important ways. 
Their rules and regulations are better. The parents 
in some homes are more loving, better providers, bet- 
ter prepared. The provisions are more complete and 
more nourishing and healthful, and, as a result, there 
is a better growth, better satisfaction, and greater 
family peace and joy. 

And so it is in the different church homes. Some 
have so few and such indifferent spiritual provisions 
that there, at best, can be but little, if any, spiritual 
growth, while others have nothing but that which 
supplies the cravings of the flesh. And to remain in 
such homes, means spiritual death. 

We have many who have been truly converted and 
desire to live the new and better life, but they, un- 
fortunately, get into bad church homes where, instead 
of being fed upon the Word, — the Bread of Life, — 
they are given only the husks and the bread that 
satisfieth not, — that has no soul nourishment in it; 
therefore there is no spiritual growth, and spiritual 
death must follow, unless a change of homes is made. 
Yes, there is a difference between being born and 
living and growing into Christian manhood and 
womanhood. And there is a difference into what 
kind of church home we place ourselves, if we desire 
to grow in grace and in the knowledge of the truth 
as it is in Christ Jesus. 

Christ tells that we are to live by every word that 
proceedeth from the mouth of God. The commands 
of Jesus come from the mouth of God. They are to 
be our meat and drink. The wish and purpose of all 
our hearts should be to do the Master's will. And if 
we are now living in a church home where we are 
not offered this kind of food, we should look out for 
a new church home, no matter by what name your 
present home may be called or known. 

There is one thing for which we are supremely 
thankful, that is, in the Brethren church home we 
have all of the Bread of Heaven offered as our meat 
and drink, and if we do not eat and drink, and grow 
to be strong men and women in Christ Jesus, it is no 
fault of the home in which we live, but because we 
will not. The food may not always be prepared in 
the best way and handed out in the most attractive 
manner, but it is there, and if we are quite anxious 
to have it, we may be helpful in having it made more 
palatable and attractive. 

But it would be very foolish, on our part, because 
things are not prepared and handed out in the style 

we think they should be, to go to another home where 
there is more style, but not bread. Yet a few of our 
own people are doing this very thing. A comparative- 
ly poor home, with Jesus as one of the fanuly, is a 
thousand times better than one filled with pomp and 
fleshly' display without him. h. b.b. 

Some Mistakes. 

Mistakes are often made by people who move 

from one place to another in quest of health, a home, 
or a business change. They are sometimes caught by 
some schemer, who so magnifies the idea of profit, 
that they think only of material things— houses, 
lands, money— and wholly forget the real life in- 
terests of the family— the school, the church, com- 
patible neighbors, and the proper marriage of their 
children. We are told of Bro. A, who, with a large 
family and some money, moved into a factory town: 
He finally lost his money in investments about which 
he knew little, and the children, unacquainted with the 
ways of the city, were soon swallowed up by its vices. 
His was a sad move. 

Bro. Y has heard stories of the fabulous possibili- 
ties of wealth in the West. He plans how he may 
get the lion's share out of this for himself. -Friends, 
both responsible and conscientious, warn him against 
promoters of such schemes, but, blinded by the "love 
of gold," and bribed by the prospects of the agent's 
commission, he falls into the trap and awakens later 
to see his acres of sand, and to hear the complaints of 
his accusing neighbors. He now turns pessimist and 
denounces even those engaged in honest and legitimate 
pursuits, still not realizing that his misfortune was 
the result of his own shortsightedness. 

Bro. B sees his family grow larger, and the pros- 
pects of setting each in a sung home grows less each 
year. Dominated by the idea of getting a home, he 
naturally seeks out a place where his money will buy 
the most. He settles in a new country, where there 
are no members. He prospers,— all the while being 
under the influence of. money making. At last he 
awakens, when his firstborn child marries into the 
family of a godless neighbor. One after another 
the children all form these alliances, which forever 
put out the light of hope from the altar where fathers 
and mothers worshiped the true God. The thought of 
the dear old church, back in the homeland, its oc- 
casions of fellowship, and power of divine blessing 
and blessedness, — all gone, lost forever,— now fill 
the soul with regret. And so, surrounded by those 
who worship at the shrine of strange gods, and 
haunted day and night by the prospect of "what 
might have been," the heart-beats of memory ever 
ring the death-knell of those who find a home, but 
lose God in so doing. 

Then there is another brother. He reads glowing 
advertisements about productive lands, and fine 
orange groves in the land of perpetual summer. So, 
disposing of his property in the North, he goes South, 
and, not knowing anything about the country, soon 
selects a locality that impresses him, makes a purchase, 
and later finds out that he has made the mistake of 
his life. He may pay $30 an acre for land that for 
farming, gardening or fruit growing is not worth a 
tenth pf the purchase price. All of this is the result 
of not taking time to look into and studying the real 

Now, the purpose of this article is to induce our 
people to be careful about investing their means, to 
be careful about locating where there is no church, 
and no prospects of any, and to go slow in purchasing 
homes in countries where the conditions are all new 
to them. Not only so, but be sure to avoid these 
get-rich-quick schemes, and do not undervalue the 
importance' of good neighbors, good schools for the 
children, and good religious environments for the 
whole family. ^^_^___^^_ 

says a local paper published at Bryan. This alarming 
condition has led the Ministerial Association of that 
city to pass and publish certain strong resolutions 
against the growing evil. They further resolved and 
pledged themselves not to solemnize a marriage where 
either of the parties had been divorced for any other 
reason than that set forth in the New Testament. 
And, even in thisVase, it is at the marriage of the in- 
nocent party only that they will consent to officiate. 
These ministers are to be commended for their for- 
titude and good sense. Let all other ministers in the 
State take their stand with them, and inside of a 
few years we can have the pleasure of looking upon 
Ohio as a reformed State. Let us not be understood, 
however, that Ohio has sinned above all other States 
along this line. There are others just as bad, and 
possibly some of them may be worse. But one thing 
sure, the ministers all over the United States should 
refuse to solemnize a marriage where either party has 
been divorced on any other than Scriptural grounds, 
and for the innocent party only. There are enough 
preachers in the country to root out this great sin 
if they will only' stand together, and stand for the 
right thing. — _ ~— — — — — 

After Letters Are Granted. 

Has a member a right to vote in a church council after 
his letter has been granted? 

If he remains in the congregation, it is his privilege 
to vote until his letter is signed and handed to him. 
And while this is his privilege, a prudent man, under 
the circumstances, will not take an active - part in 
matters over which the congregation is much divided. 
He will not cast his ballot on a local matter when he 
knows that his vote, one way or the other, might 
settle the question. To illustrate, a family of five call 
for their letters, and the letters are granted, but a 
little later the assessment question is up for consid- 
eration. The members, with the best of feeling, how- 
ever, may be about equally divided on the motion be- 
fore the house. The five votes of those, whose letters 
have been granted, could swing the question, though 
it would be of no special interest to them. If they 
are wise, they will abstain from voting, though, 
technically speaking, it might be their privilege to do 
so. The idea in church work, as well as in everything 
else involving different parties, is to do that which is 
right and fair. 

Divorce Resolution. 

There are a lot of fine people in Ohio, but the 
State has an alarming divorce record for 1912, there 
being one divorce for .every eight marriages. 


Sunday-school Literature. 

We hear of a number -of Sunday-schools that desire 
the moral support and sympathy of the General 
Brotherhood, and yet they will not patronize the 
Publishing House of the church for their literature. 
They not only give their money to build up the print- 
ing establishments of other churches, but they run 
the risk of- teaching the young people that which will 
lead them away from the Church of the Brethren 
rather than towards if. It is needless to say that this 
is unwise, and means the loss of hundreds of young 
people who. might otherwise be won to the church. 
If we wish to train Sunday-school children properly, 
we must keep them irrtouch with our own literature. 
The literature pf other churches does not help us 
to save our own children. Its influence is. against us 
and our work. ' 

Among the Scenes of Childhood. 
Bro. H. W. Strickler, of Loraine,'Ill., who spent 
the summer in Pennsylvania, amid the scenes of his 
early life, sends us five large photographs,— one of 
himself, and the other representing the farm buildings 
where he spent his boyhood days. There is something 
pathetic about these pictures. When a young man, 
in the prime of life, Bro. Strickler turned his back 
upon the scenes of his childhood, to establish a home 
for himself in the West. After fifty-nine years he 
returns, aged, feeble and gray, and has himself photo- 
graphed while seated on the steps known to his bare 
feet when he was but a lad. The pictures are ac- 
companied by considerable data regarding himself, 
some of his ancestors, and his recent visit. Possibly 
we shall sometime be 'able to use at least a part of 
the information placed in our hands. 

"THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 




D. Ii. Miller, Chairman, Mt. Morria, 111. 

H. O. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird. Va. 

Galen B. Beyer, Sec. and Treas., Elgin, 111. 

Chaa. D. BoDfiact, Union Bridge, Md. 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas. 

©tho Winger, North Manchester, Ind. 

General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 


Flood Conditions. 
Here, in this part of India, we generally have a very 
clearly-defined rainy season, and the people plan accord- 
ingly, but we are reminded, from time to time, that there 
is a God in the universe arid that all things are subject 
to his will, even the seasons. Consequently the people 
are sometimes caught unprepared. Last week, for a night 
and a half day, we had a heavy downpour of rain, resulting 
in much damage to many things, though helping the late 
crops much, and allowing other winter crops to be sown. 
But there will be considerable loss, and the present high 
prices will likely rise still higher. 

Sister Ross and Sisters Eliza and Sadie Miller were 
planning for a trip to the Dangs, and on Thursday sent 
the spring wagon and baggage needed on the way ahead. 
At Karanjvel Sister Sadie got in and went on to Meskatri 
to spend the night. I was planning to take the rest out 
in the horse tonga, next morning, and then they could 
proceed behind the oxen -over the hills and through the 
jungle. But the rains came and plans had to be aban- 
doned. The rivers became so high that people could not 
go across. Sister Sadie and the men came back to Kar- 
anjvel next day, but the trip was most difficult through 
the mud and water, and upon reaching Karanjvel they 
found that the tent had blown down. It was impossible 
to think of coming to Vyara, so there was nothing to do 
but to make the best of the situation. 

Working Under Difficulties. 

Sister Sadie is here, in this District, helping us with 

the much needed work among the women, and we are 

glad, for her presence very much, and appreciate her 

efforts in this much needed but most difficult work. 

Two weeks ago we had an interesting meeting here, of 
the people from the villages. It being a busy season, 
and most people having to watch their fields day and 
night, the attendance was not nearly as large as we will 
have later. At such times the people come six to ten 
miles, but the women were conspicuous for their absence. 
However we will make great endeavors to reach them, 
and have them with us at our Christmas gathering also. 
A Native Wedding. 
Last Sunday we went to a near by place where we 
could administer baptism, and there, in the presence of 
quite a few people, two women were immersed. Coming 
back to the compound, we assembled again and one of 
the womeiij—a young girl, — was married to one of our 
native boys who has been a Christian for a year. The 
people work here, and so another house is wanted, but 
all quarters being full, we are in straits for living quar- 
ters for our growing community. 

Last evening two carts came in from the jungle. Our 
worker there thwarted an attempt to have a wedding 
according to their old customs, and brought the parties 
here. To solve the matrimonial problem among these 
village people, is one of our very hardest propositions 
we have. Tq help in this, some missions have so arranged 
with the Government that the Mission teachers in the 
villages be given a license to perform marriages, thus 
placing, right within easy reach of the people, means for 
meeting this ever-recurring need, and giving little excuse 
for doing it the old way. We make every attempt to 
render these wedding occasions as attractive as we can, 
trying to place something good into the festivities in 
place of the "bad. The village headman, though not a 
Christian, was very instrumental in helping our worker 
on this occasion and he is to be commended in his earnest 
efforts to bring about reform in his village. 
Appreciative Officials. 
This week I have had the opportunity of having three 
of the high officials come to our house, to talk over var- 
ious phases of the work. There are certain phases of the 
work in which they are especially interested, and they 
appreciate our efforts. One of these men is a cousin of 
the King, while another is considered one of the King's 
most trusted advisers and officials. He has traveled in 
Europe and it will pay "the Mission to keep friendship 
with such men. He encouraged our building up an In- 
dustrial School to meet the needs of the people and which 
will be a model and inspiration. 

As we write these lines we are passing through the 
fever season and the late rain has caused considerable 
increase in sickness among the'people in general. 

But we can be very thankful to our Lord for continued 
good health, and for his protection and help, and con- 
stant other blessings to us. His name be praised for it 
all! , A. W. Ross. 

Vyara, Surat District, India, Nov. 29. 

FLOKA, nro — The Sisters' Aid Society of our church sub- 
mits the following report: The President of the Society, 
Sister Sarah Bower, is especially to be commended for her 
faithfulness and sacrifice. We held forty-two meetings, with 
an average attendance of eight. We quilted eight n.ullts, 
knotted seventeen comforters, and pieced eight quilts We 
sent two sacks of clothing to the Orphans' Home at Mexico 
Ind., some of which was donated; the remainder being new 
garments. Jan. 1, 1912. we (had 313.95 In the treasury Our 
collections for the year amounted to $15.98. and our expenses 
were S40.S9, which leaves $24.0-1 in the treasury at the pres- 
ent time. Sister Sarah Bower is our President, and the writer. 
Secretary. — Airs. Ella Mussel man, Flora, Ind., Dee. 20. 

woodland, MICH.— Dec. 19 marked the close of another 
year of our Sisters' Aid Society work. Our regular meetings 
were held once each month, but so manv opportunities were 
presented for work, and so many calls for help, that seven 
special meetings were held, making nineteen during the year 
Over $80 was gathered by way of dues, donations and work! 
Our expenses are as follows: We gave $20 to a sister in the 
hospital, and $21 for an India orphan. One box, containing 
sixty garments, was sent to Grand Rapids, a box of cloth- 
ing to Bto. Deardorff's, and one box to a brother and sister 
at Prescott. We paid car fare, and made sixteen articles of 
clothing for fresh air girls, and donated clothing to several 
other families near home We bought flowers for the sick, 
to the amount of $1, and made special efforts to visit the sick 
in our neighborhood. We decided' to pay one cent per mem- 
ber each month, for a flower fund, which will send some mes- 
sages of love and good cheer to the sick and lonely. Once a 
year. In January, the men are invited to our society, and 
thus they are kept interested and acquainted with the work. 
Last January the attendance was seventy-five, and an offering 
of $21 was taken. The following sisters were elected as our 
officers for 1913: The writer, President: Sister Celia Town- 
send, Secretary; Sister Gertrude England, Treasurer: Sister 
Lida Hershberger, Superintendent of Work; Sister Martha 
Smith, Superintendent of Flowers. May the Lord keep us 
humble and prosper our work! — Lelia M. Culler, Secretary, 
Woodland, Mich., Dec. 20. 

Correction. — In last week's report of Sisters' Aid Society of 
Frederick, Md., sent by Sister Anna M. Bopst. please note that 
the support of the work per month was decided to be " 5 
cents " instead of " $5," as there stated.— Ed. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue, Are 
Given Space on This Page. 


live Oak church met in council Dec. 14. Eld. W. R, Bru- 
baker presided. Seven certificates were received. Bro. Blocher 
and wife were with us. He gave us two inspiring sermons. 
We decided to get Bro. Hutchison to conduct our series of 
meetings about the middle of January. Officers were elected 
for the year, with Bro. W. R. Brubaker as elder; Bro. R. L. 
Grayibill, superintendent of the Sunday-school; the writer, 
president of -the Christian Workers' Meeting: Bro. R, E. Da- 
vis, foreman of the prayer meeting; Bro. A. Crltes, correspond- 
ent. — A. A. Hartman, Dive Oak, Oal., Dec lfi. 

Lordsburg church held a semiannual love feast on Sunday 
evening, commencing at 5:30. The examination sermon was 
I leached at 11 A. M. by Eld. J. P. Dickey. Eld. Edmund 
Frantz officiated at the evening services. About 270 sur- 
rounded the Lord's tables.— Grace H. Miller, Lordsburg. Cal , 
Tec, 14. 

Beedley. — Our congregation met in council Dec 14. Eld, 
liarvey Eikenherry, of Raisin, and Eld. D. A. Bowman, of 
Fresno, were with us. Bro. Martin H. Miller was elected to 
the ministry, and Brethren J. H. Rupert and S. P. Noll were 
elected to the deacon's office. They, with their wives, were 
installed. The annual church officers were elected, with Bro. 
J. J. Brower as elder. We decided to organize a teacher- 
training class, to begin the first of the year. Two letters of 
membership were received and several were granted. We are 
arranging a program for the children on Christmas Eve. Dec. 
S Eld. E. M. Cobb, of Raisin, gave us two very Interesting 
temperance addresses, which were much appreciated by atten- 
tive audiences. Our love feast on Thanksgiving Day was well 
attended by our members, but there were no visiting members 
present. Eld. I. F. Betts officiated. Our Sunday-school is 
doing very nicely, with Bro. Rupert as superintendent. — Susie 
Michael, Reedley, Cal., Dec. 16. 

Santee.— The members at this place have been enjoying some 
fine spiritual sermons since Bro. Jacob Wltmore Is preaching 
for us. These services are indeed edifying. During the past 
week our church made up a donation of 311.50 to assist Bro. 
James M. Neff. We are getting ready for a Christmas pro- 
gram Dec. 29. — Anna R. Hyatt, Santee, Cal., Dec. 15. 


Bethel Center church met In council Dec, 14. Our elder, 
Pro. W. L. Hatcher, of Summltville, Ind., officiated. He came 
to us Nov. 8 and preached six inspiring sermons. At the close 
cf the last meeting a dear young lady of our Sunday-school 
put on Christ In baptism. Others are thinking seriously. — 
Annie Rogers, R. D. 24, Matthews, Ind., Dec. 18. 

Fountain church met in council Dec. Ii. Our elder, Bro. 
Frank E. Hay, presided. One letter of membership was re- 
ceived. Some officers were elected for the coming year. Bro, 
Frank Hoppes was reelected trustee; Bro. Ira Pherlgo, reelected 
treasurer; Sister Maud Pherlgo, clerk; the writer, reelected 
correspondent. Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year, with the writer as superintendent, and Sister 
Mary Hoppes, secretary. We have an evergreen Sunday-school. 
Our elder preached three good sermons for us while he was 
here. — (Mrs.) Amy Hoppes, R. D. 2, Holton, Ind., Dec. 18. 

Nappanee church met in council Dec. 19. Eld. Metzler pre- 
sided. The membership was well represented- Much business 
was transacted- Church officers were elected. The writer was 
reelected clerk; Bro. John Geyer, reelected treasurer: Eld. 
Metzler, reelected as our presiding elder for one year. We 
reorganized our Sunday-school, with the writer reelected su- 
perintendent. Our Christian Workers' Meeting was also 
reorganized, with Bro. Frank Lehman as president. — B, J. 
Miller, Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Peru. — Bro. E. L. Heestand. of Elkhart, came to us Nov. 
18, and remained until Dec. 9, preaching twenty-four ser- 
mons In all. His sermons were Inspiring and instructive. 
There was a splendid interest throughout the meeting. The 
church Is greatly strengthened, and two souls confessed 
Christ. One was reclaimed, and one baptized. A number of 
o hers were deeply impressed- Our church met In council 
on Thursday evening, Dec. 12, with our elder, J. W. Norris, 
r residing. Eld. Frank Fisher, of Mexico, and our elder, S. T. 
Plsher, were also present. Sunday-school officers were chosen 
for the coming term. Bro. I. L. Miller was reelected as super- 
intendent. The church decided to Install the officers and teach- 
ers for one year, instead of for six months only, After the 
reorganization of the Sunday-school, the church decided to hold 
ail election for three deacons, ar.d one minister. Brethren Wm. 
Lrb, Orval Trent and Joseph Nloodemus were chosen to the 
oeacon's office, and Bro. I. L. Mlljer to the ministry. Bro. 
Erb and wife, and Bro. Trent, were installed into office. Bro. 

.-rank Fisher presided during the installation service. On 
Tuesday evening, before the meeting on Thursday evening we 
held a consecration meeting, at which our pastor gave the 
members instructions along the line of qualifications, etc W 

^S? Dt , tlia thiS m ° 0,llie ™s. a great hel P *waVd pre? 
f, £j h * church for ™ election. We are very grateful to 
loond^T n n *»*»<*«*. and one ttmOvJSJklgi iS 
s ponded to tho call made by Sister Fisher, for aid In -the pur- 
chase of the fixtures for our communion. The amount - 

S5E V* $3 T 1 -fv Which P» W for a " <* <"»■ flKtures.-AUce 
i-mei-y, Peru. Ind., Dec. 19. 

n^ IUm, T T'^ e , met In counc " ***■ 1*. with our elder. Bro. 
George E Swlhart. presiding. Five letters were granted 
Mmday-school officers were chosen for six months, with Bro' 

C. C. Miller as superintendent, and Sister Elsie Kleppinger as 

SEX^ Tt^^S a C&rtrtWM meting at 10: 30 A. M. 
—Sarah C. Seltner, R. D. 32, Roann, Ind.. Dec 19 

Springfield.— Our Interesting series Of meetings, which 
opened Nov 23 and closed Deo, U, was conduct^ by Bro. 
n" n V Stuctanon, of Nappanee, Ind. Seven were baptized. 

?1£J * em rZ?* a man BlgMy yearB oW - 0no number was 
reclaimed. Others wero seriously Impressed. ■ We are all 
much strengthened. The next Sundnv following the meet- 
ings Bro. William Hess, of West Goshen. Ind.. came , nerTand 
preached on Sunday during the day and evening Wo appre- 
Dec IS h6lP V6ry muon -— Hftttie Weaver, Brlmflold. Ind., 
Wabash church met in council Dec 5, with Bro. E s Bru- 
baker presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. Clarence 
wm , t T Wa f c 'T t,n s "P erlT1 talent of tho Sunday-school. Bro. 
Will Httrrls will be our Messenger agent.— Lula Crumrinc, R 

D. 9, Wabash, Ind., Dec 20. 


Franklin church is now In the midst of a series of meetings 
which began Dec 8 and Is conducted by the home ministers! 
Riders J. D. Brower and A, L. Scars. A gospel message Is 
delivered each evening.. We are few in number, and greatly 
desire that the house might he filled with attentive hearers 
— -Jemima Kob, Leon, Iowa, Dec. 19. 

Prairie City church met in council Dec. 14. Eld. W. I. Buck- 
ingham presided. Eld. W. P. McLellen of Litchfield, Nebr 
was with us. Wo had a pleasant council. Officers wore elect- 
ed as follows: Brethren Carl Elrort and Earl Brubaker Sun- 
day-school superintendents, and Bro. Carl MUlloont secre- 
tary. All Christian Worker officers will continue for tho next 
six months. Bro. W. I. Buckingham wis unanimously- chosen 
ee our eldor for another year. Bro. Frank Mllllcont was 
chosen trustee. Letters were granted to Bro, Lawrence Col- 
lier and wife. Bro. Lawrence is a deacon, Bro. I W Bru- 
baker has been our Spirlt-flllcd elder, and under his caro tho 
young people have loved to labor and work for Christ Our 
church here lias gained some In numbers, but we have also lost 
some hy members moving to other parts of the State. Bro 
W. P. McLellan has been visiting his children at this place, 
and wo have enjoyed his presence In our homes, as one filled 
with the Spirit and good works. He has given us several 
good sermons. On Sunday evening his discourse was Intensely 
interesting. He was listened to by a large and appreciative 
audience. Bro. Studebakcr, of McPherson, Kans.. will be hero 
Dec 21, to conduct our Bible School. — Jennie Alexander. R, 
D. 2, Monroe, Iowa, Dec 17. 

Tale,— Dec. 1 Bro. I. W. Brubaker, of Grundy Center, Iowa, 
began a scries of meetings at l.hls place. He gave us olghi, -,.„ 
sermons. The attendance was not what wo had' expected 
which was due to tho inclement weather the first week, ami to 
much sickness In the community, with one cose of Bcarlel 
fever quarantined. Bro. Bn.lmkcr handled the Word of 
God effectively. The members have been built up spiritually 
As the District Sunday-school institute will bo hold in our 
church near Panora, we only hell meetings for two weeks at 
this place. The services closed with a full house nnd the host 
of attention.— Alllo Lookinghlll. Vale, Iowa, Dec. 21 

Altamont church met In council Dec. IB, with Bro. J. S. 
Clark, of Parsons, presiding. Officers were elected OS follows 
for the next six months: Bio, ... S. Clark, reelected elder for 
one year, with Bro. W. II. Miller, of Independence, as Ills 
assistant; Sister Hamshlre, church clerk; Bro. Win. Ifam- 
shlre, church treasurer; the writer, Messenger agent nnd 
church correspondent: Bro. B. S. Miller, superintendent of tho 
Bunday-echOOl, with Miss Blanche Morris, 'see roUiry- treasurer; 
Sister Lillle Miller, chorister, Bro. Clark preached a much 
appreciated sermon at eleven o'clock. Nov. 24 wo rejoiced 
when Bro. W. M. Lehman, of Monmouth, Kans., came Into ooir 
midst to spend the day. He preached to a very interested 
audience. These sermons are a great treat to our congrega- 
tion, as we do not have regular services on account of having 
no resident minister. Wo feel the need of help, here at this 
place. Any members wishing to make a ohango In location 
will please let us hear from them. We would especially like 
for o. minister of tho Brethren church to locate here. — Pearl 
Morrison, Altamont, Kans., Dec. 18. 

Maple Grove. — Bro. Geo. R. Ell or, of Grlnnoll, Kans., came 
to us Dee. 1 and preached eighteen excellent sermons. Ho is 
an earnest worker, and we feel much encouraged by his 
efforts among us. — Lizzie Miller, R. D. 1, Norcatur, Kans., 
Dec. IS. 


Long Meadow. — On Thanksgiving Day we were favored 
with an Interesting sermon by Bro. C. L. Miller, of M.irtlns- 
burg, W. Va. An offering was taken for Home Missions. Dec. 
1 Bro. J. C. Zug, of Palmyra, Pa., began a series of meetings 
for us, which closed Dec 15. He did not shun to declare the 
whole counsel of God. — K. Mae Rowland, R. D. 6, Hagers- 
town, Md., Dec 21. 

Meadow Branch church recently elected Brethren Frank 
and John Garner as superintendents for the country Sunday- 
school. They nre to be Installed at tho beginning of 1913. 
The Westminster Sunday-school superintendents hold over 
six months longer, when there will be another election. The 
Christian Workers of this congregation have reorganized 
their society, with Sister Lydla Trestle and Lou Royer as 
president and vice-president, respectively, Bro. Earny Geiman 
and Sister Gertrude, secretaries; Sister Nora Geiman, treas- 
urer; Bro. J. T. Royer, chorister. — W. E. Roop, Westminster, 
Md.. Dec 21. 

Frederick City church met In council Wednesday evening. 
Dec 18, with our elder, Bro, G. S. Harp, presiding. Our 
Christian Workers" Meeting was reorganized, with Bro. G. 
I3tmer Brenglo as president, and Sister Julia McHenry as sec- 
retary. Bro. S. A. Shaver, who recently moved into this con- 
gregation from Botetourt, Va., was elected superintendent 
of the Sunday-school for-*he coming year. The report of the 
work done by the Sisters' Aid Society, during the year, was 
read. Our sisters are to be commended for the work they have 
accomplished. They are a small body, but " who hath despised 
the day of small things?" They are active, and their efforts 
are being blessed. Thanksgiving services were held on 
Thursday evening, Nov. 28, Bro. Lemon Pfoutz, of Gettys- 
burg, Pa., gave us a good talk. A collection was taken for 
missions. — R. A. Nedrow, Frederick, Md., Dec. 18. 

South Beatrice church met in council Dec. 19. The meeting 
was opened by Bro. Yearout, who Is conducting a series of 
meetings here. Nine letters were granted. Bro. Lee Baugh- 
man was reelected Sunday-school superintendent. Our love 
feast was held Oct 25. The writer was visiting In Indiana at 
that time, at the place where he was baptized over fifty years 
ago, at the old Denmark churoh. Brethren B. F. and G. V. 
Goshorn are the ministers there now. — Lydia Dell, Beatrice, 
Nebr., Dec. 20. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 

How Readest Thou? 

(Concluded from Paee E.) 

the Lord saw fit, he could create a fish large enough 
to swallow the boat with its 631 passengers.-bo.lers 
and all The Lord could do this. It might be mar- 
velous in an infidel's eyes, " but with God all things 
are possible." 

Jesus was careful to cause no c ; ■ 
but was willing to pay tribute, 
go to the sea and cast in a hook am 
first fish, he would find a piece of money for him 
and his Master. That was the only fish in the sea that 
had a piece of money in its mouth. God had placed 
that monev there for that special purpose. There 
was no other one like that to be found. So, in God s 
providence, there was no other fish to swallow Jonah, 
save that one specially " prepared." 

Paul speaks of such men, whose "mouth may be 
stopped" (Rom. 3: 19). Jesus often put his op- 
posers to silence, 
against him. 

Goshen. Ind. 

and preached the Word with power. 

members were 
strensthened. Six souls Vre bom Into the klnedom «• 
await the rite of beptism. Others axe near the kingdom.— 
William Bmbaker, Elkha.t, Ind., Dec, 22. 

KUnrack.— On the evening of Dec. 7 Ero. E. Bowman, of 
Hngerstown. Ind., commenced a aeries of meetings at the 
Antloch house, which continued until the evening of Deo. 22 
Bro. Bowman ably defended ihe cause of our Mas ter and 
greatly encouraged the members, 
weight of sin, 

try house, the writer was elected superintendent and Sister 
Minnie Wray, secretary. — Mamie Sink, Lenox, Iowa, Dec. 25. 

Scott Valley.— Dec. 22 Eld. John Sherfy. of Mont Ida, Kans., 

was called to this place to solemnize a double marriage cere- 
mony at D A. M. Eld. F. G. Edwards, of Mont Ida, was also 
present, and grave us an excellent Christmas sermon at 11 
AM At 7: 30 P. M. we met for song service, Bro. Edwards 
being In. charge. At 8: 30 P. M. Bro. Sherfy addressed a goodly 
number of eager listeners. This was the former home of 
both of these .brethren. Their presence and labor with us 
„ u^a were much appreciated by all.— Anna Miller, -Westphalia, 
On Saturday we held K . ans Dec 3ri 

Mtl^vtorvmaMnw 6 The' Hutchinson Mission.— This evening we had a Christmas pro- 

JeSUS told Peter to ^ r »^«^ gram, rendered, mostly by the children. It was satisfactory 

d, in taking Up the Tnree have been received by baptism since our last report.— 
I-I E. Mlllspaugh. R. D. 12, Muncle. Ind., Dec. 26. 

council on Thursday evening, 

believe many felt the 
'd "are "considering seriously the necessary 
change of life. The meetings were well attended, and the 
S attention was paid to the Word spoken The meetings 
closed with a full house of listeners 
nell. Bro. Bowman assisted 
writer was chosen supei 

Such are not for Christ, but are 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 

Lords bnxg.- 
'or the purpc 
elder, Bro. W. 


;t in special council last Monday evening. 

Em-land, presided. Sunday-school officers 
were leetod -with Bro. H. A.-Brandt a** superintendent, and 
Sister Ruth Barnhizer as secretary. Sister Ruth Frantz was 
riosen president of the Christian Workers' Society, and Sister 
Mar^ Dlchtenwalter. secr,tary. Bro. David Bllckenstaff was 
elected church trust ee— G race H. Miller. Lordsburg, Cal., Dec. 

Omaja.— We .were encouraged by receiving one more member 
bv letter a sister who, with her husband and family, has 
settled here from Ohio. Our Sunday-school and preaching 
Ss are well attended, while the Christian Workers" 
Meeting, under the presidency of Mr. Chas, Nye, is flourishing, . Mnei 
even though some regular attendants are "away, and some *S 
should manifest more interest than they do. Usually we have 
a mixed audience, consisting of whites from many States in 
the Union, and also many European countries,— Sweden, Pin- 
land Holland, Germany. Italy and England being among the 
countries represented in our colony. Then many blacks from 
Jamaica also attend our sen-ices, as well as native Cubans. 
—Ira P. Eby, Omaja, Oriente. Cuba, Dec 20. 

Susie Hostet- 


Weiser church met in council Dec. 21. Our elder. Bro. L. 
H. Ebv. not being present, Eld. A. I. Mow presided. Five 
were received by letter. Four letters were granted. Our 
Sunday-school was reorganized, with Bro. Willis Peterson as 
superintendent, and Sister Viola Brockett as secretary-treas- 
urer. The Christian Workers' Meeting was also reorganized, 
with the writer as president, and Bro. Ray Yant as secretary- 
treasurer. — May Holl, Weiser, Idaho, Dec. 23. 
Cherry Grove church met in council Dec. 3. The regular 
Sundav-sehool officers were elected. Bro. Aaron Hawbaker 
was chosen superintendent. At our Thanksgiving Meeting 
Brethren YoAing and Delp each gave us a talk. A collection 
of nearlv 525 was raised. Half of this amount was sent for 
Home Missions, the other half Is to be used to send the Mes- 
senger to the poor, and those In the neighborhood that are 
not members. — Rosa SShidler, Lanark, III., Dec. 20'. 

Mansfield. — Our revival meetings, conducted by Bro. W. T, 
Heckmam, closed Dec. 18. His sermons were full of spir- 
itual power. Our members have been greatly strengthened, 
and sinners were convicted of sin. We met in council Dec. 
21, with Eld. W. T. Heckman presiding. Bro. Stutsman of 
Virden. Til., and Ero. Lewis, of ITrbana, were present. The 
following officers were elected: Sister Minnie Lyklos. Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister Sadie Swartz, secretary: the 
writer, correspondent and Messenger agent. Bro. Heckman 
was chosen as our elder for 1913. Sister Minnie Lyklns and 
Hie writer were elected as delegates to the Bible and Sunday- 
school Institute.— J. C. Lightcap. Mansfield, 111,, Dec. 22. 

Pine Creek church met in council Dec. 19. Our elder, Bro. 
C. C. Price, presided: Three letters were granted. Our Sun- 
day-school was reorganized. Bro. C. C. Price was reelected 
as our elder for the coming year. We decided to hold a love 
feast May 17, at 6 P. M. Services were held at the church 
on Thanksgiving Day, and a collection of about $22 was taken. 
A part of this money will be used to send the Messenger to 
some of our poor members, and some of it for other charitable 
purposes. — Bertha M. Staufier, Polo, 111., Dec. 24. 

TJrbana. — The work at this place is being revived. Bro. 
Lewis has been preaching to the people at this place for some 
time. Through the good work of the Mission Board Bro. 
Stutsman, of Virden, 111., came to our aid, and held a two 
weeks' series of meetings. He preached the Word In its 
purity. -One put on Christ tn baptism, and others are very 
near the kingdom. The few members that are here feel very 
much strengthened by means of these services. — J. C. Eight- 
cap. Mansfield, 111. Dec. 22. 


Andrews — Our church met in council Dec. 14. Eld. J. W. 
Norrls presided. We are now fully organized as a church and 
Sunday-school, to begin the Lord's work for the year of 1913 
with greater zeal and determination. We expect to have the 
installation service of the teachers of our Sunday-school 
classes Jan. 5. Eld. Norris remained with us over Sunday 
and preached two of his Inspiring sermons to large audiences 
of eager listeners. — Lydia Duncan, Andrews, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Camp Creek. — We held our council Dec. 18. Eld. John Shive- 
ly presided. Our collection amounted to J18.25. Sunday-school 
officers were elected for next year. Sister Ruah Shively was 
reelected superintendent. Officers were elected for the Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting, with Bro. Edward Secrist as president. 
and Bro. Daniel Flory as corresponding secretary and treas- 
urer. — W. E. Shively, It. D. 2, Bourbon, Ind,, Dec. 23. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Nov. 28 to hold a 
Thanksgiving Meeting. Our home minister, Bro, Kreider, did 
the preaching. The evenings of Nov. 29 and 30 were spent in 
prayer service at the ciiurch. Sunday morning, Dec. 1, Bro, 
Miehler, of Mlddlebury, Ind., began a series of meetings for 
us. He preached for us until Dec, %%.. He labored, earnestly 

Manchester church rr.~v 
Dec 5 ' It was the time for the election of officers and „™. 
mlttees for the various departments of the church work. 
Bro R. S. Blough was chosen for another years work as 
elder of the church. Elders G. B. Garter, John Mishler and 
A C Young assisted in this work. The report given by the 
Ladles' Aid-Society shows an increase in activity. The Chris- 
tian Workers' Society has also elected officers for another year. 
Two persons have been received into the church by baptism 
since the closing of our revival. The different parts of the 
church work are being advanced, and we ■have reasoi- 1 to re- 
joice In the Lord.— Mrs. E. A. Butterbaugh, .North Manchester, 
Ind., Dec. 21. 

TOUford.— Our series of meetings in town closed last 
Wednesdav evening. Bro. Flory preached seventeen powerful 
sermons As an immediate result eight were baptized. The 
interest and attendance were good throughout.— Etta Neff, 
R. DC 1, Mllford, Ind., Dec. 24. 

Hew Bethel— At a council, held in the Four Mile congrega- 
tion it was derided to divide the congregation. The western 
part was organized into a separate congregation. Oct. 29 we 
met to organize. Elders L, W. Teeter and" Frank Hay. of the 
Nettle Creek congregation, and Elders Carey Toney and C. C. 
Petry, of the Four Mile congregation, were present, twenty- 
two "letters of membership were presented. One was that 
of a minister Bro. P. W. Payton, and three deacons. Bro. J. 
W Rarlck, of North Manchester, Ind.. was unanimously chosen- 
as our elder; Bro. J. E. Fiant, church clerk; the writer, Mes- 
senger correspondent and agent. The new organization is to. 
be known as the New Bethel congregation. Bro. Rarick came 
to us in the evening of Dec. S. to assist us in a series of meet- 
ings Good interest continued throughout the meetings. We 
thought best to close this revival Dec. 15, on account of so 
much sickness In the neighborhood. Bro. Rarlck preached 
nine strong sermons which were much appreciated by all. 
He also attended one council meeting. Bro. Rarlck accepted 
the eldership of our church for one year, and promised to 
come once a month to break to us the Bread of Life. We 
certainly feel very much strengthened through the efforts of 
our dear brother. — Anna Neptune. Conners\ille, Ind.. Dec. 21. 
Monticello.— Dee. 8 Bro. J. A. Wright, of North Manchester. 
~nd came to the Guernsey house to assist us In a series of 
"leeHjigs He preached twenty sermons, in which the doc- 
believed by the Brethren, was declared with power. 
Our little band of members here has been greatly strength- 
ened Seven precious souls came out on the Lord's side and 
were baptized on Christmas Day. There were three hus- 
bands, with their wives, and one aged lady. Others were al- 
most persuaded. The meetings closed: on Ohristmi- 
with a good attendance and splendid interest.- 
Icr, Reynolds, Ind., Dec. 25. 

Pine Creek church met in council Dec. 21, at the East house. 
Our elder, Bro. Daniel Wvsong. presided. We were favored 
with the presence of Eld. W. B. Deeter, Henry Wysong and 
John Marklev, who assisted us in the work. Two letters 
were granted. Church officers were elected for the ensuing 
year as follows: Bro. Daniel Wysong, elder for another year: 
Bro Arthur Long, reelected clerk; the writer, treasurer. Sun- 
day-school officers were also elected., with the writer as super- 
intendent, and Sister Nora Stump as secretary-treasurer. At 
this council we elected and Installed Bro. James O, Kesler 
to the mlnlstrv. His wife not being present, will be installed 
In the near future. Bro. Lafayette Steele, with his wife, was 
ordained to the eldership. We had services on Thanksgiving 
Day at the East house, conducted by Brethren Jacob Hilde- 
brand and A. M. Ruin el. We took up an offering of SO. 18 for 
the benefit of Bethany Bible School.— M. S. Morns, R. D. 1. 
Walker ton, Ind., Dec. 2S. 

Union City church met in council Dec. 19. Bro. W. K. bim- 
mon «! who has been our elder for many years, thought best 
to resign, owing to bis age. Bro. B. F. Sharp, of the Poplar 
Grove congregation, was chosen by the church as elder for 
one year Our Sundav-school superintendent for the coming 
year will be Bro. Earl *McFarland. Bro. W. K. Sell was 
elected superintendent for the Sunday-school in town. Sisters 
Rebecca Ha-vs and Effle Netzley were elected superintendents 
of the home department A Missionary and a Temperance 
Committee were also elected. One brother was received by 
baptism, and one sister was reclaimed during our series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. Lester Helsey In October. The 
writer was chosen church correspondent for the coming year. 
—Pearl McFarland, R. D. 35, Union City, Ind.. Dec. 23. 
- Walnut church met In council Dec. 21. Our elder, Bro. 
David Metzler, presided. One letter was received and one was 
granted. Bro. Chas. Oberlin of Logansport, Ind., will come 
to us Dec. 31, to assist us in- a series of revival meetings.— 
Emma Foust, Argos, Ind., Dec. 24. 


Cedar Baplds. — Dec. S was set apart by our superintendent 
for Decision "Day. After Sunday-school Bro. D. E. Miller 
preached an appropriate sermon as a result of which seven 
of our Sunday-school scholars made the good choice. Since 
then all have been baptized except one, who expects' to be 
baptized soon. We anticipate a good. Sunday-school for 1913, 
with Sister S. B. Miller as superintendent, 
church work are moving along- nicely.- 
Rapids, Iowa, Dec. 21. 

English River.— Eld. C. B. Rowe. of Dallas Center, Iowa, 
recentlv closed a three weeks' series of meetings for us. Al- 
though" the roads were bad. the first week, the attendance was 
good throughout. Our brother preached the Word with power. 
Two were baptized. — Peter Brewer, South English, Iowa, Dec. 

Garrison. — We met in council Dec. 21, with Bro. Wm. Long 
in charge. Church, Sunday-school and Christian Worker offi- 
cers were elected for the coming year. We have no presiding 
elder at this place at present. Our revival meetings were 
conducted by Bro. John Burton as evangelist, and Sister Mar- 
tha Hamer as leader in song service. The meetings closed 
Dec. 21. with fifteen converts. We all felt very much encour- 
aged over this, and hope that the good work may continue. 
The attendance was good during all the meetings, even though 
the roads were bad. — Estella Blough, Garrison. Iowa, Dec. 24. 

Salem On account of business, relative to a change of 

workers in our Lenox Mission, our first quarterly council for 
1913 was held Dee. 20, Eld. Solomon Bucklew, who moved 
among us some months ago. will move to Lenox, Jan. 1, and 
take charge of the work there. Bro. J. C. Cover and wife 
are also moving there, and will have charge of the Sunday- 
school work. Bro. D. F. Sink was chosen elder for the com- 
ing year. The writer was chosen church correspondent. 
Bro. O. C. Caskey was advanced to the second degree of the 
ministry. At our recent Sunday-school election at the coun- 

in every way, though only a short time could be used to prac- 
tice and train them in recitations and singing, etc. Much 
credit is due Sister Schul, our city worker, and other sisters, 
for training the children in so short a time, There were 170 
persons present, and all seemed pleased with the evening ex- 
ercises We hope to improve still more as the time goes on. 

Jasper N, Perry, 625 East Ninth Street, Hutchinson, Kans., 

Dec. 22. 

Kansas City, Kansas (Centra) Avenue Church). — The Mis- 
sion Board of Northeastern Kansas met with us Dec. 23. and 
on the evening of the same day we held' our regular quar-i 
terly council, at which time the officers for the coming year 
were elected. ..Sister Viola Cline was elected superintendent 
of the Sundav-school. Bro. Elmer Harman was chosen as 
president of the Christian "Workers. Bro. I. H. Crist was 
chosen elder for the coming year. At the close of the serv- 
ices those selected as leaders for the various offices during 
the coming year, were called to the' front seat, after which 
Bro. R. A. Yoder conducted a very spiritual consecration serv- 
ice in behalf of the workers and the church. — Roy Crist, 14 
South Boekee Street. Kansas Oity, Kans., Dec. 25. 

MorrilL — Our three weeks' series of meetings, conducted by 
Bro. William Lampin, closed on Sunday evening with a 
packed house. As an immediate result, thirty-four united 
with the church. Thirty-three were baptized, and one was re- 
claimed. A most enjoyable love feast was held on Monday 
evening following the revival. Bro. Lampin goes from heTe to 
Peabody, Kans. — C. B. Smith, Morrill, Kans., Dec. 26. 

Ottawa church met in council' Dec. 20. This was largely a 
meeting for the presentation of yearly reports and electing 
officers for the coming year. Sister Grace Esbelman was 
elected president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. 
Frank Eshelman wa»s chosen superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. Bro. G. M. Throne will be our elder for the coming 
year; Bro. Fred Anderson^ treasurer: Sister Martha BHcken- 
staff, solicitor; Sister Olive M. Wheeler, clerk and Messenger 
correspondent pur retiring elder, Bro. P. E. Whitmer. has 
served us most faithfully for three years, and It Is with re- 
luctance 'that we grant his request to relieve him. but we re- 
joice in having one among us who is awake to our needs, and 
fully capable of being a shepherd to the flock. Bro. Throne 
and wife have lived and labored with us here for a number of 
vears, and we believe they will have the support and coopera- 
tion of all the members. We believe that the coming year 
will be one of srpirltual progress In the church, and all of 
Its departments. Bro. Samuel Heckman, of Appanoose, as- 
sisted' us In our council, and was tendered a vote of thanks 
for the same. We expect to hold our Christmas program Tues- 
day evening, Dec. 24. — Olive M. Wheeler, R. D. 5, Box 31, Ot- 
tawa, Kans., Dec. 21. 

Ramona, — Bro. R. A. Yoder, of Saibetha, Kans., commenced 
a series of meetings Dec. 5 and closed Dec. 22. He labored 
earnestly and proclaimed the Word with power. Splendid in- 
terest and attention were manifested during the meetings, by 
the members and outsiders. The members were strengthened. 
Three souls were born into the kingdom, and others are con- 
sidering the cost.— J. H. Long, R. D. 1, Ramona, Kans., Dec. 23. 


Fairview church met In council Dec. 14. Our elder, Bro. 
J. W. Kelser, presided. Bro, C. W. Stutsman was chosen elder 
for one year; Bro. R. R. McKimmy, secretary; Bro. P. A. Mc- 
Kimmy. treasurer; Bro. B. F. Roeback, solicitor; Sister Eva 
McKimmy, Messenger correspondent. We granted three let- 
ters of membership. We reorganized our Sunday-school, with 
Bro. R. R. McKimmy as superintendent and Bro. Isaac Mc- 
Kimmy as secretary. Bro. D. P. Koch, of Pioneer. Ohio, 
closed a series of meetings here Dec. 15. 1 He gave us nine- 
teen inspiring sermons. — Eva McKimmy, R. D. 4, Box 44, 
Blissfield, Mich., Dec. 19. 

Lake View. — Our church met in council Dec. 14. wl^h our 
elder, Bro. C. L. Wilklns, presiding. One letter of member- . 
ship was granted. After services one brother was received 
iito the church by baptism. Bro. Wilkins remained here over 
Sunday antf preached' for us both morning and evening.— Ella 
Keith. Brethren, Mich., Dec. 17. -^ 


CabooL — Our revival, conducted by Bro. C. P. Rowland, of 
Lanark, 111., closed on Sunday evening. Dec. 15, with am over- 
flowing house. The Interest was good and' the sermons were 
Inspiring. As a result of his efforts, four came out on the 
Lord's side. The weather was fine and the attendance was 
good. We had Bible study each evening, and twenty-six ser- 
mons were delivered. Bro. Rowland goes from here to the 
town church in Cabool, where he will preach for one week. — 
Florence Oxley, Mountain Grove, Mo., Dec. 18. 

Mount Herman ohurch met in council Dec, 21, with the 
writer presiding. Eld. B. B. Hylton was with us and gave us 
good assistance and advice. Five letters of membership were 
received. We decided that the brethren pay into the treasury 
twenty-five cents each, per quarter, and that the sisters pay 
ten cents each per quarter, to raise our quota for District Mis- 
sion work. We have closed our Sunday-school for the next 
quarter. We changed our appointment for preaching from the 
fourth Sunday to the first and third Sundays.— N. A. Duncan, 
R. D. 3, Norwood, Mo., Dec. 26. 

Glasston church met ini council Dec. 9, with Eld. M. Alva 
Long presiding. Four letters were _gramted. Bro, A. C 
Thompson was elected Messenger agent. Officers for Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' Meeting were elected. Bro. A. 
D. Kesler was reelected Sunday-school superintendent. We 
decided to get the Graded Lessons for the primary class. 
Sister N. G. Troyer was elected president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting. We have an evergreen Sunda.y-school, with 
a good attendance for the winter months. — Mrs. A. C. Thomp- 
son, Big Timber, Mont., Dec. 22. 

milk Biver Valley. — Sunday-school and preaching services 
are held each Sunday at the home of our pastor, Bro. J. A. 
Brumbaugh. We also held services on Thanksgiving Day, 
and a council Dec. 21. Bro. Brumbaugh presided, having 
charge of the work here In the absence of Bro. J. E. Keller, 
our elder In charge. Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. E. J. Brubaker as superintendent, and Sister Mary 
Smith as secretary. It was decided to build a temporary 
place of worsh'ip and to have it ready by May 1, 1913. Any 
help along this line from churches in our District will be 
appreciated, as we are just beginning the Lord's work In a 
new place. There Is no church of any denomination close at 
present. We think this is a good field for work, but a church- 
house will greatly add to our convenience. The writer is' the 
Messenger correspondent.— Mrs. J. Y. Sollenberger, Gildford, 
Mont., Dec 23. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 



Carrington church met in council Dec 14. Our elder, Bro. 
Alfred Kreps, presided'. One letter was received and three 
were granted. "We reelected Bro. Kreps as elder in oharge; 
Bro. Miller, trustee; Bro. Shatter, clerk. Sunday-school offi- 
cers were also elected, — Anna Miller, Oarrington, N. Dale, 
Dec. 20. 

Salem church met In council Dec. 21, with, Bro. G. W. Stong 
presiding. Our church and Sabbath -school officers were elected 
for the coming year. Bro. A. B. Hollinger was elected super- 
intendent, with the writer as secretary. Bro. David Gingrich 
was elected church clerk; Bro. David Huftord, Messenger 
agent; the writer, Messenger correspondent. Services were an- 
nounced for Christmas Day. We need the prayers of the 
Brotherhood, as c-ur church progress is rather in a standstill 
condition. — (Mrs.) Ada E. Benner, Newville, N. Dak., Dec. 24. 

Ashland. — Last Sunday morning Sister W. D. Keller gave 
us an inspiring address. Her subject was, " The Christian 
Life." Among the Impressive points we note the following: 
Religion Is not a coat, to be put on each Sunday and laid 
aside during the week. "We must take our religion with us 
into our work, in the office, shop, kitchen or schoolroom. The 
way that leads up to God Is the way of humility, of simplicity. 
It is not broad enough for us to take all the things of the 
world with us. The things that are vital, the things of truth 
and that lead nearer to God are the things that should con- 
cern us. The members of the Aid Society are busy sewing, 
and getting ready for the Christmas offering.— Ida Helm, 
Ashland, Ohio, Dec. 13. 

Beech Grove church held her home love feast Nov. 30. 
About seventy members communed. Bro. D. S. Filbrun, of 
Circlevllle, Ohio, officiated 1 . Our love feast was followed by 
a two weeks' series of meetings, conducted by Bro. D. S. Fil- 
brun. He preached eighteen gospel sermons. While there 
were no accessions, the church was much strengthened. — Mary 
13. Rife, R. D. 1, Hollansburg, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Canton Center church met in council Dec. 21. Eld. Samuel 
Sprankel, of Masslllon, Ohio, presided: The congregation was 
well represented. Officers were elected for the ensuing year. 
Bro. Milton M. Taylor was chosen as superintendent of the 
Sunday-school and also president of the Christian Workers' 
Meeting. It was also decided to secure Bro. D. R. McFadden, 
of Smithville, Ohio, to hold a series of meetings for us In 
1013. The writer was chosen as Messenger correspondent. — A. 
H. Miller, K, D. 3, Louisville, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Eagle Creek church met in council Dec. 14. Our elder, 
Bro. G. A. Snider, of Lima, Ohio, presided. Bro. Snider was 
retained as our elder for the ensuing year. Sister Hattie 
Bame was again ohosen as our Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. 33. Bosserman, Messenger agent; Sister Sara Freed, 
correspondent. Bro. D. R. McFadden, of Smithville, will as- 
sist us in a series of meetings, beginning Dec. 22. — Sara Freed, 
Williamstown, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

East Dayton. — The children of our Sunday-school conducted 
their Christmas exercises on Sunday evening, Dec 22. The 
program occupied about an hour, after which Bro. Dorsey 
Hodgden very appropriately addressed the children for a few 
minuites. We greatly appreciated the assistance of several 
from the Trotwood congregation In this service. The services 
of Bro. Hodgden have been secured for this place, for a few 
months, at least, taking, the place of Bro. Wm. Swinger, who 
has so earnestly rendered his services here for a number of 
months. A box of clothing has recently been received from 
the Donnels Creek Aid Society. It is an appreciated gift at 
this season of the year, and its contents are being used among 
the needy of our Sunday-school. — Alice Tippy, 1430 May Street, 
Dayton, Ohio, Dec 23. 

Eversole. — Nov. iC we began a very spiritual series of meet- 
ings, conducted by Eld. J. O. Garst, of Dayton, Ohio. These 
rr eatings grew very interesting and proved very successful. 
As a result of Bro. Garst's earnest and untiring efforts, eight 
souls were received into the church by baptism. On Thanks- 
giving Day Bug, Garst gave us a very able Thanksgiving ser- 
mon. Dec. 5 our meetings closed, Bro. Garst having arranged 
to begin another series of meetings Dec. 7 at Bellefontaine, 
Ohio. Dec. 6 we convened in council at this place, with our 
elder, Bro. Samuel Horning, presiding. Elders Jonas Horn- 
ing, John Beeghly, J. O. Garst, Noah Erbaugh and Robert 
Dillon were with us. Four letters of membership were re- 
ceived and four were granted. Our elder was reelected to 
serve us two years. A few church and Sunday-school officers 
\vtre elected as follows: Bro. Ambrose Landis, church sec- 
retary; Bro. Michael Erbaugh, trustee; Bro. Clarence Er- 
taugh, a member on the Finance Committee and Messenger 
;'.gent; Bro. John Root, Sunday-school superimtendemt; Bro. 
Harvey Priser, chorister, and Bro. C. Diehl, Sunday-school 
secretary. — Clara Erbaugh, R. D. 2, New Lebanon, Ohio, 
Dec 18. 

Ore en spring*. — Our series of meetings, which began Dec. 1 
and closed Dec. 19, was conducted by Bro. W. D. Keller, of 
Ashland, Ohio. He labored very earnestly for the saving of 
souls. The workings of the Holy Spirit were plainly seefi, 
and all felt much encouraged. — Mary Snavely, Old Fort, Ohio, 
Dec 24, 

Lima church met in council on Wednesday evening, with 
our elder, Bro. G. A. Snider, presiding. Election of officers 
for the coming year was the principal business. Bro. J. Mil- 
ler was elected superintendent of the Sunday-school; Sister 
Delia Lehman was reelected secretary; Sister Alice Brown 
was elected president of the Ohristian Workers' Society. — Min- 
nie Jacobs, 620 Linden Street, Lima, Ohio, Dec 23. 

Marion Mission. — We are glad to have Brother and Sister 
Barnett with us to labor in the great oause of the Master. 
By united 1 efforts we expect a great harvest. We find many 
good, honest people here, hungering after the pure Gospel. 
Our crowds' are increasing at each service. At our last 
evening meeting we numbered about fifty. We shall be glad, 
at any time, to have those, who are passing through our city, 
stop and be with us in our services. We extend a special in- 
vitation to the ministering brethren. Any who are thinking of 
changing locations will do well to consider the advantages of 
this place. — Mrs. E. L. TIce, 218 Nell Avenue, Marion, Ohio, 
Dec. 23. 

Pioneer. — Eld. George L. Studebaker, of North Manchester, 
Ind., came to us on Thanksgiving Day and- began a series of 
meetings, which continued until the evening of Dec. 22. Bro. 
Studebaker preached the Word with power and labored ear- 
nestly for the salvation of souls. Sister Studebaker was with 
us the past two weeks and aided greatly in the work. As 
a result of their labors, .eleven precious souls were received 
into the church by baptism, and one was reclaimed. The mem- 
bership was much built up, and we hope to be able to do more 
efficient work for the Master. We expect Bro. Ira Long, of 
Mansfield, Ohio, to hold a series of meetings at the Walnut 
Grove house, beginning sometime in January. — (Mrs.i Ottle 
Fisher, R. D. 1, Pioneer, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Prices Creek.— -Our church met In council Dec 14. Eld. Jo- 
seph Longanecker presided. Two were received by letter. 
Several new officers were chosen for the coming year. The 
!ocai Missionary Committee was given privilege to organize 
a. mission study class. It was decided to build a storm shed 
for the horses.— Walter A. Petry, West Manchester, Ohio, 
Dec. 21. 

"West Dayton ohurch met in council Dec 19, with Eld. David 
Mutsman presiding. Elders D. Hodgden, Joslah Eby and J. 

• Beeghly were present. Seven members were added to our 
number by letter. Six letters were granted. We regret to 
have members leave our ranks, but we are glad that there 
are those who are seeking homes In West Dayton. Eld. 
In u 6n aTld faTnil y have recently located here. The follow- 
ing church officers were elected: Bro. Edward Martin, trustee; 

Bro. I. L Erbaugh. clerk; Bro. W. C. Baker, treasurer; the 
writer, correspondent and Messenger agent; Bro. W. C. Baker 
superintendent of the Sunday-school; Brethren Chester Coop- 
er and Chas. VanScoyk, assistants; Bro. rims, r-ampbell. 
treasurer. These Sunday-school officers are to appoint the 
remaining officers and teachers. — Cordle M. Murray 20 "0 
West Third Street. Dayton. Ohio, Dec. 20. 

West Milton — We met in council Dec. 19. at 1 P. M. Eld 
S. A. Blessing presided. Brethren Samuel Snell and Albert us 
Bucklew were present. We had a very pleasant business meet- 
ing. Five letters were received, and one letter was granted. 
Brethren S. C. Gnagey and E. E. Wenger were elected Sunday- 
school superintendents for the ensuing year. Sister Lina 
Pfelfer was elected church correspondent. Bro. Jeremiah 
Helsey, of West Milton, was advanced to the second degree 
of the ministry. The new addition to our chui-oh house is 
nearing completion. We hope to have It finished sometime be- 
fore Feb. 15. The date of dedication will bo announced later. 
At that time we expect Bro. J W. Fidler, of Brookrille, to 
deliver the dedicatory address, and to follow with a series of 
meetings.— R. C. Wenger, R. D. 1, Union, Ohio, Dec. 22 

White Oak.— ;Nov. 30 Bro. Van B. Wright, of Sinking 
Springs, came to us, and remained until Dec. 1G. He preached 
the Word with power. The meetings had a splendid spiritual 
effect on the church and the neighborhood. One. dear sister re- 
turned to the fold, and others seem to be near. The end of the 
year finds the church wlt/h three erring ones having returned, 
and a noticeable spiritual growth in the membership, with a 
lively hope for the new year. — R. C. Davidson, R. D. 4. Box 
51, Lynchburg, Ohio, Dec 20. 


Hotice.— The place of the next District Meeting in Okla- 
homa, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico will be in the 
Big Creek church, in or near Cushing. — J. H. Morris, Writing 
Clerk. Cordell, Okla., Dec 24. 

Pleasant Plains church met in council Dec 14. Bro. H. 
Booze presided. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected, with Bro. Jacob Fike as superintendent. Bro. H. 
Booze is our elder In charge, and Sister Huida Prentice Is our 
correspondent. We expect to have an all-day Christmas Meet- 
ing, —preaching in the morning and a program in the after- 
noon. Sister Dora Cripe, of Enid, Okla., led our song service 
during Bro. C. I-I. Brown's meetings.— Effie Hammerstead, 
Ringwood, Okla, Dec 22. 


Mohawk Valley church met In council Dec 21. Our elder, 
Bro. H. H. Hitter, presided. Sister Maria Workman was 
elected clerk; Bro. Henry Royer was continued as missionary 
solicitor; the writer was elected correspondent and Messen- 
ger agent. Our Sunday-school was organized for the coining 
year, with Bro. Ritter as superintendent and Sister Laura 
Adams as secretary. There is a large field here for church 
work. Who will come and help? — Mary E. Ritter, Mabel, Or- 
egon, Dec 23. 

Myrtle Point church recently closed a two-weeks' series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. J. Harman Stover, of Macdoel, 
Cal. One young man put on Christ in baptism. Since our last 
report Bro. C. H. Barklow and family have moved to Bandon, 
Oregon. Although we miss them, here in the work, their help 
was needed very much there, and we hope much good may be 
done. Our Sunday -school has decided to give $6 per quarter 
to support an orphan in India We are now preparing a 
Christmas program. — Cora I. Barklow, Myrtle Point, Oregon, 
Dec. 22. 


Back Creek. — At our Thanksgiving Meeting, held at the 
Shank house, Eld. J. H. Brindle, of the Failing Spring congre- 
gation, preached an excellent sermon, after which an offering 
of §41,39 was taken for mission work. At this meeting Bro. 
r : orman Dentler was elected and installed into the deacon's 
office. — J. D. Wilson, R. D. 5, Greeneastle, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Chiqnes. — Dec 7 we commenced a series of meetings at the 
Chiques house, which closed Dec. 22. We had an interesting 
meeting. Bro. Thomas Patrick, of Hanoverdale, preached for 
us and did his work well. Four came out on the Lord's side, 
and two others promised at their homes to start in the good 
life, making six in all. Jan. 12 another revival will com- 
mence at the Mount Hope house, where Bro. A. M. Kuhns 
has promised to labor for us. — 'Henry S. Zug, R. D. 1, Mount 
Hope, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Ellzabethtown church met In council Dec. 5. Eld, S. H, 
Hertzler presided. Officers were elected for the ensuing year. 
Bro. R. W. Schlosser was appointed to take charge of the 
Sunday-school and church work at Stevens Hill. Bro. A. G. 
Longenecker has had oharge of this Sunday-school for many 
years, but as he intends moving to Palmyra, In the near 
future, Bro. Schlosser was elected as his successor. Our se- 
ries of meetings will begin Sunday evening, Dec 22, to be con- 
ducted by Bro. Rufus Bucher. We hope and pray that the 
church will be strengthened by his efforts, and that others 
may accept Christ — C. M. Neff, Elizabeth town, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Ephrata — Sunday morning, Dec. 8, Bro. A. P. Snader, of New 
Windsor, Md., started a series of meetings here and delivered 
eighteen soul-inspiring sermons for us. His sermons were 
brimful of love and truth from God's Word. Six precious souls 
made the good confession, and a number were almost per- 
suaded. — J. M. Neff, Ephrata, Pa., Dec 24. 

Leiiauoii — We have just closed a series of meetings at the 
South Annville house, conducted by Bro. Geo. Weaver, of 
Manhelm, Pa. These services were interesting and well at- 
tended. Bro. J. H. Longenecker, of Palmyra, expects to begin 
a series of meetings at the Annville house Jan. 25. We held 
an election of Sunday-school officers for both houses for the 
coming year, Bro. Bucher Gingrich was elected superin- 
tendent for South Annville, with Bro. Yorty Bomberger as 
secretary; for the Annville house, Bro. Cyrus Winters, Jr., 
superintendent, with Bro. Fred Yake as secretary. — Simon G. 
Bucher, R. D. 4, Lebanon, Pa., Dec 23. 

Manor. — Nov. 10 Bro. J. J. Shaffer came to Penn Run, to 
begin a series of meetings. He remained until Thanksgiving 
Day. The attendance and interest were very good. Four 
were baptized. — Lizzie Swartz, R. D. 2, Lovejoy, Pa., Dec. 17. 

Pleasant mil. — Dec. 21 we met in council at this place, with 
Eld. David Hohf presiding. Our love feast is to be held at 
this place April 19, at 4 P. M. We also received one by bap- 
tism the same day and granted two certificates of membership. 
On Thanksgiving Day a few of the members met to worship 
at this place. We contributed $52.05 for Home and Foreign 
Missions. Later we received additional donations by persons 
who were not present on said day, making a total of J58.10.— 
Amanda K. Miller, R. D. 2. Spring Grove, Pa., Dec. 23. 

Springrville. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. 
Samuel Witmer, of Elizabeth town, Pa., which commenced Dec 
7 and closed Dec 22, was well attended. The members were 
strengthened and encouraged, and others were almost per- 
suaded. Two were made willing to unite with the church. 
Since our last report, one was baptized, and one applicant was 
received. A Temperance Meeting was also held. Bro. Ralph 
Schlosser preached the temperance sermon. — Aaron R. GIbbel, 
R. D. 2, Ephrata, Pa., Dec 23. 

York.— Our series of meetings, conducted by Eld. Wm. Roop, 
of Westminster, Md., for the past two weeks, closed last night 
with two applicants for baptism. — A. S. Hershey, York, Pa., 
Lee. 18. 

B vie ii a Vista, — We began a series of meetings Nov. 24, 
which continued until Dec 8, Bro. S. G. Greyer, our pastor, 
did the preaching, assisted by Eld. S. I. Flory. Eight iden- 
tified themselves with God's people by baptism. Dec. 9 we 
held our council. Eld. S. I. Flory presided, assisted by S. G. 

■ lette: 

of 1 

ibershlp were received, and two 
Our Christmas program was rendered 
ueo, -l We had a full house, and the children did exceed- 
ingly well. — W, K. Gilbert,. Buena Vista, Va., Dec 25 

Pleasant Valley.— Our church met In council Dec. 14. Our 
older. Bro. S. P. Reed, presided. Officers were elected for the 
coming year, with Sister Mollle Reod, clerk; Bro. Merrltte 
Reed, treasurer; Bro. Michael Heed, Messenger agent ■ the writ- 
er, correspondent. Bro. Michael Reed, Sisters Amanda Du- 
lany and Catharine Hylton were appointed a Missionary Com- 
mittee Brethren A. N. Hyllon and S. EX Hylton are expected 
to conduct a series of meetings for us sometime in January — 
Peter Hylton, Floyd, Va., Dec. 21. 

Roanoke City — We met In council Dec. 13, with Eld P S 
Miller presiding. Bro. Miller tendered his resignation which 
was unanimously declined. It was decided at this meeting 
to increase our number of Hymnals. More booki-acks are also 
to be added. Bro. Miller was appointed to secure an evan- 
gelist to hold a aeries of meetings for us next fall. The 
bJbonezer Orphanage children were granted the privilege of 
giving an exei-else in our church Dec. 22, at 7:30 P. M. Bro. 
L. C. Moomaw was again chosen secretary and treasurer. Bro. 
l.eland has been elected to this office twelve successive 
times. Bro. W. S. Greonway was elected Messenger agent; 
the writer, Messenger correspondent; Bro. H. Allen Hoover 
Sunday-school superintendent, with Sister Kmma Skeggs, 
secretary- treasurer. — Lula A. Shlckel. 005 Third Avenue, N W, 
Roanoke, Va., Dec 20. 

Sunnysido cliuroh met in council Doc 14. Bro. D. B, Eby 
presided. Three were received by letter, and six letters were 
granted. Since our last report, church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected. Bro. J. A. Eby was chosen as our older; 
Sister Orpha Eby. Messenger eerrcspomhrnt; Bro. M. E. Os- 
walt, treasurer; the writer, clerk; Bro. George Panbch, super- 
intendent; Sister Alice B rough, secretary, Bro. George C. 
Carl, of Portland, Oregon, held a four weeks' series of meetings 
for ns at the Outlook ehurehliouso and the Euclid school- 
house. Ho gnvc us some very Inspiring .svrinons. — Mrs. M. E 
Oswalt, Sunnyside, Wash., Dec. 18, 

Mount Union (Wiles Hill church).— We met In our council, 
with Eld. Barnthouso presiding. The meeting was opened 
with devotional exercises;, and the business for 1913 was taken 
up. Bro. John Osboru was chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Sister Dora Wolfe, cradle roll superintendent; Bm, 
Arthur Bailey, Messenger agent; Bro. Samuel Hayes, church 
treasurer. We granted five letters. our elder preached a 
very Interesting sermon for us on Thursday evening, and 
a free-will offering of 55.45 was given. Brother and Sister 
J. W, "Riblln, of Summitville, Ind., have been with ua Cor 
about live monthsi They left Cor their homo last week. Our 
church and Sunday-school miss tliein. Sister RLhlln led In 
the song service while here.— Mary Wolfe, I! lit Beeohurst 
Avenue, Morg&ntown, W. Va., Dec 20. 


' Write what thou sccst, i 

:nd it unto the churches " 


Nov. 12 Bro. N. F. Brubaker, of Fruita, Colo,, came lo 
us, and remained for thirteen days, delivering fourteen 
strong, inspiring sermons. As a direct result of his earn- 
est and devoted efforts, one was reclaimed and two others 
were made willing to accept the way of salvation. The 
members have been greatly strengthened and unified, 
Bro. Brubaker is surely an earnest and strong worker, 
and is successful in enlisting the cooperation and assist- 
ance of the members. The interest was good at all the 
meetings, and we were providentially favored with very 
beautiful weather. 

Our revival closed Nov. 24, with a .love feast, conducted 
by Bro. Brubaker. Twenty-two brethren and sisters sur- 
rounded the Lord's tables. A considerable number of 
outsiders witnessed the administration of the sacred 
ordinances with interest and the best of attention. 

On Sunday, after Sunday-school, we held a special Sun- 
day-school Meeting, presided over by our Sunday-school 
Secretary, Bro. J. A. Austin, of Fruita. This meeting 
proved to be intensely interesting. The service, includ- 
ing the Sunday-school session, lasted about four hours, 
with splendid interest. 

That evening we met at 5:30 for a Missionary Meeting, 
which was also conducted by Bro. Austin. This meeting 
was very interesting and instuetive, and we were brought 
to a fuller realization of our missionary responsibilities. 
Following this meeting, Bro. Brubaker delivered a very 
forceful and touching farewell sermon, 

We have since organized our Ladies' Aid Society, and 
are ready for more and better work along that line. We 
have certainly been blessed spiritually. Truly, we should 
be very thankful for so many unmerited, spiritual feasts. 

Our Sunday-school has made an excellent showing, 
with an average attendance of over forty-one each Sun- 
day, during the past year. Considering the fact that this 
is a rural community, the results attained make us feel 
like striving still more earnestly in the future. We all 
feel like going about our "King's business," with renewed 
energy and consecration, We now feel that, as a church, 
we are prospering, and we solicit the united prayers of 
the Brotherhood that we may "fight the good fight" and 
grow strong in the faith of our Lord. W. B, Ely. 

Crawford, Colo., Dec. 22. 


Thanksgiving Day, with the Denver church, was spent 
mostly in work to advance the Master's cause. The writer 
gave an address at 10:30 A. M. The offering for World- 
wide Missions was $7.15, 

After dinner, in the basement, much of the afternoon 
was spent in the election of officers for the coming year. 
Bro. John A. Robinson was chosen as Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Mary Culler, superintendent of the 
primary department. For the West Side Mission Sunday- 





96 62 

month of October. 1912: 


Union 123.60; Osceola, J5.67, ••■•■■•* 
union » ",„ (marriage notice). 

50 cents; J P. Hoffman (marriage 
Middle' District' Congregation: ' ' 

Crosswhlte (marriage notice). 50 

RuUi Bowers. ■ ■ 

KisBOuri— SU4.07. „..,„„,, 

Middle District, fongregatlons. 

ructrid Meetlnc ofterlng. ?o9.-'. 
Spring Branch. ,30; Mineral Creek. 
,17 31; Various churches, per D. L. 

Moi.lcr, ,18.42. 

^TcimrcrTliansas City. Mo.. 

S.Ta iSSnostock, ,1; Katie A. Lah- 

SrSffS. Individuals 

Wm H. Swan, S2; W. E. koop 

(marriage notice). 50 cents 

Idaho— 32.00. „ n _ av . 

Archie Muvrav.Jl.50: J. H. Gray 

bill (marriage notice), 50 cents, ... 

Tennessee—-? 2 - 00 - 


Belinda Riley 

M ^ef„^S?fct. Individuals 

P. M. RadclitTe and wife. $11; D._B. 

Miller and wife, ?5, 


Previously received, % 3,017 56 

6.50 For the year so far, ? 3.487 81 


Missouri— 95.00. . .„ 

Anna Miller » 5 °° 

1& 00 Total for the month 5 6 00 

Previously received, ll vv 

2 00 
1 00 









_nd Mrs. J. E. Zollcrs 

"S r g*Nicl!5?WrI.*o notice), • ■ -±__J1 

Total for the month 21 461 97 

previously reported • "' 

Total for year so far $22,100 93 


Christian Workers. 


Oklahoma— S6.75. 
Christian Workers. 


Michigan— $3.00. - 

>*,.o -CfaTilr UpRd * 

8 70 jr or the year so far ■ • ' 

6 75 worth Dakota — $51.50. 

Frances Moore, S2; Samuel Sheets, 

3 00 $D- C Koolhoff, SB; Bro. and Sister 

C. Stevens. $5; Edith Cocanower, 

, n District. Christian Workers.^ |2.50; Ma C. pricks, |6: M^ P. 

. SB: Mrs. Millie Moore. $2,.$ 

Mrs. Frank Reed 


163 95 
319 87 

105 00 
6 07 

2 00 

; Sunfleld, $13; East 


can (marriage notice), 
California — 5101.00. - 

Northern District. Individual. 

AD Bowman (marriage notices). 

S T\ e o r n% D n i ^Trnor I y nd o V f id his J mother, 

m R°?vf^a^5 3 ?-Su e ar Bidge f 3.50, 
Lone Lake, S6; Onekama, $3.82 

James W. Buell 

Worth Dakota— §50.00. 

F. D. Saylor 

|SSr 5 '„ 1 'S?S^ 3 ""-ivldua. 

T F Imler (marriage notices).... 
SoutheVn District, Individuals. wi _ 

Solomon Strauser. S4.60 C. tt Wl 
ney (marriage notice). 50 cents. .. . 
Western District, Sunday-schools 

Walnut Grove. ,17.42', Llgonler- 
Wateriord, ,14 ; ' 

Catherine A. Wakler 

NoSheSt - ™ District, Congregation.. 
Freeburg, . . -• ■■■ •■ ■ "■;Ac. "tV '■p 

Elizabeth Harshman. $25 D. *. 
Eby. Si; Catherine Hochstetler, ?l, 
Northwestern District. Individual. 

S P Early (marriage notice), 

^^an^oys. HO; A Sister, 
$10; Unknown, $5 

^NortheS^ofstrlct, Congregation. 

Mt. Carroll, . ._■ 

A Friend, Elgin, •■■■-■•■, 

Southern District, Individual. 

Daniel Mohler, 

Canada — 917.60. 


Virginia — $17.04. 

First District. Individual. 

A. F. Pursley, 

Northern District, Individual* # 

Bro. and Sister R. W. Hllbert.... 
Eastern District. Congregation. 

Southeastern' District, Congregation. 


Sunday -school. 

Primary Class— Cottonwood 

Oklahoma— §6.67. 

N 1 Ml Bowmai,; ' $1; ' D.' ' E. ' Crip^ 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 

SoV""'Sefn- <> D-lstrlct Individuals. 

Bro and Sister Yates, 

Western District. Individual. 

J. E. Bryant (marriage notice),.. 

Nc^thef^Distrlct, Individual. 

Edward Eikenberry, . 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Wm Meier, *1. Virgil C. Finnell 

(marriage notices), $1, . . . - ■ ■ - 

Southern District, Individuals. 

1 00 










Michigan— 541.00. 


Woodland. $20; 
Thornapple. J8, . . 
Calif o rnia —$32.00. 
Southern District, 

I. s. Metzger 

frSfe^CtHc.. Sumlay-schoo, 

Manus Salorum Class— ElKhart 

MWdle' District, ' Sunday-school. ■ 
prlmarv Dept.. Manchester 

JfSSlSSrn District. Sunday-school. 

Kansas City 

SoutteS District, Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk 

NorthSsteVn District, Sunday-school. 

Silver Creek-Hickory Grove .__ 

Total for the month ? 

Previously received -.. 

For this year so far 5 

nmi A . mission. 

son, $12.15; Lakeview, $S.65 * 

Mrs. Frank Reed 

Virginia — $23.16, 

Second Distriot, Congregation. 

Barren Bidge ■ 

Illinois— SI -00. , 

Northern District, Individual. 

Miss Clara E. Wolfe ■__ 

For the year so far * 

41 00 

SKTDlSriS: Christian Workers. 
32 00 Los Angeles, 525; Glendora, ,16, ., 

fo a SJe^?n D,stric.. Individual. 

Mrs. Susan Crumpacker 

10 00 Indiana— $28.16. 

NorthernDlstrict, Congregation. 

10 00 Bethel ,■■:.■■■,■ ■ y„ * " 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A C. and Katie Metzger 

10 00 Pennsylvania— $26.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Susanna Hutchison , (E. Shore Md.) 
5 00 Southern Distriot, Aid Society. 


2 03 NorU^ester'n District, Congregation. 

■ Lima, 

110 03 Idaho — $2.00. 

211 68 Lizzie Greene, - 

,321 61 Total for the month, * 

previously received ■ 









McClaln, 56; Mrs. Mat tie Moore, 

Ki H S W. Belirends, $1; Richland -Cen- 
ter Sunday-school, $5; Minerva 
Manckley. $2; M. D. Gauby. $5; Alice 
lOlwood, 50 cents; B. O. El wood, $1, 
A. Z. Gates, $5; Otto Zappe, So; H. 
K Tice, $2; W. T. Davisson, 51; C.^ 
K! Gauby, $2, 

Total for the month 

Previously received 

For the year so far, 

General Fund. 
Indiana — $30.19. 

Four Mile Sunday-school, 
Pipe Creek Sunday-school, 
Bhipshewana Sunday-school, 
Baugo Sunday-school, $2.75, .. 
Illinois — $22.00. 

Creek S. S„ $20; R 

27 60 
79 00 

$ 239 24 




For the year so far, 


Pennsylvania— $16.90. 

Southern District, Congregation. 




S. S., 52, .. 
Wisconsin — $10.00. 

Wtillard ] 

Kansas — $8.00. „. „ , 

KWhlaiSS S. S., $5; MoPherson S. 

S.. S3 

Ohio — $6.55. 

Lick Creek S. S '-■ 

Pennsylvania, — $4.57. 

Sugar Run S. S ■ 

Maryland — $2.00. 

Laura Jennings ■_ 

22 00 
W 00 

4 57 ■ 

2 00 

10 00 
6 90 

9 00 
27 00 

6 50 
5 00 

1 00 
15 54 

Total for the month '■ ■ ■ -$ J4 26 

Previously received '" 

For the year so far S SIS 41 


Maryland — $35.00. , 

Eastern District. Sunday-school. 

Carter's Bible Class, Washington.^ ^ ^ 

lo wa^-$ 

Middle District, Sunday-school 

Old Sisters' Class, Panther Cree k, 5 10 

Total for the month, S i« 7K 

Previously received Jail 

For the year so far, * 239 85 

Washington.— $14.55. 

Sunday-school. ■ „ .. 

Wide-awake Workers' Class, North 
Yakima, ■ ■ ■ ■ ♦ AH 

C A. and Libbie Bates, 10 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, . 

Total for the month, S JHi 

Previously reported, iiy ua 

For -the year so- far, ■* 313 39 

Building' Tund. 

For the ye; 

it so far S 

Ulinois — $1.00. 

Northern District. Individual. 

Etta Rinehart ■» 

Total for the 'month 5 

previously received ■ 

For the year so far, $ 


Illinois — $2.57. 

Northern District, 

Christian Workers. 


Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

For the year so far, 


For the year so far * 


Pennsylvania^ — $8.00. 

Middle District. Sunday-school. 
S. N. Brumbaugh's Class, Altoona, 

Total for the month 5 

Previously received 

For the year so far, 5 


Iowa, — $100.00. 

Northern District,- Sunday-school. 
Greene, .V. * 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, . 


For the year so far, . . < ^ 5 


(The itemized "report of this fund will be 
found in December issue of Visitor.) 

Pennsylvania, . . . ~. ' 

Indiana, \ jg qq 

California on n(i 

Illinois ll S 

Washington 1 | ^ 

Idaho 5 " U 

266 00 

Total for the month, : $ J 37 

Previously reported ■ ■ ■ zoa f0 

For the year so far, 5 281 13 


Amount in treasury May 1, 1912, as 

reported: at York A. M., * 

Receipts since then: 
J. W. Lear, Decatur, 111., . . . . ■ - ■ • • ■ 
Bachelor Run Church, Middle Indi- 
ana, per Boyd Bechtelheimer . 
Locust Grove S. S., Nettle Creek 
Cong, Ind., per John Herr, Cam- 
bridge City, Ind., ---•-;■ ■-™'L" 
Christian Workers' Society, Pleas- 
ant View, Ohio, a>er Vernie A. 
Carroll, Lima, Ohio, ■■■•■■■■■;.•■■ 
Altoona Church, Pa., per D. B. Mad- 
docks ■ - - • ■ ■ ■ • ' Vil" 

Locust Grove S. S„ Johnstown, Pa., 
Cong., per D. C. Ribblet, .......... 

Temperance Committee Northern 
111 and Wis., per C. H. Keltner, 

Mt. Morris, III ■"■,"•- 4," 

Walnut Grove S. S.. Johnstown, Pa. 
Cong., per R. W. Keyser, R. 3, 

Johnstown, Pa ■ ■ ■ 

Worthington Church, Minn., per J. 

F 'Williams 

Maple Springs". S., per Wm. F. Grif- 

East ' Thornapple S. S., per 

Smith, Clarksville, Mich., 
So. California and Arizona 

per S. W. Funk 

310 35 

1 06 
3 25 

5 00 

16 00 

6 00 
2 00 

11 48 


Total for the month, 

470 25 

Total receipts up to Nov. 1. m2, £^401 35 
Hooversville. Pa. 

school Sister Emery was chosen superintendent. Bro. H. 
Katherman and Sister Nora E. Robinson were chosen 
president and vice-president of the Christian Workers 
Meeting; Bro. C. E. Shively, church clerk, and Bro. Mor- 
ris F. Robinson, chorister. 

Brethren John A. Robinson and Morris Robinson, and 
Sisters Cora Crisler and Vinna Yeoman compose the 
Temperance Committee. Brethren John Robinson and C. 
E Shively, and Sisters Nora Robinson and Mary Culler, 
were appointed on the Missionary Committee. Bro. 
Jesse Culler was chosen church treasurer, and Bro. Wal- 
ter Kelso, treasurer of the Sunday-school and sinking 
fund; the writer, Messenger agent and correspondent. 
With our sixty officers in all, our church work should 
make great advancement. Our feast, last evening, was 
an enjoyable 'one. A spiritual awe. seemed to pervade 
the entire assembly, while thirty-seven members rever- 
ently engaged in the inspiring services of the evening. 
Our notice was (unintentionally) so short that no visit- 
ing members were present. The writer officiated. 

T. A. Robinson. 
1122 South Ogden Street, Denver, Colo., Dec. 2. 


■• Ble. 

are the dead which die in the Lord" 


' What therefore God hath joined together, let n 

Marriage notice, shonld be accompanied by 50 cents 

Berkenue-Pearce.— By the undersigned. Dec. 12. 1912. at the 
home of the bride/a parents, Johnstown. Pa., Bro. Earl c. 
Berkeblle and Ethel P. Pearce.— W. M. Howe. Johnstown, Pa. 

Steward-Weime-rt. — At the home of the underslg-ned. 2727 
Harvey Avenue, Fresno. Cal., Dec. 8, 1912, Bro. Stephen E. 
Steward, of Kerman, Cal., and Sister Lura Weimert, of Larneo, 
Kans. — A. D. Bowman. Fresno, Cal. 

Albert, Bro. Jonas, born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, Feb. 
04 1S40 died at his home In Middlebury, Ind., Dec. 14, 1912. 
aged 72 yeare, 9 months and 20 days. In April. 1S66, he w<bs 
married to Barbara Farmwald, Eleven children were born 
to this union. A loving companion and eight children survive 
him A daughter, eleven years old, died In 1888. Two died 
in infancy. He united with tsle Church of the Brethren when 
he was twenty-one years old, and lived a consistent life until 
death. Services by the writer. Text, Num. 23: 10.— J. H. Fike, 
Middlebury. Ind, 

Black, Bro. Harry J., died suddenly from the effects of being 
run over bv a train on' which be was employed as a brake- 
man near Haeerstown, Md., Nov. 25, 1912, aged about 40 years. 
He Is survived by three brothers, bis mother and two orphan 
boys. Their mother, Sister Katie Black; who was a sister to 
Eld C D Bonsack, died some years ago. Services in the 
Meadow Branch church by Eld. E. A. Snader. assisted by Rev. 
W. H. Hetrick. Interment in the adjoining cemetery. — W. Ji. 
Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Bixler, Thelma Virginia, daughter of Edward and Sallle 
BiJler. born Dec. S. 1911. died Dec. 15, 1912. aged 1 year and 
7days. She leaves tar parents, three sisters and live brothel s. 
Little Thelma was, sick only a few days from snmal menin- 
gitis Services at the Cherry Grove U. B. church by Rev. J. 
H. p.runk. Text, Rev. 14: 13.-Lizzle A. Thomas, Einvtlle 
Depot, Va. 

cadwallader, Sister Mary M., nee Young, born in 1849 In 
Highland County, Ohio, died Dee. 9. 1912, aged 63 yeais. 5 
,,;i, n ii,« on.i "I daw She and her husband were born into the 
rngdom a of Ciidst „ .375. and continued in the Christian life 
for thirtv-seven vears. Her husband died one year ago. To 
1 „„ on sx children were born. A„. with their companions 
are members of the church, except one daughter and her 
t'omu" nioT Brother and Sister cadwallader came ; to Jasper 
, ■ I „ in 1S6S. and have ever since lived in this vlc.n- 

£y BotTw^re loved and respected by all who knew ffim 
as wo all called her. had a kind word and a 
Her sufferings were intense, yet she bore them 
When *he was told she could not recover, ** 

said she was ready to go. She called for our elder and his 
wife and for her children, and engaged with them in prayer 
and 'songs. Services by our elder, Bro. W. I Buckingham, 
and Bro. Samuel Goughnour, of Des Moines. Text, Rev. 14. 
13. Interment in the Griffith cemetery near the church.— 
-Jennie Alexander, R, D. 2, Monroe, Iowa. 

lusher, Annie, wife of David Fisher, died Dec 12, 1912,- from 
a complication of diseases, after an illness of about fourteen 
months. She is. survived by her husband and two sons serv- 
ices at Manheim by Mr. Kreidler and the writer Interment 
in the Falrview cemetery. Text, 1 Peter 1: 4.— H. B. Toder. 
343 Charlotte Street, Lancaster, Pa. 

Pieese, Bro. Joslah, born April 20. 1S50. died at Ills home In 
Roaring Spring, Pa., Nov. 20, 1912. aged 
and 6 days. He was 

and was 


months and 

years, 7 months 

; a faithful and consistent member of the 

About two years ago he ■ 

A" t '! 6 - A1 S"^ t dea"h re Hls presence In 


holding that office at the time of his 
church services and Sunday-school is greatly mis, 
hSTm the Cross Roads Brethren church by Brethren Brice 
Sell and James Brumbaugh. Interment in the adjoining cem- 
etery—Scott Johnson, Roaring Spring, Pa. 

Homer Kenneth, son of Dr. and Mrs. Walter C. 
born July 26, 190.9, died Dec, 17, 1912. aged lyean, 
■ and 21 days. The father and mother are left 'jeait- 
brokeT. aj they mourn the loss of the last of their children. 
Ss little sister, Ruth, preceded him »*™ da* S fndtwo in- 
fant brothers died several years ago.-H. Snell, 3435 Van 
Buren Street, Chicago, 111. 

Garter, Sister Anna, wife of Bro. Joel Garber (deceased), 
bo?nOct 8, 1831, died of old age and heart trouble. Dec. 14, 
1912, at the home of her son, Mr. 
Va., where She had made her how. 
aged SI years. 


Garber, Nokesville, 

r about three years, 

. 1Q and 6 days- She was a faithful 

member of the Brethren church for about sixty years. She 

leaves four sons, three daughters and two brothers.^ 

id by Bro. ooseph ICagey, of Dayton, Va, Text, Rev. 
at ivuu.ii.mi u S ^ ^..^ 1 .„„ J ™„ ve a f rom Rockingham Coun- 

i among the Breth.n 

"Aunt Magg," 
smile for all. 
all patiently. 


14- 13 She, with her husband, move 

t Jho%^r 9 l"e«?"n t EJter„ T Vn y ginl-a.- At this time there 
are mo?e than 1 00» members In this part of the country.- 
Mollie E. Hedvlck. Nokesville. Va. 

oarher Bro Christian, died Nov. 30, 1912, of asthma, in 
lh?Beave, C.U congregation. Rockingham C< >■;. ?£• fg^™ 
v.ars 11 months and 20 days. He was first married to Sister 
Mar?' Mile" who died about eleven years ago. He itanA 
married Sister Bethe Sanger, who died In January. 1912. He 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 4, 1913. 

[3 survived by two sons and Ave daughters. During his ill- 
ness he was anointed. He served in the office of deacon for 
many years. Services at Beaver Creek by Brethren A. S. 
Thomas and M. J. Cline. — Nannie J. Miller, Bridge water, Va. 

Gaunt, Sister Elizabeth, nee Miller, born in Clermont Coun- 
ty, Ohio, April 7, 1842, died in the Crowson congregation, 
Tjawrence Co., Teffliii, Dec 16, 1912, aged 70 years, 8 months and 
!) days. She was united in marriage to N. Gaunt March 30, 
18G5. To this union three sons and one daughter (who is an 
invalid) were born. Her husband preceded her in death eight- 
een years ago. Sister Gaunt was a member of the Church of 
Hie Brethren for over thirty years, and lived a noble Christian 
life until the end. Services at the house by the writer, as- 
sisted by Bro. A. M. Bashor. Text, John 11: 25.— J. I* Guthrie, 
Dawrenceburg, Term. 

Hess, Susan A., born near "Waynesboro, Pa., April 5, 1S63, 
died Nov. 29, 1912, aged 49 years, 7 months- and 24 days. She 
is survived by her husband and l'our children. All are mem- 
bers of the church except the youngest son. Services by Eld. 
\Vm. H. Miller, of Hanover, Pa., who was engaged in a series 
of meetings In the Falling Spring congregation. The oldest 
son was received! into the church three days before his mother 
died. Text, Deut 33: 27. The writer assisted in the services, 
—J. H. Brindle, Kailffman, Pa. 

Hostetler, John Amos v born in. Juniata County, Pa,, Nov. 
20, 1848, died Dec. 4, 1912, aged 64 years. He was the son of 
David ahd Sarah Smith Hostetler. He was married to Sarah 
Ann Coffman May 5, 1868. Eight children" were born to this 
union. Seven died in infancy. One daughter and five sisters 
survive him. His wife preceded him in March, 1S92. He 
was a member of the Brethren church at one time, but later 
united with the Lutheran church. Interment in the Paradise 
cemetery. Services- by the Lutheran minister. — Mary Bru- 
baker, Weilersville, Ohio. 

Hurst, Sisiter Susannah, died of acute indigestion at her 
home in Orrviile, Ohio, Nov. 23, 1912, aged 67 years, 11 
months and 18 days. She was the daughter of the late Peter 
and Elizabeth Horst. Several brothers and 1 sisters also prt 
ceded her. Six brothers survive her. Early in life she united 
with the Ohurch of the Brethren and was one of those quiet, 
cheerful Christians, whose life spoke louder than words. 
She was preparing to move when the messenger called her 
a brighter world. Interment in the Paradise cemetery on 
Thanksgiving Day. Services by Bro. A. I. Heestand. — Mary 
Brubaker, "Weilersville, Ohio. 

Jones, Sister Callle, died in the Barren Ridge congregation, 
Augusta. Co., Va., Dec. 12, 1912, aged 56 years, 10 months and 
3 days. She was a consistent member of the Church of the 
Brethren. One daughter and one son survive her. Services 
by Bro. N. W. Coffman. Text, Rev. 14: 13. Interment in the 
cemetery at this place by the side of her companion, who pre- 
ceded her about two years; — Win. I-L Coffman, Pish ersvi lie, 

Lutz, Sister Catharine, horn in Portage County, Ohio, Feb. 10, 
184C, died at her home near Mogodore, Ohio, Dec. 10, 1912, 
aged G6 years and 10 months. She was married to Bro. 
Wm. Lutz Oct. 26, 18,62. Her husband and one son preceded 
her in death. Two daughters survive, who mourn the loss of 
a kind mother. Sister Lutz was a consistent member of the 
Ohurch of the Brethren, and will be greatly missed. Services 
and interment at the Springfield church by Eldi James Mur- 
ray. — 'Alice C. Mum aw, Magadore, Ohio, 

Miller, John, born Feb. 9, 1842, died In Lancaster, Fa., Nov. 
1.6, 1912, aged 70 years, 9 months and 16 days. Death was due 
to a complication of diseases. He was the husband of Sister 
Elizabeth Miller, our local missionary worker. A few weeks 
before he died he decided to serve the Lord. He is survived 
by his wife and two sons. Services by J. W. Myer and the 
writer at the Old Mennonite church at Millersville, where in- 
terment was made in the adjoining cemetery. — H. B. Yoder, 
343 Charlotte Street, Lancaster, Pa. 

Myers, Sister Hester- Ann May, born near Dayton, Oh 
Dec. 7, 1829, died of old age Dec. 16, 1912; at the home of her 
son in Goshen, Ind., aged S3 years and 9 days. She was 
married to John Myers April 5, 18-18. Her husband was : 
deacon and preceded her aibout eleven years. Nine children 
were born to this' union. Four sons and two daughters 
survive. She was a member of the Rock Run church, ne 
Goshen, all her life, until just the last few years. _ghe w 
a devoted mother and a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren. Services by the writer at the Rock Run ohurch, as- 
sisted by Brethren J. L. Weaver and N. B. Heeter. Text, 2 
Tim. 5: 6-8. — I. L. Berkey, Goshen, Ind. 

Newcomer, Vernice, little daughter of Calvin and Alice New- 
comer, died suddenly Dec. 1, 1912, near Russell, Kans., aged 
2 years, 7 months and 24 days. — Sarah A. Shenk, Dorrance, 

Osborne, Sister Hettie, nee Cripe, died Dec. 7, 1912, at the 
home of her son, Harvey, Howell County, Mo., aged G8 years 
9 months and 3 days. She was the wife of Uriah Osborn, who 
preceded her in death about three years. She leaves five so 
and one daughter. Services in the Brethren ohurch at Conway 
Springs, Kans., by Eld. A. J. Smith. Text, Rev. 7: 13. Inter- 
ment in the Comwuy Springs cemetery by the side of her 
husband. — J. J. Bowser, Conway Springs, Kans. 

Rush, Bro. Howard, died at his home near Spring Run, Pa., 
Oct. 29, 1912, aged about 2S years. He had been a member 
of the church for several years. He was a Sunday-school 
superintendent and teacher of the adult Bible class. He was 
married to Sister Cora Ruble, who survives him, with three 
children. Services by Brethren J. C. Swigart and M. C. Swi- 
gart. — Lawrence Ruble, McVeytown, Pa. 

Buss el, Bro. Joseph, born Dec, 6, 1826, died of pneumonia 
Nov. 24, 1912, aged S6 years, 11 months and 18 days. Bro. Rus~ 
sel was 111 only a week, which was his first Illness of any 
consequence. He was very anxious to depart from earth and 
to go home, and he prayed the Lord to take him. Though 
he had several miles to walk to church, his seat was seldom 
vacant. He leaves an aged companion, three daughters a 
seven sons. Sister Russel is ill. She was anointed by the 
elders and is now improving. — Lizzie Swartz, R. D. 2, Dovejoy, 

Shelley, Sister Susanna, born in Columbiana County, Ohio, 
Nov. 19, 1828, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Victor 
Norton, in Cass County, Mich., Dec. 15, 1912." She was married 
to Daniel Shelley Nov. 19, 1846. in Wayne County, Ohio. To 
this union were born ten children. Three of them died In in- 
fancy. Her husband died Aug. 6, 1897, in Cass County, Mich., 
which was the family home since 1867. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren in 1858, and remained in that faith 
u ntil death. Services by the writer In the Disciple church 
nea.r Cassopolis, Mich. Interment in the cemetery adjoining. 
— M. Clyde Horst, 1530 Virginia Street, South Bend, Ind. 

Stoner, Mr. Harry D., died at his home In "Westminster, in 
the bounds of the Meadow Branch congregation, Mi, from 
hemorrhages Dec, 2, 1912, aged 45 years and 17 days. ] 
was a son of the late Emmanuel Stoner, and is survived by 
his widowed mother, Sister Mariah Stoner. He also leaves 
a widow and three daughters. The oldest of them early 
gave her heart to the Lord and Is a member of the Ohurch 
l| f the Brethren at this place. Services in the Westminster 
ohurch by Eld 1 . 35. A. Snader and Rev. M. A. Witter, after 
which Interment was made in the Meadow Branch cemetery. 
— W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Wolford, Wllma Marie, daughter of Brother David and Sis- 
ter Verna Wolford, born Oct. 30, 1907, died Dec. 17, 1912, 
aged 5 years, 1 month and 17 days. Her death was caused by 
'-roup and pneumonia, after a very brief illness. Wllma had 
a loving disposition and smiling countenance, and will be 
greatly missed by her parents and little sister. Services by 
the Brethren. Text, Matt. 18: 10; 19: 14. Interment In the 
Castine cemetery. — Walter A. Petry, West Manchester, Ohio. 

Psalms, Hymns and Spiritual 

Nos. 4& 5 Combined 

By J. Henry Showalter 

In choosing a song book for use in public wor- 
ship, two things should be carefully considered: 
(1) the words and music, and (2) the binding. As 
a rule, the price asked for an article is a pretty 
fair measure of its worth. A song book which, 
owing to its inferiority, either as to literary and 
musical merit or quality of binding, must be dis- 
carded at the end of a year or two is not worth 

Psalms, Hymns and Spiritual Songs met with 
•great favor from the sale of the first edition of 
No. 1 and has stood the test through the years. 
In the compilation of each succeeding number 
only the best selections were duplicated, and each 
time more of the standard hymns, together with 
a number of first class new pieces were inserted. 
Nos. 4 and 5 contain the BEST of the GOOD 
and NO trash. The hymns appeal to the spiritual 
and the music is suited to the words. The great 
variety of subjects makes it available in all kinds 
of religious services. The chants and anthems 
make variety possible. 

The book la substantially bound In cloth, stiff 
bncks. It will not break when opened, nor fly shut 
when not held open. It will otay open lying down 
or standing up or In one's hands. 

If you are contemplating a change in song books 
it will pay you to give this on« a trial. 

Elgin, Illinois 



you want to see the liquor 
traffic in its true light, as por- 
trayed in story, incidents, illus- 
trations, pointed paragraphs, 
poetry and song by more than 
twenty men and women in vari- 
ous walks and professions in 
life, read this book. It will 
make clear to you, as no other 
book yet written or compiled could do, the 
economic, political and social ills growing out 
of the sale and use of intoxicants. It contains 
many true stories of drink's awful tragedies 
and gives in brief and pointed paragraphs the 
pithy utterances of many men and women who 
have put their lives into the struggle for the 
overthrow of a giant wrong. The matter in 
the book is conveniently classified, making it 
easy to refer to any phase of the subject de- 
sired. It is a book that will appeal to all 
classes of people. A copy of it should find a 
place in every home. 

The size of the book is 6-J4x9j4 inches. It 
contains 544 pages besides the halftone illus- 
trations and is printed on good paper. 
Price per copy, oloth, $1.75; half morocco, $2.60 





It Is often a question with moth- 
ers what to do with the children on 
Sunday afternoons. Here Is a book 
of pleasure and profit for young 
persons on Sabbath afternoons, of 
Bible stories, as told by AUNT 

Beginning at the Creation it 
takes the reader through the Bible 
In fifty-two chapters, one for each 
Sunday in the year. Each day's 
reading is followed by a series of 
questions, which helps to recall 
and Impress upon the mind, the 
Bible truths learned. It Is a book 
that will be read over and over 
again. It is profusely Illustrated 
with new, magnificent lithographic 
plates in colors, full page half 
tones and many other beautiful en- 
gravings. 254 pages printed on 
heavy paper and bound In cloth. 
Title and illustration stamped on 
cover. Price, 90.60 


Elgin, Illinois. 

A most excellent har- 
mony of the Gospels in 
pamphlet form, arranged 



You don't have to go to India or China or Africa and endure privation and suffer hard- 
ship to be a missionary. You can do the best kind of missionary work right at home, and you 
won't need any preparation or previous training either. All you need to do is to use a little 
of yQur spare time and a little of your surplus cash. 

One of the best missionaries to the home that we know of is the Gospel Messenger. It 
preaches several sermons each week to each and every person that reads it, besides containing 
interesting bits of news and timely articles on up-to-date subjects. 

This paper does not have the circulation that its worth deserves; possibly the reason for 
this is that a good many people do not know of its value, and thus are not aware of the bene- 
fit they are missing. 


We will offer the Gospel Messenger for only 50 cents a year if sent into homes where 
there are no members of the Church of the Brethren. This fact of course is to be mentioned 
when sending in your orders. The General Mission Board will pay the deficiency. 

Why not take advantage of this special offer and BE A MISSIONARY? If each pres- 
ent subscriber would send in but ONE subscription we would double our list, and the good de- 
rived could not be estimated. 

Will You Be a Missionary? 




by A. W. Vaniman. It 
is in f*ct what its title 
indicates — 

a bird's-eye view of the ministry and life of our Sarior as related 
by the four Gospel writers. 


It gives a grasp of the events of the life of Christ, in their chron- 
ological order that will prove helpful at all times. The events are 
all approximately dated and the different periods are divided off 
accurately. It is of convenient size to place in your Bible, where 
it will be always useful. 

The subject is treated in the best and the most compact form of 
anything we havt ever seen. 

Price 15c per dozen. 

Elgin, Illinois 




Editorial, — 

A Look into 1913 

A Church Home (H. B. B.), 

Some Mistakes 

Divorce Resolution 

After Letters Are Granted 

Sunday-school Literature 

Among the Scenes of Childhood. 


ance was not quite normal, on account of diphtheria. 
While some things are discouraging, yet we have many 
things to encourage us. The Sunday-school is growing 
in numbers right along. 

On the evening of Dec. 22 our Sunday-school gave a 
Christmas program. Practically the entire seating ca- 
pacity of our new churchhouse, including the gallery, 
was occupied. The exercises closed with an acceptable 
treat to the entire school. We had planned to treat only 

and the Future state. By B. E. Kesler 2 children, but, to our great surprise, one of the 

. .. „ i.i .. m cm Onfnev I.eckrone " mi. »..".. ... , . . 

The Boy problem. By Quincy Leckrone, 

At the Threshold of a Cell. By O. H. Yereman 

Our Prison Experience. By Peter Brower. . . ... . ... ■ ■• 

The Simple Lite vs. the Mercenary Spirit. By P. B. 

Our Next Annual Conference. By I. B. Trout, 

How Beadest THOU? By J. H. Miller. Ji,"-;"~„: 

Character Sketches from My Jungle Home. » 

Marthai Pundit on Marriage. 

bile ■ 

By Nora E. 

The Round Table, — 

"Some Who Led."— W. P. Toakley. Praying the Lord s 
A Harvest In Good Soil— Ida 

city undertaking firms very cheerfully donated twenty- 
five pounds of line candy to our school, making it pos- 
sible to cheer the entire school. Thus we are respected 
and encouraged even in this isolated place. The pros- 
pects for the next year are bright, and our desire is that 
we might be used of him who died that sinners might be 
saved Mina H. J3osserman. 

954 South Pickaway Street, Circleville, Ohio, Dec. 


A Picture of Life- 

Prayer. — Wilbur Stover. 

M Helm Confession. — J. A. Root. .- 

£-a M Brallier. What a Little Lard Dld-Wames A. 



A col- 
We ex- 
6. — Clarence E- 

Pleasant Valley.— Nov. 9 Bro. William Bixler began a series 
ot m"Sgs in the York house. He labored earnestly for 
JJSS closing i>ec. 1. We feel that the cause has been 
3y bunt up aAhis Place. Bro. Bixler was to g o U> Mon- 
tana from this place, but on account of poor health he had to 
SurnTo his home Tn Ohio. He does not shin .to declare the 
whole Gospel.^Eessie Blocher, York, N. Dak,, Dec. 19. 

Walnut —Our Thanksgiving sermon, delivered by Bro. 
Levi Futerbaugh, was very much appreciated. Our offering 
of $8.25 was sent to Bro. James Neff, now deceased.— Emma 
Foust, Argos, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Lower Cumberland.— On Friday evening Bro. W. B Stover 
met with our church at Mechanicsburg, and delivered an In- 
teresting lecture on his work in the mission field. He dis- 
closed many features that, by the uninformed, have never 
been thought of. He had a good, Interested audience. 
feSon of 515 was taken for World-wide Missions, 
pect Bro. "Stover to be with us again Jan. 
Long, Mechanicsburg, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Boot Bnn church met In council Dec. 21. One letter was 
granted The report places our church membership at two 
hundred and sixty. The following officers were elected for 
the coming year; Bro. J. E. Weaver, elder; Sister Myrtis 
Weaver, corresponding secretary; Sister Pearl Davenport, chor- 
ister- the writer, Messenger agent Sunday-school: Bro. Mel- 
vin Swartz, superintendent; Sister Freda Wor linger, secretary. 
Christian Workers: Sister Edythe Swartz, president; Sister 
Mae Wideman, secretary.— Laverne Day, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Ankeny.— While passing through the eastern part of Iowa, 
soliciting funds for the new church in Des Moines, I stopped 
off over Cnristmas at the Cedar Creek church, where Bro. 
John Zuck has lived many years. They have a small con- 
gregation of faithful members. The quality of their Christmas 
urogram proved that they have some of the finest young peo- 
ple in the land. They also have some of the best farms to 
be found anywhere. The soil is exceptionally rich, and it is a 
beautiful country. Eld. J. D. Meyers, who has been renting 
one of Bro Zuck's farms for several years, is to move to a 
farm of his own, near Robins, Iowa, about March, 1914. If 
this should be read by a minister who would like to move to 
a good country, to serve the church a part, of his time, and 
do some farming, he will do well to correspond with Eld. 
John Zuck, Clarence, Iowa.— W. E. West, Ankeny, Iowa, Dec. 

27 Qreenland.— We met in council Dec. 14, Eld; Emra T. Fike 
presided. Our Bible term began Dec. 15 and closed Dec. 22, 
with good attendance and interest. Our elder, Bro. Flke, 
preached each evening during the Bible term. Two were bap- 
tized, and two await the rite. Others are near the kingdom. 
— Otis Johnson, Laureldale, W. Va., Dec 26. 

Medicine lodge.— We have been enjoying a series of meet- 
ings Bro. Jos. Root and wife and Bro. James Sales, of Okla- 
homa, came here Dec. 14. Bro. Root preached eight sermons 
for us The few members living here were greatly encour- 
aged and strengthened. The weather was ideal, and attentive 
congregations listened to the Word delivered. The meetings 
were held in the new Union church at Foust City, near old 
Mingona, where there formerly was a strong congregation of 
the Brethren. Many will remember both the place and the 
preacher.^ esse A. Shamberger, R. D. 1, Medicine Lodge, 
Kans., Dec 25. _ 

Asnland church met in council Dec. 21. Church officers 
were elected for the coming year. Bro. S. E. Decker was 
chosen as our elder in charge; Sister Sarah Miller, church 
correspondent and Messenger agent. Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Worker officers were all duly elected for the next six 
months. Two letters were granrted. A collection of $8.60 
was taken for home expenses. Bro. Walter Whitcher, of Sac- 
ramento Valley, Cal., preached for us on Sunday morning and 
evening. He delivered the Word of God in sincerity. He and 
his wife and children are visiting with Bro. C. D. Fager's dur- 
ing the Holidays, and will give us more good sermons while 
with us. — Cora B. Decker, Ashland, Oregon, Dec. 28. 

Harlan. — On Thanksgiving Day we had meeting at the Har- 
lan church. Eld. Aaron Moss, of North Manchester, Ind., de- 
livered a very good sermon for us, but not many were pres- 
ent, on account of the inclement weather and bean threshing 
in the neighborhood. On Sunday evening, Dec. 22, we had a 
special Christmas program rendered by the children and 
young people. The house was well filled, and all seemed to 
enjoy the program very much. Then a sermon was delivered 
on "The Prophecy and Birth of Our Blessed Master" by Bro. 
H. A. Weller. Next Sunday we will hold our regular council. 
— Rosa Weller, Copemish, Mich., Dec. 27. 


A number of the State Districts signed the information 
cards sent and also sent in a list of the elders in said 
Districts. Quite a number failed to respond. The Sec- 
retary will appreciate an early response. We can succeed 
only when we have the cooperation of all. This is a great 
work and each District, I am sure, will want to help it 


Some seem to be at a loss to know how to begin the 
work, how to organize. As in other church work, the 
local church must take the initiative. Some one inter- 
ested can secure the passage of a query at the council 
meeting. This query can then be sent to the District 
Meeting. Such a query should ask for the appointment 
of a committee of three or five members, to take charge 
of the work, or, at any rate, to make an investigation and 
report a plan of the work, with a constitution and by-laws 
for governing the work. 

Sentiment in this matter should be pretty well crystal- 
lized by this t.ime and there should be but little delay in 
getting it started. 

In conjuncion with the District Committee, each con- 
gregation should appoint a committee to cooperate with 
it in finding and placing children, and in gathering funds 
for the support of the work. 

Some Who Led 

By D. L. MILLER and 

A new book just off the press. In this book Is re- 
corded the lives of sixty-three of those who have been 
leaders In the Church of the Brethren. It was Impos- 
sible to get photographs of all of these leaders, but as 
far as possible a photograph has been secured and a 
reproduction of same accompanies the life sketcn. 


it will take money. Every good work must be 


During the first two weeks of the month of December 
our pastor, Eld. D. S. Filburn, was assisting in a revival 
effort in Darke County, this State. In his absence Bro. 
W. J. Heisey, of Union, filled the pulpit one Sunday, 
both morning and evening, and one Sunday evening the 
District Visiting Nurse talked to us on the subject of 
"Tuberculosis." In this part of the State there is a strong 
effort being put forth to rid our land of the dreaded 

We now have an enrollment of one hundred in our 
Sunday-school, the regular attendance being in the seven- 
ties. For several Sundays, however, the regular attend- 

supported. There is possibly nothing that will give such 
large returns for the amount invested, as the Child Res- 
cue Work. The returns will not be in cash dividends, but 
in the manhood and womanhood that such work makes 

Recently the writer visited an Industrial Home and 
School in which there were twenty bright-faced intelligent 
boys. These are from eight to ten years of age and are be- 
ing taught and trained for useful lives. The training given 
them will give them a good start in the race of life, and 
that, too, without any handicap. The gentleman who is 
supporting this Home is not a Christian, and yet he is 
helping humanity. 

How much greater interest ought to be taken in such 
things by those who believe in Jesus Christ, and are 
building their manhood upon the great and lasting prin- 
ciples of the Savior of man. 

The Dilemma Solved. 

Some State Districts have organized, but, as they do 
not have a receiving or detaining Home, are at a loss to 
know how to proceed. I have learned of some, under 
such conditions, who have refused to take children that 
were offered them, 

A Home for receiving the children is a good thing, and 
yet it is not absolutely necessary in the prosecution of 
the work. 

Children can be cared for temporarily by those who 
have charge of the work in the District, or arrangements 
can be made with some farmer or housekeeper to care 
for them until homes can be found for them. A small 
monthly compensation will often suffice for their care. 

Our Committee would suggest that no opportunity be 
lost to help a boy or girl in the right way. 

Use the General Committee. 

The General Committee repeats the former statements 
made. Use it in getting the work started, if necessary, 
and use it to help keep it going. Call on it. 

It is the purpose of the Committee to publish, at an 
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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 62. 

Elgin, III, January 11, 1913. 

No. 2. 


Sunday Closing Laws. 
Under the direction of its Central Committee, the 
"Weekly Rest Day League" is to introduce a bill in the 
California Legislature, setting aside Sunday as a day 
of rest. A similar bill is to be introduced in the Oregon 
Legislature. By the provisions of the proposed enact- 
ment all saloons and stores will be closed on Sunday, 
excepting the few places of business that may be "justi- 
fied in being open on the ground of necessity, mercy and 
charity." We trust that the States above named will 
succeed in securing the enactments contemplated. While 
they are particularly needed to check the Sunday dese- 
cration at some of the fashionable resorts of the Pacific 
Coast, every State of the Union needs similar laws, en- 
forced to the very letter. 

Smoothing Life's Pathway. 

Recently an aged couple in Chicago celebrated the 
anniversary that rounded out a half century of their most 
happy matrimonial experience. Harmony and a tender 
regard for each other's welfare had so manifestly hal- 
lowed their days, that they were urged to tell others the 
secret of their unbounded serenity amid life's vicissitudes. 
The answer Was this: "We attribute .our success to the 
fact that we overlooked each other's faults." Would 
there be the many matrimonial difficulties in evidence 
today, if there were a more general adoption of the motto 
quoted above? And would not a discretionary blindness 
to connubial shortcomings quite often be productive .of 
greater love and union, and a consequent decrease of 
Imsiness in our divorce courts? 

welfare of his workers. More of the love that "suffereth 
long and is kind" would go far tctwards leveling class 
distinctions, and ushering in the longc*- for period of 
human brotherhood at its best, — a prelude to the joys of 

heaven. . 

The Cost of Industrial War. 
Labor troubles, at best, are a costly expedient to all 
concerned. During the year just past there were 716 
strikes that cost organized labor in the United States at 
least two million dollars in actual outlay, saying nothing 
of the loss of time occasioned by the strikes. In the end 
there was no real gain, for even the victor gained the 
point in question at too heavy an outlay, and the settle- 
ment was but a temporary, one at best. Whether legal 
measures will ever prove a successful solution of ques- 
tions of difference between capital and labor, remains to 
be seen. New Zealand has done most commendable work 
along that line, but has not yet succeeded in fully eliminat- 
ing all points at issue. Industrial wars will continue as 
long as human selfishness and greed persist in ignoring 
the "Golden Rule" as an equitable solution of problems 
affecting both capital and labor. 

Educate the Heart as Well as the Head. 

Some of our most noted educators seem to be waking 
up to the! fact that mental culture, in and of itself, can 
not atone for a failure to cultivate the religious nature of 
man. Prof. Butler, of Chicago University, very properly 
says: "We Jive no longer in expectation that the mil- 
lenium will come through education. We once thought 
that by a sweeping extension of the influence of educa- 
tion, we could finally put a stop to all unrighteousness 
and sin. We have found, however, that education, with 
reference to that point, is a total failure." After all, there 
is nothing but the vivifying power of the Holy Spirit that 
can lead the obedient heart to the truth as it is in Christ 
Jesus. Education, properly used, is good in its place, but 
only the blood of Christ insures access to the great school 
from which we graduate to the realms above. 


The Proposed Peace Centenary. 
As a practical object lesson to other nations, the Peace 
Centenary, to be celebrated by England and the United 
States, in 1914, is a most commendable move. We can 
not emphasize too strongly our relations of harmony and 
friendliness, and it is well^ that the two great English- 
speaking nations should show to the world that they can 
"dwell together in unity." True, since the battle of New 
Orleans there have been, at times, slight ripples to dis- 
turb the serenity otherwise prevailing, but better judg- 
ment has always prevented a serious clash. Even the 
present disturbance, concerning the Panama Canal toll 
question, is likely to be adjusted to the mutual satisfac- 
tion of all concerned. We may well, therefore, thank God 
and take courage that peace and union still abound be- 
tween the two great world powers, — an example worthy of 


A* Square Deal Better Than Charity. 
All previous records in philanthropic giving were 
broken in 1912, for more than $300,000,000 was distributed 
by men of wealth for charity, education, and religious 
and sociological work generally, — benefactions by which 
the great masses of our land are more especially bene- 
fited. No other nation can equal American philanthropy, 
and yet all this, however inspiring it may appear at first 
thought, is but a mere palliation of social incongruities 
•that will never be adjusted save by justice and fair deal- 
ln g- The slum child should be given an opportunity to 
outgrow the slum by rising to a higher plane. The aged 
and infirm, together with the disabled workers, should be 
provided for in this country as European countries already 
administer to the honorable support of all such. Much 
°f the present-day charity to dependent workers would 
be unnecessary, were there more adequate provisions to 
protect the toilers engaged in hazardous occupations, and 
were there a greater solicitude by the employer for the 

Where There Is a Willing Mind. 
That it is possible to thrive upon a very frugal diet. 
is abundantly illustrated in the early life of Daniel and 
his three companions, when, refusing the king's dainties, 
they preferred the simple diet to which they were ac- 
customed. One of our exchanges reports the case of a 
Cornell University student who finds an expenditure of 
but eighty-five cents per week sufficient for his food re- 
quirements, his diet being bread, butter, eggs, milk and 
vegetables. Moreover, he is said to excel, in mental 
activity, many of those who arc more abundantly sup- 
plied with "creature comforts." Thus, again and again. 
we see renewed evidences of the old truth that "a man's 
life consisted) not in the abundance of the things which 
he possesseth," but in making all these but incidental to 
the welfare of the highest interests of the soul. 

The Praying Jury. 
A prayer for Divine guidance may be a novel proced- 
ure in preparing for the deliberations of a court trial. 
That, however, was the very thing to which a jury of 
Kansas women resorted when the perplexities of a ver- 
dict confronted them in the jury room. Perhaps they 
were not possessed of a fine sense of all the intricacies 
of the law, but they had strong convictions of right and 
wrong, and fully depended upon the help of the Lord in 
the rendering of a just verdict. Need .we wonder that 
ere long they reached a decision that met with the general 
approval of the judge as well as ,ttie parties most directly 
concerned? Doubtless more dependence can be placed 
upon a jury of this sort than upon the best and most 
select gathering of professional law specialists. The 
mighty lever of prayer is at qur disposal at all times. 
That we do not, more frequently, make use of it, is our 
great misfortune. 

They Were Caught Napping. 
Now, that the new parcels post is ready to serve the 

best interests of the people in the most acceptable 
manner, the liquor dealers are just awakening to the fact 
that the conveniences, afforded by this -new means of 
transportation, can not be utilized in the extension of 
their business. Postmaster- General Hitchcock, has de- 
cided that intoxicating liquor, together with several other 
objectionable articles of commerce, can not be admitted 
to the parcels post. As might be expected, liquor men 
are already greatly incensed, invoking dire disaster upon 
any person or party that would dare to refuse a speedy 
amendment of the ruling, thus allowing shipments of 
whiskey and beer to all parts of the country. One thing 
is sure, — the Government can not afford to undertake lire 
transportation of liquor under the auspices of the new 
parcels post. Not only would it demoralize an otherwise 
commendable undertaking in behalf of the public good, 
but it would also be decidedly humiliating were the Gov- 
ernment thus to lend itfcaid to the further encourage- 
ment of the liquor traffic. This nation can not afford to 
have "fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness." 

Liberty to Russian Serfs. 
With the ushering in of the present year of grace, an 
era of unprecedented freedom has dawned upon the last 
vestiges of Russian serfdom. In 1861 emancipation de- 
crees freed all serfs but those in the Caucausus region. 
Special conditions seemed to make temporary transitional 
measures in that district necessary. The recent decree, 
however, as sanctioned by the Douma, grants full priv- 
ileges to every citizen, though it must not be supposed 
that the autocratic sway of the Russian Emperor is in 
any way lessened. While there is general rejoicing that 
Russian serfdom,— in many ways resembling slavery 
conditions in the ante bellum days of the South,— is now 
finally disposed of, one might well wish that all other 
forms of bondage, still burdening the people, might be 
removed with equal certainty. Ignorance, blind adherence 
to a formal religion, and an inordinate love of strong 
drink, are still fettering the masses of Russia, and keep- 
ing them from rising to a higher and more spiritual 
plane. Deliverance from this trio of evil influences will 
mean the opening of new opportunities for the land of 
the Czars,— an era the like of which tUat country has 
never seen. 

A Correct Analysis. 
That our next President is a man of firm religious 
principles, is a matter of profound gratification,— the 
more so since he is ready to give expression to his views 
in no uncertain manner. In a recent address to ministers 
he said: "The analytical and doubtful pulpit utterances 
euol the ardor of belief, and chill the power of accept- 
ance. Can yon believe the preaching of a man who dues 
not himself believe? Youth is moulded by authority. 
Nothing impresses the young so much as the earnestness 
that means business. I believe we have substituted a lot 
of music and entertainment in our church exercises be- 
cause we have no belief in deeper things. If music is 
substituted lor the Word of God, we are admitting that 
Gospel power, is not eflicacious, and can not stand by 
itself." These are words of truth and soberness, well 
worthy of our careful attention. Paul's charge to Tim- 
othy was never more pertinent than it is today, in every 
pulpit of our land, — "Preach the Word." 

Systematizing Church Finances. 

In order to arrive at more satisfactory results in its 
finances, the Methodist Episcopal Church has created a 
"Commission on Finance," composed jointly of specially 
chosen laymen and ministers. Hereafter all claimants for 
church beneficence are to make known their wants to this 
Commission, which is, at their discretion, to combine all 
approved claims in one comprehensive budget, apportioned 
among the churches according to their several ability. 
The plan recommends weekly giving "as the Lord hath 
prospered," rather than monthly or annual gifts. This 
plan involves no expensive machinery in its operation, 
each of the movements, represented in the Commission, 
providing its own workers, etc. The Church of the 
Brethren is amply supplied with the needed Missionary, 
Educational, Sunday-school, and Temperance Boards. If, 
in some way, there-could be a more thorough and sys- 
tematic method of providing the necessary funds for all' 
these, by means of a properly-authorized, centralizing 
financial plan v adapted to our special needs, much greater 
avenues of usefulness would present themselves, for with 
ample funds at their command, these Boards could carry 
on their respective lines of work to much greater ad- 

A Portable Church Building. 

We arc indebted to "The Herald of Gospel Liberty" 
for the description of a practical plan of providing church 
facilities at new mission points. At Magnolia, Del., the 
first structure of that kind was recently placed in service. 
It is not a tent or a tabernacle, but a roomy, substantial 
building, capable of seating 300 persons without crowding. 
It is constructed of solid steel, — the same material so 
successfully used by the great railroads in their splendid 
new passenger coaches. The structure is well lighted 
by windows and is provided with good ventilation. It is 
absolutely fire-proof, and can be erected or taken down 
by two men within a few hours. The total cost of the 
building just erected was but $1,000. Its chief advantage 
is its portability. It can readily be moved in sections 
from place to place, as Local conditions, needs and circum- 
stances may determine. Such a building will amply serve 
all requirements at a new point until a permanent build- 
ing can be erected. It can then be moved to the next 
point, where it will be ready for immediate use. The 
great advantage of such a steel building, as compared 
with a tent, or a temporary board structure, is obvious to 
all. One or more of these steel churchesi owned by each 
of our State Districts, would open up wonderful possi- 
bilities for the extension of home mission work, and 
would solve many vexatious problems now confronting 
the various Boards. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 

«-»M SST^'SMiSWtfS^ 

Leaning on Jesus. 

8s and 7s 
■■Who is .his Ulal Cometh up from the wilderness leanine 
unon her beloved" (Cant. 8: 5)? 

Lean, dear friend, upon thy Savior, 

On his power thou canst rely, 
In the wanderings of life's pathway, 

He will guide you with his eye. 
Lean on him for rest and comfort, 

On thy dark and dreary way. 
He will choose your footsteps for you, 
Lead from darkness into day. 

Take my hand, .0 gentle Savior, 

Let me lean upon thy breast. 
I am weak, but thou art mighty, 
Lead me to thy promised rest. 
Lean upon him in thy sorrows, 

When life's troubles press you sore. 
When your heart is faint and bleeding, 
Only trust and serve him more. 
. Lean upon him when you're tempted, 

And seduced to ways of sin, 
. He will strength and comfort give you, 
And through him the victory win. 
Lean on him when faith is failing, 

And dark clouds your sky o'ercast, 
He will lead you safely onward, 
Bring you to himself at last. - 
Lean upon him in the valley, 

When the shadows thickly fall, 
He will take away the darkness, 
When you hear his gentle call. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

. ■ * ■ 

The Simple Life in the City. 


There is no place where the simple life is quite as 
much needed as in the city. Its life is strenuous and 
its ways conventional. Its high walls of brick and 
stone obstruct the sunlight and shut out the air. Its 
paved streets and cement walks and small yards have 
robbed the earth of green, refreshing grass. Its 
overhead wires, stretching in every direction, make 
you feel as if you were caught in a net. The noise 
of the trolley and the hum of the factory and the 
hustle and bustle of the people make your head go 

The life of the city is monotonous. It is the same 
thing over and over, day after day,— up early, rush 
off to the shop, the store, the office, the factory, grind 
and grind through the day,, rush home in the evening, 
rush with supper off to bed. It is rush, rush! In 
such a whirl it is a wonder that men and women have 
any patience left. With others it is the same routine 
of rush, only it is rush off with the automobile to the 
theater, or dance, or card party, and spend the hours 
into the late night in wearisome revelry. It is to be 
wondered how any such can amount to anything at 
all the next day. The simple life would be to them 
a Godsend. 

The simple life is desirable. Both those who are 
constrained by others to exacting, monotonous life, 
and those who constrain themselves in their hearts are 
anxious for a release. They long for quiet, and for 
■time to think. They wish they might have more 
time with their families at home. They are eager 
for God's pure air and green grass. They wish to see 
the waving meadows and wheat fields, and the silver 
streams, as they thread their course through the 
widening valleys. They want to hear the croak of the 
frogs in the frog ponds and the songs of the birds in 
the forests. 

The difficulty of living the simple life in the city 
is apparent. You are almost compelled to fall in line 
with its unnatural, conventional way of living, yet it 
is possible. It would be more easily possible if 
prevailing conditions were changed. More country 
life in the city would be helpful. The country man 
spoke more wisely than he knew at the time when 
he in a critical way said, he did not see why people 
did not build their cities in the country. Larger 

yards, gardens, berries, trees, chickens, would help 
to make simple life. Eight hours a day are long 
enough for closfftaxing toil. God made the day for 
work and the .light for rest. Of the week he de- 
signed that six days should be for work and one for 
rest. These divisions of time should be observed. 

To have the simple life, a man must cut loose from 
conventional, fashionable, extravagant living. This 
will make him independent and free. He will then 
have time for his home and for his religion. He will 
have money to make his home a home, pay to the 
church what he ought to and lay by a little each week 
for future use.. If would not be difficult to find men 
in the city who did wrong in some way to get money 
to enable them to pay for dresses that their wives 
and daughters insist on having in order to keep up 
with fashionable society. An extravagant housewife 
brings many a home to ruin. The cigarette, cigar, 
card party, dance, theater, pool room, fashion and 
club, take time and money. They are disastrous to 
the body, mind and soul. The simple life would 
change things. It would cut these wastes and sins 
out. The principle of the simple life will clothe the 
body sensibly, economically and plainly. It will seek 
refining and uplifting companionship for the 90cial 
nature. It will insist on having time for religious 
culture and development. The good result of all will 
be happiness and prosperity. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

. » « 

Pastor Russell: Anti-Missionary, — Manifestly 
Much Mistaken. 

Missionary for Eighteen Years in Indi.a. 

Ten years ago, when we came home from India on 
our first furlough, we were met in Brooklyn by an 
enthusiastic supporter of Dr. Dowie, who tried to 
impress us with the idea that the whole volume of 
truth lay concealed in what was called Dowieism. 
There was a vast deal of Dowie literature those days. 
But those days have passed; also the literature. This 
year, coming home, we met, here and there, an honest 
inquiry concerning Pastor Russell, his Millennial 
Dawn, his "Plan of the Ages," and other cheap 
literature. These pages are my candid reply. 

I. The Better Half. 
II. Mistaken Methods. 

III. Mistaken Teaching. 

IV. His Missionary Committee. 
V. The Probable Results. 
I. The Better Half.— All who recognize the 

sacredness of the marriage vow, ieel a deep sense of 
disappointment when any one, especially a preacher, 
enters hastily into the marriage relation. The more's 
the shame of it, too, when, after a few years, there 
is a suit for divorce. How Pastor Russell made the 
mistake of marrying after an acquaintance of only 
three months, is told in his Zion's Watch Tower, of 
July 15, 1906, the issue that bears the imprint in 
italics : " It is requested that this issue be not loaned 
or otherwise publicly circulated." He was holding 
meetings. It was in 1S79. The lady in question came 
to the meetings. He says: 

"Amongst others was a' Maria Frances Ackley, who be- 
came my wife within three months of her first attendance 
at these meetings, which was the beginning of our ac- 

After some years had passed, Mrs. Russell became 
estranged from her husband. It was in connection 
with a little paper he was publishing. Things grew 
worse^ She sued for divorce and got it, although 
the story about Rose, the girl they had taken to raise, 
and some other matters of an entirely personal nature, 
were not admitted by the court. Any one who was 
led by the Holy Spirit in marriage, and in whose 
home the same Spirit continues to dwell, can not but 
pity a man with whom it has been otherwise. 

In the same issue of The Watch Tower, quoted 
above, for private circulation only, a certain letter to 
his wife is printed. In the letter are found these re- 
markable words: 

"I am convinced that our difficulty is a growing one 
generally,— that it is a great mistake for strong-minded 
men and women to marry. If they will marry, the strong- 

minded would far better marry such as are not too intel- 
lectual and high-spirited, for there never can, in the na- 
ture of things, be peace, under present conditions, where 
the two are on an equality." 

Pastor Russell seems to suggest in the above that 
the "unequal yoking" of Scripture is so specially 
with regard to unbelievers, that, aside from that one 
point, the more unequal the better, as then the wife 
will be more likely to " obey " her husband. Where, 
then, is the fellowship, the communion, the unity of 
spirit between husband and wife? 

H. Mistaken Methods.— When Pastor Russell 
• was to lecture in Bombay, I made it my business to go 
to hear him. All over the city glaring-posters of him- 
self had been put up, announcing the date and sub- 
ject of his lectures, just like Barnum's show used to 
do for Barnum. He deceived the Y. M. C. A. Sec- 
retary as to his identity, and then paid the price for 
the hall in advance, so that there could be no later 
refusal. When the Secretary found out who he was, 
he asked politely to cancel the agreement. Pastor 
Rttssell firmly refused to do so. In his address he 
upheld the Dante's " Inferno " idea as the Christian 
idea of hell, and with Col. Ingersoll's chief weapon, 
ridicule, went to show tUere was no such thing. He 
said the elect would treat the nonelect as if they were 
roasting potatoes. Fancy the deadening effect-of one 
Christian ridiculing others before an audience Com- 
posed mostly of -non-Christian schoolboys who came 
for curiosity. 

He paid advertising rates to get the Bombay news- 
papers to insert his picture, together with an ex- 
planation that this is the greatest Bible student in the 
world. Next day, after the lecture, I called on the 
advertising manager of the newspaper, and was sur- 
prised to learn what the newspaper men had come to 
think with respect to him. This kind of American- 
ism, when exhibited before the British, gives us a 
bad name. 

Pastor Russell pays well for his advertising, here 
in America. His single " ad " in the Saturday Even- 
ing Post of Ma/ 4, 1912, is said to have cost him 
$3,000. For personal mention in the great dailies he 
pays the regular prices. His sermons are published 
because a few men are pushing -them. 

The six books which Pastor Russell publishes, bear- 
ing the title " Studies in the Scriptures," do not reveal 
the name of the author. I have met several who had, 
in good faith, bought these books at a very low price, 
and when I told them they were the Russell books, 
they said they had been deceived by an agent. 

The name " International Bible Students' Associ- 
ation" suggests anything but the leadership of one 
man. Naturally one associates such a name with 
that of Chautauqua or Winona Lake. I insist that 
if one is frank on the subject, he must admit that the 
name is a deception, and is intended to be such. 

The same is true of the " Bible and Tract Society," 
with the words Watch Tower in small type above, or 
omitted altogether. This is not a square deal, but is 
- clearly intended to deceive, so as to catch the unwary. 
Dr. Dowie used to have a way of persuading folks 
to think that the churches were all "progressing 
backwards," while his Zion was making rapid strides, 
and destined to take in the whole earth. With the 
text, " Come out from, among them," wrongly applied, 
he would appeal to his hearers to withdraw from the 
churches and " join Zion," before the crash came. 
Exercising all charity towards both Dr. Dowie and 
Pastor Russell, I am persuaded that in this trick they 
are both very much alike. Pastor Russell's oft-used 
words are these: 

"Now, however, the message is, 'Babylon is fallen, is 
fallen' (that is, sentenced to fall, which sentence, we be- 
lieve, will be fulfilled shortly). Come out of her, my peo- 
ple, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye re- 
ceive not^of her plagues." 

In point of principle, Russell's method of Biblical 
interpretation is wrong. Dr. Dowie called himself 
Elijah III. Pastor Russell admitted his wife's sug- 
gestion that he _is the " servant " of the parable in 
Matt. 24: 45-51. But afterwards, when she said he 
was the " evil servant " of the same parable, he ob- 
jected to it. It is the Swedenborgian method of in- 
terpretation, with which one can make most im- 
probable deductions. One who had professed to be 

fHE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 


a believer in Pastor Russell, clearly showed me how 
completely he had been deceived into this erratic 
method of interpretation, in a personal letter, lie 
says : 

"Bift we believe that God is using hfin (Russell) today 
to give the household of faith, whoever and wherever they 
are, 'meat in due seaspn,' and that he is spoken of, in Ezek. 
9, as the man with the writer's inkhorn by his side. Who 
better could this apply to than C. T. Russell?" 

III. Mistaken Teaching. — In the issue of the 
Watch Tower, already referred to, the one intended 
for private circulation only, Pastor Russell answers 
the question, whether he regards some of his earlier 
writings as profitable books to lend to truth- seekers. 
On page 26 is his reply : 

- "Certainly not, because the very immature views of 
God's truth, therein presented, fall far short of what we 
now see to be God's wonderful plan. Things which are 
now clear as noonday were then cloudy and mixed." 

One wonders if a few more years will not, most 
probably, lead him and his people to see clearly that 
some of their present theories are cloudy and mixed. 
Take for example the teaching on the coming of the 
Lord : 

"In the year 1874 Christ the Bridegroom and Reaper 
actually came," — "Studies in the Scriptures," Vol. 11, page 

"The 'Times of the Gentiles' will run fully out with the 
year 1914, and at that time .they will all be overturned and 
Christ's Kingdom fully established." — Same, Vol. II, page 

Here Pastor Russell says that the Lord Jesus came 
to earth in 1874. He says so because he has certain 
figures which lead him to think that was the time. 
And then, in 1914, the Christ is to be revealed. And 
there -will follow a general overthrow of Christen- 
dom. How different from this is the Bible teaching: 

"But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the 
angels of heaven, but my Father only" (Matt. 24: 36). 

"And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the 
times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his 
own power" (Acts 1:7), 

Again, with respect to the manner of the coming 
of the Lord, Russell says: 

"Our King will reveal himself gradually; some will dis- 
cern the new Ruler sooner than others, but ultimately 
every eye shall see him." — "Studies in the Scriptures," 
Vol. II, page 138. 

The Bible says : 

"This same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heav- 
en, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go 
into heaven" (Acts 1: 11). 

"For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shin- 
eth even unto the west, so shall also the coming of the 
Son of man be" (Matt. 24: 27). "So shall also the Son 
of man be in his day" (Luke 17: 24). 

If words have an intelligent value, then Pastor 
Russell teaches a hazy polytheism, that there is a 
God and there are gods, that in the beginning God 
created the archangel Michael, who became a god 
called Jesus, and who, as Jesus, created everything 
else, acting as the agent of God. He became flesh, 
absolutely without Divine nature or power, and as a 
reward for faithfulness, God raised his spirit from 
the grave, and gave him immortality. His body be- 
came gas, and no one knows what happened. Follow 
the words closely. Are not the ancient heresies, con- 
demned centuries ago, concealed therein? _ 

"Our Redeemer, before he was made flesh, existed as a 
spirit, properly known as 'a god' — a mighty one. As chief 
of the angels, and next to the Father, he was known as 
the archangel Michael."— "Studies in the Scriptures," Vol. 
V, page 84. 

"As he was the first of all creation, the 'only begotten,' 
he, in the exercise of Jehovah's power, and in his name, 
created all things."— Same, Vol. V, page 84. 

"When he was made flesh, it was not intended to be per- 
petual. It accomplished its purpose when our Lord had 
given himself; a human being, as our ransom. Hence his 
resurrection was not in the flesh, but in the spirit." — 
Same, Vol. V, page 84. 

"As a reward for his faithfulness, the Father made him 
partaker of the Divine nature, possessed of immortality." 
—Same, Vol, V, page 84. 

"Our Lord's human body was, however, super naturally 

removed from the tomb We know nothing 

about what became of it, except that it did not decay or 

corrupt Whether it was dissolved into gases, 

or whether it is still preserved somewhere, ... no 

tone knows."— Same, Vol. II, pages 125-130. 

Contrast, with these hopeless, soulless speculative 
vagaries, of semiskepticism the glowing testimonies 
of writers inspired by the Holy Spirit of God: 

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was 
with God, and the Word was God" (John 1: 1). 

"And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us, 
(and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begot- 
ten of the Father), full of grace and truth" (John 1: 14). 

"Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: han- 
dle me and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as 
ye see me have" (Luke 24: 39). 

"I came forth from the Father, and am come into the 
world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father" 
(John 16: 28). 

"God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, 
seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in 
the world, received up into glory" (1 Timothy 3: 16). 

If words have an intelligent value, then Pastor 
Russell denies the Trinity, the eternity, and the Di- 
vinity of our Lord Jesus, as well as the resurrection 
of the body. He would ask you to believe that from 
the days of the apostles nearly all the church councils 
condemned the right and upheld the wrong. He 
would have you believe that all Christendom has been 
steeped in theologic error until now. The dual nature 
of our Lord he calls a " hybrid thing." Read it: 

"Neither was Jesus a combination of the two natures, 
human and spiritual. The blending of two natures pro- 
duces neither the one nor the other, but an imperfect hy- 
brid thing, which is obnoxious to the divine arrangement." 
— "Studies," Vol. I, page 179, otherwise called the "Divine 
Plan of the Ages." 

A strong inclination impels certain classes of people 
to put off final things as long as possible. Pastor 
Russell says that when the Millennium comes there 
will be another general probation. If one make prog- 
ress in grace by the time one hundred years have 
passed, he will have a chance to continue to grow for 
1,000 years, when he ought to reach perfection. But 
if he makes no progress by the end of the first hun- 
dred years, he will be cut off, — annihilated. 

"And should any one make no progress toward perfec- 
tion for a hundred years, he will be reckoned unworthy of 
life and will be cut off." — "Studies," Vol. I, page 144. 

"Under the reign of Christ, mankind will be gradually 
educated, trained and disciplined, until they reach perfec- 
tion. And when they have reached perfection, perfect 
harmony with God will be required, and any who then 
falls short of perfect obedience will be cut off, being 
judged uWorthy of life." — Same, Vol. I, page 143. 

Thisis grotesque imagery. If a second probation 
manifest the love of God more than a first alone, 
why should not a third probation show more love 
than only two ? Why should there not be a sufficient 
number of probations, so that, finally, all should be 
together? Why should a man be cut off at all? The 
Hindoo says he hopes to be born over and over and 
over again, till finally he reaches the goal. Pastor 
Russell merely prolongs the agony, and then cuts 
off those who are found unworthy. Which of the 
two is preferable theology? 

IV. His Missionary Committee. — One of the 
persons whom mjssionaries learn to distrust is the 
globe trotter. All such are in a class of their own. 
They are frequently big gentlemen with kid gloves 
and high silk hats, who buy first-class round-trip 
tickets in New York, and make a flying trip, often 
taking with them a pet theory they wish to establish 
before they return home. Men come to India from 
England who think that the British Government is 
just about perfect there, and they go home with their 
traveling bags brimful of evidence. Other men come, 
who think that England is merely exploiting the 
country, and they go home with abundant evidence. 
Others come to hunt big game. They find it, but 
never see a native Christian, and make no effort to 
see one. 

When Pastor Russell decided to visit India and the 
East, his books were already written, and his opinions 
well matured. No one expected him to revise his 
books nor change his opinions after the trip, neither 
■ to see any reason for anything of the kind. If ever 
he showed himself narrow and incapable of fair 
judgment, he did so when he got out his mission re- 
port. In Watch Tower for April 15, 1912, his report 

"It is our opinion that the work in Hawaii is a good 
one, viewed from the humanitarian standpoint, but an ut- 

ter failure, viewed from the standpoint of Christianiza- 
tion."— Page 127. 

He spent but a few days in Japan, but his report 
is ready : 

"It is plainly evident that the missionaries are feeling a 
considerable degree of discouragement, nor can we blame 
them."— Page 127. 

"The missionaries themselves appear to be an earnest 
band, but considerably discouraged. And no wonder."— 
Page 128. 

And then the report tells what the Japanese need, 
tells the missionaries how to be economical, and in, 
dulges in globe-trotter advice. On China, page 129, 
it reads: "We sympathize with the missionaries, re- 
alizing that they are in a very difficult situation. In 
conversation, many of them manifested great earnest- 
ness and real piety, and deplored their inability to 
accomplish more results along religious lines. Sent 
to convert the heathen, they would like to make such 
reports as would please and not discourage those who 
sent them forth,, especially in view of the fact that 
the Home Secretaries write them that donations are 
falling off and that encouraging reports must be 

The report is replete with statements that arc 
definitely false or clearly misleading. On India the 
report, page 122, says: "The London Missionary 
Society in Travancore has had some success. They 
claim, now a church membership of ten thousand." 
In the book " India Awakening," page 8S, by Sher- 
wood Eddy, a missionary, are these words, " The 
Christian community numbers altogether about 
70,000 persons, in connection with the London Mis- 
sionary Society in Travancore." 

The repeated statement that contributions arc fall- 
ing off is of special interest. He has it in his report, 
and he gets it in his sermons very frequently. It 
shows the trend of his thought and the desire of his 
heart. Christian people are nobly supporting mis- 
sions. If he can divert these gifts from foreign 
missions, the liberality of the people will seek other 
channels. Some of it will come to him. I asked a 
brother once, a brother who told me he had found a 
better religion (Millennial Dawnism), how much his 
prayers and gifts for missions had increased. He 
told me he wa% praying for other things now, and 
that his gifts were for spreading " larger truth " 
among professed Christians. 

But are contributions for God's work on the mission 
fields of the world falling off? Are Christians get- 
ting less interested in the conversion of the non- 
Christian world, and more interested in making pro- 
selytes of one another? Pastor Russell leads his fol- 
lowers to believe a lie in thinking so. At the he- 
ginning of the last century about $100,000 was being 
contributed annually for the foreign mission work of 
all churches. The amount has grown wonderfully, 
and is today growing more rapidly than ever. 

Home Income of Protestant Missionary Societies. 

Year American 

1900, $6,115,759 

1901, 6,228,173 
1904, 7,807,992 
1907, 9,458,633 
1910, 11,908,671 

British All Countries 

$6,846,958 $15,481,565 

7,028,381 16,174,966 

7.625,086 18,509,013 

9,361,036 22,459,680 

11,055,210 26,890,104 

In Watch Tozver of July 1, 1911, Pastor Russell 
has an editorial heading, " 30,000,000 to Convert the 
World. Is the Proposition a Joke?" In this very 
heading I say again, the minister indulges in de- 
ception, ridicule and sarcasm. Even at this present 
time the church with which Pastor Russell has no 
sympathy is raising about $30,000,000 every year to 
do the greatest work in the world, to make it possible 
for all people to know Christ and accept him if they 
will. But before the end of that one-sided editorial. 
Pastor Russell gets onto the other side of the ques- 
tion, and tells how a certain native Christian of India 
has been led to believe as he does, and then, very 
shrewdly, makes it known that if they had- more 
money they could do some work in India. Of all 
things ! 

V. The Probable Results of the Teaching. — 
From the very earliest times down to the present, 
there have been men who set the date for the coming 
of the Lord, and for the moment made quite a sti* 
among the neighbors. Then the time passed, the man 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 

and his mistakes were forgotten, and the world grew 
ripe for another similar experience. 

About the year 1000 A. D. many Christians thought 
tot the. time was now up, the fullness of time was 
upon them, and that the Lord would surely return at 
This belief had much to do with the three 

student of 


Christopher Columbus was no mean 
prophecy. He prepared a scholarly treatise on the 
subject, and discovered that one thing is sure,— the 
Lord would return inside of 150 years. 
* The "Fifth Monarchy" men of Cromwell's time 
believed the Millennium began with the overthrow of 
the royal family in England. Many English mystics 
expected the Lord's return in 1666. Swedenborg 
worked it out very carefully, and his conclusion was 
that the Lord would come in 1757. Bengel also made 
the time of the return 1757. William Miller began 
to preach in 1833 that the Lord would come in ten 
years and in 1843 Miller bad 50,000 followers. 
Chamiing said it would be in 1867? Russell says he 
came in 1874. Baxter proved the Lord would come 
in 1881, and many felt uneasy on that date. Russell 
now says the Lord will be revealed in 1914. It be- 
comes an interesting list, this does. A man by name 
of Thurman, less than fifty years ago, wrote "The 
Sealed Book of Daniel Opened." On the day ap- 
pointed for the return, many of Thurman's follow- 
ers went with him out to a hilltop, and wearing white 
robes awaited the coining of the Messiah. In the 

Russell is sadly misled, and that he is advocating 
erratic doctrines in support of questionable positions, 
will continue to pray for missions, and give liberally 
for their support, and for the advancement of the 
Christian church throughout the world, while they 
watch for the coming of the Xord. Because we do 
not know the time of his coming, we watch, and 
while we are watching, we keep on telling the Old, 

Old Story. 


"The Fundamentals," Vol. 7, Chapter 8, by Professor 
Moorehead; Testimony Pub. Co., S08 La Salle Avenue, 
Chicago. Price, IS cents. 

"Satan and the Saint," Chapter 4, being "Heresies ot 
Hie Millennial Dawn," by James M. Gray; The Bible Col- 
portage Association, 826 La Salle Avenue, Chicago. Price, 
15 cents. - 

"Millennial Dawn Error Exposed," by William Dillon; 
United Brethren Publishing House, Huntington, Indiana. 
Price, 10 cents. 

"The Annihilation of Jesus Christ," by I. M. Haldeman; 
Chas C. Cook, ISO Nassau St., New York. Price, 20 cents. 

"The Darkness of Millennial Dawn," by John N. Qumn; 
14 pages; Review and Herald Publishing Association, Ta- 
koma Park, D.'C; 2 cents. " 

"Russell and Russellism," by J. E. Hartzler; Mennonite 
Publishing House, Scottdale, Pa.; 20 pages, free. 

"The Heresy of Russell and Russellism," by J. E. Hartz- 
ler; Mennonite Publishing House, Scottdale, Pa.; 64 pages. 
Mt. Morris, 111. 

evening it was a sad and disappointed company. 

Pastor Russell's disciples speak of his " Studies in 
the Scriptures " as " The last word in reverent Chris- 
tian scholarship." It is, perhaps, more of a truth 
than they surmise, when they use the expression, for 
much indicates that as being the next probable step 
in infidelity. Pastor Russell unintentionally supports 
this thought in the issue of the Watch Tower, marked 
" For private circulation only," on page 26, where 
he says: 

"Knowing him to be clear on the subject of the ransom, 
I bade him God-speed and introduced a sample copy of 
his paper .... to our nearly ten thousand readers, 
only, as it proved, to stumble some of them into infidel- 

Thurman lived in Virginia. Wlfere he made his 
greatest stir, and in the locality where he drew most, 
of his followers from other churches, now are many 
unbelievers. The very locality is known far and wide 
as " infidel- corner." 

The most unfortunate results are almost sure to 
follow such improbable teaching as that of Pastor 
Russell. If the Lord should not be revealed in 1914, 
then what? He teaches that all others are Babylon, 
that' the safe course for all is to withdraw from your 
own church and join in with him, that all the rest 
of Christendom is to go topsy-turvy in 1914. Pastor 
Russell admits he was mistaken in marriage'. He 
admits he was mistaken in his early teaching. The 
great probability is that, while he has some valuable 
truth contained in his teachings, that he is much mis- 
taken on many points still. 

It is generally recognized that Dr. Dowie reached 
his zenith when he took a whole train-load to New 
York to convert that city. He failed in the attempt. 
The beginning of his downward course is marked in 
that episode of his interesting career. Today, in 
Zion City, north of Chicago, there are not less than 
six warring factions of Dowicism, each claiming to 
be the only original. 

Pastor Russell made his missionary tour around the 
world clearly in order to make a report against the 
missionary work. He has made his report. Having 
read it several times, I am impelled to record my 
conviction that, in the light of future years, this re- 
port and this missionary journey will be looked upon 
as the climax of misrepresentation, and the zenith of 
the success of Pastor Russell, and from this period 
to the end his maneuvers will show a general trend 
toward inevitable failure. 

Meanwhile his followers will fail to recognize the 
mission work as the greatest work in the world. They 
will not pray for missions, neither aid them in any 
way. Their gifts will go for the spread of Russell 
literature. But the hosts who do feel that Pastor 

The Separation. 


In a few days we separated. Mother and the girls 
went to our old home, while^ started for the Isle of 
Crete, to visit some of my cousins. 

It was at 4 o'clock oil Saturday afternoon that I 
boarded the small ship, " Navptlion " for Crete. Now 
Crete has two principal cities, arttl in which one of 
the two my cousins lived I did not Temember, es- 
pecially since their names are so near alike. One of 
the cities is called Canea, the other Candia. So when, 
at 10 A. M., the next day, our boat reached Canea, 
I went ashore to hunt up my cousins, but found that 
-they did not live there. So I returned to the boat, 
and we left for Candia late that evening. 

The following mornmg, about daybreak, we were 
in front of Candia, but there was such a severe storm 
that neither could our ship approach the shore, nor 
could row boats come out to us. And as there were 
many passengers for Candia and our ship had much 
cargo to discharge, we sought the shelter of a neigh- 
boring cove. Here we waited, hoping that in a few 
hours the storm would cease, and we could go back 
to Candia and land. But night came on, and still it 
stormed. The morning of Tuesday dawned, and we 
could behold Candia, only eight miles 'away, but it 
was still storming, so that we could not go in. 

All that day we spent in expectancy, waiting for 

of relenting and so we cast off to make for port. 
But short-lived were our hopes, for, after toiling for 
two hours, we had to return to the same cove and 
wait again. 

During these days of storm and waiting, I -could 
not help thinking of the similar experiences of being 
storm-tossed and storm-bound, which Paul had many 
years ago. The sea about Crete still has the same 
treacherous character. It may be calm and smooth as 
a sheet at present, and in an hour or two it will be 
tearing itself to pieces. 

It was Thursday morning when we finally found 
a little calm and approached Candia. Eighty-five 
hours had passed since we left Canea and under or- 
dinary circumstances it takes only six hours to make 
the trip to Candia. 

The entrance to Candia is through gates. Walls, in 
places over one hundred feet in thickness, encompass 
tlie city, and there are only three gates through which 
you can gain admittance into it. The walls are the 
work of the Genoese, who ruled the island many 
centuries ago. In those days, when there were no 
cannons, city walls were necessary and the gates were 
in use. But even within recent times, during the 
Turkish occupation, the gates were closed at night. 
And when these fanatical Mohammedan oppressors 
decided to engage in one of rtheir periodic massacres 
of the Christians, they would close tHe city gates 
during that day, so that those who were in the city 
could not escape the edge of their bloodthirsty 

Well, I finally reached Candia. I found my cousins 
and am comfortably entertained in their home. The 
experiences I had, in passing through the war zone 
have cost me. considerable, as far as my physical well- 
being is concerned. But the Lord knows what is best. 
At least for the present I can remain here and be safe 
from any political disturbance. For although both 
Turkey and Greece claim that Crete belongs to them, 
still the island is now ruling herself under the direc- 
tion of England, France, Russia and Italy. But with 
all this, the Cretans want to belong to Greece, and 
there is little doubt but that, at the end of the present 
war, they will be a part 'of the Greefc possessions. 
But until the war is over, she is neutral territory, and 
safe from all war-like entanglements. 
Candia, Crete. 

On the Coquille, Oregon. 


I find many things of interest in this Far Western 
part of the Lord's vineyard. 

Many a fine brother, in a typical Western home, 
surrounded by many children, lives on grassy meadow 
farms, where herds of fine milch cows browse in 
vernal or spring-like surroundings. One is apt to 
forget it is December. A "Western home," in 'the 

the waves to decrease their ferocious dashing against ear jy part f tne eighteenth century meant, to the Far 

our ship. In the afternoon pur bread gave out. .The 

ship only carried enough bread for a twenty-four 

hour trip, and we had been out at 'sea for some sixty 

hours already. Fortunately there were a few sacks 

of flour among the cargo of the boat, and although 

the ship's cook declined to make bread, by saying he 

did not know how, still, in our extremity, one of the 

passengers said he knew how to knead, and so they 

set to work. But there was no yeast on the ship, 

hence they made us unleavened bread in the form of 

large pancakes, out of flour and water. 

Under ordinary circumstances this kind of bread 

would not have been palatable but when one is hungry 

he eats anything that he can find, with a relish that he 

does not bestow on the rarest tidbit at other times. 
While the operations of bread-making were going 
on, some of the Cretan passengers from our ship 
lowered a boat and went to the neighboring mountains, 
where they had spied a flock of sheep grazing. Be- 
ing armed with guns, revolvers and daggers, they 
scared the poor shepherd into subjection, and brought 
away two of his sheep to the ship without, compen- 
sating him for them. That night they feasted on 
those two stolen sheep and the unleavened bread pre- 
pared on the ship. I am told that this is no uncommon 
happening for Crete. 

The following morning the sea showed some signs 

Eastern man, a log-house with puncheon floor and 
fields of stumps, not far from the Ohio river. In 
the latter part of the same century it may have meant 
the sod house or " dug out " of Kansas or Nebraska. 
A Western home here, in sight of the Pacific 
Ocean, at the beginning of the twentieth century, 
often means the choicest luxuries of homes built ac- 
cording to the latest architectural designs, its rooms 
furnished with the most modern styles of furniture, 
its floors covered with the costliest of Brussels rugs. 
Expensive pianos adorn many parlors. 

Our brethren, noted for their industry and econ- 
omy,' live, as a rule, 'however, in a more modest 
manner, but as far as I could observe, they enjoy a 
commendable degree of comfort and of domestic 

Here, on the Coquille River, still lives the aged 
widow of one of the earliest pioneer preachers, Eld. 
David Brower. The seed sown by this early am- 
bassador of the -cross and such colaborers as Elders 
David Barklow, S. S. Barklow, Peter Overholtzer and 
John Barklow (father of Thomas Barklow), and 
others, surely fell in good ground. 

It would be hard to find a more uniform, body of 
brethren and sisters,— a congregation so large and 
yet so nearly conformed to the general principles of 
the Brotherhood. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 


This Myrtle Point congregation, known as the 
Coquille church, has been a veritable incubator for 
the making and sending out of workers "in the field. 
She has representative workers in many parts of the 
Northwest. Eld. John Root is at present the elder 
in charge. He has five helpers in the ministry, each 
of whom has been called to the work at this place. 

Among these is Eld. Thomas Barklow, a man uni- 
versally loved, with a mission at home, among his 
own neighbors and kinsfolk. He is one of those in- 
dispensable men, found in some neighborhoods, who 
is depended upon to keep things going right, or to 
get things right. 

.Though- just in the prime of life, his record shows , 
him to be of sterling worth', — a man whose usefulness 
is better appreciated after such usefulness is lost. 

Since 1S94 he has baptized about 100, married 201 
couples, preached over 250 funerals and anointed 
over 50. The records are approximate, except as to 
•naniages. He solemnized 24 marriages in one year, 
and the same year preached 25 funerals. 

Putting my judgment to test, that others may em- 
ulate his splendid gifts, I would say three things make 
the man : His unswerving faith in the Christian re- 
ligion (for this is one Thomas who is not a doubter) ; 
his unshaken faith that the Church of the Brethren 
is the best living exponent of such religion; his open, 
frank, happy disposition, — a sunshine which works 
a kind of getrdose-to-a-tiveness to every one, — great 
or small. 

His worth to his community is not told in words. 
The influence of himself and his noble companion is 
seen and reflected in their children, living near them. 

Bandon is a seaport at the mouth of the Coquille 
River. Steamers from here reach Portland and San 
Francisco. Here the Brethren have a mission point. 
Eld. C. 'H. Barklow is here carrying on the work at 
almost individual expense. 

Of all the mission points I "have visited this has 
the best opportunity. Nearly 500 public school chil- 
dren, here, are not in Sunday-school. The people are 
very favorable'to the Brethren. They have a good, 
new churchhouse nearly, completed and partly paid 
for. Means are needed, but helpers are also needed. 

We were sixteen days with the Myrtle Point con- 
gregation, and one week at Bandon. The interest 
manifested was beyond all we could wish for, and 
indications for a harvest were plentiful, but, except 
for one young man, the ranks of Satan were un- 

May the Brotherhood at large remember, at a 
Throne of Grace, the splendid but struggling Brethren 
on the Coquille River in Oregon ! 

Bandon, Oregon, Dec. ig. 

Thanksgiving Day in Ping Ting Chou, China. 


Recently a card came, asking, " Do the people of 
China have a Thanksgiving Day?" The Chinese have 
special times and days when they burn paper money 
and offer food to their gods for answered prayers. 
A man who believes that, the " medicine god " has 
healed his diseased body, always goes back and pre- 
sents a motto to the supposed healer. These heathen 
men and women do know the meaning of gratitude, 
but they do not know from whom their blessings 
come. A day, set apart to praise and glorify the 
Giver of every perfect Gift, they do not observe, 
nor can they until there is a realization that the food 
which they eat, and the clothes they wear, are from 

On Thanksgiving Day our little band, together, 
with a 'few Norwegian friends, met at the home of 
Brother and Sister Crumpacker, to praise the Lord 
for his goodness to us. "To sing praise unto Je- 
hovah, because he hath dealt bountifully with me " 
fPsa. 113: 6, R. V.). Bro. Heckmati led the service, 
calling our attention to Col. 2: 6, 7. 

In the afternoon a meeting was held for the Chinese 
women. Thirteen were present. Each, in turn, named 
die things which she acknowledged as a blessing from 
the Heavenly Father. While most of these have no 
real sense that they are sinners and need a Savior, 
yet a, few are really seeking the light, and desire to 

know what they must do to be saved. We feel that 
this has been a day of blessings. 

The one thing for which we especially praise God 
is fox what has been wrought in this country during 
the past year. The time has come when the Chinese, 
too, enjoy religious liberty. Men who, a year ago, 
were afraid openly to confess their Lord, now find 
a joy in doing his will. 

The church of Christ has not been hindered be- 
cause of the past political disturbances. In one of 
the cities in South China the idols were cast out, and ' 
the temples converted into public buildings for Gov- 
ernmental use. Now, if ever, the church must march 
in and possess the land, and save China from un- 
belief and agnosticism. When the old is cast out, 
what will be the character of the new, which comes 
into the vacant house? 

We praise God that recently two women have been 
brave enough to face ridicule and come into the 
Opium Refuge, to be cured of the awful habit. We 
also rejoice that there is a Girls' School, with one 
pupil, so far. Our beginning is rather small, but we 
find courage in the outlook for the future. We read 
that the Word of the Lord shall not return unto him 
void, and that he who soweth bountifully shall reap 
also bountifully. The sentiment that girls need to 
be educated is growing slowly. Before the repairing 
was finished, the natives kept constantly inquiring 
when we would open the School and the Refuge. 
When everything was ready, the word was sent out, 
and the friends were invited to, come, but, as of old, 
they, with one accord, began to make excuse. It is 
a long step from idolatry^ to Christianity. 

We praise God that the work among the men has 
been growing very rapidly. Every Sunday morning 
the Chapel is crowded. Men are coming with a 
deeper purpose than to satisfy mere curiosity. Most 
are regular in attendance and the attention given to 
the spoken Word is that of a soul hungering and 
thirsting after righteousness. One old man recently 
took down his idols, thus manifesting, to his friends 
and neighbors, that he had put his trust into some- 
thing better than wood and stone. Another man 
offered us a chapel free of rent, if we would send 
someone to his village to preach Jesus and to do 
Refuge work. One of the middle school students put 
aside his lesson for a few days, in order that he might 
follow Bro. Crumpacker to- his village, and help to 
open up a Refuge and Chapel there. Several of 
these schoolboys attend services regularly. 

We praise God for the Opium Refuge work among 
the men. At present fifteen men are taking the 
cure , — more than at any one time before. The month 
of Bible teaching means gospel seeds in fifteen dif- 
ferent homes. Most of the men purchase a Testament 
before leaving the Refuge. 

We also praise God that we can be back at out- 
post this year, and that all is peaceful. During the 
Revolution our God safely kept us and richly pro- 
vided for all our needs. The experience brought 
many blessings, yet we would rather not be refugees. 

Nov. 29. ^^ 

A Paying Investment. 

BY C. S. 110FF. 

1 have been -reading what Bro. Stover says in 
Messenger No. 48, on " Giving Till It Hurts." Now, 
that is the trouble with so many people, — they give, 
expecting it to hurt. Then, when it does hurt, they 
make a wry face and quit, feeling that they have done 
their duty. Their giving is done 'as a duty and, of 
course, it hurts. Anything, done merely as a duty, 
hurts. You can't expect it otherwise. If we wish to 
give and feel good over it, we must want to give be- 
fore'we begin. Then we wiU'feel good all along. 

Now, we are by nature a business people. We want 
to put our money where it will bring us some returns. 
God created us that way. In fact he expected some 
returns when he invested in- the human family, — 
however poor the investment may have appeared to 
be at times. 

M£hen I buy a horse or a cow, or a piece of farm 
machinery, I want to feel that it is a paying in- 
vestment and that I will get dividends in some form. 
I do not like to pay out money, which. I have worked 

hard to earn, for something which I feel is a clear 
loss to me, and that I will never get anything in re- 
turn for it. Then, what right have I, or any one else, 
to ask others to do the very thing I do not like to 
do, — give to missions or charity, feeling that some 
one else is to get the benefit of it, and they are to 
get nothing in return for it? None whatever. But, 
I say, we look at it wrongly. Money given for those 
purposes is not lost to us. It is invested. " He that 
hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the Lord; and 
that which he hath given will he pay him again." 
Some of us have tried this and are satisfied that it 
is good Gospel. It has paid better than 10% or 20% 

If a business enterprise were started in any com- 
munity, and the people were convinced that it would 
pay better than 20% dividends every year, they would 
crowd each other to get a chance to invest in it. 
Now, why is it that they do not manifest the same 
desire to invest in missions? Simply because they 
are not taught that it is a paying investment. Those 
who give and feel good are the ones who have found 
out the secret in some way, and want stock in the 

A certain gentleman once gave sufficient to keep an 
Indian boy in school until he had completed college. 
As a result that boy is one of the greatest factors 
in the evangelizing of India today. Did it pay? 

" Well," you say, " the Lord gets the benefit." 
What if he does? We shall inherit all lie has. Not 
only so, but the dividends begin coming in at once to 
the church, and we are the church. Don't we feel 
richly repaid when our church is built up and 
strengthened? Every donation to the Lord's work 
will get back to us in some way. 

The U. P. Ry. Co, does not pay nearly all its 
profits back in dividends, but a large part goes to 
improve the road, The stockholders grow richer by 
it, and at any time tliey can "cash out" at the in- 
creased value of the stock. 

Just so it is with the Christian, Every effort put 
forth to build up the church here is treasures laid 
up in the great stock company of God's kingdom, 
and we can draw on it at any time. 

Then there is the inheritance. It is like when the 
children of Israel were allotted the land of Canaan. 
Each man was given all he would go and possess. 
Brethren, -if we do not get much in. God's kingdom, it 
is our own fault. Our inheritance will be just as large 
as we have made it, How much do you want, broth- 
er? Start right now to lay claim to a large estate, 
and make every effort possible to possess it. If it 
takes money to buy more stock, give it. If you 
wanted a new buggy, or a new house, or an automo- 
bile, you would part with the money to buy it, and 
feel that it was money well invested. Then, why 
use poorer judgment in religious affairs? Jesus un- 
derstood the situation when he said: "The children 
of Ibis world are wiser in their generation than the 
children of light." 
Oakley, Katis. 


One uf tlic most interesting numbers on our. Christmas 
program (which was given by the Sunday-school on the 
evening of Dec. 23, 1912) was the roll call of the classes, 
which was responded to by a delegate from each class, 
telling what had been done along the line of making this 
a*"gi"ving Christmas" for our Sunday-school. 

Four little folks responded from the primary depart- 
ment. The first little hoy reported four hundred and fifty 
little booklets (on the scrapbook order) made and sent to 
missionaries in India and China, to give to the little brown 
boys and girls whom they teach. ■ The second little boy 
stated that several rolls of large pictures had been sent 
too. The little girl, who came third, told how (with the 
help of their mammas and grown-up friends) quite a 
package of warm hoods, booties, etc., had been sent to 
Sister Martha Shick, Chicago. 111., to present to the mem- 
bers on her cradle roll as a Christmas remembrance. The 
fourth place was occupied by a little girl who demonstrat- 
ed how to do "good work" with postcards by pasting them 
on strips of muslin, and sendiirg them to the missionary 

The representative from the junior department stated 
that the juniors tendered a needy orphanage in South P?.s 
(Conclud&d on Page 38.) 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, .1913. 




Illinois' Prohibition. 


While conversing recently, with an elderly lady, 
she commented upon the sin and wickedness in the 
world. She said: "It is all because people do not 
r'ead their Bibles. The Bible is not taught m the 

schools as it used to be." 

Then I said: "Illinois has prohibition, though I 
hesitate to record the. fact that unfortunately the 
Bible has been prohibited from our public schools 
Irony, though it may be, it is the only prohibiten of 
which our State can boast. 

I asked another aged sister if the teachers availed 
themselves of the opportunity when they had it. Her 
reply was, " Perhaps not; but to be prohibited is what 
grinds me." 

Perhaps it is best to take a hopeful view of the 
situation. It may be a note of alarm to Christian 
teachers and directors, and perhaps superintendents 
are responsible, where this privilege exists, and is not 
made use of. 

The public school has a power peculiar to itself. 
The teacher is the pupil's ideal; then there are Chris- 
tian and non-Christian homes represented. Where 
the opportunities are at their command, let the teach- 
ers appreciate them by improving them, lest they, too, 
be debarred from the privilege. How we would have 
rejoiced had the decree beat reversed, thus making it 
compulsory to read the Bible in the schools. 

If the teachers of the city schools would take a 
few minutes every day to read a portion of Scripture, 
it might be the means of saving the prosecution and 
trial of many a criminal case in the courts. Especially 
might this be the case in the juvenile courts, for State 
laws are based largely on the laws in the Great Book. 
According to statistics, it is during the school age that 
criminals are made, and the iniquity of the " red light 
district " is then in its developing stage. 

Have automobiles and arc lights, moving pictures, 
and the like, so dazzled our eyes that we can not see 
to read the Old Book as we used to? 

Washington, in his farewell address to Americans, 
admonished them to cherish peace, unity, morality and 
religion. May the good Lord hasten the day when 
we Americans may have a spiritual vision. Yes, may 
there be many of these grand visions to touch our 
eyes, until they respond to the imperious words : " Be 
opened." Then, and then only, shall we see clearly. 
Franklin Grove, 111. 

marked. " Old man," he quickly protested, " I am 
seventy-one years young." 

He was right. A man's as old as his heart. 1 Ins 
" young man " hid kept his-heart young by permitting 
only the good and noble things of life to dwell there- 
in Like the violin, whose tone grows richer with 
age, he was growing nobler as the years rolled by. 

We have only once to pass through this life. Let 
us make the journey pleasant to ourselves by making 
it pleasant for our fellow-travelers. Every deed of 
kindness, little or great, will make the sun shine all 
the more brightly, as it follows us along the way, at 
last to sink in the earthly west, to rise in the heavenly 

1308 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, III. 

There is No Sunset. 


When a boy, back in the hills of Pennsylvania, I 
would delight in watching the sun slowly sink, leaving 
a beautiful afterglow along the mountain top. I 
thought the west to be just on the other side of the 

My west changed when I made my first trip " out 
west," — to Ohio. There I saw the same sunset but 
still to the west. I was exceedingly puzzled to over- 
hear a gentleman from " way out west," — from 
Iowa, — say that he had never been west. 

Last summer I found myself in the heart of the 
Rockies and the setting sun was still farther on. 
And when, later on, I stood at the Golden Gate, look- 
ing out over the Pacific Ocean, the same sun was 
setting,— but not in the west. It was rising in the far 
east. I saw it close our day, only to open the Orient 
day, and thus it was always morning somewhere in 
the world. The sunset had become the sunrise. The 
west had become the east. 

What a beautiful lesson for the Christian! Jesus 
Christ, the' Sun of Righteousness, knows no night, 
no sunset, but always heralds a new day. So let his 
followers know no night of faithlessness, no setting 
of hope, no darkness of despair. The eventide of 
earthly life is but the beginning of the heavenly morn. 
The other day I saw a gentleman, whom I judged 
to be about fifty years old, board a rapidly-moving 
car. "That's a good jump for an old man," I re- 

The Gospel Messenger a Missionary. 


A year ago, while canvassing the congregation for 
the Messenger, I found a poor family of which the 
widowed mother was a member of the church. She 
told me how she would like to read the Messenger, 
but could not afford to pay for it. The next Lord's 
Day I made the announcement from the pulpit, and 
asked for some one to volunteer to pay the dollar. 
A brother- was ready, so the poor sister got the Mes- 
senger. During the year two of the children have 
united with the church, and the family is prospering. 
To another poor family I sent the Messenger my- 
self. During the year two of this family have united 
with the church. 

To still another family I sent the Messenger on 
the missionary plan. The wife in this home, who is 
a mother, has united with the church. 

On the liberal plan, above referred to, the Mes- 
senger went fifty-two times into these homes. Pos- 
sibly to its contributors belongs the honor of gaining 
these five souls. For only $2.50 these fifty-two 
Messengers were sent into these three different 

I am wondering,- this Christmas Day, how many 
Brethren homes there are, in which money is spent 
in lavish display for the gratification of sensual lust, 
while we continue to complain of the high cost of 
living, and the expenses of the church. Isa. 55 : 2 
says, " Wherefore do ye spend money for that which 
is not bread, and your labor 'for that which satisfieth 
not?" These words seem quite applicable to the 
present generation. 

Last Lord's Day I again made the announcement 
regarding the poor, again emphasizing the missionary 
proposition of the Messenger. As a result the paper 
goes again into two poor homes, and as a missionary 
into four other homes. I am wondering if all the 
ministers have done their whole duty in making these 
announcements? What might we expect, in a year 
from now, if on New Year's Day twenty-five thou- 
sand of our people would start the Messenger out 
on its mission, into homes where it has not hitherto 
gone? It can be done at fifty cents per copy. My 
prayer is that the Holy Spirit may show us things to 
come (John 16: 13). 
Meyersdale, Pa. 

victed, will always respond to the right. ■ Conscience 
directs aright to a certain extent and, if it has not 
been seared by disobedience, can be depended upon. 
Conviction comes not only to lead us to repentance, 
and open the door to the justified life, but also comes 
as a steppingstone to a higher and more sanctified 
life, that we may more and more become transfigured 
into the heavenly glory. As we grow in our Chris- 
tian life, we lay aside, one by one, the things that we 
used to do, and press on to higher things as we grow 
more like Jesus. As we grow and become more like 
the heavenly parent, the little wrongs that the world 
does, and that we. have done, look out of place for 
us to do. This is conviction- working in us, making 
us refined and fit for the kingdom. 

The world is "convicted of sin, righteousness and 
judgment" because of what Christ taught and lived 
while here (John 16: 8). The minister of the Gospel 
brings conviction to the sinner by his life as well as 
by his preaching. And every Christian may so live 
that the Holy Spirit can bring" conviction to the world 
through him. In this way powerful sermons can be 
preached every day, and every honest man, outside 
of Christ, will come to him and his kingdom will be 
strengthened mightily. 

3435 Van Burcn St., Chicago, III. 


The Boys Who Were Carried Captive. 

I. Their Captivity and Education (Dan. 1: 1-8). 
For Sunday Evening, January 19, 1913. 

1. Their Captivity.— (1) The native home (Dan. 1: 1, 
2). (a) Its name, location, and the religion of its people, 
(b) Its siege and capture. (2) The Jewish boys carried 
away (Dan. 1: 3, 4). (a) Why where they taken? (b) 
What were their qualifications? (3) The new home, con- 
trasted with the native home, (a) Its name, location and 
religion of its people. 

2. Their Education.— (1) The king's food provided 
(Dan. 1: S). (2) Time they were to stay in school. (3) 
The changing of their names (Dan. 1:.6, 7). (a) Purpose, 
—To get them away from their religion, (b) Significance 
of their names: Daniel (God is my judge), Belteshazzar 
(Bel's prince); Hananiah (Jehovah's servant). Shadrach 
(King's friend); Mishael (who is what God is), Meshach 
(gentle one); Azariah (Jehovah, our help), Abednego 
(servant of star), (c) Effect— Dan. 1: 8. (1) What it 
was— a resolution. (2) Why such a resolution? (3) The 
value of such a resolution (apply today). (4) (Its re- 
sults will be our next lesson.) i 




The word "convict," in the classics, is a court word 
and means a cross-examination of the convicts, in 
order to get at the real truth. Brought into the Bible, 
it comes to mean ,r a setting at rights," or " a chasten- 
ing from the Lord." In the New Testament the idea 
prevails of convicting to get the people right with 
their religion and their God. Having faith in God, 
we are convicted and are led to repentance, hence we 
may say that the conviction lies between faith and 
repentance. Again, conviction is the evidence of 
things not seen (Heb. 11 : 1), for we do not see with 
the natural eye the spiritual things that we know ex- 
ist. We lay hold upon that of which we are convicted, 
and act upon the ground of things not seen, and they 
become the basis of our lives. 

Conviction is faith driven in until it demands action, 
and the convicted one commits himself to a decision 
for the better or worse. An honest man, being con- 

Our Highest Expectations Realized. 

Psa. 15: 1-5; 17: 15. 
For Week Beginning January 19, 1913. 
1. A High Ideal.— The truly devoted child of God sees 
visions. "I shall behold thy face," says David, and he 
utters these words from the assurance of his heart, know- 
ing that the greatest desire of his heart shall some day 
be realized. So the longing soul today desires to behold 
the face of Jehovah's anointed— Christ the Righteous. It 
is a vision we all long for. As all these years we have 
been reading about Jesus, and as we have been studying 
his wonderful life, we have been striving to live by his 
marvelous doctrine, but never, as yet, have we seen the 
King in his glory. The day is coming, however, when our 
vision shall be clearer. We shall see as we are seen,— 
know as we arc known. We shall see him face to face, 
and commune. with him in rapt ecstasy. There will be a 
closer fellowship than one of enraptured, gaze (Psa. 16: 
11; 73: 24; Isa. 33: 17; Dan. 12: 3; 2 Cor. 5: 1; Col. 3: 4; 1 
Thess. 2: 12). 

2. We Shall Be Satisfied.— Divine blessings are in readi- 
ness to meet every condition of the regenerated soul, to 
gratify every heaven-born aspiration. We shall neither 
hunger nor thirst any more. There is no longing which 
an immortal nature, washed in the blood of the Lamb, and 
clothed in the spotless robe of his righteousness longs for, 
but shall be gratified. It is not so now. True, we have, 
at times, a brightness that delights, but on the horizon 
there is the low-lying cloud, indicative of possible tem- 
pests. We have our homes where love is, and where the 
heart feels at rest.- But our doors open into courts of 
sorrow and heartache. We rejoice in the mercy of a 
covenant-keeping God, and rest in the assured conviction 
that Christ shall yet be the Ruler of the earth. What 
comfort that there will be an awakening time for all who 
sleep in Jesus. Some day we shall behold his face in 
righteousness, and shall be satisfied (Luke 12: 32; Heb, 
13: 14; 1 Peter 1: 3-9). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 



Character Sketches from 
My Jungle Home 

By NORA E. BERKEBILE (Late Missionary in India) 


! Madam Sahcb 

No. 7.— Our Maratht Pundit on Marriage. — Part II. 

" Let us see, where did we leave off yesterday, in 
our conversation on the marriage ceremony? O yes, 
I told you of the first or great day. As a rule, the 
four days following are almost a repetition of those 
described before. 

" The second day of the wedding proper they place 
a sort of ornament, made of gold leaf or gilt paper, 
and flowers, on the forehead of both the husband and 
wife. This is to avert the effect of the evil eye. 
This is seen in all ceremonies. They engage in child- 
ish sports, and processions go along the streets. 

" On the third day the husband and wife together 
perform a sacrifice. 

" On the fourth day the couple rub each other's 
legs three times with powdered saffron." 

"What for?" we asked. 

"Who knows? I do not," the teacher replied, 
shrugging" his shoulders in true Oriental custom,— 
" Perhaps because it looks nice. 

" On the fifth day we spend our time chiefly in 
dismissing the gods, divinities and ancestors we had 
previously invited to be present during the ceremonies 
and feasts. 

" Then there is a distribution of presents to the 
guests and " 

"Presents to the guests?" we interrupted again. 
"Why presents to the guests? At home we expect 
the guests to give the* presents." 

" That is not our way here,"- he replied. 

" The wedding ends by a procession through the 
streets. If the parent can afford it the couple are 
seated face to face in a palanquin. Both are loaded 
with flowers, jewels, and other ornaments." 

" When Lurdiki was married, her father carried 
her, and some one else carried her husband. Why 
was that, Master?" 

" O they could not afford a palanquin, you see. 

" Now, Madam, I have described our Brahmin 
wedding, as performed by the wealthier class. All 
follow it as nearly as they can. 

" The Sudra ceremony is less elaborate but equally 
solemn, for marriage is considered the most important 
affair in a man's life, according to our view." 

" I should think it would be the most expensive 
one anyway," we replied. 

" After the ceremony, friends present the couple 
with gifts as you say you do in America at the wed- 

" But now suppose the girl is very, very poor and 
the boy also. What do they do?" 

" O the boy agrees with his employer to work for 
him a certain number of years for scarcely enough 
rice to live on and a very few clothes, if he will 
furnish-money for the wedding. He practically makes 
himself a slave." 

" Then that was what Lurdiki wanted us to do, 
no doubt, but we did not furnish the money, so he 
must have borrowed it elsewhere for I see he has a 
wife and they live in a little hut down in Agra warda." 

"Yes, no doubt" replied Joshi Master. "He may 
never get the .debt paid and if he has any sons they 
may have to pay his wedding debt." 

"Isn't that a very bad custom?" t 

"Yes, but what can we do?" he replied. 

" Up at Bulsar we are teaching our native Chris- 
tians to make no marriage debts. There the ceremony 
is simple and what they would pay out in giving a 
great feast, they use to buy cooking vessels and 
blankets and other necessary things for the house." 

"But our fathers and their fathers did this way 
and we must do as they do, you see," and he heaved 
a sigh and went on. 

" No, the little wife does not go immediately to her 
father-in-law's home, for often she is no more than 
four or five. 

" After the ceremony she stays closely guarded at 
her parents' home until she can fulfill all the duties 
of a wife. Then there is another feasting time and 

" She is taken to her father-in-law's house now and 
stays perhaps a month. Her parents come and get 
her and she stays there, perhaps, a month. This Js 
kept up for the first year or more until a child is 
born. And this child is usually born at her mother's 

" It is considered a disgrace to the woman and also 
■to her parents if the first baby is born anywhere but 
under the paternal roof. About two months before 


■ ■ ^ 

.** /%r ' 

■ i 

1 im 

t - - * 




~f -i,~l 


; 1 


"An ornnment of gilt paper and flowers is placed on tile 
forehead of bride and erroom, to ward off the effect of the evil 
eye. The trio of girls at the rlghit, on the back row, hold 
these masks. The third from the nerht Is 'Junnebai.' 
'Lurdiki' is the tall girl In front" 

the child is to be born, her mother comes and takes 
her home and keeps her during the birth of the child 
and until she is well and strong. She must not go 
back unless her mother-in-law or some near relative 
from her husband's home comes after her. 

" If she ever takes it into her head to leave him, 
no matter what trifling matter caused the quarrel, 
and even if the fault is all on her side, he must come 
after her. 

" Should my wife get angry and go away to Mahim 
to her father's, I would have to go and get her." 

" Well," we laughingly answered, " it seems that 
in that case the India woman scores one ahead of 
the man. But it is a beautiful custom you have just 
told us about the first baby and mother being cared 
for in the maternal home. I like that." 

His face lighted up with pleasure because we found 
something to commend. 

"If there are several older sisters-in-law, the little 
wife sometimes has a very, very hard life, for she 
must take their abuse as well as the abuse of her 
mother-in-law. • 

" If the rice is scorched, it is the little wife who 
did it and she gets a beating. If a vessel is broken, 
she is punished. The hardest work is'hers and, since 
she only fears her husband, she often does not dare 
to complain to him else the mother-in-law gets jealous. 
I wish it might be different. You see my heart is 
tender on this subject, for my own little daughter is 
away, and I think of her. Her lot is not so hard as 
some, for she has a kind husband. " 

" The daughter-in-law's hopes are that she may be 
the mother of many sons, and that then she will rule 
the household in the future. 

"We have a saying like this: 

"'Three days for the mother-in-law and 
Three days for the daughter-in-law.' 

" It is the same as the English maxim, ' Every 
dog has his day.' " 

" No doubt, if they have had a hard life, they them- 

selves will be kinder to their daughters-in-law, will 
they not?" 

'• Ah, Madam, it is a story of the past. They for- 
get, and are often as exacting as their mothers-in-law 
were with them." 

Does she never seem to have a favorite daughter- 

"O yes, but 1 do not know as it makes the life of 
the favorite any better because her sisters-in-law get 
jealous and she has double to meet from them." 

" Well, I'm glad we do not have that custom in 
America," I replied. " I have one of the dearest 
mothers-in-law and dear sisters-in-law, but if all of 
our four families were to live in one house, I wonder 
just how it would be. I like our own private home 
life or, if there is just one son at home with the 
parents, that is all right, but when it comes to four 
or five or six families together, — well I would not 
like it. Master, you do not live at your father's 

" O no ; I am in Government service and my family 
goes with me wherever T am sent. We have it more 
like you people do and 1 must say it is a happier life. 

" Madam, come and sec my wife some day, will 
you? We live near the schoolhouse, The Head 
Master lives in one part of the house. It is right ;il 
the fork of the road. One street branches off to 
Agra warda, while the other comes down here past 
the Kacherri (court-house)." 

"Yes, I know. Thank you; 1 shall he delighted to 
come. May she come to see me?" 

" Ah— ahm, — well — Madam you see it is this way: 
Our Brahmin women do not do much visiting in — er — 
strangers' homes." 

"O I see," I replied, "yes, I shall call on her." 

"Yes, she will be glad; so please call soon. Now, 
Madam, I have told you about our weddings, so 1 
would like to know something about yours.'' 

" Well, Joshi Master, one of our Miss Sahebs is married soon, so you may come and see the 
ceremony for yourself. We shall be sure to invite 

He seemed pleased, and promised to do so. 
(To Be Continued.) 

Value of a Smile. 

The will of Alice Johns Nudges, of Chelmsford, 
England) was probated the other day, and was found 
to contain a bequest of $500 to Mrs. Walker, the 
wife of a bank cashier, for simply smiling pleasantly 
at the testatrix as they left the church together. Mrs. 
Walker explained, when told of the gift, that she 
remembers to have seen Mrs. Hodges at church one 
morning, and that, noting something in her face that 
attracted her, she greeted her with a smile and a kind 
word, and chatted with her pleasantly at the church 

Oh, the value of a smile! What a wealth of hap- 
piness it gives to the one receiving and the one giving 
as well ! How many a maiden has won a husband, 
a young man a bride, by a pleasant smile! How 
many burdens have been lifted from a heavy heart, 
and wrinkles taken out of the face of care, by a pleas- 
ant salutation! The simpering smile of the profession- 
al even can draw a good salary in many oi the callings 
of life. But the genuine smile of the pure and loving 
spirit is a treasure beyond compute. The church is 
a good place for a smile, for a tender courtesy, and 
for a Christian love. There would be fewer with- 
drawals from churches, and a larger number of ad- 
ditions' to the membership, and a sweeter sympathy, 
and a better growth, if there could l>e smiles and hap- 
py greetings instead of the frowns that chill and the 
cross words that wound: These are sure to interfere 
with the prosperity of the church, for there 
little brotherly love where they reign, The apostle 
insists that this Christian affection is a necessary 
evidence of true conversion.— The Christian Herald. 

In the Scriptural "gallery of fame" are found 
many of the ancient worthies; they are there not be- 
cause of their " blue blood, V social or intellectual 
rating, but because they minded the God of the Scrip- 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 

The Gospel Messenger 

OmoaJ Org»n of the dmroli of tie 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission boabd. 

IB to 24 South Statu Street. Elgi n. Illinois. 


Editor. D. L. Miller. „ „ 

* * Office Editor, J. H. Moore 

Assistant, L. A- Plate. 

Correipondlnff Editors, 

rfraSt SaV ■.•.■.•".• •■.■.■:.■. ...- y • ■ ■ ■ -Om«J^ Cuha. 

Business Manager. R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee. 

S. N. McCann, G. W. Lentz, P. R. Keltner. 

WAU business and communications intended for the _papcr should 
and not to any individual connecte d with it 

Entered at the Post Office atEhrin. 111., aa Sccood-class Matter. 

This year Easier falls on March 23. 

Twelve were added to the church at Empire, Cal., 
during the protracted meeting held by Bro. C. H. 

Fifteen recently united with the Mound church, 
Mo., where some revival work was done by Bro. C. 
A. Miller. 

At South Poplar Ridge, Ohio, where Bro. J. A. 
Gump held revival services, six were recently added to 
the church. 

The meetings at Bellefontaine, Ohio, with Bro. 
]. O. Garst doing the preaching, closed with seven 

A nine days' meeting at the Bailey church, N. C, 
with Bro. Jos. H. Griffith in charge, closed with seven 
accessions. ■ — 

Bro. F. D. Anthony, who recently located in Bal- 
timore, Md., may now be addressed at 852 Thirty- 
seventh Street. 

The series of meetings, held by Bro. George Mish- 
ler at the Union Center church, Ind., dosed with 
six conversions. 

The meetings at Limestone, Term., conducted by 
Bro. Isaac Frantz, closed with five baptized and others 
awaiting the rite. 

Bro. John Hovatter, of Welton, Ariz., has re- 
turned to Hovatter, W. Va., and should now be ad- 
dressed accordingly. 

Bro. W. H. Lichty, of Waterloo, Iowa, is still 
engaged in a Bible Institute at Surrey, N. Dak., to 
continue two weeks. 

A very fruitful revival was held at Quinter, Kans., 
by Bro. S. E. Thompson. Forty-one were baptized 
and one was reclaimed. 

The special Bible Term at Hebron Seminary, 
Nokesville, Va.j opens on Saturday of this week and 
continues until Jan. 19. 

Eight came out on the Lord's side during a series 
of meetings conducted by Bro. H. J. Woodie, at the 
Brick church, Wirtz, Va. 

On Monday of this week the House received the 
largest mail for the season. There were over 500 
letters in the first delivery. 

A minister is greatly needed in the Rock Lake 
congregation, N. Dak. For particulars write Bro. 
Albert Sharp, Egeland, N. Dak. 

A new house of worship in the Dry River con- 
gregation, Va., was recently dedicated. The house 
is to be known as Mount Bethel. 

Bro. E. S. Miller, of Hanover, Pa., writes us that 
he is in a position to hold a few series of meetings in 
congregations desiring his services. 

In India over 300 are said to have been baptized 
during the year 1912. A report from each foreign 
mission field, giving correct information of this sort, 
would be appreciated. 

The Mission at Grand Rapids, Mich., is prosper- 
ing. During the last quarter nine accepted Christ 
in baptism, while one was restored to fellowship. 

The members at Sidney, Ohio, were assisted in a 
series of meetings by Bro J. Fidler. Nine put on 
Christ in baptism and one was restored to fellowship. 

Three weeks were devoted to a series of meetings 
at Patterson, Cal., Bro. C. E. Wolf doing the preach- 
ing. Eight accepted the faith and were added to the 

The revival at the Center House, Blissville con- 
gregation, Ind., Bro. C. S. Garber doing the preach- 
ing, closed with thirty-seven baptized and two re- 

Bro. A. A. Sutter, of Roanoke, La., District 
Evangelist, is devoting much of his time, this winter, 
to evangelistic work in Texas. His work seems to. 
be appreciated. 

Announcements for spring feasts are already 
coming in. These will be placed in the Standing 
Announcement Department about six weeks prior 
to the dates for the respective feasts. 

In the Ministerial List, in the Brethren Almanac 
for 1913, the address of Bro. D. A. Rowland is Polo, 
111. It should have Been 516 North Dement Avenue, 
Dixon, 111., his present place of residence. 

At Osceola, Ind., Bro. C. Metzler preached nine- 
teen spiritual and instructive sermons that were well 
received. Nine were added to the church by con- 
fession and baptism, and one was reclaimed. 

Last week Bro. I. B. Trout spent a few days at 
East Akron, Ohio, conducting a Teachers' Institute, 
and reports one of the best gatherings of the kind 
he has yet attended in that part of the State. 

At Antioch, a mission point in* the Fountain con- 
gregation, Ripley Co., Ind., a revival was held by Bro. 
A. M. Laughrun, of Tennessee, and five accepted 
Christ in primary obedience. One is yet to be bap- 

Our new Book Catalogue for 1913 is now ready 
for distribution, and will be sent free to all those 
desiring a copy. It contains a list of everything we 
have for sale, and should be in the hands of all those 
having dealings with the House. 

The pastor of the church at M uscatme J Iowa, is 
out with a small local paper, bearing the title, 
" Muscatine Brethren Index." We have the first 
issue, and it will likely prove interesting to the mem- 
bers and others, interested in the work at Muscatine. 

Lewis S. Newcomb, of Rocky Point, Va., a young 
brother in the second degree of the ministry, is think- 
ing of making a change, and would be pleased to cor- 
respond with some churches where a minister is 
needed. ■ 

The following, from Bro. H. B. Bruiribaugb, 
Huntingdon, Pa., will explain itself - " In our article, 
' Location for Annual Conference East,' page 830, 
hi giving names of the committee present, we said: 
'J. M. Leatherman, Purgitsville, W. Va.' It should 
have been .' George S. Leatherman, Old Fields, W. 
Va.' " 

Each congregation should have a regular corre- 
spondent whose duty it is to report the news to the 
Messenger. This week we received three reports 
about the same revival, and no two of them agree 
in the number of accessions, nor do we know which 
one is the most reliable. We, however, select one and 
publish that only. 

Do not let the length of Bro. W. B. Stover's article 
on Russellism, in this issue, prevent you from read- 
ing the entire communication. Referring to the in- 
fluence of Russell's work, Bro. Stover writes us that 
while in India he met one missionary who was leav- 
ing the field on this account. Those wishing extra 
copies of this issue can have them at the rate of 
fifteen cents a dozen. 

" The Temperance Addresses " delivered at York, 
Pa., at the Third Annual Temperance Meeting, and 
supplied in pamphlet form by the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, are not free, as some have been led to 
suppose. The pamphlet contains twenty-four neatly- 
printed pages, and will be sent postpaid for five cents 
per copy, fifty cents per dozen, or $3 per hundred. 
Address all orders to the House. 

Bro. C. P. Rowland, nowjpreaching at Rombauer, 
Mo., writes us that Bro. Geo. Mahler, who recently 
passed -to his reward, is greatly missed in that part 
of the State. He had charge of several congrega- 
tions, and was a very active and zealous elder. Bro. 
Rowland further says that the District of Southwest- 
ern Missouri and Northwestern Arkansas is very 
much in need of more ministers. 

Instead of Arcadia being on the east side of Flori- 
da, as stated in a former issue, we are told that it 
is on the east side of Peace River, twenty miles above 
Charlotte Harbor and nearly the same distance from 
the Gulf Coast, and, consequently, on the west side 
of the State. The colony is ten miles east of Arcadia, 
on Indian Prairie, on a new railroad line surveyed 
from Tampa across the State to Ft. Lauderdale. 

Bro. W. M. Howe, Secretary of the General Tem- 
perance Committee, 1012 Bedford Street, Johnstown, 
Pa., would like our readers carefully to examine the 
list of Temperance Committees in the Brethren 
Almanac for 1913, and report to him any errors that 
may be discovered. 

Bro. John R. Snyder, Bellefontaine, Ohio, after 
saying some complimentary things about the Mes- 
senger, and recounting some of the blessings that had 
come his way during the year just passed, adds : " But 
the greatest blessing came a few days ago, when our 
two boys, aged twelve and fourteen y%rs respectively, 
gave themselves to Christ and united with the church." 

On account -of the lack of room for the purpose, 
the Annual Bible Term, in connection with Bine 
Ridge College, N,e» Windsor, Md., niay have to be 
omitted this year. It requires all the spare room 
available to provide for the unusually large number 
of students. By another year more ample accommo- 
dations will likely be at the disposal of the managers. 

A few weeks ago an aged elder, who has devoted 
a long life to serving his Master, handed us ten 
dollars and told us to make use of it in sending the 
Messenger to ten poor people, who are not able to 
pay for the paper. That is his way of doing good, 
and a splendid way it is. We would be pleased to 
have others follow his example. Then there are 
those who might accompany their donations with 
the names of some poor people. 

We enjoyed a very pleasant call from Bro. J. 
Edson Ulery, of Onekama,' Mich. He was on his 
way to Mount Morris, where he is to hold a Bible 
Institute at one of the outlying points of the congre- 
gation. During the summer Bro. Ulery gives at- 
tention to his fruit farm in Michigan, and devotes 
the winter months to evangelistic and Bible Institute 
work. Since entering the field, he has held 126 In- 

In visiting the different mission points on the 
Eastern Continent, it will not be necessary for Bro. 
Galen B. Royer to make a circuit of the globe. He 
is planning to go to England, then to Denmark "and 
Sweden, and from there to China over the Russian 
and Siberian Railroad. He will return home by way 
of India and the Suez Canal, stopping at Jerusalem 
and, possibly, at Smyrna. He is to visit a number of 
other missions* aside from our own, with a view of 
studying their work. 

Just a few days before the close of the year, Dec. 
27, Bro. David Neff, of Roann, Ind., passed from the 
scenes of earth to the rest that is beyond. In his 
day he was one of the strong men of Middle Indiana, 
but about fifteen years ago became blind, and 
while he stHl did some preaching, he was greatly 
handicapped in his work. He was looked upon as 
' a fine Christian man, loved the church, and gave his 
life in the interest of the cause he espoused. He was 
called away in his eighty-sixth year. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 


We are requested to announce that the next regular 
meeting of the General Sunday-school Board will be 
held in the Brethren Publishing House, here in Elgin, 
on Wednesday, March" 5. Any one having matters 
of business, concerning the Board's work, is hereby 
requested to send the same to .Bro. I. B. Trout, Secre-, 
tary of the Board, addressing him at Elgin. 

There are several things regarding giving that Bro. 
W.'B. Stover, who at any time may be addressed at 
Mount Morris, 111., would be pleased to know: He 
wishes a list of the churches giving yearly an average 
of $5 per member for all purposes ; also those giving 
an average of $2 per member for foreign missionary 
- purposes. The names of these churches, the number 
of members, and the amount donated for foreign, 
District, home mission work, along with the amount 
for educational purposes, should be stated. 

It will be observed that this year Pentecost falls on 
May 11, and the regular date for the Annual Meeting 
would be May 13, but the Committee of Arrange- 
ments has seen proper to move the time up to June 
3. On account of the special railroad rates that go 
into effect in the South, June 1, a correspondent sug- 
gests that June 10 would have been a very de'sirable 
date. But the time is now settled, and we can 'do no 
better than to work to it. However, in 1916 the 
meeting, as regulated by Pentecost, will fall on June 
13, and in 1943 on June 15. These dates will certainly 
be late enough. ; 

Bro. E. L. Craik, McPherson, Kans., kept a care- 
ful record of the death notices published in the Mes- 
senger during 1912, and now reports that the number 
of deaths total 995, there being 439 ( brethren and 556 
sisters. March has the highest death rate of any 
month in the year, the reports showing 147 deaths, — 
sixty-one men and eighty-six .women. In all prob- 
ability a number of deaths were not reported in our 
columns, and it may be safe to place the loss by death 
at about 1,200. The loss by expulsion and with- 
drawal might be placed at 200, making a total of 
1,400. This, deducted from the 6,415 baptized dur- 
ing the year, would leave a net gain of 5,015, or 
over five and one-half per cent. This is three-fourths 
per cent more than stated last week, and is probably 
about correct: 

A footnote in last issue, page 3, calls attention 
to the imprisonment of a number of our early min- 
isters in Germany, and also during the late war be- 
tween the North and the South. Bro. Miller would 
have us remind our people of the suffering endured 
by several of our ministers in Denmark and Sweden. 
Bro. Christian Hanseti was imprisoned in Denmark 
for a year because he refused to go to war. Bro. 
Risberg, in Sweden, was imprisoned three times for 
the same cause, and last year another minister, Bro. 
Nils Jonsson, was sent to prison in Sweden because 
he decljned to respond to the muster. Including 
those who suffered in Germany, Sweden and Den- 
mark, the list of ministers of the Church of the 
Brethren, who have been imprisoned for refusing to 
take part in military affairs, woud probably reach 
about fifty, — a very honorable list indeed. Consid- 
erable information on the subject may be found in 
" The Olive Branch of Peace," an interesting bo^k 
by Brethren S. F. Sanger and Daniel Hays. For the 
benefit of posterity, it might be a splendid thing if 
some one, who is in a position to do so, would collect 
■ *he facts concerning the prison experiences of our 
ministers, and let us have the same for the Almanac 
or the Messenger. 

Taking Care of the College. 

A clear-headed writer once said, "The church 
must save the college in order that the college may 
save the church." The college, of course, must re- 
ceive attention at as early a date as possible, so it can 
be trained for the church's use. Instead of having 
the college work the church for all there is in it, we 
would have the church work the college for the good 
that may be accomplished. Instead of permitting the 
college to run the^church to her notion, suppose the 
church gets down to business and have the college 
run to suit her purposes. Since the church is sup- 
plying the money to build the college, and since she 

is, in various ways, supporting the college, this would 
be at least fair. Our people want to get it thoroughly 
fixed in their heads that the colleges for which nicy 
furnish the money and the support, should be run 
for the church. In fact, we need to become more 
interested in the college than we have been, for the 
college is studying us, and unless we move up and 
get to doing some solid thinking ourselves, there 
might possibly be an excuse for the college setting 
the pace for the church. 

This reminds us of an incident which we give as 
an illustration. A few years ago one of our colleges 
secured the services of an active elder, for the spiritual 
help he could be to the school. When he took charge 
of his work he found the use of instrumental music 
in all the chapel services. The students had grown 
so accustomed to the piano, in their song services, 
that most of them could not sing without the aid of 
some kind of an instrument. Our earnest elder got 
the faculty together and told them that, as the school 
was being conducted for the Church of the Brethren, 
it should be run in keeping with her accepted prin- 
ciples. He further told them that the young people, 
^attending the school, should be trained to sing without 
the use of the piano, so, on returning home, they 
would be of some service in their home churches. 
Pie made it clear that since the church had furnished 
the money to establish the school, and was furnishing 
most of the students, she had a right to expect the 
students to be trained for her services. 

The faculty saw the reasonableness of the plea, 
and from that day to this the piano has not been used 
in the chapel, Sunday-school and preaching services. 
All of the young people are being trained to sing, 
and they can sing. When they leave the school and 
enter any of our churches, they can make themselves 
useful. The churches where they hold their mem- 
bership can make use of them. This is what we 
mean by running the college for the church, for as 
we run the college, the college will some day help 
run the church. As we save the college from the 
errors _into which colleges sometimes fall, the college 
may, in the future, compensate the church for her 
trouble and care by furnishing well-trained men who 
will help to run the church as it should be run. It 
pays to give the colleges all necessary attention, for 
if we take good care of them they may, at no distant 
dav, take care of the churches. 


In all the congregations there are withdrawals. Or 
in other words, there are backsliders. , One after an- 
other resigns his membership. They grow weary of 
church fellowship, and seek relief in resigning their 
membership. It has always been so, and, I suppose, 
will continue to the end. If this is true, and it can 
not be avoided altogether, the important question is, 
Is it kept at the minimum? 

A number of causes enter intQ the question. The 
chief one, no doubt, is want of regeneration. Mem- 
bership in the kingdom of God is based on regener- 
ation. " Except a man be born of water and of the 
Spirit, he can not enter into the kingdom of God." 
Being born of water and of the Spirit, is the means, 
you see, of entering into the kingdom of God. This 
is the way, the only way. The church k intended 
only for such as come this way; it is for, the re- 
generated, — only for them. And the real church is 
made up of only this class. But, while this is true, 
there are many who gain and hold formal member- 
ship ; it is membership only in name. 

Regeneration is the process of passing from death 
unto life, when the individual is made free from the 
law of sin and death. His poor, broken heart is 
healed and made glad; his chains of slavery to sin 
drop off; his eyes are opened to behold the beauty 
of our God; his tongue is loosed to speak words of 
praise and thanksgiving; he becomes a new creature in 
Christ Jesus; old things pass away. 

Why should this man wish to turn back? What 
does the world have to offer for the exchange? Is 
it probable, after one has been restored from dark- 
ness to light, from slavery to liberty, from death to 
life, and has tasted that Gq4. i.$ precious, that he would 

desire to return to darkness, slavery, death and the 
certainty of eternal damnation? Is it probable that 
one thus sanctified by the blood of the covenant, 
would rise up and trample under foot the Son of 
God, count the blood of the covenant wherewith he 
was sanctified an unholy thing, and do despite unto 
the Spirit of grace? Is man capable of such an act, 
such sin? 

Maybe. It is no doubt possible, yet hardly prob- 
able. Admitting that it is possible "to fall from 
grace," it is certain, I think, that only a few of those 
who are truly born of God ever turn back to "the 
beggarly elements of the world." On the other hand, 
it is easy to understand how the unregenerated in 
the church fall by the way. They have never been 
made alive to spiritual life and fellowship. These 
afford them no pleasure; therefore they are dead 
to them. They naturally turn to the things to which 
they are alive, and which give them pleasure; and 
these are outside of the church. So they "back- 
slide," as men call it. 

The remedy for this is to teach more fully and 
urgently the need of regeneration. Let the church, 
especially our evangelists, be more interested in the 
regeneration of the people,— not that we should have 
less interest in getting people into the church, hut 
more care, more interest, that they come the regen- 
eration way. This condition can not be too much 
emphasized. There is no gain in adding the unre- 
generated. On the other hand, it is a decided dis- 
advantage to both the individual and the church, If 
the unregenerated, already in the church, could be 
converted, that would be the greatest blessing to be- 
gin with. Recently, an elder in whose congregation 
I was preaching, said, " The greatest need here is 
about thirty or forty conversions in the church." 
And it is no doubt true that that church is the type 
of hundreds of others. 

Besides the need of regeneration, the want of prop- 
er pastoral care is responsible for loss of many. 
Jesus teaches pastoral care with as much plainness 
and urgency as he teaches regeneration. The Gospel 
is to be taught to the people, and they that believe it 
and repent, are to be baptized. This is regeneration. 
These are born into the kingdom. Now the growth 
stage begins. Pastoral care begins. The conditions 
of growth and the elements of strength must be sup- 
- plied. "Teaching them to observe all things what- 
soever I have commanded you," is intended to cover 
this stage. 

When a child is born into the world, it requires no 
argument to prove the need of proper care. With- 
out healthy food, clothing, cleanliness, pure air, ex- 
ercise, etc., the child is dwarfed, probably dies. At 
most, it can not reach its best. 

So in spirit. The new-born babe must be nourished 
with the sincere milk of the Word, so that, when 
grown up, it can eat meats. High ideals must be 
taught, and clean living must be maintained. The 
helpfulness of pure associates must be understood, 
and the danger of impure associates appreciated. The 
imperative need of exercising in all the Christian 
graces, such as the study of the Word, meditation, 
prayer, attendance upon the public sanctuary, inter- 
est in men, deeds of kindness, etc., must bq impressed 
with emphasis. In general, the life of the member- , 
ship must be directed and cared for. 

This is the work of the pastor, or elder, if you 
please. The work, in general, is poorly done among 
us, and we are paying the price in the loss of souls, — 
those that withdraw that might be saved by the proper 
pastoral care. It's an awful responsibility to face. 
It belongs not to the minister, or elder, alone; it be- 
longs to the church. The matter can be remedied just 
as soon as the church is ready to shoulder her part of 
the proposition. Let there be a distribution of bur- 
dens; or, rather, I would say, Let there be a dis- 
tribution of privileges. Let each one claim his share 
of the privilege of service, and the question is solved. 
The minister, of himself, is not able to use your 
privileges and his, too. Or, in other words, he is not 
able to do your work and his, too. See? This matter, 
properly adjusted, will provide the much-needed care. 
There are men sufficient to take care of all the church- 
es, if they are put in position to. cLq it The most of 


THE "GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 

these men have families to f or, or debt ,i ™ 
schooling to meet, and these are their ntst obllga- 
tions Without some assistance it .s impossible fo 
them to discharge the full duties of a pastor and 
elder. ^^^r^^^^ 

THE word ■'home" is perhaps used more, in the 
Common literature of the world, than any other word 
i„ the English language. And, in the description and 
terpretation of it, all the pretty, sweet bright and 
brfay adjectives have been so fully and frequen y 
employed that they have been almost robbed of their 
sweetness and homelike attributes. Yet there is a 
sound and ring in the word "home" that touches and 
tenders the heart as no other word can. 

The feeling, as we have it in the home-going, is 
developed and intensified first, by and through the 
experience of going away from home,-the though 
of the change it makes and means m the individual 
that goes, and in the home-life left behind. There 
is a vacancy left that seems to need filling, and that, 
too, of a kind that nothing else will fill. It grows out 
in one way. and must grow in another way. 

Do you know what this means? Perhaps not, but 
your experience, as it has come or may come to you, 
may give you a taste of it in a more forcible way than 
we are able to explain to you. 

Secqtid this feeling is developed and intensified by 
the' thought of home-going. As the time approaches, 
a very peculiar feeling comes to some persons. Some 
get exceedingly anxious for the desired moment to 
come, and they commence to count the weeks and the 
days, and even how .many hours it will be. This 
feeling brings an intense desire and love for the place 
we have learned to think about and call home. This 
feeling is so peculiar that if we experience it once, we 
never fully forget. 

When a boy, we always had a desire to "keep 
school." as we then called the profession, and there- 
fore strained every possibility to get the necessary 
preparation. We got it, had the called-for examina- 
tion, and secured a school some fifteen miles away 
from home, among strangers. So strange was every- 
thing to us that we might as well hare been in Europe. 
But finally we announced the morning for opening, 
heated up the old ten-plate stove, and then waited for 
the boys and girls to come that we might "keep 

But the beginning brought- to us the beginning of 
the " peculiar feeling," and by evening we had it in 
all of its fullness— so bad that we thought if we 
could only go out on a nearby hill and look toward 
home, it would do us some good, and restore to us 
some of the joy that we feared we would ,never have 
again outside of the walls of home, sweet home. Of 
course, we were mistaken. But that fact did not 
give us the comfort for the time being. 

But we learned the lesson, and that was to appre- 
ciate home as we never appreciated it before. And 
the lesson was: It is a good thing for young people 
to be stirred out of the old nest, and learn to fly alone, 
by using their own wings. We never realize what our 
parents do for us until we get beyond the reach of 
their voice, the sight of their ever-watchful eyes, and 
• the kindly ministration of their ever-willing hands. 
We need some of the struggles of life to make boys 
and girls, men and women, out of us. Remember the 
fable of the eagle that played goose so long that wdien 
it stretched out its wings to be an eagle, and to fly 
with the eagles, it learned that it was a goose still. 
No, homesickness is neither silly nor disgraceful, if 
we have enough grit to punch it down after it has 
done its work. 

We were inspired to these thoughts as we sat at 
our desk, looked over to the college, and saw several 
hundred students starting on their way homeward, 
and how many glad homes it will mean when they 
all get home again ! How glad the hearts of the girls 
and the boys will be on their arrival home ! In it we 
see a beautiful picture, — the home, parents and chil- 
dren anxiously waiting to catch the first sight of the 
coming ones, some at the windows, others standing 
in the doorway, and still others running out with open 
arms to meet and welcome them back again. 

What more? The joy of preparation is not the 
least of it. The mother has had all her plans well 
laid The father and children have willingly ad- 
justed them with ready hands, plans and suggestions 
If not the fatted calf, the strutting gobbler, or several 
of the choicest, plumpest roosters have been slain, 
the mince and pumpkin pies have been baked, the 
brown doughnuts, with the hole in the middle, have 
been generously provided, and dozens of other such 
essentials, as mothers think must be a part of the 
homecoming. And who objects? Not many of us. Even 
our good preachers are smitten with such scenes, put 
on a broad smile and inwardly, if not outwardly, say : 
" I wish they would invite us to be present that we 
might rejoice with them, and return thanks for them." 
The " them " rnav mean for the girls and boys that 
come home, or the things provided for -them. In 
either case it is justifiable that the good minister 
should be a welcome guest. It makes things better 
all around. 

Now this picture may not represent the inner life 
of all the homes. If not, it is not the fault of the 
picture, but a shortage in some of the component 
parts The true beauty and sweetness of it has bee* 
tainted and smirched by some little bit of ugliness 
that somebody is now sorry for, and is perhaps on 
the stool of repentance. At least he ought to be, 
because, unless we can make our home-coming here a 
heaven of joy and gladness, it somewhat clouds our 
prospects for the heavenly home-going. H. b. b. 

of all the ministers of his congregation. In case a 
choice is to be held for a deacon, then the deacons, 
as well as the ministers, should be consulted before 
the matter is presented to the church. There is a 
right as well as a wrong way of doing church work, 
and it is always safe to do it the right way. Our 
custom of consulting the official board, before asking 
the church to enter into an election for church of- 
ficials, is certainly, a wise provision. It tends to 
strengthen the bond of union that should exist be- 
tween the elders, ministers and deacons of the con- 
gregation, and enables them to understand each other 
only the better. By thus consulting regarding im- 
portant church matters, they learn to work together 
to better advantage, and this paves the way for har- 
mony among the laity. 

A. Word of Cheer to Men of Fifty. 

The Chicago Record-Herald has this to say as to 
half-century men: 

"A Berlin newspaper has published a Christmas- 
cheer symposium on ' the man of 50,' to refute the 
notion that that age spells inferiority or decline of in- 
tellectual productivity. Artists, scientists, physicians, 
men of affairs contribute to the symposium, and all 
assert that as a rule one does his best work between 
the ages or forty and sixty. 

" Is not this labor comparable to the breaking of 
an open door? He who asserts that a man of fifty 
is old or useless is hardly worth converting. He 
can not know anything of history and biography, and 
his powers of observation can not be great. 
' "At fifty men in any profession or business or art 
are at their best. They have learned to know and to 
govern themselves; they have valuable experience, 
moderation, habits of sustained work. They have lost 
the confidence, enterprise and brilliancy of their 
youth, but they have gained qualities which, from the 
view-point of the world's work and progress, fully 
offset the losses. Even the misquoted and misunder- 
stood Osier never denied the great usefulness of the 
work of men of sixty and over. All .that he ever 
said was that inventions, daring flights, new theories 
and speculations are apt to be the contributions of 
men under forty. He never claimed that we can live 
by hypothesis and speculation alone, and that dis- 
cipline, steadiness of purpose, industry and grasp are 
not in the long run the better part of genius. 

" Tribute or cheer to men of fifty, forsooth ! Give 
to those who need them. The men of fifty are the 
serene lords of creation, and the youngsters will do 
well to sit at tneir £eet and - P ront °y tne ' r wisdom." 
Some of the best work accomplished in this world 
has been done by men of fifty and upwards. A man 
of fifty, with a sound mind and body and of studious 
habits, ought to have at least twenty years of good 
work in him. - D - L - M - 

Consulting the Officials. 

In answer to inquiries, regarding the holding of 
an election for church officials, we state that no ar- 
rangements for such an election should be made with- 
out the elder in charge first conferring with the of- 
ficial board. If the official board is in favor of a 
choice being held for a minister, or a deacon, then 
the church should be asked if she is willing to go in- 
to such an election. The elder in charge, without 
the consent of his official board, has no right to call 
for an election. If a choice is to be made for a 
minister, he should bring the matter to the attention 

Church Names. 

In the notes front our correspondents, as published 
in the Messenger from week to week, churches 
should, as near as practicable, be designated by the 
names of the places where they are located, instead 
of by the local or neighborhood names. In its im- 
mediate neighborhood, a meetinghouse may be known 
as Bethel, Zion or Bethany, but any reference to the 
'place in our columns should be given in such a way 
that the location can be understood by the readers in 
other States. Here in Elgin our meetinghouse is 
known as the Highland Avenue Church, though in 
the Messenger it is designated as the Elgin church. 
The name Zion is all right and proper for a neighbor- 
hood use, but in a communication for publication the 
name of the city or town in which Zion is located 
should invariably be noted. We may happen to know 
that there is a Bethel in this, that and the other city, 
but when our patrons read news from Bethel, in this, 
that or the other States, nine-tenths of them may not 
have the faintest idea as .to where Bethel is located, 
whereas, if the city or the town should be named, it 
would all be clear to them. For local use, as well as 
in the interests of sentiment, religious names are to 
be encouraged, but for a news department, in a 
journal like the Messenger, they are often far from 
satisfactory. __^^^_ -^— — 

Playing Checkers. 
An earnest reader wishes to know whether it is 
right for a minister of the Gospel to play checkers. 
We never heard of any of our preachers, or elders, 
wasting their time over the checker board, and, 
as to whether it is right or wrong, one thing is certain : 
Were the Master suddenly to appear in the room 
where a minister is engaged in a game of checkers, 
that preacher would turn as white as a sheet, and the 
next day would probably have to be sent to the san- 
itarium to be treated for heart failure. Some one 
may say this is not a good rule by which to settle ques- 
tions. We answer by saying, that what it does settle 
is always settled on the safe side of the question. 
In these days of clubs and entertainments, games are 
becoming much more common" than spiritual songs 
and prayers, and it behooves consecrated men and 
Women to " abstain from every appearance of evil " 
(4 Thess. 5 : 22, Revised Version). So far as we can 
understand, checkers and cards belong to the same 
class. — — ^^^^^^ 

Dividing Up the Estate. 
A correspondent tells a beautiful story about a 
Christian father dividing up his estate between his 
children. He divided his property into as many parts 
as he had children, counting the one who had died. 
Referring to the portion set apart to the latter, he 
said : " This portion represents my departed daughter, 
who, I trust, is now in heaven. It is a sacred fund 
and must be securely kept as a standing fund, the 
income to be used in the interest of mission work." 
This was a noble act, and the fund may be looked 
upon as a missionary monument. What this father 
did, might well be done by others who^have .children 
in heaven. Let the portion falhng to those who 
have gone before be set apart as a sacred fund, to be 
employed in the winning of souls, and in the end 
sinners will be saved and God glorified. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 




». fi. Miller, Chairman Mt Morris, 111. 

B. C. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird, Va. 

Galen B, Royer, Sec. and Treas Elgin, 111 

Chas. D. Bonuack, Union Bridge, Md. 

J. J. Toder, ,. McPherson, Kansas. 

Otlio Winger, North Manchester, ind. 

General Mission Board, Elgin, ni. 


Our members here enjoyed feasts of good things Dec. 
21 and 22, at which time Bro. Galen B. Royer, of Elgin, 
111., delivered three edifying sermons for us. An offering 
of $30 was given for World-wide Missions. On Christmas 
day Bro. E. M. Culler, of Bethany Bible School, delivered 
an uplifting discourse. 

Dec. 28 we met in special council to elect officers for 
1913. Eld. C. A. Huber was reelected presiding elder; 
Bro. Amos Bigler, reelected Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; Bro. Otis Hoover, reelected president of the Chris- 
tian Workers' Society. The writer tendered her resigna- 
tion as church correspondent, and Sister Bertha George 
was chosen for that position. Brethren Daniel Wysong 
and David Metzler, of Nappanec, Ind., were present to as- 
sist in the work. Bro. Wysong will remain with us and 
give us a talk tomorrow. Our Thanksgiving offering of 
$25 was sent to Colorado City, Colo., where the members 
are laboring to erect a house of worship. We also remem- 
bered Sister J. M. Neff, of Lordsburg, Cal., by sending 
her $10. Mrs. Osie Brumbaugh. 

Goshen, Ind., Dec. 28. 


Dec. IS Bro. Paul Mohler began a Bible Institute in the 
Emmanuel house, which continued until the evening of 
Dec. 27. He gave us about thirty Bible lessons and 
preached fifteen sermons. These meetings were a rev- 
elation to our membership, and never before have our 
members, who attended regularly, been so interested in 
the study of the Word and the great need of the higher 
spiritual life. If all our churches would spend more time 
in the Bible Institutes, as conducted by the Bethany Bible 
School, many of the vexations and problems of our church 
would be settled by the power of the Holy Spirit. 

On Christmas afternoon the children rendered a pro- 
gram, which was followed by a talk by Bro. Mohler on 
"Peculiar Conditions of Child Life in France." One was 
added to our number by baptism since our last report. 
The Brethren met in council Dec. 7, at which time consid- 
erable business was pleasantly disposed of. Church and 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. 
Bro. D. G. Berkebile was chosen as our elder, arid Sisters 
G. A. Hall and Sarah Smith as superintendents. The 
writer was chosen Messenger agent and correspondent. 

Delta, Ohio, Dec. 28. Mrs. D. G. Berkebile. 


In addition to my previous note, I will say that our se- 
ries of meetings, conducted by Eld. J. O. Garst, of Day- 
ton, Ohio, closed with good interest on Sunday evening, 
Dec. 22. That day seven more united with the church 
by baptism. Some of them were heads of families. The 
sermons were spiritual and uplifting, and much good seed 
was sown. Our members met in council Dec. 21. The 
devotional exercises were conducted by Bro. Garst, who 
gave- an interesting talk from 1 Cor. 13. Bro. B. F. Sny- 
der, our elder $- presided. Two letters of membership were 
granted. We chose Bro. Snyder as our elder for another 
year. Bro. Mahlon Maugans was elected trustee and 
treasurer. The writer was chosen clerk, church corre- 
spondent, Messenger agent and Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, with Sister Gordie E. Snyder as superintendent 
of the cradle roll and Sister- Emma Neer as superintend- 
ent of the home department. Bro. C. E. Crim was chosen 
as the third member of the committee on the Christian 
Workers' Meeting. A committee of. three was appointed 
to secure a pastor for this place. We are in great need of 
some one to take up the work here. Bessie M. Kaylor. 

Bellefontaine, Ohio, Dec. 26. 


The Annual District Bible and Sunday-school 'Institute 
for the Middle District of Iowa convened at the Panora 
house of the Coon River congregation, Dec. 16, at 10 A. 
M. Bro. James M. Moore preached at the same place 
the previous evening, to a good-sized congregation of in- 
terested hearers. # 

The Institute continued three days. There were three 
two-hour sessions each 3ay, — forenoon, afternoon and 
evening. The Committee of Arrangements decided to 
serve dinner and supper at the church, thus lessening the 
labor in the homes. 

There was a full attendance and good interest from the 
start. The instructors, Bro. J. M. Moore, of Bethany 
Bible School, Bro. V. C. Finnell, of Des Moines, Iowa, 
with our efficient District Sunday-school Secretary, Sis- 

ter Marie Jasper, of Ankeny, came well-prepared and with 
their heart and soul in the work. 

The churches locally, especially in the western part of 
the District, were looking forward to this event with ex- 
pectation and prayer for its success. Thus, with a united 
aim and effort in God's name, the promised blessings 
were realized. 

All ages, from boys and girls in their teens, to veterans 
past threescore and ten, were there, having a part in its 
work and its blessings. The subject of prayer, as pre- 
sented, was impressed upon all as being within the reach 
of each person. Parables were investigated to the edi- 
fication of the students. 

The ideals and equipments for soul winning and Sun- 
day-school work were, in some instances, in advance of 
what most schools now enjoy. Great improvements liave 
been made in the past. There is room for more in the 
future. Every Institute we have had has been an im- 
provement on its predecessor. 

We were especially impressed with an unfortunate 
phase regarding the work of our District. Up to the 
present, these Institutes have been located in the western 
part of the District. The eastern portion has been poorly 
represented and, consequently, little benefited. We hope 
that the next one will be more centrally located, so that 
the entire District may be profited by it. 

The Institute was a, spiritual uplift and benefit to all 
who took part in it, and we hope will result in more and 
better work for the Master. J. D. Haughtelin. 

Panora, Iowa, Dec. 21. 


Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue, Are 
Given Space on This Page. 

St. Francis. — We met in council Dec. 21, with Bro W T 
Price presiding-. The work was all done In n Christian man- 
ner. On Saturday night and Sunday Bro. Price preached two 
soul-cheering- sermons. The attendance was small. — Dora 
Sloniker, Palestine, Ark., Dec. 23. 

Santa Pe Mission. — Dec 22 was a very busy day at the Mis- 
sion. The Sunday-school attendance was 135, and the collec- 
tion was $10.64. In the evening 2G8 people crowded the Tittle 
chapel, and listened attentively to a splendid Christmas pro- 
gram, at the close of which several pupils received books for 
faithful attendance at Sunday-school. Each pupil was pre- 
sented with an appropriate gift. Then the superintendent 
and his assistant stepped forward with a great basket, full of 
oranges,— a surprise treat from Brother and Sister J, S. Kuns. 
Then, too, a great heap of groceries on the platform clearly 
indicated that the needy families were not overlooked. — Hattie 
Y. Gilbert, Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 28. 

Good Hope church met in council Dec. 21* Our eider, Bro. 

D. B. Miller, presided. One letter of membership was received. 
Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the com- 
ing year. Bro. D. B. Miller was chosen again as our elder; 
Sister Mary Kinzte, cleric; Bro. B. Bamford, treasurer; 
Sister Grace Hulse, chorister; the writer, Messenger corre- 
spondent. Sunday-school officers were chosen, with Bro.' 
Charles Ullery as superintendent, and Sister Lettie Lyman 
as secretary- treasurer. We had no services either on Thanks- 
giving Day or Christmas, for various reasons. Last Sunday 
Bro. S. J. Burnett, of Oklahoma, gave us a very interesting 
talk. Any brethren, who are thinking of changing location, 
will do well to see our part of Colorado, before locating else- 
where. We are In need of more workers here to help build 
up a church. — Maude C. Kinzle, Haxtum, Colo., Dec. 27. 


Bethany (Solomon's Creek House). — Nov. 30 Bro. David Hol- 
linger. of Greenville, Ohio, came here to hold a series of meet- 
ings but as he could stay only a few days, Bro. Hiram 
Forney, of Goshen, kindly consented to take up the work. 
Bro. Otho Warstler, of Syracuse, preached two sermons for 
us until Bro. Forney could come, which was Dec. 6. He re- 
mained until Dec. 22, preaching twenty-one excellent sermons. 
Many testified that he gave us more real Bible truth than 
they had heard In years. A deep Interest was awakened. 
There are only a few families of our people living here, but 
the meetings closed with a full house. We have been built up 
in the Lord. — Nettle C. Weybright, Syracuse, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Camden. — Bro. Eiler, of North Manchester, Ind., preached 
for us on Thanksgiving Day and also on the Sunday follow- 
ing. He exhorted us to live faithful, according to the Word of 
the Lord. Dec. 8 Bro. Ulery, of Michigan, began an eleven 
days' Bible Term. He took his morning subjects from the 
Book of Acts. These lessons were Intensely Interesting. 
as were also the evening lessons from the Old Testament, be- 
ing the 1013 Sunday-school lessons. By studying God's Word 
together, we have been built up and made to love the Old 
Book better. — Nellie Whitacre, R. D. I, Pennville, Ind., Dec. 

Tippecanoe church met in council Dec. 21, with Bro. F. O. 
Rlcbcreek presiding. Bro. Rlchcreek was authorized to se- 
cure a minister to cenduct a series of meetings for us this fall. 
Our Young People's Meetings are well attended. — Joslah Gar- 
ber, E. l D. 3, Syracuse, Ind. 


FiodoniLi. church met in council Dec. 21. Eld. E. E. Joyce, of 
Gardner, Kans., presided, Bro. Amos Wampler was chosen 
elder in charge, and Sister Effa Young, secretary. Bro. V. A. 
Marhofer was chosen Sunday-school superintendent, and Sis- 
ter Nannie Wampler, secretary-treasurer. — Adie Studebaker, 
R. D. 5, Fredonia, Kans., Dec. 28, 

Hutchinson Mission.— A very interesting and instructive 
Christmas program was rendered * by our Sunday-school 
scholars on Sunday night, Dec. 22. The exercises were en- 
joyed by a large and attentive audience. The work is doing 
nicely here, considering that we have so few members lo- 
cated In the city. Our Sunday-school* demands more teach- 
ers, but we are unable to get them. This is a serious prob- 
lem with us, as well as with other mission points. We 
have been helping a few needy families and, should the wea- 
ther become more inclement, we will be much in need of 
clothing, shoes, etc. If some of our Aid Societies have dona- 
tions of any kind, we would be very glad to receive them. — 
Grace E. Schul (missionary), 527 East Seventh Street, Hutch- 
inson, Ka,ns., Dec. 27. 

Mont Ida. — On the evening of Dec. 25 our Sunday-school 
rendered a Christmas program, which was listened to by about 
200 people. Then each received a nice treat. Dec. 14 our 
members convened in council and chose Bro. F. G. Edwards as 

our elder in charge for one year; Bro. Earl Watklns. church 

Officers^?/ , R P -, Wat l £ ' nS "* tr ^ s -cr. The SundaySSSS 
Officers were chosen for six months, with Sister Delia Edwards 
as superintendent, and Bro. Chos. Hart man as secretary- treas- 
on'' ,°i 3 ' 2' S,1M " f >' Preached for us on Thanksgiving Day. 
t o i^flir y ™:°- S ", J - Uetkm ™' The collection amounted 
Ida? Kans Bee* 37 corres P on ^ nt -— J»na> Sherfy. Mont 

Zlon church met today for a Christmas Meeting. A goodly 
number were present. Most of them were brethren and sis- 
ters, Some were kept at home on account of sickness, Bro 
Jra G. Blocher gave us a good Christmas sermon on "The 
R-n T° f T> C « riSt -" ^ WrtS fo » owe ° with a talk by our elder. 
Bio. L P. Bowman. We had pleOflftnt weather here on Christ- 
mas Day. We have only about one Inch of snow It would 
be a good time for us to hold a protracted meeting, but n-» we 
have _ no church house, we have decided not to have a series 
of meetings this fall. Bro. Martendall. of Emtere Nabr eat- 
E£? m° m<n ' e „ here thls week or next. Bro. Nerl Sh rider, 
from the New Haven church, has also purchased a homo here 
Others, also, are looking this way. Those who want good 
cheap homes, hart better come now. as the most desirable' 
homes are being taken rapidly.— W, F. Mason, Prescott, Mich.. 

Konsaa City (First Church of tho Brethren).— Our scries 
of meetings closed Dec- 15. Bro. T. J. Simmons labored ear- 
nestly for two weeks. One soul put on Christ In baptism We 
trust that others may yet be added to the fold as a result of 
Bro. Simmons' efforts at this place. Dao, 22 our Sunday- 
school gave a Christmas program, after which the children 
were given a treat of oanfly, nuts and oranges. Tho Mission 
Board of the Middle District of Missouri WOS with ufl and we 
peyolce to know that our elder, Bro, Q, W, DcntB, and wife are 
to remain with us for another year. Tho prospects are bo- 
coming more encouraging. We are praying earnestly that 
there may bo a rich I iign tillering of souls to help In tho work of 
tho Master's vineyard In this city.— Ellen Jordan, 4112 South 
Lawnclale Avenue, Kansas City, Mo., Dec- 23. 

Traternity church mot in council Dec, 7. with tfld. .1. l'\ 
Robertson presiding. Four letters or momberahlp wero ac- 
cepted. Eld. IT. J, Woodle was chosen as our fore in an (or Lhe 
coming year.— Emma Spaugh, R. T). 1, Winston Salem, N. C, 

Golden WlUow ohuroh met In council Doe. 23. We enjoyed 
an excellent session together, and the business was '.very 
quickly disposed of. Our ehurciihouse Is to be moved Dec 30 
and 31, If tho weather will permit. We reorganized our Sun- 
day-school Dec. 22. Bro. E. B. McCann was reelected super- 
intendent with Bro, D. J. McCann as secretary. — Rutlli Mc- 
Cajvn, SyReston, N. Dak., Dec, 20. 


South Poplar Ridge — We commenced a series of mootlnga 

Dec. 8, which continued two weeks, conducted by Bro. J. A. 

Gump, of Chiirubusco. Ind. Sister Sarah Molman led the 
song service. Six of our Sunday-school children wore baptized. 
Three of them 'are very young In years. The members are 

encouraged and strengthened, and others nrn near tihe king- 
dom* — Sadie Noltslnger, R. D, 5, Defiance. Ohio, Dec. 20. 


Mt, Hope church met In council Dec. 21, lfiI2. with our 
elder, Bro. J. Lehman, presiding, Bro, P. G. Meek was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Clara Tin we 11. 
secretary and treasurer. The writer was reelected clerk, cor- 
respondent, and Messenger agent. Pro. Lehman was with us 
on Sunday, and preached an Interesting sermon. Wo offer 
a special invitation to members, and especially to ministers, 
passing this way, to stop with us. Members, wishing to 
change location, are solicited In the work here. — J. D. Howell, 
Crescent, Okla., Dec. 26. 

Thomas. — We met In council Dec. 21. Our elder, Bro. A. L. 
Boyd, presided. Four letters of membership were grouted, 
Two letters have been received since our last council. Sis- 
ters Julia Stutzmnn and lo McAvoy were retained as a com- 
mittee to secure a minister to devote his time to tho church 
work here. Bro. Chas. Showalter was chosen as home mis- 
sionary solicitor) and Sister Olive Ibrlg as foreign missionary 
solicitor. Sisters Mabel Poyner and lo McAvoy were chosen as a 
Local Temperance Committee. Bro. L. E. Poyner was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent for the next six months, and 
Sister Addle Ennls as president of our Christian Workers' 
Meeting. Bro. J. Appleman was chosen as older of this con- 
gregation for the ensuing year. It was decided to hold serv- 
ices twice each month at the Swan sehoolhouse, Instead of 
only once, We have an active teacher-training class. Christian 
Workers* Meeting and Sunday-school, each of which Is grow- 
ing in Interest and attendance. — Elsie K. Sanger, Thomas, 
Okla., Dec. 26. 


Harris burg- (West End Mission Sunday-school). — On Thurs- 
day evening we held our Christmas exercises. Wo had recita- 
tions, solos, quartettes, and other special singing by the 
school. The superintendent presented each Officer, teacher, 
adult scholar and members of his class with a photograph of 
himself, and at the close of the exorcises each one present 
was given a box of candy and an orange. The attendance for 
tho evening was 111, and the collection amounted to $fi.58. 
The attendance and Interest for the year have been very en- 
couraging, but It is our desire to do more and belter work 
for the Master during the coming yenr than we have ever 
gone In the past. — Walter Maugans, <I0li Chestnut Street, Hnr- 
rlsburg. Pa, Dee. 28. 

Hatfield — Dec. 7 Em. Nathan Martin, of Rheems, Pa., came 
to us, and while here conducted a two weeks' series of meet- 
ings at the Lansdalo house. Ho preached nineteen sermons. 
His plain, positive manner of reasoning from tho Bible con- 
vinced many that there Is but one way to heaven. He also 
conducted Bible readings on the following subjects: "Prayer," 
" Baptism," " Heaven," " Hell," " Excuses," and " The Bible." 
These lesson 6 were very helpful and greatly appreciated by 
all. It also suggested to many a new plan of studying the 
Sacred Record. Tho meetings closed with a good Interest. 
Three accepted Christ. Two of them are awaiting baptism. 
A number of others seem to he almost persuaded. Our mem- 
bers are greatly revive!. — Mrs, George Light, Hatfield, Pa, 
Dec. 26. 

Upper Canowago church met in council at East Berlin, Pa., 
Dec. 21. Three certificates of membership were granted. We 
decided to hold our love feast at the Mummert house May 17 
and 18. The writer was reelected superintendent for the 
coming year at East Berlin. A missionary collection was 
taken on Thanksgiving Day. Dec. 18 Bro. Ralph Schlosser, of 
Ellzabethtown, Pa., began a series of meetings for us. The 
attendance and interest are good. The meetings are to con- 
tinue, no Providential hindrance, until New Year's evening-. 
One has made the good choice, and we hope others will do 
likewise before these meetings close. — Andrew Bowser, East 
Berlin, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Manvel church met in council Dec, 20, and elected officers 
for the coming year. Bro. M. H. Peters was reelected as our 
elder. Owing to the bad weather, our series of meetings has not 
been well attended. There wore thirty-one present at our love 
feast on Christmas. It was a day long to be remembered on 
account of the peace, love and good will, beaming forth from 
the face of each one. Bro. Samuel Badger officiated. — ■A. J. 
Hicks, Manvel, Texas, Dec. 26. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

A, cold «..=r 10 » thinly soul, so i, good »««• «™ 


CMco.-Deo 27 four Sunday sc hog. &<&»*»£*£ 
trlct of California, namely Li.e oaK. i . ... > • 
Valley and Chlco cl.urc.ics.. f»»ve»ed « M. £«*• J 
the Sunday-schools were rfl J e ?™^„ h ' 1I)f „i. The Sun- 
token up and discussed prove, o b. « r > "™ 0ur District 
day-school workers were greats ' p ', t ,'"„ d sister Hollin- 
Sunday-scliool Secretary and wife. . Broth.. °"» had an 

gor. of Maeooel m»P"™^ program Dec. 2! the Chioo 
interesting Christian T\ ... I ■■ ■■- 1 ' '-> rf s|stcr jr.. 

church and Sunday-school offices « . ^ ot . B ^ 

Dade was chosen superlntehdent o the SUTUW^ ^j^,. 
IE kSSSV^ pra?er meeting; «,e writer, cor- 
„Jponde„h-Ber(l,a G. Kerr. Chlco. Col., Dec. 30. - 

B Centre church hold ^»«'" "'Xnt'oTnew o,ur-ch 
Some business conccrn.„g_ '■* «° m >f ^ ol °d „, r first services 
building was transactor! ^ ""ff,,,^ 'of dedication will be 
In the new building Jan 1J. . "» ' elected for the 

s£er A..S Strictlcr L, secretary. Jhe writer Is s^perin 
fenaent "f 'he primary department, and f^,^X^"omi 
superintendent of the cradle roll. The Mloss e strictle „ 
sers were elected: Bro. W. M. Piatt, e.ner u 
ofe* Sister Snowborger. M»™«^ ^ ^ % . 
KSSfiS^SSi * Piatt, El 

"SZSZoTJLm <* — **5 Cl< >» T1 ,? e a C t,endancrwls 
were added to the church by baptism. ™' le ^<™^" B lve"- 
good during the meetings. ""/'^f^VtCof souls His 
S,fers"err„s a w!u r ro™>rremember"ed. Our love^ast 

persons for each office were previously nom tout ed by _. com 
rolttee Bro Wine was chosen, elder for the conymg yea". 
S,,.c?Le,tie Bahney was chosen church m sslonary^ Bro J 

P -dcr^^ ! cS^r^k£^^|S 

.lolTvcredTwo inslruetlve and helpful Gospel sermons The fol- 
lowing «nnd,v Fid W. S. IonB. of Altoona, Pa, set forth the 
Go" pel ma forceful and impressive manner, which led souls 
fo 'thinking of the " better life." On Friday evening four dear 
one, wee hurled with Christ in baptism. Our council con- 
vened "the evening of Dec. 23. with Eld. Crst In charge 
Much business was brought before the meeting. All our 
church and Sunday-schoo, officers were reelected for another 
year. Bro. J. H. Man was chosen as Messenger agent Bro_ 
O E McGce was elated superintendendent of the Santa, Fe 
Mission Sunday-school, and Bro. Lester Blocher. superintend- 
ent of the Bnv'le Heights Mission. On Christmas evening our 
hearts were again made to rejoice, when Ave young men re- 
ceived ""'ordinance of Four of the .;*,«, 
Chinese boys from the Berean Chinese Mission. This makes 
nine Chinese accessions at the Mission. Pray for tlii s workl- 
Eva M. Frantz, 3125 North Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 

"patterson.— Bro. C. E. Wolf and wife, of Denalr, Cal.. as- 
sisted us In a series of meetings, which continued three weeks. 
Eight souls came out on the Lord's side and were baptised. 
Dec 21 was our love feast. Fifty-seven surrounded the Lord s 
table. Among the number was a dear sister who has been 
Isolated from the church. This was her first privilege, for 
a long time, to sit at the Lord's table. The members are 
strengthened and we feel that we can go forth, doing more 
and better work for the Master. On the evening of Dec. 25 
our Sunday-school gave an interesting Christmas program, 
which was 'enjoyed by all present.— Etta B. Haynes. Patterson, 

Baisiii City church met in council, with Bro. Eikenberry pre- 
siding Much business was disposed of. Church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected, with Bro. Neptune as superintend- 
ent- Sister Scott, chorister: Sister Hanawnlt, superintendent 
of the primary department. Bro. D. A. Forney was chosen 
president of our christian Workers' Meeting. Twelve letters 
of membership were read. Bio. Brower, of Beedley, was with 
us and gave us two temperance lectures. Wie are starting a 
class in vocal music, to continue for three weeks, and to be 
followed by a series of meetings, conducted by Bio. Jesse 
Overholser. We have an enrollment of twenty-four in our 
training class, with Bro. Cobb as teacher.— Emma Saylor, Rai- 
sin, Cal., Dec. 28. 

South Los Angeles. — On Sunday evening. Dec. 22, our Sun- 
day-school rendered a Christmas program to a crowded house. 
We had our usual Christmas giving of good things for the 
poor A contribution of 519-21 was taken for the Children's 
Home Society. On Christmas evening Bio. C. W. Guthrie 
his special Christmas illustrated lecture. — Mrs. W. H. 
, 2425 Sixth Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 26. 

• latlve audience.-Bettle Boot, 535 Ehrlch Street, Colorado 
C 'Se?C'°hurc 3 h°met in council Dec. 28 with Eld D^B 

ff ~S.;nday- s S, MMT=« SS 

were elected A committee of three was appointed to nominate 
The Sunday-school teachers. We have a body of good world ng 
'.„„,,, nn ,i an evergreen Sunday-school. Wo hope to do 
more and better work for the lord during the coming y car 
than we have done in the past.— Mrs. Cora E. Miller, K. u. i. 
Atwood, Colo., Dec. 30. TnAHO 

Twin rall>.— Dec. 20 our church met in business mMt J"?' 
O.^r elder. Bro. Callo Fabrney. presided. Church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the com tog : year Bro^Fah,- 
„„v was chosen as our elder in charge; Bro. J. S. Flory, bun 
„,y-scnool superintendent; Bro Ear, Fasnach "££££„£ 
the Christian Workers' Meeting: Sister s " sl ' f ^Kj 
chi.rch correspondent, and Bro. H. A. Swab was reelected 
trustee for three years. Our congregation s considering the 
m esllon of placing a slsler missionary in charge of the, work 
" , coming vear, and lias left the matter In the 
S. o?our Missionary Committee and our elder. Pa-were 
„,., 1o fnr j, s<? rif"* of meetings, to be held enrl> next ran. a 
matte Tor a wnw ui i"=o«"6 • „._+ „,„,. m ',- Pn "h^i-p Dec 
vi-rv Bleasinjr Christmas entertainment was given n«e uu, 
'^,n „ Vl -i - nr S10.65 was lifted for the China orphan- 
;« The C av-scnool cabinet met to formulate plans for 
SS'-woS of the year. Sister Naomi Mavauis was reappointed 
InpeTintendUt of the cradle roll, ana Sister Mary Swab aj 
superintendent of the home department. We now haw three 
ormiilBea classes, and hope to have two more in the neai 
Tlius llie work goes on. May the coming year find 
us an more zealous in me cause of Christ-Mary Garber, Box 
263, Kimberly, Idaho, Pec. 26. 

gave hi 


Angeles, Cal., Dec. 26. 

Antioch. — Our congregation met in council Dec. 28. with 
Bro. Wassam presiding. It was decided to use the surplus 
money from the District Meeting fund toward the papering 
and painting of our church building. We decided to have a 
series of meetings in February, and also to secure a minister 
as soon as possible to conduct a series of meetings in a school- 
house, six miles east of the church, where there seems to be 
an opening to do much good. Church officers were elected for 
the following year. Bro, Will ITeaston was chosen secretary 
and treasurer; Sister Ina Boyer, chorister; Bro. A. A. Heaston, 
Messenger agent; the writer, correspondent, and Bro. Andrew 
Detrick as our elder. We also reorganized our Sunday- school, 
with Sister Mary Cohum as superintendent. Sisters Eva Heas- 
ton and Anna Lake, with the superintendent, compose the Sun- 
'- secretary- treasurer. K 

day-school Board. The writer is secretary-treasurer. Bro. 
A. W. Cohun was elected president of the Christian Workers' 
Meeting. — Blanche Cohun, R. D. 2, Yoder, Colo., Jan. I. 

Colorado City church met in council Dec. 26. Bro. Sherfy 
presided. All church officers were elected for the year. Sun- 
day-school and Christian Worker officers were elected for six 
months. Bro. L. H. Root was elected church trustee to fill 
a vacancy. The Building Committee submitted plans for the 
proposed church building, which were considered. The con- 
tract has not yet been let. Those who have given pledges 
that are yet unpaid, will confer a great favor by sending 
same to the General Board, now. We arc desirous to know, 
when we begin- that we will be able to pueth the building to 
complstton. May still other hearts be touched to respond to 
the call for help to, huila e, church in Color^aft C\ty. A Christ, 
m*-. program wae repdejed. on Ch.^stpias n.i$M ^ a^ a4)pre> 

Anderson church met in council Dec. 19. Eld. D. W Bow- 
,m« presided One was received by letter. Three more letters 
wei'e handod in, but the parties were not present They f will 
be received later. Bro. Clarence Hoover was elected super- 
intendent of our Sunday-school for 1913. Our school is doing 
Loot" work There is an Increase of nearly twenty per cent 
S Sm : year.-Ou.rtia Hilbert, 3314 Cols. Avenue, Anderson, 

In Bea^' Sefc—We met in council Dec. 7, with our elder. 
Bro J G Stinebaugh, presiding. He preached at four well- 
attended services, These were followed by a series of meet- 
ing conducted bv Bro. George Deardorff, which began Dec. 
Vnd closed Dec. 22. Bro, Deardorff did not fear to de- 
clare the whole coun-el of God. The members were strength- 
ened and much encouraged. . We trust that the good seed sown 
will bring forth fruit to God"s glory.— Sarah Hahn, R. D. 1, 

P Blissv!nef-We eC have just closed' a three weeks' revival at 
the Center" house. Bro. C. S. Garber, of St. Joseph. Mo.dld 
the preaching. The fine weather we had caused all these meet- 
ings to be largely 'attended. Splendid interest was shown, 
which resulted in much good for this part of God's kingdom. 
Thlrtv-seven- souls were baptized, and two were reclaimed. 
Many others seem to have been brought nearer to the king- 
dom of Christ. Twelve of the number who united with the 
church were fathers and mothers of families. This congrega- 
tion formerly was a part of the Pine Creek congregation It 
was organized as a separate congregation last July. At the 
beginning of the organization we had 119 members and since 
then we have baptized fifty-one persons and reclaimed two. 
A number of letters will be road soon, of members who have 
lately moved into our congregation. "We now have 180 mem- 
bers Recentlv we elected a minister and two deacons, we 
now'have three ministers and seven deacons in our congrega- 
tion.— J. M. Markley, Plymouth. Ind., Dec. 30.- 

BIuhj Biver.— We held our council Dec. 28. Our elder, Bro. 
Walter Swihart, presided. We reorganized our Sunday-school, 
with Bro. Ernest Prick as superintendent, and Sister Neva 
Hire as secretary. Bro. Omer Zumbrun has been elected pres- 
ident of our Christian Workers' Meeting. Missionary and 
Temperance Committees were chosen. We expect to hold 
a short series of meetings in the near future. On Christmas 
Dav Bro. Jesse Gump gave us a refreshing sermon.— W. H. 
Allman, Cliurubusco, Ind.„ Dec. 29. 

Burnetts Creek.— Bro. A. G. Crosswhite, of Flora,, Ind., came 
here Dec 7, to conduct a series of meetings for us. He 
preached one week. Three Sunday-school scholars accepted 
Christ There was. an excellent interest, but Bro. Crosswhite 
was taken sick and was obliged to go home. Our elder, Bro. 
G. B. Heeter, continued the meetings another week. Bro. Roy 
Dilllng came Dec, 20 and conducted a singing class until Dec. 
30. — Bessie Mertz, Burnetts Creek, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Dec. 28. Our elder, 
Bro Frank Kreider, presided. Five letters were read and one 
was granted. Brethren Cyrus Frame, Frank Kreider. and the 
writer were appointed as a committee to procure an evangelist, 
to conduct our series of meetings in 1313.— William Brubaker, 
Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Flora church met in special council Dec. 28, with Eld. 
Gilbert Stineba.ugh presiding. The Financial Committee; 
which was appointed at our last meeting, was ready to report. 
It was decided to raise the money for 1913 the same as we 
did in 1912, by the taxation plan. All Sunday-school teachers 
were elected Dec. 29. We have an interesting Sunday-school, 
with good attendance. There are five other Sunday-schools in 
our town at the same hour. We have the largest attendance. 
Our attendance has reached 182 without any special effort. — 
(Mrs.) Mat-tie Welty, Flora, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Sewanna. — Our series of meetings, conducted' by Bro. John 
Appleman, came to a close Dec. 30. He preached seventeen 
sermons in all. Sinners were' warned and the members were 
encouraged and built up. One young man was made willing 
to forsake sin, and is awaiting baptism. We greatly enjoyed 
the meetings and feel that many good impressions have been 
made. Bro. Appleman preached the Word with power, in a 
convincing manner. — W. Wilfert, Delong, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Middle Tort church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. Jere- 
miah Barnhart, of Pyrmont, presiding. We held an election 
for an elder, and Bro. David Metzler, of Nappanee, Ind.. was 
chosen for one year. Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. Jerry Holsinger as superintendent. Bro. Samuel Skiles 
was chosen president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. A 
new Ministerial Committee was elected to make appointments 
and to see that they are filled 1 . Two new members were elect- 
ed on the Finance Committee, and one as receiver of funds. 
Various reports were given. — Florence G. Replogle, Rossville, 
Ind.. Dec. 30. 

meetings held by Bro. Wright at this place. Our revival .at 
the home church will begin "Jan. 11, with Bro. T. D- »««or- 
baughTf Silver bake, in charge— David Dilling, Monticello, 

In m. D ptea B ant.-Bro. M. Flory came to us Dec. 8^ and began 
a series of meetings, which continued until Dec. 22. i« 
prelched seventeen splendid sermons. The at en dance and 
interest were good. While there were no additions to the 
church, we feel that some were under conviction. ™ m J^' 
bers have been strengthened and inspired with a deeper zeal. 
— Dera Miller, New Ross, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Osceola.-B.-o. C. Metzler, of Wakarusa «*^«* *J£ 
rles of meetings Dec. 8. He preached nineteen instructive 
sermons The meetings closed Dec. 23. Nine were baptized, 
one ^" retimed, and one awaits baptism, Six of "them g. 
Sunday-school scholars. Much good was done.— David Motts, 
^niS.-Ou'r^Turch'met In council Dec. 14. Our elder Bro. 
J F. Appleman, presided. Bro. John Webster was elected su- 
nerintendent of our Sunday-school. Sister Dora Hendricks 
LTcher-ftalning class of twelve members had their graduating 
efercIsesDec 29 at the church. They named the class "The 
T)iintlc« Twelve" Bro. Clyde Horst, of South Bend, Ind., 
uduuLiL- . ..,.' ,„„„ , n(1 audience which plcnsed every one. 

STwa, a X<< £at C S,S to'eome « the sWscl.ool Cc,„- 
"ntT" It Plymouth In February, to deliver an address there 
Bro. Horst's sermon was highly commended.— Ida B. Beller. 

P1 S; t 'oente;.-Our 2 serles of meetings, held by Bro George 
Ifehler, closed on Christmas night As an mmecl.ate .result 
of his efforts, six were baptized. The church feels strength- 
ened and cneouraged.-Minerva Eisenhour, Nappanee, Ind., 

Dec ' 3 °- ILLINOIS. 

Hickory Srove.— Brethren H. P. Garner and D. B. Beard, of 
Bethany Bible School, came to us Dec. 15 and remamed un- 
til the evening of Bee. 29. We met each day from 9 30 to 
11-80 AM for Bible study. In the evening Bro. Garner 
preached the Word, while Bro. Beard conducted the song serv- 
L T he brethren proved themselves able for the wont, ine 
truths of the word of God were presented plainly and forcibly 
Sod interest was manifested at all the meetings, and many 
remarked that the meeilngs closed too soon. We bel.eve many 
MtTng impressions were made. We realize that we have bad 
a seafon of refreshing from the Lord. One young woman 
unfS with the church in the rite of baptism. Others were 
Krm.e-ht nearer the kingdom. These services were well at- 
Sfd The Christian Workers are aiming to do hotter work 
he coming year. The Interest shown in our Sunday-school Is 
encouraging.— Dora Gerdes. Mount Carroll, 111., Dec. 31. 

Mnar! church met in council Friday afternoon. A number 
of officers were elected for the coming year Bro. P. F-J«»- . 
erle was reelected Sunday-school superintendent, and Bio. D 
D stTSel was reelected church clerk. Our Sunday-school has 
£e» growing.' The average attendance for the past ouarter 
was 216. Our recent revival meet.ngs, conducted by Eld. H. I,. 
Sarly, were an inspiration to all. Five were baptized.— Boyd 
Zuck. Lanark, 111., Jan. 3. „ 

Panther Creek church met in council Dec. 21, with Mo. b. 
W. Garber presiding. Bro. .1. W. Swltzer was 'ohosen as our 
elder in charge for 1913: Bro. Joel Tordy. cle.k Bro A Ivin 

Monticello, — Dec. 7 Bro. J. H. Wright, of North Manchester, 
Ind., came to the Guernsey church, one of our regular preach- 
ing points, to assist us In a series Of meetings. The meetings 
began Dec. 8, and Bro. "Wright preached' nineteen Inspiring 
sermons. The interest began with the meetings and con- 
tinued to grow until the entire neighborhood became Intense- 
ly interested. Dec. 22 one precious soul came out on the 
Lord's side. We Intended to close the meetings that night, but 
as two more souls came, out, and the house was crowded with 
anxious listeners, the Spirit constrained us to continue the 
meetings until Dec. 2^ when four more gave their hearts to 
the Lord, There were three husbands and their wives and one 
great-grandmother, almost sixty-nine years old, who were 
burled with Christ in baptism, on Christmas Day. Thus we 
closed a glorious revival. The Lord be praised for giving us 
bright nights and good roads,. TW6 was m,e thArd. series o% 

Polo church met in council Dec. 2C with Eld, John .Jtofr 
rmn nresiding New church and Sunday-school officers weie 
Sed. Officlrs for Christian Workers- Meeting »™ ^ 
for one year Bro. John Heekman was elected as our clde. 
and pastrfor another year Bro John Danrpin was elected 
superintendent of our Sunday-school. Dec. 1 Bro. O. P. 
Haines, of Bockford. 111., began a of meetings for us 
which was very interesting and Instructive to all. We feel 
great V oenelit.d bv these meetings. Three dear souls were 
revived into the fold by baptism.-Martha S. Gilbert. Box 669, 

^■iiam.'-Our church mot in council Dec. 7. Our elder, Bro. 
J H Brubaker, presided. Four members were received by 
letter. Wo reorganized our Sundey-school for the comma : yea- 
rn order to be ready for work when our house In Virta ite 
completed. The organization is as follows: Bro. CbasJJ.bbel 
superintendent; Bro. Kussell Filbrun secretary. Sister Elma 
Brubaker. superintendent of the primary department The 
work of building our church is prospering nicely, and it .s 
hoped that It will be ready for use .n the spring.— Alice M. 
Gibbet, Girard, 111., Dec. 80. _, - D , 

Yellow Creek.— We had our Christmas program on Christ- 
mas Eve, with a good attendance. The children did their part 
well On Christinas morning Bro. Chas, Delp of Cherry 
Grove 111 , preached for us. His subject was The Birth of 
Christ." We certainly appreciated his being with us over 
Christmas. The following Thursday the Sisters Aid Society 
met with Sister Mary Butts, to finish some clothing which 
had been left over from a previous meeting Surely, some 
poor people will he glad to get a barrel of clothing.- In my 
other report I forgot to mention that on Thanksgiving Das 
we took an offering of S4.S5, which we gave to ajiooi -sfelfer 
and her five children, to buy a ton of coal.— Pearl Studebaker, 
Box US, Pearl City, HI.. Dec. 30. 
South Keokuk church met for services at 10 A. M. on Christ- 
mas Day Eld. G. W. Bentz preached a very appropriate ser- 
mon It was the "old, old story" along a new line. Our 
offering of S6.10 was given to Bethany Bible School. On Sun- 
day evening preceding Christmas, our children rendered, a 
Christmas program to a well-filled, house.— D. F. Shelly. Ollie, 
Iowa. Dec. 30. p 

Tale.— On the last Sunday -evoning during our seues of 
meetings, conducted by pro. Brubaker. we decided to elect 
new officers for Christian Workers' Meeting for the next six 
months. Sister Carrie Erb was chosen president, and Sister 
Hazel Clouse, secretary. The work at this place seems to be 
retaining its usual Interest, both at the preaching services and 
at the Christian Workers' Meeting. We met In council arid 
decided to have preaching services every two weeks 111 the 
afternoon," here in Yale. Much important business came before 
the meeting, which will be reported by the church correspond- 
ent for the Panora house. The writer was reelected church 
correspondent for. one year at this place— Allle Dookingbill. 
Yale, Iowa, Dec. 30. ' 

Belleville church met in council Dec. 5. Eld. C. S. Steward 
presided. Two letters were received. Sunday-school and 
Christian Worker officers were elected. Bro. Warren Gist, was 
chosen superintendent of the Sunday-school for the coming 
year. Sister Nancy Gish was elected president of the Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting for the next six months.— (Mrs.) Susie 
R. Williams, Bydal, Kans.. Dec. 29. 

fiurr Oak Our church met in council Dec. 28. with Bro. 

George presiding. All church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro. L. H. Burkholder was re- 
elected superintendent of our Sunday-school, and Bro. Melvin 
Davlsson was elected president of our Christian Workers 
Meeting. Bro. Gilbert George was appointed Messenger agent. 
—Emma Modlin, Burr Oak. Kans., Dec. 30. 

Monitor. — Our church met in council Dec. 28. Eld. J. J. 
Yoder presided, in the absence of our elder. Not much busi- 
ness came before the meeting, except the election of officers 
for the present year, as follows: Bro. M. J. Mlshler, elder; 
Bro J. B. Stutsman, secretary-treasurer; Bro. W. H. Yoder, 
temperance secretary; Bro. W. H, KleplniM, Suno.ay-sot.ool 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 11, 1913. 


superintendent; Bro. Crawford Brubaker, Secretary; Br'o. C. H. 
Dresner, president of our Christian Workers' Band; Almo 
Deshler, president of our Junior Christian Workers' Band'. — 
Emma T. Stutzman, Conway, Kans., Dee. 31. 

Boob Creek.— Our Sunday-school gave aTIhrlstmas program 
Dec. 22, which, was enjoyed by a large audience. Last Sunday 
we were favored with a One sermon on '* The Seven Graces," 
by Bro. Chas. M. Yearout, oi' Morrill, Kans. On Sunday even- 
ing Bro. Smith chose as his text, Joel 2: 1, from which he de- 
livered an inspiring sermon. We have the promise of Bro. 
Georgs Mishler, of Cambridge, Nebr., to conduct a series of 
■ meetings for us, to begin May 4, 1913. Our attendance at 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meetings, this winter, 
has been very good, for which we are truly thankful. — Mrs. 
Prank Hoover, Sabetha, Kans., Dec. 30. 

Salem. — By appointment of the elders of the Southwestern 
District of Kansas, Elders E. E. Jofiin, J. J. Bowser and myself 
met with. the Salem church Dec. 20 and 21. We decided! ad- 
vised ana suggested certain things that would be helpful to 
the prosperity of the church, and the members unanimously 
accepted c-ur decision. Eld. J. Edwin Jones, of Lamed, Kans.. 
was chosen as their elder and, with the intelligent membership 
- --6f that body, we shall expect the good work to go on. I was 
agreeably surprised at the seemingly available good material 
in the Salem church. Some excellent work has been done 
there, and doubtless the future will be promising. — C. D. Hyl- 
ton, Bloom, Kans., Dec. 1. 

Topeka,— We met in council Dec. 2S. Our elder, Bro. I. H. 
Crist, presided. The following officers were elected 1 for 1913: 
Bro. Harley Taylor, Sunday-school superintendent, with Sister 
Eva Syrames, secretary; Bro. I. H. Crist, elder; Sister Lena 
Overstreet, president of the Christian Workers' Meeting for 
six months. Since our last report, three letters of membership 
have been received? and one member was reclaimed. Bro. 
E. B. John gave us two interesting talks recently. On Sun- 
day evening lie spoke to us in behalf of the Child Rescue 
Work. A collection was lifted to aid in this good work. — Min- 
nie Mariner, 135 Kellam Avenue, Oakland, Kans., Dec. 30. 

Verdigris. — We met in council Dec. 26 at the country house. 
One letter of membership was granted. It was decided to 
have a series of meetings at the Madison' house in May. It 
was also decided to have a singing class at the country house 
in January. We held our usual election for church and Sun- 
day-school officers. Bro. S. E. J_,antz was reelected as our elder 
in charge; Bro. G. E", Shirky, Sunday-school superintendent. — 
C. A. Quakenbush, Olpe, Kans., Dec. 30. 


Mlddletown Valley congregation met in council Jan. 1. Eld. 
G. S. Harp presided. Bro. D. K. Clapper, of Meyersdale, Pa,, 
will commence a series of. meetings for us sometime in May. 
Bro. Curtis G-o ulcer was elected superintendent of our Sunday- 
school. We decided to hold our love feast May 17, at 2 P. M. 
Bro. Irving R. Stotelmyer was installed into the ministry, 
having been elected two years ago. — C. N. Frushour, Myers- 
vllle, Md., Jan. 1. 


Notice. — The Minutes of our late District Meeting have been 
mailed to each church in the District, on the basis of the 
number of families reported -in last year's Minutes. I included 
two extra- copies to each church. Turn to page 19 and, near 
the 'bottom of the page, read'-" Missionary Meeting,' Instead of 
" Ministerial Meeting." — Ira G. Blocher, Writing Clerk, Pres- 
ent t, Mich., Jan. 2. 

Saginaw. — The State Sunday-school and Bible Institute for 
the District of Michigan was held in the Saginaw church from 
Dec. 22 to Dec. 29, with Bro. W. W. Slabaugh, of Bethany Bible 
School, as instructor. Two sessions of two hours each were 
held each day. At the morning session the study of the Book 
of James and Sunday-school work for the year 1913 were 
taken up. One hour each morning was devoted to the subject 
of " Prayer," and the last hour to the Book of Romans. Bro. 
Slabaugh, also, two very Interesting talks on "Rescue 
Mission Work." It is astonishing to learn the far-reaching 
importance of some of the statistics given by Chicago au- 
thorities. Little do we, who live in the country, know of the 
sins of our large cities. We realize that the week's work has 
heen a great help to us, and that the end came only too soon. 
The members of the committee, Sister'Long, of ClarksviHe, 
and Sister Patterson, of Beaverton, were present. We appre- 
ciate the help of all who were present. Although the attend- 
ance from the various churches of the District was small, we 
know that each one present was impressed with his or her 
duty to press onward In the good work. May each of us 
breathe a prayer in behalf of Bro. Slabaugh and his work, 
as well as the church work in Michigan. Our council was 
held Dec. 14. Church officers were elected for the coming year. 
Bro. Levi Baker was reelected superintendent of the Sunday- 
school, and Sister Ruth Neff was elected president of the 
Christian Workers' Meeting. One letter was granted.- — Bertha 
M. Albaugh, Bannister, Mich., Dec. 30. 

Zion church met December 28, in regular council, with 
our elder, Bro. J. P. Bompian, presiding. The report of the 
Building Committee was given. Bro. L. R. Myers was elected 
superintendent of our Sunday-school, and Sister Laura Blocher 
was elected president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. We 
decided to have preaching again in the evening, after Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. The people who are not" members of 
our church insisted upon our having evening preaching. We 
are having fine weather, — no snow to speak of. We are look- 
ing for Bro. A. W. Martendale, of Enders, Nebr., to be here 
almost any day with his carload of goods. Other brethren 
who are' looking for good homes, will find plenty of room 
here yet. All letters of inquiry, containing addressed envelope, 
will be answered: — W. P. Mason, Prescott, Mich., Dec. 31. 


Cabool church met in council Dec. 28, with our elder, Bro. 
C. W. Gitt, presiding. Bro. A. G. Green was advanced to the 
second degree of the ministry. The following church officers 
were elected: Sister Florence Oxiey, clerk; Sister Pearl 
Harris, Messenger agent; Bro. Chas. Bogart, treasurer; Bro. 
Roy Parrot, correspondent for the Greenwood house; the 
writer, correspondent for the Cabool house, A letter was 
granted to Sister Ruth Wade, formerly Sister Deboard, who 
will soon go to the Wichita church. We are sorry to lose such 
a faithful church worker, and wish her success in her new 
home. After having finished his series of meetings at the 
Greenwood house, Bro. C. P. Rowland preached five sermons 
at the Cabool church. These sermons were instructive and 
Inspiring. — Hazel Bogart, R. D. 2, Box 100, Cabool, Mo., Dec. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 21, at 2 P. M. Eld. 
A. Killingsworth presided. Sisters Laura Wolfe and Anna 
KUllngsworth and the writer were elected as a local Mission- 
ary Committee. Bro. P. H. Killingsworth was elected treas- 
urer, and the writer was chosen correspondent. All other offl- 
/ cers were reelected. — Leota Killingsworth, Collins, Mo., Dee. 
/ 30. 

Peace Valley — On Christmas Day Bro. John Deloplain 
preached a good Christmas sermon. Dec. 28 we had a spiritual 
love feast. Twenty-one members surrounded the Lord's ta- 
bles. Bro. Adkins, of Nevada, Mo., and Bro. Ernest Cline, 
°f Cabool, Mo., were with us; also Mr. Howard Oxiey, of Ca- 
bool. Dec. 29 we enjoyed an interesting Sunday-school Con- 
vention. We had a rainy day, yet the attendance was quite 
fair. We had a good Christian Workers' Meeting in the even- 
ing, and an earnest sermon by Bro. P. L. Pike. — Annie Dledl- 
ker, Peace Valley. Mo., Dec. 31. 

Bocbiagham, — Nov. 4 Sister Zuma Heestand, of Wooster, 
Ohio, began a singing class at this place. She gave seventeen 
lessons. We can certainly recommend her as a fine instructor. 
Our Bible Institute, which began Saturday evening, Dec. 21, 

with Bro. R. H. Nicodemus as instructor, closed Dec 29. The 
subjects discussed were: " Studies in the Epistle to the He- 
brews," "Prophecy," "Studies in Jonah. Amos and Mlcah," 
"Epistles," "Studies In Jude. Philipplans and Colosslans." 
He also gave a lecture eacn evening after the Hebrew stud v. 
Owing to the ideal weather, the attendance was large and the 
interest good during both the singing term and Bible Insti- 
tute. — Effle Early, Norborne, Mo., Dec. SO. 

Shoarcreek. — We met at the church on Christmas Day. A 
good program was rendered by the children, after which 
Brethren J. H. Argahrlght and E. J. Reece gave us some inter- 
esting talks.— Virgie Argahrlght. Falrview. Mo., Dec. 2S. 

Wakenda,— On the night of Dec. 20 Sister Zuma Heestand, 
of Wooster. Ohio, closed a very successful term and a half 
of instruction In vocal music The attendance and Interest 
were good at all the meetings. We trust that her efforts 
have been a great benefit to the community. Quite a number 
of our members attended the Bible Institute at the Rocking- 
ham church during the Holidays. — Grace Bowman, R. D 1 
Hardin, Mo., Dec 30. 


Beatrice. — Sunday evening, Dec. 22, was the last one of a 
series of helpful and instructive sermons, delivered by Bro 
B. B. Kesler, of River Bend, Colo., in this church. The meet- 
ings were a success; the attendance was good, and the at- 
tention excellent. On Sunday evening, preceding the sermon, 
the Christian Workers gave an interesting Christmas program, 
and on Wednesday evening, Dec. 25, Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe gave 
us a rousing missionary sermon. — Allle Eisenbise, Beatrice, 
Nebr., Dec. 31. s < 

Silver Luke church has experienced a very spiritual series 
of meetings, conducted by Eld. S. G. Nickey, of Moorefleld, 
Nebr., beginning Dec. 8 and closing Dec 22. Two were%ap- 
tized, and. others were deeply Impressed. Bro. Nickey gave 
us powerful and spiritual sermons, — Belle Grabill, Roseland, 
Nebr., Dec. 31. 


lake Arthur church met in council on Saturday evening, 
Dec 29. Eld. a H. Brown presided. He also preached on 
Friday and Saturday evenings. Pour letters were received. 
Two of these are for ministers. Their help will be greatly 
appreciated at this, place. Three letters are to be read later. 
We decided to have a love feast this spring. No date has 
been set. We expect to meet the first Sunday In January to 
organize a Sunday-school, and arrange for prenchlng services. 
Bro. Clyde E. Nihart, of Lake Arthur, New Mexico, was in- 
stalled into the ministry. — Anna Nihart, Lake Arthur, New 
Mex.. Dec 29. 


Bailey. — As District Sunday-school Secretary, I herewith 
give a report of the work done at Bailey, with Eld. H. H. 
Masters assisting: Nov. 30 we began meetings, which contin- 
ued nine days, with seven accessions to the church. We* held 
a Sunday-school Meeting with good interest. A good program 
■was rendered. The congregation is building a new house of 
worship, and more means are needed'.— Jos. H. Griffith, District 
Secretary, Brummett, N. C, Dec 29. 

Berthoia church met in council Dec. 27. Eld. D. F. Landls 
presided-. Both church and Sunday-school officers were elect- 
ed. Bro. Norman Stong was chosen superintendent. As Eld. 

D. P. Landis' time had expired, Bro. S. S. Petry was chosen as 
our elder for one year. Five letters of membership were 
granted. A Missionary Committee and a Temperance Com- 
mittee were also elected. We had a pleasant meeting. — Etta 

E. Petry, R. D. 1, Berthold, N. Dale, Dec. 28. 
Brumbaugh, church met in council Dec 28. Financial re- 
ports for the year were made and accepted. Our Sunday- 
school was reorganized, witli the writer and Bro. J. 13. Dear- 
dorff as superintendents of the main school, and Bro. M. L. 
Huffman as superintendent of the home department. Bro. 
Esau Belt was chosen secretary. Services were held here on 
Christmas Day, which consisted of a Christmas sermon, and 
a program given by the children. The Thanksgiving offering 
of $25.25 was equally divided between home and foreign mis- 
sions. — Mary Deal, Brumbaugh, N. Dak., Dec 29. 

Cando. — We met in council at the Zion house Dec. 14. Eld. 
J. D. Kesler presided. Ten letters of membership were 
granted, and two were received. Church officers were elected 
for another year, with Bro. J. D. Kesler as our elder in charge; 
"Bro. S. W. Burkhart, clerk; Bro. J. J. Gensinger, treasurer; Bro. 
J. Stong, trustee for three years; Sister Ella Stong, correspond- 
ent for the Cando house, and Sister Zora Smeltzer for the 
Zion house; Bro. Marvin Kensinger, Messenger agent. Eld. 
A. M. Sharp, of Egeland, N. Dak., assisted in advancing Breth- 
ren Gerrett Koolhof and Marvin Kensinger to the second de- 
gree of the ministry. — Eva E. Smeltzer, Cando, N. Dak,, Dec. 

Egeland. — Bro. W. W. Keltner has just closed a series of 
meetings In our church, with four additions by baptism. He 
is a most earnest worker, and endears .himself to the people. 
— Albert Sharp, Egeland, N. Dak., Dec 31. 

Kock Lake. — A minister is greatly needed in this congrega- 
tion. The writer has the oversight of this congregation, but 
not being a resident elder, he can not do what ought to be 
done. The members here have a apod churchhouse. It is lo- 
cated about seven miles east of the*town of Rock Lake. They 
have about forty-five members. Most of them are from Iowa, 
though several are from Virginia Let us hear from you if 
you are not needed where you are. If you are not an elder, 
let us jjear from you at any rate, at once. — Albert Sharp, 
Egeland, N. Dak., Dec. 31. 

Surrey church met in council Dec 28, with Bro. J. E, Jo- 
seph, presiding. We elected our officers for 1913. Bro. Leonard 
Hilton was chosen as superintendent of the Sunday-school, 
with Sister Vestal Lambert as secretary. A full corps of 
church officers was also elected. Bro. A. R. Reiff was chosen 
clerk; Sister Vestal Lambert, Messenger agent; the writer, 
corresponding secretary, and Bro. D. T. Dierdorff will be our 
presiding elder for another year. Dec. 22, at the close of the 
Sunday-school, we gave u treat to the scholars, and Bro. 
Shorb followed with a Christmas sermon. Our Bible Normal, 
to be conducted by Bro. Win, Lichty, of Waterloo, Iowa, will 
convene Jan. 5. — Manerva Lambert, Surrey, N. Dak., Dec. 31. 


Black Swamp. — We met in council Dec 28. In the absence 
of our elder, Bro. Uriah Garner officiated. Considerable busi- 
ness was disposed of satisfactorily. We reorganized our Sun- 
day-school for the coming year. The writer was elected su- 
perintendent. — Edith Baker, Lemoyne, Ohio, Dec 30. 

Ft. McKlnley. — Last Sunday evening Bro. J. L. Helman 
closed a series of meetings here, with threer^precious souls 
being added to the church. We have all been strengthened by 
Bro. Helman's earnest efforts, and the many rich thoughts he 
gave us. On Tuesday evening, Dec. 24, our church met in 
council with Brethren B. F. Honeyman and J. W. Beeghly, 
from adjoining congregations present. They gave us some 
timely remarks. Two letters were received. Officers for the 
coming year were chosen as follows: Bro. A. D. Kleplnger, as 
our elder (for two years); Bro, G. F. Mumma, trustee, treas- 
urer and clerk; Bro. Melvln Mumma, Messenger agent; the 
writer, church correspondent. Bro. Roger Smith was chosen 
Sunday-school superintendent for the coming year. — Jesse F. 
Coy, 320 West Third Street, Dayton, Ohio, Dec 28. 

May Hill church has just experienced another protracted ef- 
fort, the first in two years. Recently Bro. N. V Beery, of 
.Brookville, Ohio, was with us one night. Later, Bro. J. W. Fid- 
ler, of Brookville, preached one sermon for ub. One was re- 
claimed Nov. 17. Bro. Van B. Wright commenced a scries of 
meetings here Dec. 18. He preached fourteen sermons. The 

meetings closed with an Interested congregation. We are 
glad for these meetings, and feel to thank the Lord for the 
blessings received. We are few in number, but are striving 
to labor for the Master.— Tlrzah Eilenberger, Seaman, Ohio, 
Dec, 30. 

Newton.— Today we had our promotion exercises from the 
cradle roll to the Intermediate grades, Bro, Chas Flory then 
gave us a talk on " Promotion." He also preached for ua in 
the forenoon about " Filling Our Mission In Life." The church 
was llllod with people. On Sunday evening a Christian Work- 
ers Meeting was held, celebrating Christmas. Bro. Isaac 
Beery, who Is visiting friends here, gave us a talk afterwards. 
Two letters have been granted since our Inst report. — Mary 
West, Pleasant Hill. Ohio. Dec. 29. 

Pleasant Valley— Bro. F. J. Wetmer gave us a very inter- 
esting Christmas sormon Dec 22. We had no meeting on 
Christmas, on account of the Teachers' Institute at Green- 
ville. We will elect our teachers next Sunday for the coming 
year.— Bonnie Patterson, R. D. 1, Rossburg. Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Sidney.— Our pastor and wife are laboring earnestly for the 
upbuilding of this church. On Thanksgiving evening we had 
a sermon befitting the occasion. Many gifts were given and 
appreciated. Some Catholic friends who were present said 
they never saw anything like it. Dec 2 Bro. J. Fldler, of 
Brookville. Ohio, came to assist us In a series of meetings, 
which closed Dec, 22, with a crowded house and splendid ln- 
ti-rest. He preached twenty-four sermons. The truth was pre- 
sented plnlnly and forcibly, and we praise the Lord for his 
coming among ua Nine were received by baptism, and one 
was reclaimed. Our Sunday-school Is growing. The attend- 
ance, Dec. 22, was IBS. The little folks rendered a very In- 
teresting Christmas program. Their little Jaees beamed with 

brightness as they gave their messages of Christmas time 

Mrs. J. M. Brennoman. 343 Park Street, Sidney Ohio, Dec. 27 

Toledo Mission.— Dec, 28 Bro. Geo. Throne, of Pioneer, Ohio 
came to visit his wife, who has undergone an operation at the 
Toledo Hospital. He preached a much appreciated sermon for 
ns on Sunday, Our Sunday-school Is well attended', and much 
Interest is being manifested at our weekly cottage prayer 
meetings. But wo feel the need, more than ever, of a resident 
minister, and also a churchhouse. We would be glad if min- 
isters, passing through here, would visit us often, for we need 
their help and encouragement. On Christmas Day tho children 
entertained a large crowd with an interesting program, con- 
sisting of songs and recitations.— Fay Kaser, 638 Leonard 
Street, Toledo, Ohio, Jan, 1. 

Trotwood church met In council Wednesday evening Dec 

18, with Bro. D. M. Carver presiding. Seven letters were re- 

(Concluded on Page 32.) 


" Write what thou west, i 

(Concluded from Page 21.) 
adena a handkerchief shower. They also sent paper nap- 
kins to Sister Martha Shiek, to use with her "dinner to the 
poor" at Thanksgiving time. 

The teacher of one of the boys' classes in the interme- 
diate department told of some of the financial trials of a 
worthy family in our midst, the father being an invalid. 
The hoys in this teacher's class decided to carry a Christ- 
mas dinner to these needy ones. Another boys' class in 
the same department sent a liberal donation to the Chi- 
cago Sunday-school Extension work. The "Victor" class 
(intermediate girls) sent $10.50 to Chinese Orphanage 
work. One of the young people's classes sent $16 to the 
Sheridan Home, in Colorado, and another bravely started 
a fund for our new churchhouse with $15. The "Loyal 
Soldiers" class (ySung married people) remembered two 
worthy needy families in our midst. The "Live Wire 
Cfass" (middle-aged people) helped two needy families; 
also a worthy young brother in college. The older sis- 
ters sent $20 to the Chinese Orphanage, while the older 
brethren arc helping a worthy young sister in college, 

Lordsbnrg, Cal. Grace Hileman Miller. 


We are now in the midst of the thirty-third session of 
Hridgewater College, — thus soon to round out the first one- 
third century of our history. It would be interesting to 
speak of of the work during this time, its growth, its hin- 
drances, its successes, its mistakes, its prospects, its hopes, 
its sacrifices, its discouragements, its triumphs. And this 
would not be so difficult, either, as we have been directly 
connected with the work for more than twenty of these 
years. It is not our present purpose, however, to speak 
of any of these things. 

The present session marks progress in our work in sev- 
eral ways. The dormitories have never been so well 
filled as they arc now. There are more students in the 
College Department, also, than ever before. Nine young 
men and women are college seniors and expect to graduate 
with the B. A. degree in June. The advancement of the 
students who come to us has greatly improved in recent 
years. This is especially marked this session. We are 
looking forward to the time when we can eliminate the 
first two years of the high school course, and devote our 
time to the junior and senior years of the high school and 
the college work. 

There is also greater interest in the Bible work than we 
have been having. So far, thirteen young ministers have 
heen enrolled. Fortunately, most of these have plans to 
take the college course, as well as a good deal of Bible 
work. The volunteer mission band numbers about twenty. 
They have given a number of programs among the sur- 
rounding churches, and have other invitations that tliev 
have not yet been able to accept. 

Our special Bible Institute will begin Jan. 20, and is to 
continue to the 31st. Elders D. L. Miller, Galen B. Rbyer. 
I, S. Long and S. M. McCann will have the regular work 
in charge. Bro. Miller will give a series of lectures on 




our early church history. Bro. Royer will discuss Sunday- 
school work and the Holy Spirit, and will conduct evange- 
listic services each evening. Bro. Long will give ad- 
dresses on missionary and educational work. Prof. Mc- 
Cann will interpret the early chapters of Genesis, with a 
view of being directly helpful to Sunday-school workers 
next year. 

Besides this regular work, three days have been se 
apart for special treatment of missionary, Sunday-school 
and educational work, respectively. Workers in these va- 
rious fields have been secured to treat topics of vital in- 
terest to the church. , 

A feast of good things has been prepared. It is hoped 
that many will avail themselves of this opportunity to in- 
crease their efficiency as workers for the Lord. Sunday- 
school workers will find the Institute rich in helpfulness 
to them. Five periods a day will be given to the regular 
work There is no charge for tuition. Room and board 
will be furnished to a limited number at the low rate of 
fifty cents a day, or three dollars a week. Single meals, 
fifteen cents. All are invited. Don't forget your Bibles 
and notebooks. The Lord will bless your efforts to learn 

two boys who were in homes on trial. One boy, nine 
years old, has been placed with a family and has proved 
himself satisfactory. A five-inonths-old baby girl has 
been placed with a family for adoption. A fivc-months- 
old baby boy is to be placed into a home for adoption if 
he proves to be a healthy baby. A doctor who is a baby 
specialist is taking him through a course of examination. 
I; is our purpose to move carefully and place children that 
are sound physically and mentally. There is a good boy ^ ^ ^ uIitu March Mxti 5n6 wouKl nave celebrated 

„l,l „;,!, the undersigned for whom we have thelr eoMl , n annlvsirsary. At the use of thirteen bMmi 

converted, and lived a noble Christian life- She was always 

more of him and his work. 
Bridgewater, ya., Dec. 27. 

Jno. S. Flory. 


Christmas Day was one to be remembered in Ottumwa. 
While we had excellent weather, and could see the bless- 
ings of a kind and Heavenly Father, we were made to re- 
joice to see noble hearts of love and sympathy, who were 
willing to reach out to those less fortunate than them- 

There were poor members, and many others,— not mem- 
bers—who were also poor. Some were sick and others 
afflicted, who had no Christmas joy, no money, nor scarce- 
ly anything to eat. 

There were others of our dear Brethren who forgot that 
they were poor, and gave liberally to those who had not. 
One good brother, not rich in this world's goods but in the 
love of Christ and his brethren, gave several baskets him- 
self, and after work, at night, delivered them. May the 
good Lord bless him and his good wife, who helped him. 
Others gave of their time and money and also helped to 
deliver. Some of our good brethren and sisters sent 
money, with which to buy presents for the poor children, 
and some sent funds, that we might buy something for 
them to cat. So joy filled many homes. Some cried; 
others said, "The Lord has sent us something to eat." 
Brethren and sisters, you know what kind of a feeling 
comes up in one's breast at the sight of all these Christ- 
mas joys. 

At 2 o'clock a nice crowd had gathered at the church, 
where a program of Christmas songs, recitations and 
prayers was rendered by the Sunday-school. This service 
all seemed to enjoy. At the close of the program the chfP' 
dren were given candy and nuts as a reward for their 
faithfulness in attending the Sunday-school. May the 
Lord abundantly bless the work here!- S. L. Cover. 

118 S. Moore Street, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

h ,„ w(1 , vlt h Dlenty. Services at the Panther Creek church 
»^B»»oke,' ' Woodford Co.. 111., by ^e writer assisted by 
Eld. J. H. Neher. of Hudson, 111 and Rev K A. G.lllland. 
pastor of the. Christian church, Normal, III. Text 2 Tim 
4- G-S IntormenUIn the near by cemetery-, by the side of her 
husband.— J. W. Swltzer, Roanoke, 111. 

Buck, Sister £11*11, nee Beck, born April 1 1834 at Warriors 
Mark Pa., died at North Manchester, Ind., Dec. 18,. 1912. aged 
78 years, 8 months and 18 days. She Is survived by her hus- 
band and seven daughters. She was one of a family of eleven 
children, all of whom preceded her, except one sister. In 
nited in marriage to Bro. Henry Buck.' 

eight years old with the undersigned for whom we 
been trying to locate a home. 

The directors of the society are well pleased to see how 
our homes are opening for the unfortunate ones, but are 
there not others that feel the call to give a home to some 
child or children, ten years old or younger? Write us 
and state your preference as to sex and age, and we will 
try to perform our part. 

' There were a great number of pledges given at the 
above-named meeting, which are to be paid to maintain 
our work. A few have paid their pledges, but nearly 
all of them are unpaid. The treasurer is in position to re- 

' rwjp remittances on all the pledges, and to receipt each 
cewe remittances on an loc h s . „ n .,iA Brethren church oy me irui«, 

one upon payment. Lest you forget your pledge, couio 0rl(Clu j ogden, Unlonvllle. Iowa 
remit today? D. Warren Shock, 

Sec. and Treas. Child Rescue Society. 
1210 Twenty-fifth Avenue, Minneapolis, Minn. 

ready to lend assistance in time of sickness, and willing to 
make any sacrince to bring happiness into the lives of those 
about her During her sickness she requested the anointing 
and patiently waited for the Lord to call her home; She had 
the pleasure of seeing all her children unite with the church. 
Services at the home by Eld. A. L. Wright, assisted by Eld. 
S. S. Blough. — Calvin Ulrey, North Manchester, Ind. 

Burger, Sister Venia Viola, nee Wliisler. daughter of Broth- 
er Aaron and Sister Mattle Whisler, born Dec. 15, 1894, died 
Dec 18 1912 of typhoid fever, aged IS years and 3 days. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren at the age of fifteen 
years, -in which she was a consistent member until death. 
She was married Feb. 1, 1909, to Bro. John Burger, lo this 
union were born a son and a daughter. She leaves her husband 
and children, her parents, brothers and sisters, she will be 
sadly missed in the home and church circles. Services at the 
Brethren church by the writer, assisted by Bro. A. Wolf.- 

you not re 


•• What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder " 

MurUge noticw should b» ieoomp»rJt4 by 50 cent. 

' leedy-Busmlsnel.— By the undersigned, at his residence. 
Dee 21 1912. Mr. John H. Leedy and Sister Maggie V. Rus- 
misael, both of Lima. Ohio.— N. I. Cool. Beaverdam, Ohio. 

Miller-Brown By the undersigned, at the home of the 

bride's father, Bro. Geo. D. Brown, Mansfield. 111., Dec. 10, 
>' Bro Dorsey LT Miller, of North Manchester, Ind.. and 

'• _ _ 1 . _ i, .. „-,., Til XtT T> TTa„lr,,l,l n ( 

Lydi'a Mafcel Brown, of Mansfield, 111.— W. T. Heckman, Oerro 
Gordo, III. 

parsons-Slack.— By the undersigned, at his residence, near 
Twin Palls, Idaho, Dec. IS, 1912, Mr. Jerry I* Parsons and 
Miss Grace Slack, bo Hi of Twin Falls County, Idaho.— Fred 
A. Flora, R. D. 1. Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Warren-Switzex.— By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride, near Lovewell, Kans^ Dec 25, 1912, 
Warren and Si; 
moso, Kans. 

Ziecler-Hihshinan. — By the undersigned, at his residence, 
Dec 21 1912. Bro. Paul H. Ziegler, of Royersford, Mont- 
gomery County, Pa., and Sister Nettie S^ ^Dshman, jrf ML 
^Ctna, Berks County, 

Bro. Chattie 
v Minnie H. Swltzer. — Jacob Sloniker, For- 

-Jesse Ziegler, R. D. 1, Royersford, 


"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord" 

7, 18 

exercises on 
It was about 


Our Sunday-school held its children's 
Christmas' Eve, with a full house present. 
the best service of the kind we have ever had. At the 
close a nice treat was given to about 140 children. Many 
of them wore clothing that had been given them by this 
Mission from the supply that our Aid Societies sent here. 

This year we confined the serving of a dinner to our 
Sunday-school and its parents and friends. We had it 
here in the mission rooms, and found this to be the most 
successful plan we have yet tried. We met for services at 
11 A. M. t which were well attended with the best of at- 
tention. After that we seated the children first, and then 
the old people, to one of the nicest dinners that this end 
of the city ever enjoyed. After that we filled another set 
of tables, and then the waiters filled the tables part way. 
Thus closed a very happy day to many poor little waifs. 
who do not have such a chance but once in a year. We 
counted fifty-eight at the first seating. We had tables in 
three rooms. This dinner consisted of roasted chicken, 
boiled ham, beef, pork roast, potatoes, apple and cranberry 
sauce, pickles, bread, butter, preserves, pies, cake, candy, 
etc. The members were asked to bring what they felt 
like donating, and the merchants gave free-will offerings. 
Some of our members from adjoining churches were so 
kind as to send us offerings which helped us much. 

After the dinner was served we found that we had an 
immense amount of food left. This was carried by willing 
^^ods to the sick and helpless, who were unable to come. 
Jose who have an abundance of blessings in this life 
>an not realize how much such a gift is appreciated until 
they come and see for themselves. E. N. Huffman. 

502 Ky. Ave., St. Joseph, Mo., Dec. 26. 

The trustees elected at our last District Conference at 
Grundy Center, Iowa, have located children in several 
homes as follows: Permanent contracts are drawn for 

Beckner, Sister Charlotte, nee Whisler, born Feb. 
died Dec. 23, 1912, at her home near York. N. Dak., aged 73 
years 10 months and 16 days. She united with the Church 
of the Brethren about thirty years ago and was faithful until 
death. She was married to Rufus L. Beckner Jan. 14, 186*. 
To this union were born one son and two daughters. The 
son and one daughter preceded their mother. Services by 
Eld I. Miller in the Pleasant Hill church. Interment in the 
adjoining cemetery. — Bertha B. Allan, Baker, N. Dak. 

Bedel, Sister Lydia Ellen, daughter of David and 1 Caroline 
Richards, born near Douglas, Ind., Sept. 20, 1879, died Dec. 21, 
'1912 aged 33 years, 3 months and 1 1 day. She was united in 
marriage to Victor Bedel Oct. 2, 1895. To this union six chil- 
dren were born. Three preceded her in death. The husband, 
three children^ four -brothers and three sisters survive. She 
was a faithful, loving wife and a devoted mother. Sister 
Bedel united with the Church of the Brethren at the' age of 
fourteen years and lived a consistent Christian life until 
death. Less than three years ago she moved with her family 
into the bounds of the Hudson congregation, where she was 
greatly loved by the members. On the Monday before she 
passed away she was anointed, after which she seemed to 
gain strength, and passed away without .pain. She was a 
patient sufferer for six years. Services in the .Meiuuonite 
church by her pastor, Bro. J. H. Neher, assisted' by Rev. 
Troyer, pastor of the Menrionlte church. Interment in the 
Mennonlte graveyard near the home of the departed sister. — 
Nannie E. Neher, Hudson, 111. 

Bog-s'S, Charles, son of William and- Susanna (Moore), born 
in Whitley County, Ind., Feb. 10, 1832, died in the hospital at 
Long Clin.', near Logansport, Ind., Dec, 23, 1912, aged 80 years, 
10 months and 13 days. He was thrice married. His first 
marriage was to Mary Brooks, To this union were born five 
children, of whom two survive. After her death he married 
Mary Pound. One child was born to this union. Mother and 
child both died. He afterward married Catherine Bridegam, 
who survives him. He united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren about fifty years ago. He served his church for many 
years in the deacon's office. Services were held by the writer 
In the Churubusco U. B. church, using, as a, text. Acts 4: 
12. His remains were interred in the Eel River cemetery. — 
Walter Swihart, Churubusco, Ind. 

Boitnott, Bro.. George Washington, born in Franklin County, 
Va., Dec. 4, 1S33, died at his home in Maxwell, Iowa, Dec. 17, 
1912, aged 79 years and 13 days. Bro. Boitnott was a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren for about fifty-six years, 
and served asjieacon for a number of years. When the sum- 
mons came, he was ready to go. March 8, 1859, he was mar- 
ried to Saloma Brubaker. This union was blessed with nine 
children. His wife and eight children survive him. Services 
at the Maxwell house in the bounds of the Indian Creek con- 
gregation by the undersigned. Text, 2 Tim. 4; 6-9. Interment 
In the Maxwell cemetery. — J. F. Burton, Ankeny, Iowa, 

Brown, Sister Elizabeth Y., nee Snavely, born August 11, 
1824, in Lancaster County, Pa,, died Dec. 18, 1912, iw the 
bounds of the Hudson church, McLean Co., 111. She came with 
her parents, Brother and Sister John Y. Snavely, to Hudson, 
III., in 1856, where she resided continuously on a farm two 
miles north of Hudson, until within a few weeks of her death. 
In March, 1882, she was married to Bro. Noah Brown, who pre- 
ceded her twenty-two years ago. ' She is survived by Ave 
stepsons, two stepdaughters and two brothers. "Aunt Lizzie," 
as she was more commonly known, was a faithful worker for 
a long time in the Church of the Brethren. She was always 
ready to help with her temporal" means, of which she was 

Davis, Sister Susan, nee Sllfer, born in Ogle County, III., 
Jan 1 1849 died Dec. 23, 1912, aged 63 years, 11 months and 
23 days She was united in marriage to Wm. Davis Oct. 14. 
1868 To this union six children were born. Two of them 
preceded her to the spirit world In Infancy. Three sons and 
one daughter survive. Sister Davis united with the Church of 
the Brethren at the age of fifteen years, and lived a faithful 
Christian life. She sacrificed many of her home comforts for 
the church She was afflicted for more than fifteen years, but 
bore it all with Christian patience. Besides her husband. Eld. 
William Davis, she leaves three sons, one daughter and three 
sisters Services at the Brethren church on Christmas Day 
by the Writer, assisted by Eld. Sawyer and Eld. Yoder, of Sa- 
betha, Kansi— C. B. Smith, Morrill, Kans. 

Dunkle. Verna Mae, daughter of Simon and Ida Dunkle, 
died at the home of her grandparents, Brother David and 
Sister Lucy Dunkle. Snake Spring Valley. Dec. 19, 1912. aged 
14 years, 7 months and 15 days. Verna was a bright and 
loving girl, and was loved by all who knew her. She was sick 
only a few days with pneumonia, and her death is a sore be- 
reavement to her grandparents, with whom she had her home 
^ince childhood. Services in the Brethren church at Snake. 
Spring Valley by Eld. Wm. S. Ritchey and the writer. Inter- 
ment in the Hershberger cemetery. — D. M. Vanhorn, R. D. 1, 
Everett. Pa, -^.^ 

Essiok, Sister Bessie Pearl, nee Mumaw, horn at Williams- 
port, Ohio, Sept. 25, 1896. died of cancer of the stomach, in 
Circleville, Ohio, Dec. 19, 1912, aged 16 years, 2 months and 24 
days Oct. 28, 1911, she was united in marriage to Clarence 
Esslck Four years ago she united with the Church of the 
Brethren. About two weeks before she died she received the 
anointing. Her husband, her mother, six sisters and two 
brothers survive. Services by Elders D. M. Garver and D. b. 
Filbrun. Interment in the city cemetery.— Mina H. Bosserman, 
954 South Pickaway Street. Circleville, Ohi<x 

Etter, Sister Susan, nee Brumbaugh, bom near Bradford, 
Ohio Dec 2, 1829, died near Covington., Ohio, Dec. 17, 191A - 
aged' 83 years, 10 months and 15 days. She was married to 
John Etter in 1851. She was the mother of eight children. 
Four daughters survive her. She had been a member of the 
Church of the Brethren for thirty-eight years. She remained 
faithful to her baptismal vow. Services by the writer as- 
sisted by Rev. J. W. Kilbourn, of the U. B. church.— I. J. 
Rosenberger, Covington, Ohio. 

Everding, Sister Amanda Jane, born near Harrisonburg, 
Va,, March 23, 1845, died at her home near Constantlne, 
Mich Dec 19, 1912, aged- 67 years, 8 months and 26 days. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren while young in years 
and lived a consistent life until God called her to himself. 
She is survived by a loving husband, two sisters and four 
brothers. Services by the writer. Text, Matt. 25: 34. — J. H, 
Fike, Middlebury, Ind. 

rerree, William, bom in Springfield township. Pa., Nov. 8, 
1847 died at his home near Dallastown, Pa,, Nov. 30, 1912, 
aged 65 years and 22 days. For some time he had been com- 
plaining of diabetes, which caused his death. He is survived 
by his wife and seven children— four sons and three daugh- 
ters Services at the Codorus church by the River Brethren, 
assisted by Eld. Jacob M. Myers. Interment in the cemetery 
adjoining the church.— S. C. Godfr«w, R. D. 2, Red Lion, Pa, 

Pyock, Herman Blair, little son of Brother Jerome and 
Sister Lizzie Fyock, died of diphtheria Dec. 16, 1912, at his 
home in Scalp Level, aged 1 year, 6 months and 20 days. Serv- 
ices by Bro, D. S. Clapper. Text, Mark 10: 15.— Eva S. Dilllng, 
1801 Somerset Avenue, Windher, Pa, 

"Glover, Bro. Isaac Newton, born May 26, 1838, at Brandon- 
ville Preston County, W. Va., died Dec. 12, 1912, near Low 
Point in the bounds of the Oak Grove congregation. He moved 
to Illinois in the spring of 1S69. In 1895 he moved to the 
home which he occupied till the time of his death. He was 
a member of the Brethren church for fourteen years. He 
leaves a widow and nine children. Services in the Oak 
Grove church by the writer,, assisted by J. W. Switzer. Text, 
Luke 12-: 37. — D. E. Eshelman, Low Point, 111. 

Jacobs, Sister Laura A., nee Crummitt, died at her home in 
Frederick City, MA, Dec. "23, 1912, aged 53 years, 5 months and 
1 day She had been in .poor health for some time, though 
her condition was not thought to be serious until a few days 
before her death. She .united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren about thirty years ago. She leaves four sons and one 
daughter, two brothers and one sister. Her husband preceded 
her some years ago. Services by the writer, assisted by 
Eld S H. TJtz, of New Market, Md. Text, Gen. 3: 9; 2 Kings 
4- 24 Interment In the Brethren cemetery near Monrovia. — 
R A. Nedrow, 121 E. Fourth Street, Frederick, Md. 

Page, Bro. Ed., died Dec. 24, 1912, aged 36 years, 1 month 
and 23 days. He lived in the bounds of the South St. Joseph 
church. Services by the writer. Text, 1 Cor. 16: 61, 52. — 
E. N. Huffman, 502 Kentucky Avenue, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Kline, Sister Elizabeth, nee Naylor, born in Ohio, March 
16, 1824, died near Silver Lake, at the home of her daughter, 
Mrs. S. P. Leckrone. Nov. 7, 1912. aged 88 years, 7 months and 
"2 days She was married to Joshua Kline about 1842, who 
preceded her in death Sept. 24, 1900. Twelve children were 
born to this union. In 1S93 she gave her heart to the Lord, 
and remained faithful. She was a constant sufferer for about 
eight years, and was unaible to walk for the last six years. 
Her example as a patient sufferer is characteristic only of 
the saints of the Lord, Services at the Rose Hill church by 
Eld. J. H. Wright. Interment In the cemetery near by.— 
T. D. Butterbaugh, R. D. 2. Box 60, Silver Lake, Ind. 

Mills, Mary E., born in Greene County, Ind., Jan. 15. 1833, 
died of paralysis at Whiteson, Oregon, Dec. 14, 1912, aged 74 
years, 10 months and 29 days. She was united in marriage to 
Horace T. Mills In Wayne County, Iowa, June 30, 1859. To 
this union were born two sons and four daughters. All of 
them were present at her funeral. She was baptized in the 
Iowa River church, Marshall Co., Iowa, In June, 1864, and con- 
tinued In the faith of the Gospel. A few days before her 
death she was anointed. Services by Bro. S. P. Van Dyke. 




Text. Isa. 6-1: 8. Interment at Whiteson. — Sarah A. Van Dyke, 
New-berg, Oregon. 

Montgomery, Bro, Isaiah E., died at his home Nov. 30. 1912, 
lifter a continued illness of two years, aged 67 years. He 
united with the Church of the Brethren in his early manhood 
and remained a consistent member until death. He lived 
in the bounds of the Btieua Vista congregation practically all 
his life- Services at the church by the pastor. Bro. S. G. 
Greyer. Text, Rev. 14: 13. After that his remains were taken 
t<> the Neslah cemetery for burial. — W. E. Gilbert, Buena 
Vista, Va. 

newcomer, Sister Catharine, nee Boyer, born near Ringgold, 
Md.. March. 27. 1828, died Dec. 9, 1912, in the bounds of the 
Ant ie tarn congregation, Pa., -aged 84 years and 8 months. Had 
she lived until Dec. 12, she would have been married sixty- 
two years. She is survived by a faithful, aged Christian hus- 
band, one daughtei; and one son. Both of them are members 
of the Church of the Brethren. One son preceded her to the 
spirit world several years ago. Our aged sister was an in- 
telligent woman, noted for her good' memory and Christian 
hospitality. She was always ready to lend a helping hand 
to the sick and needy, and was a regular attendant at all the 
net-vices as long as strength of body permitted her. She cer- 
tainly will be missed'. Servloes were held in the Wetty church 
by Eld. C. R. Oelllg, assisted by Bro. H. C. Wertz. Text, 
"Blessed are the dead~that die in the Lord." Interment in the 
cemetery adjoining the church. — Mary A. Newcomer, R. D. 
3, Smithburg, Md. 

parsoarl. Sister Polly Ann, nee Day, born at Humboldt, 
Nebr., June 29, 1874, died in Circlevllle, Ohio. Dec. 9, 1913, of 
cancer of the bowels, aged 38 years, 5 months and 10 days. 
In early life she became a member of the M. E, church, but 
during her last illness she expressed a desire to unite with 
the Church of the Brethren and was qualified for membership. 
On account of her physical condition the family thought 
baptism could not be administered and. of course, their wishes 
were respected'. Her husband, one daughter, her father and 
two sisters survive. Services by Bro. E. B. Bagwell, of Bre- 
men, Ohio. Interment in the city cemetery. — Mina H. Bosser- 
man, 954 South Pickaway Street, Circlevllle, Ohio. 

Beam, Mrs. Elizabeth Ann, wife of S. J. Ream, died Dec. 
;3, 1912, at her home in the Huntington City congregation, 
Ind., a-ged 62 years. She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for about twenty-five years. Services by the writer. 
Text, Philpp. 1: 21. — G. L. Wine, Huntington City, Ind. 

Rexrode, "William, born Oct. 20, '1823, died Dec, 18, 1912, 
aged 89 years, 1, month and 26 days. He was born in Pendle- 
ton County, W. Va., and spent his long and useful life on the 
farm on which he was born. He was the last survivor of a 
large family. He was married three times. His first wife 
was Miss Martha J. Hoover. She died Sept. 10, 1864, leav- 
ing four daughters. All were married. His second wife was 
Mrs. Mary J. Stone, with, whom he lived only a few years. 
She died Nov. 3, 1873, without any living issue. His third 
wife was Mrs. Elizabeth H. Todd, who, with three sons and 
three daughters survives him. Bro. Rexrod-e was a kind 
husband and father, noted for his integrity, industry and 
faithfulness. The writer has known him intimately for fifty 
years, and never heard him speak evil of any one. Some 
twenty-five years ago he united 1 with the Church of the' 
Brethren, and spent much of his after-life in reading his 
Bible and church papers. When he could no longer see to read, 
he would have others read for him. After an appropriate ser- 
mon by his pastor, Bro. Joseph Beverage, he was laid to rest 
in the old family graveyard near his home. — H. H. Jonesv Doe 
Hill, Va. 

Shaw, Bro. Samuel K., born In Blair township, died Dec. 
•Jii, 1912, of general debility. He located in the city of Altoona, 
Pa., twenty-five years ago. When he was a young man, he 
was confirmed In the Lutheran church, but of late years he 
changed his church preferences to the Brethren. His wife, who 
died seven years ago, was an exemplary member of the Church 
of the Brethren. Interment In the Carson Valley cemetery. 
Services by the writer.— J. W. Wilt, 1100 Second Street, Ju- 
niata, Pa. 

Snlsler, Brol John F.t eldest son of Etd. James Shisler, of 
Indian Creek, Pa,, died Dec. 13, 1912, aged' 36 years, 5 months 
and 22 days. He suffered a long time from consumption. 
Nearly five weeks before Ills death he was taken in a carriage 
to the water near by and was baptized by his father. He died 
In the hope of eternal life, but regretted that he did not enter 
into the Master's service sooner. He is survived by a sorrow- 
ing wife and two children, his parents, seven brothers and four 
sisters. Services and Interment at the Indian Creek church 
by the home brethren.-— Hannah R. Shisler, Vernfteld, Pa, 

Shoes, Mrs. Nancy, nee Replogle, wife of Jacob Shuss, born 
near Woodbury, Pa., July 9, 1851, died at their home near 
Garfield, Kans., in the bounds of the Lamed congregation, of 
heart failure, Dec. 24, 1912, aged 61 years, 5 months and 15 
days. She leaves a sorrowing husband, eleven children and 
four brothers. Services at the home of the deceased by the 
writer. Text, Matt. 24: 44.— Michael Keller, R. D. 2, Lamed, 

Simmers, Sister Rebecca A., nee Layman, wife of Bro. Jacob 
Simmers, died of hardening of the arteries, at her home near 
Linville, Rockingham Co., Va., Dec. 20, 1912, aged 72 years, 
6 months and 13 days. She was a loyal member in the Green 
Mount congregation since her youth. Her husband and two 
daughters preceded her. She leaves four sons, two sisters, 
three brothers and two half-brothers. Services at the Pine 
Grove church by Elders Isaac C. Myers and Geo. B. Flory. 
Text, Psa. 16: 15. Interment in the Pine Grove cemetery. — 
Katie Kline, Broadway, Va. 

Trout, John Valentine, born in Springfield township, Pa.. 
Jan. 13, 1836, died' at his home near Jacobus, Pa,, Dec 5, 1912, 
aged 76 years, 10 months and 22 days. His death was due 
to the infirmities of old age. He was married to Sister Mary 
Hrillhart. Three sons and three daughters were born to this 
union. One daughter preceded him In death. Services at the 
Bupp's Union church by Eld. Jacob M. Myers, assisted by Rev., 
Stauffer, of the Reformed church, and Bro. J. L. Myers. In- 
terment in the adjoining cemetery. — Samuel C. Godfrey, R. D. 
-'. Red Lion, Pa. 

Weldy, Sister Lydia, nee Pox, bom June 13, 1844, died at her 
home near Goshen, Ind., Dec. 8, 1912, aged 68 years, 5 months 
and 25 days. She was united in marriage to Abraham Weldy 
July 12, 1863. To this union were born four daughters and 
five sons. She was a faithful member of the Brethren church 
for twenty-five years. Her last expression was: "I am going 
home." Services and interment at Union Chapel by Eld. Frank 
Krelder. — (Mrs.) Osle Brumbaugh, Goshen, Ind. 

Wertz, Sister Barbara, born Oct. 15, 1830, in Pennsylvania, 
died Dec. 7, 1912, at Thomasville, Ga. She was the wife of 
P. R. Wertz, who preceded her a little more than two years. 
She united with the Brethren church in 1864, in the Panther 
Creek congregation, Woodford Co., 111., and has since then 
been a strong believer in the principles of the Brethren. Since 
the death of her husband she lived with her son, M. N. Wertz, 
who was her only child. She was in apparently good health 
until the morning of Nov. 30, when she had a violent hemor- 
rhage, which almost caused her death before the physician 
could arrive. After that she rallied until Dec. 7, when she was 
seized again with, another hemorrhage and died in her daugh- 
ter's arms, before anything could be done for her. Interment 
ln the Laurel Hill cemetery beside her husband. Services by 
Eld. Aaron Parish, a Primitive Baptist preacher. Text (sub- 
ject), "God in the Burning Bush." — M. N. Wertz, Thomasville, 

Young-, Oliver, son of Mr. Byron and Sister Lizzie Young, 
porn Dec. 21, 1891, was killed on the railroad Sept. 2, 1912. 
tie leaves his parents, three brothers and two sisters. Serv- 
ices by Eld. A. Miller, of near Degraff, Ohio. Interment In the 
cl ty cemetery. — Bessie M. Kaylor, Bellefontaine, Ohio. 


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"Some Who Led" 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January U t 1913. 



Taking Care or the College. 26 

Withdrawals (H. C. E.) .- ?° 

Home-going (H. B. B.) j* 

A Word Of Cheer to Men of Fifty <D. I-.. M.) 2o 

Consulting the Officials 26 

Church Names, 28 

Playimr Checkers «"* 

Dividing Up the Estate 26 

Essays, — 

The Simple Life in the City. By T. T. Myers, IS 

Pastor Russell: Anti-missionary. — Manifestly Much 

Mistaken. By Wilbur B. Stover 13 

The Separation. By O. II. Yereman, 20 

On the Coquille, Oregon. By J..Harman Stover 20 

Thanksgiving Day In Ping Ting Chou, China. By Min- 
erva Metzger 21 

A Paying Investment. By C. S. Hoff 21 

Character Sketches from My Jungle Home. No. 7. — 
Our Marathi Pundit on Marriage. By Nora E. 

Berkeblle ■"• 23 

Value of a Smile, L 23 

The Round Table, — 

Illinois' Prohibition. — Mar.tha B. Lahman. There Is 
No Sunset.— William Lewis Judy. The Gospel Messen- 
ger a Missionary. — D. K. Clapper. Conviction.— Nettie 
Senger 22 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

(Concluded from Page 29.) 
ceived and four were granted. There seems to be a remark- 
able spirit of union and harmony In our church. All of the 
former officers were reelected for another year. Bro. Thomas 
Karns is our superintendent of the Sunday-school. An in- 
stallation service for the officers and teachers of the Sunday- 
school was held on Sunday evening, Dec. 29. — Ethel Bowser, 
Trotwood, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Wyandot. — Bro. Ira E. Long, of Mansfield, Ohio, came to this 
„ place Dec. 21 and remained with us^ver Sunday. He preached 
two excellent sermons for us. In the morning he preached 
at the Brethren church, and in the evening he preached at 
the M. E. church in Little York. His labors were appreciated. 
We rejoice to be remembered by our ministers, as we are 
without a .pastor. Dec 28 we held our council. Our elder, 
Bro. L. H\ Dickey, of Fostoria, Ohio, was with us. We are 
always cheered by his words of comfort and admonition. We 
were sorry that circumstances did not permit him to remain 
over Sunday, to preach for us. Three letters of membership 
were received, being those of members living at Marion, — a 
mission point in the bounds of this congregation. We rejoice 
in the good work being done at this place. Brethren A. H. 
Newman and J, W. Coon were elected as a local Temperance 
Committee, and Sisters AJlie Newman and Laura Coon were ap- 
pointed on the local Missionary Committee. — Mary L. Cook, 
Wyandot, Ohio, Dec. 30. 


Bed Biver church met in council Dec. 2C. Bro. Joseph Nill 
presided. Two letters were received, and three were granted. 
All church officers were elected for 1913. Bro. A. G. Fillmore 
will be our elder in charge; Sister Lizzie Horst, secretary; 
Bro. O. M. Pobst, treasurer. Sunday-school officers were also 
elected, with tne writer as superintendent, and Sister Dolly 
Cooper as secretary. The writer was chosen Messenger 
agent and correspondent. A committee was appointed to se- 
cure a minister to conduct a series of meetings for us in 
August. — Gay Nill, Hollister, OkJa., Dec. 27. 

Turkey Creek church met In council at the home of Bro. T. 
M. Stanley Dec. 28. Our elder not being present, Bro. J. D. 
Bashor presided. Two were received by letter. — Sarah J. 
Stanley, R. D. 1, Box 7, Lamont, Okla, Dec. 31. 


Hatfield church met In quarterly council Dec. 28. Our eld- 
er, Bro. Frank P. Cassel, presided. Certificates were granted 
to four members, among whom were Bio. Artemus Rosen- 
berger and wife, who moved to Florida last fall. A committee 
was appointed to investigate a place for preaching services in 
Souderton. We also decided to have Christian Workers' Meet- 
ings this year. The following Sunday-schooi superintendents 
were elected: For Hatfield, Bro. G. H. Light: for Lansdale, 
Bro. Edwin Halteman. — Mrs. Guorge H. Light, Hatfield, Pa, 
Dec. 30. 

JacobB Creek. — We met in council Dec. 28. Our church offi- 
cers were retained for another year. It was decided, by a 
unanimous vote, to retain Bro. B. B. Ludwick as our pastor 
for another year. Bro. F. B. Myers was advanced to the sec- 
ond degree of the ministry. Bro. Silas Hoover was present. 
He remained here until Sunday and preached for us in the 
morning. Our Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting 
are moving along nicely.— Laura Netderhiser, Mount Pleasant 
Pa., Dec. SO. 

lost Creek church met in council Jan. 1. As our elder, 
Bro. George Strawser, was absent, Bro. C. G. Winey took 
charge of the meeting. All the former church officers' were re- 
elected for three years. Brethren Elchman and John Carney 
were reelected superintendents of our Sunday-school for one 
year. Bro. George Strawser was retained as our elder in 
charge for three years, and the writer was reelected as Mes- 
senger correspondent.- Bro. W. B. Stover will be with us for 
two sermons Jan. 7 and 3.— J. B. Frey, R, D. 2. Box SO, Mifflin- 
town, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Maiden Creek church held a very good series of meetings 
near Mohrsville, conducted by Eld. David Kllhefner, of Ephra- 
ta, Pa. The meetings began Nov. 19 and continued until Dec 
1. We had most excellent weather, and the attendance and 
interest were good, Bro. Kllhefner gave us instructive and 
inspiring sermons, which were appreciated bv all and left 
many lasting impressions. — <Mrs.) S. S Beave 
Shoemakersville, Pa., Dec. 27. 

D. 2, 

Mingo church met In council Dec. 7. Our elder, Bro. Jesse 
w*£ ^~f ? £' Th ?„ offlcei ' 3 of the Skippack Sunday-school 
were elected for another year, with Bro. Joseph Cassel as 
superintendent. We organize* a home department tn 
both Sunday-schools. Sister Zollers and Bra Samuel Hess 
are superintendents of these departments. On Thanksgiving 
meeff™- T * C ° nner ' ° f Har ^™^g, Va. began a series of 
*ff^T/i!L ^ con ^ re ^" on ' He preached, in all, thirty ser- 
« at the Skippack and Mingo houses. A thorough prepara- 

^V/,2 1 S TT™' a 1Oei0al and Practical presentation of [he 
subjects, and his earnest and Impressive manner of delivering 
^ S m f^ S ,f S ^ ^V* ,n a deep interest in these meeting 
rS I ?^J, bui.dmgs were filled to the limit, and some pfo 
pie attended who had not been in church service for years 
Slhlv ^ m ' nU , te ( J halk - ta,ks ' Preceding each sermon, were 
J!£? 2 , a PP r " iat ^. especially by the children. Bro. Conner 

E *l?olT ^u— n V* Q "" e a tr6at t0 us «° "ive Bro. w. 

Tulpehocken church lias just closed a series of meetings at 
the Millsbaoh house. Bro. Wm. H. Miller, of Hanover, Pa., 
did the preaching, delivering nineteen sermons. Our next 
series of meetings will be conducted by Bro. J. C. Zug at 
Myerstown, beginning Jan. 11. At our December council we 
decided to build a new churchhouse at Richland next spring. 
Several members were received by letter, and one was bap- 
tized since our last report. Bro. Henry Hollinger preached our 
Thanksgiving sermon. A collection of $28,50 was taken for 
District Mission Funds. — T, L. Reber, Richland, Pa,, Dec. 30. 

Limestone. — Our series of meetings, which began Dec. 8, 
was conducted by Bro. *Isaac Frantz, of Ohio. Bro. Frantz 
gave us plain Gospel sermons. Dec. 22 five were baptized. 
Others await the rite. One renewed her vows. The meetings 
closed Dec. 23. On Christmas Day, at 11 A. M., we met for 
services. Bro. A. E. .Nead preached a splendid sermon, — 
Anna Arnold, Telford, Tenn., Doc. 27. 

Oakland.— Bro. J. I-I. Peterson, of Fountain City, Tenn., 
preached three very Interesting sermons for us Dec. 7 and 8. 
A little business came before the church. The writer was 
elected clerk and secretary. Two members were baptized. 
Others seem to be near the kingdom. — Lula D. Klepper, R. D. 
■f, Greenback, Tenn., Dec. 31. 

Bethel church met in council Dec. 21, with our elder, Bro. 
A. F. Pursley, presiding. Bro. W. H. Byer and wife, of Stan- 
ley, Wis., were with us. Bro. Ryer preached an interesting 
sermon here on Sunday, and also one on Christmas Day. This 
was Bro. Byer's former home, from which he had been absent 
for twenty year®. This made his visit to this place a most 
pleasant one. — J. W. Sumner, Eagle Rock, Va., Dec. 30'. 

Brick. — Dec. 8 Bro. H. J. Woodle began a series of meet- 
ings at this place, and preached nine inspiring sermons. The 
home brethren decided to continue the meetings until Dec. 19. 
The attendance was very good. A good feeling was aroused 
among our members and friends. Prayer meetings were held 
each evering of our meetings. Eight were baptized Dec. 15. — 
Ollie Ikenberry, Wirtz, Va., Dec. 28. 

Daleville — The latter part of November Bro. J. T. Layman 
came to Pleasant Hill, a mission point in this congregation, 
and preached thirteen inspiring sermons. Eight were buried 
with Christ in baptism. Six of the number are members of 
the Sunday-school at this place. — W, K. Coff'man, Haymaker- 
town, Va., uec. 31. 

Dry Biver. — Yesterday was a day of rejoicing for the 
people of this congregation, when they met and dedicated the 
new house of worship, to be called Mount Bethel. We now 
have a house well fitted for work,, both for church and Sunday- 
school. Besides the main audience room, we have five sepa- 
rate Sunday-school rooms. Bro. I. S. Long was to have 
preached the dedicatory sermon, but on account of sickness 
he could not be- there, 'so his place was filled by Bro. P. H. 
Tliomas, of Harrisonburg, Va. The main room" and Sunday- 
school rooms were all filled. Many could not even secure 
standing room. Bro. Thomas preached a very able sermon 
from the text, "My peace I leave with you." Since our last 
report, one more dear soul has accepted Christ Our services 
are well attended, and good interest is manifested in all lines 
of work. Tonight Bro. Saylor Greyer, of Buena Vista, Va., 
begins a series of meetings here. We are working and pray- 
ing that we may have a real revival, both in the church and 
in the outside community. — Mae Albright, Hinton, Va., Dec. 30 
Porest Chapel — On Christmas we had a very pleasant 
day at the Forest Chapel church. The superintendents, Breth- 
ren J. S. Scrogham and W. F. Walter, gave the Sunday-school 
a nice treat, and Bro. George A. Phillips gave the Sunday- 
school several very inspiring talks, which we enjoved very 
much.— S. F. Scrogham, R. D. 1, Basic City, Va.. Dec. 28. 

Summit. — On Christmas Day we were glad to have with us 
Bro. Michael Early, of Nokesville, Va. He delivered to us an 
excellent sermon. A singing class will be taught at the 
Summit church during the Holidays by Prof. Good, of Dayton, 
Va. Sunday-school officers hove been elected for the next year, 
with Bro. D. L. F/vers as superintendent. Since our last re- 
port, three have been received into the church by baptism.— 
Elizabeth F. Miller, Mount Crawford, Va., Dec. 2C. 


Notice. — -The elders of the First District of West Virginia, at 
an Elders' meeting, held at the Allegheny church, Grant Co., 
W. Va., Nov. 26, 1912, passed the following resolution: "We, the 
elders of the First District of West Virginia, stand united 
In regard to our nonconformity principles, as decided by the 
Annual Meeting, with reference to the headdress and the wear- 
ing of jewelry; and, furthermore, we stand opposed to the 
wearing of short sleeves and low-necked dresses." — B W 
Smith, Headsville, W. Va., Dec. 30. 


Roanoke. — Our church met In council Dec. 3. Bro. A. A. 
Sutter presided. One letter was read, recommending one 
brother and one sister, which was accepted. Our love feast, 
to have been held Dec. 31, was unavoidably postponed. We 
now expect to have it Jan. IS, during our series of meetings. 
We expect Eld. Isaac Frantz to come here about Jan. 11. Eld 
A. A. Sutter, who is one of our District evangelists, spent 
the latter part of last year preaching In Texas. He was home 
a few days. On New Year he left for the Texas field again, 
where he expects to be a mon-th or more. We are sorry that 
he can not be with us during our meetings. Eld. Sutter gave 
us some good admonition. We decided to have song service 
and prayer meeting each night for one week previous to our 
series of meetings.— J. I. Miller, Roanoke, La., Jan. 3. 

Bock Bun.— I made a mistake in giving our church member- 
ship in the issue of Jan. 4. It should read 22G instead of 
260. — Laverne Day, Goshen, Ind.,* Jan. 4- 

Notice to the Elders and Churches of WeBiern Pennsylvania 
— At the District Meeting, held at Somerset, it was decided 
that the Writing Clerk prepare, in pamphlet form, for the next 
meeting, a program,of the business to be considered^ Includ- 
ing queries, reports of officers, committees, etc. A sufficient 
number of copies of the same. are to be supplied to all the 
ministers and delegates of each local congregation These 
programs will be sent to the secretaries oj the respective con- 
gregations, who shall distribute them at least two weeks prior 
to the District Meeting. Since our next District Meeting will 
be March 26, the Secretary asks that all matter for this pam- 
phlet be sent to him not later than Feb. 25, and that each 
Secretary send him his name.- address and the number of 
copies needed, before Feb. 25.— H. S. Replogle, District Clerk 

R. D. 1, Shelocta, ; 

Jan. 2. 

Daily Program. 

Studies in Colossians. — J. p. Dickey, 9:50-1035 A M 
Studies in Acts.— P. B. Fitzwater, 10:35-11-20 A M 
Lectures on Bphesians.— W. S. Long, 1: 30-2' 15 P M 
Studies in Matthew.— P. B. Fitzwater, 2: 15-3" 00 P M 
Lectures on the Divinity of Jesus Christ, Based on an In- 
ductive Study of the Gospel by St. John.— W. I. T. Hoover 
3: 00-3: 45 P. M. 

P. B. Fitzwater.— Doctrinal Sermons, 7: 30 P M 
One afternoon will be given to the discussion of Sundav- 
school work, and one to the work of the District Aid SocletV 
Lordsburg, Cal. j. P . Dickey. 

Popular White and Gold 

To Be Closed Oat at a BARGAIN 

We have in stock a limited number of these 
beautiful booklets, and to make room for new 
supplies, we are offering them at a special price, 
as long as they last. The regular price is 35c a 
copy, net. We offer them now at 25c a copy, or 
five copies for $1.00, postpaid. 

All bound in white satinette or moire antique 
silk, padded cover, and illuminated with appro- 
priate designs in gold and colors, tinted edges. 
Printed in tint, on heavy enamelled paper. From 
six to eight full-page plates in each copy, in gold 
and colors. Sizes $% by 6% or. 7 inches, in neat 

The following are the titles: 

The Child Christ, 

The Story of ChriBt. 

Jesus Lover of My Soul, 

Jerusalem the Golden, 

Hearer My God to Thee. 

Abide with Me. 

Diamonds from Scott. 

Pansies? from Shake- 

Daisies from Steven- 
son's Child's Garden 
Of Verses. 

Gems from Willinu 
Cullen Bryant. 

Gems from Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes. 

Violets from Tennyson. 

Sapphires from Robert 

Opals from Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes. 

Rubles from Lord By- 

Flowers by the Way- 

Thomas a Kempls. 

Morning and JT 1 s; h t 

Remember the bargain price, 25c a copy or five 
copies for $1.00 postpaid. Order now. 



tethel Notebook No. 1 



The Sunday-school lessons of 1913 are taken 
from the Old Testament. Why not connect them 
in such a way that your pupils will know and 
remember them as one connected interesting 
story. The Bethel Notebook No. 1 will do this 
for you. Why not use it? Instructions for its 
use are given with each book, also mention is made 
of them under the heading of Biblical Connections 
in the Brethren Quarterly and Teachers' Monthly 
so that any teacher can easily use them as supple- 
mentary to the other Sunday-school helps. Each 
pupil should have a copy. 

This little booklet contains an outline of Old 
Testament History, also outline maps with in- 
structions for filling them out and tracing all the 
journeys of the principal Bible Characters ac- 
cording to the stories as told in the Bible 

It is a most valuable booklet for the junior, 
intermediate, and senior classes in the Sunday- 
school in fixing in the minds of the pupils the 
facts which are hard to remember and yet very 
vital to a proper understanding and interest in 
the Bible. 

Make 1913 a year of real Bible Study. Begin 
with your class now. 

Price per single copy 1 5c 
Per dozen - - - ■■ S '1 .50 




Church Manual 

By H. B. Brumbaugh. 

This work contains the declaration of faith, 
parliamentary rulings, burial services, and 
treats on taking the oath, temperance, non- 
conformity to the world, and other subjects; 
in fact it will be found very helpful in many 
ways to all. 

Elders, pastors, deacons, Sunday-school 
workers and lay members should have a copy 
for handy reference. 

Bound in limp cloth. 64 pages. 
Price 15 cents 

Elgin, Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 62. 

Elgin, 111., January 18, 1913. 

No. 3. 


Washington's " Foster Mothers." 
Plans are being matured by the " Mothers' Congress " 
of the District of Columbia, whereby leading women of 
the nation's capital will become, for the time being, " Fos- 
ter Mothers " to the youthful-delinquents arraigned before 
the Juvenile Court. In effect, this plan aims to do much 
of the work of the "Big Brother" and "Big Sister" 
movements, so successfully carried on in our large cities. 
By the "Foster Mother" plan, however, more complete 
jurisdiction is given by the court to the woman who 
makes herself responsible for the moral restoration of a 
delinquent child. The fact that many of the women, 
identified with this noble work of reform, are noted for 
their intelligence and moral worth, would seem to indi- 
cate that real good may eventually be wrought in the 
redemption of the street waifs of our cities. 

A Promoter of Peace. 
While, with the intense rivalry between Great Britain 
and Germany, a chance of rupture is imminent, perhaps, 
at all limes, it is encouraging, nevertheless, that Prince 
Lichnawski, — the new German Ambassador, who succeeds 
the late Baron Marschall von Bieberstein, — appreciates 
the importance of a better understanding. Contrary to 
many other diplomats, he takes the optimistic view that 
war between the two conuntries should never be thought 
of, and that it is entirely possible "to bring about an un- 
derstanding founded or, respect and confidence." That 
sort of conviction is well worth cultivating, and it is to 
be hoped that it will be the means of inspiring kindlier 
feelings on both sides of the English Channel. 

The Brewers' Year Book. 

Not religious denominations alone find a year book of 
value in their work. The brewers, also, issue such a book, 
giving facts and figures of importance to their business, 
the manual being confined, in its circulation, strictly to 
their own ranks. Presumably it tells the truth. We learn 
that in nine prohibition States the average consumption 
of malt liquors is 1.35 gallons per capita, annually; in 
fifteen local option States (part "wet" and part "dry") 
the average consumption is 4.37 gallons; in twenty-seven 
saloon-ridden States (largely license territory) the con- 
sumption of liquor reaches 25.23 gallons per capita an- 
nually. Now brewers may claim that "prohibition does 
not prohibit," but even the smallest school-boy can figure 
the difference between 1.35 and 25.23. The brewers stand 
condemned by their own testimony. 

Cigars, Cigarettes and Liquor, 

Harvard's undergraduates, according to well-authenti- 
cated statistics, are spending $98,225, annually, for cigars 
and cigarettes. There is a further expenditure of $73,250 
for liquor. While most of these students are sons of 
well-to-do parents, well able to stand the expense in- 
volved, there are graver results, by far, than the mere 
financial outlay. Indulgence in tobacco and liquor leaves 
its never-failing mark upon these young men, and the 
records tell a story that can not be doubted. We are 
told that the habitual users of tobacco and liquor at Har- 
vard are far below the standard attained by those not thus 
indulging. It appears at times as if the students at some 
of these large institutions of learning are more intent 
upon self-indulgence than upon the attainment of the 
knowledge that ennobles the mind. 

Christian Influences in the New China. 

Ere long Dr. Sun Yat Sen, the leading factor in the new 
era of China, is to visit America. Our Government is 
arranging that due honor be given to this exponent of 
civic rather than military renown. Dr. Sun is an avowed 
promoter of the universal millennium of peace, for which 
the highest aspirations of Christendom are preparing the 
world. Again and again has he stated that China's fu- 
ture stability must be founded upon the Bible and Chris- 
tian education. General Si, vice-president of the republic, 
boldly asserts that "Jesus is better than Confucius," and 
is free to say, " The more missionaries we can induce 
to come to China, the better will the republic be pleased." 
President Yuan himself speaks in no uncertain language 
of missionary efforts. He acknowledges that the Chris- 
tian religion is best, and that he hopes to mould his life 
by its exalted teachings. 

Denmark's Commendable Move. 

Alarmed by the increasing suicide mania, the better 
element of the Danish nation is entering upon a deter- 
mined crusade to counteract the growing evil. Two meth- 
ods are proposed. One plan contemplates the enactment 
°f a rigorous law by which newspapers are prohibited 
from publishing sensational details of suicides. It is the 
aim of the second measure to impress upon the people m 
general, new and more sweeping convictions of their 
personal and inevasible responsibility to God. The entire 
civilized world might profitably consider the adoption of 
similar measures for the eradication of this great evil. 
Only as we impress upon the people a deeper sense of 
their personal responsibility to God, and as we may be 
able to curb the demoralizing and suggestive press re- 
ports of suicides, can we hope to stem the woeful ten- 
dency of degenerate humanity towards self-destruction. 

Prevention Better Than Remedies. 

President Emeritus Chas. W. Eliot, of Harvard Univer- 
sity, in a recent lecture pertinently remarked, "Preventive 
medicine-is capable, in the future, of doing away with pov- 
erty and misery, of remedying industrial disputes, and of 
contributing to the cause of international peace." Accord- 
ing to M-e. Eliot's idea, the medical practitioner of the fu- 
ture will prevent diseases rather than cure them. Doubt- 
less much may be done by preventive medicine in re- 
moving those causes of human misery, poverty and sor- 
row which lead to internal rebellion and disorder, and, 
among nations, to war and strife. Not forgetting the ap- 
plication of the same principle to things spiritual, we may 
at once see a wide range of cases in which prevention of 
delinquency has proved far more effective than any pos- 
sible remedial action could have been, had it been ever 

so well applied. 

The Church Not Losing Out. 

Despite the many ^discouraging "signs of the times," 
and the pessimistic utterances of many prophets of im- 
pending evil, the progress of present-day Christianity is 
not wholly discouraging. True, we might all • do more, 
and yet Christianity has made good progress since the 
days of the fathers. In 1800 only seven out of each one 
hundred of our population were identified with some 
church organization. Now, by the very latest church 
statistics, twenty-four out of each one hundred population 
claim affiliation with some organization of the Christian 
forces of our land. While it is true that in many cases 
profession does not indicate possession of vital piety as 
fully as we might wish, it is true, .nevertheless, that all 
who are so identified, are helped at least to s'bme ex- 
tent. All of us, perhaps, need to put forth more deter- 
mined efforts to "grow in grace and in the knowledge of 

the truth." 

The World's Largest Sunday-school. 

More than a year ago brief mention was made of In- 
diana's large Sunday-school, under the auspices of the 
M. E. church, and located at Brazil, a town of 9,300 in- 
habitants. One of the mottoes of the school is: "What 
kind of a school ye desire when ye pray, believe, and ye 
shall have it," and we see no reason whatever why the 
same motto might not be adopted by every Sunday-school 
of our land, provided the same energy as at Brazil be 
put back of the "desiring" and "praying." The super- 
intendent of the school, Mr. W. E. Carpenter, is a man 
of big ideas, and, above all, of big faith and, without re- 
sorting to any sensational methods whatever, he has suc- 
ceeded in reaching an enrollment of 4,897 for his school. 
While mere numbers are not necessarily an evidence of 
real success, yet, when more than half the people of a 
community are in Sunday-school, we may rest assured 
that some good is being done. " Go thou and do like- 

Recent Missionary Progress in Egypt. 

At a recent gathering of sixty-five Christian mission- 
aries in Egypt, eight days were profitably spent in a thor- 
ough consideration of the progress of the work in the land 
of the Pharaohs. It was shown that today, as never be- 
fore, there is manifest among the Moslems an unusual 
interest in Christianity and its teachings. Copies of the 
Scriptures and religious tracts are being bought and read 
by Moslems to an extent never before paralleled in the 
history of Islam. A spirit of religious investigation seems 
to pervade all classes, and even some of those, recognized 
r as religious teachers, seem to be searching for the truth. 
Where formerly few Mohammedans were willing to at- 
tend Christian services, there are now but few who refuse. 
A spirit of unrest seems to prevail in Islamic circles, clear- 
ly indicating their recognition of the insufficiency of Mo- 
hammedan dogmas. We may well thank the Lord and 
take courage by reason of this prospective triumph of the 
Gospel in the Land of the Nile. 

Conflicting Practices. 

Renewed attention has been directed, of late, to the 
practice of the noted Carthusian monks in manufacturing 
and selling intoxicating liquor as a means of livelihood, 
and the more so since they sought and obtained full pro- 
tection from the United States Supreme Court to use the 
word "Chartreuse" as a trademark, thus defending them 
against all would-be imitators. In the case of these 
monks,— zealous defenders of Catholicism,— we have the 
peculiar combination of professed religious workers en- 
deavoring to bring men and women to Christ on the one 
hand, and on the other hand giving their most earnest at- 
tention to a business that can not help but prove destruc- 
tive to those who partake of the liquor thus provided. 
"What communion hath light with darkness? "—asked 
one of old. In these days of gross inconsistencies among 
professing Christians we may well be on our guard, lest 
we be carried away by the prevailing mercenary spirit of 

the age. . 

Mortgaging the Future. 

With a singular disregard for the final day of settle- 
ment which is sure to come, the nations of the world con- 
tinue to increase their bonded indebtedness, which, since 
1897, has grown so alarmingly in volume as to startle 
even the most reckless. President David Starr Jordan, of 
Leland Stanford University, maintains that the world's 
taxes have practically doubled since 1897, and yet, in 1911 
the bonded debt of all the nations still showed a total of 
$37,000,000,000, the annual interest charges on which were 
over $1,400,000,000. The seven most "progressive" na- 
tions spent two and one-half times as much in 1911 for 
naval expansion as they did in 1897. Besides the added 
burden of taxation, to defray the expense of additional 
military equipment, there is also the great loss of men, 
withdrawn from industrial pursuits, to supply army and 
navy. Coming generations may well wonder at the wild 
frenzy, possessing men of the present age, in mortgaging 
the resources of the future to supply the war funds of 


A School of Vice. 

Judge Ben B. Lindsey, of Denver, Colo., was greatly 
surprised recently, when four little girls, ranging in age 
from eight to ten years, were brought before the Juve- 
nile Court, charged with robbing fashionable homes of 
the city of money, jewelry, etc., to the extent of more 
than $1,000. When gently questioned by the judge, who 
is known far and wide as the friend of erring children, they 
were free to confess that they got the first suggestion 
from their attendance at moving picture shows. The 
leader of the little group frankly stated: "We went to 
'movies' where pictures of robberies were shown. We 
saw how easily it was done, and then we did it too. We 
sneaked into the houses when no one was looking." Only 
by the purchase of- an unusually large amount of candy 
at a confectionery was suspicion aroused against the 
youthful transgressors, resulting in their apprehension. 
How deplorable, however, that pictures of a clearly cor- 
rupting nature are allowed to lead astray children at so 
tender an age as those above referred to, when impressions 
made are sure to be lasting. 

Better Conditions for New York's Toilers. 
Garment workers of the eastern metropolis in a pending 
strike are demanding that the manufacturers concede 
to the 125,000 toilers the rights and privilges to which 
they consider themselves entitled. They are asking a 
minimum wage of $10 a week for girls, and $16 a week 
for men, an eight-hour day, sanitary shops, and the aboli- 
tion of all "sweatshops" and tenement-house work. At 
first glance it might seem that New York only is concerned 
in the struggle, but in reality the entire nation is vitally 
interested, especially in that part of the strikers' demand 
which stipulates sanitary shops and no tenement-house 
work. Much of the clothing, manufactured in New York's 
slums, under the most filthy environments, is ultimately 
purchased by people in every part of the country. Cloth 
ing manufacture res, in many cases, make only the main 
part of each garment in their own shops, leaving the fin- 
ishing to the women and children of the tenement-house 
districts. Though consumption and every other dise°^e 
may abound, the garments are finished amid those envi- 
ronments and returned to the shop, later on to be dis- 
tributed over the entire country. It would seem that 
the demand of the workers should be granted by the man- 
ufacturers. This would insure better conditions for these 
hard-working toilers, and also remove the danger of pos- 
sible contagion by reason of germ-laden garments, as un- 
suspecting purchasers, throughout the country, buy the 
products of these shops. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 


Study to shew thyself approved unto «' ."T;i™("', ",,"" 
not to be ashamed, rightly dividing die W ord ol i ruin 

The Love of the Savior. 

8s and 7s. 

■ He brought 

...j to the banqueting; house and 111! 
ver nwf'wss "love" (Canticles 2: 41. 

Jesus loved me when a sinner, 

Gave his life to ransom me, 
Paid my debt on Calvary's mountain, 

Where he died to set me free. 
When the night of sin had settled. 

And my way was dark and drear, 
Then I felt his loving presence 

As he drew to me so near. 
With his loving smiles he, 

And I listened to his call, 
And he offered me full pardon, 

If I gave to him my all. 
And my heart gave speedy answer, 

Longing for that blissful rest, 
Offered to all those so freely, 

Who will lean upon his breast. 
Now I'm his by right of purchase, 

I am his because of love, 
In his arm of peace he holds me 

Till we reach the home above. 
He will strengthen me for duty, 

In his service here below, 
Take my life and make it useful, 

Help me in his service grow. 
Hollidaysburg. Pa. 

Ideal Sunday-school Work. 


An ideal, according to Webster, is a mental con- 
ception embodying perfection. Upon the correctness 
and truth of our ideals depends largely what we be- 
come and do. We never rise higher than our ideals. 
They, if correct, are valuable as a means of causing 
us to improve ourselves in working to attain a higher 

Ideal Sunday-school work is such as conforms to 
true and high ideas regarding it. All work has 
certain fundamental principles or truths underlying 
it, the conformity to which will lead to the best 
possible results. So with Sunday-school work, — ideal 
Sunday-school work is realized upon adhering closely 
to its fundamental principles. 

In order to know what some of the principles or 
truths, underlying Sunday-school work are, we first 
must know what the Sunday-school itself is. 

We give Dr. John H. Vincent's excellent definition : 
"The Sunday-school is a department of the church 
of Christ, in which the Word of Christ is taught for 
the purpose of bringing souls to Christ and building 
up souls in Christ." 

From this definition Dr. Vincent draws five prin- 
ciples as follows: 

1. The Sunday-school is vitally connected with the 
church. (A department.) 

2. It meets on the Lord's Day. (A Sunday-school.) 

3. The teaching method is used. (A Sunday- 

4. It teaches the Word of Christ. 

5. Its purpose is twofold : To bring souls to Christ ; 
To build up souls in Christ. 

These principles underlie ideal Sunday-school work. 
Now your Sunday-school may not have everything 
that these points embody, but every Sunday-school 
may be working on all of these principles in some 

Principle 1. — The Sunday-school is vitally con- 
nected with the church. 

.In ideal Sunday-school work the entire church is 
interested in her Sunday-school. Every member 
helps the school in some way. Every church member, 
who is not helpless physically, should either attend 
the Sunday-school or study the lessons through the 
Home Department. The church officers the Sunday- 
school, — not necessarily by " ballot " vote, but surely 
through representation, such as through its church 
Board and Advisory Committee. 

The church sees to it that her distinctive doctrines 
are taught in the Sunday-school. The Sunday-school, 

though it has some attendants who are not church 
members, is always responsible to the church. All 
the teachers are loyal church members, seeking to 
bring their pupils into the church and into close fel- 

A so-called Sunday-school, apart from a church, 
might be well equipped, organized, graded, have a 
large attendance and well planned exercises, but, 
apart from close relationship to a church, it can 
wield no spiritual influence. The church of Christ is 
the means of salvation, and as. such it needs ever to be 
pointed out in Sunday-school. Teachers who are 
loyal church members will naturally impress pupils 
with the fact that Jesus Christ and his church are 
to them dearest of all things in life. 

Principle 2.— It meets on the Lord's Day. 

At first thought it would seem that, in regard to 
this principle, every one of our Sunday-schools is 
ideal. But there is much room for improvement 
when we consider that meeting on the Lord's Day 
means meeting in the Lord's way. 

This day, on which We meet in our Sunday-schools 
is set apart as a sacred day— one that brings glory 
to our resurrected Lord. So we, as teachers, officers 
and pupils, should be very reverent in word and 
manner. There ought to be a holy atmosphere over 
our Sunday-school work. The work is, the Lord^s 
and the pupils should involuntarily feel it. If this 
spiritual, reverent atmosphere were maintained dur- 
ing the Sunday-school hour, I believe Sunday-school 
people would more naturally spend the rest of the 
day becomingly. 

Principle 3.— The teaching method is used. 

Wherever teaching is done in a school, there are 
pupils, classes, teachers and organization. In this 
outward expression of the principle, all our schools 
are ideal. But the principle has an inner, deeper mean- 
ing. Do we really teach in our Sunday-schools? 
Teaching has been defined as " causing a human soul 
to know." If others are to know, teachers must first 
know— know what? The pupil, the Bible, as far as 
possible, the lesson, how to teach, and, above all, — 
Jesus Christ. Until our teachers seek to know Jesus 
intimately, we are far from ideal work. 

Further, teachers should know how to teach. They 
should not preach to the class, but find out and use 
the method best adapted to cause their grade of 
pupils to know. 

The Qualifications of a Christian teacher have been 
outlined iiy some one under the following four P's: 

1. A Professing Christian. 3. A Prepared Christian. 

2. A Praying Christian. 4 A Practicing Christian. 
We have already mentioned some things about the 

professing Christian. A praying Christian is surely 
an essential mark of the true teacher. No matter 
how much a teacher may know, if he does not know 
God, is not intimately acquainted with him in prayer, 
his work can not be spiritual. A teacher, living in 
the atmosphere of earnest, secret prayer can not fall 
far short if he is sincere. 

A prepared Christian, as a teacher, is possible to 
some extent in most schools. Bible study alone, or 
in classes, is a means of preparation. The teacher- 
training class offers splendid opportunities for better 
preparation. The teachers' meeting is another help. 
Heart preparation is not least. Reading of God's 
Word, communion with him, and absolute consecra- 
tion to him, are the blessed means of grace for the 
earnest teacher. 

Why is this ideal of good teaching so hard to at- 
tain? Perhaps the greatest reason is a lack of con- 
secration. Too many teachers care more for worldly 
things than for spiritual. As a result, their spare 
moments are not occupied in seeking better prepara- 
tion. " Open thou mine eyes that I may behold won- 
drous things out of thy law," should be the constant 
longing of the true teacher. 

The practicing Christian is the one who teaches 
more by what he is than by what he says. Teachers 
who are worthy to be the ideals of pupils, will do 
much to bring about ideal Sunday-school work. 
Principle 4. — It teaches the Word of Christ. 
What else would we think of teaching in the Sun- 
day-school? And yet, sometimes, merely opinions 
are taught. In ideal -Sunday-school work, Jesus 

Christ is the center of all teaching. Whether lessons 
are from the Old or New Testament, they are taught 
as related to Jesus Christ. Whether we teach history 
or geography, or give illustrations, all should be 
used as a means to make dear the life and work of 
Jesus, as our personal Savior. 

Again ; if we teach the Word of Christ, let us give 
it fresh from his Book, using the Bible only while 

Principle 5. — Its purpose is twofold — to bring 
souls to Christ, and to build up souls in Christ. 

If each of our Sunday-school workers had this 
high purpose engraved on his heart, we might expect 
"Teat things. Too often Sunday-school work lacks 
a distinct purpose. In every grade effort should be 
made to lead pupils to Christ. This purpose is not 
always apparent to the learner at once, but is the 
guiding star of teachers. As long as there are un- 
converted pupils in a class, the true teacher labors 
for them. This will imply frequent prayer for them, 
loving association with them, so as to win their con- 
fidence, and earnest, tactful -teaching. 

But in classes where all profess Christ, there is 
still another end to attain. A Christian who does not 
grow, lacks something. One who does grow, still 
needs to be trained for service. To help Christians 
see divine truth clearly, and lead them closer to 
Christ, is a godly ministration. Just as little as a 
child, bom into the world, is then already what the 
parents hope it may become, so little are newly-pro- 
fessing Christians developed at once into the full 
stature in Christ. They need to be built up by feed- 
ing on God's Word, thereby to be trained for 
effective service. 

Elisabethtown, Pa. 

A Brief History of the Botetourt Congrega- 
tion, Va. 


In the year 1780 a colony of Brethren and others 
came to Botetourt County, Va., took up land and 
built a little village called Amsterdam. Among the 
colonists that settled here and in the surrounding 
country, were the Graybills, the Gishes, the Kinzies, 
the Stovers, the Hartbergers, the Huffs, the Beck- 
ners, the Peters, the Rileys and the Wingers. Near 
this time the church was organized. The territory 
then included Roanoke and all the country this side 
of the Ohio and Kentucky State lines on the west, 
and Franklin County on the south. The first love 
feast recorded was held at Kinzie's in 1793. Matthias 
Snider and wife were baptized at the time of this 
feast, and Bro. Snider was called to the ministry in 

In the year 1818 Eld. Abraham Crumpacker moved 
in, followed a little later by John and Joel Crum- 
packer, both ministers. It is said that John did not 
preach much, but that Joel was the ablest preacher in 
the county, and performed nearly all the marriage 
ceremonies in the surrounding country. About ten 
or twelve years later John Crumpacker died and Joel 
moved West. Then the church was cared for by 
Matthias Snider, Abraham Crumpacker, Jacob Peters 
and others. Bro. Snider died in 1836. Near this 
time Peter Nininger and William Gish were called 
to the ministry. In 1843 Peter Nead moved into the 
congregation, and about this time the first church- 
house was built, known as the Valley church. It has 
since been replaced by a more modern house of wor- 

Next, Bro. B. F. Moomaw and Andrew McGlure 
were called to the ministry. In 1848 William Gish 
went west, followed a year later by Bro. Peter Nead. 
Bro. George Bear was then elected to the ministry, 
who sometime afterwards also went west. 

About this time Brethren D. H. Plaine and John 
Click were given authority to preach the Gospel. 
Others, who were elected to the ministry here later, 
were Brethren J. C. Moomaw and Jonas Graybill, in 
1863. Then followed Brethren D. C. Moomaw, S. 
Crumpacker, Geo. H. Graybill, T. C. Denton and J. 
H. Graybill, at different times. The dates I do not 
have. Some ministers, who moved into this congre- 
gation during the next few years following, were 
Brethren J. A. Dove, I. N. H. Beahm, J. C. Bealim, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 


D. N. Eller, J. W. Ikenberry, J. Z. Gilbert, C. D. 
Hylton and L. D. Ikenberry. Some of them have 
moved away, while a number are still living here. 
The following have been elected to the ministry, by 
this church, in recent years: In 1896, Brethren C. A. 
Williams and J. T. Layman; in 1901, Brethren J. S. 
Showalter and O. O. John; in 1903, Brethren D. P. 
Hylton, L. C. Coffman and C. S. Ikenberry ; in 1906, 
Brethren J. M. Henry and J. S. Crumpacker; in 
1908, Bro. E. C. Riley. Bro. E. C. Crumpacker was 
elected while engaged in school work at Union Bridge, 

At the time of the opening of the school at Dale- 
ville, there was a membership of about 250, with 
five 'ministers. At the close of the year, 1912, our 
records show a membership of 735, with sixteen min- 
isters, besides some student ministers at the college. 
Since our membership has become so large, it was 
thought that we could better organize our forces and 
come nearer accomplishing the greatest good, in 
future work, ; by forming several congregations out 
of the original one. So, with the kindest spirit prevail- 
ing, the entire church community, including the col- 
lege, by mutual consent, the Botetourt congregation 
ceases to exist, and in its stead three congregations 
have been organized, to be known as the Troutville, 
Cloverdale and Daleville congregations, respectively. 
Troutville has four ministers, Cloverdale four, and 
Daleville eight, besides the student ministers at the 
college. The Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle 
continues, under its present name, with the three con- 
gregations jointly responsible for its promotion. Its 
officers, for 1913, are as follows: C. W. Kinzie, 
President; Lena Mae Eller, Secretary; J. W. Shaver, 
Treasurer. We trust and pray that each of these 
new congregations may follow the example of the 
present church, and be a continual power for the 
furtherance of primitive Christianity in their respec- 
tive fields. 

Daleville, Va. 

Growth Requisites. 


It must be apparent to every thinking individual 
that something is needed in a large number of Ameri- 
can country churches. These rural congregations, 
which, in time past, were vital, throbbing centers of 
spiritual life, where almost every week souls were 
born into the kingdom of God, are, in many places, 
real subjects for alarm. This is true, in all denomi- 
nations, but it is with special thought of our own that 
this paper appears. We should not be pessimistic, 
nor are we, but facts stare us in the face, — facts 
which are incontrovertible. 

All organic life manifests its vitality by growth. 
Where there is no development, something must be 
radically wrong. A child is born, but fails to de- 
velop, — a fact causing the parents much anxiety. 
Why? The child is not normal. One of the chief 
life characteristics is not apparent : the child is not 
growing. Here is an organized church, which, ten 
years ago, numbered one hundred members. Today, 
by a careful search, no more than that number can be 
found. Is that normal? Need we feel cause for 
alarm? The church which is not growing is in dire 
need. Some abnormalities should have immediate at- 

Let us suggest a few requisites for church growth : 
First, there should be a pronounced dissatisfaction 
with present conditions. This principle is univers- 
ally true. It is fundamental. No individual can grow 
intellectually, morally, socially, financially, spiritually, 
unless there be an abiding consciousness that the best 
possible has not yet been attained. There must be a 
longing to come nearer the ideal. What is true of the 
individual, is similarly true of an organic unit. Woe 
to that church which languishes in perfect content-, 
ment! Is it not barely possible that some of us are 
satisfied that our families are in the church and are 
neglectful of the fact that in our immediate vicinity 
are souls, precious souls, far from God? Sunday^ 
after Sunday we attend the services. We notice that 
most of the familiar faces are present, and so we are 
satisfied. We attend the love feast, where practically 
the same number is present as ten years ago. We 

come away, talking about what a fine meeting that 
was. Yes, it was a splendid service but we had as 
good a meeting as that ten years ago with just as 
many communicants. Satisfied ? Oh, for a passion 
to have others enjoy what we do! 

Again; growing life demands the proper quality of 
atmosphere. Go into the sweat-shops of our great 
cities ; observe the pale, haggard faces of young men 
and women. Why thus? The air is bad, the at- 
mosphere is not abounding with that purity, essential 
to health. What is the spiritual atmosphere of your 
congregation, my brother? Is it aglow with earnest- 
ness, intense anxiety, and is there that perfect unity 
and harmony so essential to progress? Are the 
various parts of the organism working like well-oiled 
machinery? Are all efforts tending toward one goal? 
Is everybody busy? Probably, if carefully con- 
sidered, the answers to these questions may be sug- 
gestive, at least, of the reasons for the low spiritual 
condition of the old country church. 

Scientists tell us that the impurities of the atmos- 
phere are due to germs. These germs are powerful 
living forces, capable of infinite propagation. There 
is an analogy between the natural world and the 
spiritual, so we may find something in our spiritual 
life analogous to these germs. Thoughtlessness, care- 
lessness, prayerlessness, selfishness, covetousness, — all 
are dangerous germs when turned loose in any church 
community. These should be exterminated at any 
cost. It may mean a far deeper consecration for 
some of us, but, remember, the welfare of God's king- 
dom demands that the spiritual atmosphere, in which 
it must grow, be pure. If, my brother, you have one 
of these disease germs, give it an effectual treatment 
at once; the sooner, the better; else you may contam- 
inate the whole organism. 

Now, another requisite for growth is good, whole- 
some food, with nourishing qualities. Take a stroll 
with me down a dismal alley of Chicago and look 
into the thin, sallow, emaciated faces .of the children. 
-What is the matter? Lack of proper food, both in 
quality and quantity. All life demands nutritious sub- 
stance on which to feed. Again; what is physically 
true is likewise spiritually true. A spiritual life must 
have spiritual food or die. There is no alternative. 
Does it matter how that food is given? Well, does it 
matter in a physical sense? You and I would die, 
were we compelled to accept food which is not 
adapted to our needs, nor even properly prepared. A 
well-prepared meal is far more appetizing and satis- 
fying than one carelessly or unhygienically prepared. 
So in the spiritual. Our spiritual natures demand 
that the food be carefully selected, that it undergo 
most thorough and careful preparation. This means 
that the man who feeds us be well equipped (or this 
most sacred and responsible of all duties. What is 
the condition in many of our country churches? How 
much time does the feeder of the flock have to pre- 
pare the spiritual meal for Lord's Day? He, proba- 
bly, has toiled until late on Saturday evening. 

A case came under my own observation in which 
the minister, by his own acknowledgment, often- 
times prepared this spiritual meal on his way to the 
service. However talented that man may be, it is 
preposterous to conclude that in a few minutes he 
can prepare spiritual food that will satisfy the hunger 
of a soul. No wonder we have many churches which 
are scarcely more than hospitals for spiritual dys- 

But,-my brother, the poor minister is, by no means, 
wholly to blame. That man and his family must eat, 
drink, have clothing and a home as must you. Then 
you ask him to feed you spiritually in the bargain. 
Say, is it any wonder that your spiritual being is 
sick? Is it strange that sd many of our country 
churches are not prospering? Let us get together 
soon, to attempt to solve this problem, for a problem 
it is. We can. Will we? 

719 University Avenue, Madison, Wis. 

may yet be in order, by way of epitomizing the teach- 
ings of our Lord, and emphasizing the central truths 
of the parables respectively. The chapter is unsually 
rich in teaching about the kingdom, and we may well 
linger here for more study at the feet of Jesus. 

Matthew writes to the Jews. He uses facts in 
Christ's life to make an argument. He deals not 
with the time element of fact, but with the thought 
relation ; not with the chronological, but with the 
logical. Matthew is a consummate logician. He is 
a writer on the philosophy of Christ's history. The 
whole book is an evolution of the first verse, and 
chronologically extends from Abraham to the end 
of the world. 

In chapters five, six and seven, Matthew presents 
our Lord as King in lawgiving ; in chapters eight and 
nine, as King in wonder-working power; in chapter 
ten, as a Royalist in acquiring domain; in chapter 
eleven, as the Cream of the Race — greater than 
John — even the Son of God. In chapter twelve Jesus 
is a kingly Reformer, and provides for his everlast- 
ing successor. In chapter thirteen we have the evo- 
lution of the kingdom, — its growth from start to fin- 
ish, — from the dawn of missions to the judgment, 
covering the Christian era; from "Behold, a sower 
went forth to sow " to " like unto a net " and " So 
shall it be at the end of the world." 

We see, first, the propagation of the seed of the 
kingdom, relative to four kinds of human soil. We 
see, second, the opposing forces in the world. We 
see, third, the outward unfolding of the kingdom in- 
to a shelter, home, and food for Christians. We see, 
fourth, the inner, silent, transforming power of the 
kingdom. We see, fifth, the sterling worth of the 
kingdom and how to obtain it. We see, sixth, the 
activity of the kingdom, and the sacrifice necessary 
to its singleness of consecration. We sec, seventh, 
the consummation of the kingdom " at the end of the 

Thus, the thought evolution pervades the book of 
Matthew from 1: 1, "The son of Abraham," to 28: 
20, " Even unto the end of the world." Every parable 
of our Lord has one specific meaning. The secondary 
meanings may be several. 

Some say the treasure parable " must be sought," 
that is, that it teaches primarily activity. Now, the 
simple reading is, " The kingdom of heaven is like 
unto a treasure hid in a field." Here the basis of 
comparison is " the treasure," — the value, the worth, 
of the kingdom. One finds this treasure, Christ, 
perchance, by accident. He then makes sale and buys 
the whole field, the church, — land, stone, and all, — 
just to get Christ. Here the individual .sacrifices all 
to get the church, to get the Christ, to get the treasure, 
to get the value. Let the treasure be the one absorb- 
ing dominant idea. 

Next comes the so-called " parable of the pearl of 
great price," — " the most precious thing in the world." 
But not so, primarily, for the unit of comparison is 
" A merchantman seeking " In the other the king- 
dom is a treasure. In this the kingdom is centered 
and concerned in all consecrated, sacrificial action. 

Let us not read into parables what we like, but let 
us read out of them what is there,—" only this and 
nothing more." Get the lowest term of the parable. 
Get its unit of comparison. Let all else rotate about 
this unit or basic idea as a beautiful, powerful center 
of concrete truth. 

" Preach the Word," " That is all." That is 
enough. Parables do not have one hundred feet, 
neither do men need to borrow feet for them; nor 
yet to prop them up with crutches. " I have no 
greater joy than to hear that my children walk in 
truth" (3 John 1:4). 
Trevilian, Va. 

Parables of Matt. 13. 


Much has been said about certain parables in Matt. 
13. A brief exposition of the seven parables grouped 
by Matthew in one glorious bunch of kingdom truth, 

The Simple Life in the Public School. 


About seven years ago, the American mind of the 
ethicospiritual or literary type was much exercised 
concerning the English translation of a certain modest 
little volume called, "The Simple Life," written by 
Pastor Charles Wagner of the leading modern Prot- 
estant church of Paris, France. I remember with 
what eagerness we all read this little book; for both 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 

teachers and students at Juniata College, in Hunting- 
don, soon discovered a beautiful note of harmony be- 
tween the author's ideas of the simplicity of the Chris- 
tian life and the simplicity of the religion of Jesus 
Christ, as interpreted by the Brethren. And as I 
take down my own copy of this once widely-read 
little book, I am reminded of the time when the ex- 
ceptionally idealistic spirit of the late Professor 
David Emmert, prompted him to present quite a num- 
ber of us with copies of this work. Over and over 
again we remarked to one another something of the 
appreciation which we found in the fact that the 
Christian world was recognizing in the French preach- 
er's message the very essence of the teachings of the 
Christ himself. 

During that same winter it was my pleasure to hear 
Pastor Wagner himself, as, in very broken English, 
but with a heart all aglow with love for all mankind, 
he fairly wept in his sincere appeals before a large 
audience of preachers and teachers that we all should 
" become as little children," just as Christ had said 
we should do. Never can I erase the impression and 
the reflection of that happy day; for I had visions 
of the speedy acceptance of this revised Scriptural 
message on the part of all who had named the name 
of Christ. 

Well, well, — what does all this introduction mean 
to the subject upon which I am to write? I don't 
know, brethren, but somehow the very mention of the 
simple life in Christ Jesus makes me think of that 
good man, Pastor Wagner, who was the means of 
reconverting me to my own professed religion, at a 
point in my life when I was not so sure as I have 
been since, that the doctrine we profess is still needed 
by the human race, and is actually possible of reali- 
zation in human character. 

And right here, lest I be misunderstood, I beg to 
say that the simple life as I conceive it, is Christian 
character reduced to its finest essence. It may man- 
ifest itself in the solemn style of speech or in the 
popular dialect of the people, or in the finer and more 
rhetorical language of the scholastics. A smoker, 
chewer, drinker, swearer, dancer, gambler, or general 
sport, whether man or woman, could not possibly 
claim to be leading the simple life, because the simple 
life admits of no abnormalities,— all these habits are 
abnormal. At the same time be sure of this, that 
abstinence from any one, or some, or all, of these 
carnal practices, does not insure that one is in the 
way of the simple life. A man of exceedingly simple 
dress, speech, habits and domestic surroundings may 
be so because of his environments, because of his 
scanty purse, because of his stinginess, or because 
of his smallness of soul, in presuming to pass his 
outward life off for the fulfillment of Christ's simple 
gospel truth; and at the same time that same man 
may envy, hate, lie, cheat, misrepresent, be guilty of 
immoralities, care nothing at all about his own per- 
sonal relations to God through Christ, and, in short, 
be entirely devoid of any active spiritual virtue. 

As I think about my appointed task, to show how 
this simple life, this essential Christian attitude of 
heart and mind may be demonstrated in the public 
school, I find myself hesitating at first, for although 
the public school is not a religious institution, and this 
matter of the simple life is essentially religious, if 
it is anything at all, in what field of human activity 
may one find any more hopeful opportunity for the 
unconscious and indirect propagation of trie simple 
life than in the spiritually fertile soil of the public 
school ? I say " spiritually fertile soil " advisedly, in 
spite of the fact that many of my teacher friends may 
maintain that there is no actual or possible religious 
opportunity in the public school life. 

But listen, oh, ye teachers of common subjects 
of the . ordinary school curriculum, have we so far 
strayed in our own If f e ' from the actual practice of 
the simple life, as it is in Christ Jesus, as to be unable 
to see any obligation resting upon us beyond the 
routine teaching of our particular subject or subjects? 
Are subjects, recitations, marks, promotions, reports, 
professional advancement, and pecuniary reward more 
precious than the characters of our boys and girls? 
No, no, I hear you all say, but we must not teach 
religion in the secular schools. Oh, let that pass, but 
wait, if the simple and sincere life of the true Son 

of God is not strongly and effectively radiated through 
us to these boys and girls, whom the state has bor- 
rowed from the homes of the land, and handed over 
to us, we are missing one of the most vital oppor- 
tunities for good ever presented to any group of 
human beings. And this is often the situation: In 
our fear that we may offend the state or the de- 
nominations represented in our schools, we have 
atrophied our own simple and one time very whole- 
some religious life; or perchance we have presumed 
to stand for God and his church, and yet have be- 
trayed the very name of teacher before the shrewdest 
and most exacting and most impressionable and 
naturally most sincere minds in the community, by 
doing the very things that give the lie to all our 

So the simple life, so far as its practice is con- 
cerned, as affecting the public school teacher, is the 
living of such a fine type of Christian life as is in- 
offensive from a sectarian point of view and yet so 
sincere and consistent, from a purely Christian point 
of view, as to compel the respect and admiration of all 
students and fellow-teachers. Rashness of temper or 
method, in the disciplining of students, an undue in- 
terest in athletics to the exclusion of interest in the 
higher forms of student activity, a failure to control 
one's feelings in the midst of those very heated dis- 
cussions for which faculty meetings are famous, the 
teacher's open or secret pursuit of questionable social 
or domestic relations, and anything that gives the lie 
to the profession of the Christian religion, on the part 
of the teacher, is not only the source of weakness in 
the teacher's influence for good upon the students, 
but is also contrary to that simple life which is es- 
sential in the teacher if he would preserve his nerves 
and his soul. 

But perhaps it is to the simple life among the chil- 
dren and young people of our public schools to which 
we should address ourselves. Here it is impossible 
for me to speak without involving those who are 
really more truly responsible; but if only the spirit 
of the simple life might lay hold upon the parents 
of our school boys and girls ! It. is the parents and 
the ideals of the community that must be censured 
for the foolish and uncomfortable and unhealthy and 
expensive dressing of the American school-girl, with 
such fussy arrangements of the hair, especially, as 
to render her at no moment sufficiently unconscious of 
it to really apply her mind to her school tasks. It is 
the parents and the community ideals, again, that 
must be censured for the all-too-common and costly 
and injurious habit of cigarette smoking among 
school-boys. The simple charm of innocent girlhood 
and the splendid development of virile young man- 
hood, under the direction of pure-minded and in- 
telligent teachers, are all sacrificed on the altar of 
our forced, nervous, superficial, giddy, sporty, and 
meaningless civilization, and few, indeed, are the 
sane men and women, in the school work and out of 
it, that do not long in their souls that the city and 
town youth, especially, might have the opportunity 
of the simple living conditions that surrounded the 
simple school-life of the rural child a quarter century 

Oh no, I do not say that those schools, or those 
courses of study, or the teachers, were better than 
the school and courses and teachers of today: We'll 
leave that discussion for some purely educational 
paper. What I am aiming to present is the moral, 
ethical, cultural, or spiritual tone of the public school 
life, as it is produced by the complex of the lives of 
the students who go to graded schools of towns and 
cities especially. No, no, don't mistake me again, 
these boys and girls are not essentially and inherently 
so bad. It is the lack of the conditions of the simple 
life, guided by some higher moral or spiritual prin- 
ciple, that affects them. They need to be made aware 
of the sacredness and the seriousness of life and time. 
They must stop the nickelodeon, candy-party, athlet- 
ics, and street-gadding life, if their school-life is to 
mean anything to themselves or to their families, or 
to the state, or to the churches into which, in most 
instances, they have been unconsciously baptized. 
And while this theme of the simple life, in its truly 
religious sense, may have seemed rather far removed 
from any relationship to the public school, I trust 

that we may all see somewhat more clearly how very 
necessary it is, right now, for the serious spirit of 
Jesus Christ's simple Gospel to get hold of parents, 
teachers and public school children if we are to grow 
closer to a realization of his kingdom on earth. 

Life is a precious heritage from the Father of Life, 
and the normal living of life, under wholesome con- 
ditions of body, mind and spirit, is nothing else than 
the realization, of God's purpose in placing us upon 
the earth. If the institutions of our civilization that 
are designedly planned to develop life along right 
lines, such as the church and the school, are to be 
thwarted in their purpose by these all-too-complex 
and abnormal and purely sensual conditions of living 
in which the school-children take so large a part, is 
it not plain that the school and the church are being 
immeasurably thwarted in their purpose? Surely, we 
people who justly pride ourselves in the possession 
of larger measures of pleasure and profit in the simple 
life, than others even seem to care for, much less to 
experience, will do well to guard the simplicity of 
our lives with jealous care, so that those of us, who 
are teachers, and those of us who send pupils to 
school, may not contribute anything to this current 
of worldliness that threatens the very existence of 
the simple life in the public schools. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

« » ■ 

The Southern Ohio Sunday-school Teachers' 



The eleventh annual Sunday-school Teachers' In- 
stitute of Southern Ohio was held in the Brethren 
church, at Greenville, Dec. 23 to 27, 1912. The 
weather throughout was ideal, the interest very good 
and the attendance never better. 

Our instructors were Brethren James M. Moore, 
Otho Winger and S. S. Blough. None of these 
brethren had been with us in Institute work before. 
Bro. Moore was with us full time and gave ten 
addresses, including two evening addresses, on the 
following subjects: One on "Christian Manhood," 
one on " Christian Adornment," one on " The Prayer 
Veil," two on " New Testament Church Ordinances," 
two on " Bible Study Methods Illustrated," and 
three on " Class and Pulpit Illustrations." 

Bro. Winger was with us the first half of the In- 
stitute, and gave five addresses, including one evening 
address on the following five subjects: "The Apos- 
tolic Church," "The Ante-Nicene Church Fathers," 
"The General Church Councils," "The Church of 
the Reformation," and " The Christian Church " (ser- 

Bro. Blough was with us the last half of the In- 
stitute, and gave five addresses on the following 
subjects: "Teacher-Training with the Great Teach- 
er," "Principles and. Methods in .Teaching," "The 
Mission of the Sunday-school" (sermon), "The At- 
tractive Session," and "The Teachers' Lesson 

All of these brethren had their subjects well at 
their command and every address was delivered in a 
creditable manner. The discussion of the above 
twenty topics gave a wide range of information, 
which was appreciated not only by Sunday-school 
teachers and officers, but by many ministers and 
Sunday-school and church workers in general. 

A little wooden box, provided by Sister David 
Hollinger, and which she brought from Jerusalem, 
served as the " Query Box." This received a liberal 
supply of queries, relating mainly to the topics of 
the speakers. At stated periods these were dis- 
cussed, which added to the interest of the Institute. 
At the suggestion of Bro. Chas. Flory, Moy Gwong, 
one of our Chinese brethren of Bethany. Bible School, 
Chicago, was present, and contributed to the interest 
of the meeting. He "sang a few songs in his native 
tongue, and told, in fairly good English, the story 
of his conversion, about four years ago. His picture 
of the condition of his countrymen, in idolatrous 
darkness, touched the hearts of his hearers. His 
appeal for our help was impressive. He showed how 
we may have a part in bringing the true light to these 
people, (1) By consecrating our own lives; (2) By 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 


consecrating our money; (3) By our united prayers. 

This year, just as in some previous years, Christ- 
mas came right in the midst of our Institute. The 
attendance and interest went on, however, just the 
same. Many of our people have learned that it is 
better to feast on that which helps the inner man than 
on the popular indulgences of Christmas Day. In 
the evening of Christmas Day about one hour was 
given to a Christmas praise service, consisting mainly 
of several special songs, and -a verse service on the 
life and works of Christ. 

At each of our Institutes all present are invited to 
register their names in a large book, provided for 

that purpose. This year we find that 540 names are 
recorded. Of these 30 are superintendents, 54 ad- 
vanced teachers, 44 intermediate teachers, and 24 
primary teachers. Several other State Districts were 
represented. The people of Greenville are to be com- 
plimented for the splendid hospitality accorded to this 
large gathering of Sunday-school workers. 

It will be remembered that they entertained a 
similar gathering seven years ago, at about the same 
date, when the enrollment was 384. 

Invitations for the 1913 Institute, Dec. 22 to 26, are 
in order. 

R. D. 2,. Greenville, Ohio. 

Character Sketches from 
My Jungle Home 

By NORA E. BERKEBILE (Late Missionary in India) 

No. 8. — Setabai, — My Agra Neighbor. 
Junnebai came running in, almost breathless, and 
said, "Arrah, Madam Saheb, what do you think! 
Setabai has a baby." 

"No," I cried, "when did it come?" 
"Last night! A little baby girl! Will you go to 
see it?" 

" I surely will, as soon as I have chota hazara." 
After eating breakfast I went across the road to 
see Setabai and the baby. 

She was up, getting breakfast, and the baby was 
lying on a blanket by the side of the little stove. I 
must not fail to mention here that Setabai only had 
one room, so I could do nothing else but go in where 
she was cooking. I stood at the door and she in- 
vited me in, so I felt at liberty to go. 

" Setabai, why are you not in bed ? Why are you 
up? You should not be working now. When was 
baby born ?" 

"About four o'clock, Madam Saheb,'\she replied. 
" Well, you must go back to bed," I said. 
" Well, who will do the work if I go to bed? There 
is no one to do it but me." 

" But how do you feel? Surely you are not strong 

She laughed and said, "Tm all right; I am not 

From all appearances she was not and in a little 
while I w'ent home, while she prepared and ate her 
breakfast. She was soon at work, busy as ever, and 
seemed happier than she had been for many a day. 
Her husband had not been kind to her. One day I 
stood at the front door and saw him kick her out, 
beat her with his fists and pull her hair until he was 
commanded by the Saheb to stop. She came over 
for ointment for her bruises and I noticed, as I 
bathed her shoulders and back, that the blood was 
oozing through the skin where he had pounded her. 
I asked if he ever did that before and she said, " O 
yes, Madam Saheb, he beats me lots of times." 

I never saw him beat her after that. Perhaps he 
feared his white neighbors across the road. 

Had that happened to an American woman, she 
would have gone to the courts and applied for a 
divorce. Divorces, however, are not permitted in 
India on account of incompatibility of temper, and no 
matter how vicious a wife may be, a man is not al- 
lowed to put her away, simply to marry another. 
Only for the cause of adultery can a Hindu put away 
his wife. Only -the most degraded of the lower 
castes will violate this rule, if it is violated at alt. 
And if these rules are so strict with the men, they 
are much more so with the women, and it would 
certainly be much out of the usual for a woman to 
apply for a divorce. 

The higher caste Hindus, who read English papers, 
look with contempt upon the divorce laws of Chris- 
tian countries, and well they may, for it makes the 
missionary blush with shame, when called to task, by 
the educated Hindu, on this' question. 

So all Setabai could" do was to suffer the blows. 
Even though the baby was a girl, it seemed to help 

restore peace in the household and she was quite 
happy fondling her little one. 

Among the higher castes a new mother must live 
apart for a whole month or more, for like the Jews 
she is considered unclean; but I notice that Setabai 
staid in the house and did her cooking. Their poverty 
made it necessary, I suppose. 

The house and all who live in it are unclean for 
ten days, after a child has been born there. On the 

after a precious stone. They often take the name of 
a god or goddess. 

A pretty child may get a very ugly name. They 
think the gods will not be so quick to injure it if it 
has an ugly name.' 

"Moti" means a pearl, " Rutna " means a jewel, 
" Dugerde " means a stone. " Khali " is a name given 
in honor of the goddess of that name. " Fhulvanti " 
means a rose " Sundr " means beautiful. " Roma," 
" Vishnu," " Shua," " Krishna," etc., are names for 
boys, and are also names of prominent gods. 

One fine young man near us was called Barl- 
krushni and means "The Child Krishna." 

Setabai got her name from the wife of the god 
Rama. Bai is used as a suffix, and denotes woman, 
or sister, in some languages. 

The native Christians are beginning to give their 
children B ible names or such names as " Fa i 1 1 1 , " 
" Hope," " Peace," " Joy," etc., and a very good 
custom it is, too. 

Setabai did not have a baby's wardrobe She made 
a cradle out of its father's old doti or trousers, a 
rope and two nails. 

She put a strand of blue beads around its neck, a 
bracelet on each wrist, and an anklet on one ankle. 
Then the little miss was dressed fit to meet the Saheb, 
Madam Saheb, or the chief man in the village. When 
the cooler weather came, she wanted a dress. Madam 
Saheb had a machine, so why not ask her to sew a 
dress? Baby got the dress, but seldom wore it. 
" Who has time to dress a baby every day ?" the 
mother said. " It gets its food and its bath ; what 
more does it need?" "What more?" the rest of the 
neighbors said, so baby rolled around on its blanket 
on the floor or slept in its cradle in the corner, cried 
and cooed and grew fat and happy day by day. 
Defiance, Ohio. 

(To Be Continued.) 


eleventh day all the clothing and the house are 
cleansed. A priest, or some man set apart for special 
religious ceremonies, sprinkles the house and the in- 
mates with sacred water, but the mother, of course, 
is still unclean until the month has past. 

As I think over it, I must have shown bad manners, 
for calling on Setabai when I did. I should have 
waited until the day of naming, when they invited me. 

On the twelfth day is the nama-karma ceremony. 
I have never been fortunate enough to be able to 
attend. Darkabai and Setabai both invited me to the 
naming of their babies, but something always pre- 

I must describe this, as it was given to me by a 

The father invites his friends, and they all offer 
sacrifice. The father holds the child, and with a 
ring he writes in a dish of rice the name of the day, 
the day of the moon, the constellation under which 
the child was born, and finally the name he wishes 
to give the child. He calls the child three times by 
this name. 

When this is ended, he gives betel to the Brahmins 
who are present, and they all take their place at the 
feast, which has been prepared. Betel is again of- 
fered at the close of the feast, and he also offers 
presents if he is rich enough. The mother is not 
present because of her uncleanness. 

Darkabai sent me some sweetmeats from the feast, 
so also did Babboo's mother; no doubt through the 
pleading of Babboo, but I have not introduced him 
to you yet, I believe. 

Sometimes children are named after the day of 
the week on which they were born, and sometimes 

We arc constantly reminded oE the brevity of life and 
llie certainty of death. Surely the psalmist was right 
when lie said, "Life is as a shadow," Man is horn into 
this world, is upon the stage of action for a few years, 
and then passes into the great beyond forever, How for- 
tunate, indeed, is he who has the assurance of having done 
God's will upon the earth, when he passes through the 
"valley of the shadow of death"! He is gone, but his in- 
fluence and example remain behind to comfort and guide 
others on life's highway. * 

Thus has Bro. Abram Gratur left us, bestowing upon 
us who remain a splendid Christian example— one (hat we 
may well emulate. 

Bro. Grater was born Sept. 12, 1845, at Limerick, Mont- 
gomery County, Pa. In 1868 he was married to Hannah 
Spare, to which union were born nine children, — seven 
sons and two daughters. Two of the sons are now active 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Bro. Grater moved to Malvern, 111., in 1875. Here he 
was called to the office of deacon about 1880. Several 
years later he was called to the ministry and was ordained 
elder about 1892. 

In 1896 Bro. Grater removed to Pennsylvania, locating 
at Royersford. While in Pennsylvania Bro. Grater served 
as elder of the following churches: Mingo, Norristown 
and Germantown. He was the elder of the latter church 
until a few. weeks before his death. 

Bro. Grater died in the hounds of the Norristown church 
Nov. 14, 1912. His death was caused hy a paralytic stroke. 

The funeral services were conducted at the Mingo 
church by the writer, assisted by Bro. Chas. F. McKce. 
The large concourse of people which assembled to pay 
their last respects to Bro. Grater bespeak the high esteem 
in which he was held by those who knew him best. 

Norristown, Pa., Dec. 28.' E. M. Dctwilcr. 


Christmas Day was a very pleasant and happy one for 
the children. The presents and the dinner were furnished 
by Denver friends, — brethren and sisters, upon whose 
hearts has been laid the burden of the work. A Mr. Rob- 
ert Gray donated six dollars. 

Brother and Sister Spencer gave the children good, 
helpful lessons on Christmas and what it means to us and 
the world. While there are many things that hinder and 
discourage our work, there are also many things that 
strengthen and encourage us. We feel that God is bless- 
ing the work and that the children are developing spirit- 
ually as well as mentally. The one desire and prayer of 
our hearts is that we may be instruments in the Lord's 
hands to train them for his service and glory. Will you 
help us by your earnest prayers to this end? 

Arvada, Colo., Jan. 4. Nellie Morgan, Matron. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 


Death of Elder David Neff. 


Last Friday morning, at eleven o'clock, Eld. David 
Neff, of Roann, Ind., passed to his final rest. He 
was born in Franklin County, Va., April 15, 1827, 
died at his home in Roann Dec. 27, 1912, aged eighty- 
five years, eight months and twelve days. He was 
the youngest son of David and Mary Neff, and the 
youngest of thirteen children. All of them preceded 
him to his spirit world. His parents died before he 
was nineteen years old. At the age of twenty-two 
he came to Indiana, where he has since resided. 
Jan. 17, 1852, he was united in marriage to Hannah 
Fisher, of Mexico, Ind. To this union were born 
four children. Two of them survive. The same year 
of their marriage he and his wife united with the 
Church of the Brethren, and continued in the faith. 

In a short time after identifying themselves with 
the church, Bro. Neff was called to the deacon's 
office. Soon after that he was called to the ministry, 
and in 1870 he was ordained to the eldership. He 
presided successfully over the Roann church for about 
twenty years. He preached a large number of 
funerals, and united in marriage a large number of 
people. He served as a member of the Standing 
Committee, at the Annual Conference, three times. 
He was elected moderator at District Meeting the 
fourth time. In Aug. 22, 1S94, Mother Neff passed 
to her reward. Bro. Neff was united in marriage to 
Sister Anna C. White July 11, 1899. She also passed 
away Jan. 12, 1905. Aug. 25, 1907, he was married 
to Susie Trump, who survives him. He leaves a 
faithful companion, one daughter, the wife of Eld. 
Dorsey Hodgden, of Dayton, Ohio, one son, Eld. 
Henry J. Neff, of South Whitley, Ind., eight grand- 
children, and nine great-grandchildren. He had a 
large circle of friends. Father was totally blind for 
fifteen years, but bore it all with Christian patience. 
The funeral took place at the old Brick church at 
Roann. It was one of the largest congregations that 
ever gathered there. Services were conducted by 
Eld. J. D. Rife, assisted by Eld. J. E. Warren. Text, 
Deut. 12: 9. 

Roann, Ind. 

Lend a Helping Hand. 


Our room is well filled at the preaching services. 
We have an average attendance of sixty-seven in 
Sunday-school. During the past quarter nine ac- 
cepted Christ through baptism, and one has been re- 
stored. We feel that others are near the fold. May 
God continue his blessings upon us, and especially 
upon the young folks that are talcing such an active 
part in the Christian Workers' Meeting. 

A very interesting program was rendered on Christ- 
mas Eve. Our mission room was filled to its full 
capacity. We rejoice that our members have not 
forgotten the needy in this city. We are also glad 
that some effort is being made toward a new church 
building for the work at this place. We are greatly 
in need of a place that we may dedicate unto the 
Lord, and call it our own. Any members in our 
District that would like to assist the Mission Board 
by donations toward the new church at this place will 
please address Bro. C. Walter Warstler, 902 Sutton 
Avenue, Grand Rapids, Mich., who is our pastor. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 

" But he that had received one went and digged in 
the earth, and hid his lord's money." He made no 
effort in his master's behalf,— he gained nothing. 

On the master's return, he soon learned what was 
done during his absence. The two faithful servants 
received the same reward. The man who gained two 
talents got as much as the man who gained five, for 
had he not. been equally faithful, and gained 100%? 

The man with the one talent was not expected to 
gain five, or even two talents. His duty was to do the 
best in his power "according to his ability," and 
gain 100%. Then his master would have said to him 
also, "Well done, thou good and faithful servant; 
thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make 
thee ruler over many things; enter thou into the joy 
of thy lord." Instead of this the verdict was, " Thou 
wicked and slothful servant." " And cast ye the un- 
profitable servant into outer darkness." 

The reward is not for the amount accomplished, 
but for faithfulness, according to our several ability. 

Trevilian, Va. 

Turn and God Will Receive You. 


" If thou wilt return unto me and keep my com- 
mandments," is the condition on which God will re- 
ceive the erring one. He is a covenant-keeping God, 
and he will have his children be true to their bap- 
tismal vows,— true to the precious name they bear. 

The other day I was looking over some old papers,, 
and in a leading religious journal I read a good il- 
lustration of this. A Christian lady visited the police 
court in New York City, and saw, among the prison- 
ers, a girl whose parents were among the most re- 
spectable people in her own village. She went to the 
people and pleaded for the daughter. The father 
said : " Yes, I will forgive her gladly, if she will ask 
it, and promise to amend her life. I can not have her 
at home to corrupt her sisters, but if she will stop 
drinking, and quit her evil ways, she may come back. 
I will never reproach her, nor make any difference 
in my treatment of her from the other children." 
The lady returned to New York and sought the girl 
to give, her the glad message ; but, strange to say, the 
girl refused to return. She had grown to love her 
sins, and, by her own obstinacy, excluded herself 
from her father's home. 

So it is with every sinner. He must comply with 
the conditions of the Gospel plan, if he would be 
restored to fellowship with God. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

Brethren Home, Greenville, Ohio. 


Another year has passed and brought to us the 
beginning of a new year. During the year three 
brethren, Win. Howdshell, Frank McKeefer and J. 
B. Eller, and one sister, Mattie Paul, have crossed 
the river of death. At present we have thirty-two 
old people and four children in the Home. The health 
is good, considering the advanced age of most of the 
veterans. There are nine to whom meals are carried. 

During the Holidays the Sunday-school Institute 
was held in the Greenville church, which brought 
quite a number of members to visit the Home (about 
seventy-five). A number of them brought little gifts 
for the aged people and children. It does them so 
much good to feel that they are still being remem- 
bered by loved ones. We were also remembered by 
three of the leading merchants with donations. 
. Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

One Hundred Per Cent. 


On the eve of a journey a man called his servants 
and delivered unto them his goods. To one " he gave 
five talents, to another two,, and to another one; to 
every man according to his several ability." 

The first servant did the very best he could with 
the treasure in his care, " and made them other five 
talents,"— 100%. 

The second servant did the best he could, and " he 
also gained other two," — 100%. 

A Call to Action. 


Let us all rise up and shake ourselves. I feel sure 
that there never was, in the history of the church, 
such an opportunity for doing good as this year, 
1913. Now let us all put forth our best and strongest 
powers, by fasting and prayer, living close to God. 
Let us outwardly and inwardly, rich and poor, learned 
and illiterate, big. and little, old and young, — I mean 
all, as a solid Brotherhood, — put our shoulders to the 
wheel and do our best for Jesus, who died for us ! 

We will soon see what can he done. The opportuni- 
ties never were so great, privately and publicly, for 
working in the fear of the Lord, with a cool head 
but a warm heart. I am sure there would soon be 
a visible change in our church. 
3435 V an Buren St., Chicago, III. 

Old People's Home, Marshalltown, Iowa. 


WE had a very pleasant Christmas here at the 
Home. All the old people were in usual health, and 
all seemed to be so happy. They were remembered 
by kind hearts with treats of various kinds, which 
they all enjoyed to the fullest extent. We herein 
make mention of the gifts sent to the old people by 
the sisters of the Waterloo church. They extend 
their thanks for the same. We also wish -to thank 
the sisters who have so kindly responded to the call 
for sheets and pillow-cases. We have plenty of them 
now. May our dear Father abundantly bless you all 
for your kindness ! 

Marshalltozvn, Iowa, Jan. 3. 


The Boys Who Were Carried Captive. 

Part 2.— Their Trial and Employment (Dan. 1: 8-21.) 

For Sunday Evening, January 26, 1913. 

I. Their First Trial. — 1. The promising features of the 
king's offer (v. 5). 2. Daniel's resolution (v. 8). (a) 
What it was. (b) Why? (c) Its result. (1) Divine fa- 
vor (v. 9, 17). (2) The result of this (v. 9). 3. The fear 
of their master (v. 10). Why did not Daniel fear the 
same things? 4. Daniel's action, (a) A request for a 
trial of ten days (v. 11-13). This was gentle, courteous 
and kind, (b) The result (v. 14). 5. The result of the 
trial (v. IS, 16). Did God help in this trial? Why? 
Which is the proper name for this Hebrew young man, 
Daniel or Belteshazzar? Why? 

II. Their Employment (Dan. 1: 17-21).— 1. Their attain- 
ments in learning (v. 17). Why? 2. Their test before 
the king (v. 18). 3. Their great acceptance with the king 
(v. 19, 20), (a) The result of their test, (b) Worked in 
very presence of the king. 4. How long Daniel continued 
(v. 21). Why? 5. Later promotions (Dan. 2: 47-49) 
Did God help to this? Why? 


Getting the Most from Prayer. 

Psa. 34: 1-22. 

For Week Beginning January 26, 1913. 

1. Prayer Demands Absolute Dependence Upon God. — 
"My soul shall make her boast in Jehovah" (verse 2). If 
the soul is to make her boast in God, there must be a 
complete surrender to him. The relationship must be 
such that there is reason for our boasting. There must 
be intimacy, confidence, friendship (1 Chron. 16: 11; Psa. 
27: 8; 105: 3; Isa. 55: 6; Philpp. 4: 6). 

2. Mutual, United Prayer. — "O magnify the Lord with 
me; and let us exalt his name together" (verse 3). There 
is much power in .united prayer, the fervent petitions of 
kindred spirits who have proved God and are ready to 
make their boast in him (Eph. 6: 18; 1 Thess. 5: 17, 18; 
1 Tim. 2: 8; Heb. 4: 16). 

3. Blessed Assurance in Prayer.— "This poor man cried, 
and Jehovah heard him and saved him out of all his 
troubles" (verse 6). The consciousness that God will 
hear and answer prayer is one of the guarantees of bless- 
ing; it is one of the assurances that brings joy to the heart 
and makes it a vehicle of blessing (2 Chron. 7: 14; Psa. 
145: 18; Matt. 7: 7, 8; Rom. 8: 26). 

4. God's Protection Through Prayer. — "The angel of 
the Lord encampeth round about them that fear him, and 
delivereth them" (verse 7). There is a refuge from "every 
stormy wind that blows," but it is only found at the 
mercy-seat. Every wayside Bethel may be a "house of 
God," — the very gate of heaven to our waiting souls 
(Job 33: 26; Psa. 32: 6; 50: 14, 15; 55: 16; James 4: 8). 

5. Prayer Proclaims God*s Goodness. — "Oh, taste and 
see that Jehovah is good" (verse 8). The prayer spirit is 
a spirit of invitation, desiring others to test God's good- 
ness. Prayer is not selfish. Knowing God's goodness by 
practical experience, the earnest soul blesses itself by 
urging others to "taste and see that God is good" (Matt. 
21: 22; Heb. 10: 22; James 1: 5; 5: 14-16; 1 John 5: 14). 

6. Heart Purity Essential to Power in Prayer. — "Keep 
thy tongue from' evil, and thy lips from speaking guile. 
Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace and pursue it" 
(verses 13 and 14). Trie man who desires life and the 
things that are really worth while, must be pure in God's 
sight, to gain power in prayer, and to prevail (Col. 4: 2; 
Job 8: 5; Psa. 9: 10; 10: 17). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 



Save Them For the Nation. 

Christian, dost thou see them 

Coming to our shores. 
Men from every nation 

Knocking at our doors? 
Christian, up and meet them, . 

Meet them ere they're lost; 
Save them for the nation, 

Save them by the Cross. 

Christian, dost thou know .them, 

Brothers by his grace, 
Clothed in dark-skinned bodies 

Of another race? 
Christian, up and save them, 

Save them ere they're lost; 
Save them for the nation, 

Save them by the Cross. 

Christian, dost thou hear them, 

Children in the night, 
Crying for their birthright, 

Toiling day and night? 
Christian, up and save them 

At whatever cost; 
Save them for the nation, 

Save them by the Cross. 

Christian, dost thou feel them. 

Souls weighed down by sin, 
Living in the darkness 

Where no light comes in? 
Christian, up and save them 

Save them ere they're lost; 
Save them for the nation, 

Save them by the Cross. 

— J. R. Paddock, in Missionary Survey. 

Lay Down Your Burden. 


In the Book of Second Kings we find that a home 
in the city of Shunem was made happy by the advent 
of a son. When the boy was grown, he went into 
the harvest field one day, among the reapers. He 
was taken sick, and his father commanded the men 
to carry the boy to his mother.' She held him in her 
arms until he died. Then she laid him on the bed 
in the prophet Elisha's room. Leaving him there she 
shut the door and went out. 

We do not find that this mother wept or had any 
hired mourners' come to take their place by the body 
of her dead" son. She asked her husband for permis- 
sion to take one of the young men with her on a 
hurried journey to Mt. Carmel, to see Elisha. 

The mother journeyed to Mt. Carmel, where Elisha 
listened to her pleadings, and came with her to Shun- 

We do not find that this heart-broken mother said 
very much. She made no outcry, no complaint but 
with rare courage and fortitude she left everything 
in the prophet's hands. She was helpless in this hour 
of grief, but the prophet of God was powerful, so 
Elisha and the dead boy were left together, and we 
are glad to find that her self-control and her faith 
were rewarded, and that the dead boy was restored 
to life and given back to his mother. 

We wonder whether many of us would do as she 
did. Are we capable of taking our burdens, our 
troubles, to the Lord, and then leaving them at his 
feet? Do we tell him about our worries and carry 
a song away? If we do, we have the secret of hap- 
piness. Our hours and days will be free from care 
and worry. There will be no nervous breakdown, no 
distorted imagination conjuring up fears, terrors, and 
crowding the unknown future with disaster.. 

When I was a child, an old man used fo frequent 
our neighborhood, who was a terror to us children, 
though he never harmed any of us. He came to 
the house regularly and always asked for a penny. 
Tliis peculiarity earned for him the name "Old 
Penny." Others called him " Old Ya'as," because he 
answered " Ya'as " to almost any question. His 
hair was long and disheveled, and on his back he 
carried a big bundle. We never knew what could 
be in the bundle, unless it were old clothes. But 
whatever was inside the old bundle, this was true, — 
he kept it on his back. No matter how hot the day. 
lie trudged on with the perspiration rolling off his 

face in streams, — his burden fast held between his 
shoulders. He seemed to think there was nothing 
gained by putting it down, so he carried it constantly. 

Are we any wiser? If we cling to our burden, and 
let our friends see how terribly heavy and galling it 
is, thus depressing their spirits, we are doing just 
what " Old Penny " was doing. 

One old aunty is telling any one who will 
listen, the extent of the rheumatic trouble which 
threatened to render her helpless in her old age, and 
then, how should she live when her bank account 
was so small? 

"Auntie, please forget about it for just one day!" 
advised a young friend. 

"What would be the use in that?" asked auntie. 
" I'd have to take up the worry again when night 
come, you can't unload a thing like this!" 

Poor auntie ! She honestly thought so. But what 
a dread she was to those who kindly meant to help 
her! If only they need not listen to the tale of her 

The came! of the desert is wiser. When nightfall 
comes, he kneels down, to have the packs removed 
from his back. 

"The camel, at the close of day, 
Kneels down upon the sandy plain 

To have his guide remove his load, 
And rest to gain. 

"The camel kneels at break of day 
To have his 'guide replace his load, 

Then riseth up anew to take 
The desert road." 

In "The Bridge," Longfellow speaks of a burden 
that he carried : 

"But now it has fallen from me, 

It lies buried in the sea, 
And only the sorrows of others 

Cast a shadow over me." 

Oh believe it, if you cast your burden upon the 
Lord, he will sustain you. Lay down the pack, rest 
awhile, and trust in the great Burden-bearer! 

Covington, Ohio. 

. » ■ 

Our last council was hel3 on the evening of Dec. 26, 
at 7 P. M., the Mission Board of the State District meet- 
ing with us. Several letters of membership were granted. 
One of our Sunday-school superintendents, — Sister Crook, 
—and her husband, have moved to the Howard church. 

Both of our Sunday-schools were reorganized, as was 
also our Christian Workers' Society. Bro. B. Hirt was 
chosen as superintendent of the Michigan Avenue school, 
and Bro. Edwin Zimmerman for the Twelfth Street 
school. An election for a minister and two deacons was 
then held, resulting in Bro. Benjamin Hirt being chosen 
to the ministry, and Brethren Otto Morrow and Win. 
Zimmerman were selected as deacons. Bro. Chas. Obcr- 
Iin was then ordained to the full ministry, after which he 
and his wife, Bro. Hirt and his wife, and Bro. Morrow, 
were received into their respective offices. Bro. Zimmer- 
man was not present. 

One was baptized the day of the council meeting, and 
one was received into the church on Thanksgiving even- 
ing. For these additions we are thankful. Pray for us! 
j an _ 2. Josephine Hanna. 

■ m ■ 

We met in council Dec. 28, with Bro. Irving Haughtelin 
presiding. There being three houses for each of which to 
provide a janitor, chorister, correspondent, etc., the work 
of this council is greatly increased. The three former 
correspondents were retained. For the Panora house, Bro. 
0. W. Diehl was chosen janitor; Bro. C. B. Bagwell, 
church chorister, and Bro. G. C. Barcus on tfie Cemetery 
Committee. All these succeeded themselves. Bro. E. F. 
Caslow was chosen presidipg elder for one year. The 
Ministerial Committee, Brethren Wm. Cordis, J. C. Bar- 
cus and E. F. Caslow, were chosen to serve one, two, and 
three years, respectively. A Sunday-school Board was 
also chosen, consisting of the presiding elder, the church 
clerk and Bro. Irving Haughtelin, to organize the Sun- 
day-school. Bro. C. B. Reynolds was advanced to the 
second degree of the ministry. Bro. E. C. Trostle, of 
Panora, Iowa, was elected to the ministry. Elders J. B. 
Spurgeon and A. M. Stine, of the Panther Creek church, 
conducted the election and installation services, 

Heretofore there has been a Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing and preaching service at Yale every two weeks in the 
evening. At this council it was arranged to have a preach- 
ing service at Yale every two weeks in the afternoon. 
This gives preaching services at all three houses every 
Sunday, without interfering with any service. With the 
outgoing of the old year and the ushering in of the new 

we find new and increased duties and opportunities, with 
their attendant responsibilities. Our Father says: "My 
grace is sufficient for thee." J, D. Haughtelin. 

Panora, Iowa, Dec. 30. 



MEYEBSDALE, PA.— The Sisters' Aid Society of our church 
submits th'e following report: Received during the year, $t!1.03; 
paid out to a worthy brother nnd sister, $■>'. to the support of 
an India orphan, $20; to the Clilna Mission, ?5; for Messengers 
for the Brooklyn Mission, $5. Wo spent $11 for miscellaneous 
purposes, leaving a balance of $12.03. We reorganized on the 
last Saturday of 1912. The following officers .were elected: 
Sister Ellen Barndt. President; Sister Ida Pike, Secretary and 
Treasurer. — Ellen Barndt, Moyersdale, Pn., Jnn, G. 

UPPEB DUBIiIlT, PA, — The sisters of this congregation or- 
ganized nn Aid Society In November, 1011. We now hftVfi 
thirty-four members. We hold a meeting once each month. 
The amount of dues received was $17.90; donations, $13.77. 
We received for aprons made, $13.25; for sun-bonnets anil 
work-bags, $1.50; total, $-10.37. Our expenses were $7.9-1, leav- 
ing a balance of $3S,43. Our society has helped several needy 
families. The officers are Sister E. A. Brooks, President: Sis- 
ter 7,ella Weir, Vice-president; Sister A. M. Brunner. Treas- 
urer; the wrltor, Secretary; Sister Helen Schriber, Assistant 
Secretary. — Hannah M. Shoemaker, Ambler, Pa., Dec. 31, 

Cir/ied, rLI. — Our Dorcas Sisters' Aid Soelely met Dee, 
11, 1912, and elected officers for the next year, with Sister L. 
B. Watson. President; Sister Fred RIITcy, Vice-president; Sister 
Lizzie Stowo, Treasurer; the wrltor, Secretary. Twenty-five 
meetings were lield, with an average attendance of seven. We 
collected. $73.25 in cash during the year. We donated cash 
nnrt clothing to the noedv. Amounting to $43,35, besides $5 do- 
nated to the Kansas City Mission June 11, 1912, $5 to the SI. 
Joseph Mission, Mo., and $5 to tho Kansas City Mission as a 
Christmas offering. Wo also sent Messengers to four families, 
and have $25.16 in tho treasury. — (Mrs,) Anna Hall. Olrard. 
111., Jan. 1. 

SUGAR CREEK, IND.— Tho following Is a report of our 
Sisters' Aid Society for 1912: We held eleven meetings, and 
two called' meetings, Tho largest attondnneo wns sixteen, and 
our average attendance wns seven. Our work consisted mainly 
of piecing comforters and making bonnets. We knotted .seven 
comforters and quilted one quilt. We made find sold twenty- 
two bonnets. We received $(12.23 for the sale of comforters 
and bonnets. This amount also Includes -tho receipts from 
two sale dinners. Wo bought new carpet for our church- 
house, costing $31. Our expenses wore $24.41, We reorganized 
our socletv Dec. 1R, with Sister Sarah Reiff as President, and 
Sister Ella Elelds as Secretary-treasurer.— Oma A. Kreldcr, 
South Whitley, Ind.. Jan. 2. 

ELEZABETHTOWIT, PA.— Tho following I* a report of our 
Sisters' Aid' Society from Jnn. 10, 1912, to Jan. 1, 1913: We 
held twenty-two meetings, with a total attendance of 157, and 
nn average attendance of seven. Our work consisted of making 
159 sun-bonnets, preparing clothes for the poor nnd needy, 
and doing quilting 1 . Wo also helped to sow for an overworked 
sister. We sent a box of clothing lo Mt. Carmel, Pn. A box 
and a bale of clothing were sent to the Chicago Mission, We 
paid $20 for supporting an orphan In India. We also donated 
$15 to Elizabeth town College, and' paid $17,17 for llnoleni! 
the College kitchen. Amount of money for work done, 
free-will offerings, $71,80; expenditures, $51.50; balnnee on hand 
S20 20. The following officers are elected for the coming year: 
Sister Mary Rider, President; Sister Mnmlc Griffith, Treasurer; 
the writer, Secretary.— Lizzie W. Hoover, Ellzabothtown, Pa- 
Dee. 30. 

SUGAR CREEK, OHIO. — The following Is a report of our 
Sisters' and Friends' Aid Society for tho pnst year: Sixteen 
meetings were hold, with nn average attendance of fourteen, 
We received $5.03 as donations, birthday offerings $4.30. total 
amount received $54,74. The amount of tho Thanksgiving 
offering was $20, which wa-s sent to Manchester College In 
Indiana, to furnish a room In the Dormitory. Wo donnled 
$10 to the Chinese Mission In Chicago for underwear; and gave 
$5 to the Pleasant View church to purchase dishes, The Mes- 
senger was sent to three sisters for one year. During the year 
we paid out $55.57. We have $9.22 In the treasury at llm pres- 
ent time, Two boxes of clothing were sent to the poor, — one 
to Stanley, Wis., nnd the other one to Chicago. The following 
officers were elected for the coming six months: Sister Elsie 
Miller, President: Sister Anna E:ivov. Secretary; Sister Lizzie 
Driver, Treasurer In connection with our meetings we have 
organized a Girls' Afd Society, with an enrollment of twenty- 
Uwo members. They meet during the summer monlhs with 
Sister Annola Sheets as President. — Zoo Early, Lima, Ohio, 
Dec. 27. 

RUSH CREEK, OHIO. — Tho report of our Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety for 1912 Is as follows: Present enrollment, eighteen. Wo 

held thirteen meetings, with "an average attend/in. ! ntnfl 

members nnd three visitors. Almost the onlln- year fllolinOBH 
has been among us, and one sister was called away by death. 
Our work consisted of making two aprons, three bonnets, five 
comforters, preparing rags for four rugs, and quilting three 
quilta At the beginning of the year we had In the treasury 
$13 95- received bv dues, donations and work, (54.10; total 
receipts. $58.41; paid out for material, S7.83; gave for our 
pastor's support, $39; for the Annual Meeting collection, $5; 
for the. China Mission, $5; for the Chicago Mission, (1.20; 
total paid out. $53.03; balance In the treasury, $10,38. Dec. 
5 we elected nfller-rs Tor another year as follows: Sister Marin 
Stoner, President: Sister Lizzie Bagrwell, Vice-president; Sis- 
tor Ella Stoner. Secretary-treasurer; Sister Olivo Bagwell. 
Assistant Although we have met with some OlHOOuragcm< tits 
the past year, we reel that the Lord has been with us In our 
work, and we begin tho new year much encouraged— Anna 
Stnner, Secretary, Bremen, Ohio, Jan, 4. 

LORDSBURG, CAI. — The yearly report of our Sister. 1 Aid 
Society is as follows: We held forty-three all-day meetings, 
with an average attendance of twenty, and an average offering 
of SI 40, Money received for the year, $272.41; amount on 
hand Jan. 1, 1912, $7.80; making a total of $280.24. We paid 
out $230.94 for material and other things, and had on hand 
Tan 1 1913, $43.30. Wo gave to the Lords-burg College $50, 
to missions, $13: for a sewing-machine. $20.95. We received a 
new sewing-machine as a donation from our elder and others. 
We donated 230 second-hand garments and twelve new ones. 
We made the following articles: Thirty-nine comforters, ten 
quilts, fifty aprons, fifty-five prayer-coverings, twenty-two 
bonnets ten wall -pock els. twelve clothes-pin aprons, nine 
dresses, three crochet belts, seventeen stocking-bags, seven 
scissors-strings, hemmed two dozen napkins, one tablecloth, 
eight towels, and darned 213 pair of stockings. We paid $19.95 
for carpet for the church, bought a Bible for a poor family, 
worked nine days for the college, canning fruit, washing and 
mending comforters, and Betting the college In order for the 
school term. We gave a pledge for $100 a year to the Col- 
lege, beginning with May 1, 1912. and to continue for five 
years Wo also gave out eight baskets of Thanksgiving din- 
ners,' and a pound donation to a family of members. We also 
gave a Christmas pound donation to two families. New offi- 
cer* for 1913 are as follows: Sister Minnie G. Eby, President: 
Sister Lizzie Brubaker. Vice-president; Sister Lizzie Martin. 
Superintendent; the writer, Secretary-treasurer.— Jennie Kln- 
m>\ I.ordsburg, Cal., Jan. 4. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 

The Gospel Messenger 

Offloial Organ of the Church of the Brethren. 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission board. 

16 to 24 South State Street, Elgin, Illinois. 


Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C Early Penn Laird, Vs. 

Grant Mahan Omaja, Cuba. 

Business Manager, R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory committee, 

S. N. McCann, G. W. Lentz, P. R. Keltner. 

HP~AI1 business and communications intended for the paper should 
and not to any individual connected with it 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin. 111., as Second-class Matter. 

Our correspondent for the Licking Creek church, 
Pa., reports seven accessions. 

Since last report, five have been baptized and one 
reclaimed in the South St. Joseph church, Mo. 

At a meeting- held by Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson at 
Lenore, Idaho, five were led to put on. Christ in bap- 

The series of meetings, conducted by Bro. David 
McFadden, at Rawson, Ohio, closed with six acces- 

A revival meeting at Mexico, Ind., conducted by 
Bro. Peter Stuckman, resulted in eleven putting on 
Christ in baptism. 

During the series of meetings at East Berlin, Pa., 
conducted by Bro. Ralph W. Schlosser, seven were 
added to the church. 

The Elizabethtown (Pennsylvania) revival closed 
with five entering the fold, Bro. Rufus Bucher con- 
ducting the services. 

• Nine young people recently entered the fold, as 
the results of a series of meetings held at Mountain 
Grove, Va., by Bro. M. J: Cline. 

A revival at Woodbury, Pa., conducted by Bro. 
J. B. Miller, one of the home ministers, closed with 
ten putting on Christ in baptism. 

Bro. I. S. Long, of Port Republic, Va., writes us 
that he and Sister Long are hoping to be ready to 
return to India about the last of April. 

A series of meetings at Santa Fe, Ind., Bro. 
George Swihart doing the preaching, closed with nine 
baptized and one restored to fellowship. 

Later reports inform us that, during the late series 
of meetings at Osceola, Ind., ten were baptized, one 
reclaimed and two await the initiatory rite. 

On Monday of this week Bro. T. A. Eisenbise, of 
Chicago, accompanied by Bro. H. H. Wingert, of 
Kingsley, Iowa, called at the Messenger sanctum. 

Six of the Sunday-school scholars united with the 
church in the Snake Spring congregation, Pa., during 
revival services conducted by Bro. William Holsinger. 

Five came out on the Lord's side and were baptized 
during a series of meetings in the Big Creek church, 
Okla., conducted by Bro. Oliver Austin, of McPher- 
son, Kans. . 

Bro. Jacob C. Funderburgh, of Eustis, Fla., writes 
us that several families are settling in that part of the 
State, and that a well-attended Sunday-school has 
been organized. 

Bro. W. R. Holder, who has located at Montrose, 
Colo., says that he would be pleased to have any of 
our ministers, traveling through that part of the West, 
to stop off and hold a few meetings. He writes of the 
fine climate, beautiful country, and adds that it is a 
land of plenty. 

Bro. Isaac Frantz is doing some good work in 
Tennessee. During his recent series of meetings at 
Knob Creek sixteen were baptized and one was re- 
stored to church fellowship. Four await baptism. 

Bro. I. C. Snavely, who is spending some months 
in Bible Institute work in Washington, says that he 
finds a fine body of members wherever he goes, 
and that they are all interested in knowing more about 
the Bible. 

There are eight members without a minister, liv- 
ing at Brandon, Colo. Here is an opportunity for 
some earnest young preacher to do a good work that 
will be appreciated. Write Bro. I. W. Fasnaeht at 
the place named. 

We are told that a meeting, not yet reported, was 
held the latter part of November at Pleasant Hill, 
a mission point of the Daleville congregation, Va., 
and that eight made the good confession and were 
added to the church. 

Though mentioned in the list of Gish Fund Books, 
printed in the Brethren Almanac for 1913, the com- 
mittee can fill no more orders for the Minutes of the 
Annual Meeting. The edition is exhausted, and an- 
other will not likely be printed. 

Bro. W. H. Stutsman, who may be addressed at 
Pennant, Sask., Canada, says : " We are out here, 
seemingly alone, but the Messenger makes its weekly 
visits and encourages us. We need a resident min- 
ister, in order to make our work a success, and I 
should be pleased to communicate with any members 
who think of locating in the Northwest." 

A movement is now on foot in Western Pennsyl- 
vania to send Bro. R. D. Murphy, Field Secretary of 
the Sunday-school and Mission Board, to the World's 
Sunday-school Convention, to be held at Zurich, 
Switzerland, July S to July 13, 1913, and money is 
being raised to meet the expense of the trip. 

The Messenger has been going into a number of 
families, not members, in the vicinity of Fruitdale, 
Ala., and Bro. Francis M. White writes us that the 
paper is highly appreciated, and that it is doing good. 
There is probably no better way of reaching the mass- 
es with our doctrine than through the Messenger. 

At a recent council meeting in the Linville Creek 
church, Va., the congregation was divided. The new 
congregation thus formed, to be known as Unity, is 
said to be larger in membership and territory than 
the part retaining the old name. 

Should there be any members of the Church of the 
Brethren in or near Kruger, Wis., they will please 
communicate with Mrs. E. A. Hicks, of Litchfield, 
Nebr. She is planning to locate at Kruger and wishes 
to get in touch with the church. 

Correspondents who neglect to give their address, 
when writing the House, should not censure us for 
failing to answer their communications. It is as- 
tonishing how many people will say just what they 
want, and then omit either their name or their ad- 
dress. _ — — 

Some of the members living in or near San Jose, 
Cal., will make themselves known to Brother and 
Sister Levi Perry, 34 McLaughlin Avenue. The} 
left Cedar Rapids, Iowa, fifteen years ago, and since 
then have not heard a sermon preached by the 

Last Sunday four Chinese were baptized at Beth- 
any Bible School, Chicago. In 'the evening the 
Chinese members, eighteen in all, held a love feast, 
the scriptures relating to the services being read and 
explained in their own language. They are said to 
be a happy band of believers. 

We are just in receipt^ of a copy of the Minutes of 
the District Meeting of Southwestern Kansas and 
Southern Colorado, and notice that Bro. J. J. Yoder, 
member of the General Mission Board, is to represent 
the District on the Standing Committee, which meets 
at Winona Lake, Ind., May 29. 

Writing from Daleville, Va., Bro. D. L. Miller 
says that he is giving daily talks on " Church Govern- 
ment," and preaching each evening. Daleville, he 
says, is an ideal place for a school, being in a quiet 
nook in a beautiful valley. It is as free from town 
or city aririoyance as a country home. 

Fifteen were buried with Christ in baptism as 
the fruits of some evangelistic work done in the An- 
tioch church, Va., by Bro. P. S. Miller. One was 
restored to fellowship. Bro. J. A. Naff held a series 
of meetings at Rock Knoll, same congregation, and 
two more were baptized. One also was reinstated. 

After spending some months in Arkansas and 
Southern Missouri, Bro. C. P. Rowland has returned 
to his home at Lanark, 111. Later he is to take up the 
work again and hold a number of revivals in the 
same territory. He is booked for a series of meetings 
in the Mulberry Grove church, III., beginning March 

Writing from 1301 Charlotte Street, Kansas City, 
Mo., Bro. A. C. Brubaker says: "I wish to say. 
through the Messenger, that I have been traveling 
for the past seven months in the interest of better 
health, which is now fully restored to me, for which 
God only is to be praised. I am now ready to enter 
the evangelistic field wherever needed in the Brother- 

Some years ago, when we decided to charge fifty 
cents for each marriage notice appearing in the Mes- 
senger, an elder, then' widely known in the Brother- 
hood, wrote us that our policy meant the exclusion of 
marriage notices from our columns, as no one would 
care to pay fifty cents for such a notice. His 
prophecy proved to be untrue, as we have since pub- 
lished over 3,000 notices and in this issue seventeen 
will be found. 

The Cerro Gordo News, 111., for Jan. 9, contains an 
interesting report of the work done in the Cerro 
Gordo congregation during the year 1912. The work 
accomplished by the Sunday-school and the Aid 
Society is creditable. The pastor, Bro. D. M. Adams. 
made 108 visits to the sick, visited twenty-six homes 
where there are no members, and made 366 regular 
pastoral calls. Sixteen members are said to have read 
the Bible through during the year. 

The December issue of Our College Times, pub- 
lished in the interest of Elizabethtown College, Pa., 
contains a good article against fraternities in edu- 
cational institutions, and shows how such fraternities 
are not only detrimental to student life, but to society 
and religion as well. It is quite proper that this 
question should be considered at all of our schools, 

In each copy of the Brethren Almanac for 1913, 
mailed to all of our regular subscribers, will be found 
a red blank, telling how the Messenger may be do- 
nated. Hundreds of our patrons are filling out the 
blank, and in this way are helping us to reach many 
families that could not be reached in any other way. 
Let those who have not yet considered this matter 
immediately give it their attention. Here is an op- 
portunity to do an immense amount of good. 

In a congregation, where a number recently united 
with the church, an effort is being made to get the 
Messenger into the homes of all the new converts. 
This is a wise thing to do. All new converts should 
become interested in the Messenger as soon after 
uniting with the church as possible, and it would be 
a splendid plan for all of our evangelists to encourag* 
our agents to call on members shortly after entering 
the fold and have them subscribe for the church paper 

This winter we have been favored with a number 
of real nice letters from our school people in different 
parts of the Brotherhood. They all have something 
encouraging to say about the Messenger. Sister 
Florence Fogelsonger, teacher of English at Lords- 
burg College, Cal., has this to say: "Any of our 
church people, who do not regularly receive the Mes- 
senger, miss much indeed. The Gospel Messenger 
stands high, from both a religious and literary point 
of view, in comparison with other denominational 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 



On the third editorial page, this issue, will be 
found the queries intended for the Annual Meeting, 
so far as received at this office. Should there be 
others, we would be pleased to have them at the 
earliest date possible. 

Glancing over the Brethren Annual of the Breth- 
ren Church (Progressive), for 1913, we observe that 
the number of ministers is given as 290, or ten less 
than last year, and 210 congregations, or eleven less 
than the previous year. The statistics show a mem- 
bership of 20,394, being about 1,100 more than the 
year before. During 1912 there were 2,423 accessions. 

Thousands of the Messenger readers, who attend- 
ed the Annual Meeting at York, Pa., will recall Mr. 
Latimer Deardorff, the superintendent of the Con- 
ference grounds. It was in his home that we wrote 
our Conference notes. He died a few days ago, 
aged fifty-eight years, having been custodian of the 
grounds for a number of years. He met his death 
while working with a broken live wire at the Grand 
Stand. He was a very accommodating gentleman, 
and did much to make it pleasant for our people. 

Bro. Jere. Witter says: "We live here in Sweet 
Springs, Mo., and have not heard a sermon by our 
Brethren for over two years. While down town, we 
found a sister by means of her bonnet. She lives 
about eight miles from here, in the country, and says 
she does not know any other members. We do not 
know of any nearer than Kansas City. It makes one 
feel very homesick." 

It is an ill wind that blows no good. What has 
been said, recently, about the prison experiences of 
some°of our ministers, has brought to light the names 
of a few not yet mentioned. Our attention is called 
io Bro. James- Snyder who, during the late Rebellion, 
died in a Virginia prison, because he would not give 
up his peace principles. A Bro. Kinzie of the Valley, 
suffered in prison for the same reason. Many others 
ndured similar hardships, but a full list of them has 
never been published. 

A gentleman, residing near Leeton, Mo., has be- 
come greatly interested in the Messenger. He says 
the mission of the paper is to go about doing good, 
and that we are demonstrating our religion by 
brotherly love and other good qualities. He is 
pleased with the way members are devoted to each 
other. He adds that the Messenger is a grand, good 
paper, that since reading it his life has been exalted, 
expanded and enlightened, and that he is almost per- 
suaded to become a member of the Church of the 
Brethren. This, along with scores of other letters, 
shows that good may be accomplished by a journal 
that labors for loyalty, love and unity. 

The General Sunday-school Board of the Church 
of the Brethren, with headquarters at the Publishing 
House at Elgin, is bringing out a set of fine booklets 
for Sunday-school work. Four of these booklets have 
already been published, and others will follow. Those 
published are: " Teacher Training," " The Sunday- 
school Superintendent," " The District Sunday-school 
Secretary and His Work," and " Teachers of Chil- 
dren." These booklets are brought out in neat form, 
and while primarily intended for the Sunday-school 
workers, they should be read carefully by all of our 
preachers, elders and pastors, and to all such copies 
will be sent free on application. We like the policy of 
the Sunday-school Board in its Work. What it pub- 
lishes has in it the genius of the Brethren church. 
There is no attempt at compromising any of the 
church principles. The Board takes its stand squarely 
on the side of the church and her work, and there 
every member of the Board may be found. 

Hundreds of our older readers, who attended the 
Annual Meething at Lanark, 111., in 1880, will re- 
member the fine-looking man who, standing on an 
elevated platform, directed the work in the large din- 
ing hall. He was an energetic man, full of business 
and kept things moving. That man was Uncle Dan 
Wingert, as he was familiarly known at Mount Mor- 
ns, 111. He died Jan. 6, being at the time of his death 
over ninety-two years old. Bro. Wingert united with 
the church when a young man, and all his life re- 
mained well rooted and grounded in the principles of 
the Church of the Brethren. He had a fine brain, a 
splendid body and a noble heart. For years he served 
in the deacon's office, and was regarded as one of the 
wheel-horses in his congregation. On page 37, this 
issue, will be found a notice of the death of Bro. 
Abram Grater. He served as superintendent of the 
cooking department for the dining hall over which 
Bro. Wingert presided. He, too, as an elder, was a 
man of fine Christian character. 

Two Young Men From Persia. 

We learn that two young men from Persia are 
visiting a number of our churches in the East, and 
collecting money for a proposed school to be con- 
ducted by the religious body they represent. They 
claim to be members of the Evangelic Apostolic 
Church, and were sent to this country by their bishop. 
Their church, they say, numbering about 40,000, 
baptizes by trine immersion, holds a love feast much 
like we do, only the rite of feet-washing is observed 
at the close of the supper and the communion services. 
Then follows the kiss of love. They are nonresistant, 
believe in nonconformity to the world, and in worship 
the sisters have their heads covered. In a general 
way they are reported to resemble the Brethren. 
Their talk appeals to our people, and they are getting 
a good deal of money. We have suggested that their 
future visits among the churches be delayed until 
their claims can be thoroughly investigated by such 
of the members of the General Mission Board, as 
will meet at Bridgewater College, Va., next week. 
These young men are now in Virginia, and if the 
cause they represent is a worthy one, they can afford 
to wait until their claims can be established. It also 
seems a little strange that there should be 40,000 
Christian people, of the type named, in Persia, and 
yet the fact be unknown to the authors of our best 

For some early information it might be well for 
those interested to refer the case to their Congress- 
man, with instructions that he consult the Persian 
Legation in Washington, and further, that he con- 
fer with the United States Consul in Persia. Since 
the young men claim that the Presbyterians have been 
attempting some mission work among them, the Pres- 
byterian Mission Board might be in possession of a 
few facts that would help us to reach a proper con- 
clusion. We would not lay a straw in the way of any 
one who is prompted by honest motives, and is doing 
a good work, and yet we must do all that is reason- 
able to keep our members from being imposed upon. 

Then, it ought to be a fixed rule among our church- 
es everywhere never to permit a stranger to appear 
before a congregation with an appeal for money until 
his claims can be investigated. We happen to know 
that many, of our liberal congregations have been de- 
ceived by strangers, and that .is why we are now ad- 
vising the churches to move cautiously in this case. 
An honest cause loses nothing by investigation. Some 
of our wide-awake elders protect their congregations 
by insisting on an investigation before any appeals 
for money can be made. We now suggest that every 
new case, of this sort, be immediately referred to 
cither the Messenger management or the Genertl 
Mission Board. If we do not happen to have some 
knowledge of the parties, we can probably suggest 
some way of securing the information that may be 
needed for the occasion. 

Federation of the Churches. 

Recently the Federal Council of Churches held its 
sessions in Chicago. Three hundred and fifty dele- 
gates attended the meeting, representing thirty de- 
nominations, with a membership of 1 7,000,000, — 
nearly three-fourths of the Protestants of the country. 
It is significant. Dr. Linch says: "We may well 
count it of high import to the future unity of Chris- 
tendom that at last the Lord has gotten all the 
Protestant denominations into one room in mutual 
confidence, and desire to serve together." 

Cooperation and federation were discussed. Per- 
manent committees, previously appointed, made their 
reports. The discussions, for the most part, dealt 
with the social side of the Gospel, and the social and 

evangelizing mission of the church. Points of dif- 
ferences were not discussed. The most was made of 
the points of agreement. Questions of doctrine were 
left in the background. The bond of real federa- 
tion,— getting together on the basis of Gospel au- 
thority and union,— was passed by. What was done, 
in the main, as is usual on such occasions, was but a 
veneering of the real, vital question of church federa- 

That the churches should federate on the basis of 
Scriptural union, or that there should be but one body 
of believers in Jesus, as in the beginning, is alto- 
gether clear. Of all things, it is most desirable. 
Unity in the children of God, is the idea of the ages. 
Upon this principle, Jesus built but one church. He 
said, "Upon this rock I will build my church," not 
churches. He always spoke of the church in the 
singular; never in the plural. And his purpose was 
that the church should maintain its unity. He agon- 
ized and prayed, John 17, that the disciples might be 
one, even as he and the Father are one, that they may 
be made perfect in one. The unity of the Godhead 
is the ideal of church unity, and Jesus prayed that 
it might be maintained throughout the age. 

Paul states : " For as the body is one, and hath 
many members, and all the members of that one body, 
being many, are one body; so also is Christ." The 
body, the church, though composed of many members, 
is one, even as Christ is one. The unity of the church 
and the unity of Christ are the same. The church 
is one body, not many bodies, even so Christ is one 
body. Or, to reverse the order of reasoning, and 
reason from the base, it would be stated this way: 
Since Christ is one, the church, his body, is one, — 
unity alike in both. 

Again, Paul in the next verse says : " For by one 
Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we 
be Jews or Gentiles." There is but one Christ, there 
is but one body, his church, there is also but one Spirit. 
" There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are 
called in one hope of your calling; one Lord, one 
faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all," one 
" Lord and Savior Jesus Christ," and the one "church 
of the first-born, which arc written in heaven." 

In the light of these texts, it is clearly shown that 
God never intended a plurality of churches. He 
never intended that his church, the one body of the 
beginning, should be torn with dissensions, and be 
split into scores of sects and denominations, as at 
present. And still less is it in keeping with his Spirit 
that the fragments and sects of a divided Christianity 
maintain the spirit of division. 

Is there no way to get back to original conditions, 
and have but one body as in the beginning? Certainly. 
There is a way, most assuredly. And there is but 
one way. Ah ! there are many ways to patch up and 
affect union; but what is union, only seems to be 
union. It is not union through and through; it is 
not union as Christ taught it and prayed for it. The 
only way is to make the New Testament the bond of 
union. New Testament teaching must be the bond of 
agreement, the constitution of the church. The Word 
must be exalted to the place of absolute authority. 
To it all must yield. Whatever the Word states, all 
must believe, whatever it commands, all must do. 
All opinions, traditions and creeds of men must he 
sacrificed for the Word. All must agree in the Word, 
This is real union ; it would be the real federation of 
the chuTches, and everybody else, for that matter, 
who yields in faith and obedience to the Word. The 
Word, of course, must be its own interpreter. 

Now, what's the reason the churches can not unite 
on this basis? It is the only bond of union among 
men taught by Jesus. The plan is practicable; it is 
advisable; it is to the advantage of all, and to the 
disadvantage of none; it is fair to all. It provides 
for no preferred classes. It asks that all believe what 
Tesus has taught, and do what he has authorized and 
commanded ; it asks only this. It would require that 
men lay aside their prejudices and traditions, and 
that all come together on gospel grounds. Certainly, 
this is right, and it ought to be done. It would be an 
unspeakable blessing. But it can be done only when 
men lose all pride of opinion, become poor in spirit, 
losing all confidence in the flesh, and believe Jesus 
in the spirit of simple trust. h. c. e. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 

Annual Meeting Queries. 

Below will be found the Conference papers so far 
received at the Messenger office: 

We, (he members of the New Haven church, petition 
Annual Meeting, through District Meeting of Michigan, 
to dispense with the salutation between the supper and 

Answer by District Meeting: Request granted and 
passed to Annual Meeting. 

Southeastern Kansas. 
We, the Osage church, assembled in council, do peti- 
tion District Meeting concerning Article Second of An- 
nual Meeting Minutes, 1912, which has on record a com- 
mittee pending next year, providing for the election of 
members of Standing Committee for three years. We 
do petition said committee and Annual Meeting not to 
pass said petition. 
Sent to Annual Meeting. 

Middle Iowa. 
1. County and State Fairs —We, the Prairie City 
church, ask- District Meeting to petition Annual Meeting 
for a reconsideration of Art. 29, Minutes of 1853. 

Answer by District Committee: We ask Annual Meet- 
ing to reconsider the whole subject of members attending 
and exhibiting at County and State Fairs. Passed. 

2. Tobacco and Church Officials.— We, the Panther 
Creek church, petition Annual Meeting through District 
Meehng. to decide that all church officials now using to- 
bacco be requested to discontinue its use, and that here- 
after no church official be installed into office, who in any 
way, uses tobacco. 

Answer. Request granted and we recommend that all 
officials failing to comply with this request within a rea- 
sonable time, fall into the judgment of the church. Pa«cd. 
Oklahoma. Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico. 
We, the members of the Monitor church, through Dis- 
trict Meeting of Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and Pe- 
cos Valley, ask Annual Meeting of 1913 to prohibit the 
Publishing House from printing in the church publications 
any pictures of brethren and sisters who do not conform 
to the church s order of nonconformity in dress, but are 
attired m the fashions of the %vorld: also pictures nf Breth- 
ren churchhouses that are built after the worldly stvle 
and not after the Brethren order of plainness. 

This District Meeting decides that the printing of such 
Pictures ,s not consistent with the plain teachings of the 
Gospel (1 John 2: 16: Rom. 12: 2: 1 Peter 1 : 14; 2 Cor 6- 
I/). We ask Annual Meeting to confirm this answer 

collect and publish an annual report of all District mis- 
sionary effort and other information helpful to the Dis- 
tricts: and (c) when needed, to carry forward District 
mission work, including missions among foreigners in the 
United States. In order to secure assistance a congrega- 
tion must first, by subscription or otherwise, determine 
what amount it can raise; then petition the District Board 
for needed assistance; if said District Board is unable to 
render assistance, cither entire or in part, then said peti- 
tion shall upon recommendation of the District Board 
he considered by the General Mission Board and proper 
assistance rendered." 

Answer.— Granted. Sent to Annual Meeting. 

2. We ask the Annual Meeting of 1913 to reconsider 
the declaration passed by the Annual Meeting of 1912, as 
found on page 4 of the Minutes. 

Answer.— Granted. Sent to Annual Meeting. 

3. We ask the Annual Meeting to decide that all 
queries from churches and from the various Boards that 
have been granted the right to bring queries direct to the 
Annual Meeting, and all reports of committees, shall ap- 
pear in the Conference Booklet. 

Answer.— Granted. Sent to Annual Meeting. 
Northeastern Kansas. 

Whereas, There are different ways by which elders are 
selected to take the oversight of churches, some selecting 
by ballot, others by members going before elders (who 
sometimes arc candidates for the office), causing a timid- 
ity in some (as they cannot vote for both) they would 
rather not vote at all than to show a preference in their 
presence. Some feel it is a silent way of electioneering. 
Some churches are located far from elders, incurring ex- 
penses and troubles, thus causing much dissatisfaction, 
and, as there is no definite decision on this question, 

We, the Topeka church, ask Annual Meeting, through 
District Meeting, to adopt the following: 

"That the selection shall be made by ballot and to be 
read in the presence of not less than one elder." 

Answer.— Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Northern Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota. 

Inasmuch as the New Testament plainly teaches that 
tliose who believe, repent and are baptized by trine im- 
mersion for the remission of sins have the promise of the 
gift of the Holy Spirit, and thus come into fellowship with 
the people of God (Mark 16: 16; Matt 28- 19 w- Arts 
2:38-42); ' ' 

_ And inasmuch as it is evident that the foregoing teach- 
ing was the practice of the Church of the Brethren for 
many years (see Article 3, 1827; also Article 13. 1838 
Compiled Minutes of Annual Meeting)- 

Therefore, the South Waterloo church, through the Dis- 
trict Conference of Northern Iowa. Minnesota and South 
Dakota, pennons the Annual Conference of 1913 to repeal 
Article 3 ,883. also Article 2, 1905, Compiled Minute! o 
Annual Meeting, thereby allowing the several congrega- 
tions the privilege of receiving into the Church of the 
Brethren by the right hand of fellowship and the kis, „f 
chanty, without rebaptizing. persons who have been bap- 
tized by tnne immersion, for the remission of sins, and by 
an administrator who believes such baptism to be scrip- 
tural baptism However, persons thus received into 
church fellowship shall be examined and instructed as all 

"ion ofTb ■ <°Y h r h m ™^WP- ^ the applica- 

tion of this principle due care and caution be exercised 
by the several congregations 

Me^r^on ? iS ' riCt M r HnE ' We "««<•" Annual 
on Reb ,- ■'" recons ' d " the Report of Committee 

on Rebaptism. given at the York Conference, 1912. 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. 

J' T 1 t "L Po, ° con *"iration asks Annual Meeting of 1911 
hrou h D , str| of Nonhern goM913 

ons,„. to amend section 4 of decision of 1893. governing 
the General Mission Board, which reads as follows 

nelr .7 i S j tmt "' in ' State Dist *t. I" order to get 
help from the General Bnard. must first circulate sub 
script,™ among themselves and raise a,l tbev can and then 
apply to the District Committee for help. If ,he Di,, ic 
Commitee is unable to supply the deficiency Lfp my 

ion"" rTo h'T "l, ?""' B ° ard ' Cith " «ta(2 
on'of the D ,"' > UP °" aDPrOVa ' mA commenda- 
tion of the District Committee." 

As amended to read as follows: 

Jl 4 lJ he Ge ". Cra ' Mission Board s * a " M co-operate 
with the respective District Boards in developing i» 
and support for both District a.nd general missLs; (h, 

The Preparation of Manuscript. 

The foreman of our Printing Department thinks 
we might possibly write a very serviceable editorial 
on the preparation of manuscript by those who 
furnish copy for the Minutes of District Meetings, 
which we are asked to print. We are always glad 
to receive jobs of this sort, for we have splendid 
facilities for bringing out Minutes in good form, but 
it would be a great accommodation to our printers if 
- some of the copy would be arranged with more care. 
Especially is this true of matter intended for tabular 
work. In manuscript of that kind the paper should 
be carefully ruled both ways, and the figures placed 
where they should appear when printed. ' Everything 
should be carefully worked out, so that all the printer 
has to do is to follow copy. Furthermore, to roll into 
a bundle all the papers, regardless of- their shape and 
manner of preparation, just as they pass a District 
Meeting, send them to us, and ask our printers to 
go over the batch, edit the whole thing, rewrite parts 
of the manuscript, and then bring out the printed 
Minutes in good form, is asking rather much of men 
whose patience has limitations. Of course, we have 
men who can take a whole batch of papers, just as 
they cpme from a District Meeting, and put every- 
thing in good form, but they are high-salaried men, 
and the time required for their work must be charged 
up against the job, and for that reason it costs more 
to have some Minutes printed than it otherwise 
should. There are some clerks who prepare the man- 
uscript for their Minutes with great care, and all our 
printers have to do is to follow copy. In this way a 
most satisfactory job may be had without any extra 
expenses for the preparation of copy. 

Standing Not Enough. 

It is good for the Brotherhood, or any part of the 
body, for that matter, to stand for right principles 
and wise methods. It is proper that the church should 
take her stand on the right side of questions, but 
standing is not enough. There ought to be an aggres- 
sive movement in the interest of the principles for 
which the church stands. A church that stands for 
peace and good will on earth, should work for peace 
A congregation that takes her stand on the side of 
mission work should do some aggressive work in 
the interest of the cause espoused. A body of men, 
who announce their purpose to stand for plainness,' 

should do more than stand. They should both pray 
and work for New Testament simplicity. In fact, 
this is the only way of standing for a principle that 
counts. There may be plenty of people to stand for 
something in which they believe, but there are but 
few who will pray, work and sacrifice, in order that 
the right may prevail. The devil goes about as a 
roaring lion. He is busy, and that is why he gets so 
much done. Those who oppose the devil must become 
even more active. They should not only take their 
stand for the right, but they should put wisdom and 
intelligence into vigorous movements in the interest 
of the Master's kingdom. As a religous body, the 
Brethren are not in the world merely to stand. Their 
marching order is to " go." This means action, and 
our mission is to see that something is doing. 

The Lord's Prayer. 

A correspondent thinks that, in some of our con- 
gregations, the Lord's Prayer is used too often to be 
made impressive. To employ the prayer at the open- 
ing of the Sunday-school, in the opening and closing 
exercises of the preaching services, and then again in 
the Christian Workers' Meeting and the evening 
preaching service, would seem like overdoing even a 
good thing. We do not think the Master intended 
the prayer to be used in this way. In our judgment, 
once at each service is sufficient, and this may be in 
the opening exercises or at the close. We rather like 
the idea of omitting it in connection with the opening 
prayer and using it at the close of a service. In this 
way the prayer can be made most fitting, without 
being overdone. And while some of our congrega- 
tions may be going to extremes, in the use of the 
prayer, there are others where it is seldom heard at 
all, There are ministers who make it a point to 
dispense with the prayer when conducting devotional 
services. This is unfortunate. It is a long step in 
the wrong direction. Not a regular service should 
be held without this prayer. When, however, there 
are several sendees in one day, a too frequent use of 
the best of all prayers may not impress most wor- 
shipers as they should be impressed. 

Liking the Preacher. 

Once upon a time a delegation, appointed for the 
purpose, called on their bishop and informed him 
that the minister sent to their parish was not liked 
very well. Here is his reply: "The preacher does 
not go to his parish for you to like him. He goes 
to preach the Word of God according to his ability 
and to administer the ordinances of God's house, and 
to be responsible for your souls. He does not go to 
church simply because he likes you, and you have no 
excuse for remaining away because you do not like 
him. He needs you, and you need him, that the 
work of Christ may go on." Of course there are 
two sides to this question, but after all, there is too 
much said about the congregation liking the preacher 
and the preacher liking his work. If both parties 
would think more about doing the Lord's work and 
less about liking and disliking each other, they might 
get along better together. 

Reaching Appointments Late. 

Under no circumstances should a minister of the 
Gospel permit himself to get into the habit of reach 
nig his appointments late. There are plenty of ~ood 
people who will overlook some blunder in grammar 
and even bear with an occasional misquotation but 
no one cares to excuse a preacher for being unif'orm- 
y five minutes behind time at his preaching service 
When he announces a meeting for 11 A M he should 
be in the stand at that hour, ready to begin the sen- 
ices. True, some allowance should be made for a 
slight variation in the different timepieces of the com 
mumty, but this should not serve as an excuse for the 
preacher being late. Even busy people may not re- " 
fuse to patronize a railroad just because the morning 
tram happens to be five or ten minutes late half of 
the time, but very few men and women will excuse 
a minister of the Gospel who makes it a rule to enter 
his pulpit several minutes late. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 




D. Xr. Killer, Chairman, Mt. Morris, 111 

H, C. Early, Vice-Chalrman Penn Laird Va, 

Galen B. Royer, Sec. and Treas Elgin 111 

Cnaa. D. Bonsacb Union Bridge,' Md. 

J. J. Toder, McPherson. Kansas. 

Otho Winder North Manchester, Ind. 

- Address, 
General Mission Board, Elgin, m. 

At our last regular council in 1912 Bro. D. B. Garber 
presided. Quitc'a number of members were present, and 
all enjoy the services. We elected church and Sunday- 
school officers. Not much other business came before the 
meeting. The Minutes of the last meeting were read. 
Then our secretary gave a financial report of our church 
work. We appear to be somewhat in debt, but it was de- 
cided to raise the amount until the beginning of the new 
year. A special meeting for this purpose was appointed 
for the last day of the year. 

Our church officers were elected by ballot, all officers 
being reelected to the same positions: Sister Pearl Brum- 
baugh, clerk; Bro. Levi Heaston, treasurer; Bro. Daniel 
Funderburg, Messenger agent; the writer, Messenger 
correspondent. The Sunday-school officers were also 
retained for another year, with the exception of the sec- 
retary, who requested to be relieved. Brethren Chas. 
Poorman and David Brumbaugh are our superintendents, 
and Bro. Chas. Garber and Sister Attie Poorman, are our 
secretaries. We find that our Sunday-school has made 
some improvement during the year. The same teachers 
are retained for another year. We trust that still better 
work can be done during the present year. The last 
Sunday of the old year Bro. D. B. Garber gave a very in- 
teresting talk on the important relation sustained by the 
officers and teachers to .the Sunday-school and church,— 
one which should result !n the saving of precious souls. 
Markle, Ind., Jan. 2. (Mrs.) Lillian Earhart. 

well-established families of the Brethren could move in, 
to help along in the Lord's work, a great work might be 
accomplished. For those who enjoy the hills, the pines, 
the springs, and the running streams, there is abundant 
opportunity to secure cheap homes, as well as to be help- 
ful in the Lord's work. 

Returning from Bangor, I called on the members near 
Sacramento, Cal. Here is also a large field of opportunity 
for the Brethren. Here Brethren Michael Blocher and 
M. J. Hoffman are the ministers, with nine members, in 
all, as a nucleus for a church in or near Sacramento. A 
targe tract of rich valley land awaits Brethren families to 
come in and possess it for the Lord. Those who do not 
care for the hills and mountains, can here find the oppo- 
site physical conditions, but with higher land values and 
excellent markets right at hand. Brethren, contemplating 
a change, should consider these localities rather than the 
strong churches where already five or ten ministers may 
be found. Chico is another point where helpers in the 
Lord's work can be used. D. L. For! 

Reedley, Cal., Dec. "24. 




Bro. Boo, treasurer; Sister Forney, readies clcrl „ M '„ 

trustee; sister Edna Hyde, c hoi-l,i,. r il »,»,,„ "' 

Sund'a "", "■,""' M ™»" corrc'ionclcn,. X' JTSI 
Sunday-school superintendent: Slater Ina Michael ™„fnS 

era Meeting, Bro. Lewis Hyde, secretarv-troenurcr Instead 
tl'e hST "IT'" S "" fl «— "™» "»* on Sunday moving 
and KtolX tn^nffl"' "' "T 1 """" Sunday-school scholars 
S the officers and teachers.— Jennie Harris, Ken- 


nare, N. Dale, Jan. 

—We had on r 



Bro. J. H. Morris began meetings at this place Dec. 12, 
which closed Dec. 22. He preached thirteen able sermons! 
This is a new preaching point. One sister lives near. We 
had good crowds nearly every night, and the best of at- 
tention. A few people were acquainted with the doctrine, 
as believed and practiced by the Brethren, and said they 
know they ought to be in the church. Others said they 
would come some time, but were not quite ready yet. 
Some were deeply convicted, but, for some reasons, did 
not unite with the church at this time. 

There is a strong church of Campbellites (or Chris- 
tians) here, who are known for their "fighting" qualities.- 
They asked a number of questions concerning the doc- 
trine and customs of the Brethren. Each question was an- 
swered ably, and each ordinance was explained intelligent- 
ly. We believe much lasting good was done. 

Truly, Bro. Morris is not ashamed to declare the whole 
Gospel, neither is he afraid to warn sinners of the wrath 
to come, nor does he neglect to show them the blessedness 
of obeying the whole Gospel. He labors almost day and 
night, to try to bring souls to God, often doing with but 
two meals a day. He goes to his place of worship before 
supper time, and often visits with strangers. This some- 
times necessitates him to go without food, rather than 
ask for something to eat. When we see the sacrifice he 
is making, we are made to feel that so many of us are 
doing very little in the Master's service. Oh, that we may 
all be awakened to a greater sense of our duty to him who 
has done so much for usl Truly the harvest is great and 
the laborers are few. When we read of meetings where 
there are three or four ministers present we wonder how 
they read their Bibles. Maggie B. Rogers. 

North Burns, Okla., Dec. 26. 

It was my privilege to spend two weeks, the fore part 
of December, with the Brethren in the JFruitvale church, 
near Bangor, Cal. This is one of the oldest organizations 
of the Brethren in Northern California. Bro. Bentson 
Myers was the first minister, and since then a number of 
others have assisted in the work, and the membership has 
increased to forty or fifty active workers. Changes, inci- 
dent to new places, have occurred, and many have moved 
away, till now there are ten members in the organization. 
Bro. M. E. Andrews, of Bangor, Cal., is elder in charge, 
with Bro. J. B. Webster as superintendent in the Sunday- 

This is a health-giving country, at an elevation of 1,200 
feet, and suited to the raising of grain and fruits, includ- 
ing oranges, apples and vegetables. Gold is found in the 
hills. But the most precious treasure to be found are the 
souls that should be won for the Lord. Aged men and 
women, now close around the nineties, crossed the plains 
with their families sixty years ago, and are still enjoying 
vigorous health. These and their descendants need the 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue, Are 
Given Space on This Page. 


Herman.— Our church at this place met in council Dec. 2S. 
Bro. Samuel Edgecomb presided. We elected our Sunday- 
school officers. Bro. William Sptdle Is our superintendent; 
Sister Sarah Sperllne, secretary; Sister Ella Deeter, church 
correspondent; the writer, Messenger agent. We decided to 
hold a series of meetings as soon as we can secure an evan- 
gelist. — Maria Edgecomb. Kerman, Cal., Dec. 30. 

live OH*.— Tine joint Sunday-school and Chrlstfan Workers- 
Meetings of the ChiCo, Sacramento Valley and Live Oak con- 
gregations was held at Chico, Cal., Dec. 27, with Bro A 
Crites as Moderator. Several topics, relative to the Sunday- 
school, were discussed very helpfully. It was suggested that 
every school have a library of useful books, and that books 
of Action be avoided. The meeting was enjoyed by all pres- 
ent The next meeting will be held with the Sacramento 
Valley church July 4, 1913. The Program Committee consists 
of Bro. Ray Shively as Moderator; Bro. H. Stemple, Clerk, and 
Bro. A. A. Hartman.— W. R. Brubaker, Live Oak, Cal., Dec 30 
liordsburg-.— Last Sunday morning, Bro. G. H. Bash or, of 
Los Angeles, our District Sunday-school Secretary, fittingly 
conducted a review of the Sunday-school lessons for the past 
year, during the usual lesson hour. The entire school, from 
the junior department up, trok part In the work. He also 
preached for us, taking for a basis of his sermon, "Jesus 
Blessing Little Children." He gave us a timely warning about 
discouraging children who want to become members of the 
fold. Our Sunday-school celebrated Christmas with appro- 
priate exercises. (A report of this was given in last Issue.) 
Last evening we had a New Tear prayer meeting, conducted 
by our elder, Bro. W. P. England. At the close of this service 
the Installation of our newly-elected Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Worker Officers took place. Bro. S. J. Miller had charge 
of this service, which he made very impressive.— Grace H 
Miller, Lordsburg, Cal., Jan. 2. 


Cerro Gordo church met In council Jan. 4. Pour letters of 
membership were received, and five were granted. Several 
vacancies were filled. Sister Alice Wallick is now president 
of our home department work. Bro. J. E. Wagoner Is pres- 
ident of our Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. H. E. Leedy, 
with his wife, was advanced to the second degree of the min- 
istry. Bro. Geo. W. Miller ssisted in the work. Jan. 5 In- 
stallation services for our Sunday-school officers and teachers 
were conducted by our District Sunday-school Secretary, Bro. 
I. D. Heckman. — Emma Sensenbaugh, Cerro Gordo, 111., Jan, G, 

Girard. — The Temperance Sunday-school and Bible Insti- 
tute of the Southern District of Illinois, which was held at 
Girard, closed Wednesday evening, Jan. 1. Our Instructors, 
Brethren D. M. Adams, J. W. Lear and M. W. Emmert, taught 
us many good lessons. There was a good representation from 
most of the churches. The weather was ideal, and a very 
pleasant and profitable season was enjoyed by all.-^Mamie 
Gibson, Girard, III., Jan. 3. 

Oakley church, met in quarterly council Dec. 28. Our Sun- 
day-school was reorganized for the coming year with Bro. 
V. B. Stutzman as superintendent, and Sister Verna Blicken- 
staff as secretary.— Effa Protzman, Oakley, III., Jan. 6. 


Hancock.— Our elder, Bro. S. Bowser, who has been labor- 
ing -with us for the past five years, has left us for an indefi- 
nite period. We miss him very much, and should like very 
much to have any minister, who is thinking of changing his 
location, to write us. We have a good country here. The 
writer has lived here for the past six years, and has had no 
crop failure during that time. There is land for sale and some 
for rent. Any minister, going through here, who can arrange 
to stop and give us a few meetings, would be very welcome. 
Write to Bro. H. W. Tingst, and arrangements will be made 
to meet you. We reappointed our officers for Christian Work- 
ers' Meetings. Bro. Nafus is our presfdent. We expect to 
render a temperance program about the middle of February. 
Sister Shade and the writer were chosen as a Temperance 
Committee. — Mrs, R, A. Nafus, Hancock, Minn., Jan. 3. 

Worthington.— We closed a very profitable Bible-school at 
this place Dec. 29, taught by Bro. Ezra Flory, of Chicago, who 
is a very efficient teacher. The attendance was not large, but 
those who attended were greatly benefited. Jan. 1 we had a 
consecration meeting and Installation of Sunday-school teach- 
ers. — Minnie SchccMrr Worthington, Minn., Jan. 2. 


Mound. — Dee. 29 we closed a most glorious series of meet- 
ings at the Mound church, conducted by Bro. C. A. Miller, of 
Westphalia, Kans. He preached nineteen Inspiring sermons. 
Thirteen put on Christ in baptism. Two also united with the 
church one week prior to the meetings. The attention and at- 
tendance were excellent. Our church has been much strength- 
ened. — Bettle Enos, Adrian, Mo., Jan. 2. 

Pleasant View. — Dec. 21 the members of this congregation 
met in the Bethany church to hold a council. Bro. J, H. Ma- 
son presided. Our Sunday-school was reorganized, with Bro. 
E. W. Mason as superintendent; Sister Ida Mover, secretary- 
treasurer. For Christian Workers' Meeting Sister Lena Tem- 
ple was chosen president Sister Ollfe Clemens was chosen 
overseer of our Junior Band, organized recently with about 
twenty-five young people less than sixteen years of age. The 
fourth Sunday night ot each month is given to the Junior 
Band. At his request. Eld. J. H. Mason was relieved of the 
oversight of this congregation, and Bro. G. W. Clemens was 
chosen In his stead. Bro. E. W. Mason was ordained to the 
eldership. ~ 

SSS'SS SB^-SS! ,!"-* - — -=r 

lick Creek church met In council Jan. 1, at 10 A. M A rood 

The following officers were elected rer the ons-ulne ,"..': 
Treasurer, Bro. A. M. Moore; WOTesponttmt, Bro J w £££ 
art; clerk Bro. B. F. Klntner: trustee, Bro. B F Kil [too? 
Sunday-school superintendent, the writer. Wo were very 
"dCrrI 1 r Br °' Ch "» ita « K™bll, Who ™ our older 

ais gave an entertainment, consist tig of rendlnirs divlnma 
ions and singing A, the Hose W V, MrrtcTiro S £ 
Lehman guee an address to the audience nn.l ,„„„„|rt a Bible 
donated by this Sundry-school, ,„ „,„- f„|„ r,,! snportnVo, £ 
ent, Bro. Gordon Armcntrout, who has served us tor II, , „ si 
seven years. We had an attendance or cl B l,t>,,r In Sunday 

l?°ZZ S mn M," 1E : "''"'' h ls ""■"'"•a«lng <•« the drst s Z v 
ofthe year.— Minnie Jacobs. 620 Linden Street, Lima, Ohio, 


Bro. Frank McCune. of Kansas, will conduct our 
n S care of the church, and if , number of strong, TUtS^SSSl.^^iJSSi^^'iLT' 1 °" """^ 

Jan. 6. 

Manmee church mot In council Dee. 23, with our older Bro 

Flory presiding. Bro. Flory WA » chosen ns our older 
V™™ r ™ .° r on V Par ' Four letters were granted to Bro. 
Jerome Klntner and family. As our number is small, we regret, 

woo;i, ie OhirDec. 5 To. them ^^ ,,f, - J ° hn *«»»«. "W 
West Dayton.— On the evening of Dec. 2\ our Christmas 
program was rendered by the Sunday-school scholars On 
Christmas evening Bro. Dnvld Stutsman gave us an interest- 
ing sermon on "The Birth of Our Savior." Dec, 29 Bro J 
W. Beeghly preached Inspiring sermons morning nntl evening' 
Next Sunday, and probably for a few woojea thereafter our 
Sunday-school will bo held In the school house opposite" the 
church on account of some remodeling hotng done at our 
church. A portion of the work has alroadv boon completed The 
new roof has been put on, the new furnace put In, and tho 
painting Is done. The men aro now working at tho floor.— 
Cordie M. Murray. 2020 West Third Street, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 


Bogus River.— We met in council, with Eld. M. C. Llntngor 
In charge. The visiting brethren with us were Eld R F, 
Decker, W. E. Whitcher and C. D. Fager. Two letters wore 
granted and four were received. Bro. Chas. A. Walruff of 
Medford, Oregon, was called to the ministry and, with 'his 
wife, duly installed. We reorganized our church and Sunday- 
school work for another year. Eld. L. B. Ovorholzor was 
chosen as elder In charge during 1913.— (Mrs.) Paulino Over- 
holser, Talent, Oregon, Dec. 31. 

Weston. — Our church met in council Dec. 28. Bro C W 
Metz presided. We elected our church miu Sunday-school oITl- 
cers for this year. But few changes were made. We decided 
to hold a series of meetings, beginning about Fob. 15, to be 
conducted by Bro. J. S. Secrist, of Olvmpla. Wash, He Is a 
fearless upholder of the pure Gospol of Christ, and we are 
looking forward to the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.— Ollvc- 
Nevin, Weston, Oregon, Jan. 1. 

CodoruB church met fn council Jan. 1, with Eld. D. T Brill- 
hart presiding. Bro. Howard FItz was reelected as trustee 
Bro. George Keeny was reelected as Sunday-school superin- 
tendent We decided to hold our love feast May IS and 10 
Since our last report, Bro. H. K. Ober. of Elizabethtown, Pa, 
was with us and preached In four of our church houses In 
behalf of the Anti-Saloon League. Bro. Henry Miller,' of 
Spring Grove, Pa., was also with us one week. Ho preached 
at the Codorus house during 1 the first part of the week, and 
at the Pleasant Hill house during the latter part of tho week 
Pro. W. B. Stover, of India, will be with us Jan. 5 —J L 
Myers, Loganville, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Epurata Sunday afternoon, Dec. 29, four applicants wore 

received into the church by baptism. Bro. Wm. Kulp, of Eliz- 
abethtown College, preached for us at the morning service. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for this year. Bro. H. S, 
nibble was chosen superintendent; Bro. Ira Martin, secretary- 
Sister Emma Seltzer, superintendent of the primary depart- 
ment: Sister Maggie Mentzer, superintendent of tho cradle 
roll; Sister Emma Hlldebrand, superintendent of the homo do- 
par tm ent.— J. M. Neff, Ephrata. Pa„ Jan. 2. 

Oeorgea Creek.— We held our council in tho Fairvlew church 
at Masontown Dec. 28. We closed the work of tho old year, 
and reelected officers for the new year. Bro. John and Sister 
Ann Moser, who Ifcft us last April for Iowa, have returned, 
and their letters were received. It was decided to fence 
the cemetery In the near future. Bro. James Merryman and 
Playford Helmlck were appointed auditors. Bro. William 
Townsend was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. 
James Merryman was chosen president of our Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting. There wore also seven directors elected for 1913. 
Bro. Alfred Johnson was chosen secretary; Bro. David John- 
son, treasurer: Bro. John Baker, correspondent. A froe-will 
offering of J11.2R was taken.— Playford Helmlck, R. D. IE, Box 
22, Masontown, Pa., Jan. I, 

Mountville. — Bro. Henry Holilnger closed a two weeks' se- 
ries of meetings at the Salunga house on Sunday evening, 
Dec. 20. The services were well attended. Three came out on 
the Lord's side. — Milton G. Forney, R. D. 8, Lancaster, Pa„ 
Jan. 1. 

Old Folka' Home.— Christmas was a beautiful dav for the 
Inmates of the Home. A brief speech was given in the morn- 
ing by the steward, each inmate receiving a handkerchief. 
and a treat of candy and oranges. We had roast turkey, 
cakes, pie, etc., for dinner, which was much enjoyed by all. 
We thank the Sunday-school for their donation of candy and 
oranges. We thank tho kind donors. May God bless and 
keep our steward. Bro. Angell, and his good wife.— Frank 
Whitehead, Carlisle, Pa, Jan. 3. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 


Proitdale church, since our love feast, Dec. 21, has had 
=reat cause for rejoicing. The sisters who came out on the 
lord's side at our love feast were baptized Jan. 5. A large 
assembly witnessed the administration of the sacred rite, 
manv never having seen baptism administered as our Brethren 
nerfbrm it Dec. 29, while Bro. Wine was at the Wayne Mis- 
sion, one voung lady was baptized. While our number Is 
small, vet" It shows a gradual increase, for which we are 
trulv thankful. As the population is scattered, we con not 
expect to gather in great numbers at one time. A gentleman, 
who visited in our community nearly one year ago, was so 
favorably impressed that he wanted to do something for us. 
He took us bv surprise when he paid off our church Indebted- 
ness and made us a present of the release and $7.76. He is 
a member of the Christian church in Texas. It makes us feel 
happv that others, besides our brethren and sisters, appreciate 
the efforts we are trying to put forth for the upbuilding of 
the Master's cause in this part of his vineyard. We truly 
thank our Heavenly Father for the blessings received, and 
also extend our sincere thanks to those who have aided us so 
kindly We will certainly be able to do more work for the 
Master by being out of debt Those who assisted us in 
erecting the first church building of the Brethren in Ala- 
bama will surely receive a blessing.— Francis M. White, Fruit- 
dale, Ala., Jan. ,6. 

Fmitdale.— The work is moving along nicely now. One was 
baptized at Waynesboro, Miss., Dec. 29, and we have ancther 
applicant at Fruitdale, Ala. Our ministers here have more 
calls than they can possibly attend to.— Wm. E. White, Vin- 
egar Bend., Ala., Jan. 1. 


Empire church met In council Jan. 4. Our elder, Bro. S. F. 
Sanger presided. Christian Worker officers were elected for 
the next six months, with Sister Grace Swihart as president, 
and Sister Vesta Sanger secretary- treasurer. Bro. F. E. Wal- 
ters was chosen Messenger agent. It was decided to use 
"Kingdom Songs" in our Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting:. Bro. J. C. Bright and wife gave us ten days' 
special Bible work. Sister Bright gave several lectures on 
" The Bible Lands." Their work was much appreciated by all 
present. — Myrtle M. Julius, R. D. 3, Box 213, Modesto, Gal-, 
Jan. 8. 

Xios Angeles.— Eld. E. S. Toung, of Canton, Ohio, was with 
us on Sundav morning, Dec. 29. and broke unto us the Bread 
of Life. In the evening Eld. J. J. Filbrun, of East Wenatchee, 
Wash., filled our pulpit. Our love feast will be held Jan. 
26, at 6 P. M. — Eva M. Frantz, 3125 North Broadway, Los 
Angeles, CaL, Jan. 2. 

Oak Grove church met In council Dec. 14, at which time our 
Sunday-school was reorganized. Bro. Chas. Braff was reelected 
superintendent for one year. Other church work was attended 
to and arrangements were made for the District Bible Term. 
Dec. 22 Brethren J. P. Dickey and G. W. Kleffaber, of Lords- 
burg College, came to conduct the Bible meetings. Bro. 
Dickev's work on the Gospel of St. John and the Book of Job 
was very interesting and helpful. Bro. Kieffaber*s work was 
on " Church History and Music." He also preached very ear- 
nestly each evening. His sermons were interesting. This 
Bible* Term of the Northern California District continued for 
one week.— Linnle Coffman, Laton, Cal., Jan. 3. 

Sacramento. — A few members are now living near Dry Creek 
Station, nine miles north of the city. Our ministers have been 
preaching every two weeks in the schoolhouse, two miles 
northwest of here. Last Saturday Bro. S. G. Hollinger, our 
District Sunday-school Secretary, came to us. On Sunday he 
assisted us in organizing a Sunday-school, to be known as the 
Dry Creek Sunday-school. Our superintendents are Bro. J. M. 
Fisher and Sister Lizzie Blocher: secretary, Vernice M. Hoff- 
man. Hereafter we are to meet in the members' houses each 
Sunday at 10:30 A. M. for Sunday-school; preaching at 
11:30. Any members, passing through the city are invited 
to stop with us. We are only nine miles from the city, on 
the Northern Electric Railway. There are nine cars to and 
from the city daily. We expect to have a more suitable place 
in which to hold our services, before long. We expect to have 
a public school building started by spring, as we have enough 
children in the vicinity to demand a teacher. We would be 
pleased to have others locate among us, In this mild climate 
where land can be bought on easy terms, and where there Is 
plenty of good, soft water. — Michael Blocher (General Deliv- 
ery), Sacramento, Cal., Jan. 4. 

Santa Ana church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. B. F. 
Masterson presiding. All Sunday-school and Christian Worker 
officers were elected for the next six months. The church offi- 
cers were elected for one year. Bro. Masterson is our elder, 
and the writer is correspondent.— Maude Swisshelm, 1013 East 
Chestnut Street, Santa Ana, Cal., Jan. 3. 

Pleasant Valley, — Our Christian Workers' Society gave an 
interesting temperance program Dec. 29, consisting of songs, 
select readings and recitations. An offering of $4.45 was taken 
for our District Temperance Committee — Hannah Dunning, 
Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada, Dec. 31. 


Brandon. — Here, in Eastern Colorado, on the Government 
land, live eight of our members, but without a minister. We 
helped to organize a union Sunday-school, two miles north 
of our home, and about tec miles from Brandon. We have 
an average attendance of about twenty. While this little 
Sunday-school has proved to be a source of spiritual strength, 
it does not fill the place of services held by our own dear 
brethren. If more of our members would locate here, together 
with a loyal minister, we could soon build a churchhouse. 
We would very gladly give land enough for that purpose. 
Any of our members, who want cheap homes, would do well 
to consider this place. Those Interested will please write us. 
— Ira W. Fasnacht, Brandon, Colo.. Jan. 6. 

Eocky Tord church met in council Jan. 4. The church ap- 
pointed Elders David Hamm, John Bjorklund and N. J. Miller 
to take the oversight of the church, and gave them the priv- 
ilege of selecting their own foreman. Officers for church, 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meetings were elected. 
Bro. Henry Wine is our Sunday-school superintendent, and 
Bro. Amos Bish is our secretary. Bro. Jesse Weybrlght was 
chosen president of our Christian Workers' Meeting. One 
was baptized since our last report. — Clara Walker Miller, 
Rocky Ford, Colo., June 8. 

Wiley church met in council Dec.-2B, with most of the mem- 
bers present. Bro. Homer Ullom was chosen elder; Bro. A. J. 
Ellenberger, clerk; Sister Lulu Ullom, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister Edna Hudson, superintendent of the primary 
department: Bro. Chas. Oxley, president of our Christian 
Workers' Meeting. Six letters were received. The Thanks- 
giving offering of Jo was used to send the Messenger as a 
missionary to ten families In this vicinity. We decided to 
have a members' meeting the first Tuesday evening of each 
month. Our Sunday-school has a primary department in the 
basement. We reorganized a mothers' department, in Novem- 
ber, with twenty-two charter members. We meet once a month 
on the fourth Wednesday, at 2 P. M-, in a room at the church. 
The " Mothers' Magazine " Is used, and with it we get a Moth- 

ers' Department Quarterly, which supplies programs and helps 
for each meeting. — Laura V. Ullom, Lamar, Colo., Jan. 2. 


Arcadia Our little band met Dee. 28, and as several mem- 
bers could not meet with us, and a number of others had not 
yet received their letters, It was decided to postpone the or- 
ganization a few weeks. It was decided to hold regular serv- 
ices and, as soon as possible, to secure an evangelist for a 
series of meetings, to be followed by a love feast. Eighteen 
members were present, and on Sunday morning Bro. Geo. 
Branscom, District Missionary Secretary, gave us an interest- 
ing discourse. In the afternoon he delivered a strong doctrinal 
sermon. Brethren J. B. Wine, R. E>. Eisenbise and the writer 
were appointed to arrange the time and place for regular serv- 
ices, as well as to attend to the completion of the organiza- 
tion. From this beginning we expect great things. Pray for 
us . — c. H. S lifer. Arcadia, PI a., Jan. 3. 

Zion church held a series of meetings, commencing Dec. 28 
and lasting ten days, conducted by Bro. J. V. Felthouse, of 
Seminole, Fla., later assisted by Bro. Abram Buck, of Santa 
Rosa, Fla., and Bro. Geo. Branscom, of Melvin ITI11, N. C. One 
was baptized. Bro. Artemas and wife were received by letter. 
We held council meetings Jan. 4 and S. Bro. J, V. Felthouse 
was ordained to the eldership, and was elected as presiding 
elder. Sister Toder was Installed as a deaconess. Church 
officers were elected for one year, and our Sunday-school offi- 
cers for six months. We closed our meetings with a love 
feast, greatly enjoyed by all. — J. H. McKlllips. Herndon, Fla., 
Jan. 8. 


Pruitland. — On Christmas Eve our Sunday-school rendered a 
well-prepared program, consisting of recitations, select read- 
ings and special songs. The program was well rendered, and 
was elevating. At the close of the program a treat was given 
to all present, there being about 135 in attendance, — S. J. 
Kenepp, Payette, Idaho, Dec. 31. 


Decatur. — We met in council Dec. 12. Eld. J. W. Lear pre- 
sided. Sister Martha Lear was reelected superintendent of 
the Sunday-school, and Bro. J. A. Heck man president of our 
Christian Workers' Society. The other offices were filled with 
brethren and sisters who are equally anxious to see the work 
prosper. Our Sunday-school ranks as a front-line school, and 
yet we have much room for Improvement. Recently we started 
a library, and already the small stock of books has been read 
by a number of our scholars. Sister Lear was elected delegate 
to our District Sunday-school Meeting, to be held at Glrard, 
HI. — D. W. Cripe, 1443 West Decatur Street, Decatur, 111., 
Jan. 18. 

Hudson church met in council Jan. 4, with our elder, Bro. 
J. H. Neher, presiding. The voice of the church was unani- 
mous In reelecting Bro. Neher for our elder and pastor. The 
writer was chosen correspondent. Bro. F. H. Lyon was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Frank Porter, mis- 
sionary solicitor; Bro. Noah Blough, Messenger agent. — Re- 
becca L. Snavely, Box 44. Hudson, 111., Jan. 3. 

Liberty. — Jan. 4 we met in council, with Eld. J. W. Harsh - 
barger presiding Church officers for the present year were 
elected as follows: Bro. Otis Walton, clerk; Bro. Fred Arnold, 
treasurer; the writer, correspondent. Bro. Cleve Kaiser was 
reelected Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Zelda Rife, 
secretary. — Lillian W. Harshbarger, Liberty, 111., Jan. 7. 

Pleasant Grove church met in council Dec. 21. Our elder, 
Bro. Henry Lilllgh, presided. We had a pleasant meeting. 
Bro. S. W. Garber was chosen as our elder for one year; the 
writer was reelected leader of our Bible- readings. Bro. Lil- 
llgh preached to us last Saturday night, Sunday and Sunday 
night. On Sunday one was made willing to accept Christ, 
and baptism will be administered Jan. 12. We organized our 
Sunday-school Dec. 22, with Bro. Sherman Shoemaker as our 
superintendent— Robert C. Wells, Sheller, 111., Jan. 6. 

Sterling". — Dec. 16 our members met to reorganize the Sun- 
day-school. Bro. Olin Shaw, our elder, presided. Bro. Chas. 
Cosey was chosen superintendent; Sister Pearl Gayman, sec- 
retary; the writer, Sunday-school missionary. We held a meet- 
ing Dec. 30 to finish the work for the year by electing the 
various church officers. "One letter was received. The writer 
was chosen church correspondent for another year. Sunday 
preceding Christmas our Sunday-school gave a short pro- 
gram, enjoyed by all. Good interest is being manifested in 
the Christian Workers' Meeting. Although we are laboring 
without a pastor, the outlook for our work is not discouraging, 
for we know the Lord is near, to care for his flock. — Llllie 
Frantz, 310M; Ninth Avenue, Sterling, 111., Jan. 3. 

Arcadia, — Our council was held Jan. 4. Bro. James Hill 
presided. This was the time to elect our church officers for 
another year. Sister Z. Hill was reelected clerk; Bro. James 
E. Smeltzer, church treasurer; the writer, corresponding sec- 
retary; Abbie Hill, missionary solicitor; Sister Katie Barn- 
hizer, chorister. Bro. Elmer Fipps, of Windfall, Ind., preaches 
for us every two weeks. Bro. Chester Poff, of Kokomo, Ind., 
was with us Dec. 28 and 29, and delivered three good sermons. 
— Sarah Kinder, R. D. 15, Arcadia. Ind., Jan. 6. 

Eel River church met in special council Dec. 21, to elect 
a deacon. Elders Aaron Moss, John Dickey and Isaac Dear- 
dorff were with us. Bro. Samuel Perry was elected. At this 
meeting a collection of $9 was taken for the benefit of a poor, 
aged brother, who had sickness in his home. Dec. 2 Bro. 
Landa Kreider, District Sunday-school Secretary, gave us an 
excellent talk on "The Sunday-school." An Interesting se- 
ries of meetings closed at the Brick church yesterday evening. 
Bro. Wm. Overholser was with us. He preached fifteen in- 
spiring sermons while here. Sister Overholser. assisted in the 
song services. Two were baptized on New Tear's Day. — Lizzie 
Wolfe, Claypool, Ind., Jan. 6. 

ponntaln. — Eld. A. M. Laughrun, of Jonesboro, Tenn., be- 
gan a revival Dec. 21 at the Ant loch Mission, Ripley County, 
a point in this congregation. Five have been baptized. One 
more is awaiting the rite. The meetings stlil continue with 
good interest. — W. I. Klntner, Holton, Ind., Dec. 31# 

Ctoshen City. — This church met in council Dec. 19, with our 
elder, Bro. I. L. Berkey, presiding. Four letters were read. 
Officers for the various departments were then elected. Bro. 
I. L. Berkey was elected elder in charge for another year; 
Bro. John Warstler, clerk; Bro. Milton Wysong, chorister; 
Sister Stover, corresponding secretary; Bro. D. R. Toder, 
church treasurer and Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. 
Frank Hess, president of our Christian Workers' Meeting; 
Sister Daniel Logan, president of the Sisters' Aid Society; 
Sister John Warstler, superintendent of the home department. 
The reports showed that good work is being done In each 
department. Bro. Souders will begin our revival meetings 
about Jan. 15. — Nina Miller, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Mexico — Bro. Peter Stuckman came to us Dec. 15, and as- 
sisted in a three weeks' series of meetings. The weather was 
ideal, and good interest was manifested at all the meetings. 
He preached the Word with power. Eleven were received 
into the church by baptism. — Bertha I. Fisher, Mexico, Ind., 
Jan. 6. 

Noblesville. — Our Sunday-school was reorganized for 1913, 
with Bro. D. T. Bailiff as sup rintendent, and Bro. Duey Bail- 
iff, secretary. Our Christian Workers selected Bro. Walter 
Stern as president, and Sister Edna Heiny as secretary for 
1913. — E. E. Stern, R. D. 7, Noblesville, Ind., Jan. 6. 

North liberty congregation met in council Jan. 4. Our elder, 
Bro. Daniel Whitmer, presided. Two letters of membership 
were granted and two received. We elected officers for an-' 
other year for both houses. Bro. Whitmer was reelected 
elder; Bro. Bates, treasurer; the writer, clerk; Sister Lizzie 

Sously, Sunday-school superintendent for the Oak Grove 
house; Sister Heim, Sunday-school superintendent for the 
town house; Sister Anna Peterson, president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting for the town house; Sister Lizzie Sously, 
president for the Oak Grove house. Bro. Manly Deeter, of 
Milford. Ind., will conduct a series of meetings at Oak Grove 
either In February or March. — Dortha D. Foote, R. D. 1, 
North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Osceola.— Bro. Christian Metzler. of Wakarusa, Ind., came to 
assist us in a series of meetings. He preached seventeen 
sermons. The attendance and attention were good at all 
these services. Ten were made willing to put on Christ in 
baptism, and two await the rite One was reclaimed. The 
members were greatly strengthened and encouraged; as the 
result of these meetings— Benjamin Burket, Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 

Portland church met in council Dec. 7, our elder. D. M. By- 
erly, In charge. Church and Sunday-school officers were cho- 
sen for 1913. Bro. Calvin Flora is our clerk; Bro. Abe Sager, 
treasurer; Sister Ethel Hoppes, Messenger agent: Sister Eva 
Kroner, Messenger correspondent; Bro. W. R. LaFolIette, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister L. Journey, treasurer; 
Sister May Fritz, secretary; Sister Eva Kraner, chorister. 
We retained our pastor, Bio. Arthur Hoppes, for the com- 
ing year. We also retained our Temperance and Missionary 
Committees for 1913. We have a splendid Sunday-school, and 
we hope to do much better work during the ensuing year. 
During the past summer we made some repairs on our church, 
which makes it much more inviting for a city church. The 
Ladies' Aid 1 Society donated §16 toward repairing the church. 
— Sister Eva Kraner, Portland, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Santa Pe. — Our church just closed a two weeks' series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. George Swihart, of Roann, Ind. 
He gave us doctrinal meetings, strengthening the members and 
winning precious souls. Nine have been baptized, and one 
is awaiting the rite. Others are near the kingdom. — Ferry E. 
Coblenrtz, R. D. 21, Bunker Hill, Ind., Jan. 3. 

South Bend.— Our church met in quarterly council on Mon- 
day evening. Jan. 6. Brethren Kreider and Grater were pres- 
ent. At our former meeting Bro. Kreider was elected presid- 
ing elder of this church for 1913, and he gave us a favorable 
reply at this meeting. It was decided to observe Jan. 2G as 
Temperance Day, and to secure some good speaker for the 
day. The church record committee reported their rather 
difficult work of compiling the church record completed. Bro. 
Chas. Steele was elected president of the Christian Workers, 
to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of the president 
elected at our last meeting. The yearly reports of various 
organizations and committees of the church were submitted 
and approved. We start on the new year with good indica- 
tions for a successful year's work. — Cora V. Wise, First 
Church of the Brethren, South Bend. Ind., Jan. 7. 

Springfield. — Dec. 22 Bro. Leroy Smith met with our con- 
gregation at this place and preached a. very good sermon on 
"Faith and the Anointing." Dec. 28 tfhe members met in coun- 
cil. We selected Bro. J. W. Kitson as our elder for one year. 
We also reorganized our Sunday-school, with Bro. Jas. Toung 
reelected as our superintendent; Bro. Harry Frick, secretary. 
The following Sunday a dear sister put on Christ in baptism. 
Jan. 5 Eld. Wm. Hess, of Goshen, conducted our installation 
services.. — Etta Elson, Wawaka, Ind., Jam 9, 

Upper Pall Creek. — Dec. 21 we met in council at this place, 
with Eld. D. F. Hoover presiding. Our Sunday-sohool was re- 
organized for six months, with Sister E. Dellinger as super- 
intendent. We expect Bro. H. C. Early, of Penn Laird, Va., to 
conduct a series of meetings for us sometime in May. Eld. 
L. W. Teeter, of Hagerstown, Ind., and Eld. Wm. L. Hatcher, 
of Summitville, Ind., met with us in our council, to assist in 
some installation work. ' Their talks and presence were very 
much appreciated. — Lulu MeWIlliams, R. D. 2. Mlddletown, 
Ind., Jan. 4. 

Des Moines. — The dedicatory services of our new church 
commenced promptly at 10 A M. on New Tear's Day. Bro.. 
Blough, of Waterloo, Iowa, preached the dedicatory sermon 
to a large congregation 1 of our members, visitors, friends and 
neighbors. He favored us in the evening with another of his 
splendid sermons. The afternoon services were in charge of 
the visiting ministers, who gave short, Interesting talks on 
topics pertaining to the church and its growth. , Dinner and 
supper were served to our out-of-town guests at the old 
church building, one block north of the new church. The day 
was spent profitably In visiting with one another, and talking 
about the earnest, consecra.ted efforts of our early brethren 
and sisters, who labored and sacrificed for the growth, and 
development of the church. — Minnie Wilson, 719 East Twelfth 
Street, Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Grenola church met in council Jan. 3. Our elder, Bro. W. C. 
Watkins, presided. Sunday-school officers were reelected 
for six months, with Sister Loydston as superintendent; Sis- 
ter Witt, secretary. Bro. W. H. Miller, of Independence, Kans.. 
and Bro. A. Wampler, of Fredonia, Kans., were with us. Bro. 
William Wise was ordained to the eldership. Brethren T. H. 
Loydston and Ed. Stauffer were called to the deacon's office 
Bro. W. C. Watkins and family expect to move to McClave, 
Colo., this spring. This church chose Bro. Crist as our elder 
in charge for one year. He will begin a series of meetings 
for us Feb. 9, — Lydia V. Crumpacker, Grenola, Kans., Jan. 5. 
Independence.— On Sunday evening before Christmas we en- 
joyed a program, rendered by the Sunday-school, after which 
the children were given a treat. Dec. 29 our elder, Bro. W. H. 
Miller, preached for the members at Liberty, and Eld. F. E. 
Button, of Altoona, preached for us morning and evenlirg. 
His sermons were appreciated by all. Our teacher-training 
class meets each Tuesday evening. Our prayer meeting con- 
venes each Thursday evening. We met in council last even-' 
ing, with Bro. Miller presiding. We reelected him as our elder 
for this year; Sister Rebecca Miller, church treasurer; Sister 
Bessie Bankus, correspondent; Bro. Albert Corn, Messenger 
agent; Bro. Wm. Dyer, solicitor; the writer, clerk; Bro. Albert 
Corn, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Mary Miller, sec- 
retary; Sister Llllie Harlan, president of our Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting; Sister Jennie Corn, secretary. Sister Emma Corn 
was reelected superintendent of the cradle roll. Two were 
received by letter. We have preaching twice each Sunday. 
— Pella Carson, R. D. 2, Box 8, Independence, Kans., Jan. G. 

Morrill. — Dec. 23 we held our love feast, at the close of our 
revival meetings. Bro. W. Lampln had been laboring with us 
and preaching to us for three weeks. Thirty-three souls were 
born into the kingdom, and one was reclaimed. Our feast was 
well attended. Bro. I .ampin officiated. Mingled with the 
Joy of communion was the sadness caused by the death of Sister 
" William Davis, whose husband had been our elder here for 
years. On Christmas night our Sunday-school rendered a 
good Christmas program to a full house. At the close of the 
exercises 327 Rags of candy were given out to the Sunday- 
school scholars. — Don A. Sawyer, Morrill, Kans., Dec. 28. 

Ness City — Bro. J. J. Bowser, of Conway Springs, Mo., held 
a two weeks' series of meetings In Ness County, North Star 
schoolhouse. He gave us spiritual food to feast upon. The 
interest was good. We believe some good impressions were 
made. — A. F. Andes, Ness City, Kans., Jan. 6. 

Overbrook church met in council Jan. 4. Seven letters of 
membership were received, and one was granted. Church and 
Christian Worker officers were elected for the new year. 
Bro. I. C. Hoover was reelected elder In charge for another 
year. Our Sunday-school was reorganized for six months, 
with Bro. B. O. Hoover as superintendent. The writer was 
chosen church correspondent. Since our last report, Bro. 
F. E. McCune held a series of meetings for us. Dec. 22 our 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 


Christmas offering for District Mission work amounted to S12. 
—Myrtle H. Hoover, Overbrook, Kans,, Jan. 6. 

pleasant View. — We met in council Dec. 2S. Our elder, 
Pro. A. P.- Miller, presided, assisted by Bro. A. G. Miller. One 
letter was handed In. A few reports were summitted. The 
election of officers for the coming year resulted as follows: 
Bro. A. P. Miller, elder; the writer, clerk; Bro. J. H. Show- 
alter, treasurer; Bro. J. P. Showalter, trustee, solicitor and 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Scott Emmert and tihe 
writer, .choristers; Sister Mary Plnfrock, secretary and Mes- 
senger agent; Sister Olive Holllnger, Sunday-school secretary. 
The choosing of teachers is left to the several classes. Sister 
Minnie Rexroad was chosen president of our Christian Work- 
ers' Band, and Sister Annie Holllnger as our leader for three 
months. — Wilmer Keedy, R. D. 1, Darlow, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Quinter. — Eld. S. P. Thompson, of Lincoln, Nebr., came to 
this place Dec. 10, to conduct a series of meetings. The in- 
terest grew from the beginning. Bro. Thompson presented 
the truth in a forceful manner, to the upbuilding of the 
saints and the conversion of sinners. Porty-one were baptized 
and one was reclaimed. Their ages range from twelve to sixty- 
two years, Among those baptized were seven husbands, with 
tlieir wives, and two husbands whose wives are members. 
One entire family came to Christ, including husband, wife, two 
sons and one daughter-in-law. We regretted that our eider, 
Bro. Crist, could not be with us on account of the sickness of 
his wife, who is at a hospital In Chicago. Our united pray- 
ers went-up to the Heavenly Father In -their behalf that they 
may soon be restored to us. The meetings closed last night 
with a large crowd and good Interest. The, average attend- 
ance was about 400. — J. W. Jarboe, Quinter, Kans., Dec. 30." 

Scott Valley church met in council Jan. 4. .Our elder, Bro. . 
Clias. A. Miller, presided. One letter was granted. Bro. 
Chas. A. Miller was chosen elder in charge for another year; 
Bro. J, O. Studebaker, reelected trustee; the writer, Messen- 
ger agent and correspondent. Sister Leo Penton Is our Sun- 
day-school superintendent. We are glad that more members 
are moving into our midst. — Anna Miller, R. D. 2, West- 
phalia, Kans., Jan. 6. 

Baltimore. — The writer has been working by the use of 
cottage meetings, in teaching Bible doctrine. By the power 
of God two have been added to the church by baptism. Dr. 
J. S. Geis&r administered 'baptism. — J. S. Dorsey, 742 N. 
Butaw Street, Baltimore, Md 1 ., Jan. 8. 

Long Green Valley. — Our church met In council Dec. 29, Our 
elder, Bro. W. E. Roo.p, presided. Bro. Arthur Southard was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. J. C. Breiden- 
baugh was chosen president of our Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing. Bro. C. P. Breidenbaugh was elected trustee, to succeed 
Bro. Stouffer. Sister Ida V. Neuhauser was appointed pres- 
ident of our Temperance Committee, and Sister Grace Breid- 
enbaugh, secretary. The Blair Mission was granted permis- 
sion to hold a series of meetings this winter. We decided to 
send a contribution to the Rehobeth Mission for building pur- 
poses. Our Missionary Committee is aiding us in this work. 
On Thanksgiving Day Bro. J. M. Prigel preached an appro- 
priate sermon for us. The offering which was taken is to be 
used for mission purposes. Dec. 20 we held our Christmas 
Meeting. At the close of the service a treat was given to 
the children of the Sunday-school. Our prayer meetings con- 
tinue with good Interest and attendance. — Ida M. Neuhauser, 
Gittings, Md., Jan. 3. 

Beaverton church met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. Wra, Neft 
presiding. - Bro. Neff was reelected elder for another year. 
We decided to commence our series of meetings Jan. 24, to 
be conducted by Bro, D. G. Berkebile, of Lima, Ohio. Our 
Sunday-school has been reorganized, with Bro. Henry Rau as 
superintendent. We also decided to start a Christian Workers' 
Meeting. Three have been baptized since our last writing. — 
Katie Patterson, Beaverton, Mich., Jan. 7. 

^Crystal, — We met in council Jan. 4, for the purpose of 
electing our church officers for one year; officers for the 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting, six months 
each. Bro. George E. Stone will be our elder; Bro. R. B. Noll, 
clerk; Bro. Jos. Lechner, treasurer; the writer, chorister; 
Bro. John Brillhart, trustee for three years, and Bro. Jos. Lech- 
ner for one year; Bro. R. B. Noll, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; Bro. Fred Noll, secretary of the Sunday-school; Bro. Wit- 
bur Noll, president of Our Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. 
A. C. Young was reappointed Messenger agent. — W. H. Roose, 
Vickeryville, Mich., Jan. 6. 

Saginaw. — The Sunday-school and Bible Institute for the 
District of Michigan was held in this church Dec. 22 to Dec. 
29. Bro. Warren Slabaugh gave us earnest, consecrated 
teaching on various Bible doctrines. We had twenty-four ses- 
sions, full of Interest. — Sarah Long, Clarksville, Mich., Jan. 3. 

Medicine lake church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. J. E. 
Keller presiding. Bro. Wm. Eiler gave us an interesting ad- 
dress. The members were well represented. Two letters of 
membership were granted, and one letter was received. Church 
officers were elected for one year. Eld'. J. E. Keller was chosen 
as our elder in charge for another year; Bro, David Moothart, 
treasurer; Bro. J. K. Mow, clerk; the writer, correspondent. 
We had a Christmas program Dec. 29 for the Sunday-school. 
The interest at our school is good. Bro. Wm. Eiler was chosen 
as our superintendent. We decided to have a series of meet- 
ings in June. There are now quite a number of young mem-, 
bers among us, who, we trust, will become active helpers. — 
Mrs. J. E. Keller, Enterprise, Mont., Dec. 30. 


Cambridge — We enjoyed a good Christmas program Dec. 
25, in the evening. On Sunday morning we elected our Sunday- 
school officers. Bro. Albert Poush Is our superintendent; Sis- 
ter Clara G. Hopwood, secretary. We expect Bro. Wm. Lampin 
to conduct a series of meetings for us about the middle of Jan- 
uary. We hold prayer meetings twice a week, in preparation 
for our revival. — Minnie J. Corder, Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 1. 

Juniata church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. P. T. Gra- 
bill presiding, Bro. Grablll was unanimously reelected. Three 
letters were granted. Bro. A. L. Marchand was elected pres- 
ident of our Missionary Educational Committee. Sister Mary 
Butler and Bro. Louie McPerren were elected to rill vacancies 
on the Temperance Committee. Bro. C. P. Hargleroad, whose 
health is somewhat Impaired, and whose wife Is also suffer- 
ing affliction, has not been able to preach for us every Lord's 
Day, and not having had regular services on Sunday even- 
ings for two years, the church decided to secure a minister 
to conduct a series of meetings and to locate in our midst. 
Since our last report. Eld. Edwin Jarboe visited this congre- 
gation, in the interest of the Nebraska mission work, and 
preached for us a much appreciated sermon. — Mary Liverlng- 
house, Juniata, Nebr., Jan. 1. 

Kearney church met in council Jan. 4. Our elder, Bro. 
George Mishler, presided. All business was disposed of 
pleasantly. One sister was reclaimed. — Mary E. Whitney, 
Kearney, Nebr., Jan, 8, 

Sappy Creek church met in council, with Eld. Jacob Snell 
presiding. The following officers were elected for one year: 
Bro. J. F. Jarboe, elder; Bro. Arthur Chapman, clerk; Bro. 
Marvin Fetters, treasurer. Bro. Levi Stump was chosen to 
serve on the church committe for three years, Bro. Abr? Mish- 
ler, for two years, and Bro. J. C Fetters, for one year. The 
writer was chosen corresponding secretary. —Edna Mishler, 
Edison, Nebr., Jan. 8. 


Clovia church rhet in council Jan. 3, with Bro. Brown pre- 
siding. We decided to begin a series of meetings Jan. 12. 

Our pastor Is to do the preaching. Our Sunday-school and 
Cluist'ian Workers - Meeting gave two excellent programs — a 
temperance program Nov. 10, and a Christmas program on 
New Year's Eve. — Minnie B. Rodes, Clovis, N. Mex., Jan. 7. 


James Bivex — Bro. D. M. Shorb and wife, of Surrey. N. 

Dak., came here Dec 27. He preached five inspiring sermons 
for us. The schoolhouse was well filled each evening. We 
extend a special Invitation to ministering brethren to stop 
with us, when passing through our part of tiie country. We 
are very much isolated from the main body of the church. 
We have a fine country and good people. — Ella Z. Row, Brant- 
ford, N. Dak., Jan. 6. 

Minot. — Our cmirch has been pushing forward steadily in 
its work. Sept. 1, 1912, we moved out of the County Court- 
house Into a neat little church, recently purchased. Dec. 14, 
1912, we held our first love feast, which was much enjoyed. 
We have a lively home class department in connection with 
our Sunday-school work; also a cradle roll department. The 
District Mission Board met with our church on the evening 
of Dec. 31. They are in full sympathy with the work here, 
and are hoping for a continuance of its growth and a deeper 
spirituality among our members. Some money and clothing 
have been donated, to bo given to the poor, for which we 
thank the kind donors. — D. F. Landis, Minot, N. Dak., Jan, 6. 


County Une. — Nov. 9 Bro. B. F. Honeyman began a series 

of meetings here, laboring earnestly for two weeks. Two 

Sunday-school children came out on the Lord's side and were 

baptized. — Bessie L. Guthrie, Lafayette, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

PoBtoria, — Our council was held Nov. 27. Eld. B. F. Snyder, 
of Bellefontaine, Ohio, presided. Bro. Wm. Hamilton, of Vir- 
ginia, was secured as pastor for one year. Bro. Reuben 
Shroyer, of Canton, Ohio, began a series of meetings Deo. 8 
and closed Dec. 23. He labored very earnestly and faithfully 
with us. One was reclaimed, and the church was built up. 
Our Sunday-school was reorganized, Bro. J. I. Lindower being 
reelected as our superintendent Our new church building 
proves to be a very pleasant place of worship. Our field of 
labor Is large. — Rollie Miller, Fostorla, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Borne. — Bro. James Murray, of Sterling, Ohio, conducted 
an eight days' series of meetings here. On account of his 
health, be had to return home. We reorganized our Sunday- 
sohool the first of the year, with Pro. D. N. Schubert, super- 
intendent, and Sister Lena Thomas, secretary, Bro. J. A. New- 
comer was chosen leader of our Christian Workers' Meeting 
for three months. — Alletha Dell Newcomer, Alvada, Ohio, Jan. 

Bush Creek church met in council at the Bremen house Jan, 
4, with Eld. E. B. Bagwell presiding. One letter was granted. 
We elected Sunday-school officers for the ensuing year. Bro. 
Daniel Beery was elected superintendent, and Sister Bertha 
Bagwell, sec retary- treasurer. The officers were Installed Sun- 
day, Jan. 5, by Bro. Bagwell. — Mrs. Levi Stoner, Bremen. Ohio, 
Jan. 3. 

Big 1 Creek church met In council Dec. 14. Our elder, Bro. 
N. S. Gripe, presided. Eight letters were granted. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected for another year, with 
Bro. N. S. Gripe as our elder; Bro. S. G. Burnett, clerk; Bro. 
Fred Holderread, Messenger agent; the writer, correspondent; 
Bro. Fred Holderread, Sunday-school superintendent for the 
next six months; Sister Nellie Kinzie, secretary-treasurer; 
Bro. Blair Hoover, president of our Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing; Sister Sarah Fillmore, secretary for six months. Bro. 
Oliver Austin and wife, of McPherson, came Dec. 22 and be- 
gan a series of meetings for us. He preached fourteen In- 
spiring sermons. Five were -baptized. Bro. Austin returned 
to school on Friday, and Bro. Hoover preacrred during the re- 
mainder of the week. The Sunday-school children gave an 
interesting program on Christmas afternoon. — Mollis Fillmore, 
Cushing, Okla., Jan. 7. 

Guthrie.— Jan. 5 we were visited by Bro. D. E. Crlpe. He 
preached for us both morning and evening. Such excellent 
sermons are greatly appreciated. Bro. Crlpe returned to his 
home at Enid on Monday. — J. H. Neher, Guthrie, Okla., Jan. 8. 
Washita — -We met in councilman. 4. Eld. A. L. Boyd offi- 
ciated. The need of a larger meetinghouse was so apparent 
to all that there was little hesitancy in appointing a com- 
mittee to ascertain the wishes of the members in regard to 
the same. Officers for 1913 were elected as follows: Bro. 
A. L. Boyd, presiding elder; Bro. L. A. Vanlmah, clerk;* Bro. 
O. D. Yoder, treasurer; Bro. Cyrus Martin, Messenger agent; 
the writer, correspondent; Sister Rae Boyd and Bro. Lester 
Sellers, solicitors. Brethren O. D. Yoder and Cyrus Mar- 
tin were elected Sunday-school superintendents; Sister Rae 
Boyd, secretary-treasurer. Bro. Samuel Merkey was chosen 
president of our Christian Workers' Meeting. A pleasing and 
helpful Christmas program was given Dec. 22. A number of 
Sunday-school classes presented Christmas offerings. We 
were thankful for the timely arrival of Bro. D, E. Crlpe on 
this date, and especially so, since both of our ministers were 
called elsewhere. Bro. Crlpe gave us two interesting talks, 
and revived the interest In the Child Rescue work May many 
give more of their time and means to this noble work! — 
La Meta Dawson, xv, T>. 1, Cordell, Okla,, Jan. 7. 


Germantown. — Friday evening, Dec. 27, we held our Sun- 
day-school Christmas exercise. - The children gave a very 
interesting program. Twenty-six scholars of our Sunday- 
school attended each Sunday during the year. At the close of 
the service the ".mother church" was presented with a pulpit 
Bible by the Brethren ohurch of Philadelphia. The pastor, 
Bro. D. W. Kurtz, made the presentation. Our business meet- 
ing was held Jan. 6. The officers of the Sunday-school and the 
Christian Workers' Meeting were elected for another year. 
Our pastor, Bro. M. C. Swigart, is our superintendent; Bro. 
Walter Swigart, secretary; Sister Alice Martin, president of 
our Christian Workers' Meeting; Sister Helen Buchanan, sec- 
- retary. Ten baskets of food and clothing were sent to needy 
families on Christmas. — Anna Swigart, 6611 Germantown Ave- 
nue, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Hanover church met for council in the evening of Jan. 2. 
Our elder, Bro. Wm. H. Miller, presided. One letter was re- 
ceived. Bro. H. S. Baker was reelected superintendent of our 
Sunday-school. On New Year's Day Bro. W. B, Stover de- 
livered interesting and well-attended lectures in our church, 
morning and evening, on " Mission Work in India." In the 
evening a collection of J15 was taken for World-wide Mis- 
sions. Bro. Wm. H. Miller left here last Sunday to work for 
the Southern District of Pennsylvania, under the auspices of 
the Mission Board, for one year. — W. B. Harlacher, Hanover, 
Pa., Jan. 6. 

Johnstown (Locust Grove House). — We have organized our 
Sunday-school officers for 1913, by choosing Bro. John H. 
Berkebile as our superintendent; Bro. W. G. Wilson, secre- 
tary. Our school enrollment for 1912 was 118, Including the 
home department, and about twenty-five in the cradle roll. 
Of those In the main school, one attended every Sunday In 
the year, but there were several who attended from forty- 
three to fifty-one Sundays. We have recently taken our 
first examination in our teacher-training class. — Mrs. Frank 
F. Fyock, R, D. 2, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 7., 

Little Swatara. — -An Interesting series of meetings was 
held at the Zlegler house by Bro. Henry Sonon, of Satunga. 
Lancaster Co., Fa. The attendance was fair, and the interest 
very good. The members were strengthened and souls brought 
nearer to Christ Another series of meetings Is to begin 
at the Merkey house Jan. 11, when Bro. James Shlsler Is 
expected to assist In the work. Bro. Jacob W. Meyer, Jr., of 

Elizabethtown, Pa, was with us during the Holidays, and de- 
livered some Interesting rind encouraging sermons.— -H. M. 
Frantz. Myorstown, Pa.. Jan. S. 

Marsh Creek.— Our church met In council Jan. 4. Eld. Al- 
bert Holllnger presided. Two letters of membership were re- 
ceived. We decided to repair the Friends Grovo house in the 
early spring. We were glad to have with us, on the even- 
ing of Dec. 23, Bro. W. B. Stover, who gave us a much ap- 
preciated talk on his work In India A collection of $7.48 
was taken for foreign missions. — Ida M. Lightner, Gettys- 
burg. Pa.. Jan. 4. 

Midway. — Our series or meetings at the Cornwall house has 
closed. Five came out on the Lord's side. Bro. Hiram E. 
Kaylor. of Rheems, Pa., did bhe preaching. Bro. H. B. Yoder, 
of Lancaster. Pa., has promised to open a series of meetings 
at Lebanon March 9. At our regular council two letters were 
granted. Bro. Wm. A. Forry was elected superintendent of 
the Lebanon Sunday-school and the writer in a like capacity 
at Midway.— A. H. Brubacher, R. D. 7. Lebanon. Pa, Jan. 8 

Philadelphia (First Church of the Brethren, Dauphin 
Street above Broad Street). — Dec. 30 it was sixty years since 
our dear sister, Mary S. Geigcr, was received Into our ohurch 
by baptism. God has blessed her wonderfully, and used her 
as a blessing to others. To know her Is to love her. She Is 
still active in her mission of love, and is in her usual place 
at ohurch services. In commemoration of her spiritual birth- 
day, we presented .ier with sixty carnations. Bro. Wm. I. 
Book made the presentation speech, which was so impressive 
and fitting for the occasion that all hearts were touched. 
May our Heavenly Father continue to bless her, that her 
lastdays may be her best days, filled with that peace which 
posseth all understanding. Wo nro glad that Sister Barbara 
Houser. from the Falling Spring congregation, has been able to 
return to her home. She had undergone a very serious opera- 
tion at the Jefferson Hospital In our city. About threo weeks 
ago she expressed the desire to bo anointed, so Eld. M. C. Swi- 
gart and our pastor, Bro. J. Webster Kurtz, anointed her. 
She began to improve immediately. We would be glad If all 
members and their children would let us know when they 
enter any of our hospitals, so that they can be visited by 
our pastor and other members. Tills would give them much 
comfort In their loneliness and great suffering— Mrs. Wm H 

B. Sclmell, 1906 North Park Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. C. 
Plum Creek. — Our Christmas service, which was held Dec 

23, consisted of special music, recitations and exercises by the 
children. Each child seemed to enjoy saying something In 
memory of the Christ child. Our house was taxed to its ut- 
most to accommodate the audience, We aimed to remember 
each member of the home department and crndlo roll with 
some token of love. Dec. 5 the pastor's wife was agreeably 
surprised, when twenty-two of the sisters and several of the 
brethren came to the parsonage, each one bringing a basket. 
Just before dinner a beautiful quilt was presented to Sister 
Replogle. Our council will be held Feb. 8, at 1: 30 P. M.— 
H. S. Replogle, R. D. 1, Shelocta, Pa, Jan. 2. 

Bed Bank church met In council Dec. 21. In the absence of 
our elder, Bro. I-I. S. Replogle, the writer presided. Officers 
for 1913 were elected as follows: Bro. H. S. Replogle, older; 
Bro. E. Z. Shumaker, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. A. 

C. Shumaker, church clerk; Bro. A. D. Hetrlck, assistant olerk 
and also treasurer; Sister Narclssa Ferguson, Messenger cor- 
respondent; Brethren Howard Shumaker and Arthur Morris, 
ushers; Bro. A. C. Shumaker, chorlator; and also trustee for 
three years; Bro. A. D, Hetrlck, trustee for two years; Bro, 
M. E. Shumaker, trustee for one year. Though wo are In tlio 
country, our Sunday-school attendance Is as good now as It 
was In the summer. Our Sunday-school presented to a poor 
Invalid girl in our community a rolling chair for a Christmas 
present. The teacher-training class presented the pastor, who 
Is teaching the class, a valuable red-letter Bible. The resig- 
nation tendered Oct. 6 by the writer, as pastor, to take effect 
Dec. 31, was not accepted by the ohurch, when considered 
Oct. 13. Being urged to remain, he has decided to do so 
until Sept. 1, 1913, at least. This church Is just completing 
an excellent parsonage beside the church, on a half aero of 
ground. — L. R. Holslnger, New Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Scalp Level congregation met In council Jan. 1, Eld. D. S. 
Clapper presiding, One letter of membership was received. 
All the old officers were retained for the ensuing year, ex- 
cept the finance committee. A few vacancies wore filled. Bro. 
Harvey Replogle exj ects to come to our congregation as pas- 
tor about April. Our noxt council mooting will be held on 
Good Friday evening.— Eva S. Billing, 1801 Somerset Ave- 
nue, Wlndiber, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Shade Creek. — We met In council Jan. 4, Two lottora of 
membership were received, and two were granted', New offi- 
cers were elected for another year. Bro. S. W. Knavol Is our 
treasurer; Bro. C. S. Knavel, secretary; Bro. H. D. Jones, 
assistant; Sister Stella Penrod, corresponding secretary. Bro, 
Lewis Penrod was chosen as a member of the Temperance 
Committee, and Sister Pearl Weaver as a member of the Mis- 
sionary Committee. Our next council will be held March 8. 
Dec. 29 we closed a ten days' Bible Institute at the Berkey 
house, taught by Bro. E. E. Eahelrnan, of Bethany Bible 
School. Sister Eshelinan spoke on Sunday afternoon. Wo 
had the "Parables and the Book of James" In the forenoon, 
"Church Doctrine and Sunday-school Lessons for I91H " In 
bhe afternoon, and in the evening Rom, 1: 8 was the topic. — 
Stella Penrod, R. D. 1, Wlndber, Pr_, Jan, C. 

Snake Spring Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. 

Wm. Holslnger, of Williamsburg, Pa., In tho Koontz church, 
commenced Dec. 7 and closed Dec. 23. Tho services wero 
well attended. Bro. Holslnger preached the Gospel In a way 
that all could understand. Six of our young Sunday-school 
scholars united with the church. Others are almost persuaded. 
Splendid interest prevailed during the entire revival, and the 
(Concluded on Page 48.) 


'Write what thou scent, and send it unto the churches" 


Dec. 9, and continuing until the 21st, there was held in 
the Berean Bible School Auditorium a special course of in- 
struction, the regular teacher being assisted by Eld. S. F. 
Sanger, of Empire, Cal., and Eld. Walter S. Long, of 
Tyrone, Pa. Each of these brethren taught about twenty 
lessons during the day. Twelve sermons were also given 
liy them in the evenings. The attendance was very satis- 
factory and the interest most excellent. These dear breth- 
ren live far apart and had made no arrangement as to the 
course they would pursue. With them it was just "trust the 
Lord," and surely the Lord brought together such har- 
monious teachings as he alone can do. 

Bro. Long gave us Galatians, showing how the law was 
put out of effect-by faith in Jesus Christ. He did this so 
clearly that no one need be any longer ignorant of the 
great issues between Moses' law and Jesus' Gospel. He 
also gave us most remarkable teachings on the "Parables 
of Matthew Thirteen." Though these teachings have 
been a distinctive feature of this school during the past 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 

five years, Bro. Long added clearness and force, so that 
those who were in his classes were able to go home with 
truth greatly enlarged and clarified. 

Bro. Sanger stuck to "Church Government," "Christian 
Evidences" and "New Testament Ordinances," with a 
force and clearness that brought much joy to the hearers. 
Altogether the studies were edifying, and left a very 
grateful and lasting impression. The evening talks were 
on kingdom themes. The difference between the kingdom 
of God and the church was greatly cleared up by Bro. 
Long. Then, again, Bro. Sanger is certainly clear on 
church government. We are very glad for their help and 
Christian goodness. Only such is of golden value. Stub- 
ble is abundant and brought often in heaps, but these dear 
brethren brought us many precious gems of truth that will 
last forever. M. M. Eshelman. 

Los Angeles, Cal., Dec 22, 

We met in council Dec. 26. Our minister, Bro. G. L. 
Wine, presided. Eld. I. B. Wike was also present. Our 
elder, Bro. J. D. Mishler, could not be with us. One let- 
ter was received. Sunday-school officers were elected, 
with Bro. W. H. Weybright as superintendent, and Bro. 
Elden Shoemaker as secretary. Sister Lulu Paulding was 
chosen president of the Christian Workers' Meeting, and 
Sister M. C. Bailey, president of the home department. 
As the weather was stormy, the attendance was small. 
Our series of meetings is to commence the middle of Feb- 
ruary. Bro. William Lampin, of Polo, 111., will be with 
us. Our Sunday-school entertainment, given on Christ- 
mas Eve, was well attended, and all who were able brought 
an offering for the poor. The scholars were given nuts 
and candy, which made happy hearts. "It is more blessed 
to give than to receive." 

Our hearts were made sad and our eyes were filled with 
tears, to see homes with from six to nine children in which 
the father lies sick with a fever. In one home the father 
was just recovering from his illness. He had fallen off a 
very high bridge, and both his legs were broken. The 
mother was much pleased when we told her that the Sun- 
day-schocl and the Sisters' Aid Society had remembered 
them. They appreciated this assistance, and thanked us 
kindly for the donation. It was sad to hear of one aged 
couple, living in a flat, and not able to get out of doors, 
who are now under the hand of affliction. Their regret is 
that they neglected to own the Savior as their Master 
earlier in life. 

We are glad that our Heavenly Father remembers and 
blesses many of us with health and good homes. He 
gives us willing hands and hearts to help brighten some 
other homes in this world of sin and distress. I am sure 
there is plenty to do, if we will but look around and see. 
,We can, if nothing more, give a cup of cold water. 

John B. Bailey. 

700 Guilford Street, Huntington, Ind., Dec. 28. 


For a number of years members of the Brethren church 
have been moving into the upper end of the Wenatchee 
Valley, including several ministers. One of them was 
Eld. Miller, from North Carolina, who passed to his re- 
ward a few years ago. Bro. L. A. Gans has been doing 
some preaching here during these years, and during the 
past summer has been superintending a Sunday-school 
near his home. And, by the way, his is an evergreen 
school. We have preaching regularly, but as the mem- 
bers are living so scattered, it is almost impossible for 
them to attend services regularly. 

We have always hoped that enough members would lo- 
cate in the upper end of this fertile valley, that an organ- 
ization might be effected. Now we are sure that this will 
become a reality, as there are fourteen families of the 
Brethren (and some who are not members), who have 
bought land north of Leavenworth, their holdings being 
about three miles from each other. Should all move to 
their land, there would be a membership of forty-five, be- 
sides quite a large number of children. Not only can we 
hope to have a thriving congregation, but we can be as- 
sured of a first-class graded public school, as there will 
be about seventy-five children and young people. 

There is still some very good new land, which will be 
bought in the near future by other families, so there is no 
reason why there should not be a congregation of a hun- 
dred members enrolled, to say nothing about the many 
added to the public school list. The Brethren are espe- 
cially anxious that other members locate among them. 
This locality is especially favored by having ready access 
to railways, — one on each side of them, — and only about 
four and one-half miles apart, so there is no waiting for 
transportation. The Brethren will gladly answer all in- 
quiries, j. R. Peters. 

Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 30. 


Christmas Day has come and gone. The children could 

hardly wait. The beautiful warm sunshine, preceded by 

several weeks of pleasant weather, made all hearts to 

overflow with joy. Previous arrangements had been made 

for all to meet at the mission on Christmas Day, and it 
was truly a pleasure to meet the little "tots," and older 
ones, too, and welcome them into our home. Every room 
was thrown open to accommodate those who assembled. 
As the older ones were visiting and the children were 
chattering and laughing, the sisters were busy in the 
kitchen and dining hall. Soon the invitation came: "All 
things are ready. Come." All eyes were opened widely 
as they entered the hall. The room was decorated beau- 
tifully with evergreen wreaths, mottoes, pictures and 
Christmas bells. But the best of all were the two long 
tables, heavily laden with good things to eat, sent in by 
the good brethren and sisters of the Southern District of 

As they all sat quietly around the tables, we sang 
"Praise God, from whom all blessing flow." A few min- 
utes were spent in talking about our blessings, of the 
Christian love that prompted the people to send so many 
good things to us, and of God's love to send Jesus to us; 
while their attention was called to the large motto on the 
wall, "To You Is Born a Savior." After the blessing was 
asked, all enjoyed the good meal. Ninety dinners were 
served at the mission, besides many baskets sent out to 

All the departments of, work are prospering nicely. 
Many souls are drawing close to the kingdom. Last Sun- 
day evening four were received into the church by bap- 
tism. God's promises never fail. Help us, Lord, to do our 
part! Homer F. Caskey. 

' 823 Avenue F, Council Bluffs, Iowa, Dec. 28. 


' What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder " 

Marriage notices should be accompanied by GO cents 

B p. yt-Mahler. — By the undersigned, at the residence of the 
bride's aunt, Sister Mary Mahler, of Rombauer, Mo., Dec. 24, 
1312, Bro. Newton Bayt, of Dexter, Stoddard Oounty, Mo., ajid 
Sister Ida M. Mahler, of Rombauer, Butler Co., Mo. — C. P. 
Rowland, Lanark, 111. • 

Booiie-Hylton. — By the undersigned, in the Brethren church, 
Gentralla, Wash., Dec. 8. 1912, Bro. Raford Boone, of Olympia, 
Wash., and Sister Ada a Hylton, of Centralia, Wash. — M. P. 
Woods, Centralia, Wash. 

Burns-Bichter. — Jan. 1, 1913, by the undersigned, at the 
home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Richter, of 
Rrantford, N. Dak., Mr. Dorsey D. Burns and Misa Bessie 
Alice Richter, botn of Branitford, N. Dale— D. M. Sh'orb, Surrey,' 
N. Dak. 

Conover-Queaenberry. — By the undersigned, at his residence, 
Oct 28, 1912, Mr. Beecher Conover, of Thompsonville, 111., 
and Sister Olga f. Quesenberry, of Outlook, Wash. — A. H. 
Partch, Outlook, Wash. 

Curtis-Joyce. — By the undersigned, Dec 18, 1912, at the res- 
idence of Bro. O. A. Myer, Mr. Mayne Curtis and Sister Grace 
Joyce, both of Williston, N. Dak.— Abram Miller, Williston, 
N. Dak. 

Deeter-Oda.— By Eld. Jesse Stutsman, Dec. 31, 1912, at the 
home of the bride's parents, in the bounds of the Ludlow 
church, Darke County, Ohio, Mr. Ellis Deeter and Sister Onda 
Oda. — Ruth Delk, Arcanum, Ohio. 

Guthrie -Teegarden. — By the undersigned, Dec. 31, 1912, Bro. 
J. L. Guthrie, of Lafayette, Ohio, and Sister Rose Teegarden, 
of 1222 Pine Street, Nashville, Term.— A. M. Bashor, Law- 
renc&burg, Tenn. 

jamiBon-Boeaon, — By the undersigned, at Fruifcland, "Idaho, 
Dec. 15, 1912, Bro. Cephas Jamison and 1 Sister Vergle Roesch, 
of Quinter, Kans. — H. A. Kauffman, Payette, Idaho. 

Mootkeart-CookBOn. — By the undersigned, at the home of 
the bride's parents, Brother and Sister Robert L. Cookson, 
of Froid\ Mont, Nov. 20, 1912, Bro. Harvey Moothart, of 
Culbertson, Mont., and Sister Harvine Cookson, of Froid, 
Mont — D. M. Shorn, Surrey, N. Dak. 

Musselman-Miller.— By the undersigned, at his residence, 
Dec. 18, 1912, Bro. Charles Musselman and Sister Emma Miller, 
both of Olathe, Johnson Co., Kans. — H. F. Crist, 724 W. Cedar 
Street, Olathe, Kans. 

Pletcher-Crlpe. — By the undersigned, Jan. 1, 1913, at the 
home of the bride, Bro. Arthur Fletcher, of Goshen, Ind., and 
Sister Dora Ellen Cripe, of the same place. — J. E. Weaver, 
Goshen, Ind. 

Eondlun-Chitwood. — By the undersigned, at his home, Lewis 
Roudlun, of Multnomah County, Oregon, and Emma Chitwood, 
of Clackamas County, Oregon.— J. A, Royer, 4612 Seventy- 
third Street, S. E., Portland, Oregon. 

SidweU-riickiriger. — By the undersigned, at the home of 
the bride, Dec, 27, 1912, Mr. J. Ray Sldwell, of Morrill.-Kans., 
and Miss Delta A. Flickinger. — C. B. Smith, Morrill, Kans. 

Stiverson-Englar. — In the Brethren church, Tacoma, Wash., 
by the writer, Nov. 12, 1912, Bro. Fred A. Stlverson, of Ta- 
coma, and Sister Grace E. Englar, of Seattle, Wash. — M. P. 
Woods, Centralia, Wash: 

Stover-Abbott.— By the undersigned, at the home of the 
groom's mother, Sister Barbara Stover, Jan. 1, 1913, Bro. 
Ira J. Stover and Sister Pearl M. Abbott, both of Friend, Kans. 
— Edward Weaver, Friend, Kans. 

Tate-Boesch — By the writer, at the home of the bride's 
parents. Brother Henry and Sister Lizzie Roesch, Jan. 1. 1913, 
Mr. Chester A. Tate and Sister Nellie M. Roesch, both of 
GIrard, 111. — J. A. Smeltzer, 3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago, 

Wagoner-Myers. — By the undersigned, Jan. 1, 1913, Bro. 
Ray S. Wagoner and Sister Nettle R. Myers, at the home of 
the bride's parents, Eld. S. R. Myers and wife, near Webber, 
Kans. — Eld: J. Edwin Jarboe, Red Cloud, Nebr. 


"Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord" 

AmOB, Sister Julia, nee Hooton, died at the home of her 
daughter, Sister Eliza Kelly, Cabool, Mo., Dec. 23, 1912, aged 
62 years, 2 months and 11 days. She was the mother of two 
children. One of them preceded her. Sister Amos' husband 
died In 1905. She was afflicted for several years, but a patient 
sufferer. She was a faithful member. Services by Bro. C. W. 
Gltt at the Brethren church in CabooL Interment In the 

Greenwood cemetery. — Hazel Bogart, R. D. 2, Box 100, Cabool, 

Bashor, Bro. Noah Nathaniel, born Feb. 4, 1861, near Nash- 
ville, Tenn., died near Pendleton, Oregon, Dec 13, 1912, aged 
51 years, 10 months and 9 days. He united with the Church 
of the Brethren at. the of twenty-three years, and has 
lived a good life ever since. He crossed the plains with his 
parents in 1878. He was married to Miss Amanda Ritter, of 
Albany, Oregon, in 1S84. To them were born rive daughters 
and one son. One daughter preceded him. He leaves his wife, 
four daughters and one son; also four sisters and four Broth- 
ers. Services by the writer. — -C. W. Metz, Weston, Oregon. 

Baughman, Bro. Jacob, born Sept 20, 1851, died Oct 21, 
1912, near Teegarden, Ind., In the bounds of the Pine Creek 
congregation, aged 61 years, 1 month and 1 day. He was mar- 
ried to Amanda Stump June 3, 1883. To this union were born 
two sons and one daughter. He Is survived by his wife, three 
children, four brothers and one sister. He united with the 
church while young, and remained true to the end. Last May 
he became partly paralyzed and almost speechless, but bore 
his affliction patiently. Services at the East house near his 
home by the writer. — Daniel Wysong, Nappanee, Ind> 

Brumbaugh, Bro. Henry Daugherty, born at Clover Creek, 
Bedford Co., Pa,, Feb. 24, 1842, died at Fruita Colo., Nov. 14, 
1912, aged 70 years, 8 month and 20 days. Nov. 24, 1863, he 
was married to Sarah Goohnour. To this union were born ten 
children. Eight of them, with his wife, are still living. Two 
of his sons are ministers; Bro. Brumbaugh united with the 
Church of the Brethren at the age of eighteen years, and con- 
tinued a consistent Christian life. He served in the office of 
deacon for about forty years. He came to Colorado in 1804. 
He suffered for some time with Bright' s disease, which was 
the cause of his' death. Services by the writer, assisted by 
Eld. J. R. Frantz. — S. Z. Sharp, Fruita, Colo. 

Cool, Sister Mary Elizabeth, daughter of John and Cath- 
erine Cool, born Jan. 18, 1850, near Mount Crawford, Rocking- 
ham Co., "Va., died Dec. 30, 1912, at the home of her daughter 
in Tippecanoe City, Ohio, aged 63 years, 11 months and 12 
days. Dec 6, 1872, she was united In marriage to John W. 
Cool. To this union three daughters were born. In Maroh, 
1373, she moved from Virginia to Clark County, Ohio. Later 
on she and her husband went to live with their daughter at 
Tippecanoe City. Sister Cool united with the Church of the 
Brethren at New Carlisle, Ohio, in 1873. Her husband, two 
daughters and one brother survive. Services at the New Car- 
lisle church by Eld. David Leatherman. Text, 2 Cor. 3: 18. — 
Elsie Wlnget, Springfield, Ohio. 

Davis, Bro. Job, died Dec 12, 1912, aged 44 years, 6 months 
and 10 days. The deceased was working in the woods, one 
mile from Hai-man; when a limb hit his head, killing him in- 
stantly. The remains were taken to Clete Rains and pre- 
pared for burial; then taken' to Parsons where Interment 
was made. At the time of his death his home was at Harman. 
Twelve years ago he united in marriage to Annie Miller, daugh- 
ter of Bro. N. B. Miller. His wife died June 20, 1910. To this 
union two children were born. Both of them died'. Bro. Job 
was a member of the Brethren church for many years, and 
lived a consistent Christian life. Interment at Harman. — Lena 
Harman, Harman, W. Va. 

Elliott, Edith Elizabeth, infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Elliott, died Dec. 23. 1912. Services at the home by 
the writer. Burial at Garfield Park cemetery. Text, Matt. 
19: 13-15. — C. Walter Warstler, 902 Sutton Avenue, Grand 
Rapids, Mich. 

riorea, Joseph Hamilton, died Jan. 2, 1913, in the bounds of 
the Marble Furnace congrega J ion, Ohio, aged 45 years, 1 month 
and 22 days. He leaves a wife, a son at home and a married 
daughter, one brother and three sisters. One of them lives 
in Seattle, Wash. The deceased was a member of the Lawshe 
Christian church. He was married to Emma Elizabeth Hill 
Sept. 10, 1885. He died of an epileptical affection. Services at 
the Lawshe Christian church by the writer. Theme, "The Fa- 
ther's House."— Van B.' Wright, Box 26, Sinking Spring, Ohio. 

Hc-iner, Sister Mary Ann, nee Roser, born Nov. 25, 1844, fh 
Franklin County, Pa., died at her home in Guernsey, Wyo., 
Dec 18, 1912, aged 68 years and 5 days. At the age of fifteen 
she united with the Church of the Brethren, and although iso- 
lated from the church, lived a consistent Christian life. She 
was united in marriage to Ellas Herner May 16, 18.66. To 
this union were born eight children. She is survived by her 
aged husband anduflve children. Services by the writer near 
Grando, Wyo., where the remains were laid to rest. Text, 
John 14: 2.— John A. Robinson, 1109 South Washington Ave- 
nue, Denver, Colo. 

Herrijig, Bro. William Henry, born Nov. 15, 1833, died at 
Somerfield, Pa., Dec. 24, 1912, aged 79 years, 1 month and 9 
days. His remains were brought to the Sandy Creek congre- 
gation where he formerly lived. Services by the writer at 
the Salem house, after which interment was made beside his 
wife, who preceded him eight years. — Jeremiah Thomas, 
Bruceton Mills, W. Va. 

KogerreiB, Henry, died at Reistvllle, Pa., Dec. 10, 1912, aged 
75 years, 10 months and 9 days. The deceased was widely 
known and respected. He was a faithful attendant at church 
and loved its doctrines. Services and interment at the Heidel- 
berg house. — F. L. Reber, ineyerstown, Pa. 

Kelso, Sister Leah F., nee King, born at Kingwood, Somer- 
set Co., Pa., July 5, 1844, died at the home of her son, Shelley, 
near Holtvllle, Cal., Dec. 3, 1912, aged 68 years, 5 months and 
3 days. She was united in marriage to B. F. Kelso Aug. 8, 
1876. To this union were born two sons and one daughter. 
The daughter preceded her in death. She and her husband 
united with the Church of the Brethren in August, 1878. 
Services by Bro. C. E. Gillett in the Christian church at Holt- 
ville. Text, 2 Cor. 5: 1. Interment in the El Centro cemetery. 
—Minnie E. Gillett, Holtville, Cal. 

King, Sister Elizabeth, nee Frantz, died at Myerstown, Pa., 
Oct. 10, 1912, aged 61 years, 11 months and 7 days. She leaves 
three sons and .three daughters. She was a faithful member 
of the church, and took a deep interest in its growth and de- 
velopment. Services by the Brethren. Interment at Heidel- 
berg. — F. L. Reber, Meyerstown, Pa- 
May, Bro. Arthur S-, son of Sarah and Siram May (de- 
ceased), died at the home of his mother at Auburn, Va., Dec. 
17, 1912, aged 38 years, 8 months and 11 days. He was a 
sufferer of paralysis for twenty years, and had epileptic fits 
for eighteen years. He is survived by his mother, three sis- 
ters and four brothers. Services by Bro. Israel Weibley at the 
Valley View church. — Mollie Hedrick, Nokesville, Va. 

Michael, Sister Lydia, nee Whitehead^ daughter of David 
and Mary Ann Whitehead, born March 18, 1853, near Dayton, 
Ohio, died at her home in Trotwood, Ohio, Dec. 5, 1912, aged 
59 years, 6 months and 17 days. She was united in marriage 
to Bro. Wesley Michael Jan. 15, 1899. She accepted her Savior 
in early life. She leaves her husband, five brothers and four 
sisters. Services tn the Trotwood church by Bro. D. M. Garver 
— Ethel Bowser, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Miller, Sister Eliza, born in York County, Pa., March 24 
1827, died in the Pipe Creek church, Micmi, Ind., of pneumo- 
nia, Dec 27, 1912, aged 85 years and 9 months. She was 
united in marriage to Bro. Eli Miller April 11, 1844, who died 
about eighteen years ago. Two daughters and one son were 
born to this union. All of them survive. Sister Miller united 
with the church many years ago, and lived faithful to the 
end. Services by Bro. Frank Fisher. — W. B. Dailey, R D 8 
Peru, Ind. 

Moss, Edna, wife of Edwin Moss, died near Croswell, Mich. 
Jan. 2, 1913, aged 21 years. She was the daughter of ' J and 
Jane Overly, of Miami County. Ind. Edna was married nearly 
two years to Edmond Moss, of Cass County, Ind. They moved 
to a farm near Croswell, Mich., in March,.1911. Her body was 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 


liroiiffht to Cliili, Intl., near her old home, where the funeral 
was conducted by Daniel Hopkins, of the Progressive church, 
of which she was a member. She leaves a little daughter only 
a few days old, and a young husband. Interment in the cem- 
etery near by.— Aaron Moss, North Manchester. Ind. 

L/tosselman, Sister Hannah, nee Wiles, died at her home near 
Waterside, Fa., In the New Enterprise congregation, Dec. 27, 
1912, aged 34 years, 6 months and 16 days. Sister ilusselman 
was a devoted Christian lady. Services In the New Enterprise 
church by Eld. D. A. Stayer, assisted by E!d. John Harsh- 
bei'ger, of Everett, Pa., and Eld. D. T. Detwiler. Text, Matt 
14: 42. Interment on the hill near the church. — W. H. Mentzer, 
Loysburg, Pa. 

Myers, Bro. Abraham P.. born Dec. IS, 1841, died of tubercu- 
losis, at his home, on. the farm where he was born, in the 
Green Mount congregation, near Green Mount, Va., Dec 11, 
1012, aged 70 years, 11 months and 23 days. Bro. Myers was 
a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren for about 
lifty years. He was married to Christian V. Good, who sur- 
vives him. Three sons and three daughters blessed this union. 
One of the daughters preceded him almost twenty years ago. 
Last winter he was taken with la grippe, at which time he 
called for the anointing. About two weeks before he died, he 
called for the anointing again. He also called for a love feast 
at his home, this fall, which was granted. Thirteen members 
(most of whom were his near relatives) enjoyed the feast 
with him. Services at the Green Mount church by Eld. D. 
Hays and Bro. B". B. Miller. Text, Heb. 26: 10. — Jacob A. Gar- 
ber, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Myers, Mrs. Virginia M., nee Sellers, wife of Bro. S. R. 
Myers, died of heart trouble and complication of diseases, on 
the Tide Spring farm, Llnville, Rockingham Co., Va., Dec. 30, 
1912, aged B6 years, 9 months and 20 days. Besides her hus- 
band, she leaves one brother and one sister. Services at the 
Fellowship Methodist church by her pastor, Rev. G. W. Rich- 
ardson, assisted by Bro. G. "W. Flory. Interment in the Sellers 
burying ground near by. Text, Psa. 90. — Katie Kline, Broad- 
way, Va. 

Neher, Sister Mary, born in Montgomery County, Ohio, Oct. 
23, 181.6', died in the Romin-e congregation, Marion Co., 111., 
aged 96 years, 2 months and 6 days. She was the daughter of 
Andrew and Mary Metzger. Sept. 17, 1837, she was married 
to Daniel Neher. To this union were born three sons and two 
daughters. The sons were all ministers. One son and two 
daughters survive her. Sister Neher's husband died April 12, 
1SS1. Since then she lived most of the time with her son-in- 
law and daughter, "William and Mary Caylor, where she died. 
During the last three months she suffered intensely. She gave 
lier heart to God in her youth, and lived a devoted Christian 
life. Services by Bro. S. S. Fonts, In the Romine church. In- 
terment in the cemetery close by, beside her husband. — Lizzie 
Fouts, Salem, 111, 

Pyle, Bro. Moses, born April 6, 1826, died Dec. 27, 1912, aged 
86 years, 8 months and 22 days. Bro. Pyle united with the 
Church of the Brethren more than fifty years ago and re- 
mained faithful till death. Services -by the undersigned in 
the Methodist church, Acme, Pa. Text, Rev. 22: 14. Inter- 
ment in the Brown cemetery, near Denegal, Pa. — B. B. Lud- 
wiclc, ML Pleasant, Pa. 

Scamehome, Bro. "William, died Dec. 22, 1912, in the Osceola 
congregation, Ind., aged 79 years, S months and 22 days. Serv- 
ices at Granger, Ind., and Interment two miles west of that 
place. He leaves two sons, two daughters and a loving wife. 
Services by Eld. H. M. Schwalm, of Wakarusa, Ind. — B. Bon- 
tus, Osceola, Ind. 

Shaver, Sister Martha J., born July 12, 1844, died in the 
Green Mount congregation, Va., at the home of Bro. P. I, Gar- 
ber, Dec 18, 1912, aged 68 years, 5 months and .6 days. Sister 
Martha was in her usual health until a few hours before she 
died, iwhen she was taken with a severe attack of muscular 
rheumatism and heart failure. She is survived by one brother 
and two sisters. Services by Elders S. W. McCann and Daniel 
Hays, at the Green Mount church. Interment in the cemetery 
near by.— L. Katie Ritchie, R. D. 6, Box 25, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Shlvely, Sister Sarah, nee Garnand, born in Frederick Coun- 
ty, Md., March 15, 1844, died in the Pipe Creek church, Ind., 
Dec. 29, 1912, aged 68 years, 9 months and 14 days. She came 
with her parents to Miami County, Ind., in 1863. Oct. 16, 1864, 
she was united 1 in marriage to Bro. Christian H. Shlvely, who 
survives, besides five children, one brother and four sisters. 
She united with the Church of the Brethren in 186.6, and re- 
mained faithful to her calling. Services by Bro. Irvin Fisher. 
— <W. B. Dalley, R. D. 8, Peru, Ind. 

Showalter, Sister Sarah, died of heart disease at the Breth- 
ren Home, Neffsville, Pa., Dec. 19, 1912, aged 79 years, 5 
months and 20 days. She was a member of the Ephrata con- 
gregation. Services at the church by Elders I. W. Taylor 
and David Kilhefner. Text, Dph. 3: 9-11.— J. M. NeflC, Ephrata, 

Smith, Bro. Amos Franklin, born in Owen County, Ind., 
March 24, 1S66, died at his home in Jasonville, in the bounds 
of the Dick Creek congregation, Clay Co., Ind., Dec. 23, 1912, 
aged 46 years and 8 months. He was married to Sister Mary 
Boyer in 1887, To this union were born fourteen children. 
Four of them preceded him. He is survived by his widow, 
four sons and six daughters. Services by Eld. D. T. Holsinger. 
— (Mrs.) Bessie Long, Coal City, Ind. 

Souder, Bro. Mahlon, died at Hatfield, Montgomery Co., Pa., 
Nov. 20, 1912, aged 46 years, 10 months and 9 days. His 
death was caused by a paralytic stroke. Services by Brethren 
William Fretz, Jacob Booz and the writer. Interment in the 
Brethren cemetery at Hatfield. — G. H. Light, Hatfield, Pa. 

Strayer, Bro. John M., born May 23, 1839, died of old age 
Dee. 24, 1912, at the Old Folks' Home near Martinsburg, Pa., 
to which he was removed only a few weeks before his death. 
He was born near RoaringSpring, Pa., where he spent nearly 
all his life. He leaves an aged sister and a brother. Services 
at the Albright church "by Eld. James B. Brumbaugh and the 
writer. Text, Rev. 14: 13. — R. D. Murphy, Roaring Spring, Pa. 

Swartzbaugh, Horace Vernon, son of Verson "and Emma 
Swartzbaugh, born June 8, 1912, died at his home near Spring- 
field, Ohio, Dec. 17, 1912, aged 6 months and 19 days. He 
leaves a father and mother, one sister and one brother. Serv- 
ices at the house by Eld. D. S. Dredge. Text, Matt 19: 13-15. 
— Elsie Winget, Springfield, Ohio. 

Trontsnian, Bro. Benjamin, died at his home, Belden, Pa., 
in the New Enterprise congregation. Pa., Dec 19, 1912, aged 
76 years, 7 months and 18 days. Services in the Reformed 
church near Imlertown, Pa., by Elders D. T. Detwiler and L. 
F. Holsinger, of New Enterprise, Pa. — W. H. Mentzer, Loys- 
burg, Pa. 

White, Sister Mary A. J., nee Cogan, wife of Bro. Alexander 
White (deceased), born In Georgia, died Dec 28, 1912, aged 82 
years. She was married in 1857. To them were born seven 
children. Four are still living. All of tnem were present at 
the funeral. She moved to Alabama, then to Ohio, from there 
to Indiana, and then back to Fruitdale, Ala., where she died. 
In 1885 she united with the Church of the Brethren, eve'- living 
an exemplary Christian life. She was anointed a few days 
before she died. She also had the privilege to enjoy a com- 
munion service at our church one week before she died. Serv- 
ices by Eld. Madison Wine. Text, Job 5: 26. Interment in 
the Fruitdale cemetery. — J. Z. Jordan, Fruitdale, Ala. 

Zlrkle, Sister Nora V., nee Shaver, wife of Charles Zirkle, 
died of paralysis in the Green Mount congregation, Rocking- 
ham Co., Va., Dec. 31, 1912, aged 39 years and 16 days. She 
united' with the church a number of years ago. Besides her 
husband she leaves one little son, one sister and three broth- 
ers. She was sick only a few days. Dec. 26 she was stricken 
by paralysis, from which she never recovered. Services and 
interment at the Cedar Run church by Brethren I. W. Miller 
and G. B. Flory. Text, 2 Tim. 4: 6. — Katie Kline, Broadway, 

"Some Who Led" 

— — — — — By D. /.. MILLER and GALEN B. ROYER — — — 


November 9, 1766 — May 21, 1849 

Elder Peter Keyser was a direct descendant of a notable Mennonite family of Europe. They 
suffered persecution as did our own brethren, and one of the family, Leonard Keyser, was publicly 
burned at the stake in August, 1527, because he strenuously refused to renounce his religious con- 
victions. They were driven from place - to place by the cruelty of their persecutors, until finally the 
family found refuge in the principal city of Holland, Amsterdam. Here they found rest for a time, 
but in 1668 Peter Dirick Keyser, the great grandfather of our Bishop Keyser, came to America and 
settled at Germantown, Pa. Here with others lie found liberty to serve God, as he believed, accord- 
ing to his Word, and here the subject of this memoir was born November 9, 1766 His father was 
the first of the Keyser family to unite with the Church of the Brethren. He was baptized by Alexan- 
der Mack, October 5, 1769. 

When the boy, Peter Keyser, Jr., was in his eighteenth year he was brought under conviction 
and had his second birth. He was received into church fellowship by Christian baptism, administered 
by Bishop Martin Urner, September 28, 1784. He was possessed of a remarkable aptitude for learn- 
ing, was quick of perception and had a wonderful memory. His natural powers made it easy for him 
to commit entire chapters of the Scriptures to memory and this gave him unusual prominence among 
his associates and friends, and doubtless stimulated him to greater efforts in committing the Bible 
to memory. The remark was once made by the Rev. Dr. Philip .F. Mayer that, "if by some accident, 
every copy of the Scriptures should be destroyed, it could be restored so long as Peter Keyser lived." 
The author of "Eminent Philadelphians" says of Brother Keyser: "He had the most intimate knowledge 
of the sacred Scriptures, both in English and German, and it is doubtful whether any other man could 
repeat them more accurately than he. It appeared as though he remembered the very words, verses 
and chapters of the entire Bible." 

The above is only about one third of what is written about Bro. Keyser in the book " Some 
Who Led." You want to know about those leaders who did so much for the Church. There are 
sixty-two other biographies given. It took considerable time and expense to get together this in- 
formation and publish it in book form. It is the only book of its kind published, and contains 
223 pages. It is not for sale except in connection with a year's subscription to the Gospel Mes- 
senger, then it only costs 45c. 

Either hand $1.95 to your agent and get the paper for a year and " Some Who Led" as a 
premium, or mail the amount to us. 

Now is the time to act. 



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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 18, 1913. 



Two Tonus Men from Persia 4 ] 

Federation of the Churches (H. C. B.) -11 

Annual Meeting Queries, 42 

The Preparation of Manuscript, 42 

Standing: Not Enough * 2 

The Lord's Prayer r 42 

Liking the Preacher, 42 

Reaching Appointments Late, 42 

Essays, — 

Ideal Sunday-school Work. By Martha- Martin, 34 

A Brief Historv of the Botetourt Congregation, Va. 

By D. N. Eller 34 

Growth Requisites. By H. A. Studebaker, 36 

Parables of Matt. 13. By I. N. H. Beahm 35 

The Simple Life in the Public School. By Carman 

Johnson 35 

The Southern Ohio Sunday-school Teachers' Institute. 

By Levi Minnich 30 

Character Sketches from My Jungle Home. No. 8. — 

Setabai. My Agra Neighbor. By Nora E. Berkebile, 37 

The Bound Table, — 

Death of Elder David Neff; — Henry J. Neff. Lend a 
Helping Hand. — Mrs. Eva Leatherman. One Hundred 
Per Cent. — -Mary Beam. Turn and God Will Receive 
You. — Ida M. Helm. Brethren Home, Greenville, 
Ohio.— G. W. Minnich. A Call to Action. — Archibald 
Van Dyke. Old People's Home, Marshall town, Iowa. 
—Lizzie Hilary 38 

Home and Family, — 

Lay Down Tour Burden. — Elizabeth D. Rosenberger, 39 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

(Concluded from Page 45.) 
members were very much strengthened. — Cyrus E. Bechtel, 
R. D. 1, New Enterprise, Pa, Jan. 8. 

Summit mills church met in council Jan. 1. Our elder, Bro. 
Joel Gnagey, presided. Officers were elected for another year. 
One letter of membership was received. — Sada Peck, R. D. 2, 
Meyersdale, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Uniontown church met in council Dec. 31. The financial 
work was settled for the year. Bro. H. H. Glaner is our Sun- 
day-school superintendent for this year. Bro. D. F. Tepley 
is the president of our Christian Workers' Meeting; Bro. 
Wallace Johnson, secretary. Bro. Paul Tepley is our local 
church secretary; Bro. Quinter Barnthouse, treasurer. Bro. 
Jasper Barnthouse was chosen as our pastor for another 
yea, this being his tenth year. He was also chosen for the 
Georges Creek church for another year. That includes Fair- 
view and Uniontown. Our church decided to have a series 
of meetings here in Uniontown, commencing Feb. 8. Bro. 
D. EL Clapper, of Meyersdale, is to do the preaching. — Maxy 
G. Barnthouse, 8 West Craig Street, Uniontown, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Upper Canowago, — We enjoyed a very interesting series of 
meetings at East Berlin, conducted by Bro. Ralph W. Schlos- 
ser, of Elizabethtown College, Pa. The meetings commenced 
on the evening of Dec. 18 and closed Dec. 31. Eight, were 
added to the fold, — seven by baptism and one was reclaimed. 
Many others were impressed seriously. This was one of our 
best revivals held at this place. The attendance and atten- 
tion were good. Some evenings quite a number had to stand. 
Jan. 2 and 3 Bro. Wilbur Stover delivered two lectures on 
his work in India. Owing to the very inclement weather, the 
attendance was not so large as usual. A collection was 
taken for World-wide Missions. Jan. 5 we reorganized our 
Sunday-school for 1913. — Andrew Bowser, East Berlin, Pa., 
Jan- 6. 

TJpper Codorns church met in council Dec. 28. Eld. E. S. 
Miller presided. One certificate of membership was granted. 
Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the ensuing 
year. Bro. J. I. Baugher was elected superintendent of our 
Sunday-school. The secretary and treasurer were both re- 
elected. Bro. Jonas Royer was reelected trustee for a term 
of three years. We decided to hold our love feast May 17, at 
10 A. M. We recently enjoyed three very interesting lectures 
on "Mission Work," by Bro. W. B. Stover. — N. S. Sellers, 
Brodbecks, Pa., Jan. 6. 

TJpper Cumberland church met in council at Huntsdale Jan. 
4, Eld. S. M. StoulTer presiding. One certificate was granted. 
Our Sunday-school was organized for the year by electing 
Bro. H. K. Miller as superintendent. He has served as super- 
intendent for at least ten successive years. The school is 
open during the entire year, and is in a prosperous condition, 
Eld. P. P. Lehman was with us to assist in advancing Bro 
William Burkholder to the second degree of the ministry 
Bro. Harry Widder, of Harrisburg. expects to be with us in 
a series of meetings, beginning Jan. 12.— A, A. Evan3, R D 
8, Carlisle, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Woodbury. — Eld. J. G. Royer, of Mount Morris, 111., began 
a series of meetings in the Curryville house Nov. 30, which 
continued three weeks. The first week being Blair County 
Teachers' Institute week, gave Bro. Royer an opportunity to 
have a special service for the children each day. Later, as the 
meetings progressed, a few special meetings were held in the 
interested of a better moral sentiment in the community. Rev. 
Metzler, of the Meainonite church, was especially interested 
in the latter service, and took an active part in the same. 
Bro. Royer, in a very comprehensive and forceful manner^ 
held up Christ before his people during these meetings. His 
services were a spiritual uplift to the church and the com- 
munity, and we trust that the seed sown may result In a rich 
harvest— J. C. Stayer, Woodbury, Pa,, Jan. 7. (By mistake of 
the writer the above report was delayed.) 

Woodbury.— Bro. J. B. Miller, of Curryville, Pa.,— one of 
our home ministers,— began protracted meetings at the Sny- 
der Cross Roads house Dec. 22, which continued until Jan. 7. 
An inspiring song service of fifteen minutes was held each 
evening preceding the preaching service. Bro. Miller dealt 
out the Bread of Life in a forceful manner. Ten were made 
willing to put on Christ in baptism. Five of them were 
brothers. Our members were much strengthened— (Mrs ) 
Lizzie Bechtel, R. D. 1, Martinsburg, Pa., Jan. 7. 


Cedar Grove.— The Ministerial Meeting was held at this 
church Dec. 27 and 28. We had a good spiritual meeting. 
The program was excellent The services continued until 
Monday when, on account of sickness and inclement weather 
the meetings were closed, with the promise of some of the 
brethren holding a revival for us in the near future,— Effle 
Brooks, Rogersville, Tenn., Jan. 5. 

Crowson.— Dec. 14 Bro. J. L. Guthrie, of Lafayette Ohio 
came to this place and began preaching Dec. 15. The meetings 
closed Dec. 29. One dear sister asked to be restored to the 
church. An election for a minister and a deacon -was held 
Bro. Calvin Shively was chosen to the ministry, and Bro Ed' 
Grant was elected to the deacon's office.— A. M Bashor Law- 
renceburg, Tenn., Jan. 3. ' 


Bethel church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. G E Wales 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
one year. Bro. Lee Dadlsman Is our clerk; Bro. T J Miller 
treasurer; the writer, chorister; Bro. J. A. Strohm, superin- 
tendent; Sister Fern Strohm, secretary-treasurer- Sister Gar 
net Wales, chorister. One young man was received by baptism 
last Sunday. Our Christian Workers' Band gave an Interesting 

program Dec. 29. Bro. H. B. Mohler. of Elizabethtown, Pa., 
lias been with us for the past two weeks, preaching and visit- 
ing. He gave us eight sermons, which wore highly appre- 
ciated. — Grace Wales, Kenedy, Texas, Jan. 6. 


Brick church met In council Jan. 4. Bro. R. L. Peters gave 
us a brief talk. Bro. Henry Eikenberry presided. Two letters of 
membership were received, and four were granted- Brethren 
R. L. Peters, J. A. Fisher and A. M. Barnhart were chosen as 
a Temperance Committee. Brethren J. L. Fisher, J. W. Barn- 
hart and Sister Bessie Barnhart were appointed to assist in 
our mission work. Sister George Barnhart was appointed 
chorister; Bro. Joel Neff, church clerk; Bro. W. Barnhart, pres- 
ident of our Christian Workers' Meeting; Sister Melva Barn- 
hart, secretary; the writer, reelected church correspondent. — 
OIHe Ikenberry, Wirtz, Va., Jan. G. 

Copper Hill. — Bro. C. E. Eller came among us Nov. 23 and 
held a series of meetings for us at Bottom Creek, a preaching 
point in this congregation. He conducted ten services. Eight 
came out on the Lord's side. Three have been baptized, and 
five await the rite. These meetings were a great Inspiration 
to our church. One night wo had with us at our services our 
oldest brother and sister. The dear brother Is eighty-five 
years old, and the sister is seventy-eight years of age. They 
walked to the services three miles, and back home again the 
same night We had preaching at all the various points In 
the Copper Hill congregation, except at one place, and we had 
good services. — E. L. KJm, Copper Hill, Va., Jan. 3. 

Green Mount church met In council Dec. 27, with Eld. J. A. 
Garber, presiding. Four letters of membership were given. 
Superintendents, with their helpers, for the five Sunday-schools 
In our congregation, were announced and approved. This was 
the work of a committee prior to the meeting. The superin- 
tendents are as follows: Bro. D. R. Miller for Green Mount, 
Bro. H. E. Cline for Mount Zion, Bro. J. D. Miller for Fair- 
view, Bro. J, W. Myers for Pine Grove, and Bro. L. D. Wampler 
for Melrose. Our Christian Worker officers were all rein- 
stated, and our correspondent, to the Gospel Messenger was re- 
appointed. Brethren I. W. Miller and S. L. Garber are the 
committee on series of meetings. We contemplate to hold 
five revivals during the year. — L. Katie Ritchie, R. D. 6, 
Box 26, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan, 3. 

Holladay — Eld. S. A. Sanger has been quite busy. As shep- 
herd of a large flock he fills twelve different appointments. 
On Thanksgiving Day he preached a very flne sermon. He Is 
now giving two much appreciated lessons on " Bible Doctrine " 
each week, at night. Eld. H. C. Early came here last Sat- 
urday, and preached three splendid sermons while with us. 
Our Sunday -school, for the first time, was carried on unin- 
terruptedly from the first Sunday in January, 1912, until the 
last Sunday In December. The average attendance was thirty, 
and the collections for the year, $20.86. — Florence E. Rodeffer 
Holladay, Va., Jan. 8. 

linville Creek church met in council Dec. 28. Eld. Jacob 
Garber, John H. Kline, and other members from the Green 
Mount congregation, also Bro. J. D. Wine, from the Flat 
Rock congregation, were with us. Four letters of membership 
were given. The superintendents for the different Sunday- 
schools In the congregation were appointed. The committee 
appointed to look out and recommend a line, to divide Lin- 
vllle Creek congregation to the best advantage, made their 
report The report was accepted and the congregation divided 
Arrangements were made for new methods of work and a 
more energetic effort for the future.— Catherine R, Kline 
Broadway, Va., Jan 4. 

Mountain Grove.— Dec 6 Bro. M. J. Cline came here from 
Dayton, Va., and held a very interesting series of meetings 
lor us. He labored earnestly for two weeks. Each evening 
large crowds assembled to hear him. Dec. 15 Bro S M Miller 
of Greenmount came to us, and led the song service for 
three evenings. Then Sister Cline, Bro. Cline's wife, took 
charge of the song service until the close of the meetings. 
Nine were added to the church by baptism.— Emma J Turner 
Geneva, Va., Jan. 7. 

Pleasant Valley — Bro. I. N. H. Beahm conducted a Bible 
Institute for us during the holidays. He came Dec. 26 and 
remained until Jan. l. The meetings were very instructive 
and well attended. Our regular council was held Jan 4 Eld 
fa. D. Miller presided. Brethren B. F. Miller and D. A. Cline 
were elected superintendents of our Sunday-school; Bro 

I'rank Garber, president of our Christian Workers' Meeting 

Rutli E. Williams, Mount Sidney, Va,, Jan. S. 
aedoak Grove. — We met in council at the Stonewall house 
an. 4. Eld. C. E. Williams presided'. Our Missionary Com- 
-nlttee, Brethren Asa Bowman and Abr. Spangler, and Sister 
Margaret Yates, were reappointed for a term of three years 
Bro. J. F. Keith was reappointed on the Temperance Commit- 
tee, fhe members met again in the evening for public preach- 
ing. On Sunday, at 11 A. M.. the brethren preached for us 
again. They also preached at the Redoak Grove church on 
Christmas day.— Ella Bowman, R. D. 5, Box 44, Floyd, Va., 

Topeco church met in council Jan. 4. Eld. L, M Weddle 
presided. The former officers were reelected for another year 
On Sunday following Eld. A. N. Hylton preached an Interest- 
ing sermon for us.— Lizzie Spangler, R. D. 2, Box 54 Flovd 
Va., Jan. 6. J ' 

North Yakima — Jan. 1 we met in council, with Bro E Faw 
presiding. Two letters of membership were granted It was 
decided to continue our monthly councils. A committee was 
chosen for our Bible Institute. Bro. Snavely expects to begfn 
meetings here Jan. 6. At our December meeting the following 
^^T en L ;° Se, U f r °- ? Ubert Nea «-- Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister. Daisy Lyon, secretary; Bro. Don Reed 
president of our Christian Workers' Meeting; Bro. Grant 
Replogle, secretary-treasurer; Bro. Hubert Nead, church 
« ^J^, , trU f ee: the writer ' Chorister. Bro. Hertzog was re- 
elected- elder In charge.— Amy Replogle, 116 North Fifth Ave- 
nue, North Yakima, Wash., Jan. 5. 

Isolated Nebraska Members,— i desire to correspond with 
Isolated members of this State who would appreciate a few 
meetings and some help in Sunday-school work. When writ- 
ng, give location in regard to Sunday-school and church priv- 
ileges you now have, and the outlook, as you view it for fur- 
ther church and Sunday-school work. Also state any other 
information that would be of Interest for the furtherance of 
Soud,^Neb?. W J°an:"l J L EdWIn Ja,,b ° e ' DtotPlot E ™^elist, Red 
Monitor.— This church, Nash, Okla., will hold a Bible Nor- 
mal, commencing Jan. 26, to continue ten days. The meetings 
are to be conducted by Bro. J. H. Morris. Come and share the 
benefits.— John R, PItzer, Cordell, Okla,, Jan. 9. 

Crestline. — Inasmuch as my dear companion is afflicted, and 
also suffers from a mental derangement, I earnestly desire 
the prayers of all our members. I trust they will, at their 
several places of worship on Jan. 19, offer up prayer and sup- 
plication to our dear Heavenly Father, who knoweth and 
doeth all things well, that, if it be his holy will, he may re- 
store her to health again. Pray also for me! — L. M. Duncan, 
Crestline, Kans.. Jan. 11. 

Jan. ■ 


Jan. 19, Pasadena. Feb. 23, Inglewood. 

Jan. 26, 6 pm, Los Angeles. March 22, Santee. 


of the 

Sunday School 

The need of the Home Department is not 
limited to any locality. It is needed in every 
church no matter where that church may be. 
It is sadly needed in the great metropolis, 
with its unchurched millions. It is needed in 
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Sunday-school. It is needed in the village 
and rural communities, where only a few are 
indifferent. It is needed in your school. It 
will work in every community whether city or 
country, where one or more persons are out 
of the Sunday-school. 

50 Home Department Leaflets, for use of Vis- 
itors in soliciting Members 90-35 

50 Membership Cards, 15 

100 Student's Record and Offering Envelopes . . .30 

5 Visitor's Record of Canvass .05 

5 Visitor's Quarterlies and Yearly Report 

Book 05 

1 Home Department Superintendent's Report 

Book .03 

IS " What, Why and How of the Home Depart- 
ment," for Superintendents and Visitors, .30 

Total «1.13 

The Above Outfit for Fifty Cents. 

If you are about to organize a Home De- 
partment of not over fifty members and five 
Visitors this outfit contains the supplies usu- 
ally needed for the first year, with the excep- 
tion of Lesson Quarterlies. 

Send all orders to 

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Destruction of 



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If you are interested in the agency for this 
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Elgin, Illinois 






Minister, Sunday-school teach- 
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Main, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 62. 

Elgin, 111., January 25, 1913. 

No. 4. 


Impressing the Value of Temperance. 

Through the liberality of several interested citizens, the 
Maryland Anti-Saloon League has $3,000 at its disposal, to 
be distributed in prizes to the school-children of Balti- 
more for the preparation of the best essays on temperance 
topics. The plan is a commendable one and deserves to 
be introduced elsewhere, — not so much because of the 
prizes to be gained by the fortunate winners, but because 
the sentiment, thus moulded, is of permanent value to 
the young and rising generation. The temperance work, 
like all other vital questions affecting human welfare, 
must base its greatest hope for ultimate success upon 
the children of today, who, as the men and women of 
tomorrow, are bound to be important factors in human 

progress. — ■ — 

Peace Advocates in Europe. 

Previous mention has been made of the wide-spread 
movement in behalf of universal peace, entered into most 
vigorously by the Socialists of Europe. Not all the 
tenets of these would-be reformers may appeal to us, 
but their peace propaganda is certainly most commend- 
able. Recently a leading Socialistic journal of Vienna, 
Austria, issued a special "peace edition," giving indis- 
putable arguments on the folly of war and the costly 
preparations incident thereto. Intense excitement was 
created at once. So greatly feared was the effectiveness 
of this edition, that the authorities promptly confiscated 
every copy not yet distributed. "Truth is mighty and 
will prevail," but there is a long and bitter struggle when, 
— as in this case, — the truth happens to interfere with the 
military ambitions of the world's empires. 

A Discovery by Aviators. 

That, by means of the airship, a practically new world, 
in many respects, is being revealed to the intrepid navi- 
gators of the air, is shown every now and then. Recently 
aviators, flying over the plains of Tripoli, Africa, found 
the ruins of a city, not hitherto known, amid the drifting 
sands of the desert. Marble statues and the remnants 
of what, at one time, were handsome villas, indicate that 
here was located one of the lost colonial cities of the 
Roman empire. In former times irrigation systems sup- 
plied the all important water to the flourishing gardens, 
but by apparent neglect finally the sands of the desert 
crowded in upon the city, bringing about its desolation. 
What a lesson, on the danger of neglect, there is forced 
upon us by the forsaken city amid the sands of the desert, 
and how its fate should prompt each one of us to re- 
doubled diligence! 

Turkey Rejects All Peace Proposals. 

Some weeks ago we announced the beginning of peace 
negotiations between the contending parties in the Balkan 
war. The sessions were held in London, and continued 
from day to day, in the hope that Turkey would yield to 
the demands of the Allied Nations. The appeal of the 
Allies that Turkey, in addition to other concessions, give 
up Adrianople, seems to have been too great a sacrifice 
from the Turkish viewpoint, and not even the united re- 
quest of the European Powers, — that Turkey grant the 
request in the interests of peace, — could bring about the 
desired compliance. At an early date, therefore, the war 
may possibly be under full headway again, and there 
are likely to be no further peace negotiations until 
further decisive victories have definitely settled the issue. 
Likely the Turks will have to grant the desired conces- 
sions and even others, before peace is declared. 


Army Life Not Conducive to Morality. 

Of late the most strenuous efforts are being made by 
our military authorities, to attract young men to the army 
and navy, and no effort is spared to paint, in the most 
glowing colors, the advantages and emoluments of a 
military career. The "seamy side" of the soldier's life is 
seldom referred to. Quite different is a glimpse afforded 
us by a noted Government official who, in his annual re- 
port on "the prevention of vice disease in the army," 
says this: "The record is shocking, — beyond that of any 
civilized nation." Just after reading this astounding 
arraignment, advanced by a man who ought to know what 
he is talking about, we happened to note that in a list of 
fifty boys' schools, as published in a popular magazine, 
more than forty of the advertisers lay special emphasis 
upon the military drill and training, fostered by their re- 
spective institutions. When it is further remembered that 
many State educational institutions also lay much stress 

upon the military training of their students, by making it 
a part of their curriculum, one is just a little puzzled as 
to why there should be so great an endeavor to induce 
preparation for a military career, when, as assured by the 
official, "the record is shocking," etc, Can we look for 
exalted moral excellency in a movement that is dia- 
metrically opposed to the gentle teachings of the Prince 

of Peace? 

A New President for France. 
Presidential elections in France do not arouse the 
general attention of the people, so customary in the 
United States. The Assembly, only, does the choosing, and 
the work is quickly disposed of. The recent election .re- 
sulted in the elevation of M. Poinacre to the responsible 
position, and there is general satisfaction with the choice 
made, not only on the part of his own nation, but also 
on the part of the other European countries. The new 
President is a well-trained diplomat, and thoroughly 
versed in the various phases of statesmanship. He will 
likely accomplish much in the real progress of his nation. 
If he succeeds in working out the various plans under 
contemplation, his official life will be a busy one. Ad- 
vocates and promoters of evangelical Christianity in 
France have strong hopes that the unequivocal fairness 
of President Poinacre will in no way obstruct the prog- 
ress of gospel efforts, hitherto often hindered by atheis- 
tic officials of the Government. 

A Friend to Discharged Prisoners. 
Nothing is harder, perhaps, than the securing of a po- 
sition by the man who has a prison record back of him. 
All the more commendable, therefore, is the liberal propo- 
sition of Mr. Charles M. Schwab, president of the Bethle- 
hem Steel Company, Pa., whereby ex-prisoners will be 
given employment in the works of that company upon 
promise "to turn over a new ieaf." Just what this offer 
will mean to a discharged convict when, spurned by all 
who know his past history, he has vainly sought for em- 
ployment, can perhaps be realized only by those who have 
undergone the experience. That Mr. Schwab comes for- 
ward with the generous offer, in the face of popular preju- 
dice against such a move, is greatly to his credit. There 
is all too little, these days, o.f the charity that reaches out 
a friendly hand to the erring one who desires to mend 
his ways. "He which converteth the sinner from the 
error of his way shall save his soul from death, and shall 
hide a multitude of sins." 

A Burden Upon the Wage Earners. 

We are told that the annual expenditures of the United 
States Government on the army and navy, on pensions, 
and for the expense of past wars, amounts to $25 a year 
for every family of five persons. As this burden falls 
ultimately, in large part, on the wage earners, who, even 
under the most favorable conditions, are near the border 
line of poverty, the burden imposed is a most grievous 
one. Be it remembered that in most cases the initial 
cost of a United States battleship is greater than the 
value of the grounds, the buildings and the productive 
funds of all the colleges and universities in the State 
whose name the battleship bears. The annual cost of 
maintaining the largest ship of the United States navy is 
almost a million dollars, — a sum that would amply sus- 
tain several schools of higher education. Looking at the 
matter from the standpoint of practical utility, the pres- 
ent demand of war enthusiasts for three additional battle- 
ships, seems to be naught but a woeful waste of the na- 
tion's resources. — 

Greater Simplicity Needed. 
"Amid the growing tendency to useless and uncalled for 
display among men of prominence in public station, it 
is truly encouraging to note the salutary example of Gov- 
ernor Suizer of New York. At his recent inauguration 
he insisted upon the absolute omission of any needless 
show. He would allow no parades, either civil or mili- 
tary. At the appointed time he simply walked from his 
office to the capitol, where the inauguration ceremonies 
were disposed of without the customary ostentation. Our 
President-elect is also contemplating a decisive return 
to ways of greater simplicity in the various White House 
functions, doing away with much of the useless display, 
characteristic of administrative gatherings during recent 
years. In many ways our nation has largely departed 
from the simplicity that marked the early days of the 
republic, and it is well that at least a few of our public 
men have the courage of their convictions, and are not 
afraid to give expression to their views. Leadership in 
public affairs implies far-reaching responsibility, and 
happy is the people whose executives point out the way 
to the highest virtues of the body politic. 

Japan's Commendable Example. 
While other and larger nations are straining with 
might and main to increase their military equipment, 
Japan «s quietly taking steps to limit the size of both 
army and navy. Much of the war-like spirit, ascribed to 
the Nipponese, exists in the mind of the war alarmists 
rather than in the real disposition of the people who, only 
recently, have reiterated, again and again, their desire 
to be at peace with the world's nations. One can not 
but wish that Japan's example, of calling a halt on further 
military expansion, might find an answering echo among 
the world's great nations. The real strength of a nation 
is not found in great engines of destruction, but in the 
elements that make for righteousness and true holiness. 
Such a nation is invincible, for the Holy One of Israel is 
its Everlasting Defense. 

Neglect of Our Indian Wards. 
Recent investigations of conditions in several of the 
Indian reservations have brought out some deplorable 
conditions, showing that there has been mismanagement 
of the gravest character, in the district around Pine 
Point, Minn., where about 500 Indians live, nearly every 
man, woman, and child is afflicted with trachoma, and 
many of them are entirely blind. Twenty-five per cent 
of these people suffer from tuberculosis, and forty per 
cent from other dread diseases. Apparently . those in 
charge of the reservation were somewhat negligent of 
their obligations, and even permitted unscrupulous land 
dealers to gain possession of Indian lands under false 
representations. For long years the nation's treatment 
of the Indian has been one of the darkest chapters of 
our history. The white man's whisky has, in many places, 
well-nigh ruined the rugged physique of the Indian, and 
the trickery of wily land dealers has often cheated him 
out of the inheritance of his fathers. 

Character the Highest Asset. 

Much attention has been aroused in the business world 
by some of the recent utterances of Mr. J. Ficrpoul 
Morgan, the noted financier, while before the Congres- 
sional Committee of investigation. He declared that, if 
asked for a loan, he would not hesitate to give his check 
for a million dollars to a man of character, even though 
the borrower were devoid of other resources. He claims 
to have done this more than once, never having been a 
loser. Mr. Morgan insists that character, — first, last, and 
all the time, — is the one essential and important thing. 
Opinions may differ as to the wisdom of Mr. Morgan's 
business methods, but he doubtless places a just value on 
character of the right sort, In the end every man must 
approach the judgment bar of the Great Judge with his 
life character as the only personal asset. Our future 
destiny will depend upon the real life we have lived. 
"Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they 
may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in 
through the gates into the city." 

Solving the Problem of Poverty Relief. 
We are told of a benevolently-inclined London merchant 
who, impressed with the need of relieving the bitter pov- 
erty prevailing in his city, caused a thorough investiga- 
tion to be made as to existing conditions. He was con- 
fronted by the enormity of the situation when facts and 
figures, submitted to him, showed that every third person 
in that great city is subsisting wholly or in part by the 
charity of others, — in no case attaining to the highest 
efficiency for work because .of these unfavorable con- 
ditions. Investigations in our own favored land do not 
show much better conditions, so far as our large cities 
are concerned. Every tenth burial in New York is in the 
potter's field, while charity records reveal that every third 
person must be "helped to some extent, at least. Accord- 
ing to Census figures, one-half of all American families 
possess no property outside of their furniture and apparel, 
indicating that in case of sickness or lack of employment 
there is nothing to fall back upon save the charity nf 
others. ' Students of sociology have grappled with the 
great problem of mitigating the distressing effects of 
poverty, realizing that, under present conditions of so- 
ciety, an absolute remedy for all poverty can not, perhaps, 
be provided, — "The poor ye have with you always." It 
is true, however, that the baneful trio, — vice, dissipation 
and indolence, — is responsible for much needless poverty. 
Fully half of the world's distress might be eradicated, 
were there a more general forsaking of sin along the lines 
indicated, and a thorough acceptance of the gospel 
promise, "Seek ye first the kingdom of God and his 
righteousness and all these things shall be added unto 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1911 



to shew thys 
ot to be ash 

elf approved unto Corf, 3 workma 
med, rightly dividing ilie Word 

n that 
of Tr 



The Great White Throne. 

Last night I lay thinking of Jesus, 

And longed for a glimpse of his face, 
When, surrounded by beings celestial, 

I was carried to mountains of -space. 
Wandering, fearing, I rested, 

For the earth and the heaven had flown, 
And I saw, dawning out of the distance, 

A beautiful, great, white throne. 

I have stood by the mountain peaks lofty, 

I have walked by the billowy deep, 
And wondered in awe at their grandeur, 

While the breakers rolled in at my feet. 
I have watched, as the tiny, white snowflakes 

Covered up the brown earth one by one, 
And I thought they were beautiful emblems 

Of our souls when our life work was done, 

But, oh, that white throne in its vastness 

Was wide as the mercies of God, 
And as deep as his love in its deepness, 

And purer than snowflakes untrod, 
I fain would have stayed there forever 

In spirit, on mountains of space, 
But while I gazed upward, it vanished, 

And the bright starry heaven found its place. 

Beneath me the earth rocked in sorrow, 

And a cry from a soul, smirched with night, 
Went up to that throne pleading mercy, 

"Cleanse me, Blessed Lord, make me white," 
And, listening, my ears caught the answer, 

Floating downward in tones sweet and low, 
"My child, though thy sins be as scarlet, 

I will make them as white as the snow." 

Praise God for his wonderful goodness, 

O sing of his infinite love, 
And tell of the blessings eternal, 

He showers on us from above, 
And some day, when all things are ready, 

And Jesus comes back for his own, 
We'll serve him forever and ever, 

Who reigneth in might on that throne. 
Patterson, Cal, 

Literally and Figuratively. 


A good rule of interpretation for the Bible is to 
understand it literally as long- as it will apply that 
way, but to insist upon always explaining it in that 
way will lead to some ridiculous conclusions. A 
considerable amount of divine truth is given in figures 
of different kinds, and these must be interpreted, in 
order to understand and apply the doctrine they con- 

In all literature we have figures of speech used, 
known as hyperbole, allegory, parable, similitude, 
metaphor, types, shadows and emblems. 

A hyperbole is an exaggeration of the meaning in- 
tended to be conveyed, or by which things are rep- 
resented as being much greater or less, better or 
worse than they really are. The following may be 
cited as examples of this figure. " And I will make 
thy seed as the dust of the earth ; so that if a man 
can number the dust of the earth then shall thy seed 
also be numbered" (Gen. 13: 16). "There are also 
many other things which Jesus did, the which if they 
should be written, every one, I suppose that even 
the world itself could not contain the books that 
should be written " (John 21 : 25). 

The term "parable" is derived from a word that 
means comparison. The Savior made a free use of 
parables in his teaching. When Job was in conver- 
sation with his friends it is said he "continued his 
parable" (Job 27: 1). Nathan reproved David un- 
der the parable of a rich man who had taken away 
and killed the lamb of a poor man (2 Sam. 12). 
This mode of teaching was common among the sages 
and learned men of the East. The Hebrew writers 
made great use of it. It is a beautiful and forceful 
way of teaching, and the learner is apt to make the 
application at the right time and place. 

An allegory is a figurative discourse, in which the 
subject is described by another, resembling it. The 
principal subject is kept out of view, and we learn 

the lesson to be taught by the resemblance of the 
secondary to the primary subject. The Song of 
Solomon is classed as an allegory. A literal inter- 
pretation destroys its sacredness, but, when rightly 
understood, it shows the depth and sweetness of the 
Savior's love. Paul, in setting forth the two covenants, 
and illustrating his point by referring to Abraham's 
two sons, the one by a bond woman and the other by 
a free woman, concludes by saying, " Which things 
are an allegory ; for these are the two covenants ; the 
one from Mount Sinai," etc. (Gal. 4: 24). 

A metaphor is a similitude reduced to a single 
word without a comparison. The Savior, in speak- 
ing of Herod, said, " Go ye and tell that fox." Herod 
was not literally a fox, but, on account of his cunning 
craftiness, and the refinements of his policy, he was, 
metaphorically speaking, a fox. 

When one thing is nearly like, or similar to, an- 
other it is called a similitude. Paul, in Rom. 5, speak- 
ing of original sin, said that it also affected those who 
had not sinned after the " similitude of Adam's trans- 
gression." James says that man was "made after 
the similitude of God." 

When one thing is set forth to represent some other 
thing, or when one thing is used as a sign of some- 
thing else, it is said to be a symbol. Hence there are 
tilings in the Scriptures that are symbolical. When 
the Savior gave the sacramental bread, he said, " Take 
eat, this is my body." He did not mean that it was 
his real body, but that it represented it,— that it was 
a symbol of it. The Book of Revelation is composed 
largely of symbols. 

Then, too, there are types and shadows that are 
employed in the presentation of scriptural truth. It 
is sometimes difficult to know whether a given text 
is to be understood literally or figuratively, and if 
figuratively, to know just how to interpret and apply 
it. One thing is very certain. The text that in- 
culcates moral and religious duty, the things that touch 
the life, and are calculated to make us better in heart 
and character, can always be taken literally. All the 
doctrines that are practical are given in plain and un- 
mistakable language. A disposition to know and 
do the will of God will never go far astray. 

There are also mysteries in the Bible. Some things 
are not clearly revealed and others are beyond our 
comprehension. Christ becoming incarnate is said 
by the Apostle to be a great mystery of godliness. 
Even though we may not know or understand some 
things because they are mysterious, they still answer 
a good purpose. They stimulate interest in reading. 
They excite wonder and admiration at the depth of 
meaning of which we have little or no conception, 
and our faith is made stronger in the divine wisdom 
that dazzles our vision with an excess of light. We 
are inspired with feelings of worship and adoration, 
simply because we do not understand. 

There are five books of the Bible that are grouped 
and classed as poetical, and much of the beauty -of 
poetry consists in the figures that are employed. If 
we fail to understand them, so as properly to in- 
terpret and apply them, the poems contain no charm. 
To attempt to draw a literal meaning out of a fine 
poetical figure, is to miss the mark, and cause a 
masterpiecee to be lifeless and insipid, while a full 
knowledge of the imagery will inspire the mind with 
the burning thoughts of beauty and a depth of mean- 
ing that can be conveyed in no other way. 
Holiidaysburg, Pa. 

Our Life Work. 


All have a mission in life. -God has endowed'us 
with talents. To some he has given one, to others 
five, and he will not be satisfied unless we improve 
them, and thereby promote his glory. When we first 
enter upon our existence, our minds are in a dormant 
state. We are not capable of thinking and acting 
intelligently. Time rolls on, and we arrive at that 
age when we are accountable for what we do, — our 
life work is before us, and what shall it be? Shall 
it consist of good deeds, by trying to elevate the 
thoughts and actions of others by living for some- 
thing worthy of life, and, above all, by serving God 
with a full purpose of heart, or shall we live thought- 

lessly, carelessly, as though it were " all of life to 
live and all of death to die"? If so, our lives will 
be failures, — mere blanks, — and when the death- 
angel shall summon us away, the world will be no 
better for our living. 

If we want to be useful to our fellow-men, we must 
have high ideals. Let the mind reach out after 
something that is elevating in its nature, and such as 
gives tone and strength to character. Not that the 
humble and more menial occupations of life are de- 
grading, but our minds should be in a condition that 
we can dignify labor. 

If we want to fill a mission that will be promotive 
of good, we should enter the field with an ardent 
desire to do the very best we can with the material 
we have at command, and improve the one talent 
by earnestly endeavoring to add to our scanty stock 
as opportunity offers, never despising the little things. 
If we have but one talent, it is as much our duty 
to improve that one as it is to those to whom five 
talents have been committed. Faithfulness in all 
things should be the motto of all who wish to be 
true to their Creator, and who wish to make their 
lives beautiful and sublime. Life is large and grand, 
but it is made up of little things, and these are often 
the sweetest to remember. 

Our life work does not consist in the many great 
acts which we perform, but the " little charities 
which soothe and bless mankind." We can not all 
be rich and great, but we can all be pure and good, 
and if we want to be useful, we must do the best 
we can with the means we have, and God will en- 
large our mission field. " Do the duties that lie 
nearest us," is a suggestive thought. Perhaps, while 
we are lamenting that we have not the means to per- 
form some great act, we may be neglecting the little 
duties that meet us in our everyday life. All around 
us are opportunities to show our willingness to work 
for the good of others, and it is our duty to con- 
descend to little things, in order to enhance happiness, 
and it is a part, and a large part, of our life-work. 

We need not all go to foreign fields to find some- 
thing to do. There is a vast field of labor at home. 
The thought that we may be instrumental in reliev- 
ing want, comforting the sad and lonely, and doing 
a little good as the days are passing by, should be 
an inspiration to do what we can. Our Lord and 
Master went about doing good, and such should be 
the mission of those who profess to follow in his 
footsteps. No place was too humble for him to 
enter, — none too poor and sinful to enlist his atten- 
tion. He associated with sinners in order to do them 
good, and was ever ready to' lift up the fallen. He 
does not require great things of us but he does want 
willing workers, and assures us that even a cup of 
cold water, if given in the name of a disciple, will 
not be unnoticed. 

A part of our life-work is to beautify our minds. 
God has given them to us, and we must improve 
and adorn them. " It is the beauty of mind and 
heart that lasts forever, and as the bodily charms 
fade and decay, they grow brighter and brighter, 
partaking even in this life of the radiant loveliness 
of immortality." But the grandest part of our life- 
work is the working out of our souls' salvation, and 
preparing ourselves for the society of the redeemed 
above. This is our mission in life and the one which 
requires our greatest concern and most vigilant care. 
If we labor faithfully,. ever looking to God for 
strength and guidance, finally success will crown our 
efforts, and the victory will be ours. Then, — 

"When we cross the shining strand 
Where the waiting angels stand, 

We shall know, 

In the happiness unending, 

. Of a blissful comprehending, 

What our life-work meant below." 

Neivbnrg, Pa. 

The Prayer Meeting. 


The church has been a spiritual home to us all. 
We have enjoyed the seasons of prayer and com- 
munion, and the instruction in the Word of God, and 
even the sadnesses have done us good. For the fu- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 

ture we look to the church for Christian fellowship 
to encourage us in our trials. It is with a feeling of 
gratitude that we often express ourselves in the words 
of the beautiful hymn: 

"For her -my tears shall fall; 
For her my prayers ascend; 
To her my cares and toils be giv'n 
Till toils and cares shall end." 

The church, however, has not reached the ideal set 
forth in the Gospel. It is possible for it to attain to 
a higher plane of spirituality and to be of greater 
service to the world if we, as members, make use of 
the opportunities given us. We have our Sunday- 
schools, our preaching services and our council meet- 
ings. These are all good, but one of the greatest 
needs in our congregations today is the prayer meet- 

True, we have prayer meetings in many com- 
munities, but they are often so fully taken up with 
general prayer meeting talks that little time is left 
for the real purpose of a prayer meeting. We need 
everywhere live prayer meetings, — or better, praying 
meetings, — so thoroughly alive that they will put new 
life into the entire church. Here is a program of a 
service that can be made eminently helpful along this 

1. Opening. 

2. A Study of the Doctrine of Prayer from the 

3. Presentation of Matters for Prayer. 

4. A Season of Prayer. 

5. Dismissal. 

Let us take up these points, one by one, and ex- 
plain more fully: 

1. The "Opening" would consist of the~sTnging of 
a suitable hymn and a few words of prayer, commit- 
ting the hour to God. 

2. The " Study of the Doctrine of Prayer " would 
be the laying of the foundation for the hour. 
There would be fifteen or twenty minutes spent in 
the study of some scripture treating on prayer. The 
purpose is to acquire a better knowledge of this im- 
portant subject. First we have Christ's own teach- 
ings about prayer. Next we might study the various 
passages where it is said that our Lord himself 
prayed. Then, in other portions of the New Testa- 
ment, we have many references to prayer, and in 
some cases the contents of prayers themselves are 
given. Besides this, the Psalms and other books of 
the Old Testament furnish rich material along this 
line. It is easily seen that there is much room in the 
Word to study this great doctrine. 

3. The " Presentation of Matters for Prayer " 
comes next. After having spent a short time in 
learning what the Scripture says about this vital prin- 
ciple in the Christian's life, the body of believers is 
ready to consider the needs concerning which petitions 
ought to be offered up. Maybe there is a weak or 
straying member who needs help. We can pray about 
the case much more intelligently if we know the strug- 
gles that are testing the faith of the wavering brother 
or sister. Some one, who knows the circumstances, 
can lay these facts before those gathered together. 

Then there are the unconverted, the sick and the 
unfortunate. There are sometimes difficulties be- 
tween members, as well as other problems, that would 
clear up much easier and quicker if prayed about 
very earnestly. And, last but by no means least, w6\ild 
be that for which we should praise God. When an 
answer comes to a petition formerly made, it should 
be reported to the meeting, so that all may rejoice and 
express gratitude together. Thanksgiving is altogeth- 
er too important to be neglected. Might it not be 
that if we were more grateful to the Father, for what 
he gives us, the way would be open for him to do 
still more? Possibly, too, we would not be compelled 
to wait so long for the answers to our petitions. 
Surely we could come to prayer with more humble 
boldness and greater confidence, if we were conscious 
of having acknowledged the blessings already be- 
stowed upon us. 

Let all these matters be laid before those present, 
so that each one may pray intelligently. This part 
of the service may be given about twenty minutes. 

4. To proceed to the " Season of Prayer " itself is 

an easy and natural move after the needs and condi- 
tions have been presented. Let all come to their knees 
for fifteen or twenty minutes of earnest prayer. Long, 
tedious prayers should be discouraged. Set combina- 
tions of words, for the sake of the easy flow, are not 
fitting. Each one ought to pray, even if only a sen- 
tence. The youngest members in the church can do 
this much. Pray about the conditions that appeal to 
you as the requests were made. Sincerity and earnest- 
ness are in place here. Then let the leader bring the 
prayer to a close, and all may join in the Lord's 

5. The meeting may be dismissed with an iappro- 
priate hymn. 

It seems reasonable to conclude that a meeting of 
this character, handled in a spiritual way, would 
soon becomes one of the most largely attended of the 
church, instead of the most neglected. It surely 
would be eminently helpful to the spiritual growth of 
the meml>ers who attend. Actual experience has 
proven this to be true. 

This program is made largely over the pattern of 
the prayer meeting in Acts 4: 23-31. Peter and John 
had been on trial before the Sanhedrin, but, after 
having been forbidden to preach in the name of Jesus, 
they were threatened and released. They went at 
once to a meeting witli the other apostles and be- 
lievers, and laid the whole matter before them. Then 
all prayed with one accord about the opposition that 
had been raised against the work the Master had told 
them to do. An answer came from heaven, and they 
were by this prepared to meet the difficulties before 

These apostles had been with Jesus and had heard 
his teachings about prayer. They had been present 
when he prayed, and were prepared to enter into 
communion with God at once. We have not had 
this privilege, and hence the necessity of a careful 
study, from time to time, of these lessons and ex- 
amples. In this there would be a difference. 

A few points need to be observed. The time above 
mentioned for the parts of the program is only sug- 
gestive. Do not keep the meeting in order to take up 
the hour. Better close at the end of forty-five min- 
utes, rather than drag. It will likely be found good 
to spend a little more time in the scripture study for 
several meetings until the spirit of prayer comes to 
life and the need is felt. But as people realize the 
blessings that come in this way, they wilt long for a 
greater realization of what God has in store for them. 

Do not feel that the meeting must die before it 
can be brought to a conclusion. Too often it has 
seemed that the leader could not terminate the meeting 
until the interest had died out, or until there was no 
one who had anything to say, Close on time, or 
nearly so, even if there is an enthusiasm. It will be 
helpful for the next meeting to have something to 
start on. , 

It might be several weeks before the request would 
come in for prayer, but as the real power in the service 
comes to be realized, the hour will be filled with its 
needs. Thus the members will have a place where 
they can bring the burdens that are heavy upon them. 
They, too, would have the opportunity of bearing one 
another's burdens. The church would increase in 
spirituality and power, and to God would be the glory. 

3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago, III. 

is a mystery, because he was the Son of God. It is, 
however, somewhat solved when we remember that 
he was sharing humanity's burdens in every way. 

When church members think they can not go to 
the communion because one thing or another is not 
right, we think of Christ, our Example, seating him- 
self at the table in the upper room, lie did not say, 
" If Judas comes, I will not go." Nor did lie, kindly 
or unkindly, ask Judas to remain away. He knew 
Judas much better than we know one another. It is 
a great lesson for us who desire to learn of him. 
Shall we examine our brother and sister, and stay 
away from the table, or examine ourselves, and so 
eat? He tells us which he would have us do. 

Have we crosses to bear? Yes, and if we are not 
willing to bear them, we are not worthy of him. He 
said: "He that taketh not his cross and followeth 
after me, is not worthy of me." That One, so worthy 
of honor, should be willing to appear in dishonor that 
we might be honored, is wonderful, What are we 
willing to suffer for him? 

When we are wronged or ill-treated just a little, 
we want the offender to apologize and make every- 
thing right. Can we not endure, for Jesus' sake, the 
little slight, that we magnify and count a great thing? 
It is, indeed, a small thing. When an untruth is 
said of us, we need not feel so bad as if a secret sin 
lurks within. Cast it out. Put it away. Overcome 
the evil with good. 

It is a good time to make resolutions while we 
engage in communion services. We have new strength 
and help to carry them out. We should look to Jesus, 
who is our sufficiency in every time of need. It will 
help us spiritually, if we picture the scene described 
in the nineteenth chapter of John, — Jesus going up to 
the hill of Calvary, bearing his cross. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

Bearing His Cross. 


This is the climax of the mystery of Christ's suf- 
fering. Fie carried the heavy cross on which he was 
to be nailed. The hands that should have been sup- 
porting him, or carrying the heavy load, were using 
the scourge, plaiting the crown of thorns, putting it 
on his head, and putting on him a purple robe. Some 
of the hands were used to strike him. 

What a disappointment, when loved ones turn 
against us! Jesus needed the love and kindly help of 
those who gave the opposite. He could have so 
changed the feelings of the people that they would 
have taken the cross and carried it, but he carried it 
for them, and for us, until it became so heavy that 
they had to compel a passing- stranger to take it. It 

Christians as Lights. 

1IY L. R. H0I.S1NCER. 

How carefully we need to regard the law of con- 
sistency when quoting the text, " Let your light so 
shine before men, that they may see your good works, 
and glorify your Father which is in heaven" (Matt. 
5: 16), that the world, from our life, does not read, 
at the same time, on this wise: " Let yourself so shine 
before men, that they may see yourself, and glorify 
you on earth." 

The public school teacher who conies into a com- 
munity and desires, above everything else, to call at- 
tention to his ability to solve difficult problems, is 
likely to find out, — or if he doesn't, the citizens and 
pupils will, — that the school has not made the prog- 
ress that it- should, and for the simple reason that 
they were interested in his work and not theirs. 

Qualities ov a Light.— We think of a light as 
being hot, and because of its heat it shines, and be- 
cause of its shining it is a life giyer. Now, if a light 
is hot, it can't help but shine, and if it shines, it 
" shows up " its surroundings, which will, as a con- 
sequence, get the attention, and not itself. If the 
light dims, our attention is called to it at once, and 
we wonder why that light docs not shine brighter. 
The brighter it shines, the less notice we are required 
to give to it, and the more severely it forbids our 
looking at it. All animals and vegetable life depends 
upon light. 

There is a great lighthouse that it took over 1,500 
years to build, — possibly for the reason that it was 
to stand so long and shine so far. The lighthouse 
referred to is the Bible, the Recorded Word of God. 
"' Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my word 
shall not pass away" (Matt. 24: 35). All nations are 
to receive it (Matt. 28: 19). In this lighthouse is 
a lantern (the New Testament). Surrounding this 
lighthouse, as some one has pictured it, are four plate 
glass sides, — the Gospels, with their wonderful il- 
luminating quality. Inside is one intense glow of 
light, flashing over all the world, — he who said, " I 
am the light of the world." The Christian's attitude 
should be : 

"I'll walk in the light, beautiful light; 

Walk where God's dewdrops of mercy are bright. 
Shine all around me by day and by night, 
Jesus, the light of the world." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1911 

The Christian soul may be likened unto a mirror. 
If a mirror is perfectly clean and straight, and we 
look into it, it will reflect our perfect image, but if 
it is spotted with filth, and a crooked, twisted thing, 
we do not have much desire to be taken for the sort 
of specimen that is reflected by it. No wonder Christ 
did not want the testimony of demons (Mark 1: 34). 
A question which might be well for us often to med- 
itate upon, is: "When Christ looks into my soul- 
mirror, what sort of a reflection does the world see?" 
Then, too, we may serve as magnifying glasses, 
through which the world is trying to get a vision of 
Christ. If one speck, however small, is permitted 
on the telescope glass, it blurs the vision of the stars, 
etc. lust so with our lives when the world is looking 
through them to see Christ. If one speck of deceit or 
petty sin is tolerated on our heartglass, the effect upon 
the spectator is likely to be disastrous. 

A precious stone, that has fallen in line with the 
rays of the lighthouse light, and has been washed 
clean and made clear, is likely to be very easily picked 
out, as we look over the mass of pebbles. So a Chris- 
tian, one who has really fallen in line with the rays 
of the light of Christ, and has been washed in. his 
blood, may easily be picked. out, no matter what may 
happen to he his surroundings. God does not have 
much use for dark lanterns. These can be best used 
when deceit is the purpose, — the kind on which the 
slide is closed when the distant city is visited. God 
wants a continuous, steady stream of light. 

But, some one may say, " There is no use in my 
trying to be a light. My influence is no more power- 
ful than a farthing rushlight. I have no particular 
talent to make use of. I can not sing. I can not 
preach," etc. Possibly, as he did to Moses, God 
would say, "What do you hold in your hand?" If 
it is a farthing rushlight, he may say, " Place it near 
a place of danger, and watch results. Who can 
measure the value of your influence, which may easily 
compare favorably with the tree and its protecting 
shelter, or the handful of apostles who set the whole 
world ablaze with the Gospel of Christ." 

Is the valley in which you live darkened by sin? 
Are you willing, with the light you have in hand, to 
climb over the threatening cliffs of sacrifice, while 
you are lost sight of, and the light alone, which you 
carry, may be seen by the struggling mass of humanity 
in the darkness below ? Are you willing to light the 
l>eacon which will dispel that darkness? If you are, 
you may be a power in bringing about the establish- 
ment of the one great kingdom, over which the Lord 
Christ shall be made king. 
New Bethlehem, Pa. 

The Ministerial List for 1913. 


The Ministerial List in the 1913 Almanac contains 
the names and addresses of 3,063 ministers. Last 
year the list had 3,049 names. Pennsylvania is the 
home of 477 ministers, and Indiana comes next, with 
336 ministers. Virginia has 306 ministers, and Ohio 
follows with 274 ministers. Next in rank we find 
Kansas, with 210 ministers, and Illinois follows with 
19S ministers. California has 139 ministers and West 
Virginia comes next with 125 ministers. Iowa has 
118 ministers, and Maryland follows closely with 
116 ministers. 

Years ago our Ministerial List had fewer names, 
but the good work, accomplished in days of yore by 
our faithful ministers, will never be forgotten. Those 
dear brethren did their work well. They rest in peace. 
It seems as if the Church of the Brethren should 
accomplish a noble work with 3,063 preachers. Oh ! 
the good they all will do, as the days are going by ! 
Think of the good sermons they deliver, and the 
fervent prayers they offer to God above ! 

It is true, of course, that these ministers are not all 
active. Many of them are superannuated, and are 
waiting for the sun to set beyond the hills of time. 
Many of our ministers are in the prime of life, and 
are diligent in the Master's service. A number of our 
ministers are still young, — just getting ready for their 
future work in the church. 

The messenger of death calls quite a number of . 
our ministers to their long home every year. During 

1912 fifty-six ministers closed their earthly pilgrim- 
age. Among the number, widely known, we mention 
the following: Eld. Lemuel Hillery, of Indiana; Eld. 
Jacob H. Kurtz, of Ohio; Eld. H. P. Strickler, of 
Iowa; Eld. C. Holderman, of Missouri, and Eld. J. 
W. Blough, of Pennsylvania, who preached many 
German sermons. Eld. Levi Snell, of Nebraska, died 
while preaching. Thirteen ministers died in Indiana 
last year. Of the fifty-six ministers, who died 
last year, thirty-eight were elders. Eleven were 
past eighty years of age. Eld. G. M. Lauver, of 
Illinois, was the youngest minister that died in 1912. 
He Was but forty years old when he passed away. 
Bro. John Friedly, of West Virginia, was the oldest 
minister that died last year. He was ninety-six years 
of age. Bro. A. L. Fleshman, also of West Virginia, 
died at the age of ninety-one years. Death also 
called Bro. James M. Neff, of California. The Mes- 
senger readers will miss his articles in the future, 
but though his pen is forever silent, his memory will 
be revered. 

Every year a number of our ministers pass to the 
Great Beyond, and 1913 will be no exception. The 
messenger of death, at any time, may lay his icy hand 
upon us. Who will cross the chilly waters during 
1913? We can not tell today. Perhaps some of our 
aged elders will soon fall asleep in Jesus. It is also 
very true that some of our ministers who are well to- 
day will pass to their long home ere the present year 
will close. Let us not forget to pray for our ministers. 
The Word of God says: " How beautiful are the feet 
of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring 
glad tidings of good things." 

FJizabethtoiwi, Pa. 

The Simple Life in College. 


The simple life idea is much discussed and misun- 
derstood. The general notion seems to run along the 
line of a return to primitive conditions, when man 
lived with but few conveniences at hand, and the 
fewest cares possible pressing his mind. Allow us to 
state, at the beginning, that this is absolutely a false 
notion of the simple life. I have read some after 
would-be authorities in this field of thought, but I 
find I can not agree fully with them, and it would 
be surprising to me if I should find others accepting 
my notion of what it is. However, I hope there are 
no wheels loose in my head, to divert straightforward . 
processes of thought on the subject. 

In the first place the simple life is not found in a 
return to former modes of living, but in a healthful 
and progressive adjustment to present conditions. It 
is not a return to log huts and unadorned homes, but a 
seeking ever to pull away from them into better kept 
ones. It seeks to get away from poverty into the 
command of great wealth for the glory of God. It 
is a life tnat seeks full living, — the kind most free 
from frictions and contentions. It is a harmonious 
adjustment and living in all sorts of situations. It 
seeks to make a great brotherhood out of man. It ac- 
complishes it through such supernatural agencies as 
God, Christ, and the Holy Spirit, — these leading in- 
dividuals effectually into the highest truth, producing 
such grand fruits of the Spirit as " love, joy, peace, 
longs Lifter ing, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, 
temperance." This is the simple life in its fruitage. 

The simple life as a conviction, a belief, accomplish- 
es great issues for the betterment of society, and the 
Holy Spirit is the special agent of God to lead into 
the frictionless paths of human achievement. It en- 
gages in all legitimate enterprises. It is a life free 
from sin, but full of righteousness. It lifts the fallen 
and makes humble the haughty. In its apparel it 
wears a beautiful harmony with its own spirit, put- 
ting all at ease in the matter of their attire. With this 
much descriptive definition of the simple life, we at 
once proceed with its historic and logical development. 

The simple life had its beginning with man when 
he first began to exercise in rational thought, when 
the first promptings of human souls went out in health- 
ful adaptation to each other, in avoiding the unde- 
sirable experiences, and holding securely the desirable 
ones. Sin came in and worked havoc in that which 
was so beautifully begun. It is the author of those 

frictions, and contentions which make life so difficult 
and unsatisfactory. Sin is a perpetual enemy to 
simple hying. After Satan injected the virus of sin 
into the veins of the human soul, God made this 
sweeping declaration, " The seed of the woman shall 
bruise the serpent's head." At this point man 
rallied, and lias ever striven to throw off the disease 
of sin with the aid of all the supernatural agencies 
that heaven was pleased to give, and this, with the 
assurance that emancipation would eventually come, 
and produce a society intensely complex in all its 
interests both temporal and spiritual, yet most simple 
in those harmonies that make life worth while. 

The finding of the simple life in complex living 
seems like a paradox, but such is the eternal law of 
progress. The tendency of man is upward, and up- 
wardness means the accumulation of the relations 
among men in securing the things that sustain life, — 
food, shelter and clothing. To remove the friction, 
incident to this march into complex conditions, God 
has provided man with a normal and religious con- 
stitution, and afterward brought the supernatural in- 
fluences- to bear upon him, such as Christ, the Holy 
Spirit, and truth, both natural and revealed, in order 
that the simple life might be preserved in this abound- 
ing complexity. The simple life then, we must un- 
derstand, is a life in harmony with God, with man, 
with his better self, and with truth. It finds its 
growth and fields of service within the confines of the 
complex. It is not opposed to the complex, but seeks 
to reduce ' the friction that generally crops out in 
human progress. 

This position is verified by the accumulated data 
found in both profane and sacred history. No single 
scripture contains the full thought, but on every page 
the evidence in its support accumulates. The human 
march from the creation to this modern period is one 
of tremendous progress, and the principle of the 
simple within the complex, working peace and har- 
mony by the aid of the Divine agencies, indicates the 
lines upon which this progress has been made. So- 
ciety is destined to go forward, not backward. 

As to the part the colleges play in the development 
of the simple life, let it be known that it is truth that 
makes men free, and that is the stock in trade in our 
colleges. Error is discarded as soon as seen. Ig- 
norance is held to be an enemy to man. Truth in 
things Biblical, literary, scientific, philosophical, ar- 
tistical, economic and social is what carves out the 
easy and healthy paths of life, where peace and the 
other fruits of the Spirit both bloom and come to 
full fruitage. It is the business, then, of our colleges 
to discover truth, cause men and women to become 
acquainted with -it, show them how to make the best 
use of it, to cause old truths to be seen with a new 
vision. When this is once accomplished in its full 
measure, and all rational beings are the happy pos- 
sessors of adequate knowledge, then will the simple 
life have attained" an ideal, through the colleges, which 
would place them as factors of first importance in 
human well-being. 

Besides our colleges as repositories of truth, they 
are ever seeking to point out what are legitimate lines 
of business, and how they may be conducted so that 
each individual of society may either directly or in- 
directly be bettered by them. They also stand for the 
nigral and religious instruction that will put each 
student in terms of peace and harmony with his 
Maker, with others, and with himself. This is the 
kind of simple life our colleges are seeking to make 
effectual. These ideals of the simple life are not 
merely theories to be taught to students, but the 
government of a well-organized college is such that 
valuable training is given in these fundamental prin- 
ciples, so that, when the students go out into the 
larger, complex world, they will become prime fac- 
tors in the removal of friction, and establishes of 
harmony in all the legitimate paths of human living. 
The surpluses and superfluities will all drop off, and 
the simple-complex phases will be seen to be the allies 
of all human progress. 

It is in the home, the church, and the state, where 
our colleges are showing their greatest worth. When 
peace and truth loving young men and women are 
leaders in these institutions of society, their whole 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 


efforts shall be to live large and full lives, and their 
occupation shall ever be the removal of friction from 
society by building up adequate measures of truth. 
It is in the full measures of truth that the simple life 
has its true flavor. If this is what our colleges are 
striving to bring about, then let us have more of them, 
and let each be endowed to its full working capacity. 
As to the part our colleges should play in the de- 
velopment of the simple life in the Church of the 
Brethren, suffice it to say that it is brought about by 
bringing 'as much truth of every useful sort to the 
knowledge of the Brotherhood as possible, — to show 
how these truths, both new and old, may be made ef- 
fectual in the development of all the interests of the 
church, — -how methods of church work might be 
changed upon occasions, so that the underlying princi- 
ples of church life might be unfettered, and a new and 
wholesome growth follow from the adoption of new 
methods, thus giving the principles their fuller expres- 
sion. To train young men and women in the arts of 
home and civil life, so that every one is bettered by the 
life he is living, also constitutes a healthful part in all 
the legitimate interests of society, in order that peace- 
and harmony may be established. It is of the highest 
importance to produce men and women for the more 
active interests of the church, that she might lead out 
into a larger life, and permeate society with gospel 
truth and health, to bring all possible natural and 
supernatural influences to bear upon society that she 
might be healed of her sins. It is all said in these 
words, — it is the business of our colleges to help the 
Brotherhood to live its largest possible life, to elimi- 
nate all friction and contentions, to bring the greatest 
body of truth into the possession of the church, and 
to show how changes of method might be made with- 
out loss to the principle involved. To do this, means 
that we'go" forward into the complex, at all times 
living the simple life through the elimination of fric- 
tion and contention by flooding the pathway with 

Daleville, Va. 

Infant Baptism Not a New Testament Ordi- 


The New Testament furnishes no account of in- 
fant baptism, either as an example or precept. In 
Mark 10: 14 Jesus himself taught very plainly that 
all infants shall be saved. Nowhere in the New Tes- 
tament does he- even hint that their salvation was 
predicated upon certain conditions, or that baptism is 
essential in the case of any infant. Have any of the 
apostles ever spoken of infant baptism, in any of 
their writings? If so, where? They tell us of the 
baptism of both men and women, but never mention 
infants (Acts S: 12). They speak of households 
(Acts 10: 16), but they make no mention of any 
children in any of these households. 

Every minister, therefore, who preaches infant 
baptism, should be frank enough to admit what a 
Lutheran minister did, some time ago, when he told 
his audience that " infant baptism is not a scriptural 
subject, and is not to be found in the New Testa- 

We once heard a Presbyterian minister say that 
" infant 'baptism is the antitype of circumcision, and 
should, like circumcision, be administered to infants." 

Such pleaching is contrary to sound reason, and 
has no scriptural grounds whatever. Circumcision 
was for males only. (See Gen. 17: 10.) If infant 
baptism is to take the place of circumcision, it would 
be for males only. Where is the preacher who would 
dare to stand up and maintain that infant baptism 
applies to males only? Would any. person tolerate 
such a baptism? Circumcision was no type of bap- 
tism. It was a token of the covenant God made 
with Abraham (Gen. 17: 1-10), and finds its ful- 
fillment in the inward circumcision of the heart, which 
we have in Christ (Rom. 2: 28; Col. 2: 11). 

So we see that infant baptism is not taught in the 
New Testament and that it is only an invention of 
man. Christ taught plainly that baptism should not 
be administered until the applicant first seeks the 
Lord, and finds peace to his soul. So, no person is 
a fit subject for baptism, — even an adult,— until he 

is able to lay hold upon faith, repentance, and re- 
generation, intelligently, thus actually obtaining sal- 
vation. Any children too young to repent of their 
sins, are too young to be held guilty before God, and 
we believe it would be a sin to burden them with man- 
invented rites. 

Gettysburg, Pa. 

» ♦ ■ 

Our Visit to the Western Schools. 


We arrived at Lordsburg College Dec. 10. We 
visited the school Dec. 11 and 12. This school has 
been largely Academic and Biblical. This year they 
have eight Collegiate students. They have a faculty 
well able to manage all these Departments. The col- 
lege is under the control of the Southern District of 
California and is well secured, financially, for five 
years. The college building, originally built for a 
hotel, does not appeal to one as being the most suitable 
for a school from the standpoint of convenience, com- 
fort, or esthetics. 

Eld. Edward Frantz, the President of the college, 
being unable to direct the school on account of ill 
health, it is ably controlled by Eld. J. P. Dickey. 

Our people have a large and well-organized church 
at Lordsburg, with the churchhouse near the college. 
The church is under the efficient care of Eld. W. F. 
England, and supplied with a superabundance of 
ministerial help. 

We took a run to the Berean Bible School, at 
Los Angeles, and spent two days there. This school 
is not under the supervision of the Educational Board, 
but as we were so near, and as Sister Bright had been 
a member of their faculty the previous year, we 
looked into its work. They were in the midst of the 
Special Bible Term. Eld. S. F. Sanger taught on the 
" Doctrines," and Eld. Walter Long, of Pennsylvania, 
on the " Prophecies of the Bible " to interested au- 
diences of twenty to forty-two during the day and 
in the evening of over a hundred. These brethren 
were assisted by several of the Faculty, — Brethren 
Eshelman, Crist and Blocher. 

They have quite an interesting Chinese Department. 
Over twenty of the Chinese boys are learning the 
English language and the truths of the Bible. A 
number of young brethren and sisters teach them 
individually. Five of them have joined the church, 
four more have applied and others are nearing the 

Our cities on the coast present advantages to teach 
the heathen right at our door. Why not convert 
them, educate them and send them as missionaries 
to their native hinds? 

But another question arises and will not down. 
Why should there be two schools so near to each 
other, when the patronage of the two is not sufficient 
to support one good College and Bible School? 

Would it not be better for the Brethren of the 
Coast Districts to unite their forces into one Bible 
School and College, and raise the standard so high 
that it would be second to none west of the Rockies? 

We visited at Empire, Covina, Patterson, Modesto 
and McFarland. Sister Bright held a Bible Institute 
of ten days at the Empire church, gave Bible Land 
Talks at Empire, Patterson and Lordsburg, and a 
special talk to the young girls and mothers at Empire. 
1 preached six times. 

At Empire and, Lordsburg there are, respectively, 
fifteen and thirty ministers, and the larger per cent of 
these are not on the retired list either! Is the minis- 
terial supply idea dilating or contracting? But I am 
getting off the question. We started home Jan. 8. 

San Simon, Arizona. 

greatest possible improvement? Here is a resolve for 
the New Year, — have you a better one? 

"Conscious of my responsibility to God for every 
thought and word and deed and in duty bound to render 
to my fellow-men the largest possible service as the best 
evidence of my love for <iy Heavenly Father, I resolve 
to strive, during the remainder of my life, to increase my 
capacity for usefulness. To this end 1 will give up any 
cause of conduct that tends to weaken my body, impair 
the strength of my mind or lower my moral purpose, and 1 
will not only endeavor to cultivate habits of industry in 
both body and mind but will seek and follow worthy 
ideals." — The Commoner. 

There is room for improvement all along the line. 
If all the money that will he spent during the year 
1913 for tobacco, neckties, and other unnecessary 
things, that add nothing to the betterment of man- 
kind, were given to the cause of soul-saving, how 
many dear souls could be led from darkness into the 
glorious light of the Son of God, and lie made to 
rejoice in the saving knowledge of a Savior's love. 
May we all resolve to do more and better work for 
the I leavenly Master ! I low many will resolve to 
lead at least one soul to Christ during the year 1913? 

Morrill, Kans. 

"A New Year's Resolve." 

"The custom of 'turning over a new leaf on New 
Year's Day is a commendable one. The old one is likely 
to be unsightly, even when we have done our best. It is 
helpful to take an annual inventory and see just what 
unsalable stock we have on hand and what we need in 
the way of new goods. It is well to make new resolves,— 
even little resolves are good, — but why not make big ones? 
Why not the biggest of all? And what is the biggest of 
all resolves? Is it not the resolve that contemplates the 

The Death of Bro. B. F. Heckman. 

To the Beloved in Our Brotherhood:— 

I was sitting in the comfortable home of J, II. 
Kline in Virginia, a home over a hundred years old 
and in which Bro. Kline, of martyred memory, of- 
ten visited, when the message reached me that our 
beloved Brother B. F. Heckman, of China, had fallen 
by the way and entered into that rest so sweet to his 
soul. A few miles down the valley from me is the 
home where his mother was born and raised; and last 
fall it was my sad duty to send a cable message to 
B. F. that mother had passed over, She had written 
a letter about two weeks before her death to her son 
in China; then took sick and died, and two weeks aft- 
er, B. F. received it. He wrote, how strange it was to 
get a letter from mother two weeks after he knew 
she was dead. She sleeps far from the home of her 
birth, in Illinois, and her son now rests, still farther 
from home, on a foreign soil. 

"Did B. F. have good medical attention?" I 
have over and over asked myself. The church had 
no physician there, hard as we have tried to secure 
one for that field. Perhaps one was brought from 
the Congregational Hospital, some distance away. 
Perhaps he grew worse too soon, for the doctor, about 
two days away, to get there. I don't know. But this 
I know, it takes heroic faith to go to the frontier for 
the Lord, — just the kind, too, that a man wants when 
he comes to die. 

But why should he be called? He was entering 
the prime of life. He was so vigorous of body; he 
was so well prepared for the work in China, educa- 
tionally and otherwise; oh, he was needed so much, 
as our human eyes view the situation. It just seems 
to me, as I write, I can see that band of noble work- 
ers,— now only ten,— on the field, gathering around 
Bro. Hecktnan's resting place, almosl disconcerted, 
and looking up with longing eyes to him whom they 
serve, and saying, " Though the way is not under- 
stood, yet, I.ord, thy will be done." 

"Needed?" At the last Board meeting China 
called for ten workers to be sent out this coming 
summer, but where are they who will go? 

I was in the Greenmount congregation of Virginia 
where was born one who is now ready to go to the 
field this summer, providing a financial obligation 
could be removed, and never have I found a people 
who, when they understood, showed a better spirit and 
a more willing hand. The labor was one, lightened 
by brethren and sisters on every hand, and my heart 
is full of joy because of what I know of the Green- 
mount people. They have, through their helpfulness, 
made it possible, as far as they are concerned, to have 
a son of their congregation go, But he will but fill 
up the gap in number. Who will increase it one?— 
is the burden of my heart as I write these lines today. 
The Lord is good; let us walk in his goodness, ever 
doing his will! Fraternally. 

Galen B. Royer. Sec'y-T* reas - 

Bridtjczvater, I 'a., Jan, ij. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 


Our Jubilee. 


In Leviticus we read how the Lord told Moses in 
Mount Sinai, saying: "Speak unto the children of 
Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the 
land which I give you, then shall the land keep a 
sabbatli unto the Lord " (Lev. 25 : 2). " And ye shall 
hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty through- 
out all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it 
shall be a jubilee unto you" (Lev. 25: 10). This 
jubilee year was to be kept every successive fiftieth 
year. Imagine the exceeding joy those people ex- 
perienced ! 

It so happened, by the way, that, during the latter 
part of the summer of 1862, a young man and his 
wife, and four equally earnest women, realized, too, 
the exceeding joy and full satisfaction of being de- 
livered from the bondage of sin, as they were re- 
ceived into fellowship with the children of God. The 
same year, Nov. 2, two men, husbands of two of the 
women referred to above, and another young man 
and the writer, a youth, embraced the opportunity of 
uniting with God's people, sharing the same degree 
of joy and comfort. 

Since all this took place in 1S62, we might well 
deem it worthy of a fifty years' commemoration. So, 
according to the ancient custom, this party would 
justly be entitled to a jubilee celebration. At any rate, 
the writer is willing cheerfully to express the highest 
degree of appreciation for the exceptionally pleasant 
Christian associations, and the many inspiring and 
soul-uplifting sermons enjoyed among the dear breth- 
ren of this vicinity. 

But this picture has another side. A little obser- 
vation naturally teaches us that likely the largest per 
cent of the Children of Israel had fallen by the way, 
that, during their first fifty years' sojourn in the land 
of Canaan, many went to the great beyond. 

All the members, above alluded to, are yet living. 
All the other members, with the exception of one, 
eighty-five years of age (a pilgrim father), who lived 
at that time in the congregation (Cinques), as it is 
now constituted, have gone to their long home. Those 
of us, of the 1S62 members, who still remain in the 
land of the living, perceptibly realize that the sun of 
our lives is fast nearing the evening horizon. The 
writer feels like endorsing the sentiment of the poet: 

"With cheerful hope her eyes explore 
Each landmark on the distant shore, 
The trees of life, the pastures green." 
MastersonvUlc, Pa. 

The Gideons. 


The Messenger has informed its readers, from 
time to time as to the commendable work done by the 
" Gideons," the Christian commercial travelers' as- 
sociation of the United States and Canada, in placing 
a Bible in the bedrooms of every hotel. 

Recently the writer had occasion to find lodging in 
one of these rooms, while in Canada, and found 
there, in conspicuous view, one of the Bibles thus 
provided, with good binding and plain print. On the 
inside of the lid was found the following, which we 
submit herewith, believing it will be appreciated by 
many of the Messenger readers : 
Blessed Truth. 

" For God so loved the world, that he gave his only 
begotten Son, that whosoever believcth in him should 
not perish, but have everlasting life" (John 3: 16). 
Good News. 

1. If you are in trouble, read Psa. 34. 

2. If trade is poor, read Psa. 37. 

3. If very prosperous, read 1 Cor. 10: 12. 

4. If overcome and backsliding, read James 1 and Rosea 

5. If tired of sin, read Psa. 51 and Luke 18: 9-14. 

6. If you desire something new, read John 3 and Rev. 
21 and 22. 

7. If you desire peace, power and plenty, read John 14. 

8. If you are lonesome and restless, read Psa. 23 and 

9. If you are losing confidence in men, read 1 Cor. 13. 

10, If you desire peaceful slumbers, read Psa. 121. 
Where You Can Find: 

1. The Lord's Prayer,— Matt. 6: 9-13. 

2. The Final Judgment,— Rev. 20. 

3. The Prodigal Son,— Luke 15. 

4. The Sermon on the Mount, — Matt. 5-7. 

5. The Promise of the Resurrection,— 1 Cor. 15: 35-S8. 

6. The Ten Commandments, — Ex. 20: 3-17. 

7. The Three Greatest Masterpieces of Oration, — Deut. 
32, Isa. 40, Acts 17: 22-31. 

A Prayer. 
Jesus, take tliis heart of mine. 
Make it pure and wholly thine. 
I wilt henceforth live for Uiee, 
God helping me, for thy name's sake. Amen. 

To read the Bible through in one year, read three 
chapters each week day and five chapters on Sunday. 
A blessed experience, — try it once. 
Greenville, Ohio. 

A Remarkable Curiosity. 


As I was traveling along, one evening, about dusk, 
I happened to fall in company with a very old man. 
He had been a soldier, and served, through the Civil 
War, on the " losing side." He was a very talkative 
companion, (as was the writer) and, somehow, our 
conversation drifted to the Bible. 

Said he: " I can show you something no other man, 
that lives anywhere around here, can show you." 

" What is it," I asked. 

Without replying, he took from an inner pocket of 
his vest a very time-worn little book. 

" What kind of a book is it, and where did you get 
it," I asked, thinking, probably, it might be some 
ancient book of witchery, black art, or otherwise. 

He handed it to me and, upon opening it, I ex- 
claimed : " Why, it is a New Testament ! But what 
is there remarkable about it?" 

" You want the story, I see," said he. " Well, I 
was in a Federal prison at Rock Island, in the year 
1863. We were having a tough time of it, my com- 
panions and I. One day an old, white-haired, gray- 
bearded man visited our prison. He had a wagon 
load of Testaments with him. He formed all of us 
Rebel soldiers in a line. Then, taking his wagon load 
of Testaments, he drove down the line, giving one to 
each of us. Testaments were a rarity in those days, 
I tell you, and we were mighty well pleased with 
ours, partly because the old man, who gave them to 
us, looked so good. He was a preacher, I reckon, for 
he told us to read our Testaments, and said if we 
had studied them we would not be where we were 
then. That is the one he gave me, and I have kept 
it ever since. I carried it in a knapsack for two 
years, till the war was over. Let's see, I have had 
it for forty-nine years." 

I have often wondered if any of the soldiers are 
living yet, to whom the white-haired old man gave 
the Testaments. I have wondered, too, whether this 
man had learned the lessons of peace, taught in the 
Sacred Volume, which he had kept" so long. 
Laura, Ky. 

The Work at York, Pa. 


Since our last regular report from the York 
churches, Eld. Wm'. Roop, of Maryland, held a two 
weeks' series of meetings in the church on Belvidere 
Avenue, in the city, which resulted in the baptism of 
two young people, with many others " near the king- 
dom." Jan. 19 Bro. Clapper, of the western part of 
this State, will hold a series of meetings in our church 
in the eastern part of the city. This is usually con- 
sidered a mission point, but has an interesting, rous- 
ing Sunday-school of nearly two hundred children, 
to whom the Gospel is taught regularly every Sun- 
day in the year, and much good must eventually be 
the result of the work there. 

Jan. 9, last, we held our quarterly council in the 
church on Belvidere Avenue. Bro. L. Elmer Leas, 
one of our young ministers, was advanced to the 
second degree of the ministry. A few evenings pre- 
vious to this council, the church elected its Sunday- 
school officers for the ensuing year, with Abram 
Hershey and Jos. J. Bowser as superintendents of 

the Belvidere Avenue- Sunday-school. Brethren Jno. 
K. Pfaltzgraff and Harry Flohr are to have charge 
of the Sunday-school in East York. The church at 
this place granted Bro. Jacob Kurtz, of this city, a 
" Travelers' Certificate," with the privilege of giving 
talks on his " Industrial and Training School for 
Boys," wherever he is requested to do so. We regret 
to learn that quite a number of our members in the 
city are moving to other cities shortly. A number of 
members have also been sick during the past month. 
York, Pa. _^ 

Some folks — many, indeed — rebel against the 
drudgery of everyday life. But rebellion will not re- 
duce drudgery. It may increase its burden. The best 
antidote for drudgery is the spirit of joy. Be happy in 
your work, and your tasks will seem light, heavy 
though they may be. 


The Victory That Overcometh the World. 

1 John 5: 4. Read 1 John 1: 1-12. 
For Sunday Evening, February 2, 1913. 

I. What Is the World Which Is to Be Overcome?— 

(1) Not the visible order of things. Why (Psa. 19: 1)? 
Not the material earth; nor human beings (Eph. 
6: 12). (2) "The world is Satan's organization of 
unbelieving mankind, upon his cosmic principles of force, 
greed, selfishness, ambition and pleasure." Criticise this. 
(3) To whom does it belong (Matt. 4: 8, 9; John 12: 31; 
14: 30; 18: 36)? (4) In whom does it work (Eph. 2: 2)? 
(5) 'What are some of its principles (Eph. 2: 3; 6: 12; 
1 John 2: 16)? (Write these out, if possible, on a black- 
board where all may see them.) 

II. The Christian's Relation to This World.— (1) Would 
Christ have us taken out of it (John 17: IS)? Why 
(John 17: 16-18)? (2) What should be our attitude to- 
ward'it (Matt. 5: 14; Eph. 6: 12; Rom. 12: 2, 21)? (Re- 
ferring to the principles given under No. 5 of the first 
section, name as many ways as possible by which we may 
be conformed or fashioned to this world.) 

III. What Is the Secret of Overcoming the World?— 
(1) Has it ever been overcome (John 16: 33)? (2) Can 
we have power to overcome it also (Matt. 28: 20; Rom. 
1: 16)? (3) Where must be the source of our acts? (a) 
"Whatsoever [not whosoever] is begotten of God" (1 
John 5: 4). (b) Why will this bring victory? 

IV. What Is the Means by Which We Receive the 
Power That Overcometh?— (1) The relation of faith (1 
John 5: 4, 5; 1 Peter 1: 5). (2) Our equipment (Eph. 
6: 10-16). 


The Secret of Knowledge. 

Prov. 9: 10; Hosea 6: 3. 
For Week Beginning February 2, 1913. 

1. Where Knowledge May Be Had.— Solomon points 
out that "the fear of Jehovah is the beginning of wisdom; 
and the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding." 
Hosea, in the words of our lesson, entreats us to "follow 
on to know Jehovah." Real knowledge may be had by 
following the leading of these two texts. Earthly knowl- 
edge, — precious as it may seem to us, — can not compare 
with "the knowledge of the Holy One" (Psa. 9: 10; 107: 
43; Prov. 4: 7-9; Dan. 12: 3; Col. 3: 16; James 3: 13). 

2. Developing the Powers Within. — "The secret of the 
Lord is with them that fear him, and he will show them 
his covenant." The educational training that is only to 
serve one for a few years in this world, with no corre- 
sponding development of soul, fails in meeting the great 
purpose of man while here below. Man's life "consistetli 
not in the abundance of the things that he possesseth," 
and if his education has only increased his ability to 
possess, then it has not contributed to the chief end of 
man. It is our mission in life to prepare for a glorious 
destiny beyond, and to do all the good we can while we 
are on the way to the glory world (Psa, 111: 10; Prov. 
2: 1-6; 3: 13-18; 1 Cor. 2: 9-11; 14: 20; Eph. 5: 15-17; 
James 1: 5; Psa. 90: 12). 

3. The Knowledge That Ennobles.— The knowledge that 
rests on the fear of God, enters into every conception of 
life. By it we are enabled to look upon all things, and 
estimate them at their true value. Business will be con- 
ducted by it on principles of fairness; our pleasures will 
not deteriorate into lawlessness; schools and philanthro- 
pies will be the better because of it. The secret of all 
true knowledge is close to the great Father Heart of God. 
If we would grow strong in the things worth while, wise 
in the things that call for wisdom; courageous in the face 
of danger, we must keep the path open to the fountain 
of wisdom (Prov. 13: 14-16; 16: 16, 20-24; 18: 15; 23: 12; 
Isa. 33: 6; Matt. 7: 24, 25; 1 John 4: 6). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 



Character Sketches from 
My Jungle Home 

By NORA E. BERKEBILE (Late Missionary in India) 

No. 9 — Darkabai's Baby and Some Superstitions. 

"Come in, Darkabai. Sit down!" She came in 
but would never sit in my presence unless I insisted 
very, very much. 

The baby sat astride her 
hip. A sweet little Indian 
baby she was but, oh, so 

" Darkabai," we asked, 
"why do you not wash 
baby's face? You bathe her 
every morning, do you 

" Yes, Madam Saheb." 
"If you bathe her, why 
do you not bathe her face 
as well? She is a beautiful 

" Madam Saheb, do not say that," and she covered 
the little one's face with the end of her sarde, as she 

"What shall I say then? American mothers like 
to have folks think their children are nice." 

"We do not like that way here. If I leave my 
baby's face dirty, the gods can not see her beauty and 
they will not notice her. If they think her beautiful, 
perhaps they will make her blind or strike her dead. 
We think people who make such an ado over our 
children's beauty have the evil eye, and are in league 
with demons. You must never say that a Hindoo 
child is beautiful." 

Just then one of her friends, a healthy, rather stout 
woman came to the door and we invited her in. 

Darkabai said, " How sadly you have changed since 
you were here before. I scarcely knew you. You 
are so thin and look sick." The other one replied 
that she thought Darkabai must be badly off indeed. 

I wondered why they were speaking so depreciat- 
ingly of each other, and I asked them. 

"Why, Madam Saheb, that is our way. We never 
tell a person we think they are looking well. They 
would think we were jealous of their health." 

" Must you not tell people pleasant things, or make 
pleasant comments about them or their possessions?" 
we asked. " Suppose a man has a nice garden, a large 
house, a fine horse or beautiful children. What can 
I say?" 

" Better tell him his garden has poor soil, that his 
house is small for his family, or that his horse looks 
sick than to tell him something good about them." 

"Well, Darkabai, when will I ever know you 
people and your queer ways?" 

" About as soon as we shall get accustomed to you 
and your ways," she laughingly replied. 

One day some Katode people were catching min- 
nows and, wishing to talk with them, I asked what 
luck they were having. They stopped fishing and I 
knew I had spoiled their luck. They do not like to 
have any one even ask about their fishing. 

Knowing Babiji so well, I called to him one day, 
while he was fishing in the tank. He said he was 
having no luck at all and was half angry at me. I 
knew he had several bullheads in his basket, and was 
having reasonably good success. 

When passing out, Darkabai accidentally touched 
my fqot. She touched her hand to her forehead, 
then lowered it to my foot, and again to her fore- 
head. Treading on any one's foot demands an im- 
mediate apology, and often and often she has done 

As she passed out and met Saheb. she turned her 
back as a sign of respect. She is not so free to talk 
with him as she is with me. Hindoo women, as a 
rule, are very modest. It is amusing to see the girls 
at Bulsar come in to .church with head down, saris 
half over their face and the row of girls which is 

seated next to the men's side of the house, have that 
side of their face completely hidden. Some sit with 
backs turned towards them. It is much more be- 
coming than the attitude taken by some of the young 
women in Christian lands. Take, for instance, a half 
dozen young girls, chewing gum, giggling, and looking 
at the boys as they pass down the aisle. Given my 
choice between the two, I would take the Indian 
woman's way every time. Yet our own way is all 
right too, if we follow our own true manner of proper 

But back to Darkebai's baby again. She had its 
eyelids rubbed with a black substance which, I think, 
is a kind of lampblack or charcoal, mixed with grease. 
She thinks it looks nice and is good Tor the eyes. 
Most babies' eyes are blackened this way, I notice, 
especially the Mohammedan children's eyelashes. 

Just then Junnebai came in and said, " Madam 
Saheb, the Bhut (ghost) was "walking about last 
night. He lives in the old prickly palm tree, just on 
the corner there." 

" What did he do ?" ' 

" He walked up and down the road, making noises, 
and if he should get near us he would grab us by the 
hair and no telling where he would take us. O he 
is a bad one! Are you not afraid?" 

"No, no, Junnie; get such nonsense out of your 
head. Ghosts, or Bhuts, as you call them, are all 
imagination. It is just a story in your mind and not 
something in the tree. Of course I am not afraid. 
Who saw this wonderful Bhut?" 

" Sherput, and my father, and some more people." 

I did not wonder if Babiji had seen things, for he 
usually fills up with daru in the evening and is drunk 
enough to see ghosts, but I must question Sherput 
when he brings the oxen from the pasture. 

But I did not need to question him. He came to the 
Miss Saheb and asked for three pins. She gave them 
and then asked what he wanted with them. 

He said if he put the three pins info his coat he 
would not need to fear the Bhut when out at night. 
We tried to tell him he need not fear the ghost any 
way, but he felt more secure to have those pins in his 

If a snake crosses one's pathway, a native will often" 
turn back home. 

A widow is a bad omen to the Hindoo, and he 
does not like to see a widow the first thing in the 
morning, before starting on the day's work. Jackals 
are evil omens if met on the way. 

Trees, rocks, and hills are peopled by Bhuts, and 
idols are set up here and there, where offerings may he 
made to appease the wrath of the Bhuts. 

So it was not carelessness nor ignorance of the 
rules of cleanliness which kept Darkabai from wash- 
ing her baby's face, but a fear of that dreadful Bhut 
in the old palm tree, or of some other one from be- 
yond the hills, or in the old pipal tree down by the 
well. (To Be Continued.) 


WILLOW CREEK, S. DAK. — Our Sisters' Aid Society at 
Wetonka was reorganized May 28, 1912. Fourteen meetings 
■were held, with an average attendance of thirteen. The B0- 
ciety made fifteen rugs and sold thirteen. We have two on 
hand. A box of clothing, containing 132 garments and valued 
at S45.95, was sent to the Minneapolis Mission. We received 
into the treasury, $43.55; paid out for working material, etc., 
510.88; sent $5 to the Minneapolis Mission, $5 to the Winona 
Mission, Minn., $10 to the District Mission Board, and have 
on hand $8.92, to be used at home If necessary. — Lizzie C. 
Tooker, Secretary, Wetonka, S. Dak., Jan. 8. 

EOCKINGHAM, MO. — The following is our report for 1912: 
We held twenty-one meetings, with an average attendance of 
six. Total amount collected; $9.66. We gave one comforter to 
a needy sister; donated $5 to Bethany Bible School, $5 to the 
Kansas City Mission, Mo., $5 to the- South St. Joseph Mission, 
Mo., and $5 to Sister Sarah L-iuver, of Maywood, 111. We re- 
ceived for prayer-coverings and goods sold $5.35, and for 
other articles sold $6.45. We paid out $5 for room rent. We 
had $6 In the treasury at the beginning of the year; amount 
on hand, ninety-live cents. Sister Minnie Sandy is our Pres- 
ident, and the writer. Secretary-treasurer.— Kittie Bowman, 
Norborne, Mo., Jan. 10. 

TWIN FALLS, IDAHO.— The following Is our report for 
the year ending Doc. 30. 1912: We held twenty-three meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of seven, plus. We mnde 
eighty-five garments, four comforters, and quilted ono quilt. We 
received $33.47; paid out for material and other supplies. 
$13.17; gave $5 to a brother who had a loss bv fire, leaving a 
balance, of $15.30. We reorganized Jan. 2, with Sister Mary 
Swab, Presfdent; Sister Susan Flory, Superintendent; the writ- 
er. Secretary-treasurer. — Ella F.ihrney, 7l!l Second Avenue, M. 
Twin Falls, Idaho, Jan. 2. 

TREVILIAN, VA.— The Sisters' Aid Society of this con- 
gregation met Dec. 11 In regular monthly meeting, and re- 
elected officers- for the present year as follows: Sister Rmma 
Gllck, President; Sister Prlscilla Shuninkor-, Vice-president: 
Sister Ada Garber, Treasurer. The collections since our last 
report, June 9, amounted to $3.52. We received $7.03 for 
work done, having finished and sold three eountenpanos and 
soveral comforters; also pillow-cases, head-rests, etc. Our 
expenses amounted to $2.38. — Merle Shumnkev, Secretary, 
Trevilian, Va„ Jan. 6. 

HAGEBSTOWN, MD,— The following Is our report for 1912: 
Eigflit meetings were held, with an average attendance of 
twelve. Total amount of collections, $9.G5. Wo received for 
comforters and quilts, mode and sold, $53.35; expenditures of 
the society for the year. $13.19; gave for the support of one 
orphan In India, $20; donated to tho World-wide Mission Fund, 
55; donations to tho church in Indianapolis. $13.41. We had 
$60. 5S in the treasury at tho beginning of the voar; 
amount received, $(13.35; total amount paid out. $62,60; amount 
in the treasury at the present time, $71.13. Our officers for 
1013 are as follows: Sister laitlo Reltchard, President; Sis- 
ter Lcra Miller, Vice-president: Sister Julia Shaffer, Treasurer; 
the writer, Secretary.— Nora V. Saum, ITngerslown, Mil., Jan. 

GOSHEN, IND.— 'Pile following Is the report of our West 
Side Sisters' Aid Society from March 7, 1912, to Deo, 19, 1912: 
We hold sixteen meetings, with an average attendance or four- 
teen. Money received for art! el os made and sold amounted 
to $25. S3; money received In collections, $9.23; mom y »\\ hand 
at first of the year, $7(90; total amount In treasury, $12.95, 
Money expended fdV donations and material, $39.58; donations 
out of the treasury, $25.71; donations bv labor and money 
collected, $74. 6S; total donations, $100. 44. Wo have In the 
treasury $3.37. We reorganized- Jan. 2, 1913, at which Lime the 
following officers were chosen: Sister Nannie Prlsor, Presi- 
dent; Sister Mary Ilnldemnn, Vioe-prosklonti Slstor Maud 
Loedy, Secretary; Sister Satrmh drlipo, Treasurer. — BftrLha 
George, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 8. 

FOSTORIA, OHIO.— Following Is our report for ono year, 
beginning Jaw. i, 1912, and ending Jan. 2, 1913: During the 
yea.r we held twenty-five meetings, with an average attendance 
of eight. We made and sold sixty-nine aprons, Ijwealy-flve 
dust-caps, two clothes-pin aprons, and quilted twelve quilts, 
We knotted ono comforter and donated It to the Orphanage; 
also donated one quilt to tills Home. Wo made one orasy- 
paitch quilt and donated It to our pastor and his wife. On that 
occasion we took our dinners with us and had a good social 
time at their home. Wo also donated $30 to them. Our total 
receipts for the year were $41.28; expenses, $5.98; leaving 
$5.35 In tlie treasury. We reorganized for another year's 
work, with Sister Dydia Dlckoy as President, and the writer. 
. Secretary-treasurer. — lDlla Sellers, n. D. 1, Fostorla, Ohio, 
Jan. <i. 

oebmantown, fa.— We hold sixteen meetings during bun 
past year, with an average attendance of six ami an enroll- 
ment of thirty. Some of theso pay only their dues, while 
others take part In the work. We made nluety-elght articles 
of clothing during the year. We received for goods sold 
$59.01; for dues, $2(1.01; by donations, $1.30, Wo paid out 
$110 for a native school In India and gave fo home mission 
work, $7.32. We meet every other Wednesday afternoon and 
sew until four o'clock, when wo have Scripture reading and 
prayer. Then the roll Is called by the Secretary, and oaoll 
ono answers by a Scripture verse. Our meetings an 1 an- 
nounced from tho pulpit each Sunday, and at ttio OlOSC el' oaoll 
year tho full report of the society Is read ait our chureli busi- 
ness meetings. — Mrs. M. C. Swlgart, 0011 Gormantown Ave- 
nue, Philadelphia, Pn„ Jan, 8, 

AMTIOCH, IMD — The following is a report of the Sisters' 
Aid Society of the Kilt buck church: We met at filic home Of 
Sisler Maria Prlddy Dec. 27, 1912, for our second anniversary. 
Our new officers are: Sister Maria Prlddy, Pi'OsIdGnt; SlStoi" 
Katie Millspaugh, Vice-president; the writer, S COVO tar y- treas- 
urer; Sister Estel llowers, Assistant. During the past year 
we held 1 thirty-two meetings, with an enrollment of thirty 
active members and one benevolent member. The total num- 
ber present during tho year was 314; average attendance, 
nine; free-will offering, $11.41, Our Industrial work consisted 
of qudltlng five quilts, knotting seven comforters and quilting 
one. We made eight bonnets, 'thirteen ip ray or-co vert ngw, 
eighteen garments, and sewed several pounds of carpet rags. 
We attended one sale. Wo also papered our church, bought 
three chairs, and paid for two lights. We received during Hie 
year $70.65; balance on hand, $28.37.— Lulu M. Ritchie, R. D. 
12, Muncle, Ind., Jan. 11. 

beaveeton, MICH.— The following Is our report for 1012: 
We held one special and eleven regular meetings, with an 
average attendance of ten. Our work consists moslly of mak- 
ing quilts, comforters, apron 8,. clothes-pin aprons and prayer- 
coverings. We had, at the beginning of the year, $48,83, We 
marie the following donations: To a sick sister, $5; to an af- 
flicted family, $5; to a sick brother, $10; to our elder, $10, 
as a small token of our appreciation for his labors here; for 
the furnishing of a room at Mount Morris College, $50. We 
sont two boxes of clothing to the Grand Rapids Mission, 
Mich. Other small donations were made to the needy. On 
Thanksgiving Day we had a program. Our offering amounted 
to $7.89. We received a donation of $36 from a iU-nr old bIh- 
tor. Wo hope to be able to do much good with It. We have 
$40 in the bank, to be used for the building Of our church 
sheds, and a balance of $8.23 on hand. Our hist meeting was 
held Jan. 2, at the home of Sister ('rowel, with a good attend- 
ance. Our officers for Lhe present year arc a» follows: Sister 
Zepha Harnish. President; sister Minn Van Dyke, Vice-pres- 
ident: Sister Cassle Kaiiffman, Secretary; Sister Anna Iliipp, 
Treasurer. — Mrs. Archie Van Dyke, Beavorton, Gladwin Co., 
Mich.. Jan, 8, 

BEOOKVILLE, OHIO. —The following is a report of our 
■Sisters' Aid Society from December, ion, until December, 1912: 
We hold thirty-three meetings, wllh an average attendance Of 
eleven. We keenly fret the loss of our Vice-president. Sister 
Barbara Brumbaugh, who was called to her roward. She was 
one of our active charter members. During the year we made 
sixty-one prayer-coverings, eighteen garments, three bonnets, 
five comforters, pieced three quilts, and (milted six. Quite a 
lot of Clothing was donated to us; also three quilts ready to 
quilt. We sent a box of clothing to Grand Rapids, Mloh,, 
consisting of fifty-four articles, valued at $15. We sent $10 
to Sister Homer Bright in China, to he used as she sees proper. 
We donated $5 for the orphan whom tho Sunday-school Is 
supporting. We also gave other donations In money, amount- 
ing to $33.10. Wo received as donations $17.04. The Harvest 
Meeting gave us $5, and a council meeting, $3.88. We so- 
licited for the other funds. Our balance from 1911 was $28.92. 
Our collections amounted to $16.26. Total amount received, 
$62 14; paid out, $42.60; balance on hand. $48.46. Our build- 
ing fund, consisting of birthday and free-will offerings, has 
$15.10 in the treasury. At our election officers ' for the year 
were chosen as follows: Sister Hetta Stoufrer Bright, Presi- 
dent- Sister Salome Fasnacht, Vice-president; Sister Dora Hay, 
Superintendent; Sisler Ida Hay, Secretary-treasurer of the 
Building Fund; the writer. Secretary-treasurer.— Dona Zum- 
brun, Brookvllle, Ohio, Jan. 8. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1913. 

The Gospel Messenger 

Official Org»n of the Church of the Brethren. 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission board. 

16 to E4 South Statb Street, Elgin, Illinois. 


Editor, D. L. MUler. „ „ 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding: Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early Penn Laird, Va. 

Grant Mahan Omaja. Cuba. 

Business Manager, R. L. Arnold. 

Advisor? Committee. 

S. N. McCann, G. W. Lentz, P. R. Keltner. 

GF~A11 business and communications intended for the paper should 
and not to any individual connected with iL 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin. III., as Second-class Matter. 

Sixteen were baptized recently in the Mountville 
congregation, Pa. -. 

At Elamsville, Va., where Bro. J. llowman recently 
held a series of meetings, nine applied for member- 

The Bible Term at Daleville, Va., is said to have 
been largely attended. There were six applicants for 

We have just printed a second edition of our 
premium book, " Some Who Led," and all orders to 
date have been filled. 

The revival work, recently done in New Enterprise, 
Pa., resulted in twenty being added to the church by 
confession and baptism. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe, of Red Cloud, Nehr., as- 
sisted by, his wife, is now engaged in a series of 
meetings in the Arcadia church, Nebr. 

We have all the copies of Nos. 11, 16 and 43 we 
need for our special files, and wish to thank those who 
were so kind as to supply us with the issue called for. 

We are just in receipt of the Minutes of North- 
eastern Ohio, and observe that one query goes to the 
Annual Meeting. It will appear in the Messenger 
in due time. 

Bro. Edward Ruff, of Richfield, Kans., is think- 
ing of changing his location, and would be pleased to 
communicate with congregations needing a minister 
who is in the eldership. 

During some special evangelistic work in the vi- 
cinity of Fruitdale and Citronelle, Ala., five were 
added to the church by confession and baptism, and 
one was restored to fellowship. 

The congregation at Meyersdale, Pa., numbers 387, 
and during 1912 there were thirty-three conversions. 
This is a good showing. It means that for each eight 
members one was added to the flock. 

Bro. Granville Nevinger wishes us to announce 
that his address has been changed from Decatur, this 
State, to Cazenovia, a point on the Chicago and Alton 
Railroad, and about 225 miles southwest of Chicago. 

Bro. C. W. Lahman, of Franklin Grove, 111, 
called at the Messenger sanctum a few days ago. Pie 
is a member of the Railroad Committee for Annual 
Meeting, and will soon begin his negotiations with the 
Passenger Associations regarding rates to the Winona 
Con f erence. 

Bro. Peter Arnold, of Burlington, W. Va., is 
asking us to state that in our issue of Jan. 11, page 
24, third column, second item from the top in Bro. 
Brumbaugh's correction, there is still a little mistake. 
It should be Geo. T. Leatherman, instead of George 
S. Leathennan. , 

On learning of the death of Bro. B. F. Heckman. 
the Sunday-school at Girard, 111., sent Sister Heck- 
man a nice letter expressing their sympathy for her 
in the loss of her devoted husband. We have a copy 
of the letter on our desk. The Sunday-school at 
Girard is supporting the sister while in the field. 

Bro. C. H. Slifer, of Florida, should be addressed 
at Arcadia instead of Miami. He reports weather 
simply perfect in that part of the world. 

Bro. Salem Beery is at this time engaged in a 
series of meetings in the Mount Garfield church, Colo. 
Some have applied for membership, and others may 
accept the call before the meetings close. 

. As a tribute of respect to Bro. B. F. Heckman, 
the members at Mount Morris held a memorial service 
in the College Chapel last Sunday evening. The aged 
father and one of Bro. Heckman's brothers attended 
the meeting. 

After Feb. 1 Bro. F. R. Coffman, of Parkerford, 
Pa., should be addressed at 1120 Greenfield Avenue, 
corner of Mt. Clair Street, Pittsburgh, Pa.„ He en- 
ters upon his pastoral duties in that city the beginning 
of the month. 

At this time Brethren D. L. Miller and Galen B. 
Royer are in the special Bible Term at Bridgewater, 
Va., the former delivering talks on Church Govern- 
ment and Church History, and the latter conducting 
revival services. 

The wife of Bro. J. Edwin Keller, of Bethany 
Bible School, died last Monday evening. She leaves 
a little babe about ten days old. Sister Keller was a 
fine Christian woman, loved and highly respected by 
all who knew her. . 

It was our pleasure to listen to a good address by 
Bro. John Calvin Bright in. Chicago, last Sunday 
morning. After spending a few weeks in California, 
he and Sister Bright were on their way to their home 
at Brookville, Ohio. 

The cablegram, concerning the death of Bro. B. F. 
Heckman, missionary in China, has prompted the 
Secretary of the General Mission Board to address 
a special communication to all the Messenger readers. 
See page 53, this issue. 

Bro. A. J. Nickev, of Kearney, Nebr., thinks there 
is a splendid opening for the building up of a church 
at North Platte, his "State. In November he held some 
meetings at that point, and five entered into a cov- 
enant relation with their Lord and Master. 

Should any of our ministers have a trip to Mon- 
tana in view, or think of passing that way, they will 
please communicate with Bro. D. M. Moothart, Cul- 
bertson, Mont, as he wishes to secure some one to 
hold a series of meetings. Next June, or the early 
part of July, would be the best time for a revival. 

The parcel post is demonstrating its value, and is 
appreciated by the people all over the country. The 
first package coming to our desk contained nine ap- 
ples from Bro. T. C. Denton's orchard, Daleville, Va. 
There may be better apples than the " Virginia Beau- 
ty," but it has never been our pleasure to sample 

Bro. John S. Noffsinger, a minister, married, and 
a college graduate, of five years' experience as a teach- 
er in high school and college, is looking for a position 
as superintendent or principal of high school, but 
will not be ready to enter upon the work before Sep- 
tember. He prefers to locate in a town where there 
is a Brethren church, and may be addressed at Box 
250, Mount Morris, 111. 

Bro. John Heckman, of Polo, 111., Chairman of 
the Mission Board of Northern Illinois and Wiscon- 
sin, is asking us to call the attention of all those in- 
terested, to the meeting of the Board at the residence 
of Bro. O. P. Haines, Rockford, III, Feb. S, at 9 A. 
M. Those having business for the Board will see 
that it is in the hands of the Secretary, Bro. Elmer 
Zuck, Lanark, III, in ample time. 

Sister Lulu Eisenbise Miller, of Effingham, 
Kans., writes us concerning her recent experience in 
a hospital in Kansas City, where she submitted to a 
critical operation. Before placing herself in the hands 
of the surgeon, she had the elders administer the 
anointing. When sufficiently recovered to read, she 
found the Messenger comforting to her soul. She 
is now in her home, free from pain, and feeling great- 
ly encouraged. 

Owing to the scarlet fever breaking out in a com- 
munity where Bro. W. R. Miller was to have devoted 
some weeks to his line of work, it becomes necessary 
for the lectures to be postponed, and for this reason 
he has at his disposal a few weeks that can be given 
to congregations desiring his services. He may be 
addressed at Nappanee, Ind. 

" The Secret of Prayer " is the title of a splendid 
book by Enoch E. Byrum, and published by Fleming 
H. Revell Company, New York, price, $1 net. The 
whole subject of prayer is taken up and discussed in 
forty-nine short, interesting and well-prepared chap- 
ters*. The reading is easy and restful, the pages at- 
tractive, and the work is spiritual and devotional 

A number of our patrons are donating the Mes- 
senger to friends and relatives. They remit $1 to 
have us send' the paper one year to some one in whom 
they are interested. It would be difficult to find a 
better way of employing that amount of money. 
Then there are others who have the paper donated 
to those not members, at the rate of fifty cents a 
year. This they do in the interest of mission work. 

Bro. D. H. Baker, of Planover, Pa., writes: "The 
Gospel Messenger is getting better every week. I 
will now renew subscriptions for all my children, for 
myself, for the Almshouse, and for the Gettysburg 
Tail God bless the Gospel Messenger family." 
Bro. Baker knows how to make a wise use of the 
Messenger. And, by the way, he is not the only 
father who has the paper sent to all of his children ; 
nor is he the only one who remembers the almshouses 
and jails. There is a reward awaiting generous 
people of this type. 

A short time ago we received a letter and circulars 
from a party engaged in the lottery business in Copen- 
hagen, Denmark. We at once sent the package to the 
General Post Office Department at Washington, D. C. 
and in a few days received a letter from the depart- 
ment, saying that orders had been given to intercept 
and return to the writers all letters to the party 
in question. While lotteries are not allowed in this 
country, those carrying on the dishonorable business 
in other lands are not permitted to use our mail 
service in doing business in the United States. 

The Brethren in Germantown, Pa., have found that 
the Messenger is quite a help in their work. Under 
date of Jan. 11 Bro. M. C. Swigart, the pastor, says: 
" Enclosed find check for $18 in payment for enclosed 
list of names to whom the Gospel Messenger is do- 
nated. We are not ashamed to send the Messenger 
into the homes of all classes, hence' we try to reach 
those who appreciate our church and what she stands 
for, both in homes where we have no members, and 
also in those where we have members who, perhaps, 
do not feel able to pay for it. This all is the work 
of the Home Department in our church." 

Bro. E. B. Hoff, of Bethany Bible School, who was 
with the Manchester members in their special Bible 
Institute, last week, tells us that the attendance was 
very large and the interest the very best. He is very 
much pleased with the Manchester College, and says 
that the way the members in Indiana are rallying 
around the institution, is encouraging. The managers 
of the school have found occasion to let people know 
just where they stand, relative to the principles of the 
church, and their decision is bringing splendid results. 
The country over, our people are going to stand by the 
institutions that stand by the church and her prin- 

The Brethren are doing some good mission work in 
the vicinity of Fruitdale and Citronelle, Ala., and it 
now looks as though the foundation for a few con- 
gregations may be laid. Those in charge would like 
about fifty copies of the Messenger sent into that 
number of families, with a view of teaching the people 
the way of the Lord more perfectly. Experience has 
taught them that the Messenger is the best mission- 
ary they can put in the field. It goes into a family, 
stays by the family, and works every day in the week, 
month in and month out. It does all the talking, and 
what it says will be remembered, and do good. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 


Sister Florence Neff, of Lordsburg, Cal., writes 
that since the death of her husband, Bro. Jas. M. Neff, 
she has received more letters of sympathy than it is 
possible for her to answer. She greatly appreciates 
all of them, and trusts that those who were so thought- 
ful as to remember her in the hour of bereavement, 
will not regard it as an act of indifference on her 
part, should she fail to respond to each communica- 
tion that has come to her home. 

The Mission BoSrd of Northern Missouri is doing 
a. -sensible thing. Realizing that a number of the con- 
gregations in the District are running down, because 
of neglect, it has decided to place an evangelist in 
the field, with the understanding that he devote all 
of his energies to the building up of these run-down 
■churches. While not overlooking the importance of 
city work, the Board realizes that something must be 
done for the country churches, for, unless they can be 
kept up, our efforts in the cities, as well as in the 
foreign fields, must ultimately prove a failure. We 
feel like commending the Board for its good sense. 
It is doing what ought to be done in some other Dis- 
tricts. - 

Some Late Theories. 

A writer in one of our exchanges says : " We pro- 
test against the authority of any church, council or 
body of men. We deny that any council, under 
whatsoever name, be it a convention, conference or 
what not, has any authority over the local congrega- 
tion, or has a right to sit in judgment over the affairs 
of the individual Christian. The church is local in 
its government. No congregation has any authority 
over another local congregation." 

We wonder if this writer is willing to stand by the 
conclusion to which his own teachings would lead. 
fn Matt. IS we are told that if the offending brother, 
in a case of trespassing, can not be gained by the 
first and second steps, the case should be referred to 
the church for adjustment. Now, if the church has no 
right to sit in judgment regarding the affairs of an 
individual Christian, then why should the Master say, 
" Tell it unto the church " ? It looks very much as 
though somebody would have us believe that he is 
wise above that which is written. 

But here is another lesson. Writing " unto the 
church of the Thessalonians," Paul says : " Now we 
commend you, brethren, in the name of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every 
brother that walketh disorderly" (2 Thess. 3: 6). 
If a church has no right to sit in judgment on the 
conduct of an individual member, how could the 
church at Thessalonica carry out Paul's instructions? 
There are some people who seem to know more about 
church government than the inspired apostles. 

But let us test the new rule. A member of the 
church gets drunk, not one time only, but repeatedly. 
He can not be reformed, but, according to the new 
theory, the church of which he is a member dare not 
sit in judgment on his case. We mention another 
case. A member commits adultery, or steals, or is 
guilty of some other gross crime. Can the church 
sit in judgment on conduct of this character? Not 
according to the new theory. With a policy of this 
sort, how much better off would the church be than 
the world? Practically none. 

But another lesson. The writer referred to be- 
longs to a church where immersion is the only form of 
baptism recognized. Suppose a congregation should 
decide to admit people, as associate members, who 
had received sprinkling and pouring as baptism. That 
is just what was done by a congregation in Chicago. 
Can the adjoining congregations, convened in council, 
sit in judgment on the innovations of the disloyal 
church? If not, then, how can the body, as a church, 
continue her plea in favor of immersion as the only 
New Testament form of baptism? 

The fact of the matter is, the man's theory breaks 
down. It will not hold together long enough to be- 
come operative, and were it put into operation would 
bring about results that would lead to its own defeat. 
Think of a church that would not dare to withdraw 
fellowship from members guilty of gross crime! 
Think of a religious body that could not sit in judg- 
ment on the conduct of a congregation that turns its 

back on the settled principles of the body. The 
world has better methods of maintaining order than 
this. , , 

The Passing of Bro. B. F. Heckman. 

Twenty-two hours after placing the last issue of 
the Messenger on the press, a cablegram from Bro. 
George W. Hilton, of China, brought sad news to our 
office. The brief message stated that Jan. 14 Bro. B. 
F. Heckman died from small- 
pox, and that his wife and 
daughter Esther, though sick, 
were recovering slowly but 
steadily. This means that we 
have lost another fine mission- 
ary, — a noble Christian man, — 
and a minister of marked abili- 
ty. It will be weeks before the 
particulars concerning his sick- 
ness and death can reach this 
country, and until then we must 
be content with the few bare facts given in the brief 
cablegram. In the meantime there will be great sor- 
row and much anxiety among our people, all over the 
country. Bro. Heckman was a devout Christian, 
much beloved and widely known, especially in the 
West, and the news of his early departure will bring 
pain to hundreds of hearts. 

We are told that Bro. Benjamin Franklin Heck- 
man was bom, and grew to manhood, on a farm in 
Piatt County, 111. He was the son of David and 
Elizabeth Heckman, and descended from generations 
of Brethren ancestry, noted as life-long members of 
the church. His birth occurred in 1882, and all of 
his early life was spent in the very atmosphere of 
the religion that he embraced. He united with the 
church at the age of sixteen. 

Bro. Heckman, besides possessing excellent native 
ability, was favored with a good education. After 
completing the prescribed course in the country 
school, he -spent five years in Mount Morris College, 
had charge of the Cerro Gordo, 111., high school two 
years, then entered Bethany Bible School, in Chicago, 
where he finished the regular four-years' course, and 
taught Hebrew and Old Testament Exegesis one year. 
He also spent six months in the University of Chi- 
cago, doing graduate work. 

While residing at Cerro Gordo, he was called to 
the ministry in 1905, and early gave promise as a 
preacher of unusual ability. His preaching soon at- 
tracted attention, and there was much demand for his 
service. He made himself especially useful in Bible 
Institute work, and also had charge of the Bethany 
Rescue Department in Chicago. The same year that 
he was inducted into the ministry, he was united in 
marriage to Sister Minna Mote, who entered fully 
into the spirit of his earnest labors. 

Mission work early appealed to him, and while in 
the midst of active duties, with a most promising 
field before him in this country, he and Sister Heck- 
man offered themselves as missionaries, and were sent 
with several others to China in the fall rjf 1911. 
Shortly before their departure, Bro. I. B. Trout and 
your Office Editor met with the members in Chicago 
and, in the presence of a large assembly. Bro. Heck- 
man, along with Bro. J. Homer Bright and Paul 
Mohler, was ordained to the eldership. He went 
away from this country fully equipped for his work, 
and we were expecting much of him. In fact, it had 
been planned to start a Bible School in China, to 
train native Christians for the mission field, and Bro. 
Heckman was to have taken charge of that important 

As is well known to our readers, the Revolution 
in China kept our missionaries out of the field for 
months, and it was only lately that they found it 
safe to go into the interior and enter fully upon their 
labdrs. They seem hardly to have been settled in 
their chosen fields when one of their number was 
called to his reward. We would certainly like to 
favor our readers with the particulars relating to the 
sickness and death of our departed brother, as well 
as the situation at his mission station, but this we 
can not do until a letter reaches this office. 

Just before going away from the land of his birth, 
Bro. Heckman wrote these touching words, which we 

copy from the Missionary Visitor, Page 315, Volume 
of 1911. 

" It is with joy that I leave the homeland for the Lord's 
work in China. It is not joy to part with loved ones but 
there is joy in doing the Master's service, wherever it is. 
I do not go because there is nothing in America that 1 
can do, for the Master's service in the homeland has 
brought many joys to me. And even as I write this. I am 
having the great pleasure of seeing souls born into the 
kingdom of God. But the Lord calls and t must go. My 
parting word is, 'Keep yourselves in the love of God.*" 

Living Life Over. 

The subject of living life over again is quite fre- 
quently brought to our mind by different writers and 
lecturers. Just how much better the world is being 
made by the thoughts thus given, we are not pre- 
pared to say. Indeed, we are not prepared to say 
that a study of this kind is practical, because all must 
know that the life which we have lived is forever in 
the past, and that it is not within human possibility 
to call it back, to live it over again, even if we would 
desire to do so, with thc*hopc and purpose of making 
a greater success of it. 

Did we ever stop lo think what it would mean, if 
such a thing as living our life over again were pos- 
sible? It would mean the whole experience of life 
to be repeated, surrounded by the same environments, 
influenced by the same conditions, and actuated by 
the same motives and purposes. Indeed, as we look 
at the subject in the true light, we do not see where 
or how we could hope for much change. Every day 
we live is a day of our life as a whole, as our desires, 
impulses, purposes, surroundings and environments 
make it, so that each day, as lived, is passed, — and 
passed forever, — as far as the living of it is concerned. 
By careful thought, reflection and repentance, we, 
through Christ Jesus, may have the results changed, — 
not remembered against us,— but the life of each day 
remains just as it was lived. 

So it is not the backward look that can do us the 
real good we are desiring and praying for, but that 
which is still before us. We frequently hear men 
say: " If I had my life to live over again T would live 
quite different from what I have done in the past." 
Such resolutions may be sincere and helpful, but they 
do not count in making the past any better. The 
question is: "What shall the life in the future be?" 

Much, — very much, — depends upon what the life, 
yet to be lived, shall be, and it is this part of our life 
that should concern us. It is today, and each day 
as it comes, that determines our life as a whole. We 
are glad that, independent of the past, the Spirit 
says: "Today, if ye will hear his voice, harden not 
your hearts," and with a loving and pardoning Savior 
it is always today. Our salvation is not measured 
by the work we have done in the past, because, no 
matter how good we be, our good works are not 
sufficiently meritorious to earn salvation. They only 
place us in such a relation to God and his Son that 
grace may reach us. Hence it is said : " By grace arc 
ye saved through faith: and that not of yourselves: 
it is the gift of Cod." Of course, good works are not 
to be despised. The more of them we do, the better, 
but we are not lo boast of them, nor to look upon 
them as being of sufficient merit to purchase our 
salvation independent of divine grace, as exemplified 
in the Christ sacrifice, which is a bond of love that 
can not be interpreted by a merely human effort. 

No doubt, had it been possible for the Apostle 
Paul to have lived his life over again, he would have 
lived it differently: but, as he learned to know the 
Christ, he saw such glorious things in the future that 
he was made to cast the past in the background, in 
order that he might the more fully utilize the pos- 
sible, — the present and the future. Hence we hear 
him say: "But this one thing T do, forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching forth unto 
those things which are before, T press toward the 
mark of the prize of the high calling of Cod in 
Christ Jesus." He was not mourning and fretting 
about the things which he had already done. — bad as 
thev were. He was not saying how much better, if 
he had life to live over again, he would do. Nor was 
he afraid he would be lost, because of the short time 
he might yet have to live. No, not that, but he had 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 

now started life anew and was determined that hence- 
forth, — every day and every hour, — with all the 
energy and power of his body and spirit, his life 
should be devoted to the service into which he had 
entered. He had given himself to the newly-found 
Christ and had been accepted of him. AM that he 
now had to do was to go forward. He did not go 
around entertaining the people by telling them what 
he would do, had he his life to live over again; but 
he did go about, everywhere preaching Christ and 
him crucified,— telling men and women everywhere 
what to do to be saved. So it should be with us. 
As we enter the new life, let us commence living and 

The subject of living our lives over again should 
not be our theme. We have only one life to live; 
only one course to run. Let that be, as much as 
possible, the Christ-life. We are glad to believe that 
when we once enter this new life, whether it be early 
or later, the Master will give us great opportunities 
to live it very acceptably, if we only use all the op- 
portunities afforded us. With God it is not so much 
a matter of time as love and zeah We have those in 
the church that have filled their span of life with 
long years of service, and yet how comparatively little 
has been done ! Others can speak of only a few 
years, but they have been years crowded with de- 
votion, love, and service. A life, fully consecrated to 
the Lord, whether it be of years many or years few, 
is a life of great pleasure to the Lord. 

We once heard an aged man who, only in his last 
days, gave his life to Jesus, say : " It hardly seems 
worth while, but I have determined that, as little as 
I have left, it shall all be given to my blessed Savior." 
Such should be the purpose of us all. Whatever 
time may yet be allotted unto us, since we have been 
" born again," Whether it be long or short, let us 
give it all to the Lord. The all is what counts in the 
service of the Master. This means today, tomorrow 
and ever}' day til! Jesus comes; ever remembering 
that one day with the Lord is as a thousand years, 
and a thousand years are as one day. The goal is at 
the end of the race, and there it is that we may expect 
the crown. __ ^^^__ i-i. u. b. 

Your Signature. 

Hundreds of people are careless about signing in- 
struments of writing of which they know little, 
aside from what is told them. One should never 
affix his signature to a document that he, does not 
fully understand, for he has a right to know, under 
all circumstances, just what he signs. Not only so, 
but a little care along this line may sa~ve him from 
some bitter experiences. Many a person has be- 
come greatly embarrassed simply because he affixed 
his signature to a document that he never would 
have signed, had he fully understood the purport 
of the paper. One's signature is his own personal 
property, and he has a perfect right to say where 
it shall be placed. It is an easy matter for a man 
to enter his name in the blank left for this purpose, 
go on about his business and think no more about 
it. But signatures live, and some day they may 
figure in a way that will be found quite disagree- 

Every now and then a stranger calls at a home, 
gives a pleasing description of the article for which 
he is taking orders, saying that. the party signing 
the order need not be at any expense until the goods 
ordered are received, and prove to be satisfactory. 
It all looks like a square deal, but some day the par- 
ty may be notified to appear at the bank and redeem 
the note that was unintentionally given, in'the sign- 
ing of the supposedly innocent order. It is then that 
the trouble begins. The wise thing to do is to refuse 
to sign all such orders. If the article offered is what 
is desired, it can be paid for on delivery, without 
signing a misleading paper. There are scores of 
ways in which one may use his signature to his in- 
jury, but the one example, given ought to answer 
for the others. 

Then there are instances when people should give 
their names and addresses, but fail to do so. In 
the course of a year we receive scores of letters with 
the name or address of the writer omitted. Recently 

a sister, living more than 500 miles away, wrote us 
for the address of a dear friend, who had written 
her a good letter, but failed to give her present 
postoffice. There are some people who are amaz- 
. ingly careless about giving their addresses, thinking 
that the parties to whom they write should know 
where to reach them with a letter without being 
told. It is always safe for every person, when writ- 
ing, to give his name, as well as his address, in 
every communication he sends out. 

But there is another piece of carelessness to 
which we call attention. There are hundreds of men 
and women who write a legible hand, and one can 
easily make out every word in any communication 
they write. But at the close they will affix a signa- 
ture, representing their name, that is a puzzle to 
decipher. Sometimes one has to spend more time 
deciphering the name, and especially the initials, 
than it takes to read the whole letter. Why can not 
people of intelligence learn to write their names so 
they can be readily known? If we did not have in 
this office a few experts, who can decipher most 
anything that passes for writing, some letters would 
have to go unanswered for no other reason than 
that the names of the writers are too illegible to be 
made out with any degree of certainty. This care- 
lessness is not confined to our people. It is found 
among men in nearly every walk of life, and the 
educated are as much to blame as the uneducated. 

Salvation Conditional. 

The little booklet, entitled " Free Salvation," by 
Bro. James M. Nelt, recently deceased, deserves a 
wide reading in the Brotherhood. Its purpose is to 
counteract the salvation-by-faith-alone doctrine, that 
is becoming so popular, and is now and then heard 
in some of our own pulpits. Bro. Neff shows clearly 
that while salvation is free, still it is conditional, and 
that there is no such a thing as unconditional salva- 
tion. True, salvation is offered free, but it is free to 
those only who comply with the conditions set forth 
in the New Testament. It is shown that these con- 
ditions are faith and obedience. One who professes 
to believe, and refuses to obey, may claim salvation, 
but the New Testament, rightly interpreted, does not 
support any such claims. Our people have always 
held that faith, repentance and baptism are the con- 
ditions of pardon, as set forth in the Gospel, and they 
repudiate the claim that one is justified by faith alone. 
The doctrine of justification by faith, without obeying 
the commands, intended for those seeking salvation, 
is not only unscriptural, but it is decidedly misleading. 
As before stated, it is not the doctrine held by the 
Church of the Brethren. This point is brought out 
very forcibly by Bro. D. L. Miller in his little tract, 
entitled " Church of the Brethren." Speaking of the 
faith and practice of the church, he says : 

"The Church of the Brethren holds the Bible to be 
the inspired and infallible Word of God, and accepts the 
New Testament as her rule of faith and practice. In the 
subtleties of speculative theology the church takes but 
little interest. She is chiefly concerned in giving willing 
and cheerful obedience to the plain, simple command- 
ments of Christ Jesus. Her faith is, in every respect, 
evangelical. She believes in the Trinity, in the Divinity 
of Christ and of the Holy Spirit, and in future rewards 
and punishments. Faith, repentance and baptism are held 
to be conditions of salvation. These three constitute true 
evangelical conversion, and upon them rests the promise 
of the forgiveness of sins and the . gift of the Holy 

The time is here for some very vigorous teaching 
along this line, and the Messenger would be pleased 
to receive a few strong, well-prepared articles in sup- 
port of the teachings of the Brethren on the subject. 
In the meantime send to Sister Neff, Lordsburg, Cal., 
for copies of " Free Salvation," price, five cents, or 
fifty cents a dozen. If Bro. Neff had never done any- 
thing else than written this tract, he certainly would 
not have lived in vain. 

published by another denomination. Recently the 
wife united with that denomination, and now the 
husband, a brother, wonders what led her to leave 
the Brethren church. Anyof our readers could tell 
this husband why his wife was induced to leave her 
church. The paper, of course, led her to make the 
change. This shows the marvelous influence of a 
church paper. And while this husband saw his wife 
lost to the church, there are hundreds of fathers and 
mothers who are neglecting their children in the same 
way. They will spend five or ten dollars a year f,or 
secular papers, and then try to make it appear that 
they can not afford to take the Messenger, and some 
other publications of the church. Later on, wheri'they 
see their children uniting with other churches, they 
will begin to wonder what is the matter. If they 
would keep their -children in touch with the church, 
now is the time for them to do their thinking. Let 
our own publications be kept on the center table, 
where every member of the family can have access to 
them, and they will exert an influence over their 
lives. ^^^^^_— ^^_ 

Where Preachers are Plentiful. 

The following table, arranged by Bro. Edgar M. 
Hoffer, of Elizabethtown, Pa., shows that 785 of our 
ministers, or more than one-fourth of the full number, 
may be found in twenty counties : 

■ County and State Ministers County and State Ministers 

Lancaster, Pa., 65 Floyd, Va., 34 

Los Angeles, Cal., 64 Blair, Pa 33 

Rockingham, Va., 64 McPherson, Kans., 31 

Elkhart, Ind 59 Franklin, Va., ' 30 

Montgomery, Ohio, 44 Carroll, Md., 29 

Wabash, Ind 41 Franklin, Pa. 29 

Somerset. Pa., 41 Augusta, Va., 29 

Cook, 111., _ 37 Huntingdon, Pa., 28 

Ogle, III 37 Miami, Ohio, 27 

Bedford, Pa 37 Darke, Ohio, 26 

It will be observed that Lancaster County, Pa., is 
the banner county for preachers, while Los Angeles 
County, Cal., stands second. Next comes Rocking- 
ham County, Va. Cook Co., 111., of course, means 
Chicago. Of hundreds of locations in the Brother- 
hood it can be truthfully affirmed that " the laborers 
are few," but this can not be said of the twenty 
counties named. In the interest of a better method of 
distributing our ministerial force, this table speaks 
volumes. ^_^^^^^^^_ 

Some Corrections. 

Bro. James A. Sell, of Hollidaysburg, Pa.., who 
favored us with the interesting sketch of Bro. Grabill 
Myers, which appears in the Brethren Almanac for 
1913, wishes to have the following published, as com- 
ing from him : 

"It is. stated that the division of the States into Dis- 
tricts originated with him. This is a mistake. He simply 
became a strong advocate of the measure after it was 
proposed. It was also stated that he acted but once as 
Moderator of a District Meeting, whereas the records 
show that he served at least seven times. And as there 
were no Minutes kept, or printed, of several of the first 
meetings, he, in all probability; moderated those. As to 
him not serving on the Standing Committee, it should 
be noted that the zenith of his days was passed before 
that system of committee work was adopted. 

His nonattendance at the Annual Meetings was oc- 
casioned by his limited pecuniary circumstances, and not 
by any lack of interest in general church work. I am 
informed that, in his more active years, he did take part 
in the discussions at Annual Meeting. I am sorry that 
these corrections are necessary, as they will not be read 
by all who read the Almanac. But it will afford the his- 
orian an opportunity to make the record of this man of 
God more accurate." 

What a Denominational Paper Did. 

One of our ministers, who does a good deal of 
traveling, says that he came across a family that did 
not take the Messenger, but they read a paper 

Not Sowing Discord. 

Whatever may be the defects of the Messenger, 
it must be evident to all of our people that it does not 
" sow discord among brethren." While contending 
for loyalty to the Gospel, as well as loyalty to the 
church, we have encouraged all those of like precious 
faith to love one another, have confidence in each 
other and strive for the unity that should make them 
all one in Christ Jesus. It is by keeping peace in the 
household of faith that we can develop the noble 
qualities that should characterize the people of God. 
In union there is strength, but there can be no union 
in the absence of love and confidence. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1913. 




». T,. SHUer, Chairman, Mt, Morris, HI. 

H, O. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird, Va. 

Oalen B. Boyer, Sec. and Treas., Elgin, III. 

Chas. D. Bonsack, Union Bridge, Md. 

J. J. Toder, McPherson, Kansas. 

Otho Winder, North Manchester, Ind. 

General Mission Board, Biffin, HI, 


Our District Sunday-school Meeting was held in the 
Peace Valley church, Peace Valley, Mo., Dec. 29. At 10 
A. M. the regular session of the Sunday-school was held, 
after which a program was rendered by the Sunday-school 
scholars, which was enjoyed by all. The following or- 
ganization was then effected: Ero. A. W. Adkins, Mod- 
erator; Sister Stella Will, Reading Clerk; Bro. E. J. Cline, 
Writing Clerk. 

Bro. P. L. Fike gave the address of welcome. _Nine 
schools of the District were represented. As a number 
of the speakers who were assigned topics were not pres- 
ent, others were secured to take their places, and the six 
topics were discussed in a helpful manner to all. It was 
brought out that a love for God, a yearning for the salva- 
tion of souls and a knowledge of the Bible were often 
better qualifications for the Sunday-school teacher than 
an advanced education. 

The attendance and interest were splendid, considering 
the iuclemency of the weather and sickness in the vicinity. 
The love feast was held on the evening previous to the 
convention. The members of Peace Valley will be re- 
^membered by those visiting, as a very earnest band of 

■The next convention will be held at Carthage, Mo., the 
date to be announced later. Ernest J. Cline. 

R. D. 1, Mountain Grove, Mo., Jan. 4. 


I have just returned home from holding a three weeks' 
series of meetings for the Brethren at Patterson, Cal. I 
preached twenty-seven sermons, held three prayer meet- 
ings, and gave the children one-half hour each evening, 
before preaching, in a Bible reading. I also officiated at 
one love feast. Eight were added to the church by con- 
fession and baptism, ranging in ages from ten to twenty- 
one years. 

One young man, who had not known anything about 
the Brethren until a short time prior to the meetings, 
made quite a sacrifice, if we may call it such. He be- 
longed to three lodges and was quite popular in society. 
He also used tobacco quite freely and was given to wear- 
ing jewelry. He gave up all these things freely for 
Christ's sake. He took his lodge papers to the clerk and 
told him he wished to have his name taken off the lodge 
records. In his zeal for the good cause, he commenced 
doing some good work immediately for Christ and the 
church. These are things commendable to any one. It 
even puts some of our members to shame, who have been 
born and raised in Brethren homes. 

There are bright prospects for our Brethren at this 
place. Brethren seeking a mild climate and good homes, 
should write to Eld. W. F. Haynes or Bro. B. W. Hays, 
enclosing stamp, for any information they may desire. 
This is a land that our Brethren should possess. We go. 
to the Reedley church Jan. 4, to begin a series of meet- 
ings. Any church desiring our help in meetings should 
address us at once, so that we can make the proper ar- 
rangements for same. The work at Denair is> moving 
along slowly, but we hope it will be permanent. Our 
Sunday-school rendered a good program on Christmas 
evening', which was much enjoyed by all present. 

Denair, Cal., Dec. 22. C.-E. Wolf. 



We met in council Dec. 16, with Eld'. J. W. Lear, of 
Decatur, III., presiding. We reorganized our Sunday- 
school, and elected all our church and Sunday-school offi- 
cers. We also took steps to secure a minister to do our 
regular preaching. We decided to hold an election once a 
year for church officers. Arrangements were made with 
Eld. E. B. Bagwell, of Bremen, Ohio, to do our regular 
preaching and pastoral work. Bro. Marion Leckrone was 
chosen clerk; Brethren John Love, Jacob Klingler and 
David Helser, trustees for one, two and three years, re- 
spectively; Bro. Noah Snider, treasurer; Sister Mary Sni- 
der, Messenger agent; the writer, corresponding secre- 
tary; Bro. Floyd Helser, superintendent of the Sunday- 
school; Sister Esta Helser, secretary; Bro. Ray Helser, 
chorister for church and Sunday-school; Bro. Maurice 
Leckrone, president of the Christian Workers' Meeting; 
Bro. Floyd Helser, secretary. Four letters of member- 
ship were received. Bro. Lear preached three excellent 
sermons for us, which were greatly appreciated by all 

Our congregation is at present under the care of the 
Annual Meeting Committee, composed of Elders J. W. 
Lear, A. G. Crosswhite and Frank Fisher. These three 

able brethren met with the Jonathan Creek church Sept. 
4 and, after three days' examination of matters relative 
to the progress- of our church work at this place, pre- 
sented their report, which was accepted by the church. A 
few weeks later Bro. Crosswhite came among us again 
and held a series of meetings, closing with a communion 
service. He labored earnestly while with us, both in and 
out of the pulpit, for the upbuilding of the church, with 
a good deal of success as the meetings progressed, which 
closed with a full house. Charles F. Helser. 

Thornville, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue, Are 
Given Space on This Page. 


Bong- Beach.— We met in council Dec. 20. Our elder, Bro. 
George Chemberlen, presided. Quite an amount of business 
was disposed of. Ero. J. Scott Snively was chosen as our 
elder in charge for 1913. Bro. J. M. Shlvely was elected super- 
intendent of our Sunday-school; Sister Gertrude Shlfflett, 
president of our Christian Workers' Meeting; the writer, 
church correspondent and Messenger agent. Our cluiroh met 
Jan. 3 In special council. Bro. Chas. H. Snell was elected to 
the deacon's office. He, with his wife, will bo installed Jan. 
12. — Mrs. H. PI. Vaniman, 427 Chestnut Avenue, Long Beach, 
Cal., Jan. 6. 

Lordsburg- church met in council last Tuesday evening at 
7 P. M. Our elder. W. P. England, presided. A number of 
letters were read and committee reports were given. Some now 
committees were also appointed, etc. In addition to tthe Sun- 
day-school officers elected at our special council in December, 
the following were elected: Cradle Boll superintendent, Sister 
C. M. Barnlvizer; primary superintendent, Grace H. Miller: 
missionary superintendent, Sister Jennie Brubaker; junior su- 
perintendent. Sister Susie Moomaw: temperance superintend- 
ent, Sister Lottie Neher. Last Sunday evening the newly- 
elected Christian Worker officers were duly installed. They 
face the new year bravely with advanced plans. — Grace H. 
Miller, Lordsburg, Cal., Jan. 8. 

Santee church mot in council Jan. 4. Bro, G. H. Bashor, of 
Los Angeles, was reelected as our elder for the coming year; 
Bro. B. W. Pratt, church treasurer; Bro. Otis Hyatt, treasurer; 
the writer, church correspondent and Messenger agent. Two 
letters were granted. Our Sunday-school officers were also 
elected for six months. Bro. E. W. Pratt was reelected super- 
intendent, and Sister Neva Elliott, secretary. Two members 
have moved 1 here since our last report We decided to have 
our love feast March 22.— Anna R. Hyatt, Santee, Cal., Jan. 9. 


Fruita — Sunday evening. Dec. 22, our District Secretary 
conducted a very Interesting, well-attended Missionary Meet- 
ing at this place. Both old and young took part in the pro- 
gram. All seemed to be encouraged to make greater effort 
along missionary lines. On Christmas night the Sunday- 
school gave a very inspiring program, in which our Christ 
was all in all. The house was well filled* and many expressed 
their appreciation. Jan. 4 we held our council. Our elder, 
Bro. S. Z. Sharp, presided. Church, Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Worker officers were elected. Two letters were granted 
and one was received. — Eunice Horning-, Fruita, Colo., Jan. 7. 
Tartle Mission — Bro. C. S. Hoff, of Oakley, Kans., returned 
to his home Jan. 6, after delivering twenty-one sermons while 
with us. He preached with great power to attentive audiences, 
which, although not large, showed great Interest. Three were 
baptized. Others are searching 'their Bibles and they have 
expressed their desire of taking a stand for God soon. There 
are now eight members here, and we feel greatly encouraged. 
It has been fifteen to twenty years since the first members 
took up their residence here. Some have moved away, and 
three have passed " over the river." We also enjoyed the love 
feast, whioh. was held while Bro. Hoff was with us. On ac- 
count of sickness some were unable to attend, but six mem- 
bers communed. — O. M. Andrews, Idalia, Colo., Jan, 9. 
Clear Water. — Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson, of Tacoma, Wash., 
began a series of meetings at this place Dec. 1. Owing to the 
bad roads, the attendance was less than anticipated. Five were 
baptized. We met in council Dec. 28. Bro, Elmon Sutphln pre- 
sided. Brethren John Lind and Joe Myers were elected Sun- 
day-school superintendents; Bro. Paul Lind, secretary; Sis- 
ter Bertha Efsenbise, president of the Christian Workers' 
Meeting; Sister Zella Garrison, secretary. Bro. L. H. Bby 
was chosen as our elder in charge for one year; Sister Anna 
Myers, clerk; Bro. Joe Myers, trustee for three years; Sister 
Bertha Garrison, Messenger agent; Sister Bertha Walston, 
correspondent. — Bertha Elsenblse, Lenore, Idaho, Jan. 11. 

Nampa Our church met in council Jan. 3 for the election 

of officers for another year Bro. J. H. Grayblll was chosen 
elder; Bro. A. E. Riddlesbarger, clerk; Bro. J. E. Neher, treas- 
urer. Officers for the Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
Meeting were elected 1 for six months. Brethren C. V, Whallon 
and A. E. Riddlesbarger are the superintendents; Sister Grace 
Fike, secretary; Bro. A. N. Goff. president of our Christian 
Workers' Meeting; Sister Riddlesbarger, chorister. The audit- 
ing committee is appointed by the elder. Sister Grayblll and 
Brethren J. C Neher and Samuel Gross are the Missionary 
Committee. The treasurer's report was read and accepted. Two 
letters of membership were received 1 , and one was granted. 
We are disappointed in not holding our series of meetings In 
this month, as anticipated. The brother who was to do the 
preaching could not be with us at thfs time. — Amanda Garner, 
Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 10. 

Batavia church met In council Jan. 6. Our elder, Bro. J. M. 
Moore, presided. Our series of meetings will be conducted 
by Bro, J. M. Moore In July. Solicitors were appolnrted to 
collect money for the purchase of "Kingdom Songs," which 
will then be used in connection with the Hymnal. The nresent 
pastor, Bro. E. E. Eshelman, upon request, agreed to remain 
another year. One church letter was granted. The Sisters' 
Aid Society reported good work for the past year. The Sun- 
day-school enrollment Is about seventy at present. Our Chris- 
tian Worker meetings are Interesting and helpful. A val- 
uable missionary program Is prepared and rendered the first 
Sunday of each month. Our minister has planned a series o-f 
sermons on Rom. 1 to 8; also one on the "Meaning, Value, 
Method and Hindrances of Prayer." — .Mrs. E. E. Eshelman, 137 
Church Street, Batavia, 111., Jan. 11. 

Chicago. — Last evening we were made glad to receive Into 
church fellowship four more of our Chinese pupils. At the 
close of Sunday-school a communion service was enjoyed by 
thirteen of our Chinese members and the teachers and offi- 
cers of our Chinese Mission. At this meeting the Scriptures 
were read, and explanations given. In the Chinese language 
by our three brethren who have been taking work In Bethany 
for the past two years. We would that more of you could 
have had the privilege of being present with us. It has been 
a great help to some of us to hear our Chinese brethren en- 
gage in earnest prayer, one Immediately following the other, 
at the close of the examination services. We still desire your 
prayers to the end that all who have accepted Christ may be 
faithful, and that they may be the means of leading others 

Chi ca^?ia?Jan ni 'l7 Martlia E ' SW< *' 1325 Hastln S a strc <". 

Fl?*S"« c « n *«— Our church met in council Dec. 30. with 
Eld, C. B, Rowe presiding. One letter of membership was re- 
?2S J£l " 1C , f0 ! l0wln S year Bro. Goo. Holstngor was 
«*»etary We expect Km Paul Mohler. of Chicago, to a m . 
duet a B^ble Term for us. beginning Jan. 2G.— Monde A, Myers. 
Dallas Center. Iowa, Jan. 7. 

M^S"^5?i a rE reVl0Ua lssuc l,f HlB Messenger 1 have spoken 
i I .]* S erm and Bible Land talks at thls Place. We 

nave dec ded to begin these meetings Jan. 19. at the time of 
our regular services, continuing on Monday evening. Jan, 20. 
and each evening following. Bro. Ellis Coslow will devote 
one hours time to giving Instruction in the Biblo Course 
followed by Bro. S. M. Goughnour. of Dcs Moines, with Bible 
Land talks.— Allle Looklngbill. Yale, Iowa Jan. 9. 


Celina— Our series of meetings closed last Wednesday even- 
ing. Bro. S. E. Porter., of Bradford, Ohio, preached seventeen 
good sermons. Two of our Sunday-school scholars were bap- 
tized. The members have been greatly strengthened. Bro. 
Ttade, from the Upper Stillwater church, conducted the sing- 
ing for us, which was much appreciated. Inclement weather 
nterfored somewhat with our attendance. Our Sunday-sohool 
is doing nicely.— Ida B. Coate, Celtna, Ohio. Jan. 11 

Eversole.— On Christmas Day we met to celebrate the birth 
of our blessed Master, which means so much to us all Bro 
Franklin Brubaker and wife, of West Alexandria, Ohio woi-o 
with us. Bro. Brubaker gave us a very interesting, illustrated 
sermon. In his earnest and impressive manner -he called our 
attention to a large drawing he had made, illustrating various 
events that occurred from the beginning of creation until the 
birth of Christ. An offering was also taken to place the 
Gospel Messenger In tho homes of those who were nut v ,| 
receiving It.— Clara Erbaugh, R. D. 2. New Lebanon, Ohio. 
Jan. 11, 

Turkey Creek.— Last evening I began meetings in the Tur- 
key Creek church, a few miles east Of Nappanoc, Ind., tllQ 
home or Eld. Henry Wysorog. The attendance and Intorost nvo 
good. From hero I go to Gaston, Ind.— Reuben S. Suroyor 
New Berlin, Ohio, Jan. II. 


Ellzabothtown — Our series of meetings began Doo, 22. and 
continued until Tuesday evening, Jan. 7. Urn. ltufus BilOllQr, 
of Mechanic Grove, preached for us. Five souls stood for 
Christ. The church has been greatly SbrongltllOnod hv these 
meetings.— C. M. Ncff. Elizabeth town, Pa., Jan. 

lloking Creek— .Bro. G. S. Batzcl, of Tatosvlllo, came to us 
Nov. 17 and preached- fourteen .sermons. Seven wero received 
by baptism; others were near the kingdom. Tho church was 
much encouraged.— .Maggio Mollott, Pleasant nidge. Tn., Jan, 

Beading.— On Monday evening, Jan. fl, wo hold our quarterly 
council. Sometime during the early part of February, Bro. 
D. C. Flory, of Staunton, Va, will commence a series of meet- 
ings, to which we are looking forward with pleasure. Wo re- 
ceived two members by letter, Wo granted letters to four. 
The election for Sunday-school officers resulted in choosing 
Bro. Edward Hoffman as superintendent. — Henry H. Moyor, 
039 Church Street, Reading. Pa., Jan. 11. 

Snake Spring. — Our congregation met In council Jan, I, 
Elders Levi Holsinger and Levi Stuckoy, from the New DSn- 
terprlse church, presided. Tho church auditors gave their 
report, which was accepted, Thoro [b a nice surplus In the 
treasury. Brethren Adam A. Snyder and Henry Koons were 
elected to the ministry. Tile day following the council we 
reorganized our Sunday-school, with Bro. Albert S, nilchey, 
.superintendent, and Sister Elsie Snyder, secretary. The writer 
was appointed church correspondent for one year. — Joseph F. 
Snyder, R, D. 1, Box 119, Everett, Pa, Jan. 8. 


Antioch.— Eld. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke, Vn., began a revival 
at our church on Saturday. Dec. 21, and preached eighteen 
sermons with power and boldness. Tho Interest was excellent, 
and wo feel that much good was done, Fifteen wore burled 
with Christ In baptism, and one was restored on New Pear's 
Day. Bro. J. A, Naff began a ten days' series Cf mooting*) 
Dec. 8 at Rocky Knoll, one of our preaching points. Two wore 
baptized and one was restored.— Orph a L. Flora, Rocky Mount, 
Va, Jan. .6. 

Valley Bethel. — We met in services on Christmas Day. Uro. 
A. H. Miller gave us a very Interesting talk. Wo met In 
council Dee. 28. Brethren C. H. Glbbs and N. W. Bussard 
were continued as Sunday-school superintendents, Bro. ft, E. 
Bussard was chosen president of our Christian Workers' 
Meeting. We expect to meet again In council March 1. Wo 
have an Interesting Sunday-school, with a good attendance. 
— Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Vo., Jan, 1. 

White Bock church met In council Jan. 4, with Eld, Wyatt 
Reed in charge. Officers were elected for Hie coming year. 
Bro. Wyatt Reed Is the elder In charge. We expect Bro. J. S. 
Showalter, of Roanoke, Va., to conduct a series of meetings 
for us the first week In August. — Hassle 10. Hurt, Copper Val- 
ley, Va, Jan. 11. 


Mount Hope church met In council Dec. 27. Bro. J. O. 
Streeter presided. The same ohurch niilcerM were reappointed 
for another year. Our Sunday-school was reorganized, with 
Sister Nell Richard as superintendent, and Sister Hazel 
Streeter secretary. Our Bible Inslltute, which was conducted 
by Bro. I. C. Snavely with a sermon after each losson, closed 
Dec. 21. Four put on Christ In baptism. We had a short 
Ohristmas program at the Sunday-school In town Deo. 28. Wo 
are preparing for a Temperance Meeting Jan. IS in town, and 
one Jan. 19 in the mountains. Our now churchhouso is nearlng 
completion, causing much rejoicing. — Pearl Hlxson, Chewelali, 
Wash., Jan. 11. 

Wenatchoe church met In council Dec. 28, with our eldor. 
Bio. L. E. Ulrlch, presiding, Seven letters of membership 
were received, and two were granted. Officers for 1913 were 
elected as follows: Bro. L E. Ulrlch, elder; Bro. I,. C. Wise, 
clerk; Bro. Jas. Peters, treasurer; Bro. D. B. Steele, Messenger 
correspondent; Bro. S. M. Neher, Messenger agent; Bro. Chas. 
Deardorff, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Dollle Dear- 
dorff, secretary- treasurer; Bro. R. A. Wise, president of our 
Christian Workers' Meeting. At this meeting It was decided 
to raise funds for church expenses by assessment, Instead of 
by free-will offerings. Bro. C. F, Ruple, formerly of the Pino 
Creek church, Ind., was ordained to the eldership. We expect 
to have Bro. J. S. Secrlst, of Olympla, Wash., with us In a se- 
ries of meetings. Since our last report one has been added 
to our number by baptism. Bro. D. M. Click, of Bethany 
Bible School. Chicago, stopped here on his trip through the 
West, and preached a very acceptable sermon. On Thanksgiv- 
ing Day quite a large crowd gathered at the church for public 
worship. At the close of the services a collection of 114.64 
was taken. We also had services on Christmas Day, conducted 
by Bro, C. R Ruplc. — Alloc M. Peters, R. D. 2, Wenatchoe, 
Wash.. Dec. 30. 

Wenatohee. — Tho members of the city church reorganized 
their Sunday-school after the session Dec. 29, by reelecting Bro. 
L. C. Wise as superintendent, with Chas. D. Rupel as secre- 
tary-treasurer. Sister Effie Miller was chosen chorister; the 
writer, church correspondent. We also organized a Christian 
Workers' Meeting, with Brn. Galen Lea Veil president. The 
members decided to meet once a week for song service. — (Mrs.) 
Alzina Rupel, Wenatchec, Wash., Dec. 9. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 

Covina church met In council Jan. 10, with our elder, Bro. 

G F Chemberlen. presiding. Most of the officers were re- 
elected for another year. The Sunday-school officers were re- 
elected at the Sunday-school Meeting, held a month previous. 
Bro Prank Hepner ahly directed the work of the Sunday- 
school during the past year. Our elder lias been feeding us 
on spiritual food, which, we trust, will bear a bountiful har- 
vest in davs to come. In two weeks we expect to hold an 
election for two deacons.— Eulalia Overholtzer, Covlna, Cal., 
Jan. 11. 

Elk Creek.— This place is in the bounds of the Sacramento 
Valley congregation, thirty-five miles from here. The writer 
has been holding regular services every two weeks for nearly 
a year, and found a good interest manifested. In answer to 
our prayers for a minister, to give us a few meetings, our 
dear, aged brother. Andrew Hutchison, of McPherson. Kans., 
was with us for two weeks. He began services Dec. 29 and 
clo=ed Jan 7. The services were well attended. Since no 
other members reside here, we gather free-will offerings by 
means of a box at the door of the church. A very liberal 
offering was received to the amount of $20. Our brother left 
here Dec. 9 to prepare for a series of meetings at Live Oak. 
—I. L. Feightner, Elk Creek, Cal. 

Pomona. — Dec. 29 Bro. W. S. Long, of Altoona, Pa., began 
a series of meetings which closed Jan. 12. Many good 
thoughts were presented. Our love feast, held Jan. 12. was 
an enjovable meeting. This week Bro. Long will give us 
three lessons on " Prophecy."— Clara B. Wolf, 310 Kingsley 
Avenue, Pomona, Cal., Jan. 15. 


Sharon church met in council Jan. i. Eld. Luther Shatto 
presided. One letter was granted. Brethren G. A. Shamberger 
and Luther Shatto were elected elders for the year: Bro. "War- 
ren Shamberger, clerk; the writer, church correspondent; Bro. 
Wm Hollenberg, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. John 
-Rhodes, president of our Christian Workers' Meeting. Our 
Sunday-school treasury has $26.50 on hand, and our church 
treasury $21.35. Of this amount $14.50 is to he used to pur- 
chase new Hymnals. The remainder is to go to World-wide 
Missions. Sunday morning, Jan. 5, we had our regular Sun- 
day-school missionary collection at which $43.80 was given 
for World-wide MJss4ons. — Mary E. Shatto. Brant, Alta., Can- 
ada, Jan. 9. 


Crawford, — Our church met in council Dec. 28. Church and 
Sunday-school officers were chosen. Bro. James Sesser, who 
was recently installed into the deacon's office, was chosen 
church clerk. All the other officers and teachers were re- 
elected. The writer was also reelected superintendent and 
Messenger correspondent. Every effort was made to begin 
the New Tear's duties- in our best spiritual condition. — W. 

B. Ely. Crawford, Colo., Jan. 15. 

Pirst Grand Valley church held their last council Dec. 21, for 
the purpose of selecting officers for another year. After 
some business of minor importance, we elected Bro. J. E. 
Bryant ns elder, and Bro. A. A. Weaver as assistant, Bro. 
Homer Wenger was chosen Sunday-school superintendent, 
and Sister Goldie Norton president of the Christian Workers' 
Meeting. Since our last report five letters have been received, 
and three were granted. — Mrs. C. L. Heiny, Grand Junc- 
tion, Colo., Jan. 16. 

McClave church met In council Jan. 11, with our elder, Bro. 
W. D. Harris, presiding. After reading Romans 12, a few 
explanatory remarks were made. Officers were elected for 
the ensuing year. We now have a full corps of officers for 
church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting. — 
Lewis J. Hulse. McClave. Colo., Jan. 14. 


Omaja.— On the evening of Dec. 22 a very enjoyable Christ- 
mas program was given by the Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers. Dec 29 all the Sunday-school officers except the 
assistant superintendent were reelected, and in the evening 
officers were elected for the Christian Workers. Jan. 1 we 
had a very pleasant outing; the day was delightful, as all our 
days of winter are here, and the people went home feeling 
that the day was well spent. Jan. 5, at the Christian Work- 
ers' meeting, it was decided to take up a collection the last 
Sunday of each month, the money for the present to be used 
in supplying the church with Bibles and song books. Lately 
four more members have come to us from the States — -two 
of them for the winter only. We should be glad to have still 
others come. We need more workers, and we hope the day is 
not far distant when this need will be supplied. The Cuban field 
is both home and foreign. Come. — Grant Mahan, Omaja, Cuba, 
Jan. 7. 


Madden View. — We convened in council at the church in 
Bowmrmt. Eld. J. H. Graybil] presided. Church officers were 
elected for 1913 as follows: Eld. L. E. Keltner, overseer; Bro. 

C. A. Williams, assistant; Bro. J. W. Bllckenstaff, treasurer; 
Bro. C. A. Williams, clerk and Messenger correspondent; Sis- 
ter Mary Bllckenstaff, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. 
C. A. Williams, chorister; Ernest Wine, secretary- treasurer. 
Bro. J. H. Graybil] reported one baptized in the congregation 
during 1912, and four received by letter. — C. A. Williams, 
Bowmont, Idaho, Jan. 11. 

Nezperce. — Our church met in council Dec. 31. One letter 
was read, and two were granted. The following officers were 
elected for one year: Bro. B. J. Fike, elder; Bro. Iven Jor- 
gans, clerk; Bro. Frank Fike, treasurer; the writer, Messen- 
ger agent and correspondent. Sister Lela Greek was elected 
president of our Christian Workers' Meeting, and Sister Ethel 
Lehman, secretary-treasurer; Bro. A. R. Fike, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. George Thomas, secretary; Sister Olive 
Cocks, chorister; Bro. Arthur Beekley, superintendent of our 
prayer meeting. The church decided to donate $27 to the 
Brethren Orphans' -Home Society of Idaho. The Christian 
Worker treasurer reported $100 was collected during the 
year 1912. Our church decided to place the Messenger in 
every family in the Nezperce church. The Sunday-school 
secretary reported $181 collected during 1912. The average 
attendance at Sunday-school was 110. We also decided to 
hold a series of Bible Meetings sometime during the year. 
— Win. H. Lichty, Nezperce, Idaho, Jan. 10. 

Chicag-o fHastings Street). — It was our pleasure on Sun- 
day, Jan. 12, to make the awards for perfect attendance dur- 
ing the past year to twenty-one pupils of our Hastings Street 
Sunday-school. We use the diploma and seal system of 
awards, and would recommend its employment in all pro- 
gressive Sunday-schools. For the first year's perfect attend- 
ance a simple diploma Is given, and for each perfect year 
thereafter a different colored seal is added, up to seven years. 
For the eighth year a larger diploma is given, with space 
for seals up to twenty years' attendance. Of those who 
hold diplomas In our school, one has been perfect fourteen 
years, one for eleven years, three for ten years, one for nine 
years, one for seven years, two for six years, two for five 
years, two for four years, one for three years, four for two 
years, arid two for one year. Of this number sixteen are 
gdrlfl or young ladles, and five are boys or young men. Our 
average attendance for 1912 was 170. We have twenty-two 

classes, and a live body of teachers. — W. C. Frick, Supt., 
1G05 South California Avenue, Chicago, III., Jan. 15. 

Coal Creek (Canton House). — We met in council Jan. 11, with 
Bro. M. L. Hahn presiding. Sunday-school officers were 
elected. Sister Delphi will he the superintendent for the 
present year at the Center house, and Bro. C. O. Johnson will 
be superintendent for the country house. A committee was 
appointed to secure an evangelist for both houses. Bro. 
Hahn went from the council over into Macedonia, which is 
within the. bounds of the Coal Creek church, to conduct a 
few meetings.— Oscar B. Redenbo, R D. 1, Canton, 111., Jan. 

Lena. — Eld. M. W. Emmert. of Mount Morris College, came 
to the Waddams Grove congregation to ' conduct a special 
Bible Term Jan. 8, and 10. He held two sessions each 
forenoon and evening. He held forth the Word with power. 
He proved himself able for the work. Our souls were 
greatly revived. — Ezra Lutz, Lena HI., Jan. 13. 
Buck Creek church met in council Dec. 7. Bro. Lewis L. 
Teeter was reelected as elder for another term. Two letters 
were received. Our primary Sunday-school room is now 
ready for use. We have good' interest In the Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting. The home and cradle roll departments have in- 
creased In membership. We expect Bro. Crosswhlte, of Flora, 
Ind., to conduct our revival in the near future.— Nettie 
Brown, Blountsville, Ind., Jan. 13. 

Palrview church met in council Jan. 11. Our elder, Bro. 
David Dilling, presided. One letter was received and two 
were granted. The church decided to elect her officers for 
a year at a time, except the trustees, who shall serve one 
for one, two and three years, respectively. The following 
officers were elected: Bro. Ellis Wagoner, secretary and chor- 
ister; Bro. William Flemming, treasurer. We have secured 
the promise of Bro. Geo. Swihart, of Roann, to conduct our 
series of meetings for us this fall. Bro. Dilling remained 
with us over Sunday and preached two powerful sermons. — 
Mrs.) Lulu Root, R. D. 21, Buck Creek, Ind, Jan. 13. 
Middletown. — We have had no meetings at MIddletown for 
several weeks, but on the first Sunday of January Bro. Mar- 
tin preached for us. Next Sunday we will have meeting 
again. We have services on the first and third Sunday of 
each month. Bro. Henry L. Fadely was Installed into the 
eldership at our late council. We pray that the time may 
come when we can have some one in town, to help build up 
the Master's work. Bro. EH Coon, wife, and son, have moved 
to town. They will be a great help in our work. — -Florida J. 
E. Green, Box 125, Middletown, Ind., Jan. 17. 

Portage. — Our church met in council today at the South 
house. Bro. Daniel Whitmer presided. Bro. L. P. Kurtz. 
of Goshen, Ind., was also with us. He begins a series of 
meetings at this place tonight. An election for officers was 
held. Bro. Elmer Whitmer was chosen ohurch trustee; Sis- 
ter Nora Whitmer, treasurer; the writer, secretary and Mes- 
senger correspondent. — Mrs. Kate Peterson, R. D. 2, South 
Bend, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Somerset (Vernon House), — Jan. 12 we were favored with 
two interesting discourses by Bro. J. L. Weddle, of Cowley. 
Alberta, Canada. He and bis fa.mily were here visiting some 
relatives in the neighborhood. They expect to return to Can- 
ada In the near future. We appreciated his sermons very 
much. — Oma M. Rife, R. D. 13, Converse, Ind., Jan. 13. 

Union Center. — We began a series of meetings at the Bap- 
tist house Jan. 2, which continued two weeks, conducted by 
our home minister. Bro. John D. Frederick preached thir- 
teen sermons. Bro. Ira C. Eisenhour preached three sermons. 
These discourses were much appreciated by all present. One 
was reclaimed. We also had Christian Workers' Meeting 
each Sunday evening, Jan. 5 and 12. — John G..Bollman, R. D. 
2, Wakarusa, Ind., Jan. 1G. 

Palrview church met in council Jan. 4, with our elder, Bro. 
Orlando Ogden, presiding. One was received by letter. Bro. 
Ross Whistler was elected Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. Zell Deahl, secretary; Bro. Aaron Whistler, church 
treasurer; Sister Rosie Miles, chorister; Sister Maud Kountz, 
church clerk; Bro. Claud Kountz, church chorister; the writer, 
church correspondent.— -Minnie M. Deahl, Udell, Iowa. Jan. 

Grundy County. — -Last evening we closed an Interesting 
three days' Bible Institute. Bro. M. W. Emmert, of Mount 
Morris, HI., was our instructor. Jan. 1 our Sunday-school 
was ' reorganized, with Bro. F. O. Sheller as superintendent. 
We now have fourteen classes and a large cradle roll. The 
past year -was marked by increased 1 interest and attendance 
In Sunday-school, Christian Workers' Meeting and church 
services. Bro. G. A. Moore, who had been trustee ever since 
the church was started in Grundy County, resigned, and Bro. 
D. I. Meyers was chosen for the next three years. The work 
in Grundy Center has not, as yet, been revived, The Minis- 
terial Committee is still trying to locate a minister at that 
place. — Hannah C. Messer, Grundy Center, Iowa, Jan. 1G. 

Indian Creek. — Jan. 4 we met in council, with Eld'. C. B. 
Rowe presiding. We also appreciated the presence of our 
brother, W. E. West. We unitedly chose Eld. C. B. Rowe 
to have charge of this congregation for another year, with 
Eld. W. E. West, of Ankeny, Iowa, as his helper. We reor- 
ganized our Sunday-school for another year. The country 
Sunday-school chose Bro. C. W. Rouser as superintendent, 
with Bro. Dd. Hill assistant. The Maxwell Sunday-school 
chose Bro. W. C. Enfield as superintendent, with Bro. Philip 
Enfield assistant. Our schools are progressing nicely, but 
we hope to do more during the coming year. . We reorganized 
our Christian Workers' Meeting for six months, with Sister 
Addle Lookingbill as president, and Bro. Chas. Waldorf, sec- 
retary. Eld. E. Flscel and family, of Tale, Iowa, have moved 
among us recently, Bro. Fisee-I expects to assist in a series 
of meetings at both our country and Maxwell houses. The 
church reelected Bro. T. F. Pike as church trustee for a 
term of three years. Bro. A. W. Flora was chosen church 
clerk, and the writer. Messenger agent and correspondent.— 
Bertha M. Enfield; R. D. 1, Maxwell, Iowa, Jan. 14. 

Muscatine. — It Is now eleven months since we took up our 
pastoral work in this city, under somewhat unfavorable con- 
ditions. Some changes have taken place., but we look for- 
ward to better conditions and brighter prospects for 1913. 
Our churcbhouse here is in a very poor locality, but we hope 
soon, if financial help can be secured, to -place It in a more 
favorable location. But in spite of the poor location and 
other discouraging conditions, the average attendance at Sun- 
day-school was forty-four during the past eleven months. 
The amount given to Sunday-school was $84.84. During this 
time a cradle roll and home department were organized. At 
the close of the year fifteen babies were entered upon the 
cradle roll, and seventeen pupils enrolled in the home depart- 
ment. These parts of the school are yet in their infancy and 
are bound to grow. A teachers' meeting has also been start- 
ed, which is very profitable to our school. Our Christian 
Workers' Meeting has been quite interesting. Its average 
attendance was twenty-three. The attendance at preaching 
services was twenty-seven. During the eleven months two 
were baptized. Eighty-six sermons were delivered, — seventy- 
seven of these by the writer, six by Bro. W. E. West, and 
one each by Brethren J. H. Brower. T. A. Robinson and John 
Zuck. Our membership now numbers thirty-four. Our next 
council will be held March 1. We are anxiously looking for- 
ward to May 1, when we expect Bro. J. F. Burton to be with 
us in revival work.— F. E. Miller, 406 Lowe Street, Musca- 
tine, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Osceola church met In council Jan. 11, at 2 P. M. Bro. Lee 
Fisher presided. It was not possible for our elder, Bro. 
David Sink, to ho with us. Sunday-school officers were 
elected. Sister Ora Gnagey was chosen superintendent, and 

Sister Elsie Foreman secretary. Sister Ella Fetticard was 
elected church clerk. We are planning to hold! some meet- 
ings sometime in February. Letters were granted to Bro. 
Wyman Folger (a minister) and wife, who have moved to 
Ankeny, Iowa. Bro. Lee Fisher and wife will move to Osce- 
ola, and take up the work there this year. — Ora B. Fisher, 
Osceola, Iowa, Jan. 15. 

South Waterloo. — We met in council in the city church Jan. 
7. Bro. A. P. Blough presided. The day chanced to be a 
stormy one, seriously interfering with the attendance. Church 
officers were elected. Two letters of membership were ac- 
cepted and twelve were granted. The Building Committee for 
the new church has made use of the good roads, this winter, 
by having more of the rough material hauled. Two united 
with the church during the past month. — R. W. Lichty, R. D. 

I, Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 13. 


Conway Springs.— We met in council Jan. 10. Our Mission- 
ary Committee is doing good work. They give us a mission- 
ary program once a month. Our Temperance Committee also 
expects to keep the temperance work flourishing during 1913. 
On Sunday evening we had a consecration meeting for the 
special benefit of the Sunday-school officers and teachers, fol- 
lowed by a sermon on "Consecration," by Eld. A. J. Smith. 
These meetings were real spiritual and will, no doubt, proj'i: 
very helpful to us all. — Wm. E. Thompson, Conway Springs, 
Kans.. Jan. 13. 

lamed City church met Dec. 31 to reorganize our Sunday- 
school for one year. Bro. H. H. Kimmel was reelected su- 
perintendent, with Bro. Galen Jones as treasurer. Bro. J. 
Estel Jones was reelected president of our Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting; Sister Mary Kimmel, secretary-treasurer. We 
met in the first council of our new organization Jan. 7. We 
will hold our love feast on Sunday evening, March 16; ex- 
amination services at<ll A. M.; preaching at 6:30 P. M., fol- 
lowed by the communion services. — Pearl Parker Weimert, 
423 East Sixth Street, Larned, Kans., Jan. 15. 

Newton Mission. — Dec. 22 our Sunday-school rendered a nice 
Christmas program, which consisted of songs, recitations and 
readings. The little folks showed such earnestness as to make 
it real interesting to all present. They were given a treat of 
candy, which all enjoyed very much. The attendance is not 
as large as it was before the cold weather set in. It is diffi- 
cult for our members in the country to attend our meetings 
since the roads are so bad. "We are getting along fairly well 
with our work. Prospects are encouraging. The people in 
the city treat us very kindly. As we visit among the different 
people, we find a cordial welcome in their homes. This makes it 
verv pleasant for us. We are also enjoying the good fruits of 
prohibition, and hope the time will soon come when prohibition ^ 
will cover the earth as the waters cover the sea. The sisters 
are doing' a splendid work In their Aid Society. They have 
helped' some needy families in the city, and also sent a sack 
of clothing to the Kansas City (Missouri) Mission. They have 
been right busy during- the holidays. Our prayer Is that 
the Lord's work will prosper in this part of his vineyard.— 
Leander Smith, 216 East Tenth Street, Newton, Kans., Jan. 11. 

Qninter church met in deferred council Jan. 11. Election 
of officers for the different departments of church work re- 
sulted as follows: Bro. D. H. Ikenberry, treasurer; Bro. S. 
H. Jamison, solicitor; Bro. David Ikenberry, chorister; the 
writer, clerk and Messenger correspondent; Bro. W. E. Roesch, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Nora Bowman, secre- 
tary-treasurer; Bro. Jos. Flora president of our Christian 
Workers' Meeting; Bro. David Ikenberry, president of the 
prayer meeting. The Sunday-school Board consists of the 
superintendent, assistant, the elder, Brethren David Crist, 
David Ikenberry and O. T. Jamison. The local Mission Board 
consists of Brethren D. D. Ikenberry, W. E. Roesch and' the 
writer, with the elder in charge. All departments of our 
church work are in. a healthful condition. Our elder, Bro. 
D. A. Crist, is at present in Chicago, visiting his invalid 
wife, who has lately undergone a serious operation. We 
hope soon to have them among us again. — J. R. Mohler, Quin- 
ter, Kans., Jan. 13. 


Rocky Ridge — -We held our council at Rocky Ridge Jan. 

II. Our elder, Bro. T. J. Kolb, presided. We decided to hold 
a special council at Mountain Dale March 1, at 1:30 P. M. 
Our next council at Tburmont will be held March 29. Our 
love feast at the Thurmont house will be held May 24, to 
be preceded by a series of meetings, commencing May 11. 
We also decided to hold a series of meetings at the Rocky 
Ridge house in August, and at Fountain Dale and at Moun- 
tain Dale during the summer. Bro. Albert Ecker was ap- 
pointed solicitor to secure funds to reseat the Rocky Ridge 
house and report at our next council. Bro. L. J. Flohr Is to 
preach a missionary sermon at Fountain Dale; Bro. B. C. 
Whitmore, at Thurmont; Bro. J. S. Weyhright, ait Rocky 
Ridge, and Bro. C. L. Byers at Mountain Dale, to he followed 
by a collection for missions a.t each place. The weather be- 
ing threatening on the day of our council, not many were 
present.— Allen D. Hoover, Graceham. Md., Jan. 14. 

"Westminster. — Our regular appointment was filled on the 
evening of Dec. 29 by Dr. J. S. Dorsey, of Baltimore, Md. The 
teaoher-t raining class, after the usual lesson Jan. 2, was 
given an informal reception at the home of Bro. E. M. Bish. 
The class was well attended and interesting. The teacher 
showed a floral tribute, with greetings, fresh from the Holy 
Land. The time will soon be announced for a special Bible 
Term. I made a mistake In my last report concerning recently- 
chosen Cfliristian Worker secretaries. I should have said 
Bro. Ea-rny Geiman, secretary: Sister Pauline Royer, assist- 
ant secretary. — W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md„ Jan. Tl. 


Onekama. — >Nov. 30 Eld. Granville Nevlnger, of Decatur, 
111., began a series of meetings for us. The attendance was 
small, but 1 good seed was sown. Bro. Nevinger and wife.- 
nee Sadler, and daughter, Marie, left us on Christmas Day 
for Southern Illinois, where they will have charge of a 
church. Our council was held Dec. 4. The church work was 
reported as being in good shape. Bro. Ulery was retained as 
our elder; Sister Sellers, secretary; Bro. Sellers, treasurer; 
Bro. John Erickson, trustee. We observed Christmas by giv- 
ing a program on Sunday morning previous, which was well 
attended. During the absence of Brethren W. R. Miller and 
J. Edson tilery, our young ministers are looking after the 
work here. — Sylva Ulery, Onekama, Mich., Jan. 15. ' 

Riverside church met in council Jan. 11. Eld. C. L. Wilkins 
presided. Two certificates were granted. Church officers for 
the year were elected, with Bro. C. L. Wilkins elder in charge; 
the writer, Messenger correspondent; Bro. Wm. E. Roberts, 
Sunday-school superintendent. We also decided to have a 
series of meetings in September. — Conway C. Tyson, McBaln, 
Mich., Jan. 14. 


Palrview church met in council Jan. 11. Two letters of 
membership were granted. The following officers were elected 
for this year: Bro. J. B. Hylton, elder; Bro. Cilne, treasurer. 
A collection of $1.90 was taken. Our Sunday-school closed 
Dec. 2R for this winter. — Lula Keith, R. D. 2, Mansfield, Mo., 



Log- Creek. — Our church met In council Jan. 4. Church offi- 
cers were elected for the ensuing year, and Sunday-school 
officers for the next six months. We decided to hold a series 
of meetings next fall. Letters of membership were granted 
to Bro. D. A. Moats and wife. Our band of workers Is small. 
If any of our brethren are thinking of changing location, 
we would give them a warm welcome at this place. — ■Bernfce 
E. Stair-, Polo, Mo., Jan. 12. 

Nevada,— Our church met in council Jan. 4. Eld. Teeter 
presided. Sunday-school officers were elected for one year. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 

Tlie Christian Worker officers were retained for the next six 
months. Bro. R. M. Ellis was chosen. Messenger solicitor; the 
writer. Messenger cm-respondent. Our Sunday-school Is doing 
well. The China work, which the Christian Workers have 
taken up, seems to be gaining in Interest. As yet we have no 
resident minister, but we trust one may locate here. — Fannie 
John-son, Nevada, Mo., Jan. 15. 

North St. Joseph church met in council Dec. 31. Sunday- 
school officers for the ensuing year were elected. Bro. M. 
R, Murray Is superintendent; Bro. Chas. Deal, secretary- 
treasurer. Sister Jennie FJberts was elected church solicitor; 
Bro. Murray, reelected church treasurer; Bro. E. D. Sell, Mes- 
senger agent; the writer, church correspondent. There has 
been a good attendance of Sunday-school pupils all fall and 
winter. An excellent Christmas program was rendered by 
the school on Christmas Eve. — Mrs. M. R. Murray, 1103 
Roosevelt Street, St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 12. 

South St. Joseph is having a splendid meeting, conducted 
by Bro. L. H. Root, of Colorado City, Colo., which began Dec. 
29. Thus far four have been baptized. One brother was re- 
claimed and one was baptized just before our meetings began. 
There Is a great deal of sickness and had weather, which 
hinders our work to some extent. Many souls are being per- 
suaded to enter the kingdom, and not a few are counting the 
cost and need the prayers of the faithful. — E. N. Huffman, 502 
Ky. Ave., St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 10. 


Beatrice,— At our members' meeting, last Sunday, Bro. A. 
D. Sollenherger was unanimously chosen as our elder and pas- 
tor for this year. Sunday-school and church officers were also 
elected. On Sunday evening Christian Worker officers were 
elected, after which we had our regular mission study lesson. 
— Allie Eisenbise, Beatrice, Nebr., Jan. 9. 

Bed Cloud church met in council Jan. 3. Our elder, Bro. 
N. B. Wagoner, presided. Bro. B. E. Eshelman was elected 
church treasurer. A Missionary Committee was elected. 
Bro. Bruce Eshelman was chosen chorister; Bro. L. A. Whit- 
aker, treasurer; Bro. Cyrus Norris, secretary. We also 
elected' our Sunday-school officers. Bro. L. A. Whitaker is 
our superintendent; Sister Bula Fitz, secretary. A commit- 
tee was .appointed to secure an evangelist to conduct a se- 
ries of meetings for us sometime before spring. Our pastor, 
Bro. I. B. Wagoner, and Bro. Edwin Jarboe, were chosen. 
Bro. Edwin Jarboe, Nebraska Mission Secretary, Sunday- 
school Secretary and State Evangelist, has heen with us a 
short time. — Ella I. Eshelman, Red Cloud, Nebr., Jan. 10. 


Loraniie. — Bro. Geo. A. Snider, of Lima, Ohio, began a se- 
ries of meetings at this place Dec. 28, which continued until 
Jan. 12. He preached twenty splendid sermons. The attend- 
ance and interest were very good. The weather was very in- 
clement part of the time. We feel that some were under con- 
viction. The members have been strengthened and inspired 
with a deeper zeal. Sunday morning, Dec. 22, our Sunday- 
school gave an interesting Christmas program, after which the 
usual treat was given. We also elected Sunday-school officers 
for another year. Bro. Levi McCorlde was elected as our su- 
perintendent. Our Sunday-school is progressing nicely. — Allie 
Helman, B. D. 1, Dawson, Ohio, Jan. 13. 

Newton. — -We are in the midst of our series of meetings', 
conducted toy Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio. There is a 
good attendance when the weather Is not inclement. Bro. 
W. R. Deeter was with us while visiting relatives here, and 
we were glad for his fatherly counsel. Several weeks ago 
a communion service was held in the home of an afflicted 
brother, and was enjoyed by him and his wife. Two letters 
were granted since our last report. — Mary West, Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio, Jan. 15. 


Enid Mission. — On Sunday evening before Christmas our 
Sunday-school gave a very interesting program to a full house 
of interested listeners. After the program, the children were 
each given a treat. On Christmas Day we had services at the 
church. Several good talks on Christmas were given. A few 
days before Christmas wo received from the Sisters' Aid 
Society of the Monitor church (of which we are a part), two 
sacks of clothing, thirty-three dressed chickens, together 
with bread, cookies, doughnuts, canned fruit, etc., to go to- 
ward filling baskets for the poor. Many homes were made 
happy by these efforts. We were glad to have two more fam- 
ilies move among us, which increases our Sunday-school and 
gives us more help. Our Sunday- school is still growing nicely. 
We reorganized our Sunday-school and Christian. Workers' 
Meeting last Sunday. The same officers were retained for the 
Sunday-school, and Sister Elsie Landis was chosen president 
of the Christian Workers' Meeting. — -Mms. J. R. Wine, G05 East 
Maple Street, Enid, Okla., Jan. 16. 

Oak Grove church met rn council Jan. 11. Bro. Button 
presided. The meeting was opened by devotional exercises. 
Bro. Button was chosen as our elder; Bro. Loshbaugh, fore- 
man; the writer, olerk and church correspondent; Bro. Frank 
Foster, treasurer. Bro. Button preached three good sermons 
while here, — Saturday night, Sunday morning and Sunday 
evening. — Iva Foster, Hollow, Okla,, Jan. 13. 


Newberg- church met in council Jan. 4. Officers for another 
year were chosen as follows: Bro. H. H. Keim, elder in 
charge; Sister Mattie Dunlap, clerk; Bro. D. E. Fox, treas- 
urer; the writer, chorister, Messenger agent and correspond- 
ent; Sister Eliza -J. Moore, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. Win. King, secretary; Sister Grace Moats, president of 
our Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. Wesley Fox is the 
present leader for one month. Two letters were granted. 
Our church recently selected a plot of ground for a grave- 
yard.— Sarah A. Van Dyke, Newberg, Oregon. Jan. 4. 

Williams Creek church met in council Jan. 11. Quite an 
amount of business was disposed of. Officers were elected 
for the coming year. Eld. John L. Teeter was chosen as our 
elder in Charge; Bro. Ralph Morse, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Sister Sarah Hoxie, church treasurer; Sister Maggie 
Hoxie, Sunday-school secretary. Our attendance at services 
is not so large since winter has set in. We are having much 
snow and rain, but health is very good. We have preaching 
and Sunday-school every Sunday. — Jacob P. Moomaw, Wil- 
liams, Oregon, Jan. 14. 


Elk Lick. — Jan. 4 we held our members' meeting. On ac- ' 
count of the snow drifting heavily, only a few members were 
able to attend. Bro. Egan was moderator, in the aosence of 
our elder, Bro. Peck, An epidemic of measles in our little 
town deprived us of three Sundays' worship. Our Sunday- 
school was reorganized, and under the efficient leadership 
of Bro. J. C. Beahm it ought to make upward strides. The 
outlook for both church and Sunday-school is encouraging. 
Our third teacher-training class is about ready to graduate. 
Of the six Sunday-schools in our town, ours is the only one 
having attained front-line honors. At our local Sunday-school 
Convention, held here Dee. 29, we had splendid audiences, 
and much interest was manifested. — Mrs. E. J. Egan, Eik 
Lick, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Meyeradale. — Our church met in council Jan. 11. Bro. D. 
IT. Walker presided. Most of the church officers were re- 
tained for another year. Bro. J. M. Gnagey was elected as 
clerk of our council meetings for 1913. Several letters of 
membership were granted. Thirty-three were baptized in 
our congregation during 1912. Our membership at present 
is 3S7. Our Sunday-school has made a good record the past 
year. Bro. Wilson G. Saylor was elected superintendent. 
Bro. Elmer Stahl is secretary. Our Christian Workers' 
Meeting was organized a short time ago, and now we are 
ready for another year's work. Bro. D. H. Walker preached 

for us on Sunday morning and evening.— Ella Mao Fike. 
Meyersdale, Pa., Jan. 14, 

New Enterprise. — A few weeks ago we closed a series of 
meetings. Bro. M. J. Brougher, of Greensburg. Pa., did the 
preaching. We had fine weather during these meetings. Bro. 
Brougher gave us very strong, helpful and practical ser- 
mons. These meetings were largely attended, and the interest 
and attention were good. Twenty young men and women 
accepted Christ. Jan. 12 we began a series of meetings in 
the Snyder house. Bro. C. A. McDowell is preaching for us. 
--Margaret Beplogle, New Enterprise. Pa., Jan. 13. 

Philadelphia (Bethany Mission).— Sunday evening, Jan. 12, 
our pastor, Bro. Paul H. Bowman, spoke on "Our Responsi- 
bility Toward the Unsaved." One young> woman was bap- 
tized, A large crowd filled both our auditorium and praver 
meeting room. The field here is white unto the harvest. Oth- 
ers are near the kingdom.— Lydla Humphries, 3105 Kensing- 
ton Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa, Jan. 16. 

Roaring- Spring-.— Bro. J. G. Royer began a series of meet- 
ings in Martinsburg, Pa., Dec. 22, 1912, and continued until 
Jan. S, 1913. He preached twenty excellent sermons and did 
some Bible work. — J. G. Mock, R. D. 1, Roaring Spring, Pa. 
Jan. 12. 

Woodbury .—We expect to open a ten days' Bible Term 
Jan. 31, at the 'Woodbury house, to be conducted by Eld. T. 
T. Myers, of Huntingdon. Pa.— J. C.-Stayer,, Woodbury, Pa- 
Jan. 14. 


Knob Creek.— Bro. Isaac Frantz, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, 
began a series of meetings here Dec. 24 and continued until 
Jan. 7. The weather was inclement part of the time, and 
the roads were very muddy, yet tiie attendance and the inter- 
est continued to grow until the close of the meetings. Bro. 
Framtz's earnest labors and his Inspiring sermons accomplished 
much good, and the members were greatly strengthened. Six- 
teen were buried with Christ in 'baptism. One aged brother 
was restored to Christian fellowship and four others are yet 
to be baptized. About half of the converts came from our 
Sunday-school. Bro. Frantz goes from here to other Southern 
fields.— Augie Clark, R. D. 5, Johnson City, Term., Jan. 8. 


Bridg-ewater. — We met in council Jan. 11. Six were re- 
ceived by letter, and one letter was granted. Church com- 
mittees gave reports of their work for the past year, which 
were encouraging. We hope to secure the service of Breth- 
ren John T. Glick, M. M. Myers and Sister Ollie Kulin for 
our West "Virginia mission fields during the summer months. 
They worked there faithfully last summer. Bro. Herman L. 
Yager was installed into the ministry. He was elected at a 
previous meeting. The Mission Band of Brldgewater Col- 
lege is to render a program at our church in the near future. 
— Ida Pry, Bridgewater, Va., Jan. 15. 

Elanisville, — Dec. 14 Bro. Joseph Bowman, of Franklin 
County, commenced a series of meetings at this place, and 
continued until Dec. 25. His sermons, numbering fifteen, 
were spiritual and uplifting. The attendance and Interest 
were good. Nine stood up for Christ. Four were baptized 
on Christmas Day, and the rest await the sacred rite.— Mar- 
cella Elgin, Elamsvllle. Va., Jan. 13. 

Fairfax. — Our church met In council Jan. 11. Eld. I. M. 
Neff presided. Seven letters ot membership were received. 
Brethren E. D. and I. B. Miller are our superintendents; Bro. 
Paul Sanger, secretary. They, with the teachers and assist- 
ants, were duly installed Jan. 5. The installation service 
took place during the interval between the Sunday-school 
and preaching service. Bro. W. E. Sho waiter was elected 
Christian Worker president; the writer was reelected church 
correspondent. Rev. Ed. J. Richardson will speak for us 
Jan. 26. He is Field Secretary of the Anti-saloon League of 
Northern Virginia.— Kate S. Miller, Oakton, Va., Jan. 14. 

Iiinville Creek. — -At our council, held Dec. 28, it was decided 
to divide the congregation. This is not the first time the 
old congregation has given, up territory and members to form 
new ones. The part cut off for the new congregation, in this 
final division, is larger than the home church, both In member- 
ship and in territory. The elders, Brethren D. Hays and D. 
H. Zigler, are both in the mother church, while the remaining 
four ministers are within the bounds of the new congregation. 
The new organization was effected Jan. 1, 1913. Eld. D, Hays 
presided. The following officers were elected: Bro. I. N, 
2,igler, clerk; Bro. Jos. Flory, treasurer; the writer, corre- 
spondent; Eld. J. Carson Miller, of Timberville, was chosen 
as our elder for one year. Brethren J. M. Mason, J. H. Roller 
and Joseph Wampler compose the Sunday-school Committee. 
A committee of five brethren was appointed to submit a plan 
to our next meeting for the raising and distribution of the 
church finances. Council meeting will be held alternately at 
the four preaching places. The name, Unity, was unanimous- 
ly chosen as the name of our congregation. Our next coun- 
cil will be held at Bethel.- — Mollle Zigler Myers, Broadway, 
Va., Jan. 8. 

Manassas church met in council Jan. 4 at the Canon Branch 
house. The Sunday-school superintendents for Canon Branch 
are Brethren J. J. Conner and Ira Runlon; for Bradley, 
Brethren Grady Shoemaker and Elmond Weeks; superintend- 
ents of the Christian Workers at Canon Branch, Bro. G. P. 
Bucher and Sister Bessie Conner; for Bradley, Brethren Rob- 
ert Armentrout and Harvey Weeks. Our Sunday-schools 
are all evergreen. We have tried the weekly offering system 
ten months, and consider it the best plan we have tried for 
raising mission money. We have a membership of about 
seventy-five. Our weekly offering amounted to J69. This is 
extra, over and above, what we raised other years, as this 
system did not take the place of our regular collections. Our 
Thanksgiving and Christmas collections were used for home 
mission work- We start the next year with bright prospects. 
Alice C. Slough, Manassas, Va., Jan. 16. 

Roanoke City, — Our Sunday-school has had a prosperous 
year, with Bro. J. H. Yost as superintendent. A' home de- 
partment showed a total enrollment of seventy-five members 
at the close of the year, its superintendent doing most of the 
work. A cradle roll was also organized. Two Bible classes 
were organized, making a total of three organized Bible 
classes. The enrollment of each class is from fifteen to twen- 
ty members. An "evangel" advanced teacher-training course 
was started with eight members. Each member, finishing 
the co.urse, received a diploma. Regular weekly prayer and 
teachers' meetings were started. In the teachers' meeting 
a half hour is given to the study of the Sunday-school lesson, 
with Bro. C. E. Trout as leader. This Is a great help to the 
officers of the sohool, who fail to get the benefit of the lesson 
during the Sunday-school session. Nine boys, aged fourteen 
to seventeen years, were present every Sunday during the 
year,— all out of one class. On Christmas, instead of giving 
dinners to those who can give in return, the Ebene-zer orphan 
children were made happy by a bountiful Christmas dinner 
and a special invitation to our Sunday-school exercises. 
They also shared in the treat given to our school. The 
teachers and scholars did not give so many presents to each 
other, but found joy in remembering those in need. — Lula 
A. Shickel, Roanoke, Va., Jan. 14. 

Boiling- Creek. — We have a mission point at Marion, a little 
town of 2,800 to 3,000 population. Two years ago the writer 
came here to live. None of the Brethren had ever preached 
in this town. We now have seven members. Four were added 
during the past year. One young man was baptized last 
Lord's Day. We are looking forward for a series of meet- 
ings next month. — J. C. Jones, Marion, Va., Jan. 15. 

Timberville church met in quarterly council Jan. 4, with 
our elder, J. Carson Miller, presiding. One of the most im- 
portant questions considered was, whether the members 
should be reassessed In the Timberville congregation. It 
was decided to retain the old rate of two dollars on the thou- 
sand. It was also decided that all adult members who own 

less than two hundred and fifty dollars' worth of property 
be assessed fifty cents. Children will bo expected to pay an 
annual foe or twenty-live eonts. The meeting was well at- 
tended and the business moved oft in a very -satisfactory 
manner.— < A. C. Garber, Timberville, Va.. Jan. 14. 


Olympla,— Yesterday we met to dedicate our now house of 
worship. At 11 A. M. Eld. Secrlst preached the dedicatory 
sermon. At the noon hour a basket dinner was served in 
the basement. At 2 P. M. wo had a social meeting, at which 
some good talks were given. We had an offering of J26.70. 
We now have a house well fitted for work, for both church 
and Sunday-school. Bro. Secrlst will soon begin a series of 
meetings, to continue until the first of February, when we 
expect Bro. I. C. Suavely to locate with us and conduct a 
Bible School, at the close of which wo will have a lovo feast. 
Dec. SI we met in council. Sunday-school and Christian 
Worker officers were elected, with Bro. Howard Michael as 
superintendent of our Sunday-school, and Bro. Abr. Stanley 
president of our Christian Workers' Meeting.— Cnddlo Wagner, 
Olympia, Wnsh., Jan. IS. 

Seattle church met in council Dec. 28. Bro. A. C. Root pre- 
sided. Four letters wore read and one was granted. Bro, 
Shrlner was chosen superintendent of the Sunday-school, and 
Sister Blanche Dull, secretary; Bro. Root, elder In charge; 
Bro. F. F. Dull, clerk; Bro. H. J. Baiter, treasurer and church 
chorister; Sister Root, Messenger agent and correspondent; 
Sister Elizabeth Postma, superintendent of the cradle roll; 
Sister E. Cline, president, of our Christian Workers' Meeting. 
We decided to have a scries of meetings to bo conducted by 
Bra. Root. Jan. 1 an election was held for a deacon, and Bro. 
W. A. Dull was chosen. The Installation service will be hold 
in the near future. — Alice Dull, G0S North Eighty-third Street, 
Seattle, Wash., Jan. 9. 

Sunnyeide.— Dec. 21 Eld. L. H. Eby, wife and baby came 

here from Payette, Idaho. Bro. Eby gave ns two good ser- 

tConcluded on Pago 01.) 


" What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put aaunder " 

Hfcrrtaga nottoas should b* ftceompanltd by CO oant* 

Baublitz-Keeny.— In Hanover, Pa., Jam 5, 11)13, by the under- 
signed, Bro. Geo. W. Baublltz and Sister Rosa Koeny, both <*t 
Spring Grove, Pa.— D. H. Baker, Hanover, Fa, 

Baiung-aranor-Berry.— By the undorslgnod, at his homo, 126 
Walders Street, Minot, N. Dak., Jan. 2, 1913, Bro. William 
Baumgardner and Sister Ulennor Berry, botli of Borthold, 
N. Dttk. — D. F. Landis, Minot, N. Dak. 

Cox-Strycker. — By the undersigned, at the homo of tho 
bride's parents, Brother and Slslor J. H. Stryckor, of Kol- 
vinhiuat, Sask,, Mr. J. Cox, of Crossilcld, Alto., and Slslor 
Flossie Stryekcr, of Kelvlnhurst, Susie— Goo. Stryoker, Knl- 
vlnhurst, Sask. [Date of marrlugo-not stated by writer.] 

Criunpacker-Hyrton At the residence of tho bride's par- 
ents, Eld. C. D. Hylton and wife, of Bloom, Kans., by tho 
undersigned, Dec. 26, 1012, Bro. John S. Crumpaolter, of Roan- 
oke, Va., and Sister Alda Hylton, of Bloom, Kann. — S. P. Hyl- 
ton, Bloom, Kans. 

Cuileu-Skinnor. — By tho undersigned, at the homo of tho 
bride's parents, near Virginia, Nebr., Dec. 24, 1912, Bro. Mark 
Cullen and Sister Virginia Skinner.— H. A. Fraiitz, Efolmea- 
ville, Nebr. 

Eshelman- watklna.— At Troplco, Cal„ Doc. 31, 1912, by tho 
undersigned, Bro, M, M. Eshelman, of Troplco, Cal., and Sin- 
ter Salome Walklns, of Losj Angeles, Cal.— Goo. II. Boshor, 
3116 Manllou Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Hathaway-Crlpe. — Byi the undersigned, at his residence la 
■LaPiace, III., Jan. 8, 1313, Bro. Earl R. Hathaway, of La 
Place, 111., and Sisten Vera E. Crlpe, of Corro Gordo, 111,— 
S. S. Miller, LaPiace, 111. 

Lanham-Hamcl. — By tho undersigned, at tho home of the 
bride's parents, Brothor and Sister Martin Hamol, Sr., Nora, 
Nebr., Jan. 1, 1913, Mr. R. Edward Lanham and Miss Mary 
Hamel. — Edgar Rothrack, Carlisle, Nebr. 

Saul-Sharp. — At the home of tho hrlde's parents, Octavla, 
Nebr., Jan, 1, 1913, by tho undersigned, Bro. Poter T. Saul 
and Sister Mary M. Sharp, both of Octavla, Nobr. — L. L. Meek, 
Octavla, Nebr. 

Selby-Stitoly. — At the home of Bro, Amos Wamplor, in 
Wakefield Valley, MetWord, Carroll Co., Md., by tho writer, 
Dec. 28, 1912, Mr. Philip Edward Solby, of Oak Orchard, and 
Miss Annie Elizabeth StUely, of Clomsonvllle, both of Fred- 
erick County, Md. — Eld. Wm. E. Roop, Westminster. Md. 

Wise-Book. — By tho undersigned. Doc. 24, 1912, Bro. Wm. 
Wise, and Mrs. Mary J. Book, both of Gronolo, Kans. — Wm. 
C. Watklna, Grenola, Kans. 


'Blessed are the dead which dlo In tho Lord" 

Axllne, Mary Jane, neo Kroft, born March 5, 1824, died at 
her home in Hardin County, Ohio, Jan. 5, 1913, aged 88 years 
and Hi montlis. She was married to Wm. Axllno Nov. 26, 
1859. Sho was a faithful mcmJber of tho Methodist church for 
seventy-six years. She leaves five sisters and one brother, 
Services at the homo by Bro. W. R. Guthrie. Text, Jor. 12; 5. 
— Bessie L. Guthrie, Lafayette, Ohio. 

Baker, Bro. Daniel S., of Clover Creek, Pa., died Dec. 21, 
1912, of cancer of the tongue, aged 56 years, 1 month and 22 
days. He lived a Christian life for some years. Ho loaves a 
wife, five sons, and two daughters. Services by Bro. J. G. 
Royer, assisted by Brethren A. B. Burget and F. R. Zook. 
Text, Job 38; 17.— J. G. Mock, R. D. 1, Roaring Spring, Pa. 

Bartholomew, Anna Elizabeth, neo Lohmann, born In Upton, 
Franklin Co., Pa., in 1851, died at her home in Batavia, III., 
Jan. 6, 1913, aged CI years, 5 months and 4 days. When she 
was two years of age her parents moved to Franklin Grove, 
III. From there they moved to Warrenvllle, 111., In 18.01, where 
she resided until she was married to Darius Bartholomew, 
Oct. 27, 1870. To them were born three children. She leaves 
a husband, two sons, one daughter, one brother and two sla- 
ters. The deceased was, for a number of years, an active mem- 
ber of tho Baptist church. Services, In accordance with her 
request, at her home by the writer. Text, Psa. 90: 12. Inter- 
ment in the Wewt Batavia cemetery. — James M. Moore, 3436 
W. Van Buren St, Chicago, III. 

Banghman, Chalmer, died Dec. 30, 1912, in the bounds of the 
Yellow Creek congregation, Pa., aged 22 years, months and 
14 days. He was killed Instantly. During a severe storm he 
sought shelter in a cemetery tool house. When the structure 
was blown over, Mr. Baughman, In attempting to escape, was 
caught under the building, his neck being broken by the Im- 
pact. He is survived by a father and a number of brothers 
and sisters. Hla mother died some years ago. Services by 
Brethren D. A. Stayer and G. S. Batzel. Interment In the 
Yellow Creek cemetery. — I. E. Fluke, R. D. 7, Everett, Pa. 

Benner, Sister Annie, nee Sausman, died In the bounds of 
the Lost Creek congregation, Pa, at the home of her eon at 
Maze, Jan. 8, 1913, aged 79 years and 8 days. Sister Annie 



Fanny E. Light, $14: G. W. Bi 
tain, $2.40; Mrs. Geo. Gerdes, i 
M. Eshelman (marriage notfCi 

The General Mission Board acknowledges, 
with pleasure, the receipt of the following do- 
nations, during the month of November, to 
the funds under her care: 

Pennsylvania — $309.06. 

Big Swatara, J 25 80 

Henry Bollinger. $2.05; Christian 

Torty. 25 cents 2 30 

Coventry. 27 41 

Conference Surplus. 1912 238 43 

Mrs. W. M. Fogelsanger. $1; C. G. 
Winey (marrias-e notice), GO cents, 1 50 

Spring Run 6 72 

Hannah Puderbaugh, $5; Susan 

Rouzer, 90 cents 5 90 

Mrs, A. B. Kelley 2 00 

Illinois — S 141. 82. 

Pine Creek, $51.52; Waddams 

Grove, $13.35; Elgin, $7.06 72 53 

S u nd ay-schoo Is. 

Lanark, $19.45; Batavla, $1.73, .... 21 18 
Christian "Workers. 

Batavia, 4 11 

I* J. Gerdes, SS; Mr. and Mrs. Will 
Spencer, $3 ; John Albright, $2.60 ; 
Mrs. John Albright. $2.50; J. S. Al- 
bright, $1; J. E Doering, $1; C. W. 

Lahman, $1 * IS 00 

C L. Strong, wife and sister, $25; 
Mrs. B. S. Kindig, $2; S. Vansyckel, 

$1 28 00 

Kansas — SI 30,50. 

Receipt No. 1S500, $100; Mrs. J. 

N. Brumbaugh, $1, 101 00 

Mrs. N. I. Sowers, $12; John and 
Sarah Racus, $6; A Sister, Coffey- 

ville, 50 cents IS 60 

Mrs. Sarah Hortlng 6 00 

Christian Workers. 

Bloom 6 00 

Samuel Steiner, 1 00 

Michigan — $88.50. 

Beaverton, $25; New Haven, J22; 
Rodney. $12; Crystal. $10.30; Grand 
Rapids, $6: Vestabnrs:, $5.13; Cole- 
man, $4.55; Chippewn Creek, $1; Riv- 
erside, $1 86 98 

W. F. Jehnzen 1 52 

Ohio — S4&55. 

Wooster, $6.72; Black River, $5.70; 

Chippewa, $4.13, 15 55 


Wooster, 10 00 

R. M. Moomaw (marriage notices), 1 00 

Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Snyder, ..... 1 00 

John E. Gnagey, $ 1 0; Mrs. Jane 
Miller, $5; Cyrus Young. $2; Mrs. 
Clara A. Holloway, $2; Katie Beach, 

$1; Bessie Stickle, $1 21 00 

Indiana — S39.15. 

Lizzie Marsh, $1; John Huntington, 

$1. 2 00 

Geo. W. Fosnaugh, $2.15; Emanuel 
Leckrone, $2-; Mrs. Emma Bonebrake, 
$1; Mrs. Etta Ebbinghous. 50 cents, 5 G5 

A Brother. $20; Luther Petry, $10; 
Mrs. Mollie M. Peffiey, $1; D. E. Bow- 
man (marriage notice), 50 cents, .. 31 60 
Maryland — $22.35. « 

Woodberry 7 00 

W. H. Swan. $4.35; Ruby C. Driver,' 

$1 5 35 

Mt Airy, Md 10° 00 

North Dakota— $20.41. 

James River, $8.90; Kenmare, $5,. 13 DO 


Ray-Prairie Home 51 

West Virginia— SI 8.50. 

Allegheny G 60 


Lime Rock, 11 00 

Sister May E. Johnson 1 00 

California — SI 8.40. 

W. E. Whitcher (marriage notice), 60 

Idaho — $13.60. 

Boise Vnlley 

S. S. Redmon (marriage notice), 
Le-ujsiana — $11-50, 


Montana— -$1 1 .25. 

Medicine Lake 

Ok i alio ma — $10.00. 

C, C. Clark 

Missouri — $8.00. 

W. E. Williams 

T. C. Nininger, 

Southern District, Individual. 

Emma R. Wyland, 

Wisconsin — $7.00. 

Jacob D. Brower, $5; Mr. and Mrs. 
J. E. Zollers, $1; R. R. Thomas, $1; 
Canada — 35.00. 

S. M. Burger, 

Virginia— $4.50. 

Elizabeth Eavey, $2; " Mt. Solon,"' 


S. Roller (marriage notice),.. 

W. H. Myers 

Iowa — 34.00. 

Mrs. Samuel Fryer, $1; Irvin M. 
Barto, $1 

W. E. West (marriage notice). 60 
cents; Morris W. Eikenberry (mar- 
riage notice), 60 cents, 

Elisabeth Fishel 

Nebras k a — $2,1 5, 

Mrs. Lizze Carl <. 

Col orad o— 62. 0. 

Mrs. I. W. Fasnacbt 

Nancy D. Underhill 

Texas — 31.25. 

Mrs. John Barnliart 

Minnesota, — $0.50. 

Wra. Eikenberrv (marriage notice), 
Washington — 30.50. 

C. E Holmes (marriage notice), 
Va k n own — $0.05 . 


10 00 

1 00 

3 00 

1 00 

Total for the month. 

$ 918 54 

Michigan— $127.42. 

Woodland, $54; Thornapple, $42; 
Little Traverse, $11.12; Sunfield. 
$8.70; Morilla, SC.G0; Black River, 85, 
Pennsylvania— -$39,50. 


J. L. Ankeny , 

Oklahoma, — 35.00. 

C. C. Clark, 

Ma ry land — 3 5. 00. 

Mrs. Mary E. Arnold 

Illinois — 33.00. 

A Sister, 

Ohio — 32.00, 

Sara BIgler 

Total for the month, "$~" 

Previously reported 

127 42 
36 00 

For the year so far, $ 

Nebraska — $20.00. 

Octavia, $ 

Ohio — $20.00. 


Virginia— $20.00. 

Ida Wilbarger's Class, Mill Creek, 
Maryland — $12.00, 

Hagerstown Y. p. Society 

Pennsylvania — $11.00. 

Trostle P, Dick Antietam, $5; Nora 

Sieber Sansman, $1, $ 

Sunday -school. 

Primary Class — Loon Creek, 

' Minnesota — $10.00. 


Colorado — $5.00. 
Christian Workers. 

First Grand Valley 

Oklahoma — $2.50. 

C. C Clark, 

Total for the month $ 

Previously reported 

For the year so far $ 

California—- $90.00. 

J. H, and Jennie Brubaker, $60; 
S. G. D. Anderson, Frank L. Hepner, 
Peter Fcsler, Perry C. Bashore, $30,$ 
Pennsylvania — $30.00. 


Iowa — $4.75. 

Old Sisters' Glass, Panther Greek, 

Total for the month $ 

Previously reported, 

For the year so far, $ 

Illinois — $1.00. 

Amos E. Wolfe, $ 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously reported 

For the year so far $ 


California — 338.15. 

Santa Ana, $ 

Christian Workers. 

South Los Angeles 

Missouri — $11.85, 


Montane, — $1 1.25. 

Medicine Lake, 

Indiana — $10.55. 




Bttie Ebbinghous 

Illinois— $10.00. 


A Sister, 

Oklahoma — $8,53. 
Christian Workers. 

Big Creek, 

C. C. Clark, 

Ohio— $4.00. 

Eagle Ci eek 

Total for the month $ 

Previously reported, 

For the year so far, $ 

Indiana- — $43.50. 
( "li risit ia.ii Workers. 

Union Center, $ 


North Liberty, 

Aid Society. 

North Liberty Sisters', 

Su n day- soh o o 1 , 

Primary Class, Lick Creek 

Oklahoma — $22.00. 
Christian Workers. 


Illinois — $20.00, 

Hickory Grove, 

Iowa. — S12.50. 

6 00 Sunday-school. 

Panther Creek $ 12 50 

5 00 iflano — $10.00. 

Christian Workers. 

in nn Neaperce, 10 00 

Pennsylvania, — $4.0O. 
Aid Society. 

5 (jo Waynesboro ; 4 00 

2 go Total for the month, $ 112 00 

_^____ Previously reported, 451 62 

2 321 61 ^" or ' ne year so far > $ 563 62 


2,422.11 „ v ., MM *jwj.*.«bxw«. 

Ohio — $3.00. 

John A. Trackler, $ 3 00 

Oklahoma — $2.50. 

C. C. Clark 2 60 

TexaB — $2.00. 

B0 uo Sophia Darrow 2 00 

30 00 Total for the month $ 7 50 

Previously reported 22 00 

j 75 For the year, so far, $ 2!) 50 


239 85 Ohio— $1.00. 

Sara BIgler, 100 

364 60 

Total for the month $ 100 

Previously reported, 2 00 

1 00 For the year so far $ 3 00 


127 01 Pennsylvania $ 300 40 

Illinois 40 00 

128 61 Kansas, 18 70 

Michigan 5 00 

Washington 5 00 

California 2 60 

8 15 

Total for the month, $ 371 ,60 

30 00 Previously reported 3,487 81 

For the year so far, $ 3,859.41 


it or North Dakota, $ 191 34 

it tb Kansas 5 00 

6 00 Total for the month ? 196 34 

Previously reported 239 24 

5 06 

60 For the year so far, $ 435 58 

3 00 General Fund. 

Indiana $ 60 SO 

Pennsylvania 44 66 

3 52 Virginia 15 47 

r 00 lino's 11 GO 

Maryland 13 76 

Nebraska, 12 12 

, ft Ohio, 1145 

* uu Iowa, 10 00 

QA ,0 Washington, R 61 

,;J ii Kansas, 5 00 

*' J aji Tennessee 3 00 

„, ,. California, 2 60 

568 14 Colorado 2 00 

Total for the month $ 206 02 

Previously reported 312 39 

20 00 For tne year SQ fa _ j 617 41 


Illinois, s 3 17 

5 00 * ' 

Total for the month, $ 3 17- 

2 00 I'reviously reported 261 13: 

*'0r the year so far, $ 264 30i 

[For a more fully itemized report of dona-v 

,„ nn tions to our city missions, our readers are re-- 
iu uu ferred to the January number of " Missionary,- 

was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for over 
fifty years. Her husband preceded her about thirteen years 
ago. She is survived by four sons, one daughter and one 
stepson, whom she raised as one of her own. Her sickness 
was of short duration. She had a stroke of apoplexy on Mon- 
day and died on Wednesday. Sen-ices by Eld. C. G. Winey and 
Rev. Houser, of the TJ. B. Church. Interment In the Whiteland 
cemetery near by.— J. B. Frey, R. D. 2, Box 80, Mifflin town, 

Bowman, Sister Harriet, died in the bounds of the Lower 
Stillwater congregation, Montgomery Co,, Ohio, Dec. 8, 1912, 
aged 70 years, 5 months and 11 days. She was the daughter 
of Joseph and Susanna Landls. March 16, 1864, she was 
married to Joseph Bowman. To this union were born three 
sons and two daughters, all of whom survive. Her husband, 
two brothers and one sister also survive. For many years she 

was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren. L. A. 

Bookwalter, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Bussard, Alfred A., son of Friend Leslie and Sister Mi ntte 
Bussard, died of pneumonia Dec. 28, 1912, at his home near 
BoJar, Va., In the Valley Bethel congregation, aged 17 years, 
1 month and 16 days. Alfred was an obedient boy and will be 
greatly missed. He was a faithful attendant at Sunday-school 
and church services. He leaves his parents, one little brother 
and grandparents. Services by Bro. Adam H. Miller, his 
Sunday-school teacher. Interment in the Valley Bethel cem- 
etery.— Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Va, 

Cober, Sister Lizzie, nee Walker, born Dec. 31, 1849 died 
Dec. 31, 1912, aged 63 years. Pneumonia was the cause of her 
death. She was married to Aaron Cober Nov. 12, 1874. Her 
husband, three brothers and one sister survive. Sister Cober 
was a life-long and faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren. Services at the Meyersdale church by Eld. E K 
Hostetler. Interment Ira the Union cemeterv at Meyersdale — 
Ellen Mae Pike, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Coble, Henry, born near Polk church. Montgomery Co Ohio 
Dec. 17, 1830. died Dec. 10, 1912, at his/home in Taylorsburg 
Ohio, aged 81 years, 11 months and 23 daya He was the 
youngest of a family of six brothers and four sisters, and the 
last one to die. Ho was united In marriage to Ann Crider Jan 
15, 1852. To them were born seven children. He leaves 
his widow and one daughter. Services ait the Polk church bv 
the writer. Text, Rev. 22: 12. Services at the home by Eld 
John Smith and the writer. Text, Amos 4: 12. Interment in 
the Chris tin*? cemetery.— L. A. Bookwalter, Trotwood, Ohio 

Deardorff, Bro. Peter, son of Jacob and Sophie Deardorff 
born in Henry County, Ind., Dec. 9, 1835, died In Hagerstown 
Ind., Dee. 8, 1912, aged 76 years, 11 months and 29 days Dec 
10, 1859. he was married to Rosina Ulrich. In 1859 he joined 
the Church of the Brethren, and was a faithful member until 
death. A few weeks before he died he was anointed The 
cause of his death was a complication of several diseases 
His wife, four sons and three daughters survive. Services bv 
the writer, assisted by Eld. Abram Bowman. Text, Hob 2- 
9. Interment in the Maple Grove cemetery. — L W Tefttpr' 
Hagerstown, Ind. ' ™- c '- 

^^^ Br ?- Andrew, born in Blair County, Pa., Oct. 26, 
1842, died at his home near Beavertown, Blair Co Jan 4 
1913. He was first married to Elizabeth Sower, together with 
whom he united with the church. After her de£th he was 
married to Sister Susan Kagarlce. Three children were born 
to his first wife. One died in infancy. He also had three 
children by his second wife. One preceded him. His second 

companion survives. Services in the Morrison's Cove Luther- 
an church- by Eld. W. H. Holsinger, assisted -by Eld. S. I. 
Brumbaugh, Text, Heb. 11: 16. Interment In the Lutheran 
cemetery. — J. B. Snowberger, Shellytown, Pa. 

Drayer, Sister Eliza, nee Swihart, daughter of Jonathan and 
Sophia Swihart, born in Montgomery County, Ohio, Aug. 29, 
1S35, died Jan. 5, 1913, aged 77 years, 4 months and 6 days. 
In 1892 she was united In marriage to Nathaniel Drayer. Her 
husband died Oct. 29, 1912. .Sister Drayer was a member of 
the Church of the Brethren for over fifty years. About one 
year ago, while under the hand of affliction, Sister Drayer was 
anointed. Nov. 21, 1912, she came to Brookville to spend the 
winter with Oier sister, Kathrine Snyder, when she contracted 
a cold, resulting in pneumonia, which ended her life. Two 
brothers and two sisters survive her. Services by the writer 
— J. W. Fidler, R. D., Brookville, Ohio. 

French, Mr. Warren Allen, born Sept. 3, 1889, died Dec: 20, 
1912, ait his home near Cherry Run; W. Va., aged 23 years 3 
months and 16 days. His death was caused by tvphoid fever 
and pneumonia. He was sick only a few days. "He leaves a 
father, mother, four brothers and two sisters. Services at the 
home by Rev. Daniel Gates, of the Methodist church. Text, 
2 Kings 4: 26. Interment in Aliens graveyard, about three 
miles from his home. — Olive Barnes, Cherry Run, W. Va. 

Gebhaxt, Sister Mary Ann, nee Koontz, born in Montgomery 
County, Ohio, June 5, 1841, died 1 of dropsy Dec. 31, 1912 She 
moved with her parents to Henry County, Ind., when but a 
child. She married Josdah Gebhart Sept. 18, 1860 They 
moved to Whitesville, Mo., In 1867, and located on a farm one 
mile from the place where she died. She survived her husband 
but four months, the greater portion of the time being con- 
fined to her room. After her husband's death she lived' with 
her son, George, her only surviving child. Her daughter died 
about fifteen years ago. She was a consistent member of the 
Church of the Brethren for many years. The Whitesville 
congregation was her church home until a year ago At the 
dissolution of that organization her membership was placed 
in the North btu Joseph church. She was anointed just one 
week before her death. She leaves one son, three brothers and 
^Tf S wkT;L ^er remains were buried beside her husbami 
in the Whitesville Baptist cemetery. Services by the Breth- 
ren.-^. S. Kline, 2919 St. Joseph Avenue, St Joseph, Mo 
1Q Q f D ^', B l'°; Jo ! m M " born ln Greene County, Ohio, Dec. 
S in : i? ^^ A,lteon PraIrJe ^"eregation, Lawrence 
Co., Ill Dec. 8, 1912, aged 69 years, 11 months and 19 days 
In early life he moved with his parents to Whitley County 
ina. In 1869 he moved to Lawrence County, 111 He is sur 
vived by his wife, four daughters, one sister and six broth- 
ers. Early in life he united with the Church of the Brethren 
eK Ce iH F ' TeXt ' - HS " il 14 '~ 5 - W - GarDer - De- 

Oooghnour, Ohas., son of Bro. William and Sister Loretta 
Goughnour. in the Johnstown congregation, Pa., died of heart 
trouble Jan. 4, 1913, aged 9 years, 3 months and 29 days He 
eaves his parents, four sisters and two brothers. Services 
by Bro. Abram Fyock. Text, 2 Kings 4: 26. Interment in the 
Locust Grove cemetery.— Mrs. Frank F. Fyock, R. D. 2. Johns- 

Hartman, Sister Susan, died at her home In East Berlin Pa. 
Dec. 25, 1912, of paralysis, aged 81 years, 2 months and 2 days' 
blie was a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren 
for many years. She remembered the Old Folks' Home near 

Carlisle, with a good donation. She was the last of the Mi- 
chael Baker family. Her husband, Bro. Philip Hartman, pre- 
ceded her eighteen years ago. Services by Eld. C. L. Baker; 
assisted by Brethren Ralph W. Schlosser and C. C. Brown, ira 
the East Berlin church. Interment in- the Miimmert cem- 
etery, near East Berlin. — Nellie I. Baker, East Berlin, Pa- 
Hutchison, David, born in Canada in 1842, died in the boundis 
of the Chippewa Creek congregation, Mich., Dec. 17, 1912, aged 
70 years. He lived alone, and. died very suddenly. Text 
Mark 13: 37. Services by the writer. — J. E. Frederick, Rodnevl 

Kenny, Maude Eveline, daughter of A. L. and Sister Kenny 
died near Ensign, Alta., Canada, Dec 29, 1912, aged .6 years 
and 4 months. Services by the writer, assisted by Eld G A 
Shamberger. — Luther Shatto, Brant, Alta., Canada. 

Isenberg, Sister Mary, nee Mblsbee, born Jan. 5, 1822, near 
Rogersvllle, Tenn., In the bounds of the Cedar Grove church 
died; Dec. 31, 1912, aged 91 years, less five days. She was 
married, to Simon Isenberg Sept. 8, 1844. To this union were 
born eight daughters and two sons. She was a member of the 
Church of the Brethren.! about sixty-six years, and in Septem- 
ber, 1912, she attended a love feast at the Cedar Grove 
church. Her husband arid three children preceded her to the 
spirit world'. Seven children survive. Interment in the Cedar 
Grove cemetery. — Mary Davis, Rogersvllle, Tenm 

Jenninga, Friend William, bom in France, Maroh 23, 1827 
died in the bounds of the Johnstown congregation, Pa, Dec 
27, 1912, of paralysis, aged 85 years, 10 months and 4'days' 
He was a member of the Baptist church for fifty years. His 
wife, four sons and one daughter survive. Services by Rev 
Galium, of the Christian church of Johnstown, Pa., assisted 
by Bro. Abr. Fyock. Text, 2 Peter 3: 15. Interment In the 
Locust Grove cemetery.— Mrs. Frank Fyock, R. D. 2, Johns- 
town, Pa. 

c 1!^ f, ister 0rvil]a Alice < D °™ in North Liberty, Ind., July 
6, 1863, died at her home in Peabody, Kans., Dec. 1, 1912 She 
was married to Amos Lutz Nov. 5, 1887.- One daughter was 
born to this union. Sister Lutz united with the church in her 
youth and died in the faith. Her suffering and illness were 
severe, but she bore it pati en tly.— Jacob Funk, Peabody, Kans. 
Manges, Sister Leona, nee White, born ira Botetourt County, 
Va June 26, 1882, died In the Botetourt congregation Nov. 15 
1912, aged 30 years, 4 months and 20 days. She was united In 
marriage to C. W. Manges June 24, 1900. Three sons and 
r£° a ^ s ! iters were barn to 'this union. All of them survive 
For thirteen years she was a consistent member of the 
Brethren church. Services ait Haymaker-town, Union house 
^ S 10 ',*?- ^ ?° Ve ' assi3te(i *>y Bro. C. S. Ikenberry and R. 
town, e Va7 E " chuPOh — W ' K " Coffman, Haymaker- 

^HS 32 ^* !?!?' £*?* B "„ boPn in Rockin Sham County, Va, 
f ?H l\ lSi2 ' ? led near Cedar Ra -Pi<ls. Iowa, Dec. 28, 1912 of 
heart failure. His parents located it. Linn County, Iowa, when 
he was a small boy. Here he lived all his days He was ma. 
ried to Sarah E. Albaugh in 1867. To them were bo?n five 
sons and three daughters. One daughter preceded him In 
death He and his wife were received into the Brethren 
church years ago, and served in the deacon's office faithful! v 
for many years. Services at the Dry Creek church by tl e 
writer. Interment in the Dry Creek cemetery— Dr s b mi 
ler. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. v *' Mll ~ 

Miller, Susannah, daughter of Abraham and Susannah Cay- 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913. 

lor, bora July 5, 1847. in Henry County, Ind., died near Dub- 
lin, Ind., Dec 14, 1912, aged 65 years. 5 months and 9 days 
Nov. 22, 1SG5, she was married to Philip Miller, who died 
Oct. 1, 1S99. To them were born ten children. About forty 
years ago she united, with the Church of the Brethren, con- 
tinuing faithful to the end. She had several strokes of paral- 
ysis, which caused her much suffering- and disability for a 
number of years, but she patiently endured her affliction. She 
was anointed several times. She leaves one sister, three sons 
and three daughters. Services by the writer, assisted by Eld 
Abram Bowman. Text, John 14: 2, 3. Interment in the Lo- 
cust Grove cemetery.— L. W. Teeter, Hagerstown: Ind 

Pullin, Bolser I-L. horn Jan. 22, 1S28, died Dec. 29, 1912, aged 
84 years, 11 months and 7 days, i-le was a member of the 
Ohureh of the Brethren for twenty-two years. Text, 2 Cor. 
13: 11. Services by the writer. — Joslah Beverage, Monterey, 



Ritchey, Sister Elizabeth, nee Steele, born Sept. 2, 1841 died 
Dec. 30, 1012, aged 71 years, 3 months ami 39 days. She is 
survived by a husband, Ave sons and a daughter. Services by 
Brethren John B. Fluke and W. S. Ritchey. Interment in the 
Yellow Creek cemetery. — I. E. Fluke, R, D. 7, Everett, Pa. 

Shaw. David, son of Solomon and Susan Shaw, born in 
Cumberland County, Pa., March 15, 1833, died Dec. 28, 1912, 
aged 79 years, 9 months and 13 days. At the age of fifteen 
years he came with his parents to Montgomery Counitv, Ohio, 
locating at Salem. Most of 'his mature years were spent near 
Union, Ohio. Jan. 5, 1855, he was united in marriage to Sarah 
Hour, daughter of Samuel and Frances Herr. To this union 
were born seven children. Three of them died in infancy. He 
leaves an aged wife, five brothers, two sons and tiwo daugh- 
ters. Services at Fairview by Eld. Jesse Stutsman and the 
writer, assisted: by Rev. White, of the M. E Church.— L. A. 
Bookwalter, Trotwood, Ohio. 

SMvely, Bro. Stephen, born Dec. 28, 1S2S, near Dayton 
Ohio, died Dec. 14, 1912, at his home in Cerro Gordo, 111., aged 
S3 years 11 months and. 1G days. He united with, the Church 
of the Brethren in 1848, and: was ever faithful. In August, 
18G0, Ils was married' to Catherine Metzger, daughter of Eld! 
John Metzger, a well-known pioneer minister at the Church of 
the Brethren. To this union were born five children two o£ 
whom ihave departed this life. He leaves an aged wife and 
three children. His last, protracted Illness he bore with pa- 
tience. Services by Bro. D. M. Adams, assisted by Bro. Daniel 
Mohler. Text, Job 5: 2G. Interment in the West Frantz cem- 
etery. — Anna B. Leedy, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Shoemaker, Mrs. David A., born Feb. 11, 1854, died Jan 4 
1913. In 1871 she was married to David A. Shoemaker. To 
this union were born eight children. Three of them preceded 
her in death. In 189a she became a mennber of the Church of 
the Brethren, and remained faithful. After her long suffer- 
ing she departed in, peace. She leaves a husband and Ave 
children. Services by Bid. I. B. Wike and the writer — G L, 
Wine, 621 Guilford Street, Huntington, Ind. 

Smith, Bro. Philip H., born in Germany, near Bingen on the 
Rhine, Oct. 27, 1837, died in Waverly, Kans., Jan. 4, 1913, aged 
75 years, 2 months and 8 days. He came to America in 1854, 
was married to Margaret Jane Bowman Jan. 2G, 18G5. She died 
Jan. -1, 1902. He married Rachel E. Bell, of Keota, Iowa, Aug. 
15, 1904, who still remains. Ten children were born to the first 
union. Five sons and two daughters survive. He was a loyal 
member of the Ohureh of the Brethren, for a number of years 
and died in the triumph of the faith. Kidney trouble was the' 
cause of his death. Services by the writer, assisted by the 
M. E. pastor, of Waverly. Interment in the Key West ceme- 
tery.— Ohas, A. Miller, Westphalia, Kans. 

Stenman, Sister Annie, died at her home in East Peters- 
burg Jan. 7, 1913, of the Infirmities of old age, she being in 
her eighty-fourth year. Services at the Brethren church at 
East Petersburg 'by the Brethren and Harvey Hershev. of the 
Church of God.— M. G. Forney, R. D. 1, Lancaster, Pa. 

Stitzel, Bro. Henry, born; in Franklin County, Pa., July 23 
1337, died at his home in Dallas Center, Iowa, Jan. 2. 1913 
nged 75 years, 5 months and 9 days. He moved to Carroll 
County, 111., with hi® parents when he was eight years old 
residing there until 1868, when he married Lizzie Hay and 
moved to Dallas County, Iowa, where he has since resided. 
Three sons were born to them. All of them survive him He 
united with the Church of the Brethren in 18G7, and re- 
mained faithful until death. He was one of tfhe charter 
members of the Dallas Center congregation, and a liberal 
supporter of the cause in time and money. He is survived by 
his three sons, one sister and a devoted wife. Services by the 
writer, assisted by M. W. Eikenberry. — C. B, Rowe, Dallas 
Center, Iowa. 

Stroup, Bro. Samuel M., born Nov. 14, 1852, died Jan. 2, 1913, 
aged GO years, 1 month and IS diays. He was married to Su- 
sannah Bowman March 9, 1873. One daughter and four sons 
were born to Dhis union. Two sons preceded him. He is sur- 
vived' by his wife, two sons, one daughter, an aged mother 
two brothers and three sisters. He united with the Church of 
the Brethren about twenty years ago and lived faithful until 
death. He suffered intense pain without murmuring. Services 
at the Rock Run church by Eld. Hiram Forney. Interment at 
the same place. — (Mrs.) Dora Stover, Goshen City, Ind. 

Studebaker, Hillard Clee, son of Brother Samuel S. and Ellen 
Studcbaker, died in the Walnut Level congregation, Wells Co 
Ind., Jan. 4, 1913, aged 3 years, 10 months and 12 day® He 
leaves his father and mother, one sister and one brother 
Services by Bro. Allen Popejoy, of Poneto, Ind., at the Airline 
M, K church. Interment in the Stahl cemeterv. — Malinda S 
Wtudebaker, Bluffton, Ind. 

Thomas, Jonathan, born Jan. 12, 1846, in Bilston South 
Staffordshire, England, died Dec. 16, 1912, at his home in 
Hardin County, Ohio, from an attack of paralysis aged GG 
years, 11 months and 4 days. He leaves a wife and two sons 
Services at the home by Bro. W. R. Guthrie. Text, Heb 9- 27 
—Bessie L. Guthrie, Lafayette, Ohio. 

Wagner, Marion S., died in Hanover, Pa., Dec. 22, 1912, aged 
7 years, 2 months and 6 days. He was the son of Bro. Ohas 
Wagner. Services at the home by Bro. D. H. Baker Inter- 
ment at Black Rock, Breth en E. S. Miller and C. Geiman con- 
ducting the services.— W. B. Harlacher, Hanover, Pa. 

"Wall, Mrs. L. H„ wife of L. H Wall, died Dec. 25, 1912 
after a lingering illness, aged 36 years. A husband and three 
small children are left behind; also her mother, brother and 
sister in Virginia. Mrs. Wall came South, for her health one 
year ago, but too late. She was a member of the Missionary 
Baptist church. Services by the writer. Text, "So number 
thy days," etc. — Jacob C. Funderburgh, Seneca, Fla. 

Wampler, Sister Hannah C, nee Hollar, died of diabetes, at 
the home of her daughter, Mrs. TIcy Lanham, in the Green 
Mount congregation, Rockingham Co., Va., Jan. 8, 1913, aged 
63 years, 6 months and 28 days. She hod not been well for 
some time, but was not seriously ill more than a few days 
She was a member of the Church of the Brethren for fifty 
years. She leaves two daughters, three sisters and four 
brothers. Services by Eld. Isaac C. Myers at Mount ZIon 
church. Text, Psa. 116: 15. Interment in the Hollar family 
burying ground. — Katie Kline, Broadway, Va. 

Weaver, Bro. Joseph H., died at his home near Heldlersburg. 
Pa,, Sept. 15, 1912, of cancer of the bowels, aged 42 years, 7 
months and 3 days. He leaves a widow and five children; also 
&n aged father, Bro, George Weaver, one sister and two 
brothers. He was a consistent member of the Church of the 
Brethren, and a kind father in the home. He was buried at 
the Pines church (Lutheran), near New Chester, Pa. Services 
by Eld. C. L. Baker and Rev. Detrick (Lutheran). — Nellie I 
E aker, East Berlin, Pa. 

Witmer, Lloyd S., son of Bro. Jonas H and Sister Fannie 
S. Witmer, died of dropsy Jan. 3, 1913, aged 2 years, 6 months 
and 8 days. Services at the Manor house by Elders Henry 
Light and H. S. Sonon. Text, Job 14: 20.— M. G. Forney, R. D. 
*- Lancaster, Pa. 

lethel Notebook No. 1 



The Sunday-school lessons of 1913 are taken 
from the Old Testament. Why not connect them 
in such a way that your pupils will know and 
remember them as one connected interesting 
story. The Bethel Notebook No. 1 will do this 
for you. Why not use it? Instructions for its 
use are given with each book, also mention is made 
of them under the heading of Biblical Connections 
in the Brethren Quarterly and Teachers' Monthly 
so that any teacher can easily use them as supple- 
mentary to the other Sunday-school helps. Each 
pupil should have a copy. 

This little booklet contains an outline of Old 
Testament History, also outline maps with in- 
structions for filling them out and tracing all the 
journeys of the principal Bible Characters ac- 
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It is a most valuable booklet for the junior, 
intermediate, and senior classes in the Sunday- 
school in fixing in the minds of the pupils the 
facts which are hard to remember and yet very 
vital to a proper understanding and interest in 
the Bible. 

Make 1913 a year of real Bible Study. Begin 
with your class now. 

Price per single copy 15c 
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Popular Bible studies on the first twelve chap- 
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on present and coming events. The book is com- 
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1. When the World Was Made. 

2. When Sin Entered the World. 

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4. When the Flood Came and Swept Them All 

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The content of the book is both historic and 
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Some Who Led 

By D. L. MILLER and 

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S«l 'il? »V ve o, or s ' xt i'- tlir( ' G of thoao who hft ve been 

Waders In the Church of the Brethren. It was Impos- 
sible to get photographs of nil of those lenders, but as 
far as possible a photograph has been secured and a 
reproduction of same accompanies the life sketch. 

This book Is not for sale separately but given as a 
premium with a year's subscription to the Oospol Mes- 
senger for only 4Ec additional. Size of book, 6^x8 
Inches, 223 pages, bound In crcen cloth with back and 
side title In gilt. 

Send (1.95 today and we will enter your namo on 
the Gospel Messenger list one year and send you tb« 
book, "Some Who Lad," to your address postpaid. 

urmsEi puKusHnra eodii, 

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the Church of the Brethren, is of special value to 
members of the church, though many not identi- 
fied with our Brotherhood read it with interest 
and appreciation. The things of most vital in- 
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the columns of this paper only. Its work is being 
appreciated more and more, as the increase of 
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Elgin, Illinois 

_j 1 f j 1 fr ■ ■ irT . x • ■ I 1- 1 — *- 

.4. — * — * — 4 — * — .,. ,. — * 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 25, 1913, 


Editorial, — 

Some Late Theories 57 

The Passing of Bro. B. P. Heckman, 57 

Living Life Over (H. B. B.) 57 

I'our Signature, 58 

Salvation Conditional, 68 

What a Denominational Paper Did, . 58 

Where Preachers Are Plentiful, 58 

Some Corrections 58 

Not Sowing Discord ss 

Essays, — 

Literally and Figuratively. By Jas. A. Sell 50 

Our Life Work. By Wealthy A. BurlCholder BO 

The Prayer Meeting. By James M. Moore, 50 

Bearing His Cross. By Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, 51 

Christians as Lights. By L. R. Holsinger 51 

The Ministerial List for 1913. By Edgar M. Hoffer, . 52 

The Simple Life in College. By T. S. Moberman, ... 62 
Infant Baptism Not a New Testament Ordinance. By 

S. S. W. Hammers 53 

Our Visit to the Western Schools. By Jno. Calvin 

Bright 53 

"A New Tear's Resolve." By Chas. M. Tearout, 53 

The Death of Bro. B. P. Heckman. By Galen B. 

Boyer 53 

Character Sketches from My Jungle Home. No. E. 

— Darkabai's Baby and Some Superstitions. By 

Nora E. Berkebile, 55 

The Bound Table, — 

Our Jubilee. — M. G. Gibble. The Gideons. — Levi Min- 
nich. A Remarkable Curiosity. — Rufus M. Reed. The 
Work at York, Pa. — Abram S. Hershey 54 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

(Concluded from Page 61.) 
moos on Sunday. Our Sunday-school rendered a program on 
Christmas Eve. Dec. 24 Bro. I. C. Snavely, of Bethany Bible 
School, began a Bible Institute. He gave us four hours a day, 
— three hours' Bible study and a sermon. We had a good 
attendance of the members, as well as those from other de- 
nominations. Our term lasted two weeks. The Institute 
method of revival work Is surely the best. It leaves the 
church at work. Two of our Sunday-school children were 
baptized at the close of these meetings. We have decided to 
begin a prayer meeting, to be held each week on Thursday 
evening. Our church has been without a prayer meeting for 
aibout two years. Our Thanksgiving offering was sent to 
Sister James M. NefT. — Orpha Eby, Sunnyslde, Wash., Jan. 9. 


Maple Spring. — We began our Bible Term on Christmas 
morning and continued until Dec. 31. Bro. S. N. McCann was 
our general instructor during the day, and also preached to 
us each evening. The services were largely attended both night 
and day. — Pearl A. Hamstead, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 6. 

Pleasant View. — Our church met In regular council Jan. 4, 
with Eld. J. S. Zigler presiding. Our series of meetings wilt 
convene Aug. 24. We reorganized our Sunday-school, with 
Bro. Thomas W. Jones, superintendent, and Bro. Clayton Jones 
secretary- treasurer. — Anna F. Sanger, R, D. 1, Box 14, Pay- 
etteville, W. Va., Jan. 10, 

Mount Morris. — "Uncle Dan" Wingert, a familiar person- 
age in this vicinity for many years, has passed away. We 
miss him, but we rejoice over the richness of his life. But 
our hearts are further saddened by the news of the death of 
Bro. B. P. Heckman. As a tribute of respect to him, and as 
a consolation to us all, memorial services were held in the 
College Chapel on Sunday evening, Jan. 19. His brother, who 
is attending school in Mit. Morris College, and also Bro. Heck- 
man's aged father, were in attendance. Bro. B. P. Heckman 
was a student at Mt. Morris for five years and an active 
worker in local church affairs. During the past two weeks 
Bro. J. Edson Ulery has been conducting services at the 
Columbia schoolhouse, a growing mission center In our local 
church. His meetings have been well attended and four have 
made application for church membership. All who have been 
in attendance were Impressed with the helpfulness of the 
teaching which was given. — Charles H. Keltner, Mt. Morris, 
111., Jan. 20. 


We met in council Jan. 2, at 7:30 P. M. Our elder, 
Bro. John Heckman, of Polo, 111., presided. Bro. Earle 
Andrews was elected trustee for three years; Bro. Ralph 
W. Cox, trustee for two years; Bro. Harry Ward, trustee 
for one year; Bro. Clarence Tompkins, treasurer; Sister 
Elsie Baker, clerk; the writer, correspondent. 

We elected a Sunday-school cabinet, consisting of our 
pastor, Bro. O. P. Haines, our superintendent, Sister 
Bertha Haines, and Bro. Earle Andrews as the third 
member of the cabinet. Bro. Walter Roland was chosen 
as secretary and postmaster. The writer was selected 
as superintendent of the cradle roll, and our pastor as 
superintendent of the home department. At a previous 
meeting the church decided to organize a Christian 
Workers' Society. The constitution and bylaws were 
read and accepted at this meeting. Bro. Ed. Wolf was 
elected president of our Christian Workers' Society; Bro. 
Walter Roland, secretary-treasurer. 

Sunday morning, Jan. 5, we had an installation service 
for our Sunday-school officers and teachers. Our pastor 
preached a very acceptable sermon from 2 Tim. 2: 15, 
which was very much appreciated. The attendance and 
interest at our service is on the increase, regardless of 
the winter weather. Last Sunday morning we had 127 
at Sunday-school. On the evening of Dec. 24 we had 
our Christmas program. For one and one-half hours the 
children entertained the audience with their songs, ex- 
ercises, declamations, recitations, etc. After this a treat 
was given to them, which was also greatly appreciated. 

Rockford is the largest city in the United States which 
is "dry," though surrounded by "wet" territory. Not- 
withstanding all that, however, we have nothing of which 
to boast. There is sin all about us. Will you pray with 
us that the Lord may use us here in building up his 
kingdom, and that we may keep the banner of King 
Immanuel floating high? Bertha E. Northall. 

Rockford, 111., Jan. 8. 


Our regular council was held Jan. 6, Eld. A. P. Snader, 
presiding. Three letters of membership were granted and 
one was received. A call was received from the mem- 
bers at Rehoboth, Del., who are now erecting a meeting- 
house. It was decided to give them a donation of $10. A 
motion was passed, providing for a permanent Temper- 
ance Committee of three. Bro. Snader has promised to 
give us a series of meetings sometime during the spring. 
He was also reelected as our elder for 1913, and Bro. M. 
C. Flohr as church clerk. Bro. D. E. Miller was chosen 
as Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Harry Speelman 
was continued as Messenger agent, and the writer as 
church correspondent. 

At the last business meeting of the Missionary Society 
Bro. D. E. Miller was elected president. The Mission 
Study Class has resumed its work for the winter and is 
now engaged in a study of a book entitled, "Mormonism, 
the Islam of America," After this book is completed, it 
is intended to take up another along a somewhat different 
line. Pledges have been received from enough of the 
members to keep up our support of a native missionary in 
India. The Temperance Committee has been very active 
in the distribution of literature, and has also given us two 
good programs within the past six months. 

Our Christmas program consisted of recitations, mostly 
by the children, and of songs. The house was well filled 
and the occasion was indeed a joyous one. 

Since the arrival of Bro. Garber and wife, we have been 
much encouraged in our work and we trust that their 
presence among us may be a blessing to us. Bro. Garber 
has been giving us splendid sermons, full of Bible truth, 
which seems to be lacking in so many sermons of today. 
The treasurer's report, given at the council, showed that 
duringthe year over $1,500 was contributed by the mem- 
bers for the local work, not including the amount given 
for the India Native School, as well as the donations 
made by the other organizations of the congregation. For 
the next year we have adopted the weekly envelope sys- 
tem, thereby giving each one an opportunity to give ac- 
cording to apostolic precedent. (Mrs.) D. E. Miller. 


On the morning of Nov. 2 I bade farewell to loved ones 
at home in Waynesboro, Pa., and started for Baltimore, 
Md., eighty-two miles away, where, Nov. 3, I commenced 
my work as pastor of the Woodberry church in the north- 
ern section of the city. Dec. 7 my family and household 
goods arrived in the city, and soon we were comfortably 
domiciled in our new home at 852 Thirty-seventh street, 
just five blocks from my church. On the opposite side 
of the street is a large and well-equipped school building 
for our children, and one block away we have access to 
trolley cars and numerous stores. 

The Woodberry church has never had the services of a 
pastor in the sense that he was prepared to devote all of 
his time to the work. In city work this is highly impor- 
tant and necessary. This need was felt here, if the church 
is to survive and grow, and accordingly we were called 
and warmly welcomed by an earnest, self-sacrificing little 
band of members, to direct the Lord's work in a more 
specific and aggressive way. The State District, antici- 
pating the value of a pastoral work here, is rendering 
financial aid. 

Formerly this church comprised a part of the Meadow 
Branch congregation in Carroll Co., Md., but it is now an 
organized congregation of about one hundred and twenty 
members, with four resident ministers, including myself, 
and five deacons. Bro. T. S. Fike, whose services have 
already been a great blessing to the cause here, through a 
period when internal opposition threatened the life of the 
church, is elder in charge, having been elected at a late 
council to serve us for two years. 

The members, financially, are not rich, but they are in- 
dustrious and find ready employment in the mills and fac- 
tories, offices and stores within convenient distances from 
their homes. One needs only to attend services here to 
be convinced that they are spiritually, socially and char- 
itably inclined. 

It is a feature of unusual interest and gratitude and joy 
to me, and highly praiseworthy of the members, to know 
that they are giving heed to apostolic teaching and Con- 
ference decisions, concerning modesty and simplicity in 
Christian attire. This is scriptural and commendable in- 
deed for any church of our beloved Fraternity "set for the 
defense of the gospel" in the midst of the ever-changing 
and enticing fashions and other evils of city life. 

I find that the Sunday-school end of the work here is 
growing in interest and numbers. The school is made up 
largely of young children and boys and girls, and it is to 
be hoped that an increase of adult scholars, and even more 
of our church members, will be in evidence during the 
current year. F. D. Anthony. 

852 Thirty-seventh Street, Baltimore, Md., Jan. 4. 



Jan. 26, 6 pm, Los Angeles. „ , 
Feb. 23, Inglewood. March 

March 22, San-tee. City. 

16, 11 am, Lamed 



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ON THE OPEN ROAD. By Ralph Waldo 

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Elgin, Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 62. 

Elgin, 111., February 1, 1913. 

No. 5. 


6 "How- Much Owest Thou My Lord?" 

Collectively, the United States farmer, is the most 
wealthy capitalist the world has ever known. According 
to census figures, the total amount invested in agriculture 
by the farmers of our land is $20,000,000,000, which last 
year produced $7,000,000,000. Such a vast yearly income 
means $580,000,000 a month, or $19,000,000 a day. Surely 
the Lord is blessing, the people of our favored nation most 
signally! The bounty, so liberally lavished upon the tiller 
of the soil, is the real source of the prosperity attending 
all other branches of industry, for all, from the highest to 
the lowest "are served by the field." But the vital ques- 
tion, confronting us, who know that the Lord is gracious, 
is this: " What shall I render to my God for all his mercies 

shown? " — ■ 

Greater Simplicity at the Inauguration, 

With a characteristic decision in favor of Jeffersonian 
simplicity, President-elect Wilson has ruled that the cus- 
tomary inauguration ball is, in no sense, a needful part 
of the inauguration ceremonies. It has, on past occasions, 
served mainly as a scheme to enrich the few, directly in- 
terested in the entertainment of visitors, leaving the Gov- 
ernment to. foot the expense, which not only means a di- 
rect outlay of $95,000, but also a vacation of two weeks for 
the Pension clerks, whose quarters are utilized during the 
occasion. Governor Wilson will gain the approval of every. 
right-thinking person, irrespective of party affiliations, for 
the stand he is taking, not only in the matter of the in- 
auguration ball, but in several other conspicuous instances, 
in which he has shown his strong determination to stand 
for the right, at all hazards. 

Africa's Famine. 
Inhambane, Africa, a territory, 350 by 250 miles, with a 
population of at least two millions, is experiencing a fam- 
ine in all its horrors. Parents are driving their children 
from their homes, not wishing to see them die, and hoping 
that, in some way, food may be secured by them else- 
where. The mission stations are surrounded, day after 
day, by the starving natives, but the meager supplies on 
hand are insufficient to afford needed relief, and one by 
one the famine sufferers drop by the waysrde. Have you 
ever thought of the fact that the world's great famines 
are in non-Christian countries, and that there is,, apparent- 
ly, a close connection between Christianity and the assur- 
ance of needful things for this life? " My God shall supply 
all your need," is the precious promise to all who in full 
assurance depend upon the Great Giver. 

The " Ivory House " of Ahab. 

Further discoveries at Samaria, the old-time home o.f 
King Ahab, seem to confirm that the ruins of the palace 
u n arthed are, what was once known as the " ivory house " 
of that ruler. Labels with Hebrew characters, used, 
probably, in the households of Omri and Ahab, have been 
found, as well as fragments of pottery, and other inter- 
esting relics. Among the ruins many inscriptions have 
been discovered, identical with Biblical names, and there 
is frequent reference to a vineyard, which may, in all 
probability, have been that which was cruelly wrested 
from Naboth. This being the first and only palace of a 
Hebrew king, so far found, it is, very naturally, of the 
deepest interest to archaeologists and Bible students. We 
are reminded, most graphically, of the phenomenal wick- 
edness of Ahab and Jezebel, and how the retribution of 
a just God brought deserved punishment. 

The Moloch of Our Industries. 

In days of old, deluded worshipers offered living be- 
ings to Moloch, — the god whose favor they hoped to gain. 
Nowadays industrialism, in the mad scramble for 
pecuniary gain, often lays aside all considerations of 
safety and well-being, so far as the workers are concerned. 
When we read that 35,000 people are annually killed in 
the various industrial avenues, we may well conclude 
that in many cases there has been needless sacrifice of 
life in order that there may be increased dividends. As 
we look at a further 500,000, maimed and wounded, we 
may rest assured that at times dollars and cents have 
been of greater importance than the safety of employes. 
So highly injurious to health are many lines of industry, 
that only the greatest and most far-reaching precautions 
have measurably preserved the health of the workers. 
Where that care is lacking, — as it often is, — the result is 
fatal in the extreme. We are assured that 3,000,000 cases 

of illness, annually, are clearly traceable to the lack of 
proper provisions in this respect. Great responsibilities 
are resting upon employers of labor. In the early days of 
the race the question was asked, "Am I my brother's 
keeper?" God's Word answers the question clearly and 
positively. No one can shirk the responsibility today. 

Week-Day Bible Schools. 
That the half-hour period of Bible instruction, afforded 
by the Sunday-schools of our land on each recurring 
Lord's Day, is entirely inadequate to serve the purpose 
intended, has long been the conviction of our best workers. 
Upon recommendation of the International Sunday-school 
Association the " Council of Evangelical Churches," re- 
cently in session" at Dayton, Ohio, considered a plan of 
establishing week-day schools for Bible instruction, It 
suggested. that public schools might dismiss their pupils 
a half day each week, in order that they may be sent to 
their respective churches for thorough religious instruction. 
There would appear to be real good in such a plan, as it 
would afford opportunities for amplified Scripture study, 
not obtainable during the brief Sunday-school period now 
available. Why not be as thorough in Bible study as in 
the various public school branches? 

An Appeal for the Birds. 

John Burroughs and Ernest Thompson Seton, the wide- 
ly-known naturalists, recently issued a joint appeal to the 
school-children of America, saying, in part: "An 'urgent 
appeal we make to you in behalf of our native birds, many 
species of which are in danger of extermination. A meas- 
ure is now before Congress to place all migratory birds 
under the protection of the Federal Government. If Jt 
is not passed, our birds will continue to decrease, to the 
great and lasting loss and shame of the American people." 
It is suggested that all parents, teachers and friends write 
or telegraph to the congressman of their district, and also 
to the two senators of their State, — now in Washington, — 
urging immediate action on the pending bird protection 
bill. In view of the important service rendered by our 
feathered friends throughout the realm of nature as in- 
sect exterminators, etc., it would seem that the passage 
of the bill deserves the support of every lover of nature 
and nature's God. 

The Value of Church Membership, 
It is true, doubtless, that many fail to place a due 
estimate on the value of church membership, and the 
privileges thereby afforded, or they would not be so ready 
to forfeit it on the slightest pretext. On the other hand 
we notice in recent newspaper reports, that an expelled 
member of a certain religious body has filed a claim for 
$20,000 damages, in a circuit court, because of alleged 
losses sustained in being deprived of church membership. 
While the case has not yet been settled, it is very doubt- 
ful whether the court will venture to interfere in a purely, 
ecclesiastical proceeding. One thing is sure, — the value 
of any one's church membership can not be measured by 
tlTe paltry standard of dollars and cents. If, by the 
precious blood of Christ, we are made members of the 
church of God, and heirs of the blessed promises to those 
who believe, we have a treasure so rare, — a pearl of so 
great a value, — that the world's wealth sinks into utter 
insignificance. But are we willing "to pay the price"? 
"What manner of persons ought ye to be, in all holy 
conversation and godliness!" 

"The Good Samaritan" in Modern Life. 
A recent issue of the "Gospel Herald," the official organ 
of out Mennonite friends, describes most graphically how 
a high-caste Indian native, sorely afflicted, was brought by 
some of his friends to the Mennonite dispensary, at Dham- 
tari, India. He had been sick for quite a while, and since 
the family knew he could not get well, they were deter- 
mined to get rid of him without further expense, by pass- 
ing him over to the mission workers. While arrangements 
were being made to admit the poor sufferer to the care of 
the hospital, his friends passed by unconcerned. Finally, 
as two Brahmins were passing by, one of the Mennonite 
brethren, pointing to the sick man, asked them to prove 
their religion by their works, and to help their brother in 
need. Like the priest in the parable of old, however, they 
refused and passed by. Such is the spirit of heathenism! 
It is unmoved by the cry of distress. It erects no hospi- 
tals for the sufferers, nor does it heed the piteous plea of 
the widow and orphan. Christianity alone, of all the va- 
rious beliefs, extant throughout the world, reaches down 
to the lowest dregs of humanity and tenderly cares for 
them in the name of the Loving Master. 

" We Will Meet in Heaven." 
Recently one of the great transatlantic liners sighted a 
floating deck chair, as it was being tossed in and fro by the 
waves of the mighty deep. On being picked up, il was seen 
to bear the fateful word "Titanic,"— a mute reminder of 
the ^ul tragedy that brought anguish and grief to many 
a household on both sides of the Atlantic. Closer scrutiny 
revealed a brief message, rudely scratched on the chair, 
"We will meet in heaven.— John Jacob :\>tor." When 
the scenes of earth are fast slipping away, the heart, almost 
unconsciously, seeks to make sure of a home beyond. 
What a pity thai so many, in living for this world only, 
neglect the "one thing needful" to insure eternal happi- 
ness in the great beyond! Only as the blood of Christ has 
availed in our behalf, can we have the glorious hope "that 
if our earthly house of this- tabernacle were dissolved we 
have a building not made with hands, eternal in ' the 

Our Great Canal. 
Besides being the inciting cause of a serious complica- 
tion with our English friends, the Panama Canal,— now 
rapidly Hearing completion, bids fair to be a most expen 
sive proposition in its annual maintenance, which is esti 
mated as being at least $20,000,000. The,,, ton, Col. Goe- 
thals, who, as builder of the new waterway, is generally 
recognized as a man of som* reason and conservative 
ideas, now comes forward with the strong plea Dial J.^IKR) 
men be detailed to guard the Canal against possible de- 
struction by a stealthy foe. The Congressional Commit- 
tee, which will have the final deciding of the mailer, thinks 
that eight thousand men will be ample. Still others, - 
having in mind the Suez Canal, which has never been sub 
jected to any attack since its completion, -are wondering 
why there should be any danger from sudden attacks 
whatever, as long as we, as a nation, do nol needlessly 
give offense to any foreign power. No one would think 
of attacking us, while we arc attending to our own affairs 
in the fear of God. 

Jerusalem's Increasing Population. 
Latest reports place the population of the Holy City 

at the 90,000 mark. The Jewish residents numhci a! 
least 50,000,— quite an increase from the 10,000 of some 
years ago. Religious organizations nf various shades of 
belief have built institutional structures that are a credit 
to those who were instrumental in their erection, but up 
to some years ago little was done to furnish quarters Por 
the Jews constantly arriving in the city,— especially those 
of limited means. Finally, however, the erection of a 
number of suitable dwellings was made possible by means 
of the Moses M'ontefiore fund, ami already five suburban 
.colonies, with from sixty to seventy houses, have been 
established. The most recent project, however, contem- 
plates the establishing of a special garden suburb, to fur- 
nish homes for the better class of artisans, able to pay a 
rental of forty or fifty dollars a year. Each of these resi- 
dences is built on a half-acre lot, affording ample ground 
for cultivation. Undoubtedly the fig, vine and olive will 
flourish in these little gardens, and each of the fortunate 
residents in Jerusalem's garden suburb can literally "sit 
beneath his own vine and fig tree," none " daring to molest 
him or make him afraid." 

Gospel Influences in Peru. 
Some weeks ago we referred to the deplorable conditions 
prevailing in the rubber districts of Peru, South America, — 
worse, even, than those that made the Kongo region of 
Africa a blot upon civilization. "The Blue Book," issued 
by the British Government, claims that the natives of the 
Peru rubber districts have been reduced to but 5,000, from 
their original number of 50,000. It was hoped that the 
Catholic Rriests of that land would use their influence in 
behalf of the poor natives, and insist upon more humane 
treatment, but for some reason there seems to have been 
no abatement of the cruelties which have aroused the in- 
dignation of the entire civilized world, It was then sug- 
gested that Protestant missionaries hasten to the rescue, 
giving to the natives not only the needed protection against 
their rapacious oppressors, but also an opportunity to learn 
of higher anVl better things. At first this proposal aroused 
the indignation of the Peruvian authorities who claimed 
that the country should remain under Catholic influences. 
But since religious liberty is guaranteed by Peru's consti- 
tution, the missionaries gained the day and the entire 
Putmayo district is to be permeated by gospel influences. 
What a blessing that to these downtrodden natives there 
"shall the Sun of Righteousness arise, with healing in his 
wings" ! 


THE GOSPfiL MESSENGER— February 1, 1913. 


Study to shew thyself approved unto God. a workman that necdeth 
i.o( to be ashai'K-J. rigiiilv dividrng die Word of Truth 

Beautiful Snow. 

Selected by Mary V. Harshbarger, McPherson. Kan; 
Over the roofs of the slumbering town, 
Peacefully, gently floating down, 
Robing in ermine earth's somber brown, 
Fleecily, dreamily falleth -the snow. 

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful snow; 
Pure as an angel's white robes in its flow; 
Scattering brightness o'er all below, 
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful snow. 

List to the music soft and low; 

It seemeth to echo wherever we go; 

The frost sprites are dancing by moonlight glow 

Over the beautiful, beautiful snow. 

List to the laughter so shrill and sweet, 

List to. tlie tinkling of fairy feet; 

The elfins are trooping away to greet 

The beautiful, beautiful, beautiful snow. 

The Simple Life in Christ Jesus in Worship. 


When Jesus said to the Samaritan woman, "The 
hour cometh, when neither in this mountain, nor in 
Jerusalem, shall ye worship the Father. . . . But . . . 
the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit 
and truth," he taught a great lesson on the simplicity 
of true worship. No special place, no outward ac- 
companiments of any kfrftl were essential. Whenever 
and wherever a sincere soul would reach out after 
God, that soul could be certain of a Father's gracious 

And in that stinging rebuke of ostentatious piety 
which sought to be seen praying in the synagogues 
and streets, the Lord showed again how simple wor- 
ship ought to be. Not many words were needed to 
attract the Father's notice, and as for human auditors 
and lookerson, there was no need at all for these. 
Let the worshiper shut out the world, and in the 
secret of his inner chamber let him commune with 
God alone. 

Another important lesson on the subject of worship 
was taught by Jesus when he drove the money- 
changers from the temple. The clear meaning of that 
incident is that, though one may worship anywhere 
and in spite of external conditions, some circum- 
stances are more favorable to worship than others. 
When certain places and times are set apart for 
worship, to pervert them to other uses tends to destroy 
the spirit of worship and is therefore wrong. 

In these three lessons Jesus has set forth clearly 
the proper object of worship, its nature and princi- 
ples. Worship is adoration, gratitude and aspiration. 
It is soul-contact between God and man. Its object 
is not reputation for piety, but actual communion of 
the human spirit with the Divine. Being thus a 
spiritual exercise, it is independent of external ac- 
companiments, and yet it is helped or hindered by 
one's surroundings according as these are iavorable 
or unfavorable. 

In the light of these principles we may look at some 
further phases of the question of simplicity in wor- 
ship. There is little need of considering the matter 
in relation to one's personal devotions or to worship 
in the home, unless it be to warn us against making 
these so extremely simple as to rule them out entirely. 
But the subject of simplicity in worship seems 
properly to refer to worship in the public assembly. 

And here too, as it happens, there is little occasion 
to exhort us to simplicity. Our forms of worship are 
certainly very simple. Indeed, the present writer has 
often felt that, as a rule, the element of worship does 
not receive the attention in our public services which 
it should. The fault, if any, is not necessarily that 
the worship is too simple. It is rather that there is 
too little of it. Too little time and thought are given 
to it. We do not regard it of- enough importance. 
The sermon is the principal part of the service, — 
sometimes almost the whole of it, — the worship 
feature being very brief and serving only to " open " 
and " close " the meeting. 

The primary function of the sermon is to instruct 
us as to our duties and to urge us to perform them. 
It is in prayer and song and reading of the Scrip- 
tures, — its devotional portions especially,— and in less 
degree in appropriate exhortation, that sentiments of 
worship are engendered and expressed. This portion 
of the service creates a proper atmosphere for the 
sermon, but it has also a distinct value of its own. 
It tends to lift the soul-, above the vexations of the 
daily routine. It gives new heart, new courage, new 
. hope, new faith, new strength for the task of the 
coming week. 

Some of us, who have been accustomed to think of 
the sermon as the only thing worth while, forget that 
the other portion of the public service furnishes most 
help to many a care-worn mother, to many a lonely, 
discouraged, sorely-tempted pilgrim, struggling 
against the hard conditions of some bitter personal 
experience. And if the rest of us do not find it very 
interesting, it is because- we have not learned to ap- 
preciate it at its true value or, perhaps, because we 
have not learned how to make it the most helpful and 
inspiring. Why should not the devotional part of the 
public Sunday service be raised to the level and dig- 
nity of the preaching, and as much thought and care 
be given to the direction of it,-^if not as much time, — 
as to the sermon? 

There is no occasion in tlnV+o transgress the prin- 
ciples of simplicity. This service should not be of 
such a character as to distract the mind from the 
proper object of its attention; it should be designed 
solely to inspire sentiments of reverence and trust, and 
to minister to the spiritual uplift of the worshiper. 
Let the content and order of the service answer to 
the test, — Does it help one to worship? 

The same principle should determine in the matter 
of the places set apart for worship. Jesus taught, as 
we have seen, that one can worship God anywhere 
if his heart is in the proper attitude, but he also taught 
that some conditions are more favorable to a right 
attitude of heart than others. Places which are some- 
times used for other than religious purposes are not 
as desirable for places of worship as those which are 
given exclusively to such use, simply because the 
associations of the place are more likely to distract 
the mind. And even in the case of buildings designed 
solely for religious services, have you never been 
impressed that some are much more suggestive of 
their purpose than others? Did you ever ask your- 
self why it was that in some places where you have 
worshiped, even as you entered, the very atmosphere 
seemed charged with spiritual suggestion? It was 
easy for you to turn your mind from worldly thoughts 
and worship God. It was almost impossible not to do 

The point is that, since churchhouses are intended 
for divine worship, they should be adapted to this 
purpose as fully as possible. The architecture, ar- 
rangement and furnishing should be such as will 
help most toward this end. They should suggest 
sacred things. Everything should be planned with a 
view of deepening the spiritual atmosphere of the 
place. The principle of simplicity must be carefully 
guarded because elaborate and ill-judged decorations 
are apt to hinder more than they help. They lead the 
mind to study them rather than to think of God. But 
whatever tends to incite meditation upon holy things 
is helpful and proper. We ought to make a church 
the most difficult place in the world for a man to plan 
his business for the coming week. We ought to make 
it the easiest place for a discouraged soul to come to, 
and even when no service is in progress, be lifted into 
a world of new faith and purpose. 

A churchhouse, of course, is no place for a display 
of wealth or waste of money, neither is any place 
suitable for such uses. Display and waste are sinful 
anywhere. On the other hand, a just regard for sim- 
plicity does not always require the very cheapest in 
material and design. Dcjes it not seem that we have 
sometimes acted on the theory that almost anything 
is good enough for a church ? Such a sentiment is 
as likely to be inspired by selfishness, — not to say 
stinginess, — as by a love of simplicity. Especially are 
such suggestions in poor taste from those who, in 
their own homes, are satisfied with nothing but the 

best of everything and ' the most up-to-date con- 
veniences. "Anything good enough for a church?" 
Nothing is too good for a church that will make it 
better serve its purpose of leading human souls to 
love and honor God. 

In all our planning of places and methods of wor- 
ship, whether it is in building churches or in arranging 
rituals, let us keep in mind that the purpose of it all 
is to help people to worship God in spirit and in truth. 

Lordsburg, Cat. 

A Woman's Sermon. 


All sermons are not preached from the pujgit. 
I heard of one, recently, that seemed to do me a 
power of good, and it was acted by a plain little 
woman at a railroad station. 

It was a bleak, snowy day, and those of the crowd 
who had gathered there seemed intent on keeping 
warm themselves, and in some ways inclined to be 
sort of gloomy, in harmony with the weather outside. 

The door opened, and a frail old woman, shaking 
with palsy, came in, with a basket oi little wares for 
sale, and went from one to another, but none took 
pity, and bought anything. 

Having made her effort to sell, apparently she was 
making her way to the door, when suddenly she 
turned and walked about the room, as if to find 

Just then a little, plainly-dressed woman, who was 
resting on a sofa, said to her in a kind tone, " Have 
you lost anything, ma'am?" 9 

" No," was the reply, " I'm looking for the heatin' 
place", to have a warm-up before I go out ag'in. My 
eyes are poor, and I don'L seem to find the stove 

" Here it is," and the lady led her to the stove, and 
drew up a chair, for her. 

"Thankee," said the old woman, "this is comfor- 
table. I'm "most froze today. Bein' lame and aching 
and not selling much made me downhearted." 

The little woman in black smiled, went to the 
counter, bought a cup of tea and some sort of food; 
carried it to the old woman and said, as kindly as if 
the poor soul had been dressed in silk, " Won't you 
have a cup of hot tea? It's very comforting such a 
day as this." 

"Dear me! Do they give tea at this station? Well 
now, tin's is lovely and does warm me up." 

While she enjoyed her refreshments, the kind lady 
looked over her poor little wares in the basket, bought 
soap, pins, etc., and cheered the old soul by paying 
well for them. 

The party who related this said, " As I watched the 
kind donor doing this, I thought, ' What a sweet face 
she has/ though before I had thought her very plain. 
It was only a kind word and a friendly act, but 
somehow it brightened that dingy room wonderfully. 
I think it touched a dozen hearts, for I saw many 
eyes follow the plain lady with sudden respect, and 
when the frail and feeble woman rose up to go, 
several beckoned to her and bought something, as if 
they wished to make up for their neglect." 

What a little thing to do, and yet what happiness 
they showered on that poor woman! Surely, such 
sermons might much oftener be preached with -grand 
results. No doubt, had some finely-dressed lady had 
something fine to exhibit or sell, those people would 
not have needed the little woman to lead the way, to 
show them what to do. 

Such little, unselfish women are all too rare in this 
fast age. The poor are too often overlooked and, 
like James 2: 2, the people "have respect for him 
that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit 
thou here in a good place ; and say to the poor, Stand 
thou there or sit here under my footstool." 

We sometimes hear people speak of the polished 
and educated as "preaching sermons," but here was 
a loud sermon preached by a delicate woman, which 
was not soon forgotten by those who were present. 
And while the congregation was not large, the in- 
fluence may be farreaching. 

The incident may well be related in many homes 
and to many people, inciting them to deeds of kind- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1913. 


ness, although small, that may be the means of doing 
much good in the world. And. that is what sermons 
are for, whether preached by men of eloquence or 
some frail little woman who never thinks she is doing 
anything worthy of note. " Inasmuch as ye have done 
it unto the least of these ye have done it unto me." 
Nciuburg, Pa. 

Punishment and Torment. 


In treating the subject^of everlasting punishment, 
Mr. Russell does not seem to know exactly what he 
believes. In one instance he quotes, " The wages of 
sin is death." " Then, " All the wicked will God de- 
stroy." And then, " The wicked shall perish." And 
so, as occasion seems to require, to suit his theory, he 
adopts the one or the other, as suits him best. And 
here, again, Mr. Russell has to make his own transla- 
tion. Had the writing of the Book been entrusted to 
him, no such words as " everlasting punishment" and 
" torment " would be found in it,, for he manages, by 
symbolizing, translating and paraphrasing, to get rid 
of all of them. He says the Greek for "punishment" 
is kolasin, and then refers to a foot-note in the " Em- 
phatic Diaglott " for proof. Then he turns round and 
rejects the very meaning given by his author: " (1) 
To cut off. (2) To restrain; to repress. (3) To 
chastise, to punish." He affirms that " kolasin" has 
not the remotest idea of punishment in it.—" What 
the Scriptures Say About Hell," pp. 54, 55, 56, It 
will be noted that Mr. Wilson, the author quoted, was 
himself a " soul sleeper." 

Now, we will notice a few of the scriptures. Jesus 
says: "These (the' wicked) shall go away into ever- 
lasting punishment: but the righteous into eternal 
life" (Matt. 25: 46). And what does Mr. Russell 
say ? Why, he says, " The righteous go into ever- 
lasting life, and the wicked are everlastingly cut off 
from life" (page 56). We may admit that they are 
cut off from eternal life, which the righteous inherit, 
but that does not imply that there is no punishment 
besides for them. In verse 41 Jesus tells these:-" De- 
part from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire." Now, 
by no means of twisting can eternal life not mean 
everlasting life, nor can eternal fire mean no fire at 
all. If so, then any one may interpret the Bible to 
suit his. fancy and be justified in it. 

John says: "And death and hell (hades) were cast 
into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And 
whosoever was not found written in the book of life 
was cast into the lake of fire" (Rev. 20: 14). Here 
Mr. Russell proceeds with his symbolizing, and he 
sees no lake of fire. He is at no loss to see real death, 
real persons who are not written in the Book. But 
when they were cast into the real lake of real fire, 
with real brimstone, all vanish instantly before his 
beclouded vision. I arn sure if he had written the 
Book, all these mistakes ( ?) of Jesus, Matthew, and 
John would not be found in it ! What a pity ! 

All these ungodly classes named in Rev. 21 : 8, 
which the Bible says " shall have their part in the 
lake of fire and brimstone, which is the second death," 
Mr. Russell says will have their part in Gehenna, the 
Valley of Hinnom (page 63). Then that must be 
quite a large valley ! Furthermore, what a pity John 
was blinded in vision and so poor in judgment that 
he could not discern between a lake of fire and _a 
valley full of burning carcasses! It is too bad Jesus 
suffered John to be so badly mistaken, or that he 
purposely told the untruth about it ! 

In Rev. 20: 9, where the Book says, "Fire came 
down out of heaven and devoured them," Mr. Russell 
has no difficulty to see real fire, but in the next verse, 
where we are told " the devil that deceived them was 
cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the 
beast and the false prophets are, and shall be tor- 
mented day and night forever and ever," he at once 
sets about symbolizing (his most noted argument), 
and the devil, the lake, the fire, and torment vanish 
instantly! What wonderful power in this symboliz- 

A very fatal mistake of Mr. Russell's is in assuming 
that destruction means extinction or annihilation. He 
even affirms that the devil will be so destroyed. Paul 
says that' Jesus partook of flesh, "that through death 

he might bring to nought him that had the power of 
death, that is, the devil" (Heb. 2: 14). Or, as John 
puts it, " To this end was the Son of God manifested, 
that he might destroy the works (not the devil) of 
the devil" (1 John 3: 8). There is no Scripture to 
show a time when there will not be a devil. 

True, the Bible says God will " destroy " the 
wicked; that he will "burn them up." The great 
Titanic was destroyed, but she still exists. The house 
was destroyed by a cyclone, but the material that com- 
posed it still exists. The barn was destroyed by fire, 
but the ashes, smoke and that which composed it, 
exist still. Indeed, no material substance God ever 
made has ever been annihilated, much less the spirit 
of man. The earth was destroyed by a flood, but not 
extinguished, annihilated. It is to be a second time 
destroyed by fire, but not. annihilated. So the wicked 
are destroyed, burned,— perish in a lake of fire, — but 
are not annihilated. True, death may be punishment, 
but death is not the only kind of punishment, for the 
wicked. Mr. Russell tells us that the second death 
is all the punishment for the wicked. But he does 
not tell us how this death is brought about, nor what 
God will do with them afterwards, whether they will 
be buried a second time or dumped out into a pile 
to decay, so we must go to the Book for this infor- 

The Book tells us, " And if any was not found 
written in the'book of life, he was cast into the lake 
of fire," which "is the second death" (Rev. 20: 14, 
15), and that the beast and false prophet were cast 
alive into this lake of fire (Rev. 19: 20), burning 
with brimstone. So that tells us what the second 
death is, being cast alive into a lake of fire, and not 
merely "cutting off" from life, as Mr. Russell would 
have us believe. 

The word " punish " and " punishment," in the 
Bible, are never used to indicate death, but any man- 
ner of chastisement for sin; or any real or imaginary 
wrong doing, as in Acts 22: 5; 26: 11. Paul says 
that when Jesus returns he will " render vengeance on 
them that know not God, and that obey not the Gospel 
of our Lord Jesus: who shall be punished with ever- 
lasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and 
from the glory of his power" (2 Thess. 1: 8, 9). 
Mr. Russell's theology contains no such words as 
" suffer punishment." 

Peter says : " The Lord knowelh how to deliver the 
godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust 
unto the day of judgment to be punished " (2 Peter 
2:9). Mr. Russell would say, to give them another 
" trial." Paul says: "A man that hath set at naught 
Moses' law dieth without compassion, on the word of 
two or three witnesses: of how much sorer punish- 
ment, think ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath 
trodden under foot the Son of- God" (Heb. 10: 28, 

Now notice, the death under Moses' law was 
" without compassion," but here is a punishment for 
the wicked, not only " without compassion," but 
" much sorer," — worse even than a death " without 
compassion." No wonder Paul says, " It is a fear- 
ful thing to fall into the hands of the living God." 
Jesus says: "It is better for thee to enter into life 
maimed ('halt,' or with 'one eye'), than having 
two hands to go into hell," " where the worm dieth 
not, and the fire is not quenched " (Mark 9: 43, 44). 
We may note here that the fire of the Valley of Hin- 
nom has been quenched long ago, but the fire into 
which the wicked go, Jesus says, never shall be 
quenched. Fearful, indeed! Mr. Russell says there 
is no torment for the wicked, but if the rich man 
(Luke 16) could come back, I believe he could con- 
vince him. At any rate, he said he was " tormented 
in this flame," and I believe he knew. 

John tells us of some who " shall be tormented 
with fire and brimstone," ..." And the smoke of 
their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever" (Rev. 
14: 10, 11). Can it be possible that Jesus, the rich 
man, Paul, John, and all the inspired writers were 
mistaken about the matter, or entered into a collu- 
sion to tell us the untruth about it? Most certainly 
not! Indeed, if we reject Mr. Russell's symbolizing, 
there is not a greater unanimity of sentiment among 
inspired men on any subject than obtains on this, 

that the wicked will be punished, tormented in a lake 
of fire and brimstone, and that this is the second 
death. And were it not for the notoriety it gives 
him, I am inclined to think Pastor Russell would not 
be opposing it. He is not the first man who has 
ridden a hobby about the world for notoriety. Such 
characters bob up every now and then. 
R'wer Bend, Colo, 

When the Song Begins. 


At a home of my acquaintance the two young boys 
of the family took captive a little woodland 
songster. They brought it up to the house and placed 
it in a cage, recently left tenantless by the death of a 
melodious canary. With outstretched wings, quiv- 
ering body and piteous cries the poor prisoner beat 
frantically against the bars that held her in, Finding 
this useless, and exhausted by her violent efforts, she 
at last fluttered weakly to the floor of the cage. 

Here, for several days, she moped ami fretted, 
refusing food and uttering shrill cries of distress and 
resentment, whenever approached by any one, Not a 
day passed but what the mother of the youthful 
jailers expressed a desire to have " Mcadie," as the 
little brown and scarlet coated prisoner had been 
named, released. But each lime the captors, brim- 
ming over with the spirit of investigation, and de- 
termined to learn what time might do in the conduct 
of their prisoner, begged for one day more of grace. 

There came a day, however, when the mother, 
touched by Meadie's distress, made her desire a 
positive command. Approaching the cage the follow 
ing morning, to execute this command, the one having 
this to do was greatly surprised to find Mcadie hop- 
ping about with a very business-like air, picking up 
crumbs and seeds. 

While we stood watching this unexpected move on 
her part, she spread her wings, flew up to the lop- 
most perch and, inflating her tuneful throat, poured 
forth a perfect flood of woodland melody. Within 
sight of the green fields, the nestling trees and the 
illimitable space that was her rightful home, yet, 
held away from it all by the close-set bars that held 
her in, she was singing— singing with all her force 
and fervor and vitality and ultcr abandonment of self 
that characterized her upward flight in the wild, free 
open. This she kept up 'regularly, so long as she was 
kept with us, which was a week or more. 

Are there not human lives that might profit by 
the example of this brave little bird? Prison ex- 
periences fall to the lot of many of us. With some 
these experiences last only for a time. Others are 
called upon to spend their entire lifetime in what 
seems to be a prison. Held away from something 
we should like to do, by the force of hard circum- 
stances, physical inability, some handicap, and various 
other reasons, how we do chafe and fret and rebel 
and beat against the bars that hold us in! LJnder the 
stress of llu's the natural tendency is lo lose interest 
in what we can do. As this feeling grows upon us, 
we, as a rule, become morose and bitter. The son),' 
dies- on our lips, willingness from our hearts, ac- 
tivity from our life. 

The cure for this dangerous and distressing con- 
dition of" mind, and the only thing which can lib- 
erate us from the prison into which we have inad- 
vertently placed ourselves, is absolute self-surren- 
der, — to let go of everything, all the struggling and 
striving, all the fretting and discord, and give our life 
ovpr into the care of God, to do with it as he will. 

The change that at once takes place in the spir- 
itual life, is marvelous. What once seemed a prison 
does not now seem so. Under this new freedom, the 
very work that once seemed so distasteful, becomes 
a joy. The hard circumstances blossom out with 
opportunities for usefulness, unthouglit of. Before 
we are aware, we are working with might, and sing- 
ing with gladness. 

When King Hezckiah had finished the repairing of 
the temple, a solemn and impressive service was held 
there. A great choir, with cymbals, psalteries, trum- 
pets and all the instruments of David, was stationed 
about the altar. But they stood silent until the burnt- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1911 

offering began. '' When that was offered, then the 
song of the Lord began also." The burnt-offering 
meant devotedness to God. 

WTien we surrender our lives to God, willing to 

let him place us wherever he will, or work at what- 
ever he has for us to do, the song of true living be- 
gins. Until then the music is mute. 
Covington, Ohio, 

Character Sketches from 
My Jungle Home 

By NORA E. BERKEBILE (Late Missionary in India) 

No. 10. — Sedubai and Limpooing. 
" Salaam !" I looked up and Joshi Master stood at 
the door. 

" Yah, master." 

" No, I can not come in. My little daughter is not 
well. She has no appetite and would you please give 
me some dried fruits for her?" 

"You, a Brahmin, take fruit from us? Dare you 
eat it?" 

" O yes, dried fruits we may eat." 

" Certainly, you shall have some. Just wait !" I 
hurried to the "go-down," where we kept our stores. 
To keep the fruit from the rats, it was put into 
muslin sacks and these were tied to a wire suspended 
from the ceiling. Opening several sacks, a collection 
•of dried cherries, apples and peaches was made for the 
little sick girl. I carried it into the house and handed 
it to him. 

" No, I will send a servant," said the man. 

" Send a servant, did you say?" 

" Yes, my boy will be here soon," and off he started. 

"Send a servant! The very idea! Can he not 
carry a package like that?" 

No, it was beneath his dignity. What would people 
say, were he, the head clerk in the courthouse, he, who 
was soon to be a chief judge, to carry a package like 
that? He turn coolie? No, indeed! 

It is exasperating, sometimes, to deal with this 
question. The Brahmin must have his coolie, the 
middle caste man must have his coolie, and a coolie, 
will have a coolie, if he can get one, to carry his 

The teacher borrowed our English papers, and I 
have often seen him bring his servant along behind 
him, to carry one of the smallest papers he was re- 
turning. They must be taught that labor is not de- 

" Limpoo " work or " shane smearing" is the way 
the floors are treated, and should be done often to 
keep out the insects and purify the house. 

One day I called Sedubai, who had been doing this 
work for us. She came and was asked to please lim- 
poo the bedroom floor. It was work we had never 
done, so she was paid to do it. It is honorable work 
for an Indian woman, and if she does not keep her 
house well limpooed, she is no better than an Ameri- 
can woman who does not keep her house swept and 

But Sedubai had noticed that the Bible woman, who 
was too busy, most of the time, with her work among 
the women, her cooking and caring for the children, 
etc., to do this work, always hired it done, so why 
should she do it either? She refused to do it. 

All right; we left her go home and said nothing, 
but the room must be cleaned and the woman needed 
a lesson. 

The Madam Saheb and Miss Saheb held a council. 
" We'll do it ourselves," w r e said. I started out with 
the shane basket and a fire shovel. I had not been 
there long enough to pick up the shane with my hands. 
It was a humiliating business to gather that cow- 
manure in a basket and carry it home, for as Ameri- 
cans we do not look upon the stuff with as much 
reverence as the Hindoo. The Miss Saheb was wait- 
ing with water and an old native broom. The room 
had been swept, so we commenced to make the mortar 
and do the smearing. The broom did not work. We 
would not give up, however. Sedubai needed to be 
taught that limpooing was honorable. 

There was no other way but to get down on our 
knees, native fashion, and then rub the mixture nice 

and smooth with our hands. We thought of how we 
used to cry when, as little girls, we stepped into a 
pile of shane, and how we would fret until mother 
would help us to get our feet clean. Now, here we 
were, two big girls, down on the floor, rubbing the 
shane well in with our hands. 

The ludicrousness of the situation struck us and 
we sat dawn and laughed until the tears ran down our 

Sedubai, over in the other end of the house, heard 
us laughing and began to change her views. The 
"Madam" and "Miss Saheb" enjoyed such work, 
why should not she? By her pride she had lost a 
day's wages and what would her husband say when 
he returned and found that she h£fd allowed the 

Carrying 1 Water for the Limpoo Work. 

missionaries to do work they should not do, for they 
had never been taught to do such work in their coun- 

The women shamed her, and her husband scolded. 
The missionaries did not scold, but just pretended 
that nothing had happened. That was hardest of all. 

When the floor was to be limpooed again, a very 
meek-faced Sedubai came over and said, " Mama, 
shall I limpoo the floor?" " Why, yes, Sedubai, you 
may if you wish," we replied, and as long as we lived 
on limpooed floors, she gladly did the work. 

" Look at Saheb, down there in the garden ! He is 
a gardener, doing the Marli's work," could be heard 
as the Government clerks passed by on their way to 
the courthouse. 

When the tomatoes and egg plants, the radishes and 
carrots matured, they took notice with a different 
view of the matter. The Saheb was teaching the 
Marli how to do gardening. 

A Brahmin gardener began to drop in for plants and 
hints for raising English vegetables, and other men 
started gardening on a small scale. They needed 
to be taught that labor is not degrading. 

When one goes into Crawford Market, in Bombay, 
the coolies swarm around like bees. Since one dare 
not carry large packages on the street cars in that 
city, the coolie is a convenience when one has many 
parcels, but a nuisance if you have no more than 

you can easily carry, for, however small the package, 
Mr. Coolie is determined to have it, and so are a half 
dozen others equally determined on the same thing, 
until one is driven half frantic, and to get rid of the 
rest, will let one take it and trot along. 

The native Christian is taught to do as the Ameri- 
can, but I doubt if he ever feels like doing so when 
he has a big bundle and a few " pice " tied up in one 
end of his doti to pay a coolie for carrying it. It 
is" such an inborn 1 custom that the American mis- 
sionary must do some forceful teaching along this 
line, even to his own children. 

A missionary mother had gone to the hills with 
her three children. It is cool there and she decided 
that she and her children would do the work that she 
kept a native boy to do for her, down on the heated 
plains, where it is utterly impossible for one to do 
some things as we would in our own country. She 
said when they were in the hills, where the climate 
is somewhat like America, she wanted her children 
to learn to do things as we dp them at home. The 
girl helped with the cooking and the boy attended to 
the fuel and other chores. 

One mother had -not done that. The father died 
and she and the children returned home, so that the 
children might be educated. They located in an Ohio 
town, the college home of the parents, where the boy, 
to help along, was found a position in a bakery. He 
was to deliver bread after school hours. " No, sir," 
he said, "they don't make a ' rothli wallo ' (bread 
carrier) of me." 

It took a good lot of persuasion and a longer stay 
in the homeland for him to get over the Indian's 
prejudice against bearing, his own burdens. 

It was very gratifying to us, once, when we started 
out to a village where we were to remain all day, to 
have our native preacher step up and say, " Saheb, 
let me carry that basket." He took it and, putting it 
on his head, started oft" singing. He had caught the 
true idea of labor. He knew that it is not degrading. 

Sedubai had learned it too, and we were glad. She 
was a dear little woman in many ways and we loved 
her much. 

(To Be Continued.) 

The Awakening. 


The church is waking up. Congregations, one by 
one, are awaking to their own local needs, and a few 
of them realize our general needs. Our members are 
waking up to many needs but especially to their 
need of a stronger ministry. 

It is now a common thing to read of a church in 
search of a pastor to devote all his time to the church. 
It means a good deal for some congregations to reach 
that point, but when they get that far, they generally 
learn something else : — that good pastors are scarce 
and hard to secure. As a matter of fact, the de- 
mand for capable men to serve as pastors in local 
churches on full support, exceeds the supply. Fur- 
thermore, the demand is increasing faster than the 
supply. In a few years, unless something is done at 
once to increase largely the number of capable min- 
isters willing to do such work, we are certain to face 
a veritable famine of preachers and we shall be 
threatened with the worst evils of a salaried min- 

What evils do I fear? Why, that the minister of 
first rate ability will be drawn from the place of duty 
by the lure of larger pay, as the demand for his. 
services becomes greater. In fact, we are face to 
face with just that danger right now. Are you awake 
to that fact? 

If you are not, it is time to awake. If your con- 
gregation has a strong young man among her work- 
ers, you can not be sure even now of keeping him. 
Just when he has reached the point of greatest use- 
fulness to you, he may receive a call to hold a series 
of meetings. His work being successful, the same 
congregation may call for him as pastor. Under our 
present system there is nothing you can do. He has 
a perfect right to go, and you can not stop him. Has 
that thing happened to you and your church ? It may 
happen tomorrow. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1913. 


Now what are we going to do about it? One way 
is to let things drift; let* every church look out for 
itself; let the strong outbid the weak and let the weak 
ones die, 'as many are already dying. That would 
be the short-sighted, selfish policy. 

But there is another way. Why not increase the 
supply of able ministers and, at the same time, teach 
them the right principles of service? Double the 
number of real workers, and what would we see? 
Why, first, a large relief to our churches and mis- 
sion boards. Then r. large increase in membership 
and spiritual strength. Tn many cases a salaried min- 
ister would not be at all necessary, two or three self- 
supporting ministers being able to tare for a church 
acceptably. - 

How may we increase the number? We can do 
that easily enough. Under our old system we elect 
a man to the ministry ; then turn him loose. If he has 
ambition and exceptional ability, he may make a great 
success, but we know that most of our ministers- 
elect never develop into ministers of power. How 
can we help them ? We can not give them natural 
ability, but we can give them a helpful training. 
Many a man has honestly tried and failed in his min- 
istry,_just because he had no one to give him the right 
kind of a start. I know men of small ability who 
have become good workers under the right kind of 
training. Personally, I would rather listen to a slow- 
speaking minister who knows what he is talking about 
than to a pulpit orator who does not. Right schooling 
will give a man a message, which is the principal 
thing. It will enable him " to bring forth things both 
new and old," and to " handle aright the word of 

Now, these are all facts, as we all know ; but are 
we all awake to them? Will they prompt us to act? 
Brethren, it is time to act. If we have schools which 
give the right kind of training, we should support 
them, give them everything they need to make their 
work a success. Then we should do all we can to 
get our young people to enter them and prepare for 
the Lord's work, as ministers, evangelists, Bible 
teachers, Sunday-school workers, missionaries, etc. 
If necessary, help them to bear their expenses. It 
will pay us to do even that. If our schools are not 
giving the proper training, let us take hold of them 
and see that they do. It is simply nonsense to turn 
away from our schools because they make some mis- 
takes. We do know that the right kind of schools 
is an absolute necessity. The church must awake to 
her need of schools and intelligently grapple with the 

One of our greatest hindrances in all of this is a 
general, shortsighted congregational selfishness. Con- 
gregations, well supplied with workers, care little or 
nothing about the rest of the churches, — whether they 
have good workers or not ; while the churches that 
are in need of help are trying to attract good workers 
from other churche; rather than to develop material 
of their own. Certainly, we must get beyond that 
stage or our problem will never be solved. 

A generous, large-spirited policy is a necessity to 
all our interests, both local and general. God grant 
us a great awakening to our duties and our oppor- 
tunities ! 

4341 Congress St., Chicago. 

Matthew 11: 11, or Jesus the Least. 


The interpretation of this puzzling text has been 
a great question. Truly, various views obtain. 
Modestly, to me it is clear and simple. I will in- 
terpret this passage by reading into it just what, to 
me, with the context and other texts, looks out of it, 
leaving the reader free to decide on the merit. 
" Verily, I say unto you, Among them that are born 
of women there h'ath not risen a greater than John 
the Baptist; notwithstanding, I, who am least in the 
kingdom of heaven, am greater than John the Bap- 
tist " (Matt. 11: 11), being supposedly read cor- 

John was in the kingdom. He was the opening 
flower of the kingdom. " There was a man sent 
from God, whose name was John" (John 1: 16). 

John was a special, God-sent man. " To him the 
porter openeth " (John 10: 3). "He shall be filled 
with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb " 
(Luke 1: 15). "The kingdom of God is not meat 
and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in 
the Holy Ghost" (Rom. 14: 17). If John were not 
in the kingdom, how could he induct others? K[ow 
could he stand before the " face " of the Lord and 
prepare the way for the Lord? First the kingdom, 
and then the King. So all was ready for the King. 
The kingdom was in John according to Rom. 14 : 17. 
John was in the kingdom. He was a great Holy 
Ghost man, and presented Jesus as the King over the 
Holy Ghost people. 

But, again, if John were not in the kingdom, and 
Jesus meant to compare a former dispensation with 
the Christian dispensation, — surely it would be a very 
irrelevant hypothesis. Then, supposing that I, — I. N. 
H. Beahm, — am "the least" in the new spiritual 
kingdom of grace, I must immediately assume to 
presume to be greater than John the Baptist. This, 
however, to be frank, / can not do. 

But, even if I could and would assume to presume 
to be greater than John the Baptist, then, in wjiat 
sense am I greater? Am I, greater than John in 
parentage? I think not! Am I greater in super- 
natural conception and birth? Surely not! Am I 
greater in that ..temperate and abstemious life? No! 
Am I greater in the Holy Ghost ? I can not be ! Am 
I greater in boldness? Nay, verily! Greater in ora- 
tory? No! Greater in personal praise and special 
exaltation from our Lord? No! Greater in power 
of evangelism? No! Greater in sacrifice of life? 

Then, dear reader, pray, tell me in what respect 
I am greater than John! As for myself, I do not 
know. I give it up. I step aside for John. I yield 
to his supremacy. Verily, I say unto you, John is 
my superior. Therefore, Jesus did not mean me 
as "the least in the kingdom of heaven." 

But since, by the supposition above, if Jesus did not 
mean me, then he did not mean any other Christian ; 
for by that very supposition I am " the least " of all 
Christians since the days of Christ on earth. Hence, 
I drop out of the comparison wholly,— altogether, — 
absolutely*! JSo, and likewise, do you, dear Christian 
reader ! 

Again, it is suggested that Jesus had reference to 
the invisible and triumphant kingdom of heaven. 
Now, to be straightforward in my answer here, I 
reply that' there is absolutely nothing in the text or 
the context to warrant, or even to indicate, such a 
comparison. Therefore it falls absolutely out of con- 
sideration. The real issue is clear. In Matt. 11: 3 
John raises the question as to the Messiahship of 
Jesus. The answer of Jesus is not in word, but in 
fact; and thus,' in ringing "yes," according to verse 
5. Then, in verses 7, 8, 9 and 10, Jesus turns to John 
and pushes him up to the very limit of human ex- 
altation,— to the very crest of racial greatness, — and 
identifies him as the prophesied messenger of God 
the Father, and as the immediate forerunner of the 
Messiah, — " the One " in question, — of Jesus himself. 

In verse 1 1 Jesus goes from the marvelous great- 
ness of John, beautifully and mysteriously, to his own 
transcendent superhuman greatness by asserting him- 
self as being " the least in the kingdom of heaven " 
and " greater than " John. Jesus, therefore, asserts 
his Messiahship in the paradox of Matt. 11: 11. 

In verses 18 and 19 Jesus continues the comparison 
of John and himself. In verse 20, 21, 22, 2$ and 24 
Jesus shows himself as a divinely moral Judge and as 
a prophet of Divine justice. In verse 25 Jesus is a 
babe. In verse 27 Jesus, as the only one among men, 
has personal knowledge of the Almighty. And he 
here poses as the only one able to reveal Jehovah in 
his loving and infinite Fatherhood. He declares him- 
self the Son of God, — the Messiah, — the One to come. 
Look for no other! " I am he." Then, in verse 28, 
comes the sublimely beautiful and universal invita- 
tion, and we see Jesus as the sympathetic, helpful, 
restful, burden-bearing, center of our needy race. 

The mistake made so often, in the interpretation 
of this passage, is, that sincere people, unconsciously, 
try to belittle John the Baptist in a certain sense, just 

to get an answer that seems plausible. They belittle 
John to exalt ourselves, in a sense, whereas, on the 
other hand, we should seek, as Jesus does, to exalt 
John to the zenith of human greatness, that we may 
behold the transcendent Divinity of Jesus as the One 
to come. Magnify the bigness of John to behold the 
Divine glory of our Lord Jesus, 

A few choice texts, just here, will guide us to the 
eoncomitancy and inseparability of " the least " and 
" the greatest," as traits of one personality, and these 
passages will justify or corroborate the interpreta- 
tion of Matt. 11: 11, as given in the opening of this 

"Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven? 
And Jesus called a little child unlo him, and set him 
in the midst of them, and said, Verily I say unto you, 
Except ye become converted, and become as little 
children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of 
heaven. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself 
as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom 
of heaven" (Matt. IS: 1-4). "And whosoever of 
you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. For 
even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, 
but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for 
many" (Mark 10:44,45). 

"And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled 
himself, and became obedient unto death, even the 
death of the cross. Wherefore God hath also highly 
exalted him, and given him a name which is above 
every name" (Philpp. 2: 8, 9}. 

Isaiah 53 shows Jesus as "the least." Ilcb. 1 
shows Christ as the greatest. My friends, it will pay 
us to study John the Baptist more, fie was a unique 
man, a superb character. He was big. Look at him. 
Jesus was more unique; more, — he was superb. He 
was bigger. Look at him. He was transcendent in 
humiliation and transcendent in exaltation. He was 
the least and the greatest, the bottom stone and the 
top stone, the first and the last, the beginning and the 
end, the Alpha and the Omega. Oh, the transcen- 
dent sweep and scope of Jesus Christ! Oh, the in- 
finite range and compass of the " Lamb of God that 
taketh away the sin of the world!" Thou, Jesus, art 
the one that should come! We look for no other! 

Trevilian, Va. 

Common Problems. 


Killing an animal or bird for mere spent ami 
pastime, exhibits some of the coarser fiber in the 
human make-up. There seems to be a sort of savage 
instinct in man, to take life, — a gloating satisfaction 
in giving pain, lie swells with pride when, as he 
fires his gun, the poor, innocent rabbit, fleeing for its 
life, falls mangled in the snow. 

Scientists are discovering economic values in many 
representatives of God's creation, alid the time may 
come when the much despised " cotton-tail " may yet 
be placed in the category of useful animals; aside 
from the value of its flesh and fur. 

Some years ago the western plains were literally 
covered with the wild buffaloes. The Indian, while 
brutal by nature, did not kill the buffalo for mere 
sport. His was a law of necessity. He used the 
meat for his daily food, and the skins to provide 
clothing for his wife and children. In course of 
time his Christianized brother, the while man, came 
along, with his more improved firearms. Thenfthe 
hour of extermination drew nigh. Thousands of 
buffaloes were slaughtered for mere sport. Starva- 
tion and annihilation threatened the poor Indian. 

Man, necessarily, depends for his food on the lower 
orders of creation. In the Far North there are races 
of people who are absolutely dependent on the animals 
of that region for food, clothing and heat. 

There is a lawful excuse to take the life of an- 
imals when compelled to do so to sustain life, or in 
self-preservation. But think of the bird hunters of 
the equatorial zone, \vT10 persistently pursue the 
gaudily-plumed birds of that region, in order to secure 
the beautiful feathers and wings, that they might 
satisfy the vanity of their more' civilized (?) sisters 
of the North, in furnishing decorations for their head- 
gear. "The merciful man doeth good to his own 
{Concluded on Page 76.) 


THE QOSPEL MESSENGER— February 1, 1913. 


That Look. 


How sorrowful, how impressive is the account of 
the last day or two of Christ's life on earth! What 
heart-to-heart talks he had with his disciples! How 
enthusiastic, and how concerned about the Savior's 
welfare we find Peter! How sure of himself! 
"Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, 
and to death." What did Jesus say? "I tell thee, 
Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before thou 
shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me." 

And so it was. After all Peter's wonderful profes- 
sions of loyalty; after Christ's sad words to Peter, 
James, and John, " My soul is exceeding sorrowful 
unto death ;" after his terrible agony in the garden ; 
after all these, " Peter followed afar off." Then 
" Peter sat down among them,"— the enemies of 
Christ. Then Peter denied his Christ, — not once, 
not twice, but three times. What then? "And the 
Lord turned and looked upon Peter." Can you 
imagine the searching, penetrating power of that one 
sad look? It made Peter remember. It made Peter 
regret most sincerely. " And Peter went out and 
wept bitterly." 

Christ's look is on us now; he sees and knows all 
we do. We can not fully realize it; else how different 
would be our actions sometimes! Methinks, when 
we are- so sinful or so weak as to deny Christ by a 
word, by an act, by places visited, were we to see 
that sad, searching look upon ourselves, as it was upon 
guilty Peter, we, too, would remember and regret, 
and weep bitterly. 

After life here is over, and the judgment time is 
on. there shall be more looking. " Every eye shall 
see him, and they also which pierced him." 

Then the prepared shall look, and meet Christ's 
look with inexpressible joy and comfort. But the 
unprepared, when forced to look on the nail and 
spear prints which they have caused, how can they 
meet Christ's look? Then will they say to the moun- 
tains and rocks, "Fall on us, and hide us from the, 
face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the 
wrath of the Lamb." But it is too late now to re- 
pent, although they too, may weep bitterly. " There 
shall lie weeping and gnashing of teeth." 
Trevilian, Va. 

increase of fruit would spring forth for him, if we 
would thus throw all the strength and vitality of 
our being, into the noble mission he has assigned us. 

Water Sprouts. 


" If an orange, or a grape-fruit tree has one enemy 
greater than another, to its growth and development, 
it is ' water sprouts.' To let these grow, means the 
sapping of the life from the bud, and the final dying 
out of the budded portion of the tree." 

Now, while this article does not concern the grow- 
ing of citrus fruits, the same enemy endangers the 
growing of a much more valuable kind of fruit. 
Whether or not a thing is wrong, does not tell its 
whole effect upon the tree which has been budded to 
Christian fruit. Water sprouts are by no means 
poison, but they prevent the purpose for which the 
tree is permitted to stand, — the purpose for which 
it occupies a place in the orchard. Beware of them ! 
Wliptever may be the character of the things whose 
advisability you are considering, ask this question of 
truth, and hear its answer, before you accept them: 
" Do they use the vitality,— the strength, time, talent, 
or means, — of the Christian, to another purpose than 
that of bringing forth Christian fruit?" 

If so, let us hear our fruit-grower further: " Dur- 
ing the growing season the grove should be gone 
over at least once each week, and every tree inspected. 
\\ hen the water sprouts first appear, they are very 
tender and can be rubbed off with the hand, leaving 
no scar, or blemish." Woulfl not the same plan work 
all right in the field of our intentions? Let us try it 
and see. To go over the field once a week, and rid 
ourselves of the water sprouts before they are of a 
size to leave a blemish, or rob God of the fruit due 
him, would surely prove our earnestness in the 
Master's vineyard of service. And what a wonderful 

They Ought Not to be Allowed in Heaven. 


The Temperance Lesson was being taught to a 
primary class. The teacher was trying to impress 
the little ones with the evils of the liquor traffic, the 
suffering that it brings upon little children, and the 
unhappy homes that it makes. At the close of the